Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 23, 1938, Abilene, Texas
€fte Abilene Sporter -Deb#
"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIEND S OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS GOES,"-Byron_
VOL. LVII, NO. 362. Anodal** Prea* (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS. MONDAY EVENING, MAY 23, 1938-TEN PAGES.
railed Pres* (t'P)
PRICE 5 CENTS
‘ Czech Premier , And Nazi Foe Open Parley
Henlein Flies To Praha As Reich Troops Withdraw
PRAHA, May 23.—(AP)— Konrad Henlein, leader of Czechoslovakia’s a u t o n o my-seeking Qermanic minority, and Premier Milan Hodza met tonight in a preliminary effort to settle their dispute, which had brought Europe dangerously near the brink of war. PEACE HOPES BRIGHT
Henlein returned to the capital by airplane soon atter reports were received that German troops were withdrawing from the Czechoslovakia border. Hopes for averting a serious central European conflict were considered appreciably brighter.
His talk with the Czechoslovak premier was considered a prelim-inary to real peace negotiations between the Praha government and
Czechs Apologize To Germany In Frontier Incident
BERLIN, May 23.—(AP)— The official Czechoslovak press mreau reported today that Germany had received a prompt apology for an attempt by Czechoslovak soldiers to blow up a wooden bridge linking the two countries across the river Thaya at Benhartstahl.
Foreign Minister Kamil Krofta delivered the apology yesterday in Prfeha to German Minister Ernst • Eisenlohr even before the latter v. as aware of the incident, the press I bureau said.
The Czechoslovak military command condemned the attempt as I ‘ unauthorized.” The official Ger-| man news agency reported yesterday that German gendarmes found fused explosives attached to various sections of the bridge.
Czechoslovak soldiers were said to
TENSE WORLD EYES CZECHOSLOVAKIA
the 3.500.000 Sudeten Germans, for Whom Henlein considers himself spokesman.
PRAHA. May 23—(iP)—A feeling that a victory had been won prevailed in Praha today, augmented b> the conviction that but for the obvious determination of the Czechs to defend their territory at all costs ana against all odds Germany's Adolf Hitler would have made another lightning move.
Official circles and the general public expressed not only relief over lelaxation of international tension
See CRISIS, Pf. 9, Col 4
have fled back across the border when two German frontier officials
Diplomats believed today that the general conflict which threatened to develop from the Czechoslovak-German crisis had been averted, at least temporarily.
D. N. B. official German news agency, reported another border incident in which a Czechoslovak military plane with two occupants and armed with a machine-gun flew over German territory near Baer-enstein in Saxony.
I See POWERS. Pf. 9, Col. 4
Tax Board In New Schedules
Session Here For AA Given
Dozen Athenians Appear To Talk New Valuations
About a dozen Abilenians had appeared this morning before the Taylor county tax equalization board to discuss new valuations of their property recently sent out by As-sessor-Collector Pat Patterson. The board is to remain in session all day today and tomorrow if the demand justifies it, County Judge Lee R. 'York said.
So far today, all valuations remained as much as or more than for last year, except one case where some property had been removed Since the assessment. Most of the increased valuations were due to building permits, increased stock, or similar matters, Patterson said.
The equalization board is taking the period regularly used for commissioners court meeting, but one petition was presented to the court this morning. It was from Guion, requesting that the Guion voting box be placed in the Bradshaw justice precinct. No action had been taken on the petition late this morning.
Young Hunter Saves Prince From Panther
BOMBAY. May 23.—<& -A young hunter today «aved the lives of the Maharajah of Dewas and two aides de camp when a wound-crazed panther le/iped into the tonneau of the prince's automobile.
The prince had bagged three panthers and had wounded a fourth. The wounded animal apparently trailed the hunters and leaped on them from a tree as they were leaving the forest.
Them was a mad struggle In the back of the car with the Maharaja's two aides battering the snarling animal with the butts of their rifles. The panther had clawed all three men seriously when the young hunter in the front scat turned his own •BflAfeAHiAlt
Westbound Plane Due To Arrive In City At 5:29 PM
Schedules for the two way mr mail and passenger service to be inaugurated into Abilene, effective June I, by American Airlines was released today by Charles A. Rhein-strom, vice president in charge of , sales of American Airlines. Inc.
Already serviced by American I once daily on one of their eastbound trips from Los Angeles, the new service will be on a westbound flight of American Airlines from Dallas to Los Angeles.
The new westbound schedule,
1 which leaves Dallas daily at 4 p. rn.
! (CST*, arrives In Abilene at 6:29 p. rn., after making one stop at Ft. Worth at 4:20 p. rn The trip leaves Abilene at 5:45 p. rn.. Big Spring at 6:28 p. rn.. El Paso at 7:31 p. rn. j (MT*. Douglas. Arizona at 8:53 p. rn., Tucson at 9:41 p. rn. Phoenix 10:39 p. rn., arriving in Los Angeles at 11:59 p. rn. (PT).
The eastbound schedule of American Airlines, which has been making regular stops at Abilene for many months, leaves Los Angeles at 7:30 a. rn. (PT*, arrives Abilene f>:39 p. rn., arriving in Dallas at 7:20 p. rn. (CST*, continuing on from here by way of Memphis, Nashville, and Washington to New York City.
Downpour Deals Section Benefits And Damages
Some Crops And Earthen Tanks Take Beating
Farmers and ranchmen of this section found benefits and damages v ere handed out Saturday night by the season's most severe rainstorm un they started the Monday morning checkup.
Freshly planted row crops, mature small grains, terraces and earthen tanks took a terrific beating in the downpour that amounted to 4.25 inches in Abilene. Many acres of crops will have to be replanted.
High winds, accompanied by hail, did considerablye damage in the Tye vicinity. Signs along the highth ay were destroyed. Sudan grass was frazzled and oats bore burden oI the attack for small grain since they were in a more advanced stage of maternity.
WATER GAPS REPAIRED Water gaps were being repaired this morning. Malone Brothers of Merkel found a calf hanging in a mesquite tree at their ranch. The animal apparently had lodged there during the high water Saturday night. An eastbound T. & P. freight train was detained at Merkel Saturday night by rampaging Bull Wagon creek. Passenger trains j crossed the bridge at an easy gait, j Everything was back to normal run- j ning yesterday.
Laney Brothers. Merkel ranchers, said a large tank at their farm which was constructed last year was washed out by the angry waters. Reads in that section bore s.gns of much high water.
The Saturday night precipation, supplemented by .06 of an inch Sunday, brought the season's total to 15.30 inches which compares with 4.09 inches for the same period last year and normal of 8.92 inches.
Other side of the rain picture is a brilliant outlook for ranchmen of the drenched section. They have abundant water supplies and are essured of early summer grass There is enough season to bring up row crops for weeks and even with replanting, the crop crop outlook is good.
In the grain section north of Abilene in vicinities of Haskell. Weiner t. Rule, Knox City and other towns there, there is a crying demand for dry weather to allow harvest of ripening crops.
To the southeast and west, a general rain would be welcome cs the year’s rainfall In that section Is slightly below normal. Most crops are up to a stand, however, and less replanting will be neces-rary than in the wetter belts.
Police Break Picket At Newspaper Plant
DULUTH. Minn., May 23—(UP* —Police, using tear gas and night sticks, today broke up a picket line around the strike-bound Duluth Herald and News-Tribune and permitted employes to enter the plant. No one was injured seriously.
It was understood that publication. suspended for six weeks because of a strike call by the Lake Superior unit of the American Newspaper Guild, would be resumed today.
BREAKING COMMITTEE DEADLOCK-
House Debates Wage-Hour Bill
Highway I Fencing Asked To Increase Safety Of Motorists
AUSTIN, May 23— (JP) —Recent unsolved murders in West exas were cited today by a Culberson county delegation which asked the highway commission to fence Highway 80, a transcontinental thoroughfare, as one factor in increasing the safety element on the heavily-travelled road.
County Judge Burch Corson said lack of fences aided criminals who in several instances had preyed upon motorists in Culbeison county. He specifically referred to the torture slayings of Mrs. Weston G. Frome and hei daughter, Nancy, near Van Horn.
He said county officials since had received numerous letters inquiring as to the safety of travel in the vast West Texas area. R. L. Bobbitt, chairman, said the highway commission would "give every consideration” to fencing the road.
Spokesmen said fences were needed also to keep livestock off the road, adding stray animals caused frequent automobile accidents.
ABILENE »nd vicinity: cloudy
tonight md Tuc»d*y, warmer Tueaday.
WEST TEXAS: Fair tonight and Tu«i- i : dav slightly cooler In extreme southwest . portion tonight; warmer in north portion
EAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy tonight I and Tueadav; slightly cooler In eaet por , lion tonight; warmer in northwest and north-central portion* Tueadav.
Higheat temperature >e*terday SO
Loweet temperature thia morning ..57
24 hra ending 6 .30 am- Mon 06 inch
Saturday nlgnt ............4-2*
I Since first of year .........*3 30
Same period last year ......4.09 inches
am,, th. ,,.r
Abilene Joins In Cotton Lab Fight
C-C Group For Sending Envoy To Washington
Abilene Is to have a part in Texas’ fight for securing the cotton research laboratory.
The agriculture committfe of the Abilene chamber of commerce voted unanimously this morning, recommending that the local chamber send a representative to Washington to aid in the fight.
Burris C. Jackson, chairman of the state-wide cotton committee of Texas, will lead a delegation to Washington May 28 to present Texas’ claim for the laboratory to the U. S. department of agriculture, congressmen and senators.
Appropriations have been made by congress for the establishment of four cotton laboratories, one to be in the South. The research laboratory will be a million dollar plant.
C. A. McGaugbey, chairman of the agriculture committee, was in charge of the meeting attended by O. C. Williams, Dr. T. B. Bass, B. B. Laughlin. Harry Holt, Knox Parr, and T. N. Carswell.
The group also discussed plans for the West Texas fair to be held October 3-8. and the annual spring calf show which probably will be held in March. County agents, home demonstration agents and vocational agriculture teachers of the Abilene trade territory are to be invited to a luncheon here soon at which time plans for the fall fair will be discussed.
It is hoped the catalogues, listing divisions and premiums for the fair. will be available for distribution early this summer in order to allow ; exhibitors plenty of time to prepare their products. Harry Holt was named chairman of a committee j with Knox Pair and Frank Antilley I as other members to work up lists of the exhibits for the fair which , will be passed to the directors.
Supreme Court Broadens Field Of US Taxation
Upholds Levies On Athletic Contests And Salaries
WASHINGTON, May 23.—(^P)— The supreme court broadened the field of federal taxation today by holding that the federal government can impose levies on athletic contests at state universities and on the salaries of employes of the New York port authority.
Justice Roberts delivered the 6 to 2 decision sustaining a federal rd-mission tax on tickets to Intercollegiate football games at the University of Georgia and Georgia Tech.
Justice Stone delivered the 6 to 2 opinion holding that the federal government could collect an Income tax on port authority rffi-cials. The authority was formed by an interstate compact to operas tunnels and bridges between New York and New Jer'ey.
25 STATES FILE BRIEFS The port authority litigation had caused 25 states to file a brief with the court asking protection from “federal usurpation" and "the burden of federal taxation.” "Expressing no opinion whether a federal tax may be Imposed upon the port authority itself with respect to its receipt of income or its other activities,” Stone said, "we decide only that the present tax neither precludes nor threatens unreasonably to obstruct any function essential to the continued existence of the state government.
"The immunity, if allowed, would impose to an inadmissible extent a restriction upon the taxing power which the constitution has granted to the federal government”
| In the aumlssion-tax decision, Roberts held that immunity from federal taxes "does not extend to business enterprises conducted by the states for gain.’'
President Roosevelt has asked congress for legislation to permit reciprocal federal and state taxation of the salaries of federal and state employes, as well as taxation of the income from federal and ttate bonds.
TWIN BABIES AND'TWIN' FATHERS [Southern Bloc
May Delay Vote Until Tomorrow
Administration Is Opposed To Its Inflexibility
WASHINGTON, May 23 — (AP)—The house broke its rules committee’s prolonged blockade of the revised wage-hour bill today by voting overwhelmingly to debate the measure immediately.
This action ratified a petition signed May 6 by 218 members to force the legislation to the floor in spite of the rules committee's steadfast refusal to give it preferential status.
Debate was limited to four hours but leaders said efforts of a southern bloc to make the measure more flexible might delay a final vote until late tomorrow.
It was the second time wage-hour legislation had come before the house in the last six months. It rejected a somewhat different version last December during the special session.
Speaker Bankhead announced the roll call vote In favor of bringing the bill to the floor was 322 to 73.
Today's debate found President Roosevelt and his congressional leaders In the unusual position of being keenly anxious for passage of the bill but opposed to its Inflexibility.
In recommending such legislation, the chief executive told the congress there were industrial and geographical diversities which practi-statesmanship cannot well ig-
The matter of putting two and two together Is bothering Dr Herman Bundesen, president of Chicago's beard of health, shown above looking down into an incubator which holds little Jose de Jesus and Ana Marla, twin babies born out of wedlock on April 25. Two men—Luis Ersing and Lanzarin Timoteo— showed up at the hospital
claiming to be the babies' father. Each man said he wished to marry the mother, but neither is legally separated from his present wife. Blood tests indicated that either or both could have been the father. Dr. Bundesen has suggested that one take the boy, the other the girl.
Licenses Issued By Safety Dep't.
Sixty-two chauffeur and 49 operator licenses were issued by Sam B Guynes, examiner for the department of public safety, and Weldon Marshall, officeman, last week in this district.
Guynes issued 41 chauffeur, 36 operator and one instruction permit. Marshall granted 21 chauffeur and 23 operator licenses.
FOUR KILLED AS STORMS HIK ,
TOWNS IN NORTHWEST TEXAS
Stephens County Hamlet Demolished By Twister; Homes Wrecked In Comanche
By The Associated Pregs take up me n^n.uw,uw' ,vw-
Four persona killed, more than IO injured, and losses in pry-relief appropriation bill, now livestock and crops were the toll of violent windstorms that amended to put the brakes on New
struck three northwest Texas communities yesterday (Sunday) ^A’p^*ntiv ^nfident that eon-while much of the western half of the state received beneficial gTCAS is jn the home stretch. Roose-
NO WAGE DIFFERENTIALS
The revised measure, however, makes no provision for wage varia-utr<5 between the north and south,
ct between urban and rural communities. It would establish a universal minimum wage for interstate industry, starting at 25 cents an hour and increasing to 40 cents at the end of three years. Hours would start at 44 per week and drop to 40 in two years.
The senate, meanwhile, prepared to take up the 53.247.025.000 recov-
rams velt is making plans f°r * vacation
The deed were L. T. Martin, 83. retired rancher, and hit w**« £ Sv^in o'vui’t
wife, 73; J. G. Davis, 66, and
UT Commencement Goes Streamlined
AUSTIN. May 23.—(A**—A riream-lined commencement June 6 Is the order for University of Texns rrad-uates.
Tile commencement '’ommlttee announced todav it would dispense with the "laborious'’ custom of parading each candidate to the stand to receive a hollow paner tube certifying a dinloma to be mailed later. Candidates for doctor of philosophy degrees are the single exception.
Others will be graduated en masse in a "pleasant and brief"
s ...... *«
6 M »•
7 ...... TS SS
8 ...... <*7 *•!
u ...... 67 63
10 ...... 85 66
11 ...... 63 67
Midnight ... .. 62
Noon ........ 88
Sunset .. .. ..7.45
7 p m 7 a-rn 12:30 P va. Dry thermometer SS
Wet thermometer 72
Ret Hive humidity 47 84 55
Two Are Killed By Arkansas Tornado
ATKINS. Ark., May 23.—(**»—A tornado that swept through this central Arkansas section during the night that lilied two persons, injured at least five others and destroyed much property.
The dead were: Mrs. Barbara
Schneider, 62. Austin; Dave Rankin, about 65. Austin.
The twister apparently struck first in the Austin community, two miles south of Atkins, and aw ept toward the east through Hainesville and Solgohachia Morrilton felt the forte of the winds.
Post Youth Wins A & M Cadet Award
COLLEGT STATION, May 23.— UP)—Cadet Col. A. D. Justice of Past, Texts, was presented a saber yesterday by the Texas departent, Reserve Officers association, as the outstanding cadet officer at Texas A. & M. college for the school year.
What Is Your
Extension Of Ivy Pool Indicated
Possibility for a mile north ex
pected to leave in mid-July to visit [west coast countries.
The new deal congressional drive appears to be for adjournment, possibly by June 15. unless the high I command decides to reopen the government reorganization battle.
his sister. Mrs. Fannie Robinson, about 60 and blind. Mrs.
Dewey Martin, daughter-in-law of the L. F. Martins, was injured.
POWER LINES DOWN
Mrs. Davis, 63. was injured and the Davis gra.tdson, Jim Oafcr.el ruwiuiui; iui n umc in Dooly, 9, escaped injury when the j tension to Shackelford county's only
Davis home at Ivan, Stephens coun- Palo Pinto lime production area, *nl
. n.mrttuL-H hv a the Iv>' P001- was 9iven sarong indi- fore 42d district court tocia . An
ty hamlet, aas demolished by a ( ♦odav after the Ungren & drew Polk entered a pie® of C*Uity
« *1 No. I J. S McKeever [ on two charge. of bur^ry.nd
for two o. three miles. A. I. Phil- showing of oil In sandy w&s sentenced ta serve two jears
lips, principal of the Ivan school. , J}* in the penitentiary on each count
mweTriouTinJureT ^ Free oil was* bailed from the hole by Judga U., S.
Criminal Cases Before 42d Court
i i si j Jr i re OII was UM lieut Hum mr uuic * ^ ^
.ore seriously Injured. I Uril on lhe outpost be(orf ter, negro, a so pleaded gu.lt. .0
Trees were uprooted and livestock , * * operations Six-inch two charges of burglary and was as-
WW killed in an are. 200 yards wide , c^ed >F“t ^d0p- tpme Penalty'
and four miles long nevr De Leon, I hrffln elMnlM| Jury was selected total
Comanche county. Six homes were
Parents Of Girl Killed In Unfulfilled Suicide Pact Stand By Lover In Trial
Near Olney, Young county, where aeveral houses were damaged or wrecked, electric power lines were blown down, leaving the city without power.
Rains fell generally oyer the Pan-
eratois expected to begin cleaning out the hole this morning.
The zone cf saturation will be cored probably this afternoon to determine extent of the porosity.
Top of the Palo Pinto lime had been picked Saturday at 3,196 feet, and hard lime drilled to 3.215 feet. Sample recovery showed about 50,
Jury was selected late this mom* ing for the trial of J. H. Scut* lock for automobile theft.
Brazil Lifts Curbs On U. S. Imports
nfw YORK Mav 23.—<.‘P —Sixteen-year-o d Donald Carroll Jr, went on ‘rial on’ a charge of first degree murder today cheered bv rite promise of aid from the parents of the swtetheart he is accused
°f S]Fred^Matthiesen father of the pretty 18-.'ear-old blonde typist whom police say young Carroll shot to death March 24 In an unfulfilled suicide pact. Joined with the ooy*s patents in an attempt to save him from punishment. ...... # ., „ . ,,
"My wife and I will testify ot Donalds trial for him," he said. He was like my own son ’* ....
Mrs. Matthlesen termed the death of her daughter, Charlotte, a tragedy of adolescence” when Donald was arraigned April 7. she put her arm around his shoulder to console him and told him to "keen your chin up "
District Attorney Charles P Sullivan said the vouth. a brilliant New York university student, told him he and Charlotte had decided on a death pact aa "the wily way out" when they discovered she was
Each question counts 20: each part of a two-part question, IO. A score of 60 is fair; 80. good. Answers on Page IO.
1. Identify this South American official who suppressed a fascist revolt against his regime.
2. The first sizeable platinum deposit in the U. S. hts been found in Colorado. True or false?
3. Is Sucbow (a) a Japanese gunboat sunk by a Chinese bomb in the Yangtze river; (b) a key Chinese railway junction; (c) a Japanese munitions center?
4. How' old is the U. S air trail service?
5. On what side is the Lost Division'' fighting rn the Span-JfeNKl
sampit recovery snv.ru „V| WASHINGTON. April 3L—
handle, accompanied in some places J per cent sand on acid treatment. Brazil lifted today ad excnang by hail. The Palo Pinto lime in both the restrictions regardingf
Dewey Martin, son of Mr. and I Avoca and Ivy pools has not shown th«ie °
Mrs. L F. Martin, who were kill- j sand. nt rece.ved a talced, said his wife was in his par- Rainbow of oil was first noted on from Ambassac}0r Saffery. Rio
ents’ home with them when the bailing at 3.215 feet. In dm .mg Janfiro stating that the Bank of
storm struck. He had taken his the two feet of saturation in 28 bas advised the embassy that
young son to the home of a neigh- minutes, an increase sn .ie tnow- . ^ the cloM ot the cx„
bor to do some chores for him. tng was indicated. Pipe was set c-pan^ today the bank will grant
They watched the twister as it cut: 3,214 feet, but wiU not be cemented through the vicinity of the Martin p 10 ^ 5
home, he said, and concluded it___• 1-——
had not struck the house. Return- . _
lug hone they found it ruined, his WHAT IT MEANS—
mother dead, his father dying. His wife suffered broken ribs and possibly other injuries.
Dewey Martin said his wife told
"spot” exchange to pay for American Imports.
THE NEW WAGE-HOUR BILL
See STORM 8, Pg. 9, Col. 4
98 High Students Receive Gold A's
Ninety-eight Abilene high school students received the coveted "Gold A" this morning at the chapel period. The presentation was to those who have excelled in 20 different fields of extra-curricular activity.
Division in which the A’s were presented were basketball, track, tennis, shorthand, debate, spelling. Junior declamation, tournament play. stage crew, senior declamation, Flashlight, extemporaneous speech, art, pep squad. Battery, boys glee club, a capella chorus. Future Farm erg of America, essay, band and or
For more than a year, administration leaders have been scissoring and pasting on wage and hour legislation. Tile senate labor committee chucked the first version overboard. The sec md version passed the senate, stuck in the house. The third effort comes before the house for a vote today, or soon thereafter. In the following simple history of wage and hour legislation. Mr. Beatty explains why congress is having so much trouble with what seemed at first blush to be a legislative snap.
By MORGAN YI. BEATTY AP Feature Writer
W/SHINGTON. May 23-Keep in mind one simple fact and you can .
a*MBB J3HUB dm ta uaMnKllre Utoi
confusing arguments in congress over a wage and hour law.
Here is the key to the riddle:
The wage and hour bill coming up for a vote in the house would send the nation into legislative territory never before explored by th- federal government
That means nobody can say for sine what a wage and hour law eventually would do to—or for — American workers and employers. All anybody can do is say what he thinks or hopes such a law would do
PRO AND CON OF IT
People who are for it say the law would put a floor under wages and a ceiling over hours—in fact, standardize the labor costs for ail totes WftftRHffrm JBK. KL Oat M