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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 22, 1954, Abilene, Texas PARTLY CLOUDY w Ubitene Reçoit A MORNING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron VOL. LXXIII, NO. 339 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE. TEXAS, SATURDAY Î^rWgTmXŸ 22. 1954 -EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c JUST A PART OF THE BAND ,.. but even blanks make a lot of noise 'JUST PART OF OVERTURE' Cannon's Booming Winds Up ACC Concert, Spreads Alarm Demos Blast Secrecy Of Probe PhoneCalls Group Demands^ Citizens Rights AFTER SHARP DEBATE Teen-Age Voting Measure Beaten By STUART CHILTON Abilene Christian College’s annual spring band concert in Sewell Auditorium Friday night wound up with a BANG — one that was hear* fW «ver much of the north side of Abilene. Near the end of the 55-minute program, the ACC band moved rapidly through Tschaikovsky’s “Overture of 1812” when a loud j explosion and flash from the rear of the auditorium shook the entire Hill area. Before the explosion, James Freeman, master of ceremonies, had explained to the large crowd that many hours of preparation had been spent on the number He pointed out that the overture had been written to be played in the city square where drums would roll, chimes would ring, and cannons would fire. Fire Nine Times Toward the end of the stirring number, the drums began to roll, loud noise and flashes seen from “out on the Hill.” One collegian shouted: “Turn them on the library.” Two boys running up to the auditorium to see what had happened, asked. “What was that?” A lady in an automobile with a back seat full of children stopped and asked, “What happened? Numerous residents on the hill came running out of their homes into their yards. “I saw them flash, over there “Yes, I did, too, boy that’s some noise.” “How many times did they fire?” “Someone just told me that was part of the band concert.” On and on the questions and exclamations ran. One thing for sure:    Anyone who may have slept during the concert certainly was wide awake at the ending. Red Assassinations Foiled By Faith,'Love of Woman’ WASHINGTON, May 21 lTL-A story of three assassination assignments, and how “the power of the chimes began to ring and then faith and the love of a good woman” turned him against murder, was told at a public hearing all of a sudden — BANG, the cannons began to fire. Nine salvos were fired by^rnern-,    31-year-old    blond    Rushers of C Battery of the Abilene ^a>    »    - formerlv was an National Guard. The guardsmen dan who said he formerly was » were firing a 105 millimeter howit- ser. officer in the Soviet secret police The witness was Nikolai Khokh- The stunt which had been plan- iov wh0 appealed to the American ned in advance by Douglas Fry, ACC band director, took the quiet people for help in saving the wife and infant son he left in Russia attentive audience completely when he fled to the West several and by surprise. The audience at first was stunned, but then laughter broke out as spectators realized what had happened. Many Call Police But reaction from the neighborhood and much of the northeast aide of the city was different. weeks ago. Chairman Jenner <R-Ind> ol the Senate Internal Security subcommittee, which heard the story, said Khokhlov was believed to be “the first MVD official to testify publicly in this country.” Testifying through an interpret- _______ .    . er, Khokhlov said he was sure the City    police    reported 16 telephone    ^merjcan public could understand .. -    -------.4^, knnu,    (,the Rind Q{ decision” he and his wife Yanina, had to make when u    . he was assigned to carry out a News    for    information about the    mur(jer plot against an anti-Com- munist leader in West Germany last October. “We could not become assas sins,” he said, "and that is why I am here.” Khokhlov, much of whose story has been told before, said that in his 13 years with the MVD, the Russian secret police, he received three assassination missions. The first one, during World War «alls from persons wanting to know about the “explosion ” About ten other persons called the Reporter NEWS INDEX SECTION Woman's now» . Oil now»...... ***** SECTION Cditortah...... Comics.......% Form now» . Radio A TV Io« . 4 7 8-9 II, was carried out so successfully, he said, that he was decorated and made the hero of a Russian movie about the exploit. This was an assignment to arrange for the killing of a German gauletier in Nazi-occupied Minsk who was executing Russians citizens. Khokhlov said he persuaded a woman who worked for the German to place a bomb under his bed and kill him in his sleep. His next mission came in February, 1952, when he was told to go to Paris and kiU “a certain Russian emigre” there, he said, but: 1 knew that it was impossible because I was an intelligence man but never an assassin, and I refused it.” He said he begged off by practically shouting at his superior. You can’t send a man whose hands and feet are trembling Then, last October, he related, came instructions to arrange for the assassination in Frankfurt, Germany, of Georgi S. Okolovich, a Russian emigre and an important official of the NTS anti-Com-munist organization. He discussed it with Yanina, he said, and she told him she would not be the wife of an assassin. He said she preferred to risk all— her life and that of her son—"So that I would not become an assassin.” WASHINGTON, May 21 W -President Eisenhower’s proposed constitutional amendment to lower the voting age to 18 was killed by the Senate today. After sharp debate, in which Southern senators charged the amendment would be an invasion of states’ rights, the measure lost on a 34-24 vote. While 34 senators supported the proposal, their number was far short of the two-thirds majority of those present and voting, which is required for approval of a constitutional amendment. The Senate action appeared to bury the issue for this session of Congress, even though a similar measure is pending in the House. Eisenhower recommended the change in his State of the Union message to Congress last January. “For years our citizens between the ages of 18 and 21 have, in time of peril, been summoned to fight for America,” the President said at that time. “They should participate in the political process that produces this fateful summons.” Georgia Lone State In all states except Georgia, where 18-year-olds may vote, the legal age is 21. Twenty-seven Republicans and seven Northern Democrats voted for the amendment. Twenty-four Democrats lined up against it, however. Most of them were Southerners. Signs of Southern bitterness against the Supreme Court for outlawing school segregation cropped up in connection with today s Senate decision. After the vote, Sen. Russell <D-Ga>, a foe of the proposal told the Senate he was “very grateful’’ to the administration for submit ting it in the form of a con stitutional amendment. He pointed out that today’s Sen ate vote would have passed R if it had been offered as simple legislation. And he said it was his opinion “the present Supreme Court would have seen fit to try to enforce” such a statute. Russell added that even if the President had issued an executive order seeking to make 18-year-olds eligible to vote, he believed some of the present members of the high court would have sought to make this binding on the states. The Georgia senator has been highly critical of last Monday s court decision holding that segregation of white and Negro pupils in the nation’s schools is unconstitutional. Lauger Leads Fight Sen. Langer (R-ND), chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, led the fight for the constitutional amendment today, telling the Senate that if 18-year-olds have to —fight for their country they should have 4 voice in how it is governed. WASHINGTON, May 21. (AP>—Democrats on the Senate subcommittee investigating the McCarthy-Army feud demanded in writing today that the public be let m on monij tored telephone calls, with nothing ‘‘relevant or material WiWActing Chairman Mundt (R-SD) counted that the three Democrats were contradicting themselves m this solid front stand and making it “much more likely the calls won’t go into the public records at all. , Mundt and the other three Re- - The U. DESERTED TO REDS S. Army acknowledged that Pvt. James Davis, 32, (above) of Philadelphia, Pa., has fled to Communist Czechoslovakia and asked for political asylum. Prague radio said Davis has done so, Davis has been reported absent without leave from the 48th anti-aircraft Artillery Battalion since May 10, and was scheduled to appear on the day after his Right before a board that would determine his fitness to remain in the Army. Davis has been in the Army since 1940. French Hang Tight In Fierce Fighting HANOI, Indochina, May 21 Cff»— Rebel Vietminh battalion* fought today to crush by overwhelming numbers three small defense posts southeast of Hanoi as their vie- SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN THE REPORTER-NEWS Ho, Hum. Ho, day’s Wheew1    c and it’s vacation time again and this Sun- 110,RlUporter-News will" carry stones aiwut what U) take on a vacation, where to go and how to get there. Wheew For faster paced news, Sunday’s Reporter-News wM ten about politics in Tavlor County-about the pending Republican primary election. The Democratic primary also will be in the news. The Supreme Court has ruled on schools and segre-gaüon. Sunday’s Reporter-News will describe some of the facilities of Abilene’s Negro schools    rter. You can reserve extra copies of the Sunday Repo ter News with your agent or nearest newstand, for 10 cents. Greenlease Kidnap Heroes Draw Stiff Prison Terms ONYX REFINERY SPEAKING' Phone When Rang Wrong Party Wife Saw Stork <3ene Walters never thought he'd b« a midwife. But he found himself in a similar role the other night when he gave crucial assistance in the de- ''Tbaby *of hi* company * com- Pl5£tlwii a relief manifest clerk working • night shift at Onyx Re- “t2' PI>«m ««W »' hU d*sk about 2:30 a.m. on May 10. ••Onyx Refinery.’ he say* He Outside Line gay* a frantic voice “Mister, but 1 “I’m sorry to bother you ean™ get an outside line to call a doctor and my wife is about to have a baby Our phone lines are hooked up. ™¿MS «« St.. wh„. taSUully,' 9«»^ Co. jobber and a competitor Onjrx. belonged to But he wasn’t thinking about outselling Onyx at the moment. “Would you try to get the operator and see if she can get through to me at 3-3408?" the disturbed Reese urged Walters. Operator Helped Walters complied and soon the operator had Reese on the phone at home. She located the doctor at the hospital and that was taken care of Then Reese hung up. Next he had to get Mrs. Guerdon Busby, 1409 Ballinger St., Reese’s sister-in-law. She was to keep the Reese children, Randy, 7, and Jack, 3, while Mom and Dad went to see the stork. Things were getting more urgent. He picked up the phone again No dial tone “Onyx Refinery,” said old reliable Walter*, still on the job. “I still can’t get a line," Reese blurted. "Will you please call Mr*. Busby at 2-4086 and tell her we’re bringing our kids over there.” Walters dialed the number and a sleepy voice answered. “Lady,” he said, “this is Onyx Refinery. Your aunt or sister or somebody is having a baby. They’re bringing their kids over to your house.” “Come again?” asked Mrs Busby, now shocked to wakefulness. Again Walters explained the dilemma. “Do you know their name?” Mrs. Busby asked “No, but their phone number is 3-3408.” “Oh. that’s the Leon Reeses,” she said. A few hours later, around 7 am, the young Master Reese put in his appearance at Hendrick Memorial Hospital. His name is James Claude. Looks like his middle name could hava been Onyx. KANSAS CITY, May 21 veteran police lieutenant and a rookie cop who eight months ago were the heroes of the sensational Greenlease kidnaping case, were sentenced to prison today for lying about what happned to a record $600,000 ransom. Louis Shoulders, 57, who resigned from the St. Louis police force when authorities questioned his handling of the case, was sentenced to three years. He had been on the force 27 years. Elmer Dolan, 26. who was suspended from the force on which both his parents and a brother serve, was given a two-year sentence.    ... ...    . U.S. District Judge Albert A. Ridge said he gave Shoulders the longer term because he was the dominant character in the strange case. Shoulders and Dolan were con victed at separate trials earlier this spring of perjury in testimony given a federal grand jury that investigated the kidnapting The kidnapers—Carl Austin Hall and Mrs. Bonnie Brown Heady— who were arrested by the two policemen in St. Louis last Oct 6. have been executed for the murder of 6-year-old Bobby Greenlease. The boy was lured from an ex elusive Kansas City private school and shot to death last Sept. 28 But $303,720 of the ransom paid by Bobby’s multimillionaire father, Robert C. Greenlease. is still missing. And nothing in the court proceedings connected with the cask has shed any light on what hap pened to it. Attorneys for Shoulders and Dolan, pleading for leniency, argued today that this missing money was the “real phantom in the case and had influenced the juries to convict them. But Judge Ridge, while acknowledging that the missing money may be a background, ’ pointed out that the perjury convictions were based on the government’s charge that Shoulders and Dolan testified falsely to the handling of the money . . .** toriou* division* did at Dien Bien Phu. In these smali scale but fierce battles in the ali-important Red River Delta ricebowl, the French Union garrisons of some 160 men each have successfully hurled back the attacking rebel forces which have encircled them in a tightening grip for the past 15 days. Their guns, ammunition and food are parachuted to them daily. The French command here expressed confidence they could-with the aid of bomber and fighter support— hold against all assaults unless the Vietminh sharply steps up its attacking strength. From neighboring low-lying hills, the Vietminh poured constant mortar and machinegun fire into the little mud and wood forts at Yen Phu, Anxa and Coquan. These forts are part of a chain of defenses in the arc between the marketing center and road junction town Phu Ly on the main highway leading to Hanoi 30 miles northwestward and the textile towns of Nam Dinh and Thai Binh some 50 to $5 miles from The French continued to avoid bombing the immediate area around Dien Bien Phu while heli-copte* and small planes carried on with the job of evacuating the seriously wounded French I mon soldiers from the fallen fortress publicans on the subcommittee put their own position In writing, too. That is, to let the attorneys in the dispute—for the    subcommittee,    for Sen.    McCarthy    (R-Wis)    and    for the Army—look over transcripts of calls relating to the row. Mundt said their attitude is one of first things first. Where that issue will wind up was as much a question as what the role of McCarthy and his aides will    be after    hearings    reopen Monday. Some of the developments: 1.    McCarthy    said "I    will    be there” but “I make no promises” for how long. He left for a speech tomorrow night at Ft. Atkinson, Wis., in which he said he might announce “what we’ll do on Monday.” 2. The senator again rapped a secrecy order President Eisenhower has injected into the controversy. McCarthy said it amounted i to "taking the Fifth Amendment I —the constitutional guarantee that no witness may be compelled to testify against himself. The order forbids government officials to tes tify about talks among themselves relating to the McCarthy-Army case. McCarthy has said the order resulted in a "stacked deck.” I S. There were sign* McCarthy might try to prevent the *ubcom mittee from subpoenaing two ol his key aides, Roy M. Cohn and Francis P. Carr, if they and McCarthy decide against testifying. Eisenhower has said he won't relax or rescind hi* secrecy order and the senator said this will prevent his getting the truth about who initiated attempts to “smear” him and his lieutenants. 4. Foreign Operations Administrator Harold E. Stassen, who said Wednesday a McCarthy speech attacking administration policies on East-West trade was an effort to cover up the senator’s “sorry showing” in his tangle with the Army, told a news conference today: We need less headline hunters and more Eisenhower backers for the good of America.” 5. Sen. Gillette (D-Iowa) accused the investigations subcommittee of having violated constitutional rights of citizens under McCarthy's chairmanship. He told the Senate in a speech it has the power and duty to control or abolish the subcommittee. 6. Mundt said tonight that whatever the outcome of the McCarthy-Army ruckus, and in spit of ’’temporary trouble and difficulty,” congressional investigating com Seo DEMOS, Pg. t-A, CoL f Phantom Lake Reaches Peak Since 1951 Fort Phantom Hill Lake Is at its highest level since 1951 as a result of 1.02 biUion gallons of water pumped from the Clear Fork of the Braze» since May 11. , The billion-plus gallons of water put the lake to within about 7Mi feet of the top of the spillway, Curtis C. Harlin Jr., city water and sewer superintendent, said. In 1951 the lake was within five feet of the spillway, according to unofficial records, he said. Harlin said three pumps were started at the Clear Fork station about 7 a.m. Tuesday. They ran continuously until 6 p.m. and since then one or two pumps have been operated at dafferent tunes, depending on the water flow. Tbia accounted for 330 million gallons. Friday afternoon only one pump was in operation and it was expected to be shut off Friday night. Fort Phantom, with a capacity of 24 biJiion gallons, is nearly two-thirds full with 15.9 billion gallons of water. Lake Kirby contain* 1.1 billion gpitni)« as compared to it* capacity of 2.85 billion. Lake Abilene, with a capacity of 3.25 billion, ha* in it 1.12 billion. All three lake* contain a total of 18.12 billion gallons of water, Harlin said. He estimated this would last Abilene about 3tt years at its normal rate of consumption, ing evaporation. includ- House (ommltlee Okays MB Work WASHINGTON, May 21 <* -Fourteen Texas military projects were included in an 875 million dollar military public works construction program approved today. The Measure, passed by th« House Armed Services committee, authorized the construction but does not appropriato the money. The projects include Beaumont Army Hospital. $391,000; Fort Bliss $13,453,000; Fort Hood, $10,182,000; Abilene Air Force Base, $14,675,000 and Biggs Air Force Base, El Paso, $1,144.000 Red's Molotov Gives New 5-Point Indo Peace Plan THE WEMHER n 1 drpabtmknt or COMMSSTI WKATHEE BLEEAU ABILENE AND VICINITY -Partly cloudy and mild Saturday and Sunday. High temperature both days 99 to #0 Saar«* Low Saturday ni*ht near «5. WEST TEXAS—Partly cloudy and mild; acattered ahownra and thunderstorm* Saturday; Sunday, partly cloudy and cool- Fri. A. 67 66 . 6» . 64 . 64 . 64 . tit . 7» . 77 . 60 . n , •4 TEMPEBATIBES  1:»  1; JO  3:»  4:S0  5.30 ....... S» ...... 7:30  • :» .......9:30  10:30  U 30 Ml VH. P. *t. •7 «T a* as »7 •5 • I 78 77 uich and low temperatures lor »4 Sour« .nSed at » 30 » m •*    _ HISS and low temperatures asme date tut year: 101 and 79.    _ Sunset last night 7:94 p. m. Sunrise today » 3T a. m Sunset tonight 7:33 p. ar Jtarometer reading at 9:39 p. •. B.B Relative ham id tty at 9:19 p. 97 peg GENEVA, May 21 t^-Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov outlined to the Indochina conference today five points which he said constituted a basis for discussion of peace. But Western diplomatic sources differed over whether this signified that any progress has been made toward stopping the seven-year old war. One Western source said “definite progress” had been achieved although there was no cause yet for cheering. Another declared today’s four hour meeting—the longest yet on Indochina—"produced nothing.” A general consensus of diplomatic sources seemed to indicate that the delegates from the Big Four, Red China, the three associated states of Indochina and the Vietminh may be a little clearer tonight about what they will talk about at their next meeting Monday. The objective still being sought by the West is a cease-fire without political strings attached French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault proposed at the opening of the meeting that the conference take up points No. I and No. 5 of the French armistice plan and No. 8 of the Communist plan. Point No. 1 of the French armistice plan provides for the grouping of regular army units in zones of assembly to be determined by the conference on proposals from the commanders-in-chief in the field. No. 5 provides for the cessation of hostilities with the signature of any agreement reached here. Point No. 8 of the Communist plan refers to the same subjects, but has features objectionable to the West. It implies recognition of the Communist - created “resist ance governments” of Lao* and Cambodia. It provides that “both sides in each of the three states should “carry out a necessary settlement of territories and of the areas occupied by them ” It also include* the Vietminh proposal that the cessation of hostil ities be controlled by “mixed commissions composed of the representatives of the belligerent sides” in each of the three state* Molotov has indicated that be would support a neutral nations supervisory commission for thii task, but it is not clear whether he would give up these mixed commissions on a lower level. Such a provision would be unacceptable to the Laotian and Cambodian delegations One Western source found comfort in the fact that, for a while today, the delegate* rose above the procedural wrangle and discussed a cease-fire in substance. The same source said that there was also an effort on both sides to obtain more precise definitions of what the other side wanted. These points deal with the military aspects of an armistice, particularly the cessation of hostilities, the grouping of troops in predetermined zones and the question of reinforcements from outside. Red China’s Foreign Minister Chou En-lai had agreed earlier to the discussion of these points. But as the meeting progressed, the delegate* fell deeper and deeper into procedural argument!. ;