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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 16, 1954, Abilene, Texas Partly Cloudy, WormWiit ^Wlene toorter-iBtftoi SUNDAY"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron VOL. LXXIII, No. 333 Associated Press (ÁP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 16, 1954—FIFTY-SIX PAGES IN FIVE SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc ^ 'i .LUlWiu #J ^ V ■amgmvwaMBb'^^ xc w-i av '^<imstmw. wkj m’t «*    —    BACKBONE OF WEST TEXAS—Water, grass, horses and ic of the conditions in this area following recent general cattle provide this area with much of its economic sup- rains which changed the business outlook froni one of port. This picture taken Saturday near Abilene is symbol- near despair to optimism. (Staff Photo by Bob Gulley) WEST TEXAS BOUNCES BACK; N O. 1 Optimism Prevails Here As Rains Chase Drought Thomason Ruled Guilty of Fraud DULLES REPORTS Atom Pool Plans Are Deadlocked By KATHARYN DUFF Reporter-News State Editor West Texas has done an economic right-about-face in the past 30 days. The first part of April sand was rolling. Pastures were wasteland end ranchers were wrestling with feed bills. Fanners faced another short crop. City lakes were dwindling. It took a hardy businessman to be optimistic, even with the great benefits coming from the oil industry. Then, a month ago it started raining — not the spotted storms NEWS INDEX SECTION A Bustnett Outlook  . . 4 Oil news    .    10-11 SECTION B Crocks in Schools........1 Disoster Scropbook.......2 City Hall Boot.......... 3 Editorials ............ 10 Books . .     11 SECTION C Fun on Horseback........1 Art Exhibit ............ 2 YWCA Calendar ........6 Fashionably Speoking 8 Newcomers .      9 Hollywood Boouty .....12 Amusoments ....... 10-11 SECTION D Sports .............. 1-5 Form news............ 11 Church news.......... 12 Radio Ir TV log........12 which have brought most of the moisture the last few weeks, but general soaking rains. By May 12 rainfall for 30 days measured from six to eight inches. Submoisture was built up. Stock tanks filled. City lakes began to look like lakes. Suddenly, the whole picture has changed. Effects of the drought-breakers have spread throughout the business community. Abilene leaders in various phases | of our economic life were a.sked this week to look at the situation and see how we now stand. Their conclusions: 1. Crop and range prospects are the best in years — maybe 20 years. 2. That makes general business prospects excellent, since our economy is primarily based on the land and its products. 3. Everyone — from the grocer to the college president — can feel already the effects. Partly, this is psychological, “people just feel more optimistic." Partly, it is actual. More money is being turned loose. Don Wooten, head of Wooten Grocers, wholesale firm, explained that the changed attitude about the business future is very evident on the retail level. The feeling has spread to the wholesaler. “We are optimistic because all SAYS TAYLOR AGENT: Prospects Excellent Here For Cotton, Groin, Gross Taylor County Farm Agent H. C. Stanley gave this summary this week of the crop and range prospects for this part of West Texas: COTTON — Best subsoil and surface moisture in several years. Acreage will be reduced under allotment program. Very little planted to date. Usual planting season, May 10 to June 10. Can plant until June 20. POSTMASTER SAYS Demos Produced Indochina Crisis FRENCH LICK. Ind., May 15 (ifi —Postmaster General Arthur E. Summerfield today laid at the door of Democratic administration predecessors the blame for policies which “produced” the present-day crisis in Indochina. What has happened in the strategic Southeast Asian country, the Eisenhower Cabinet member declared. “is a tragic legacy of Communist intrigue growing in large part out of the Truman-Acheson foreign policy which let Nationalist China fall.” “It is further evidence.” he added. “of the dismal failure of illcon-ceivcd agreements entered into by previous administrations at Teheran. Yalta and Potsdam.” Summerfield, a former Republican national committeeman from Michigan, loosed a broadside at “cai'ping” critics of administration foreign policy in a speech prepared for an Indian Republican Editorial Assn. gathering. The blast came at the end of a week in which (1) former President Truman criticized the Republicans for what he said was an un-determinlng of bipartisan foreign policy (2) President Eisenhower ■aid he believes in a bipartisan foreign policy and foreign affairs are handled on that basis as far as posfible (1) Senate Democratic Leader Lyndon Johnson (Tex) sharply criticized administration foreign policy for the first time, then eased his tone after a council-iatory speech from Senate Republican Leader Knowland (Calif). Summerfield told his fellow Republicans: *T sometimes marvel at the crust of a small minority of Democrat senators, congressmen and party leaders who have taken it upon themselves to become the four-alarm critics of this administration’s foreign policy. “I marvel at this crust they display because only a few short years ago they were giving all-out support to the discredited Truman-Acheson policies which produced Korea and Indochina, which helped increase the number of i>ersons behind the Iron Curtain from 170 million at the end of World War II to 8.')0 million, without the soviet union even firing a shot.” Dean Acheson was Truman’s secretary of stale. Praising the Eisenhower regime on the domestic front as well as foreign, the postmaster general said the Rept¿Iicaiui have posted “significant gaina” in strengthening the nation’s economy and in boosting citizen confidence in the federal governmaot r i GRAIN SORGHUM - Very large acreage expected because of curtailed cotton and wheat allotments. Prospects very good. Much already planted. Weeds “pretty bad” but can be controlled with a little dry weather. WHEAT — Bigger crop expected than in any year since 1949. Acreage curtailed under allotment program. Spotted, with some due to make around five bushels per acre, a little as much as 25 bushels per acre. GRASSLANDS - “Miraculously improved.” Much grass which appeared dead is putting out. Care must be taken not to over-graze, but to give the grass a chance. STOCK TANKS - Full. LABOR — Plentiful. Costs about same as last five or six years. PRICE OUTLOOK — Good! THE WEATHER U. S. DKP.i«TMt.NT OF COMMEBCE HEATHEB Bl'REAC ABILENE AND VICINITY — Pxrtly cloudy «Bd warm Sunday and Monday. Hlfh boUi daya near *0. Low Sunday night near #5. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS:    l*artly cloudy and warm Sunday and Monday; widely scattered thundershowers and local thunderslorma Monday and in north-w"at poftk»u Sunday. Wi:ST TEXAS: Partly cloudy with widely scattered showers and local thunder-•lurms Sunday and Monday; no important temperature changes EAST AND SOITH CE.NTRAL TEXAS: Partly cloudy and warm Sunday and Monday; widely scattered showers and thundershowers, mostly In north portion Monday; gentle to moderate aoutheaat winoa on the coast, becoming locaUy Iresb Sunday. TEMPEKATlBKt our retailers are optimistic. The feeling of our executives is that we can look to the greatest year in our history. We feel this will be the first year in five that we hav'en’t been almost wholly dependent on the oil industry to support the economy of this part of the country. Rains have been general enough to affect all the areas in which we operate.” Perhaps no big Abilene industry is tied closer to agriculture than Western Cottonoil Co. W. D. W’atkins, who is assistant general manager for the company’s division (Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico and part of Arizona), said his company can definitely feel the difference already from the rains. “Maybe it is the psychological effect —• people are feeling so much better. But, we feel that crop prospects are excellent.” Sub-moisture is so improved that crops can be made with very little rain from now on, Watkins said. The situation is so promising now that Malcolm Meek, president of the Citizens National Bank, commented: “I can’t see anything I wrong.” “I don’t believe that in the 20 years I have lived here I have seen crop and range prospects any better at this time of the year. Not only has this restored confidence to stockmen and farmers— it has restored confidence to business generally,” Meek said. “Consumers and business alike have been moving with caution, conserving what money, we had. Now they have a feeling of freedom. The recent rains were the biggest boon to business we have had in 10 years. I don’t see what will keep us from going right ahead.” Actually, Abilene’s immodiate area hasn't suffered from the drought as much as other sections of West Texas, the banker pointed out, thanks to oil. Oil development, general business activity, the coming Air Base and good farm and livestock conditions add up to a very rosy fu- See RAINS, Page 4-A. Cols. 1-2 WILLIAMSBURG, Va., May 15 (iV-United States efforts to negotiate with the Soviet government for a world atom pool for peaceful purposes have wound up in a deadlock, Secretary of State Dulles said here today. But. Dulles said. “We do not exclude the possibility of agreements of limited scope. We shall persist in our efforts to negotiate in relation to Germany, Austria. Korea, Indochina and atomic energy- We know that.” Speaking at a celebration of the 178th anniversary of the Virginia Resolution for American Independence, Dulles said: “So far this year we have negotiated in good faith with the Soviet rulers in relation to the use of atomic energy and in relation to Germany, Austria, Korea and now Indochina. Reds Won’t Relax “Always, there is a consistent pattern. Never will they relax their grip on what they have. In each of the geographic areas I mention, they insist upon a formula which will not only assure the perpetuation of their despotism within the areas they now control, but also allow them to apply their ruthless methods to gain control of the areas which are still free.” Negotiations with the Soviets were necessary. Dulles said, to find out what they might be willing to do. But, he added, there has been no compromise of liberty on the part of the free nations and no relaxation of vigilance. “Out of talks held under these conditions, has at least come a demonstration of the implacable purpose of the rulers of the Soviet Communist bloc . . . “We are confronted with a massive system which, despite its present power, believes that it cannot survive except as it succeeds in progressively destroying human freedom.” Freedom Struggle The struggle between the Communists and the free world cannot be “easily or quickly resolved,” Dulles said. “Certainly it cannot be resolved by any agreed partition of humanity between freedom and despotism. It would be intolerable for us to concede hundreds of millions of souls to despotic rule.” Dulles said the future of freedom “rests with a small minority of mankind. That is why it is in-dispensible that the people of our republic, for their part, should hold fast to the faith of their fathers." Preceding Dulles’ speech, an Armed Forces Day parade moved in a dismal rain down historic Duke of Gloucester Street to the Capitol building where the ceremonies were held. RAYMOND THOMASON SR. ... released on bond Big Three Prepare Indo Ceose-Fire Bid Sat P M 8S . M S4 . M . U S3 7» . 75 . 7S Sat -A. M ........ 1:30 a ............ 2^30 S2 ............ 3:30 60 ............ 4:30 5» ............ 5:30 60 ............ 0:30 63 ............ 7:30 6« ............ 4:30 7J ............ 9:30 76 ...........  10:30      — 7* ............ 11:30      — 80 ......  12:30      — Hish aaO low twmperaturM for 14 hourt muM at S:M p.m.: S5 aad SI. Hifh ABd low tamporaturaa aama dala laat jraari «4 and St. Simaat laat nl«ht 7:30 p.m. Svotìm la-dar 9:4i a.m. Sunaat tonlsBt 7:31 p.m. Baramater rcadtaf at »¡30 p.m. 18.12. Ralatn-a IwmldRr a* » 10 p.a. «5 par First Load of Wheat Harvested at Hamlin HAMLIN, May 15 (RNS) — J. T. and Floyd Smith, who have 404 acres in wheat on their farm approximately six miles south of Hem-lin, brought in Hamlin’s first load of wheat this season Saturday afternoon. The wheat, of the early Blackhull variety, tested 62 pounds with ei moisture content of 15»4 per cant. The moisturf was due more to the atmi^phere than to the natural moisture of the grain. The 36-bushel load was purchased by the F. B. Mo<h^ Grain Company elevator. Tha Smiths, adio estimated the yield of their wheat will be 10 to 12 bushels per acre, hava brought in the first load bera for the past sevaral years. ...    __________ Rule School Bonds Voted RULE. May 15 (RNS) — A $190,000 bond issue to build a new high school here and to remodel the present high school and gymnasium was approved by voters Saturday, 195-30. Two other propositions also carried in a light turnout of about half the eligible voters in the school district. Total vote cast was 225. The two other propositions were already in effect, but a vote on them was required in order that j they include territory annexed by the district since they were last approved,    | Proposition Number 2 was to extend the district is $20,000 indebtedness over all of the district. It carried, 191-33. Proposition Number 8 was to extend the maintenance tax rate of $1.50 per $100 assessed evaluation over all of the district. It carried, 183-25. The approved proposition does not increase taxes, but merely provides a uniform tax rale. Henry-Seay & Co. of Dallas will buy the bonds. They are 36-year bonds with option to retire them in 20 years. Interest rate is from 44 to 54 per cent. The new high school will be a one-story brick building. It includes six classrooms, library, auditorium and cafeteria. The top story of the present two-story high school will be taken off. The new building will be joined with the old building by walkways and a walkway will also connect the grade school with the cafeteria in the new school. The gymnasium to be remodeled is a separate building. Stanley Brown’s architact and contracting firm of Dallas will do tha work. Brown said that after tha work ia atarted th# building is Bchaduled to be completed in 300 calendar dayi. GENEVA, May 15 (.VWThe Western Big Three huddled secretly today to prepare a firm bid for a quick cease-fire in Indochina. U. S. Under Secretary of State Walter Bedell Smith met tonight v/ith Britain’s Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden after an earlier conference with Eden and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault. No information was released concerning the meetings but they were known to be mapping strategy for the secret sessions to be held with the Communist delegations next week. Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov and Red China’s Foreign Minister Chou En-Iai were believed to be consulting also on strategy for the crucial week ahead. Monday’s meeting will be restricted to delegation heads of the nine parties represented in the conference on Indochina and three advisers each. The delegations will be pledged to secrecy although it is possible communiques will be issued. Viet Nam’s chief of state, Bao Dai, moved his headquarters into a luxurious hotel at Evian on the French side of Lake Geneva late today to be near the conference during the decisive stage about to open. Although French sources said they expected to lay a detailed plan for a cease-fire before the conference Monday, it was expected that several secret and restricted sessions would be required to get down to real bargaining and determine the chances of peace. There was a general feeling of urgency about the coming talks. This was expressed particularly by a British spokesman, who said the United Kingdom felt all efforts should be directed toward stopping the shooting. The disclosure that the United States and France were opening talks on “internationalizing” the conflict added to the tension. French sources said all future talks about a Southeast Asian complement of NATO would be conducted in Paris and Washington. The Americans, It was understood tonight, were not happy about the suggestion in the French plan that an “international commission” supervise the military phase of any settlement. Under this definition the Communists might seek to include Communist “neutral” states in the commission as they did in the Korean neutral nations commission. The United States, it was said, would prefer that the United Nations be designated as the supervisory body. Haskell Voles School Bonds HASKELL. May 15. (RNS)-Vot-ers here Saturday approved a $350,000 school bond issue and a hike in the school maintenance tax. The bond issue vote was: For, 350 votes; against, 168. The maintenance tax vote was: For 324; against, 165. The bond money will be used to build an eight-classroom addition to the present elementary school. A three-ciassrooin building will be built connecting the junior high and high school buildings. The connecting unit also will provide administrative offices. A new gymnasium will be built. About $50,000 of Uie bond money will be used to improve the Central Ward School for Negroes and to build additions to it as needed. The maintenance tax vote    increased    the existing school    tax from $1.25 to $1.50 for each $100 of valuation of property. Plans    include advertising    for bids on    new construction as    soon as possible. School officials hope to have additional classrooms ready for use by next September, since existing elementary facilities are overcrowded. Miners Trapped QUAREGNON, Belgium U) -Nine coal miners were trapped in a coal mine collapse at the Rieu du Coeur mine early Saturday. The bodies of two of the victims have been recovered so far. Judge Delays Sentencing Al Lubbock By GEORGIA NELSON Reporter-News Staff Writer LUBBOCK. May 15. - A U. S. Court jury returned a verdict of guilty for Raymond Thomason, Sr. of Abilene Saturday night. Thomason was tried on a seven-count indictment alleging fraud on the basis of credit reports on veterans filed with the veterans* applications for VA housing loans. The jury retired to deliberate at 4:50 p.m. and returned its verdict thrc« hours and 15 minutes later. Thomason took the verdict stolidly with no show of emotion but his wife, who was sitting beside him, broke into sobs. She was so overcome that she sank from her chair and was carried from tht courtroom. Son Comforted Monty Don Thomason, on thn other side of his father, also gave way to tears and, with his head resting on the counsel table, was comforted by his brother, Raymond Thomason, Jr. Before leaving the courtroom Thomason was released on tho same $1,500 bond he had been under since two weeks ago when two complaints were filed against him. Judge Joseph B. Dooley did not sentence Thomason. The maximum penalty that could be assessed on the conviction would be a $10,000 fins and five years in prison on each of the seven counts. Thomason still faces another five-count indictment based on similar charges. He is expected to go on trial on the second indictment here Monday morning. Throughout the testimony in his own defense Thomason insisted he did not know that the credit reports which led to his conviction were prepared by Taylor W. Long Jr. only as an individual, not as a representative of Retail Credit Co. Remarks Omitted Long testified for the government that he used information supplied by Thomason’s companies to prepare the credit reports. Evidence showed that unfavorabia information on the veterans’ credit ratings was omitted and favorabia information was added to them. Long is named in five counts of an indictment returned along with those against Thomason by a grand jury in Lubbock one week ago. He is expected to plead guilty to the charges against him. Nine indictments were returned against eight Abilenians after previous indictments returned in Dallas and Fort Worth earlier this year against 45 persons were dismissed because they were improperly drawn. Both the government and the defense in Thomason’s trial closed their cases at 11:55 a.m. Saturday. Arguments by attorneys and Judga Dooley’s delivery of his charge to the jury consumed the afternoon. This ran the trial into four full days. Judge Dooley’s charge to tho jury included instruction on tho law of fraud, the law governing See TRIAL. Page S-A, Col. 4 Ike’s Fact Board Urges Rail Workers Benefits WASHINGTON, May 15 lyi - A presidential board today recommended that the nation’s railroads give a million rail workers welfare, vacation and holiday benefits worth 150 million dollars a year. The workers involved are clerks, ya»*d, maintenance, construction and oUier non operating employees. The board, named by President Eisenhower to head off a possible nationwide strike during the last Christmas holidays, turned down the 15 unions, most of them affiliated with the AFL, on a number of other requests and granted a half dozen employer demands. The board, headed by former Chief Justice Charles Loring of the Minnesota Supreme Court, estimated in its report filed at the White House that the cost of iU settlement recommendations would be equal to a seven- or eight-cent liourly wage increase. No pay boost demands were involved in the case. The estimated worth of the board propoaalf about equals the average of what unions in other industries have been getting from employers in collective bargaining. It is also similar costwise to wage settlements recently negotiated by the railroads for most of their 2S0,(X)0 operating employees — those who run the trains. For the nonoperating employes the board recommended: 1. Medical, hospital and surgical care insurance jointly paid for by workers and employers. Details were left to be negotiated, “with reasonable limits on benefits.” The unions had asked for an employer-paid plan covering workers and their families, but the families are not included in the board recommendation. 2. An extra week of vacation. The board recommended three weeks' vacation after IS years service, compared with the present maximum two wedca. Tht unions had asked for four. I. Proviaioi that a workcar get his regular weekly pay when be works a short week diw to a holiday. Now a worker loses a day’i pay when not working a holiday. He gets and will continue to get time and a half premium pay. in addition to regular pay, for working a holiday. ’The board denied union demands for double time extra pay for holidays, for extra Sunday pay, for a minimum $3,500 employer-paid life insurance plan, a fourth week of vacation and free railroad passes for workers and their families. Tht carriers had put a 630-million-d<d-^ iar cost estimate on all union dt-mands. Both industry and unions withheld any immediate comment m whether they would accept tilt findings. Under the law the unioiia art expected to refrain from strtti-ing for at least 30 days. The term« of such board recommeodatkkia ua-ually form a basis for a settiemikit ta rail dl^ulea. T s ;