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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas H BOND BOX SCORE (9 Since Pearl Harbor $16,915,460.75 May Quoto    $ 231,700.00 May    $ 57,233.25Wi)t Abilene    MDMINGWimour OR with offense to friends or foes we sketch your world exactly as it GOES’-Byron VOL. LXIII, NO. 3âo. * A TEXAS NEWSPAfER ABILENE, TEXAS SATURDA'Y MORNING, MAY 13, 1944 —TEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press rUJ*J PRICE FIVE CENTS Halian BaUling Nets Two Miles Nazi Oi Despite Plants Struck Hot Resistance LONDON, May 12—(AP)—Smashing through swarms of Gorman fighters in one of the war’s fiercest aerial battles, an American sky-fleet of 2,000 bombers and fighters struck today at five big Nazi synthetic oil plants and shot down 150 enemy planes at a cost of 42 bombers and 10 fighters. A total of more than 3,000 Allied planes based in Britain hammered Nazi targets by ^ylight, and at midnight German radios warned that Allied planes were approaching western Germany. Thus the RAF’s night shift apparently was carrying the world’s greatest aerial campaign into the fifth straight week of pre-invasion assault. The main blow as delivered in the Leipzig area, where the Germans had concentrated four important refineries furnishing a lifeline for Hitler’s armies on the western and southern fronts and in addition two formations of Fortresses thundered across the border into Czechoslovakia for the first time in the war and blasted another German-operated oil plant at Brux, It was on this stab that the most savage fighting of the dav apparently occurred. As many as 250 Nazi fighters challenged the Americans in a vain attempt to save the vital oil plants which the Germans so desperately need to meet the coming invasion from the west. The communique of the U. S. Strategic Air Force said simply By The Associated Press.    that - strong enemy fighter resis- The new selective service directive which gives blanket tance was encoimtered/’ but redeferment to men over 30 years of age who are in essential ha™‘"clm"*Uirough “blttles'' more industries, apparently will make filling future quotas difficult for many Texas draft boards, officials over the átate reported last night. The order from the Washington office had not been received by the boards. The Potter county selective service board spokesman said in Amarillo "all we know about the new order is what we read in the papers,” but there they anticipate hardship^ in ^fUligg^jfuture quotas. NEW DRAFT DIFFICULTIES iACING BOARDS IN TEXAS Orders to Only zUOflO Older iligiblesSeen...... WASHINGTON. May 12—— Only 150.000 to 200.000 men 26 and over need be drafted for the rest rjl this year, informed government oificials estimated tonight, an ' selective .service was reported apprehensive that too many older men might be taken despite a new deferment policy. ^Thc estimate was declared to be meh, if anything, since it did not take into account the likelihood that many more young farmers 18 through will be Clyde Fulwller, chairman of Taylor county’s selccUve service board No. 1, expressed the belief that the next two calls here can be filled with men IS to 36. Pulwiler also said he be-Jieved that Ihe calls may be cut as much as 50 percent but that he had received no instructions from state headquarters concerning the new directive. tightened farm deferment procedure. 0\iore older men may be taken than needed, officials feared, because local draft boards may not immediately adjust themselves to the liberalised standards of essential work set forth by Selective Ser-Director Lewis B. Hershey. WThc War Manpower commission informed its 1.500 U. S. employment service offices today that men 30 through 37 in essential industries are not expected to be inducted probablv "for the remainJer of the ^ar.” This was the first official ^tement that the over-30 group couid expect deferment through 1944. A committee on government deferments announced that government workers 30 and over will be ^cible for indefinite deferment iTnder the new policy and those 26-29 will be subject to the “necessary worker” standards applied to private industry. Requisition Made SPRINGFIIELD. I!1 . May 12—fA*) —Governor Dwighl H. Green today approved an Illinois requisition asking extradition of Soylo Villegos, 23. from Crystal City. Tex., to Chi-meo to face a charge of murdering his wife. Mrs. Louis Villegos. 26, whose body was shipped in a trunk from Chicago to Los Angeles. At Lubbock it was a different ductcd under ^ situation.. Both boards reported a nice backlog of reser\'es" and said they could meet quotas for two or three months easily without calling men 30 and over. Volunteers supplementing quotas there given consideration. Some men over 30 are in the May call in one board in Harrison county and the board there an awaiting the directive. The othe board, however, is filling May quota. and passibly June's with i under 26. Wichita county ■ boards have been concentrating on i under 26 and have enough to fill one or two more calls. But at Sherman, the Gray county board No. 2 reported it will be short for the May call and that only new registrants and a few men changing employment will be available for subsequent quotas. The Travis county draft beard generally is relying on men 26 and under plus volunteers to fill the quotas, advices from Austin said. It was indicated that those above 26 would not be called during the summer. Pour local boardi> at Corpu.s Christi have cancelled orders of all men over 26. while one board was able to fill its quota with younger men. All board members expressed the desire for a clarification of numerous orders, especially the definition of “essential.” come through battles more terrible than those fought in the great daylight attacks on Berlin. Fortresses and fighters were blowing up all over tlie sky, one American flier said, and several escorting fighter pilots declared that their combats with the German defenders were more vicious than any in which they ever had participated. In spite of this tremendous opposition the American airmen plunged through successfully and saw their bombs drop with ^hat the communique described as “good results” on the assigned targets. Besides the .strategic success j against the oil plants, the bombers ' and fiphtpr.s dealt the bnleaguered Luftwaffe its heaviest blow since Allied 176 Nazis were shot down in the March 6 assault on Berlin. Of the 160 German i^lanes destroyed today, bomber gunners accounted for 84 and fighter pilots 66. The American attack al.^-o hit an aircraft repair plant and railway yards at Zwickau, scuth of Leipzig. ThLs assault, a sudden .switch from the repeated attack.^ against rail yards near the invasion coast ABILENE MARINES NOW BOUGAINVILLE VETERANS These lifetime friends who reside in Abilene are serving in the South Pacific. They are veterans of the Bougainville campaign. On tiic left is Pfc. Albert H. Jordan, 1601 Palm, who formerly operated a grocer.y store, and on the right is Pfc. Paul Stark? whose sister, Mrs. Ida Franklin, lives in Abilene. Marine Stark was formerly a tilesetter. (Official U. S. Marine Corps Photo). First of 'Final' Drives Fails Elsewhere; Resistance Strong ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Saturday. May 13—(AP)—The Allied Fifth and Eighth Armies punched out gains as deep as two and three miles yesterday on the first day of an all-out offensive officially described as the first "of the final battles” to destroy the Germans, it was learned early today. At other points of the strongly fortified Gustav line the Allie.s were blocked by furious resistance after launching their big push at 11 o'clock Thursday night on a blazing 25-mile front from Cassino to the Gulf of Gacta. Sharp German counter-attacks in some instances also eliminated initial Allied gains. The exact localities where the Allies penetrated from two to three miles could not be divulged pending an official announcement. Allied fighter-bombers gave close support all day tn the attacking men of many nationalities, and A-36 dive-bombers scored hits on an important German post. The Allied command, recalling unfavorable results of its early optimism on previous tlirusts in Italy, contcndlcd itself with the bare declaration that Uie attack had begun, but the top commanders bluntly stated that their aim was to destroy the German armies in Italy and they confidently predicted success.    I- aps Make Advance on •urther Chinese Doughboys of many nationalities surged forward under an unprecedented aerial covei and with support of the greatest artillery barrage ever loosed in the Mediterranean area. Tlie Germans resisted .strongly on all sectors in furious fighting. But by tonight the Allies had gained initial objectives at some points and at one spot had advanced approximately 2.000 yards. Tlie Fifth and Eighth Armie^s. completely regrouped since the By KAY CRONIN Associated Press Woe* Editor Japaiivise attacks, Jed by heavy tank and armored car formations, further endangered the Chinese armies battling in Honan province yesterday. ! But on the other wing of the long Asiatic battle line da together more than 3.000 BritLsh-based planes took part in the day s operations and dropped a total of at least 5.500 ioils of bombs. Med« ium and light brmbers kept up the hammering of German coastal installations. airfield.^ and rail centers behind the Atlantic wall. At night German radio stations warned that Allied planes again were approaching and a broadcast from Budapest likewise warned Ibat raiders were approaching t h e Hungarian capital. American heavy bomber.«, In probably their haul over land with the exrcption of the Re- Sec BOMBINGS. Pg. ?,. Col. 6 forces made initial , progress in a campaign to' clear Nippo!i troops from strong hill positions on the outskirts of Kohima, north-cast India. Meanwhile the United States Navy reported that American submarines have added a Japanese destroyer and 13 merchant ships of to tlieir large bag of enemy .ship-Al- ; ping and that carrier .squ^'drons Reds Finish Up Crimean Drive LONDON. May {r(i army wiped r rninant.s trapped lol on Ciipe Kh<-i> The 12 ul the .v(\st of Sevn )nr.s today, end- Husband of Abilene Woman Is Wounded Mrs. Buck Primm.'^e of Abilene has been informed bv the War department that her hii.-^bai.d. a member of the 45th divi ly wounded in actio in the last eight month.*- destroyed ; 1,22D Nippon aircraft. Sweeping across the Yellow river from Shansi province, the Japanese cut the east-west Lunghai railway 48 miles west of Loyang, Tins severed a vital retirât line for several hundred thousand Chinese troops on the Honan plains One Japanese spearhead vas only five miles from Loyang on the .south while another was 13 to 18 mile.s cast of the city. Fierce fighting was reported on all Honan fronts. Allied southeast Asia headquarters reported successes in in the Kohima sector. Allied artillery shattered Jap ai^ese concentrations south of Kohima while fighting raged on the Palel road In the Imphal sector. American airmen in the Indin-Burma theater suffered no losses blasted down 1 ul Romani rrri. Masc .’eek-olfi Germnn vlncii 1:^7,',87 Go nns weic killed o nnouncrd tonight LONDON. May 12 —i/P— The Berlin radio claimed today the first American thrusts had been repulsed near CasteUo.rtc in the ..Allied offensive In Italy and the 'livaxl propaganda mill ground out a story that Field Marshall Erwin Rommel might counter the impendlnxr drive from the west with an Invasion of Great Britain. bloody and indecusive battle of Ca.s-sino two months ago. struck together. The Germarus recovered quickly from the earth-shaking barrage tiiat occompanied the attack — .*iome of It from Ainnrican 240 milli-Axis ' meter g\ms firinR 350-ponnd pro-- t jectiles. The NazLs used flamethrowers at many points and coun-ter-attackf'd shnrjilv ns oj-)portnni-ty offered Allied officers appeared .satisfied, however, with early re- CLARK VISITS FDR TO TALK DRIVE WASHINGTON, May 12—■.T’> — As a preliminary to the new Allied offensivr now underway hi Italy. Lt, Gen Mark Clark, commander of the Fifth Army, recently made a secret trip to tlii.*; country and c'nferred with Pre.vident Roasevelt It was learned that Clark went secretly to Mr, Roosevelt s vacation hideaway on the plantation of Bernard M. Bnruch in South Carolina, The General, now back In Italy directing a major segment of the new offensive, also cajnfeiTCd with top officlaî5 in Washington. Including Gen, George C. Marshall. Armv chief of staff. ot ir Axis toll jipp: ti-i, tlu-by the Soviet in .said Russian j)hi 1C Black .sea tirct ; tly br. and !ink I tOtHi 191 .'-hips, InchKiin« 69 transport, a/id .56 high-.-^pi’ed ).indJn« barge winch thp enemy wa.'i UMnn both tor supply and evacuation during the Crimean debacle. More than 20,000 Germnns and Romanians were killed in the final thrce-day battle which toppled Sev-a.stopol last Tue.sclav, and more than 50,000 were killcrl in the overall 34-day canipainn wliich began A]>nl 8. said tlie broadcast recorded b.v    S''\iet JiK>njtor. A total of tíl,()87 ( iiciny troops was captured in the campaign, including Li'tuenant General Boheme, commander ot the German Fifth army. MfKscow .said. Of U4.561 were takfii ni the [>iia.'>c of tlie bat-tl«' which ifgaincd the big fortre.s.s-of Sevastopol as a pas- p- ! suits. SlartiiiK with the first streaks of dawn. Allied warplanes in record r.umbers joined Ihe a.ssault and look almast complete control of the sky as they smashed at every enemy target in siRht along the battle line and ripped tiie enemy s rear areas. Allied heavy bombers in support he ground offensive smashed at m primary targets. including the German headquarters towns of Maivsa D'Albe. three miles north of Avezznno. SCHOOL BOARD GIVEN MONEY TO BOOST SALARIES OFTEACHER-S FROM APR Abilene city commissioners in regular session yesterday voted S20.000 extra to public schools for teacher salary increases this year boosted by 30 cents amount of the tax levy to be used for school maintenance next year. In less than five minutes, with three brief motions, the city fathers took action on the hotly con-•^.ted pay hike proposals and pre-Mited School Board Chairman Paul McCarty a voucher for $20,-000 to be applied to salaries until the current school year ends Sept. 1. No suggestions were made by f^incilmen as to the distribution or the funds, but McCarty said the . current money would be divided among all the school employes and in effect give them a $16.66 raise for this yearr- beginning April 1 ending with the September The teachers, in their repeated requests, had asked for a $16.66 raise ($200 a year) retroactive to last Sept. 1. This would have taken $44.400. No accurate e.stimate can be made on the amount of the increase allowed schools for next year under the levy proportion, Mayor Will W. Hair said, because it will be based on tax valuations and rates of collection. On the basis of records this year it would amount to some $60,000, he said. The increased levy will be sufficient to allow teachers a $200 raise in yearly base pay next session, McCarty declared, and new contracts being drawn will call for it. Under the city charter 80 cents out of the $2.50 tax levy must be set aside by the commission for , school uses—bonds and sinking funds and maintenance. For a was slight- fighters. Ital;-'. April u. S. Pacific fleet headciuartcrs 15.    said the destruction of 1.22D Ja- : She previously had received a pañete aircraft by Navy carrir-r , letter from, who is from scjuadrons in eight months, in-Elmore City, Okla . stating he had volved the loss of only 164 Arncr- ' been in a hospital.    ; ican planes. Many of the Amer ican airmen manning the ^ planes were rescued.    ' Of the total, which did not include 54 Japanese planes shot down , by task force anti-aircraft batter- : ies, 657 were destroyed in aerial combat. The carrier forces, in 19 maior raids, ranged as far west as the Palaus islands, about 550 miles off i the .southern lip of the Philippinc.s ! In the carrier operations the Amei-lean forces lost only one surface ship, the E.scort Carrier Ll.scombe Bay, which was sent dt)wn by h submarine torpedo. In his communique from the Southwest Pacific Gen. Doug* las A. MacArthur indicated recently captured Hollandla airfields have afforded his planes hopping off bases for westward patrols toward the Philippines. Patrol planes bombed a small Japanese freighter 300 miles east of Palau. j.< I Romii *• west, and freed R ' tor the looming n.sive Gern IndicaiiOiiK were fl i.s raging on tlu-(■ lower Dne.str ri' 200 mile.s It was truly an Allied force that fought forward tonight through a maze of the slronRotl dcfen.scs encountered hy probably any army In this war. There were Ameritans, British, French troops had the honor of New Zealanders, Italians and Poles. French troops had the honor of .striking first In the mountains near Cassino. some 15 minutes before the main bo<ly «*f Infantry sprang forward in t)ie dark- See ITALY. Pg. 3. C ol. I Hitler Line Next i rajor Step Ahead Bv I.YNN HEINZERLING WITH THE EIGHTH ARMY IN ITALY. May 12— fAPl — British. Indian and Polish troops locked in a bitter and bloody struggle with the Germans at the rugged Gustav line appeared to be progressing favorably today in what is undoubtedly the greatest battle to date in the Italian campaign. The Nazis resisted bitterly In all sectors with the same fanatical tenacity they show-ed at Cassino. They counter-attacked one Allied unit five times, but In the early hours of the fight a number of German prisoners were taken and a small number of enemy tanks destroyed. It was too early to make def> nite forecasts on the course of the ground attack of unprece« dented fury on German fort-Iflctlon.H that followed last night's pulverizing artillery barrage by the Allies. Allied gunners who opened the flyhf lust before midnight last night with the most concentrated artillery blast in the Eighth Army's hl.siory rakod German position.^ behind the Rapido river, at Cassino, and up the Lirl valley again today Moved from the Adriatic sector of the front and a.sstgncd the task wiiicli first the American, then the New Zealand troops failed to ac-(omphsii, the Eighth Army threw more weight and power Into the new as.sault than it ever before employed Whether the enemy line cracks iinmedlatelv or not. the Germnns face a bloody and costly .struKgle. Both sides have powerful armored iinlis and a free-for-all slugging matcii appear.s imminent. Along the Rapido river the .See Gl STAY LIVE. Pg. 3, Col. 2 The Weather COMMERCE GENERAL PUBLIC DISAPPROVES OF MRS. ROOSEVELT AS WORLD TRAVELER NOW, GAILUP POLL DISCLOSES number of years this s\im has been supplemented by the council. Last year this was divided. 32 cents for bonds and 48 cents for maintenance, with the commission transferring Id cents from the general fund. This gave the schools the revenue from 68 cents for running expenses and salaries, making $1.00 from the total tax levy. Under the new set-up the council cut the amount set aside for bonds next year to 20 cents, leaving 60 cents of the charter money for maintenance. To this they voted to add the revenue from 38 conts of the $1..50 levy. This will give 98 cents for running expenses and salaries and a total of $1.18 from the $2.50 levy to be used by the schools. The agreement was worked out by commissioners and board members in conference Friday morning. Mayor Hair said. Six Japanese planes w’ere shot down during a 30-mlnute aerial combat over Truk Wednesday- as American bombers blaste' warehouses and hangars with 96 tons of explosives. Other Pacific air hits were against the Carollne.s, the Marshalls. the Schoutens and the north coast of New Guinea. By GEOIUiE GALLI P Director. American Institute of Public Opinion PRINCETON. N J. Mav 12 — ' Most of the people with wliom I talked bccame very much excited and voluble on this subject . . . Almost everyone laughed heartily and enjoyed thinking up an answer. . . Everyone I talke d to was interested and had a lot to say. one way or another.' The comments above are the per-.sonal reactions of field reporters for the Gallup Poll when they asked voters to say what think of the travels of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, which seem to GALLUP have attracted more attention and in.'^pned more comment tiian tiir ti avels of Marco Polo, For those interest-d in statistic.s alone, it can be noifd that 36 pfi' cent of those interviewed give com-mcnt.s jndicaimg complete or quail-field approval of the trips. Forty-five per cent indicate disapproval. Thirteen per cent say they do nof feel that the First Lady's trips are any of their concern. Six per cent offer no comment. Men are more inclined to disapprove of the trips than women. Fifty per cent of the men give comments Indicating disapproval. 3.? per pent approval. The women are about evenly divided In their attitudes, 40 per rent indicating approval, 39 per cent disapproval. Seventeen per cent of the men, 21 per cent of the women either give no comment or say ihe trips are none f ategonca! the conitnrn' > t as they do the vidual reaction ti avels; hem.s‘'lvr.s, r^'vcaling wirie range ('f indi-to Mrs. Roosevelt's “Done a lot for m o I a 1 c ; better than if she sat home at her knitting . . . Shows her courage and ability . . . Okay by me; slie tries to encourage the bovs the . . . 'lYlps First Lady make tlie people feel Mrs, Roosevelt is one ol them . . . All right with me. Jf ihe spends . her o^^Ti money . . . Marvelous 1 | Wonderful' Groat public relations!    ♦ . . . Bo\,s seem to like it: feel sorry for olfj bov in the White House, though ■■ • I don't thmk all this traipsing about I.- dignified . . . Makes her look ridiculous when she gads about too much ... I’m bitterly opposed to her trips; it means she’s noti sacrificing the way we are , ...    ■ She's taking advantage of the war to go sightseeing . . . Unnecessary! Smacks too much of the royal family ... If there Is room on the trains and planes, lots of the boys would like to see their own wives, moth.-* ers. and sv-’cethearts . . . Globa« ■ lo)je>' . Maybe.the trips have^, political \nlue tg th»* President; ihev’re annoying . <40 *. the ‘ averse: American . . . She’d ^ bet, stay. ^ home like thjp. rest ot ;