Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 16, 1944, Abilene, Texas
BOND BOX SCORE Since Pearl Harbor Quota Moy WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES'-Byron VOL. LXIII, NO. 333. A TEXAS NEWSPAMR ABILENE, TEXAS TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 16, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES Prnt IAP) Prni (Uf.1 PRICE FIVE CENTS LOWER GUSTAV LINE SHREDDED Chinese Open Push Over Salween Men trass River 12 Poinls Nazis Warn of Inland Attacks LONDON, May Gcr- i territory look a similar tone as, for man people were warned today by example, CHUNGKING, May than Chin- ese troops have plunged across %he Salween river in western Yunnan province at a dozen points, the Chinese high com- mand announced today, open- ing China's first real offen- in seven, years of war with Ihe objective a junction with Lt. Gen. Joseph SUl- well's troops about 150 miles away in northern Burma. Casualties on bo'h sides were along the 130-mile front as the Chinese, achieving an extra- ordinary degree of surprise, forced wide enenr- deployment. The Chinese were aided by ,0 SL unique American military or- ganization, a In the powerful drive ordered by Gen- eralissimo Chiang Kai-shek to break Japan's blockade. k mate objective of the offensive is to slash through upper Bur- man join with SUlwell's Chi- nese and connect the Burma roads wilh the two-lane Ltdo ,j highviLf which Stilwdl hM .built to his front In the Ma- guang valley. The Cnlnese used American- made pneumalt crafts to cross the river at strategic ferry points.1 Un- guidance, Chinese engineers the''-criS ings with the force, organized year jigo on SUlwell's 'orders. Little Japanese opposition v by the Chinese expe ditlonary force until the foothill were won. Some thrusts alon mountain trails were halted b units of Japan's battle-toughened 5Slh division which counterattacked in force. The offensive had the strong support of sfcy dragons of Gen L. ChcnnauU's Hth air force, which bombed and strafed enemy positions over a wide area. ik In Honan province to the north, Chinese communique said that Japanese troops which had broken through Into Loyang at three points had been annihilated, as defenders battled desperately to save the key city from capture. Jfn that sector also, Chennault's air force was active in support of the Chinese. the Berlin radio that not merely the "Atlantic wall" but points far Inland would fall under Allied at- tack in the very first phase of In- vasion. This was the gloomy prediction: "When the battle starts, lighting will not be limited to divisions on the Atlantic wall or to points un- er the main attack, but small aves will reach far beyond them. 'hen Germany will be called upon o stand her greatest and most dan- erous lest." Nazi propagandists in occupied this utterance from Phil- ippe Henriot of the French propa- ganda ministry: "The last breathing space before the Invasion has arrived. We can not give you any last minute in- .structions on how to behave or where to seek shelter, as we do not know where the main Allied blow will fall." A series of fresh reports pictured German transport in a stale of dis- order, gravely limiting the ability of the enemy high command to move troops on the immense scale that might be required. Army Moves On Kamaing American Bombers Hit Wakde, Again ADVANCED 'ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New Guinea, Tuesday, May airmen, pressing their drive to immobilize Japanese airpower on the path fo the Phil- ippines, have lashed Wakde island off the northwest coast Dutch New Guinea with another 220 tons of bombs, head- quarters announced today. Patriarch of Moscow Dies LONDON 'May politan. Sergei, 78, patriarch' ot Moscow and all Russia died, today of a brain hemorrhage, Tass news agency reports today from Mos- cow. His funeral will be held May IB. The patriarch drew .world-Hide attention on April 1 when he chal- ith Bond Drive Quotas Are Set METROPOLITAN SERGEI lenged the position of the Roma: Catholic, Pope as the Vicar o Fifth war. loan drive quotas for Christ 28 counties In this Went Texas sub region have been announced, and new chairmen have been named In four of the counties. Taylor county's quota of announced Sunday. New chairmen were appointed for Ihe 26-day drive, June 8, for Scurry, Jones, Midland and Coleman counties. They are J. J. Stecle, president of the Anson First National bank, Jones county; Forest tfj. Sears, Snyder merchant, Scurry county; A. Hcndrickson, Mid- land mayor. Midland county. Cole- man county's permanent chairman, J. A. McCord, appointed John Will Vance, Santa Anna, as temporary Chairman for this drive. He suc- ceeds B. B. Nunley, temporary chair- man for the fourth war bond cam paign. The 38 counties and their E bond and overall quotas ore: Andrews (El, Bor- tfcn, S10.000 Callahan (El, Coke, (Ei, Cclenwn. Concho, (E) Crane, (El. 000- Crockett. (El, gclor. Fisher 'i 135.000 i El. Glasscock (El. Howard. 000 (El, Sl.590.000; Won, S50.00C (El, Jones, (E) Martin, (E) Menard, (E) Midland, (E) Mitchell, (E) Nolan, 000; Reagan. Runnel', Schleichcr, %-urry. fnackcltord. (El. Sterling. Sut ton. '265.000: Tom Green. ton, In an article entitled: "Is ther vicar of Christ on pub shed in the "Journal of the Mos ow he cited Bibl al texts and drew a conclusion I he negative. As patriarch of Moscow and Russia, the Metropolitan Serg head of the Holy Synod, Ih dministrative body of the Ru: ian orthodox church, consisting i ix members named by the Russia rthodox congress and the leade sf Greek orthodox churches In oiX- r parts of the world. The patriarch had served ES act- ng head of the church for more han a decade it was with- iut a formal leader, and was the irst to swing Its support to the side of the Soviet union after the German Invasion. Liberators, ranging out far- ler to the northwest, again ;tacked the Schouten islands 60 miles northwest of cap ured Hollandia. Wakde is- ind is 120 miles northwes f Hollandia. Six Japanese'planes made a weak lid oir Hollandia in their first ap- earan'ce over this American-held eachhead since the occupation was ompleted. The enemy raiders came before dawn and dropped seven ombs which caused neither dam- c nor casualties, the communique aid. The extermination raids on Jap- nese troops bypassed on New Guinea below Hollandia continued, iombers concentrated on enemy oncentrations in the Wcwak-Han- bay area. On the ground. Australian troops dged up the British New Guinea oast closer to the Hollandiii-Aitape .rc.i which was invaded April 22. They nearcd Bunabun, 16 miles north of Cape Croisilles which they cached last- week in their unop- drive northwest from Alexis- lafen. Solomon-based bombers and ighters kept up their daily pound- ngs of isolated Japanese bases In .he South "Pacific area. Rabaul on New Britain was hit again as was 3ougalnville. Many of the enemy's dwindling number of supply dumps were destroyed in these attacks. The 220-tons of hombs dropped on Wakde boosted the total an- nounced for two days on Wawde and the nearby Sarmi-Maffin bay area of the Dutch New Guinea mainland to 554 tons. A record 334- ton raid was announced yesterday. The blasting of the Schouten Is- lands carried the air assault on that area, including Mokmcr air- drome, into its llth successive day. Dive-bombers and fighters sank 40 enemy barges In the region of beleaguered Rabaul in raids an- nounced yesterday. Seven or eight of the barges which may have been attempting to supply or relieve the battered base, were accounted for by dive-bombers using rocket guns mounted under their wings. SOUTHEAST ASIA HEAD- QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, May Joseph W. Stilwcll's main forces, ;triking for the Japanese base of Kamaing in northern Bur- ma, wore reported only 10 miles north of that pre-mon- soon objective tonight after Chinese troops advancing down (he Mogaung yalley joined up with other Allied units. Capturing Tarongyang. 11 miles north of Kamatng, the Chinese pushed ahead another mile to Man- pin. Joining forces wilh advance unite, which been holding Man- pin for several days. Kamaing lies 40 miles of Myitkyina, main Japanese base. In northern Burma. Bur- mese troops fighting for the Al- lies raided Tanguu, only 28 milesc north of Myilkyina, the closest thrust yet toward that vital base, but no details of the raid were given, In eastern India, meanwhile, British troops pushed ahead against the Japanese invaders southwest of Tmphal, and mopping up operations also continued southwest of Ko- hima, 65 miles to the north, where the enemy has been reported re- grouping in strength. Allied, progress in tthe-. India s'eo tor ilbw. .The- Japanese are heavily dug In and have laid many COA1MUNCAT10NS defenders of Fortress Europa can't slop Allies if tliey can't get up to where the invaders are surging is why Allied nir forces give such an unmerciful pounding to network of railroads, highways and vilal trans- jwrlation junctions behind the invasion coast. Map above shows the 100-inilc-wide strip containing key communication centers ripped (o pieces by Allied bombs. Allied Bombers Continue Blasting Coastal System mines and booby traps. Americat) medium bombers succeeded in dis- locating traffic to the Imphal front by blowing a chunk out of a road Reports received bfre said that Allied Chinrtits operating in mid-Burma were supporting the Allied attacks on the Im- nhal front by destroying large dumps of food and ammunition destined for the Japanese In that scclor. A dispatch from Thoburn Wiant. Associated Press correspondent with Stils-ell's forces in the Mogaung valley, said Stllwell's forces had made amazing progresses, that Am- erican camps were strung out all along the valley, and that troops and engineers have been laying the strongest foundations in the drive toward Kamaing and Mogaung, LONDON, May pered by the German air force, small formations of American heavy and medium bombers blasted Hit- er's sprawling cofistal defense sys- tem today, carrying ihe prc-lnva- slcn air offensive Into the 31sl con- secutive day. A Geiman raid on south England last night killed a half dozen per- sons. At least 15 of the attackers were reported shot down. Approximately 250 Flying For- tresses and-Liberators and an ad- 'dlilonal force .Thunderbolts and lives in northern France while A-20 light' bombers drove clear to the Paris area aiid hit an airfield near .he badly battered Crcll railroad k'ards. Marauders bombed a rail- road J'ard also. The Vichy radio ssid the Lille and Valenciennes areas were hit. Not a bomber was lost of those in- volved In the In the far-flung RAF ntght bombing at- tacks a few hours before, British Mosquito bcmbcrs hit Cologne last night and unspecified military ob- jectives hi France, Belgium and Holland. .One escort plane was missing to- day .Trie at p.m. indicating a possible laic daylight attack. Outside that the Mediterranean air force diverted to support of the new grour.d campaign In great north- Eouth Allied air offensive which started April 8 was virtually nt a tandstOl. It was nn ominous hiatus for the Germans. German airmen who raided south- ern England last night, evidently sought to smoke oui Invasion prep- arations as well as to bomb, Al- though the German force may have been several hundred planes, the bombing was. called, iricni wofe.'on recoiinatsEiuce. Paris radio said the Pas-de- Calals area was particularly hard hit In the day's raids. iFiflh, Eighth Armies Slug To New Holds A I, LI K D HEADQUART. ERS, Naples, May and American froops shredded the lower half of the German's Gustav line In. rlay :iml a hreak-lhroiigli by (he British Eighth army ap- peared imminent in'the ily-dcfcndcd sector below Cas- sino. Panning out through 60 squara miles of rugged tableland and flat river valleys which they controlled, after fierce fighting since the push opened Thursday night, Fifth and Eighth army troops slugged dcg- gedly forward to new positions. "Torn to shreds" was AP Corres- pondent Edward Kennedy's descrip- tion of the left flank of the Niul line in a dispatch from the ffe'd. Penetration of Die Guslav line developed Into what was re- porlcd officially as a "signific- ant bill beyond It and up the I.lrl valley leading to the Hitler line (lie way Is studded with anti-lank posjlions and the Germans still hold commanding ground north of the valley. (Gen. Alphonso Juin announcsfl in a telegram to Gen Charles Gaulle at Algiers that his French expeditionary corps had entered San Giorgio In the Lirl valley, seiz- ed a dominating ridge to the south and ca'ptured Corino In a general advances against the Germans, who were retreating in disorder. He seld the French had taken pris- oners. 30 of them officers, with number o f captives mounting steadily.) Heavy fighting progressed In tha iplgno area, with the French again, n the thick of it. The Americans, after occupying Santa Ma-la In- fante, pressed toward the strong Mint at Splgno, and at sundovro the 'Germms wer FSA be given S28.500.000 for adminWr.ition and SH7.XOQ.MX) of j rilditional lending authority. b'U I Ihe Eeiwt" Mibccmmi'.trc re-! ported to have cm the admini'.tra- fimd somewhat. Thr rrcfm- rr.fr.rt.itlons will be laid before Ihe 1ft Ih'i mcrnlnf, 6.11.