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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 11, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Pearl Harbor May Quota May Sales S LXIII, NO. 328. WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT A TEXAS NEWSFAMR ABILENE, MORNING, MAY 11, 1914 -TWELVE PAGES Prat (AP) VnIM Prni PRICE FIVE CENTS New Japanese Atrocities Are Revealed BY MURLIN SPENCER A ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New Guinea, Thursday, Tlay 11 Japanese atrocities, Including nailing Chinese to palm trees by driving Iron spikes through their foreheads, were made public today simultaneously with the release oJ a headquarters report that. Am- erican Invaders of Kollandla and Ailape freed 707 enemy prisoners. Gen. Douglas MacAithur's communique said that 452 of the 707 were .Sikhs who are natives of India. At (he same time, the Australian department of Information announced that the liberated Sikhs stronjly indicated Japanese treatment of them. Some of the Sikhs were quoted by the department as saying: "On an 18 days march from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur Malaya) we were herded along a road like cattle. At o.ie place we saw a number .nf Chinese who had been nailed to palm trees with iron spikes driven their foreheads. "Fifteen Sikhs who had become 111 were put to' death at Ra.baul (New ''On a ship which took us to the Admiralty Islands, we were herded below decks like cattle 2.COO of us." 'A ''The men were frequently beaten with sticks and rifle butts. 'At Manus In the Admiralty islands since capture Mac- we had to dlr slit trenches for the Japanese but were left entirely unprotected ourselves." I witnessed the liberation of a number of Sikhs at Hollandla as the 24th division moved across the mountains to drive on the Ho'.landla air- field. Tiie Sikhs I saw appeared to be in fair physical condition, better than the condition of the American, Australian, German and Dutch missionaries who were liberated later. (Although Spencer mentioned German Mac Arthur's communique old not specify A Sikh by the name of Jemadar Shlngara Singh told of seeing the Chinese nailed to the palm trees. "We were told by our he said, they had been sus peeled of helping guerillas, mostly. Australians, who stiU were tight ing determinedly in inland areas (of 'The Japanese tried to make us shave off our beards and when we we did get meat It was always unclean. On the way to Mnnus Island, 35 Sikhs died and were thrown overboard. We kept under the hatches ant were allowed two cups of water a day for everything washing and drilling." 9 The liberated prisoners represented by far the largest unmber re- captured from Japan In any phase of the Pacific Islands war. The only other sizeable group thus freed was a detachment of Sikhs in the Ad- miralty islands. The Sikhs freed at and Ailape were Indian soldier! captured In the early slages of the Pacific, war. The Japanese were labor troops. The resl of the prisoners were mostly missionaries and other lypcs of civilians. Lance Nalk Gurnan Singh, one of the Sikhs, related incidents con- cerning the pulling to death of 15 of his comrades at Rabaul. "A close friend of mine reported to me the death of Havlldar Bah- adur Khan. He had become ill and apparently the Japanese decided against wasting time and medical supplies on him. "Bahadur Klian was given an injection and he died alraosl Im- mediately. The same Ihing. was done to at leasl 14 others lhal I know of in the same ca'mp." The freed Sikhs smiled particularly upon seeing American soldiers bring In Japanese prisoners. The Sikhs spent much of each day eating American rations and washing. Most of them wore uniforms with the Insignia they had when the Japanese captured them. Recently favored targets were hit anew by Allied alrforces. Head- quarters reported Filth Air force raids on the Schouten Islands to the lorthwest of Hollandla and on Wewak to the Southeast. The Thirteenth Air Force In the Solomons kept pounding away at Rabaul, New.Britain, and bases on New Ireland. In liie llollindli perimeter, American patrols Wiled 64 more of the enemy near Lake Scnlanl and on the slopes of the Cyclops moun- tains. Thirty-two others were captured. These brought the totals to 977 Japanese killed and 255 captured since the sector was Invaded April ti. In the Invaded Altape sector, 150 miles southeast of Hollandla, enemy losses today were reported as 525 killed and 32 captured. That made a total for the two simultaneous Invasions of Japa- nese killed and 291 captured as against announced American killed of 28 with 95 others wounded. The 291 Japanese constituted unusually large bag of prisoners. In the by-passed Wewak-Hansa bay sector of New Guinea, head- quarters said 100 tons of bombs were dropped on supply dumps, defense Installations and an airdrome. EUROPE BLASTED AGAIN f orrestal Nominated Secretary of Navy Planes Keep Up Air New Yorker Had Served 'Under Knox WASHINGTON, May 10 JAP) Under Secretary o! Tlavy James V. Forrestal, a Democrat and big Navy advo was nominated today by President Roosevelt for the .Navy's No. 1. job. as secretary '-fc> the late Frank. -Knox. Forrestal, one-time New York in- vestment banker and neighbor of the President. in Dutchess county, N. Y., has been undersecretary for UNITS SET TO EVACUATE NON-COMBATANTS ON D-DAY LOSDON, May 10 -Emer- gency unfis are poised and ready to-go Into action on D-Day to evacuate and care for non-com- batants in British coastal towns, it was disclosed today as the gird- ing of Allied might made the fourth anniversary of Hitler's vic- torious lunge against the low coun-1 tries one of somber fears for Ger-! mans. Details about the units were kept secret, but all have been assigned to their posts at coastal Invasion bases.. Some coastal regions have already been closed to civilians moved out to make room for Uoops: weapons ,.anc! anti-Invasion de- practicing for the invasion. The airways over Nazi Europe, reverberated to Allied bombs and Nazi propaganda broadcasts. Germans throughout Europe speculated as to the hour and place of the mighty attack, while mes- sages of hope anil caution were going oat, from the exiled govern- ments' of the little nations which since dawn four years ago have borne the heavy weight of Nazi oc- cupation. While the Nazi propagandists talked of "new units" and new fenses prepared by the German military machine, their principal propaganda medium, DNB, declar- ed "the decisive hour will come and it looks to us as if it will come oon." The agency also quoted Hitler's newspaper, Voelktscher Beobachter, as saying "we Indulge in no Illu- sions over the bitterness of the battle we will have to face." The German broadcasts empha- sized the thtme that Allied armies would -run into defenses such as have never before seen, and one broadcast told of entire villages in Holland having been flooded, add- ing: "The flooded areas arestrong- ly fortified with barbed wire de- fenses and some houses whtch still show above the water have been turned into nests of resistance." In London, Netherlands Premier Pleter S. Gcrhrandy declared in an address that Hitler was approach- ing his own doom through 'an In- strument he, himself, prepared Queen Wllhelmlna, in a Broadcast told her people she would Institute a "temporary governing body rep- resenting the people" just as soon as the country is liberated, to serve until new elections can be held. Offensive LONDON, Thursday, fleets of Al iied warplanes, totalling more than 3.5QO bombers and fight JAMES V. FORRESTAL lou years and since Knox's.dcat] on April 28 has been acting sccre tary. His appointment, urged by man Democratic and Republican con climaxes the Washingto career he started in 1940 when h gave up the presidency of a Wa' street investment firm to serve a a presidential assistant. As the Navy's No. 2 man. he wa Knox's right hand in building th Airld's biggest Navy, going fre quently lo Capitol Hill to testif before commixtees considering appropriations. At 52, 18 years Knox's Junio he will be one of Ihe younge. in the Presld'nt's cabinet. Congressmen on both sides ap plauded the Forrestal appolntme; and Chairman Walsh (D-Mass) the senate naval committee pr dieted speedy confirmation. Nazis' Pursuit ALLIED HEADQUARTER, Na- ,es, May 10- The Germans ave retreated across the little ventino river in a second day of ithdrawal on the British Eighth rmy front and Allied forces mov- g up behind them have occupied iree villages and are continuing press the pursuit. Allied head- uarters announced today. The German retreat has ranged rom seven to 11 1-2 miles from icir line as last announced several ago, althcugh some Allied orces have been well beyond it lore recently. In their advance behind the foe the Eighth army ccupied Palena, Fallascoso anc an Angelo and at last report was loving directly toward the Im- ortant German base of Sumona which is 11 miles beyond Palena nd about 33 miles from Ihe Adria Ic coast. Allied troops aUo felzci ilgh ground near the hamlet o Gambcrale, two miles northwest o San Angelo on the road to Palena Competent military quarters de :lared the Nazi withdrawal appear ;d to be without significance be .the enemy's natural desire t traighten his line and eliminate salient in the rugged mountains where lack of communications mad .arge-scale operations impossible. Base Fighter-Pilot First Lt. Edwin H. Crow, 28, stationed at Ahilenc Army Air Base, was illled yesterday afternoon about 4 o'clock when his P-41 fighter plane rashed and burned one-half mile north of the air base. Lieutenant Crow was a son of Jeff B. Crow, 0218 Prospect Ave., Dal- las. HE WAS REALLY SERIOUS ABOUT GOING SKATING Wednesday afternoon a mother :old her 12 year old son that he couldn't go to the skating rink. She refused him the necessary cash and thought that was that. But she underestimated her son. He got his father's 45. Police received a call later in the evening advising them lo come to the Hilton hotel lobby where a very young man was trying to sell a very big gun. The boy told the officers he had been trying to sell (he gun to get enough money to go skating. He was asking SI 5. The officers took the gun, sent the boy home. The Dallas officer, said to be an overseas veteran of the current war, was on a combat training flight In ils powerful Thunderbolt fighter plane when it crashed. Details of the lieutenant's record in World War Ii were not disclos- ed by Col. Harry "Weddington, base commander, but, fellow pilots said Lieutenant Crow had an enviable record as n fighter-pilot in 'the North African theater. Ills exploits there had won for him the Dis- tinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal and other honors. Colonel Weddlngton has appoint- ed a board of air force officers to investigate and determine the exact cause of the accident. Witnesses said the lieutenant apparently was From Russia SEATTLE, March The icv. Stanislaus Orlefhanskl, Polish- American priest who conferred with 'rcmler Stalin last week, arrived >y plane tonight from Moscow and declared that "at the proper time and place we will make a state- ment." Father Orlemanski conferred with Stalin and Foreign Commissar Mol- otov during a 12-day visit which has been sharply criticized by Catholic leaders in the United States. The Polish-American priest de- clared In Moscow that Catholicism would remain the religion of Poland and .that "Stalin will not tolerate any transgressions in this regard. Father Orlemanski is pastor of Our Lady of the Holy Rosary church Air Ace in Capitol WASHINGTON, May 10 Major Richard I. Bong, leadin American air ace in the Southwest Pacific, has arrived in Washington, the War department reported to- night. The War department gave no information about his plans, simply saying that he had arrived In the capital. Hopkins Recovering ROCHESTER. Minn.. May Hopkins, confidante of President Roosevelt, left here today for his home for further rest be- fore resuming his duties. Mayo clinic physicians said that his re- covery from abdominal surgery was "excellent" and that a nutritional disturbance has responded "encour- agingly to medical treatment." in Soringficld. He has expressed praise for the Russians, termed-them "a wonder- ful people and described Stalin and coming in for a landing when his ship nose-dived into a field and burned. Stamford Civilian Instructors Killed STAMFORD, May 10 Two civilian instructors, Herman t W. Giese, Jr., age 30, and editorial "we" In his statement, B. Berrey, 34. from the 2562nd ArmyjWhich was dictated to the reporter Air Forces base unit. Arledge field, i i" a careful manner. Father Orlc- Mololov as "Great men." Father Orlemanski at first re- to Identify himself to an As- sociated Press reporter who spotted him in the Boeing field air station. Upon being told that the reporter nhsolutely knew who he was, the Springfield, Mass., priest then gave out his statement. Asked what he meant by using ain and Italy, plastered Hil ler's Europe with some tons of bombs yesterday in the. 26th consecutive day of the historic aerial offensive, and there were indications that RAF night raiders were following up the daylight at- tacks. Shortly before midnight radio ilalions inyjhe rcich-and occupied territory gave warnings of ap- proaching planes and several of stations left the air afterward. (A 'nuisance" raid on Buda- pest was announced by the ra- dio in the Bulgarian capital In n brief broadcast recorded by the federal communications commlsion.) The daylight assault was spear- headed by American Heavy bombers based In Italy with attacks on Welner Neustadt In old Austria and Knln In Yugoslavia. American and British medium light and fighter-bombers from Britain spent the day in methcdtca blows at rail centers and an air field in France and Belgium. The continuing onslaught quickly followed overnight and pre-ilaun attacks by 150 RAF planes on 10 high-priority tar- gels lhal incluilcd the channel co.isl and the Paris and Berlin areas. German Installations along the French coast received probably their heaviest attack of the war. The American Liberators an Fortresses based In Brllaln sUye at home today, the first time In 1 days that a. full day has passe without at least one mission fo ers from bases in both Brit- SMILES OF and sea chiefs smile with Agreed Judgment in Will Contest Suit Judge Milburn S. Long in 42d district court W- Incsday entered an Arced judgment In the civil suit, Mrs. J. E. Cockrell, and others, vs. Ellolse C. Stevenson, and others, contesting the will of the late Mrs. TWO NAZI TRANSPORTS SUNK IN EVACUATING SEVASTOPOL were killed Monday as the result of the crash of a training plane. The instructors wcve on a routine training flight when the accident cccurrtd one and a half miles south of Spur at approximately P. M. A board of officers are invesllgat- ine the caus" of (he acldent. Giese. who resided at 628 Sast Oliver. Is survived by his widow and two children and his father, H. W. Giete of Marietta. Okla. Berrey, who redded at 639 Soyth Orient. Is survived by his widow and two chil- dren who live at Kansas City, Mo. The bodies were taken lo the Chandler Funeral home at Spur. Ficsc's body has been sent to Mar- '.ctta and Berrey's to Kansas City i for burial. manskt refused to elaborate. Airline passengers lists showed that the priest was scheduled to leave Seattle al 11 p. m. CWT for Chicago. The priest, whose visit to Russian has been the subject of widespread comment In the United States, avoided all questions put to him. He looked tired and his voice quavered at times. LONDON. May In one .smoke of the furi of Ihe final chapters of the fall curled over the ni of Sevastopol planes of the Black sea fleet sank two 4.000-ton German transports, a pairol launch and Ella Cockrell Duke. Dallas Scarborough represented Ihe defendants and Thomas L of Albany the plaintiff in drawing up the detailed agreement. AP to Signal Hour Of Invasion Prayer >VORK, PR., May 10 Mayor John L. Snyder today designated the Associated Press as the official r-ource of Information in the pro- claiming of York's hour of prayer on Invasion day, saying would prc- nna, i Roosevelt Slashes ._ .iiins. Experienced! ri'.lsh naval and military men pre- I far ictcd the Riiwlrns would have the I UUUyCI IUI Ml III J several high-speed landing craft and damaged several other vessels aboard which the Germans and Romanians were trying to flee, the Russians anno tonight. On the land fronts there were no important changes, said the Soviet midnight communique, broadcast from Moscow. port in working condition, 'in some i WASHINGTON, May 10 degree" within a very short time. Presidei.t Roosevelt slashed over and that possession would give I off preliminary cstl- i'jtjl mfidoncc before leading Amcricnti landings in (lie ndia area of Dutch New Guinea. Left (o right are: LO en. Robert L. Eichclhcrgcr of Urbana, Ohio; Maj. Gen. rederick A. Irving of Taufon, Mass.; Col, Frank S. Bowcn r., of Cedar Rauids, Iowa; Brig. Gen. Clovis Byers of Co- mibus, Ohio, and Rear Adm. Daniel E. Barbcy of Porfland, >re. (AP China's Fighting f Power on Line By LEONAHD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor China's military strength for the final drive against Japan may hang n the balance of two complex battles being fought miles apart, in lorlh Burma and Northern China. Communiques yesterday disclosed Allied armies have encircled snrl re tightening a cordon around the crack 18th Japanese army In North. Burma, major stumbling block" in jt. Gen. Joseph W. Stiiwcll's cam- to reopen a land route to -adly needed supplies to Clilna'3 oorly-cqutpped army. In China's Honan province the !apancse launched a new drive against strategic Loyang, now hrcatened from three sides. For hrce weeks the Invading armies have been steadily driving Iho ihlncse from Ihe province's wheat- Torpedo Sinks U. S. Destroyer WASHINGTON, May The U. S. Destroyer Lansdale was sunk by a torpedo in the Mediter- ranean last month and Lt. Kobcrt M. Morgcnthau. 24-year-old son of the big "dump trucks." The Italy-based Liberators an Forlrcsscs hit the Messerschmi factory ar.d nearby airfield at Wli r.er Neustadt, 27 miles south Vienna, for the sixth time, return ing to pound the buildings th survived the previous raids. They encountered heavy anti-aircraft fire and numerous enemy fighters, sev- eral of which were shot down, but nu figures were available for losses of either side. At the same lime a Liberator formation deall a new blow lo Knln, Yugoslav rail Junction 10 miles north of Splil and 30 miles norlhcast nf Sibciilk in an apparent "assist" lo Ihe See BOMBINGS, FIT. 5, Col. 1 Harper Van Ness, former Abilene resilient ami two-year sludrnl al Ilardln-Simmons uni- versity, was detached early in March as chief engineer of Ihe TJSS Lansilale afler two years duty aboard the destroyer. Lieutenant Van Ness, a nephew of Gladys Van Ness of AHicne and Mrs. Hcrschal Sclioolry of Fort Pierce, Fla., was returned to the slates for High! training at the Dallas Naval air slallon. ITALIAN SOLDIERS TRAINING TO SERVE WITH U. S. UNITS DALLAS. May 10 Ilnlbnland to obey soldiers who have been prisoners bv American military the secretary of treasury, was one of the last persons to leave ih broken vessel, the Ntivy disclosed today. Morgenthan Jumped over the and landed on (he tin-halted hc.id of a fellow officer who. however, was not hurl. Both men survived the ordeal includhiR a lengthy swim in the Mediterranean. "When most of the boys were off." said this officer. Lieutenant James E. of Belllnsham. Wash. "Lieutenant Morgcnthau yelled down that he was coming down. He Jumped over the side right on top of my helmet. Some- body eL-c Jumped and landed on my hf-lmet. I tcoX It off (hen ar.d started to swim away from the ship." The wtalher wns fair and theses; was calm when the Lr.nfdale was attacked by thi- rnfniy torpedo all orders or regula- according to of 's officers released by the Navy ands, often described by Chung- king as the probable starting point of a major offensive against Japan. The offensive has waited on the receipt of modem war equipment. Airborne Chindlls have blocked Japanese rail, river and road sup- ply lines the full southern length of the Myitkylna-Mogaung sector. Chinese and American troops ad- vanced from the northwest. Allied native troops, pushing down on the area from the north and north- cast, Inflicted heavy casualties on counterattacking Japanese. Jungles, hills and mud slow up the tightening cf the Allied noose. No such obstacles confront the mechanized Japanese armies In the flat areas of Honan. The newest force thrown Into the battle there the Yellow river Loyang. Other In- surged across northwest or vading spearheads have been stale- mated east of Loyang and atout seven miles to the south. Two other Nipponese coluirms were clearing Chinese Infantrymen out of the area for 75 miles southeast of Lo- Arid further to the southeast two more Japanese forces narrowed the uncap'.ured gap of the Pelping- Hankow railway to about ten milts. The Weather of war are In training In the south- west to serve In noncombat unit.< authorities. Tney be subject to the Soviet airmen dominance over the whole Black sea area immedi- ately and soon would make possi- ble increased trade with Turccy and opportunity to supply the Cri- mea and western Ukraine with lerul- lease supplies by water instead of The Germans contended there slill was sliff fighting on the Se-; the previous long rail routes. beaches on-the extreme Capture of the city after a 21- wcstern tip of the Crimean penln- day siege, clearing the Crimea In sula. Thai area is small and flat, in contrast with the hills arour.d Sevastopol Itself, so that if the Ger- man and Romanian remnants have indeed made a stand there, it was Hkely to be of short duration. The Russians already hart begun a 33-day campaign, was described mates in submitting to congress to- day a S4S.283.916.500 budget for the Army1 In Ihe fiscal year beginning next July 1. Eighth Service Command headquar- disciplinary action unclear the arti- ters said today following announce- [clcs or war, ,TS are American ment in Washington that Kalian i prisoners of war may volunteer for. Activated in the fame manner service against the common enemy. JM An-.Crican units, the Italian ser- An ordnance medium automotive i vice units are composed of prisoners maintenance company composed of [of war formerly held at LorrUburz. simultaneously with cpn'.munifine. These of two German torpedo planes participal- inK In the assault and reported t'.ial both were shot down by anti-air- craft crews whleh manned their guns until the necks were Italians is In training al Fort Elks, Texas, and ten engineer companies. He esked in new .six of them maintenance and four of appropriations anrl said would be nvallarle in unobli- gated balances from 1944. "This carry-over of 1944 funds has largely been made possible." the White House said, "by the reduc- by R Red star correspondent as a tton In the projected strength nf them petroleum distribution corn- s'. M.. Fort Monticcllo. Ark.. Ruston. I.a. Hereford. Texas. TV.nsc Italians loyalty Li questioned .and those not volunleer- panies, are being organized at Camp will remain in prisoner of war Claibome, La. Two quartermaster service com- panies and a headquarters and headquarters detachment. Italian camps where they will be en- gaged In agriculture and other labor as in the past. Italian.1; in the service units will ithe army, substantial reduction In [been formed. quartermaster battalion, also have wear the American uniform, hut jwith p'.ain buttons In.Mrad of Ihe Where the Russians would rr.cvc junit costs 'running from volume The Italians volunteered fts a re- U. S. army buttons. On their left German Ship Odin Sunk Off Norway STOCKHOLM, May 10 -HPl-The German fhlp Odin, carry- Ing a lull cargo of Swedish iron ore to Germany, wns sunk outside Narvik harbor In Norway tonight, a repor' from Klnina, Sweden, said. The frclRhtcr, r.cw. ap- parcnlly struck a mine snd s. nrrARTMEXT OF COMMERCE HEATHER BVRFAU AP.I1.FNF. AND VICINITY: Tarllr Iftorly clftndy TMMday and Friday; rallrrrd and IhBndershftwera Friday. EAST TF.XAS- rarlly (loBrty In flAudj Triariday and Friday: tratlrrrd rn and Ihondrnlitrms Frfday and writ and loath perlioBi Taatlday. Frrth nind< on- the raatl. 1VFST TEXAS: rarlly ctmdy rlnady thcridar and Friday. Wiiclr liiavrrl and Thursday and in Ttrl Rln-Eir.lr arra and ratl (if TtrM Rlvrr Ttidiy. Frrth to TEMrrRATVRtS AM HOUR Wed TM Tan. fij f.1 next was a question, but Lwow. old 'production, and reduction In ship- Polish gateway to eastern Europe, and Galati. which guards the the ......._ 'Vit ccnfuslon and the possibility .the gigantic task of repairing the [fields of Romania, loomed as of false leporls being heeded. [port of Sevastopol even while the I next logical major objectives, losses" The new huo'cet figure compares preliminary estimates of made last January. suit of the armistice with Italy, and! sleeves Ihey will wear a green uras-] a few minutes, accordir.s to because of the Mate of war now ex- Win? between Italy and Germany. They have promised '.o nt any place designated, Including overseas, sard with the word "Italy" in white block lelteis. Officers will uoar Ihe the report. Sixty or seventy German- and sj H'th and low n. 51 and Hifh ind di' tail U proper Italian insijn'la on the Am- Sorreglan pi'.ot were said to have I 6.u erlcan enlisted man's uniform. I been lost. s.nni tfoitati ;