Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 21, 1954, Abilene, Texas
MILD"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron
VOL. LXXIII, NO. 338fr^ Tm XÏÏÏÏÜFTprTEXAS. FRIDAY MORNING. MAY 21, 1954-TWENTY-ElGHT PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc
Indo Peace Hopes Raise Af Geneva
GENEVA, May 20 uf) ■— Backstage conversations between East and West today raised some hope the Communists were ready to talk business on an Indochina peace. The United States appeared set to write off the nine-party conference here as a failure unless the Reds change their attitude.
The Reds reportedly were willing to proceed tomorrow with debate on a military armistice without pressing for recognition at Geneva of "resistance governments" of Laos and Cambodia.
French sources said Red Chinese Premier Chou En-lai made known this position in a private talk with British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, one of a series of big power huddles during the one-day rece:s in Indochina negotiations.
Chou was represented as saying the Communists would not abandon claims for recognition of the resistance movements, but were willing to set aside these claims temporarily to permit the conference to go to work on cease-fire proposals.
Western delegations were keeping their fingers crossed, having had previous experience with Communist gestures of seeming concession only to find that the obstacles remained.
They awaited renewal of the Indochina negotiations before pinning too much hope on whether the conference would really get down to the business of ending the hostilities.
New Zealand Wanis Help 01 British
WASHINGTON. May 20 (fW-New Zealand’s foreign minister T. Clifton Webb, said today he can’t “conceive of a satisfactory alliance” to block communism in Southeast Asia without Britain as a member.
Webb declined to answer reporters’ questions as to whether New Zealand would join such an alliance if Britain stays out. President Eisenhower said yesterday it might be possible to establish a workable arrangement without British participation, although it might not be as satisfactory as might be desired.
"W’e can’t sec Britain not want ing to be in.” Webb told newsmen at the State Department. “You are asking me to speculate on a situation which we don’t believe will arise.”
Webb conferred wHh Secretary of State Dulles for nearly an hour on Indochina developments. He also spent half an hour with President Eisenhower, with Dulles and New Zealand Ambassador Leslie Knox Munro sitting in.
Webb said the White House call was “purely social.”
The external affairs minister said his government wants military staff talks on Indochina to begin soon among representatives of his country, the United States, France, Australia and Britain.
Sen. H. Alexander Smith <R-NJ> predicted in an interview that Britain eventually will join any mutual security pact for Southeast Asia.
“They haven’t got a Chinaman s chance if they don't join in,” he said. "How would they protect Malaya and Singapore*’”
American officials said today that under no circumstances will the United States stop hoping and working for British inclusion in a Southeast Asia security pact.
SLIPPERS FOR THE QUEEN . . . little Jean hopes to walk again soon
QUEEN FOR A PAY
Gifts Galore Cheer Polio-Crippled Girl
Rebels (lose On French Della Area
HANOI, Indochina, May 20 French planes pounded Vietminh concentrations and convoys only 50 miles from the Red River Delta’s westerrunost defenses today as France’s top generals huddled here on strategy to keep the key bastion from falling to the Communist-led rebels.
Maj. Gen. John W. O’Daniel, chief of the U.S. Military Aid Advisory Commission in Indochina, planned to leave Saigon for Manila Saturday for conferences with Defense Secretary Charles E. Wilson. They will take up new aspects of the billion dollar U.S. aid program for Indochina in the face of new Red threats to the delta.
O’Daniel was expected to discuss with Wilson also a plan the general favors for American officers to participate in training a Vietnamese national army.
Helicopters and small planes continued to fly French wounded from Dien Bien Phu’s pockmarked airstrip. A total of 111 had been airlifted to date, with an additional 100 expected in today's shuttle flights.
The French announced the Vietminh may release a total of 753 of the 1,300 to 2,000 French Union wounded at Dien Bien Phu. The 450 casualties the rebels originally agreed to release would be the first removed.
The French still hope the Vietminh will permit repair and enlargement of the airstrip to make speedier evacuation of the casualties possible.
The air strikes concentrated on rebel units and convoys around Mocchau on provincial Route 41 along the Black River, a tributary of the Red. This area is well within range of French mortars at outposts on the Red River Delta’s western edge. The rebels were moving thousands of troops, artillery, and antiaircraft batteries eastward from Dien Bien Phu toward the delta.
As Row Witness
DEFENSE PACT ASKED
Lotins Seek Help Against Commies
WASHINGTON, May 20 ff< — Nicaragua raised the possibility today of invoking Western Hemisphere mutual defense and anticommunist pacts against a “well conceived Communist-type plan” in Central America.
Nicaraguan Ambassador Guil-
By WARREN BURKETT
Presents piled high Thursday evening for a little brown-haired girl in Abilene. She was “Queen for a Day,” and her presents made a stack that reached up the footboard on her wheel-chair.
For Jean Strickland, 4, it was a "just fine” party, which celebrated her fifth birthday, coming up June 10. The party also honored her spunk and spirit in carrying on her fight against polio. This month, two years ago, gray-eyed Jean was stricken with infantile paralysis.
Byrnes Cuts School Funds
COLUMBIA. S.C., May 20 Gov. James F. Byrnes today cut off state money for new public school construction contracts.
He called a June 10 meeting of the State Educational Finance Commission, in charge of South Carolina’s multimillion • dollar school equalization program, to determine:
“1. Whether under the Supreme Court decision (of May 17 outlawing racially segregated schools) the commission can continue making allotments under the existing law, and "2. Whether, even if it has legal authority, it should do so without having further authority from the I.«gislature.”
It left her unable to walk and confined her to a wheel chair. She has been in Abilene around six months, taking treatments in efforts to cure the effects of the disease. May 31, she and her mother go back to their home in Plain-view where doctors will perform an operation on Jean’s right leg in the hope that it will permit her to walk again.
Jean is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Strickland of Plain-view. Her mother is the former Dessie Phillips, daughter of Mrs. V. J. Phillips of 1442 State St. in Abilene, where mother and daughter have been staying.
Mrs. Strickland has been working at the Woolworth store here, and a fellow employe, Mrs. Juanita Ellison of 1701 Swenson St., was hostess tor Jean's "Queen for a Day” party.
The party was modeled after the television and radio show, and it was Jean who was picked from an "audience” of around 20 women from the store and children to be the “Queen” for the day. She was presented with a pink rosebud corsage, and her cake showed a little girl dressed in blue, seated beneath an umbrella. And there were sandwiches and punch for all.
Then came the presents for Jean, whose wheel-chair was no handicap to her agile fingers that lifted the tissue paper from each new “pretty.” Kor did it handicap her little girl’s smiles and laughter, thrilling at being just like any other little girl when it is her time to be “Queen for a Day.”
E<litoriols . ........... 4
Radio It TV log........IJ
Senate Group Okays Lower (osl Housing
WASHINGTON, May 20 (J^The Senate Banking Committee voted today to change national housing laws to allow buyers of low-cost homes to borrow down payments from third persons or groups who would act as cosigners on FHA-insured mortgages.
"This might prove to be very helpful to distressed and poor people and it should be a great thing in small towns,” Sen. Capehart (R-lnd), chairman of the committee, said.
The new provision would be confined to homes costing $6,000 or less, for which the present required down payments are no more than $300. Cosigners of mortgages would be responsible for the full amount of the debt in case of a default.
The Banking Committee is meeting behind closed doors to study President Eisenhower’s housing program and proposals made by federal housing officials to put an end to abuses of the present law.
lermo Sevilla Sacasa advanced the idea in a formal statement that mentioned among other events an arms shipment from Red Poland to leftist Guatemala which has brought expressions of concern from President Eisenhower, the U.S. State Department, and members of Congress.
Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee again called for "immediate consultation” among all the American nations on the arms shipment.
Senator Smathers (D-Fla> pro posed in a Senate speech that this country invoke the Monroe Doc trine against the shipment and “Communist infiltration into oth er Latin-American countries.” He, too, recommended "conferences with our neighbors,” on prosperity and development as well as mu tual defense.
The doctrine set up by President Monroe warns nations outside this hemisphere against attempts to colonize or extend "their political system” to North or South America.
"The countries of Suuth America are looking to us for a position,” Smathers said. “Mere statements of lofty purposes and high! sounding phrases will not do.” I
Wiley said that so far as he has heard the cargo of Communist arms Guatemala got from Poland is the “greatest ever to arrive at any port anywhere in the Americas.”
Sevilla Sacasa said the shipment-described by other diplomatic informants as including at least 30 carloads of fighting gear and ammunition—is "excessive” for Guatemalan needs and "threatens the peace of Central America
McCarthy To Altend Hearings
ASKS TALKS ON SEGREGATION
—Georgia Attorney General Eugene Cook, above, from Atlanta. Ga., invited attorneys general of states which have mandatory public school segregation laws to convene in Atlanta May 26 to seek legal means of preserving segregation in the public schools.
Pennsylvania Lad Wins National Spelling Bee
Aged Workers Income Okayed
WASHINGTON. May 20 (Jv-The security payments for those rnak-WAsmiNUiv . J rnmmit. inc uD to $1.000 3 year. One
House Ways and Means Comim tee today approved President Eisenhower's plan to permit retired workers to earn more income and still keep their social security pay-
estimate that more than a million aged workers, other-wise eligible, are barred now from receiving their social security Seeks ^ause of the present re-
*^The*plan also would permit millions of workers retiring in the fu-ture to supplement their social security payments with more earned
‘"?heTaw now forbids i^nsi^ payments In any month in which a
to employment covered by the »y«-tern
MW plan aUowi tuli »ociallaide income.
ing up to $1.000 a year. One month’s social security check would be lost for each $80 earned aliove $1,000.
Thus, for example, a worker could earn $1,800 a year and still draw two months’ social security payments.
Under both the present and the proposed new law, per.sons over 75 may draw their social security payments without regard to other earnings.
The theory of the restriction is that workers must actually retire from the labor force before drawing social security payments.
Many workers have complained, however, Uiat they were unable to live on their soqial security payments and they %eeded more out-
r. s. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BCREAC ABILENE AND VICINITY - Partly cloudy, continued mild Friday and Saturday. Th« nisht-time low* wiU b« near 65. and day time hl*ha near »6.
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly
cloudy with widely «cattered tnun-
derahowerc Saturday and In aouthweit Friday; warmer north Friday.
WEST TEXAS: Partly clouily and mild with widely acattered thunderahoweri Friday and Saturday. „ _
EAST TEXAS: Fair, ^
Saturday partly cloudy and mild with widely scattered showers: moderate aoutheast
“■'iSt™ "CENTRVI TEXAS, P.«l,
CloudV and mild through Saturday; w'ldely
scattered ahowere Saturd:*y; moderate to locally fresh east to southeaiW winds on coast.
Thurs.-A. M. 64
J:30 ............ «1
3:30 ........... »2
4:30 ............ »2
5:30 ............ 82
6:30 ............ M
7:30 ............ Tt
8:30 ............ I*
9:30 ............ 7«
10:3# ........... -
11:30 ........... —
fn . . 12:90
High ^ iow temperstures foi 34 hours
*”HlÄt*a*d Terairratïies sanie date
‘*Siii^*'^iaat“bÄ 7^ prn. •®*
day 5:97 a.m. SunoM tonight ’ N P m-Barometer readiag at 9:30 p m. »1^ Ralativa humidity at 1:30 p m. Id per «•at.
WASHINGTON. May 20 (4^Wil-liam Cashore, a tall, handsome boy who refused to be flustered by a bevy of tongue - twisters, walked off with the National Spelling Bee Championship today.
The 14-year-old honor student from St. Helena’s School, Center Square, Pa., outspelled 56 slightly sensational orthographers and wound up with the $1500 first prize.
After it was all over, William admitted that there were "a lot of them I couldn’t spell,” but that, lucky for him, those words went to other contestants.
The payoff word was "un-cinated,” which tripped William Kelley, an ll-year-old from eer-ing. Mo. after six hours of rugged spelling.
Young Kelley spelled it "un-sinated,” and Cashore, under the rules, was required to tackle it and then spell the next word cor rectly. He whipped right on through "uncinated” and "tran sept.”
Afterwards, young Cashore told reporters he had never heard the word, "uncinated,” before but "I guess I guessed right.” He said he was well acquainted with "transept.”
Those words, incidentially mean: Uncinated—Hooked, bent at the end like a fishhook.
Transept — One of the lateral members or projections between the nave and choir of a cruciform church
Kelley wound up with $300 for second prize, while Patricia Brown, 14. Birmingham, Ala., col lected $100 for third prize. She missed “miscible.” spelling it the way you would think it was spelled, “missible.”
All the contestants received gome prize money in the 27th annual bee sponsored by the Scripps-Howard newspapers and other American daily and Sunday papers. Cashore also was awarded a trophy and an extra $100 for a trip this weekend to New York,
where he will appear on Ed Sullivan's television show.
The long day was punctuated with an incredible number of words which it appeared no one except the judges ever had heard before.
Jeannie Sargent, 13, of Lowell, Mass., who placed fourth missed out, for instance, on "brachy-graphy” (stenography, or shorthand).
All told, five million youngsters competed for the right to appear in the national finals.
So you can see, it was quite a feat for young Cashore to win out. To prove that victory did not come easily, these are the words he spelled en route to his triumph: Secretary . . . piccolo ... in
cisor . . . barricade . . . accrete . . . bagatelle . effete
leprechaun . . . Pharisaical . .
heterogeneous . . enologism . . .
littoral . . . empiricism . . . abnegation . . ichthyology ... uncinated . . . transept.
Young Kelley, who has a chance to come back next year, was a disappointed young fellow, but he shewed himself to be quite a speller as he waded through this list: :
Puncture . . . incessant . . .
assimilate . . . vilify . . . lichen . . . emolument . equestrienne . . . exacerbate . . . insatiety .
espalier . peccadillo paradigm sacerdotal.
Costello New ^Irish Chiel In Big Vole
DUBLIN, May 20. (i)-Silver haired John A. Costello, Ireland’s Prime Minister from 1948 to 1951, displaced aged, nearly blind Eamon de Valera again tonight as the Irish Republic’s chief of government.
Voters in Tuesday’s générai election gave undisputed control of the Dail (Parliament» to a coalition formed and kept together by Costello. a leading Dublin attorney.
The voters rejected a bid by de Valera — only surving commandant of the 1916 Easter uprising against the British — to obtain majority for his Fianna Fail (Men of Destiny) party. Finna Fail ran against the field.
It was beaten and the 71-year-old New York-Born de Valera was headed out of the post he had held since 1937. except for 1948-51 when Costello was Prime Minister.
Three seats in the Parliament will be decided at a special election in Wicklow next week.
Final tabulations in Tuesday’s voting gave the parties this representation in the 147-seat Dail:
Fianna Fail 64, Independents 5.
Coalition Parties: Fine Gael
(United Ireland) 49, Labor 18, Clann Na Talmhan (Farmers) 5, Clann Na Poblachla (Republicans)
Fianna Fail suffered a net loss of only a half dozen seats. The republic’s political forces have been so evenly balanced, however, that this was enough to tip De Valera’s party from power.
WASHINGTON. May 20 WMSen. McCarthy (R-Wis) said tonight hi will be on hand Monday when thi Senate Investigations subcommittee resumes its televised hearing on his row with Army officials.
"I will be there,” McCarhy aaid. But he added that he could "make no promises” as to other steps hi might take in protest against a presidential secrecy order which, the senator contends, "stacks thi deck” against him.
Boycott Hfaited There had been speculation that McCarthy might boycott the hearing in view of President Eisenhower’s refusal to modify an ordef forbidding White House aides and other high officials to testify about a Jan. 21 meeting in which they discussed the Army’s troubles with McCarthy and assistants.
McCarthy contends thi* forecloses him in an attempt to inquire into the genesis of Army charges that he and aides brought improper pressure in behalf of favors for Pvt. G. David Schine.
Secretary of the Army Stevens has stated that he did n(X act on orders from any higher-ui», but on his own responsibility in bringing the charges.
Late today Sen. Mundt (R-SD), acting chairman of the subcommittee, said Stevens would be caUed back to the witness stand Monday and invited to repeat this statement under oath.
At the time Mundt talked to reporters, he had received no information from McCarthy as to the latter's plans.
Mundt did say the investigators have every expectation the investigation n(7w will be continued with out any lengthy delays such as the one this week.
Stevens Recalled It didn’t appear likely McCarthy would pass up this chance to cross-examine Stevens, his chief adversary in the long-standing row over “pressure" and "blackmaH" charges.
Mundt said Stevens will be recalled to testify on one matter only—the question of responsibility for the Army’s charge that McCarthy and aides sought by improper means to get favored treatment for a former subcommittee aide. Pvt. G. David Schine.
The Army secretary then will be subject to questioning on thi* point, Mundt said. Then the plan is that he will turn the witness chair back to Army Counsel John G. Adams, who occupied it when the hearings recessed three days age.
Stevens spent all or part of 14 days on the stand before he was excused for treatment of a virus infection.
Mundt said he looked for the Army to wind up its case, and give the McCarthy side its turn, some time next week. He said there was general agreement at today’s subcommittee meeting that the hearings can end in “a week or two weeks.”
loiIS RIJSINESS—The National all have serious expressions as they wait their turw.