Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 19, 1954, Abilene, Texas
CLOUDY®f* Silent ^ejportrt-Beto*"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIII, NO. 336
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 19,1954 —TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
WASHINGTON, May 18 -
President Eisenhower today asked for progress reports on coming moves to end public school segregation in the District of Columbia. Officials said the capital’s school system may be made a sort of pilot model to help guide the states in the historic switchover.
Many Southern leaders are up in arms against the Supreme Court’s ruling that it is unconstitutional to educate white and Negro children in separate public schools. Some have come close to open defiance of the decision.
Talks To Official Eisenhower talked at the White House with the Board of Commissioners for the District of Columbia. Afterward Samuel Spencer, president of the board, reported the President asked to be kept r touch with the progress made toward an integrated system here, where Negro pupils outnumber the white in public sc&ools.
Presidential aides noted that Eisenhower is on record as favoring an end to segregation in Washington. He feels, they say, that if successful plans are made for an integrated system in the District it might serve to smooth the way for the changeover elsewhere.
Predictions of “some intimidation” in parts of the South over the segregation issue came from Sen. Daniel (D-Tex). He said in a television interview, “The reason for segregation is to keep the peace. In some areas where we have hot-headed individuals of both races, we may have some intimidation.”
He added that Texas “is so proud of its public school system that it will keep it despite the Supreme Court ruling.”
Later, in a speech on the Senate floor, Daniel said that no matter how much “some of us” disagree with the decision, “We must look to the future with patience, wisdom and sound judgment to live under the law as it has now been written and at the same time preserve our public school systems and maintain peace, order and harmony.”
He said the “unprecedented decisions” in the cases “call for the best that is in all of us to assure the continuation of our public
school systems and our progress in good relations among the races in the 17 affected states.”
“There are those who feel that the decisions have sounded a t knell to the public school systems in certain areas of the country and others who believe that they supplant recent Southern progress in race relationships with intolerance and violence,” the Texan said.
“Mr. President, this should not be so.”
Daniel said he wanted to remind the Senate that the “separate but equal” doctrine did not originate in the South but in Massachusetts.
Speaking on the same TV program with Daniel, Walter White, executive secretary of the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People, said “The South is law abiding”. He acknowledged there would probably be “some discrimination” despite the decision, but discounted any prospect of t major controversy.
ARMS SHIPMENT — Underlined is the port of Puerto Barrios in left wing Guatemala where, the State Department said, “an important shipment of arms” from Communist - administered port of Stettin, Poland, is being unloaded. This is a “development of gravity,” the State Department felt.
Sentell to Serve Rest of Jail Term
SNYDER, May 18 — State Rep. C. F. Sentell announced Tuesday he will not appeal his contempt case to the U. S. Supreme Court, but will go ahead and serve out a jail sentence given him by Dist. Judge Sterling Williams.
Sentell, an attorney, served 33 hours of a 72-hour sentence before being freed on a writ of habeas corpus. On appeal to the Texas Supreme Court, Judge Williams was upheld. A writ of commitment, sending the state legislator back to jail, was held up by the high court of the state when Sentell signified his intention to appeal.
Sentell said he did not know when he will serve out his term. It will depend on arrival of papers from Austin.
In a formal statement to The Reporter - News Rep. Sentell explained his position:
Flash Floods Hit New Mexico Cities
ROSWELL. N.M., May 18 GfV-Vast areas of southeastern New Mexico’s drought country, hit for two days by deluges and tornadoes, dug out from under flash floods today and watched skies warily for more storms.
Roswell and Lovington, cities of 30,000 and 10,000, were worst hit by tornadic thunderstorms which poured three and four inches of rain last night and early today and inundated both communities.
Damage estimates ranged to one million dollars in Roswell and $1,500,000 in Lovington.
At least two-thirds of the homes in Lovington, capital of oil-wealthy Lea County, were flooded in some degree late Monday and early today as the torrential rains ran through the streets.
In Roswell, from 750 to 1,000 were forced to flee their homes early today when two separate rivers broke out of their banks for six hours. An estimated 400 were still homeless late today.
Tornadoes struck in both the Roswell and Lovington vicinities.
They were small ones and only ripped up telephone lines.
The Weather Bureau forecast more severe thunderstorms.
Roswell was declared a disaster area by Gov. Edwin Mechem. Maj. Gen. C. G. Sage, sf-de adjutant general, flew to take charge of cleanup activities.
Three Abilene couples, now living in Roswell, were reported well out of the flooded sections of town Tuesday night. They are Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Day and Mr. and Mrs. Hayden Greer with the Roswell Rockets, and Mr. and Mrs. Virgil Sowell.
“I have decided not to appeal my contempt case to the U. S. Supreme Court. The principle in volved would justify the appeal, but the cost of the appeal would be very high. And, although friends have offered to bear most of the cost, I do not feel like letting them do that.
“Many good lawyers have expressed an interest in trying to right an unsound procedure, not so much for me, but to prevent injustice to anyone who might become a victim under such circumstances and be left without adequate recourse as in this case under the court holding.
“The good Will of so many people who have known the facts is appreciated.“
The trouble between the district judge and the state representative happened during a civil suit trial last Oct. 26. Judge Williams held Sentell in contempt and fined him $100. A little later he sentenced him to the jail term.
Three of the Supreme Court justices disagreed with the majority and stated in their dissenting opinion that the holding of the majority was not the law in Texas, Sentell said.
“The effect of the majority opinion is that the judge can state conclusions and bind you by that alone,” Sentell said. “That was the main point in contention. Another point was that the writ of commitment was issued before the judge ever entered any order.”
Thomason Given Fine, Probated Prison Term
Oil .................. 4
Editorials .............. 2
Comics.............. - 3
Classified ads....... 4, 5
Radio & TV logs........ 6
Farm & Markets........ 7
RAINS CAME, SO DID BILLY
LOVINGTON, N.M.. May 18 (fi — William Albert Sheer Jr. born at 4:40 this morning, is doing fine. But his arrival in the world came after a hectic — to say the least — time.
Young Billy’s father and mother: Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Sheer Sr., started from their Lovington home last night. It originally had been plannned for Billy to make his entry in Hobbs.
But in the Lovington flood waters, the Sheer car got stalled. An ambulance was called.
The ambulance stalled. A police car was dispatched to the scene. And still another. Both of them suffered the same late.
Finally, a heavy four - wheel drive truck arrived and pulled ambulance and mother out. They made it to the clinic of Dr. H. W Gillett in Lovington, where the youuster was born.
Everyone — whew — is now reported getting along fine.
HAWLEV TEACHER HONORED—Mrs. Meredith Gentry was honored at Hawley Tuesday night for having taught 25 years in the schools there. In front of her are the gifts she received. At left is her husband and on the right is the Rev. J. R. Swindle, master of ceremonies. It was also the Gentrys’ 25th wedding anniversary. (See story on page 5-A. (Staff Photo by David Barros)
'No Effect' Next Year, Shivers Says
AUSTIN, May 18 <*v-The Supreme Court’s segregation decision will not have “one particle of effect” on Texas schools next year, Gov. Shivers said today.
The governor said he had received several telegrams urging that the Legislature be called into session at once to abolish the public schools.
Shivers said that was not the answer.
Problem to be Solved “I hope the people of Texas will approach this as a problem to be solved, and not say, ‘abolish the public schools’ ”, the governor said.
Urging a calm approach, Shivers said there was sure to be “violent disagreement and condemnation. People will bitterly condemn the supreme court, especially in a political year.”
“Thousands of problems will come up. How much effect the decision will have in Texas, no one could say now,” Shivers said. “The Supreme court hasn’t ended the problem. They started it.” Hopes For Time Shivers said he hoped ample time would be given the states affected to work out their solutions. He asked the State Education Agency yesterday to intensify its study of all the questions raised by the ruling that rubbed out racial lines in the schools, and be ready to make recommendations when the Legislature meets in regular session in January, 1955.
Peace Talks Still Stalled
GENEVA, May 18 <4*—East and West wrangled in secret for another three hours today but failed to break the deadlock in their negotiations for peace in Indochina.
An official screen of secrecy covered the talks, but a conference source said no progress on the major issues separating Western and Communist viewpoints had been made.
The dispute inside the conference room spread outside where French and V>etminh spokesmen, in separate news conferences, voiced recriminations about the breakdown of the arrangement for evacuating wounded from the fallen fortress of Dien Bien Phu.
The nine delegations engaged in the difficult negotiations — the Big Four, Red China, the three Associated States of Indochina and the Victminh — agreed to meet again tomorrow in secret. But the protracted bargaining gave little promise tonight of peace in Indochina.
One reliable source with access to the viewpoints of all delegations said not the slightest progress had been made in reaching a settlement. Another Western informant close to the negotiations said the West was faced with “complete Intransigence” on the part of the Communists.
V. 9. DEPART MI NT OF C OMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU
ABILENE AND VICINITY — Consider-ahl« ctouUlnewi Wednesday with uidHr scattered shower*. becoming partly clout)v Thruaday. Huh Wednesday and Thursday 70-75; tow Wednesday niyht 60-43.
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS — Partly cloudy through Thursday with scattered thundershower», mostly in the acutb Wednesday; no Important change*.
WEST TEXAS — Partly cloudy, widely scattered thunderstorms Wednesday in Del K to Eagle Paas area Tburaday; no Important change*.
EAST TEXAS - Considerable cloudlns*« and mild through Thursday with scattered thundenrh«*» sra mostly In the south; moderate variable winds, mostly southeast. on the coast.
SOUTH CKNTHAL TEXAS — Considerable cloudiness and mild through Thursday with scattered thowera and thunderstorms; moderate to locally treah. most-I ly southeast to east, winds on the coast.
64 63 63
1:30 3:30 3:30 4 30
5.30 6:30 7:30 «30 6:30
10.30 31:30 13:30
71 69 69
High and tow temperatures for 34 hours ended et C:3S p.m.: 71 and SO.
High end low temperatures same data last year. 31 and 36.
«unset last eight 7 li ».u». Swiriaa today 3.33 a.m. tournât tonight 7:33 pm.
Barometer reeding at 0:30 p.m. 63 par cent.
Jury Deadlocks In Second Trial
By GEORGIA NELSON Reporter-News Staff Writer
LUBBOCK, May 18—Raymond Thomason, Sr., convicted last week on an indictment for fraud, was given an 18-month probated prison sentence and assessed fines totaling $10,500 here Tuesday.
His attorney, Davis Scarborough, filed a motion to appeal the conviction and Thomason was held in custody by U.S. Deputy Marshal Clarence Luce until an appeal bond could be posted.
Judge Joseph B. Dooley set the bond at $5.000. Jack Boles, Abilene insuranceman, and Lynn Lee, housing developer, signed the bond with Thomason.
Judge Dooley pronounced sentence on Thomason after dismissing a jury thai was unable to agree on a verdict in a second trial Monday.
A jury last week found him guilty on a 7-count indictment and in the second trial he was charged in a 5-count indictment from which one was,—
stricken before the trial months on all of the seven alleged opened. Both indictments offenses together. In addition, were based on his filing al- Judge Dooley imposed a fine of legedly false statments with $1,500 in each of the seven counts, the Veterans Administration! He specified that the 18-month to obtain VA housing loans. '™ld •* 8Us^nded when
WOUNDED ARRIVE—A stretcher-borne casualty of the fighting at Dien Bien Phu is taken from a helicopter to a hospital at Luang Prabang in Indochina, after being flown out of the fallen fortress. So far, the French have been allowed to evacuate only a few of the many wounded in fighting against the Communist-led Vietminh rebels before the fortress fell to the Reds.
Lone Helicopter Carries Injured
HANOI, Indochina, May 18 A French high command spokesman said tonight a lone helicopter had shuttled 18 more seriously wounded French soldiers from Dien Bien Phu to Luang Prabang, Laos’ royal capital. Earlier French planes resumed their heavy bombing of key routes from the fallen fortress.
(In Geneva, Hoang Van Hoan, Vietminh ambassador to Red China, said French bombers had killed 15 French prisoners in strikes last night along provincial Route 41, main route east from Dien Bien Phu. Hoang blamed the French for breakdown of plans to evacuate the wounded.)
There was no indication whether removal of the 18 casualties signaled a resumption of the earlier plan agreed to by Vietminh for release of 450 wounded from Dien Bien Phu. Only 29 have been removed thus far including the 18. The number of French Union wounded at the fortress has been estimated at between 1,300 and 2,000.
As the French resumed their air strikes the high command spokesman said Vietminh units moving east from Dien Bien Phu were only about 50 miles from the southwestern rim of the Red River delta's defenses.
The spokesman said the planes had bombed, strafed, and destroyed rebel truck convoys around Mocchau, on Provincial Route 41
about 65 miles southeast of Son La and 50 miles west of HoaBinh. The delta’s defenses on the southwest are less than 10 miles from Hoa Binh, which is only 40 miles southwest of Hanoi.
Rip Big Gap«
Planes also ripped big gaps in the road between Tuan Giao, 27 miles northeast of Dien Bien Phu, and Son La, slowing up the movement of Vietminh troops eastward. Fighters firing rockets and ma-chineguns plastered the big Molotov truck convoys.
Machine Backed Candidates Lead
PHILADELPHIA, May 18 (*-Or-ganization-backed candidates rolled to an early lead in Pennsylvania’s primary election tonight with the Republican slate showing a comfortable margin and the Democrat party choice running into some difficulty.
A strong fight developed in the struggle for the GOP Internal Affairs Cabinet post nomination. In that battle, Mrs. Gaynelle M. Dixon, organization picked candidate, was a 4-3 leader over incumbent William S. Livengood Jr., of Somerset who decided to run again without party backing.
The foreman of the jury which Judge Dooley dismissed Tuesday morning reported to the court that the panel had been deadlocked 10-to-2 since the first ballot taken. The jury returned at 10:10 a. m. and reported to the court at 1:55 p. m.
A member of the jury said the vote was in favor of acquittal.
During the afternoon hearing in which Thomason was sentenced, Scarborough made an appeal to Judge Dooley that “justice be tempered with mercy.”
Scarborough pointed out that Thomason “started out on a shoestring” in 1942 and said that an estimate that he had made more than $2 million was excessive.
The defense attorney went on to say that after going into bankruptcy in a former business venture Thomason afterwards made full restitution to his creditors. He added that Thomason now owes approximately $30,000 to the government in taxes, which he is paying on an installment plan.
Seeking to offset Scarborough’s appeal for a light sentence, U. S. Dist. Atty. Heard L. Floore told the court that out of 235 of Thomason’s housing transactions investigated by the VA none was found to have “a completely clean record.”
Scarborough insisted that in 13 months of investigation “many of the paper profits” of the defendant “have burst into thin air.” Under questioning by Judge Dooley and after consulting with Thomason, Scarborough told the court that in March, 1953, the defendant had a net worth of $1 million.
Never Wronged Any Man
When asked by the court whether he had anything to say for himself, Thomason stated:
“Mr. Dooley, never in iny life have I intentionally wronged any man. I’ve tried to live right in my community and never be hurtful, sir.”
The sentence imposed was 18
and upon condition that the total fine is paid within 30 days from the date of sentencing or within 30 days after the conviction becomes final on appeal.
The court further stipulated that when the fine is paid, if the conviction is affirmed on appeal, that the defendant be placed on probation for two years.
WHERE IT RAINED
Total for Year .......
Normal for Year .....
909 Hickory St........
1450 Clinton ...........
1829 S. 8th ...........
857 EN 13th ...........
LAKE ABILENE ........
5 miles West of lake ..
10 miles Northeast ....
BUFFALO GAP ........
COLORADO CITY ......
North of Loraine ......
MARY NEAL ..........
ROBERT LEE ..........
.... 1 30
10 miles Southwest . ..
Lake Abilene Gains 2 Feel
Lake Abilene caught an additional 2.1 feet of water from the rain Monday night and Tuesday. That “catch” equaled 210 million gallons.
Curtis C. Harlin Jr., city water superintendent, made the report.
He said this was the only one of the three municipal lakes to get water from the Monday night and Tuesday rainfall. The others— Kirby and Fort Phantom Hill-wili not benefit, he added.
Total stored in the three city lakes now is 17.84 billion gallons, Harlin said.
He considers that a 3 Mr year supply for Abilene.
Amount in each lake is: Fort Phantom Hill 15.6 billion. Kirby 1,12 billion, Abilene 1.12 billion.
One pump at the Clear Fork pumping station operated briefly Tuesday. However, this added to Lake Fort Phantom Hill only a negligible amount of water, Harlin said.
Big Spring Floodwaters Drain; More Rain Likely
Sunny skies Tuesday afternoon allowed most of the floodwaters to drain off flooded sections of Big Spring. Water was out of most of the 100 houses, the Texas and Pacific Railway tracks were visible again, and highways were passable.
Big Spring streets were washed as badly as at any other time in the past 15 years, City Street Superintendent R. V. Forsyth said. He said the damage was not as bad as during the 1933 flood, due to added pavement.
Lakes across West Central Texas caught waters Tuesday from the Monday night and Tuesday downpours which spotted the area. Sweetwater received 2.10 in the twfrday period, and Lake Sweetwater went up about two feet and was still rising from heavy flow in Bitter Creek. Oak Creek Lake was up .57-foot to hold approximately 20,000-acre-feet, Biggest rise was on Lake Trammell, up five feet and only 10 feet below spillway level.
Lake Abilene caught 11 feet of water from the rain, equivalent
See picture, page 1-B
to 210 million gallons in the estimate of Water Superintendent Curtis C. Harlin, Jr.
Abilene’s rainfall total for the year stands above normal for the city. Total rainfall to date is 8.29 inches. Normal for the period is 7.50.
Forecast for the Abilene area was for widely scattered showers Wednesday.
Taylor County Farm Agent H. C. Stanley called the local rain “more of a good thing.”
Two fires were reported in Big Spring during the flood. A residence burned to the water level in the flooded area, with firemen unable to reach the blase through the high waters.
Another fire broke out in the basement of the Southern Ice Co. Gasoline-filled drums floated on the rising water and spilled. The gasoline caught fire on the water and burned the building. Firemen put out the fire with little damage,
said Newsman Joe Pickle.
In far West Texas toward El Paso a three-hour rain and hailstorm damaged the cotton crop. Stores and homes in Fort Hancock were reported in as much as a foot of water after the storm.
In the San Angelo area floodwaters raced down the North Concho River to the new North Concho Lake. The waters came mostly from overnight torrential rains in the Garden City area of Glasscock County. The fall measured 1 inch at Garden City and up to 3*«) indies east, south and north of the town. Downstream Sterling City had .15 of an inch. The rains extended south to Sonora where .75 of an inch fell and to Robert Lee to the north, where 3.90 inches fell.
Rainfall reported for the 24 hours ending Tuesday at 8:30 p.m. included 1.02 at San Angelo, .93 at Del Rio. .55 at Abilene, .54 at Lubbock, .05 at Amarillo, .02 at El Paso and Wichita Falls and traces at Fort Worth, Laredo and Marfa.
Light rains fell at Laredo and
Del Rio Tuesday night.t.