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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 15, 1938, Abilene, Texas » • I •• t • I t « • t • t I t "YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED to attend the forty-sixth annual commencement program of Hardin-Simmons university—** So goes out the invitation from seniors to the graduation events on the HSU campus. These three (left to right), Burton Shelton, Sarah Elizabeth Cox and Florence Hughes, were snapped as they added their invitations to the stacks of mail already in the sack in the campus bookstore. JOY OF GRADUATION—and sorrow at parting—is typical of graduation-time at Abilene Christian college as the seniors depart for homes in distant points. Poignant will be the parting of this couple. Hope Reed (left) of Colton. Calif., and O. H. Tahitian of St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada She will teach a y*ar; he will go to work at-home. After that? They just smiled—but many a romance has started on the ACC campus. ONE PRESIDENT gets the measure of another, at McMurry college Fittings for caps and gowns are just one of the ordeals through which graduates go each spring: but not all seniors get such assistance as President James Couch of the 1938 class (center) receives Pre That's Presider^ Thomas W. Brabham of the college getting his measure. See, diminutive Lorraine Hamilton, senior secretary, already has found a fit. THE LINE FORMS on the right—or is it left? Anyway, the favorite sport, indoor or outdoor, at Abilene high school last week was writing in annuals, The Flashlight. Here Zolus Motley, senior football star, obliges five charming classmates—(front to back) Betty Hanks, Bette Barnes, Dixie Ruth Free. Paralee Dixon Manly and Margaret Wall. Shot that was missed: a demure little miss in tears because graduation is so near. Yes, she actually was crying. (Pictures by Maurine Eastus Roe, staff photographer.) ®fje Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE STEICH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES,"-Byron VOL. LYU, NO. 356    *..«.«    r„..    „p,    ABILENE,    TEXAS.    SUNDAY    MORNING,    MAY    15,    1938    THIRTY-EIGHT    PAGES    IN    THREE    SECTIONS. (lilted Pre** (I'P) PRICE 5 CENTS $ t I • I • I t • t I t • t I t I t I t • * • I • t I I I t » t * • STRONGEST IN HISTORY-Drys Bury Beer Demand Under Ballot Avalanche Britain Orders Minister Home From Mexico Breach Contrasts Different Stands Of U. 5. England MEXICO ci^’May^— (AP) — Owen St. Clair O’Malley, Great Britain’s minister to Mexico, announced tonight he had been recalled by his government, completing the diplomatic break between Britain and Mexico. CARDENAS STRENGTHENED Britain's action was in response to that of Mexico last night in withdrawing Primo Villa Michel, Mexican minister to London because of Britain's “unfr.endly attitude'' toward Mexico. Recall of OM a Hey had been expected in Mexican circle* as a consequence of the Mexican step. Mexico’s diplomatic break with Great Britain apparently strengthened popular support of President La taro M. Cardonas today in his program of nationalzaton of fortis n-owned oil properties. Mexico’s grave oil problem, which led to tile recall of the Mexican minister to London, remained unchanged, however. PESO TAKIS DIVE Til is problem, briefly, was finding a market for tile country's government-produced oil, output of which has fallen sharply because of lack of markets since March 18, when the president expropriated British and American oil properties valued at $400,000,000. Today the peso slumped from five to IO points. The breach with London accentuated the different positions of j London and Washington in the oil controversy, in which they at first appeared to have been in the same boat. Each nation took a strong attitude toward Mexico after seizure of the oil properties, until March 30, when United States Secretary of State Corded Hull in Wallington formal-; ly acknowledged Mexico's right to ' take the expropriation step. STEEPLE GIVES WAY TO CROWN BLOCK Shadow of the derrick falls too heavily over the Swedish Lutheran church of the Swenson community, enveloped in the fast spreading Avoca field of northern Jones county, and the pointed white steeple will give way to the lacy iron of the rotary rig. With completion of the second flush oil producer on the church's 80 proven acres, plans were announced for the razing of the 32-year-old church and the construction of a modern new stone house of worship. The Weather ABILENE and vtflnUy : Mostly cloudy today.    v HEST TIV VS: Partly rlond) today and Monday. local shower* in north portion Mondo). EAST TEXAS:    J noel I led, scattered shower* on the roast and In southwest IH»rl‘on today, and In northiveat portion .'tomtit'. OKLAHOMA lair today:    Monday cloudy, |>rolmty» tho we re In went portion. NKW MEXICO:    Partly cloudy today, warmer en*I torsion; Monday fair, rooter northwest portion. Weather outlook for week bey,nom* Monday Heil f.nlf stale*—tie aurally fair except shower* early part of week. Temperatures near normal. Range, of temperature .yesterday: AM    HOI    ll    PM «»      t      sn t»n   .......... I      *>» tnt ............ x      ll tin ............ ♦    ............ u tut ............ a    ............ 70 tin ............ ii    ............ uh 70       7    ............ an 71      a    ............ S7 70      a    ............ aa bd ............ IO    ........... — fill ..........II    ____ _ til ..a... Noon Midnight    fit) Highest and louis, temperature, lo ti p, ni. yrst-rdav. 71 and tit; si me dot - a punr ago, .Si and AS Ran Hist y catel day.    7:'!8; sunrise today, Mil autist I Imlay, 7:30. NOISE OF ROTARY RIO MUSIC IN EARS OF SWEDISH PASTOR Drillers Given Bonuses After Striking Oil Bringing Swenson Church Wealth Bt CHARLIE ELLIS STAMFORD. May 14 The Rev Hugo B. Hater: is always keeps an eye out for the future He has found that, it stands him well. In his fifties, he still looks —  —     —[to    the    future with a zest rarely at- ; tained even in enthusiastic youth. And for his church, the Swedish I Lutheran Evangelical church of the Swenson community in the heart I cf the Avoca field IO miles south-cast of Stamford, he cherishes that enthusiasm for the future. On the threshold, not of great wealth but of at least an independent income, the little white church now' standing for mort than come a bloc and march together’ years will become what the Rev. I lim Answers Critics In America GENOA, Italy, Mav 14- Jpi—Premier Benito Mussolini took personal note today of American criticism of fascism, warning that totalitarian states ‘immediately would be- Filibuster Hangs In Balance Over Wage-Hour Bill Senate Body For Giving FDR Free Rein On Spending WASHINGTON, May IU—.HP) — Development of a senate filibuster agaiast the wage-hour bill appeared today to depend on whether house foes of the measure succeed rn writing into it different wage provisions for the North and South. Informed senators said the legislation would encounter opposition, anyway, but that there would be increased likelihood of an attempt to talk if the bill were returned to the senate without any differentials. Tile house virtually is assured of a chance to consider the measure May 23, under a petition signed a week ago by 218 members. Opponents conceded there was no hope of blocking the bill when it does come up in the house. They concentrated on an effort to restore some degree of flexibility to it, counting on their senatorial colleagues to kill It if they fall. House Relief Bill Appropriates Direct WASHINGTON, May 14.-OP— \ Sentiment developed in the senate appropriations committee today to give President Roosevelt unrestricted control over the $3,154,000,000 relief public works program. As passed by the house, the meausure would appropriate funds directly to lending and spending agencies Roosevelt would retain authority to approve or veto pro-; jects, however. i Chairman Adams (D-Colon of a senate subcommittee handling the bill. said he favored making the appropriations to the chief execu-■ tive, SLS in the past, giving him au- ; thority to allocate funds to agencies as he saw fit. “I think that someone should be responsible for the spending of this money." Adams told reporters. "If the president is to be responsible. he must have authority." 3,668 GRADUATES IN THIS PAPER; OTHER FEATURES Superstition Of Venezuelan Natives Blamed Every Precinct For Death Of Redfern, Long-Missing Pilot ^giQi'jjy Against Brew Wet Leader Says Up To Officers Tp Enforce Law WASHINGTON, May 14.—LAP—A superstition of Venezuelan natives that airplanes devour the sun and the moon may have been responsible for the supposed death of the American aviator Raul Redfern. says Henry S. Villard, state department official. Paul Redfern disappeared August 27, 1927, while flying from Brunswick. Ga., to Rio de Janeiro. One expedition after another has sought him In vain. Villard. who has been secretary at the American legation at Caracas, Venezuela, concludes in this month’s issue of the American Foreign Service Journal that Redfem's plane landed in the tree tops of the jungle near Salto Hacha, near the Carom river. He says: "Whatever signal flares the unfortunate flyer might have let ,    .    region the great mechaniial birds or the white men devour the tun and the moon." Villard also gives the testimony of a rural constable of British Guiana, William Donald McNaughten. stating that an Indian from Camarata, Venezuela, claims ha can "put his hand" on Redfem’s plane. HIGHER WATER RATES L00M_ IN NEAR FUTURE FOR ABILENE Commissioners To Take Action Friday On Forty Per Cent Smaller Minimum Increased water rates in Abilene, a probability since the Fort Phantom Hill reservoir project wbs begun 14 months ago, shortly will become a reality. Members of the city commission are studying rates in other cities in the population class with Abfie:i**; the costs of water supply production as compared with rates: and the needs for Increased municipal revenues—all with an eye to a raise ,-----------   —    — in water prices here. STUDY OTHER CITIES Action is slated at next Fridayfc council session. It has been proposed that the new rate be set it $1 minimum for 3,000 gallons, will all excess to be 20 cents pier thousand gallons. The present rate is $1 minim gn for 5,000 gallons, with excess at js cents pier thousand. Users of 10,000 gallons of wa*r per month now pay >175 Uiujer the proposed rate their bill woijld be $2 40. In connection with proposed fri-creaaes in water rates, the commissioners have been studying |he last survey of water rates In Twas, made by the state department of health and published by lh'* League of Texas Municipal:: ievj Here are some of the compart! cited: City Monthly Gallon**? Japs Crack Lunghai Line J I Ans Chi should the democracies start a “doctrinal war." Fascists regard ll Duces words, delivered before 100.000 blackshirts in this Mediterranean port, as aimed directly at United States Secretary of War Harry H. Woodring. Legal Holiday WASHINGTON. May 14 —Up) President Roosevelt .sign 'd a bill today making Armistice day a national legal holiday. Haterius has long looked forward I to. It will become an institution of greater service to this Swedish com-, munity than a house of worship for Sunday s trices. The Rev. Haterius has hooes of ; making it rn re a community center. There w I be built a new church, to get between 400 Mid 500 people, a n regional center, a .‘choel for vocational agriculture Meet 3.668 boys end girls, young men and women, who are this month finishing college, high school and elementary school in this section of Texas! Tills, the annual graduation edition of the Reporter-New s. contains the names of the graduates of 1938 of three colleges, 81 high schools, an academy and a number of elementary sciiooLs in a score of counties I of this region. Tomorrow a copy of this edition for every graduate collegiate.1*, high schoolers, seventh graders, will be delivered to the schools in care of: the superintendents. The cooperation of the school superintendents, principals and teach-1 ers, and the correspondents of the Reports-News made possible publication of all th? class rolls in thi> paper You will find, also details of 5.000 10,000 15.olo Abilene a $1.00 $1.75 $2 J* Abilene b 1.40 2.40 3 JI San Angelo 1.85 3.10 4 IO Lubbock 2.40 3.65 415 Amarillo IRO 2.70 4r W Falls 1.23 2.38 3*3 Co Christi 3.20 6.40 K#0 Sweetwater 1.85 3.19 ¥3 Brownwood .75 1.42 T14 a—Now, b—Proposed. Another basis for study 1.4 the SHANGHAI, May 15-fSunday)-/P -Chinese today pressed desperate counter attacks to break the lines of Japanese columns steadily tightening a noose on Chinas central front for an assault on the key city of Suchow. Concerted Chinese attacks south i of the vital east-west Lunghai railroad, which a Japanese communique said had been cut, were directed particularly against Yung-cheng and Mengcheng in northern Anhwei province. Both towns are behind the Japanese column. The Lunghai also was severed, Japanese said, by heavy aerial bombardments that prevented movements of supplies to China s huge centry army. Japanese army spokesmen declared 400.000 Chinese troops had been blocked off from rr'reat and faced surrender or annihilation. Taylor county ballots buried the beer issue deeper Saturday than in any similar election in the past, with the dry faction in the majority more than five to two. Complete unofficial returns from the county’s 31 boxes showed 4.984 votes against legalizing beer, to 1,971 for. ONE BOX UNANIMOUS Not a single box in the county polled a wet majority. Traditionally wet boxes, notably in Abilene, posted overwhelmingly dry pluralities while at the Tye-Abilene box, 58 voters unanimously opposed legalizing the drink. Most even voting on the issue was at the courthouse box, where 202 favored beer and 260 were against. Abilene rejected legalized beer almost two to one. The total vote in the nine city boxes was 3,059 .votes against and 1.632 for legaliza-! hon. Evidence of heated interest aroused in the campaign was seen (in the 6,955 total ballots cast Saturday, representing almost three-fourths of the county’s voting strength. Poll tax payments aggregate 8.286, while i‘ is estimated coemptions would hike the figure to 9.500. THREE PREVIOUS VOTES Two previous county-wide elections and one city vote have been [held on the beer issue. In 1912, the county rejected beer, 1 948 to 777 Again in 1933. the wets lost, 2 522 tc 1,653. On June 30. 1934. the margin was closer in a city election, the drys polling 1.418 votes to 1,383 for the wets. Leaders of both wet and dry fac-1 hens Issued statements last night. From the Rev. J. H. Hamblen, pastor of the First Methodist church End chairman of the Taylor county dry forces, came this comment: “As chairman of the Taylor county drys, I want to express the profound gratitude of my heart and thanks to all who so nobly fought I for the great dry victory in our city Dance Dictator' lakes Back Seat To Disney Chief DISNEY, Okla., May 14—c/P) —The jig is up, the “danre dictator" has lost her crown, the law is ^7 the saddle. als was the latest develop-growmg out of the election four day* ago bf Billy Balter former* wild west show girl, who wax elected temporary town boss for so days on a song-and-dance platform. Bespectacled Hale Dunn, Disney's chief of police, soon after the Grand river dam town began to buzz, nailed a big sign on a tree in front of the city Jail. It read: "I am the law in Disney, No woman can run this town by a damslte while I am in the saddle. I rule or I resign." Supporting Dunn was the citizens protective league, which yesterday demanded the chamber void the election of Miss Baker, whose nickelodeon politics outbid the "sound sleep" policy of Mrs Vera filar. Toe conservative was to have her way, however, the second 30 days. See BEER BALLOT, Pf. ll, Col 6 League Nations Support China Covenant Reform Failure Causes Chile Departure GENEVA. May 14- TV The IO’S* session of the League of Nation* council ended tonight with indications a strong bloc of France, Great Britain and Soviet Russia had formed behind China in the Far Eastern war. Chile announced her intention to resign from the league because th* council failed to act on reform oX the organization's covenant. The council, with Clima and Soviet Russia abstaining, adopted & resolution giving Switzerland freedom from the obligation to lmpow league penalties when other members do. A second part of the resolution, which Poland joined tile other council members In spraying, condemned the use of poison gases. VICTIM OF 'LITTLE BRAIN'- monthly minimum charge and t ie minimum gallons per oustjmet Here are the state figures on tho same cities listed above: .Vin Chg .Min Cia! Child's Skull Split To Perm it Growth To Normal Size Abilene (Now) St OO •VOOI) Abilene (Propos’d) 1.00 .1.000 San Angelo 1.25 L00O Lubbock I 80 3.000 Amarillo .75 1,000 Wichita Falls 1.00 4,000 < orpus Chrivi 2.50 3,750 Sweetwater 1.60 4.000 Brownwood .75 5,150 There will >e further study on the rate situ.'lion, Mayor Will W. Hair indicates See CHURA ii WELL Pf ll* Col. 2 I See GRADUATES, I’*, ll, CoL 4 Dust Af Odessa ODESSA May 14 Pi—A hi wind and ihndsng dust struck he early this afternoon. WASHINGTON. May 14 -(UP) - A two-and-one-half-year-old boy rested comfortably in Children's hospital today after surgeons had split his skull and wedged the two sections apart to permit the brain to grow to normal size. The operation-extremely delicate and rare-was performed in an effort to save the child from life-long idiocy. He is a victim of microcephaly—“little brain," The boy Is Alden Vorrath, son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Vorrath. He will be kept under constant care for six months during which time the two sections cf his skull will be held apart by metal wedges. Not until next November will surgeons be able to determine whether the operation has been a success. Dr. H H. Schoenfeld, noted brain specialist, performed the operation before a group of well - known surgeons. They agreed that success in this case might open the way to treatment of the condition which is found in a high percentage of cases in feeble-minded institutions. The decision to operate came after a long study by Dr. D. D. V. Stuart, staff neurologist. He determined that the child’s intelligence was normal for its age. but that he suffered occasional convulsions because of the skull's pressure on the brain. Employing a new technique, Dr Schoenfeld split the skull into halves on a line extending from points in front of both ears over the top of the head. He then inserted metal wedges to keep the opening I 1-2 centimeters (slightly more than 1-2-inch) wide. The membrane enclosing the brain was cut to allow it to expand to normal size. Dr. Schoenfeld explained the bone would not grow over the opening, but that hard scalp tissue gradually would fill up the space. It will resemble the original structure of the head and cause no harm to the child, he said. « ;