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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Pearl Hotbor Moy Quota May WITHOUT OR W.TH OFFENSE TO.WENDS OR FOES WE SKTCH TOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS MORNING VOL. LXIII, NO. 336. A TOAS TEXAS FR1DAYMORNING. MAY 19, 1944-TWENTY FOUR PAGES azi N________ 'Americans, Chinese Seize Burma Base Airdrome JAPS TAKEN BY SURPRISE 'THROUGH 20-DAY MARCH A SOUTHEAST ASIA HEADQUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, Tvlav American and Chinese in- fantry under Brig. Gen. Frank Merrill seized the southern airdrome of the big Japanese north Burma base of Myitkyian yesterday after a spectacular 20-day forced march over- 1U miles of perilous terrain, and immediately began shelling itself, Allied headquarters announced today. J r The maneuver took the Japanese by surprise and threatened their entire posi- tion in northern Burma. The airdrome Is only two miles from Myltkyina. largest city In northeast Burma and a major ob- jective ol Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Sill- well's effort to reopen an overland route to China. Merrill's surprise stab from Ihe south behind Japan- ese lines -may change the entire complexion of Ihe-vvar In Burma.' The airfield was taken virtually Intact by three columns of Chinese and -Americans, bringing the Im- portant enemy base under siege. The ground troops were supported by landings of American engi- Wakde Surprise tost Nips Most JDf Island Group ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Tx'ew Guinea, Friday, May 19 (AP) The bulk of the islands, Japanese air bases, and a rapidly expand- ing beachhead on nearby Dutch New Guinea were seiz- ed Wednesday and Thursday 0by Americans leapfrogging 120 miles beyond Hollandia in a twin amphibious opera- tion covered by warships and planes. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, uen. LKjugias nii- the one-two, strike today, forecast the.'early talipot the re- maining Dutch New Guinea lerrl- lory between him-and his avowed return to tho'Philippines; v AV Despite the warning the Japanese been given by incessantialr at-' tacta, the invaders effected surprise and suffered'ohly'llght casualties. The Invasion experienced soldiers first went ashore at Toem on the mainland, two. miles south of Wakde, Wednesday. The landing was without opposition there and today's communique said the Japa- nese were "completely surprised." A few hours laler, amphibious forces landed under air and Q naval cover on Insoeraanai, the smaller and more southerly of the two Islets forming Ihe Wakdc group. No Japanese were found there. Guns were set up and btjan firing on Wakde (Insoemocarl lying across a narrow channel. At 8 a. m. Thursday morning, another invasion team struck di- rectly at Wakdc. Enemy pillboxes and other defenses on the beach nl overcome shortly with the help might of strafing planes, light naval units base and rocket fire from landing boats. By 8 o'clock last night, the Amer- icans' had advanced against sniper fire to the southern edge of the airdrome. When they attempted to cross the coral strip, they encountered heavy mortar fire. At last reports, they still were attempt- ing to quell it. The two day operation cost the invaders four killed and 28 wound- ed. 4 At the same time, Thursday, other American invasion forces on the mainland spread out east and west of their original landing point. These movements too were carried out agsinst "trifling opposition." A The multi-pronged enterprise, "which General MacArthur said pre- sages "reccnquest of Ihe entire pro- vince." followed the now familiar pattern for southwest pacific Inva sions. The supporting air attack and naval bombardment were imple- mented by a rocket gun barrage Then successive waves of barges first light ones, subsequently larger troop and supply carriers, hit the mainland. Many of the barges were beached with some difficulty on Ihe steeply sloping shoreline but there was no material tion of the Invasion schedule American artillery was em gHUCl ----u- neers and transport landings by Chi- nese occupying troops. Led personally by the jungle-seasoned Marauders ant American-trained Chinese troops seized the airdrome in a climax to a 700-mile winding trek afoo through- jungles and mountains which Merrill's Marauders and Stil well's-Chinese began last Februarj Trie-Americans and Chinese, tra versing the most formidable rout over mountain peaks towering mile and more Over the Mogaun valley floor, left Kamaing and th to-s-n' of Mogaung to be cleaned u or to .fall. Collapse of the ee'fith dlvisiorf, ,wit other'enemy forces now-hajrging.o in--northern-Burma, was anticipa ed, i -The deep thrust placed .the Ame lean and Chinese columns only I miles away from the Chinese Sa ween drive against numerically i ferlor Japanese defenders. The objective .u lo seek a final link for a new Burma mat to China, bul il was pointed out that Junction ot the two forces would not be easy. Once the junction Is effect however, ;iie Lecio and Burma roa can be linked, and blockaded Ch can be connected with India by ov Constitution: land route, instead of by tenuous lt Kils deciared line. A southeast Asia headquart command spokesman pointed out that the Immediate importance of the Allied push southward lay in protection of the nir field and of the hump route on which Myitkyina might become a useful intermediate Martial Law in Istanbul LONDON, May aw was imposed at Istanbul today because of unconstitutional activ- ties of the Turkish pro-Nazi or- "Pan which caused public demonstrations, said an Ankara broadcast tonight re- corded by the British ministry of .nformation. The radio snid a number of Pan- Turanian leaders had been arrested and charged with against that the Pan- Turanian "made use of ciphers and codes in communications with its members." 'While there is yet no direct ciples." The radio proof they are working under direct ontrol ol a foreign the oroadcast said, "indications are the organization was a pro-German one rased on racialism and Fascist prin- said Pan-Tiiranlan leaders lately had been up a nation-wide organization, pre- paring plans and signing agree- ments aimed at overthrow of the present regime" in neutral Turkey. If added the army had made sev- eral raids at Istanbul and Ankara on premises occupied by Mihal Ab- dul, a newspaper owner, and had seized documents disclosing the or-, ganization's ramifications and ac- Jap Counter-Attack in Salween Failure CHUNGKING, May W> Chinese troops have hurled back determined Japanese 'counter-at- tacks In the sweeping Salween nv- er offensive aimed at juncture with Chinese-American forces in Burma, and have tighlened the prongs of a pincers threatening an enemy- held stretch of the Burma road, the gh command announced today. Chlaotou on the Shwelt river was ccupled in a stab by the northern aw of Ihe pincers, while Chines ucrrillas In the southern arm cap urcd strategic Hpinaw pass, 1 miles east of Lungling on Ite Bur ma road, a communique announced The communique said the Japan so defenders of Chlaotou, 33 miles wrth of the key Japanese base a Tengchung, suffered 400 casuallie n the surprise attack which pre ceded the occulatlon. Fierce fighting continued to th north in the Salween. offenslv where the Japanese bitterly con tested a Chinese bid for Manie pass. The pass lies 40 miles nortl northeast of Tengchung, and th communique added il was by-par by the Chinese in their advance ward Ihe Ehwell river. The com munlque said the town of Mamie kuan, guarding the pass, was ta en yesterday afternoon. SWEEMER SOLDIER PALS dNITED IN IEMPLE HOSPITAL ivltles, dispatch from Ankara yester- day- disclosed that a considerable number of arrests had been made quietly throughout Turkey in an effort to break up-an allegedly Nnzi-finaiiced society known as the 'Gray Wolf." Authorities said It was stirring up trouble among stu- dents and olhers. Several apparently unrelated demonstrations in recent weeks were attributed by police to the "Gray Wolf" the dispatch id. (It was not brought out whether any ties exist between the two or- ganizations. However, Turkey's dls- ontinuancu. by Allied demand, of Ploesti, Other Balkan Centers Heavily Bombed LONDON, May The Allied heavy bomber as sault on Hitler's Europe wa resumed today with a slron American blow from Italiai bases on the much-baltere Romanian oil and rail cente of Ploesti, on rail yards the Yugoslav capital of Be grade and on the key Yugo slav railway junction of Nis Flying Fortresses and Liberate flew 600 miles to Ploesli and abo 350 miles to reach the other Iw targets, running Into Nazi fighter which the Berlin radio said resulted In air battles over both Romania and Yugoslavia. Lightn- ing, Thunderbolt and Mustang fighters accompanied the bombers. The far-flung attack, which on the basis of recent operations proba- bly numbered up to bombers and fighters, broke a four-day lull in the Allies' month-long aerial pincers from Britain and the Medi- terranean against the heart of Eu- rope. The big oil refineries and rail- way yards at Ploesti were the tar- gels there, but weather conditions prevented observation of results. Returnlnc crews reported good results at Belgrade and Nls, Ihe lailer a junction 130 miles southeast of Belgrade from which Ihe mall railway from tbe north splits to serve Istanbul on the east and Alhrrii on Ihe wtsl. The line Is of strate- gic importance lo the Bal- kans. The blow at Ploesti was against supplies for the Russian front. It was recently announced at Allied Mediterranean headquarters that the previous Ploesti raids had cut the output, there by 15 percent. With channel skies still murky, the British end ol the aerial offen- sive ran through a fifth Jay of lull. Not'since the-middle of February have and British aid forces been compelled to spend so many consecutive days of Idleness. The RAF, surveying (he dam- dont by the Allies' strate- gic borrtblng campaign aimed at causing Ihe Germans crucial shortages wteks and months from now, reporled {hat the Ruhr city of nusselrlorf could be practically crossed off the Nazis' list of assets. The first operation reporled from British bases on Thursday was a sweep lale in the day over north- ern France by Typhoons. Mustangs and Spitfires of the Allied expedi- tionary and Royal Air Forces, road transport and barges on the Seine were strafed and pilots reported lit- Blasted GUS1AV LINE WIPED GUI; PRIZE 'CHUIISIS MEN ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May r1 Cassino and Formla. twin anchors of the German defense belt across central Italy, have f aUen.before the grea Aihed belt across cciurai offensive which began a ago today w d; American troops are ripping iitto the Adolf Hitler Line to- night at a point only 35 miles from the Anzio beachhead and 65 miles from Rome. British and Polish troops stormed the shattered town of Cassino and dominating Monastery hill behind it earljMo- day, capturing prisoners and wiping out 'he cream of the "Green Devils" first parachute division which had de- fended the stronghold fanatically since January._________ Shortly before sundown to- night a small group of British and Polish officers walked up a 30-foot heap of rubble and planted the flags of their countries atop the ruins of the Benedictine monastery, in which the Nazis held out so long. American troops captured Formla to be the coastal anchor of Adolf Hitler from nearby hills American big guns Beneficial Rain' Falls Over Wide Farm Territory Rain fell over a wide strip of West Texas last night, acroa water from Formla. Masses bringing relief to stockmen of abandoned Nail equipment were anci farmers alike in the ter> falling to Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark s ritory north and west of Abi- lene. hard rain started falling In .ng forces. "The Gustav Line now has ceased fo declared an Allied announcement. "T h e enemy lias been completely out- maneuvered by Ihe Allied ar- mies In Haly xxx. Troops of Ihe Elghlh Army have fought their way forward In the !.lrl valley and during Ihe last 24 hours de- veloped a decisive plnctr move- ment which cut highway 6 (leading from Cassino lo Rome) and so prevented Hie withdraw- al ot Ihe enemy.'1 The bag of German prisoners mounted to more than 6.000 since A ____ Abilene at 11 p.m. The rainfall was reported as fir northwest as Snyder where the pre- cipitation was measured at it Inch it 6 p.m. The Haniltn sector which particularly dry received a hard rain around snd It was still raining there shortly before mid- night. The rainfall at Hamlln WM estimated at about an Inch. Aspermont also got R heavy rttn, as did Rotan, Stamford and Hu- kcll. Sweetwater received tis first rtln since April 15. Farther west tt the drive to destroy tho Co.oratto Crty scattered showers'fell forces in Italy began. Mountains ot 7 to 10 p.m. and the rain Nazi equipment were strew across _, a'd but this'side of Big Spring, the battlefields In Hie wake of the r No raln .had tcen repprted east swiftly advancing Allied "mlfi. -Abllenet-at, Alttany.pr Balrd Clark's alone had cat- late f, lurtd material' equivalent lo two Al Sny-dcr hall'stones artillery' much of U In bul was to be llgflt. perfect condition-ill advancing up h H L t to 15 miles from its slarling points. S Aspcrinont. French colonials In the center of A' heavy ram started falling '-In 25-mile battle line captured Esperia. tiie Lake Abilene area around a fortified outpost of the Hitler pm and apparcnlly was general Line, and seized Monte Lago, a mile lne. southwest part of Taylor to'lhe west. Just north ol Esperia couniy. they were engaged in a bitter fight for Monte D'Oro. tin a broadcast perhaps designed to soften tho Impact ot further re- treat, the German radio Thursday declared that Hie Hitler Line was the "mere invention of Anglo-Amer- ican docs not ler chrome shipments to Germany ave created tension between Ber- n and Ankara and Hitler may lave called for the use of under- jround pressure in an attempt to nttmldnto the Turks.) TEMPLE, May IS-OTV-Boyhood i lends. Pvt. Wiuefred N. Woodard nd Pfc. L. D. Smith of Sweet- ater, were in the 36th divlsicn lo- elher. same company, same squad. On a landing barge headed for he beach nt Salerno last Sept. 0, hey met Lew Jenkins., former box- ng champion, also of Sweetwater. ho was a member of the Coast Guard. The hometown reunion did not ist long. Smith, felled by machine un fire, lost his left leg. Woodard without, knowing whether his buddy was alive or dead, fought on. Three months later. Woodard re called in the hospital here- today artillery shell had my address. He tost his left leg.. When Woodard arrived at Ihe hospital here he found Smith net- ting around on leg. "This sure beats ex- claimed Woodard. 'Give me one of these artificial legs and well s.tart all over again." The two veterans visited another cCloskcy patient, their platoon sergeant, Sgt. Leonard Teston. who wounded by machine gun fire, from Swectwatcr. too. Private Woodard1 Is the son of and Mrs. J. H. Woodard, and Private Smith U the son of Mr. ar.d Mrs.' J. F. Smith. Sergeant Tcs- on's parents are Mr. and Mrs. G W. Teston, formerly of Sweetwater but now of Roscoe. Ballinger Man Killed in Italy BALLINGER. May Pfc James E. Powers, 33, died I Italy May 1, the War department notified his parents. Mr. and Mrs. E Powers, who reside In the Hillcrest edition, Friday. No details of his death were In- cluded In the message, but In a let- ter dated April 24. Private Powers had said that he hoped to be o-.it tle aerial opposition. Two Messer- schmltt fighters were destroyed. Unconfirmed by Allied announce- ments, a Berlin broadcast said at least 25 heavy bombers were de- stroyed In the Balkan raids. Avery Files Libel Suit; Asks Million CHICAGO. May L. Avery, chairman of Montgomery Ward Co., today sued Marshall Field, publisher of Ihe Chicago Sun, for alleging Field "ma- liciously published untrue, false and defamatory statements" about Avery and his business. Avery's complaint slated the Sun "acclaimed the action of the ad- ministration and violently attacked" Avery for seeking to "protect and defend the properly of the Mont- gomery Ward' company from un- lawful seizure" by Ihe federal gov- ernment April 20. ._____ [Colonel Convicted TEXARKANA, May Raymond Marsh, former command- ing officer of the Red River ord- nance depot, wss found guilty ou 11 of H charges at a general court martial here today. Ihe Weather exist any system of positions with this To British Iroops wcnl Ihe official credit for capturing Cassino ami overcoming Its stubborn defenders. To the Poles went credit for over- whelming .Monastery hill above it. With Ihe capture of Cnsslno and Formla at opposite ends of the bat- tle line, the Allies were firmly as- tride both main highways to Rome, the Via Caslllna and Ihe Applan way. American troops who chased the enemy from 4.500-foot Monte Ruazzo north of Formla were last reported within Iwo miles of Ilri four miles northwest of Formla and It appeared likely they had closed In on that town. American and British warships continued to rake the Germans In the Gacla and Itrl areas from the action by May 1. A radio operator. Private Powers Film Stars Secure License to Marry HOLLYWOOD. May 18-Wi-Mo- dlth 36 former film and stage ac. license to U S DEPARTMENT OV COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABIM'.NE AND VICINITY: Pirllj cl.odt r.AST TT.VAS: P.tllr Trid.r >nd Silurdiy, icilltred cont. 1VF.ST TEXAS: Silordir. slTQnt wlnii. TEMPERATURES Thor. AM Wtd. !l IB I Th'nr. PM IVfd. KK sea. Germans on the Anzto beachhead front released water trom the Al- ban hills reservoir today and caused a small Hood In Spaccnsassl creek In the central sector near Padig- lione. The creek level ros- about a foot. (The Germans apparently Hoped lo inundate the creek bottoms, to bog armor and slow up patrols In any Allied offensive thrust in that area.) For Ihe first time this week. Ger- man Ions-range artillery shelled the port of Aiu.io this afternoon Winters Votes New Water Bond WINTERS, May ters citizens in a special HOO.OOO bond Issue election today voted by1 he overwhelming majority of 371 lo 5 to build an artificial lakevto bocsl the city's water supply. Already plans have been drawn for an artificial lake to cost around and to be built on three sites picked by Winters city officials. Mayor T. A. Smith said tonight. that the first choice is a site five illes east or town on Elm creek. The mayor said Ihe new lake will supply enough water to care-for town of 5.000 persons and would eliminate the city's dependency upon an outmoded lake north of here which is dry much of Ihe time. Winters last summer had a criti- cal shortage ot water and during he winter the city was forced to rely on a dozen shallow wells that ailed to pump enough water to even keep the mains full. Since summer Winters residents. have depended upon private ck- terns or have Imported water from wells in the country. ind U Woman to Preside HOUSTON, May the first time in Texas Republican his- tory a wcman may prfjlde at the G. O. P. stale convention. Customs Pay Bill Passed by House WASHINGTON. May The House today amended and re- turned to the Senate legislation au- thorizing the government to pay overtime for holidays and Sundays to customs Inspectors at Interna- tional tunnels and ferries. Extension ol the bill's provisions to customs collectors at highway ar.d airport ports of entry were written into the measure prior to, House passage. bcch w some c e wo veer m r ag lie nse o- ]1otjsTON May te o cusoms agstj-is- H'I'SSr- 0 See WAKTIE. Page 5, Col. en yesterday afternoon.__________ Pruate IN 11 I 1 1 .Bombing Peak Not Yet Reached, Arnold Declares; Opposition Dwindles to Halt IWMIWHiVJ _ _ _______, uncn we undertook WASHINGTON, May 18.-WV- Reporting the. destruction of 20.1H enemy planes by the Army. Air. Forces against a loss of 6.1 M In two ar.d a half years of war, den. H; H Arnold today declared the sus- tained bomber offensive over Eu- rope has not leached Its peak. Gcr.nan fighter defense forces by Allied bombeYS have dwindled by nearly 50 percent, the Air Forces commander said whereas "we can maintain our peak strength in planes, in men and in supplies." Arnold said he 4M not and didn'l believe anybody else Germany could be. knocked out ft the war by bombing; alone. "However." he added, "we hope o get a pretty good Idea of what can be expected in future air op- erations." Despite the Intensity of the bat- tle In Europe, Arnold said Air For- ces operations In Ihe Pacific have been Increased, although he added that strategic bombing io far fit ths Pacific theater" because of the necessity of long overwater flights. Army Air Forces operating in Ihe Pacific and Asiatic theaters sank 320 469 tons of Japanese shipping during Ihe first four months of this year, he reported. The biggest single month was January, when 159.104 tons were sent down. A box score presented by lne general at a press conference disclosed that from Dec. 7, 1911, Ihroufh Hay 15, 19H, the Air Forces In aerial combat had destroyed enemy planes probably destroyed 650 and damaged 5.546, anrl In iddilion had destroyed K_____, destroyed 31) and damaged 1.13J on Ihe jrmind. Losses lor Ihis period were 5.- 718 combal planes In the air, 236 combal planes on Ihe Uround, and approximately 200 non-combat aircraft lost In enemy acllon on the ground or In the air. Bombers of the Air Fcrces drop ned 468.391 tons of bombs during this Arr.old said that "mere tonnage dropped dosn't mean anything." "Unless you hit the target, you have just wasted Ihe he added. "O.ir method of bombing makes it possible lo drop the bombs on lne target Insofar as It Is pos- sible to do precision bombing.' The sustained bombing offensive against Germany, he said, has cut German aircraft production to one fourth of enemy plans. So far as present combat strength of the Luftwaffe Is concerned, Arnold said he believed It was approximately the same as it sit months ago, but that the Germans no longer had f.ny reserves to speak of. The basic aim of the offcn- ,slve has been to destroy the Gcr- Irnan air force, he said, and "we realized when we undertook tha problem that we had lo get them In the factories. In the modification centers, the depots, the flying [fields and In the air." Arnold would not how the Air Forces would be employed In Ihe invasion of Europe, how they plan I" use the new B123 super bomber, or other matters directly concern- ed with present or forthcoming miliUry operations. On a map of strategic bombing targets In Europe, he called attcn I the lowlands in France had not occn marked, and said the reason was military security." Arnold said the Gcmur.5 have been forced, by the damage to their air force, to decide whether they will defend their Industries against bombing attacks and save their planes for the Invasion, or send up fighters against the bombers and suffer losses which they cannot re- place. In consequence, he said, the Ger- mans defend orly such targets as they deem vital. Anticipating questions about the a out of the war, Arnold said don't know what an air force can- "There never been force consUucled In the world air force hid the power Ihil we now have lo use acalnst he said. "Can we knock Germany out of the war- Can we break the morale of her people? I don't know, and. I don't believe anybody else knows. However, we hope to get a pretty ow, good idea of what can be expected, in future operations.'1 f. ;