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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 12, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Pearl Harbor JMoy Quote -May SO.S957S LXIII, NO. 3291 WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT A TEXAS ABILENE, TEXAS- FRIDAY MORNING, MAY J2, 1944 PAGES Xwodoied Pint (AP) Vnlltt Prw IV f.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Duration Call of Men Over 29 Unlikely [Principal- Nazi Rails Receive Heaviest Hammering WARPLANES DROP IONS OF EXPLOSIVE j LONDON, Friday, May Nazis' anti-iiiva- jion transportation network was given its.most devastating 'I'ounding ot the war yesterday by Allied warplanes which dropped tons of bombs, and early today RAF 3 night raiders carried the offensive into its 28th consecutive :j day with a new attack on the coast of northern France. j The seaside town 'of Folkestone, on England's channel there, reverberated from the shock of the high explosives blasting targets in the darkness across the Strait of Dover. The raid lasted only a short lime, starting soon after a great force of heavy bombers roared'across to the'contin- ent, and appeared to be con- centrated in the vicinity of the port of Boulogne. But while it lasted the ground j JJombs Set fires j Over Truk Base; iHoleai Blasted ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUA- TERS. New Guinea, Friday, May 3 J2 Liberator bombers from Solomons set fires on Japan's Naval base of Trulc Wednesday and other cratered the runway of Woleai'ln the western Carolines Tuesday, headquarters reported to- day. The Liberators went over Truk Shortly before noon Wednesday, pressing their attacks against a de- fense of 20 Japanese fighters. One Liberator was shot down. 1 At Woleal, 525 statute miles west of Truk, there were two attacks. one at Midday and the other at night. Twenty-eight tons j of bombs were dropped, in the mid- 2 day attack and smoke irom the' resultant fires rose feet. These Caroline'raUls from the south and. Bqnthw'ett. Pacific are integrated with other at- tacks on ihose bombers from thlfMarshall is- lands, j.. y, Todiy's commnniqoc also told of bombing and sira.'i.ij attacks by all-types of planes Wednes- day at Wewak and bay on New Guinea. Those are the sectors where Japanese garri- sons trapped between Aiexisha- fen and Aitape are reported concentrating. I j On the southeastern end of that Irap, headquarters said today that Australians have moved near to Cape Croisilles, 16 of Alexishafcn. The gap between those Sixth little !l "fWussies and the American Army forces at Aitape over 200 miles. In the by-passed .Wewak area more than 100 tons of aerial explq- scl fires to the enemy's arouhd Folkestone trembled and windows and dishes rat- tled. The daylight raids by American and British formations made up of all types of bombers and lighters mauled 19 different Nazi rail cen- ters as well as other targets. The attackers encountered little fighter opposition and varying degrees of anti-aircraft fire. The U. S. Strategic Air Forces, announcing the results of assaults on 11 German-used railway yards in Belgium. France, Luxembourg and western Germany by the Eighth Air Force, reported 16 heavy bombers and ten fighters failed to return. Eighteen enemy planes were shot down in these operations, three by gunners aboard the bombers and 15 by the escort- ing fighters. "Bombs dropped In clear weather' with generally satisfactory the Cflm- uunique siid "Enemy (ijhitr opposition' iWas weak." v" In by Fortresses and Liter'- of the rAir "Force, other- Allied light arid figh't- ir bombers and-fighters back and forth across France and he lowlands, pounding eight, other vital rail centers as well as mili- ary Installations along the Inva- sion coast. Seven of the railway targets were 'lit late this afternoon by a force of possibly Flying Fortresses and fighters which raided the yards at Brussels and Liege in Belgium, Luxembourg in the Duchy of that name, Sarreguemines in France, end Saarbrucken, Ehrang and Konz in 'Germany's Saar basin. The widespread attacks against See BOMBINGS, ff. 2, Col. 2 TIN FISH NIPS NIP remarkable photo shows a Jap tanker being struck squarely amidsliip by a torpedo launched from a carrier-based Navjr plane during attack on Truk, Japs' great naval and air'base in the Carolines. Note straight wake of torpedo and, crossing it, erratic path of sec- Berlin Says Crack Allies Leave Italy ylBindling stores of supplies. Enemy Dutch New Guinea ait i bases barring the way to the Pliiiip- l pines from captured Holiandia con- i tinued to feel tile neutralizing sting of the Fifth Air Force which once .1 mere went after airfields in the islands. By-passed New Ireland and Rabaul. New Britain, were given their daily blasting by fight- ers and bombers from the Solo mons. Headquarters reported tha torpedo boats, increasingly vmnoui comirmauon irom rtiuea auuuumes, nisi Allies are .withdrawing .tlieir crack the Cas- eith eranization or for efnlorneht NEW YORK, May Berlin radio said to- night, without confirmation from Allied authorities, that "the Allies sinb front" r The move is either for efnployrneht of "these experienced troops for.other tasks the broadcast dispatch.said, without Vtfenipfing to guess which. The transmission was recorded by. Ihe Associated Press. Nazis Make Heavy Cassino Assault If active in the area, moved into St George's channel between enemy- held New Ireland and the Rabaul region. Japanese shore batteries and a float plane unsuccessfully at- tempted to hit them. Army, Navy Request' i Strike Be Ended WASHINGTON. May (jP) The War and Navy departments on the Foremen's Assocla- 3 lion of America tonight to end a j strike which has lied up munitions j production at 13 plants In the De- 1 troit area. j Undersecretary, nf War Robert P. Patterson and ac'.lng secretary of Navy James V. Forrestal de- dared th? worfc stoppage1 is "cn- dangering the lives" of soldiers and sailors. Winters Youth Now Prisoner of Germans WINTERS, May Mr. and Mrs.' Fritj Kraalz have been notified by the International Red Cross that their son. Sgt. Leroy Kraatz, missing in action over Ger- many since March 23, is a prison- er of war in Germany, 't was not stated if he was wounded but he is presumed no I to be. No address was given, nothing said of what place he was held. Sergeant Kraatz was an englneer- junner en a bomber, went over- ;eas in February, after going into ;ervice in October 1942, He was born a few miles from here, attend- ed Dale and Gochran schools and was associated with his parents in terming and ttock-raising before soing into service. Ihe Weather ALIJED HEADQUARTERS, Na- ples, May mortar and artillery assault on Allied posi- tions in the Casslno area and an exceptionally concentrated artillery barrage against the centra- sector of the Allied beachhead perimeter were announced today by Allied headquarters. The Germans sent single planes over the Allied positions in the Cas- sino area to strafe forward posi- tions, but they caused no damage, headquarters, announced in Its daily communique. Action was stepped up virtually along the entire Italian front yes- terday aflcr the German artillery onslaught reached a peak the night before when about shells were aimed at the Filth Army's posi- tions within .a half hour. At tile same time the Germans sent 15 planes to raid the beachhead port but- no damage resulted. Anti-air- craft fire bagged two of the raid- ers. -Patrol actions ako increas- ed. Allied raiding parlies captured a number of prisoners and infllct- jed casualties. One party yesterday. Ex-Albany Coast Guardsman Dies ALBANY, May Nich- ols, 22, son of Mr. and Mrs. Boyce R. Nichols Sr., now living in Cali- fornia, has been killed in action parents have been advised. jermans Launch ieavy Assault Near Tiraspol LONDON, May 11 The Hermans launched a strong assault :oday against the Soviet brldgeheai northwest of Tiraspol on the long- quiet lower Dnestr river front In Bessarabia, both Moscow and Ber- lin announced, but the Russians said the attack was repulsed with heavy Nazi losses while the Ger- man ccmamnd claimed the Soviet holdings were wiped out. Elsewhere on the long Russian front the lull continued. "During May II on the right bank of the Dnestr river northwest of Tiraspol, our troops..repulsed at- tacks by large forces of enemy In- fantry and tanks and inflicted on them heavy losses In men and ma- said the Soviet midnight communique, broadcast from Mos- cow. The German high command, plac- ing "Ihe action in Ihe same area, ibout 65 miles northwest of Odessa, aid: "At the luirer Dnesir our dlrl- slons, effectively supporled by German and Romanian battle planes, broke through Iht enemy bridgehead position on the western bank of the river; they penetrated deeply into the enemy artillery positions and mopped up Ihe entire bridge- head. The Soviets suffered heavy casualties and lost more than 500 prisoners, 163 suns and trench mortars as well as 'other weapons." The Russians ttox Tiraspol, on the east bank of the Dnesir, Aprl li -and Immediately.- inereiller es tabiishcd their bridgehead 'on th "west'bank: I'ts extent never has bee Indicated, but the'Wont there has been eom.iaratively quiet more than three weeks. The German communique also as- serted German and Romanian forc- es still were hanging onto the ex- treme tip of the peninsula west of Sevastopol on the Crimea. Some clues to Hie scale of the combat northwest ot Tiraspol were contained in the 'German reference to "divisions" and in a Soviet com- munique supplement which called Roy Fuller Made Draff Board Clerk resignation of Clint Stewart as clerk of Taylor county's selective service board no. 2 was announced here yesterday Kternoon. DEFERMENT GIVEN ALL NECESSARY MEN 26, OVER WASHINGTON, May A blanket draft defer; ment for "an indefinite period" was ordered tonight for all men 30 and over in essential industry, and "necessary" men of 26 through 20 were promised civilian status "for the time being." I Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, selective Service director, lold a news conference he hoped "for the time being" would mean six months. as applied to registrants 30 and over might mean six months or longer, he said. A more definite prediction I I Essential Lists can not be made, Hershey said, because the trend of cas- ualties and strategic develop- ments cannot be forecast, ft appeared likely, however, that men over 29 will not be called this year, and possibly not for the duration. instructed local draft boards to review immediately the cases of men in both age groups who have, been classified 1-A nnd '10 grant occupation deferments In line with the broad new policy. CLINT STEIVAHT Ke will be succeeded by Roy C. Fuller, longtime resident of Abilene and former county treasurer. Ap- wlntment of Fuller by the local loard was approved yesterday by J. Watt Page, state director of se- lective service. Puller will lake over his new du- ties on May IS. Stewart, who has served with board 2 since Its organization on Oct. 16, 1WO, resigned to accept a position with the Hamlin Sand and Gravel Co. as manager of the pits at the iilaul in -southwest Taylor county. Stewart has been i .farmer In Agricultural workers are riot af- fected. Hcrshcy asserted employers should appeal any contrary decision made by a local board. It a board cannot meet Its monthly dralt calls without dipping Into the necessary men of 26-29 or into the 30-nnd-up group In csscn- Industry, Hershey declared: "The board should let the calls ride." "We believe there are entire- ly adequate resources of man- power in the 18-45 group and among older men not In essen- tial lines of he explain- ed. "It one board his to pass up Iti call, other boards will have people." Men Ihrough 31 previously have been eligible for occupational de- ferment only If lliey were "neces- sary May Be Extended By Local Boards WASHINGTON, May -i The new draft policy expands the) list of activities rated as "essential" (o the war by giving local boardl blond authority to add to the list the community for many.- V. S. BfTARTMF.XT OF COMMERCE NFATHER BUREAU AB1I.ENC AM) VtCt.VlIT: I rtld.y TEXAS ranlr clnir Ft and wUdy lcalltruUcre< trinxttu HiinlcnUtiiu Itj and Se.lh Fl.ini Frtiar and I; Del Hie Eitlc Pecoi TEMrERATVRES AiThnrl. AM Wit. IIOLB TM Vfti. a I _ 1 (A r.i .1... "9 II w Umpcralnrei to tt ;t a ts -t KJ( 10 67 tj _ ;t nigh and p. m. IS and High and low itme dale lait yett: 13 and SI. IMi mitrnTnr.' Snnitt lonljtl: earner as a Jap 500 pound bomb explodes almost on ton en during dive-fapmbmg at- ,ank support, f '.ruck at encmy- houses two mi'.cs southwest of listerna, and an American officer and three men captured a dozen irisoners. No further word reported by he Allied command on the where- abouts of Eighth Army troops had occupied three villages duty in the North Atlantic when II a day of "stiff fighting." "About a regiment of German In- fantry was wiped the Rus- sians announced. Twenty-three _ ..-man planes were shot down and 60 German tanks destroyed. War Casualties Pass mi WASHINGTON. Hay American war casualties passed the this week as the ad- dition of 3.013 names biought the (ola! since the war began to The additions compared with C.005 casualties recorded In the pre- vious week. The new figures added 122 to the Army's list of dead, raising i1 to and 529 to the Navy's i bringing It to 19.221. Other new figures: an In- crease of 2.003 13'. ,009 hav- recov- ered and returned to iulyK miss- 33.715. a decrease ot 99; prls- onrrs of war, an increase of an in- with- los; actlon. A chaplaln from decrease of three. (The decreases in the Army to- tal of missing and trie N: y total of prisoners of war wer' not plnined. They could be accounted Mr. Nichols left that night for I for by transfer of names from or "key" men. Tills yard- stick still applies to men 26 through 28 btf; even an unskilled worker In ,now may deferred..- teawydf: !5 subject' needs change.-.and" emphasised that local boards -Etill at their discretion. The official "list of essential ac- livlties" -by Ihe War Man-, power commission and covering 35 broad occupational fields, Is to bo used as a guide in granting defer- ments. Activities previously desig- nated as "locally in indfi vidual cities also carry deferment vary from place to place. Now, In addition, local boards may decide that men not covered by either of the previous lists may be deferred If, In the board's judg- ment, Ihcy are "engaged in activ- ities in support of the national health, safety or Interest." These may Include activities re- lated to utilities, food, clothing, health, safety and "other services or endeavors required for Ihe pre- servation and effectiveness of the life of a nation at war." 'The list covers, activi- ties, imder'lhese hVadlrigsi .Production of-aircriH ROY FULLER. Fuller, a world war 1 veteran, served with the 27th division in France In 1918. He was county treasurer for five terms, serving from Jf-Ji. 1. 1933 to Dec. 31, 1942. Prior to that time he was connect- ed with Radtord Grocery Co. here for !2 1-2 years. Fuller resigned as office clerk for Sinclair Oil Co. to accept the selective service position. The Fullers and their four chil- dren reside at 2301 Hardy. local to take B man. even In an 'essential Industry, "if the board believes he is not making, the .'best use of .his efforts in frie 'Die .new action automatically dissolves the ttmproray stay of In- ductions of men over 25 In war- supporting industries, Hcrshcy said, so that boards may resume the In- ductions of men not-covered by the new standards. Ipcal draft boards In deter- mining eligibility for defer- ments will be juUcd by Mice- live service's basic list ot 35 essential activities, but Ihcy may enlarge ihe list at their discretion. There will be no casing of Ihe rigid requirements now in effect for occupational deter- ments for registrants 18 through 25. "Tlie attenlion now centered on the 18 through 25 group will tic re- moved to the 26 -through 23 regis- trants when they arc needed by the arimd forces and the supply of physically fit men In tlic 18 through 25 group Is substantially exhaust- ed." selective service said. In states where tlic supply ot youngest men is small, Induction calls are expected to be in propor- JOiiwiu and agri- cultural and commercial fishing; processing ot food; forestry, logging.- lumbering and forest Industries; construction; coal mining; metal mining, non- metaiHc mining and processing ahct quarrying; smelting, refining and. colling .of metal, and scrap salvage; production of meta! slmpcs and forgings; finishing of metal pro- ducts; production of Industrial and, agricultural equipment; production of machinery. Also, production of chemicals and allied products; rubber products; leather products; textiles; apparel; production of stone, clay and glass products; production of petroleum, natural-gas and petroleum and coal products; production of finished lumber products; production of transportation equipment; trans- portation services; oroductlon ot pulp, paper and materials for pack- ing and shipping products; produc- lion of communication truipment; communication services; heating, power, water supply and illumin- ating services; repair services; health and wellari. services; educa- tional services; governmental ser- vices: technical, scientific and man- agement services. The list specifies In detail the various activities under each of these broad headings aro rated essential. near Monte Marrone an Italian corps of Liberation, an of- ficial announcement j has been built up from one snail motorized group "until it includes whole bat- day to break (he news to the boy's father who was visiting here at categories to otheis.) talions of all the fan.ous units of Ihere Friday morning will convey night, attacking rounding out about 2.0W sorties by the Allied Medlterrantar air forces during the day and nljht, head- quarters announced. Bong Favors More Gunnery Practice WASHINGTON. May MciJ. Richard -I. Bong