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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 10, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE S^ice Pearl Harbor $16,836,965.25 May Quota    $    231,700.00 May Sales    $    47,860.?5 VOL. LXIII, NO. 327. ®fje Abilene Reporter -Brins WITHOU1 OR WITH OFFENSE TO FR/ENDS OR FOES WE SKL! CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS COLS'-Bvron EVENING FINAL A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY IO, 1944 —TWELVE PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS 8th Wedges 'GERMANS STRIVE TO PLUG WEST WALL FOUR YEARS AFTER UNLEASHING BLITZ t    Bv    jhp    Assoria    ted    Prrss    i    rrashinr    into    Belgium    and    the    aether    a    force    to    strike    back    at    the    (days    after    the    invasion    starts.    attacks    against    German    ammuni-    Kurt    Duet    mar,    one    < Nazis Line ^PESCARA rtona ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May IO.—(AP) — Still pursuing withdrawing German forces, Eighth army troops have thrust a wedge deep into enemy territory along Italy’s mountainous backbone and at last report were clriv-ijp directly toward the German base of Sulmona, it was announced today. Front advices indicated there was little or no opposition, although the Germans were said to be carrying out extensive demolitions. A communique announced Allied troops had entered the flfWn of Palcna, on the little Aventine river 25 miles inland from the Adriatic and ll miles southeast of Sulmona. and a subsequent announcement told of the occupation of the mountain villages of Fallas-coso, seven miles northeast of It Jena and San Angelo, 12 miles southeast. The Eighth army forces also seized high ground near the hamlet of Gamberale, two miles northwest of San Angelo on the read to Pal- (|M. ™rhe advances carried the Allied troops a minimum of nine miles beyond previously announced posi-tioas, A full explanation of why the Germans pulled back was t'ot yet available, but the move apparently was taken to shorten and straighten their mountain lines. The Germans, who have broadcast various propaganda reports of .yiied preparations for a new effusive somewhere in Italy, appeared to be increasing their defenses on the main Fifth army front south of Cassino. While their big guns provided a covering fire. German working parties were heard thug trees and digging in on the j WHERE NAZIS WITHDREW —Germans have withdrawn in the sector near Palena, on the main Italian front, it was announced, and Allies have pushed forward there. Black area on map indicates apparent area abandoned by Germans, though this was not exactly defined in the official Allied announcement. Black line is battlefront. (AP Wirephoto). By The Associated Press LONDON, May IO—The Germans were reported striving hastily to tighten up their shaken western defenses on this fourth anniversary of the Nazi drive through the Low Countries as the gip a nt ic British-American air campaign developed new aspects pointing toward a climax in preparation for invasion D-Day. Thus the war in the West had swung in a full cycle, reversing the position of May IO, 1910 when the Germans, supreme in the air and on the ground, sent their legions crashing into Belgium and the Netherlands in the all-conquering blitzkreig which led quickly to Dunkerque and the collapse of France. With conclusive defeat in the air staring him in the face, Adolf Hitler has designated 29-year-old Maj. Gen. Oberst Pelz to command German air forces in the West and ordered him to assemble a force to combat the impending Allied invasion said reliable advices from underground Europe. Pelz, looked upon as an air genius and a prime favorite of Hitler, was given the task of keeping to gether a force to strike back at the ; days after the invasion starts, invasion fleets—no matter what In addition to the enormous ac-damage the homeland suffers in celeration in Allied attacks- in the the meantime.    I first IO days of this month there No matter what the Germans do.! has been almost a. much activity LONDON, May IO—i/P>—For Britons awaiting invasion I)-Hay and eventual victory and peace this was a memorable anniversary. It was on May IO four years ago that Winston Churchill replaced the late Neville Chamberlain as prime minister and began leading them through the darker days that still were to come and finally onto the road to victory. even the most conservative Amer- as in the two previous months jean and British air leaders are there were at least three new agreed the Allies can win full con- phases noted trol of the air within seven to IO, These were (I) the RAP’s new attacks against German ammuni Hon dumps and other critical concentrations, (2) the two-ply tactical bombing of rail junctions and airfields, and <3> the speeded up drive against railroads and bridges The campaign against cont mental air 'fields was aimed not only at combat planes but aerial troop transport, for which the Germans have begn famous. It was considered that bombardment of the fields has damaged the Nazis' chances for whisking reinforcements by auto critical points. Germany’s defensive position was emphasized last night by Lt. Gen. I Kurt Duetmar, one of the Berlin radio’s leading military commenta-! tors, who declared: ‘There Is no doubt that Germany now lives in a state of siege. It Is undeniable that there is a i>reat tension among the defenders of Europe.” •    • a Broadcasting a promise of deliverance to her people, Queen WU-helmina of the Netherlands, anticipating a return to her country, j said she would take a brief rest "in order to be fresh and strong for the See INVASION Pg. 2 Col. I Bombers Shake Invasion Coast “glWa* west bank of a river An Allied patrol with tank support raided an enemy-held house west of Cisterna on the Anzio beachhead, inflicting casualties. Headquarters said six enemy tanks jPtacked the raiders, but four hits were scored on the German vehicles and one w’as left afire. Although bad visibility kept heavy bombers on the ground for the second day. British Welling- f .is last night renewed attacks on e west coast ports of Genoa and Livorno. Marauders. Bostons, Thunderbolts, Warhawks and Invaders hammered away at communications north of Rome. Eight Allied planes were lost. Local Soldier, Others Are Wounded Pvt. Hurry F ©vin of Abilene and eight other Wes* Texans have been wounded in action, it was revealed today by the War depart -ment. Private ©vin, whose wife, Mrs Collie F. Elvin resides here, was wounded in the Mediterranean area. The others wounded are:    Pvt. Horace J. Barley, whose wife. Mrs. Lou Acidic Barley lives in Goldsboro; Sgt. James T. Boyd, son of Jfrs. Millie Boyd of Lamesa; Pvt George B. Clover, son of Mrs. Ethel M Clover of Santa Arna, T-5 Or-bia C. Harvey, son of Mrs. Addle J. Harvey of Rising Star- Pvt. Dorsey McDonald, son >f Mrs. Lettie t McDonald of Norton; Pvt. James Murphy, son of Mis. Bessie Jenkins of Eastland; S-Sgt. Lindal L. Barrett, son of Mrs. Mattie Barrett of Rotan; and T-4 Glen O Harrison, whose grandfather, James F. Dowell, resides at Rotan. 4 Sellers Upheld on Bond Issue Ruling AUSTIN, May IO.—(/Pi—The supreme court ruled today that Attorney General Grover C. Sellers properly refused to approve the reissuance of four issues of Jefferson county bonds. The decision, quickly following last week’s oral arguments in the important test case, disposed of a Question which had attracted wide, attention from counties and from buyers and sellers of bonds. __ «J-—- Hopkins to Home f ROCHESTER. Minn., May IO— iTP)—Harry Hopkins, personal friend and advisor to President Roosevelt, left Rochester for his home today. Mayo clinic physicians said they now feel that after an additional fhprt. rest period he will be able to ®lurn to his duties in Washington. The Weather Tj.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE VV I A I UKK Bl KI AU ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly cloudy to cloudy today, tonight and Thursday. Little change in temperature. EAST TEXAS—Partly cloudy to cloudy this afternooniand Thursday. Widely scattered light showers in extreme east jmrtion this afternoon. Partly cloudy to-Iht Not much change in temperatures. vVF.ST TEXAS Partly cloudy to cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday Scatterer! thundershowers in El Paso area, Big Bend country' west portions of the Panhandle and South Plains this afternoon and early tonight. Not much change in temperatures. Maximum temperature last 24 hours. ^vllnimum 66. Draft Statemen Carded Friday WASHINGTON. May IO—1 UP) — Selective Service will issue on Friday new regulations expected to clear up much of the uncertainty regarding the present and future draft status of men 26 years of age and over. The fact that a new announcement is forthcoming was revealed last night by the Office of War Information, but it gave no further details. The regulations were believed to be under discussion at the conferencs here between Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, national selective service director, and state draft officials. Speculation that tho new directive would attempt to clarify the status of men in the 26 and over group was bolstered by Horshey’s statement earlier this week that too many men had been “altered" in 1-A. The condition has been an outgrowth of the present policy of drafting only men in the under 26 year brackets. In the meantime, however, older men are being placed in 1-A, given physical examinations and held in reserve—for how long a period no official has \ et stated. aaa The new regulation was thus expected to involve something In the nature of a specified period of time during which men over 26 will not be inducted. Some manpower officials believe that while induction will probably have to be made this year in the 26-29 group, the 30 year and older category of registrants may not face draft calls until well after the start of 1945 and perhaps not until later. The entire outlook, however, is dependent on no greater - than-anticipat-ed casualties in impending military operations. LONDON, May IO.-(AP) —The fall of the Crimean fortress-port of Sevastopol after a 24-day siege was announced today by Premier Marshal Stalin in an order of the day which indicated one of the two original besieging Soviet armies may already have rushed to the main front for a new Russian westward offensive. Conspicuously absent from a list of 56 commanders cited by Stalin for distinction in th** drive which completely cleared the last of the 10,000-square-inile Crimean peninsula was the name of Gen. Andrei I. Yeremenko, whose independent maritime army struck 150 miles westward across the peninsula from Kerch and oi April 19 reached Sevastopol’s southern environs. The ommission suggested that Yeremenko and his men might have been moved elsewhere in preparation for important new operations. Through fall of the city the Soviet Black sea fleet regained the second of two valuable ports from which to venture against Axis forces on Romania's coast 200 miles to the west. The other is Odessa, 180 miles to the northwest, recaptured by the Russians April IO. In the overall 31-day Crimean offensive, at least 100,000 Germans and Romanians were believed killed or captured. Some 25,000 were said to have remained in the Sevastopol pocket as the Russian victory drive began Sunday. Many died trying to escape by sea, the Russians said, A midnight Moscow communique said Russian artillerymen hauled about 60 guns yesterday to the north shore of Sevastopol bay and destroyed many enemy ships in the inlets while infantrymen on the east and south side of the city plunged through for the final mop- UP-    , German suicide corps were said to have clung to the last to three-storied defense works carved into the city’s bluffs—caves that the Russians used as ammunition depots and defense headquarters in the 250-day German siege of the port in 1941-42. Tokyo Reports Raid On Shortland Base NEW YORK, May IO—Ut) — A Tokyo broadcast reported by U. S. government monitors said two Allied destroyers had attacked Japanese positions on Shoftland islands, off the southeast coast of Bougainville Island in the Solomons, Monday morning. The broadcast declared Japanese “garrison units” on the island had "repulsed” the attack and said one of the destroyers was damaged. Elks Pick Santone HOUSTON, May IO.—.Pi—San Antonio was selected convention city by Texas Elks at the concluding session of their three-day convention here yesterday. AIR ACE CONGRATULATED—Capt. Robert S. Johnson of Lawton, Okla., receives congratulations in the cockpit of his Thunderbolt fighter from his crew chief S-Sgt. J. C. Penrod of Newark, N. J., after the flier’s return from a mission over Europe in which he shot down his 2Hth and 271Ii enemy aircraft to top by one Capt. Eddie Rickcnbaeker s World War I record. Crosses on plane indicate previous victories. (AP Wirephoto via radio from London). Roosevelt Asks 15 Billions for Army From Soulh Litigation Dropped LONDON May IO -(UP)    CHICAGO. May IO- V Federal Judge William H Holly today _ Tim Rrival Ai/ Force made dropped injunction litigation stemming from government seizure of Mont-*11    •    *    I*    i    rn    gotnerv Ward and company Chicago properties without ruling on legality the heaviest attack of the war * on the French invasion coast last night and today Allied bombers smashed at seven German bases in France and Belgium while Berlin reported violent battles with American raiders over the Balkans. A powerful force of British heavy bombers ushered in the fourth anniversary of the German sweep Into the Low Countries and France with a record coast which rooked if and southeast England like a violent earthquake. American medium and fighter-bombers took up the non-stop assault on its 26th straight day, fanning out behind the Atlantic wall to plaster Nazi rail yards, airfields, a power plant and a key bridge scattered through France and Belgium. of the federal action in taking possession. The court told company and government counsel that he "considered the case dismissed” but would rule Friday on whether it should be recorded as dismissed with or without prejudice. Judge Holly said he would not rule on legality of the seizure because •'events have transpired which apparently have taken the case out of my hands.” Subsequently tho judge told reporters he had ordered destroyed all copies of the decision he had been prepared to issue today in the injunction case He said he ’ regretted having to do so," having spent a great deal of time studying the evidenci and arguments submitted by  — — government and company lawyers and preparing the ruling. The company properties are back in the hands of its management. Judge Holly said, and it is a well established fact that federal courts an not required to rule "on a moots question." The Chicago plant was in government possession from April 26 until Reno Divorce of Heiress Voided Elizabeth, N. J., May IO.—t/P)— Advisory Master Dougal Herr in chancery* court today found null ana void the Reno divorce of Doris Duke Cromwell from her husband James H. R. Cromwell, former U. S. minister to Canada, and ordered it set aside. Herr held the decree “null, void and of no effect in New Jersey.” In handing down the court’s decision the advisory master challenged the 31-year-old tobacco heiress’ compe-! tence as, a married woman to select a residence outside the state so, long as her husband stayed in New I Jersey. lie held that an element of fraud was “conspicuous” in Mrs. Cromwell's claim that she was a Reno resident. At the same time Herr declared Nevada had forfeited its right to the full faith and credP clause of the United States constitution in .sealing testimony of Mrs. Cromwell and not permitting its perusal by the New Jersey court, Cromwell’s suit for a limited divorce under the laws of the state of New Jersey will be heard later before Herr. WASHINGTON. May IO - ZP)— President Roosevelt asked congress today for new appropriations for the Army totaling $15,676,652,700. which w’ould bring the total contemplated expenditures for military purposes up to $49,000,000,000 for the next fiscal year. "The estimates," a White House statement said, “contemplate the maintenance and operation of an Army of 7,700,-000 officers, men and women on the offensive in a global war through June 30, 1945.” In addition to tile $15,000,000,000 I in new appropriations, the statement explained, there will be available in the fiscal year .starting Ju-jly I, $33,607,263,800 of unobligated I balances from current appropria-1 tions. temperature last 12 hours: TEMPERATURES Wed-Tue Tue-Mon A M. Hour PM. 63 67 67 68 68 68 Iii! GO 72 72 75 76 76— I— 62 79— 2— 59 BO— 3— 58 81— 4— 58 SO— 5— SS 78— 6— 60 77— 7 - 60 74— a— fin 70— 9— 62 68 IO - 63 67 - 11— 7(1 68-12— 74 Sunrise this morning Siu^set tonight ..... 76 77 79 78 76 74 72 67 66 61 69 63 8:26 Mexicans to Fight CARACAS, Venezuela, May IO— (IP)—Carlos Medraza, member of the chamber of deputies, says that Mexico Is planning to send 2,500 aviators overseas to fight against Germany. Whenever It Comes— D-DAY PROCLAIMED FOR CHY D Day—whenever it arrives—was proclaimed today by Mayor Will W. Hair as a day of prayer in Abilene. niter consultation with the Abilene Association of Christian Womea and the Ministerial Alliance, through its president, the Rev. J. O. Haymes, Mayor Hair issued the following proclamation: aaa “In view’ of the nearness of invasion, and at the request of the Association of Church Women, and the Ministerial Alliance of Abilene, I proclaim D Day. when it comes a day of prayer. When the news of the coming battle is confirmed, I respectfully suggest all churches be opened, all church bells be rung, and that our citizens immediately assemble in their churches, uniting in prayer to the Divine Ruler to guide, tile senate foreign relations com-protect, and strengthen our fighting men, giving them complete victory over the powers of evil. When George Washington was fighting to win our liberty he prayed before he went into battle. Why shouldn’t we take a little time and pray for our soldiers to win their battles, to preserve liberty, and Christianity for the world? Respectfully yours. WILL W. ii VIK, Mayor 2 Women, Marine Injured in Mishap BENAVIDES, Tex . May IO —UP— Two women, and a Marine, en route I to Laredo to the bedside of his sick J mother, were seriously injured when ; their automobile overturned near \ here late yesterday. The injured were Mrs. Anita Mc-Cuen and Mary Jane Yofmans of Corpus Christi, also en route to Laredo, and Pfc. Pilar R. Cantu, | USMCR, u ho was picked up here by a naval base ambulance following the accident, Stettinus Talks With Lawgivers WASHINGTON, May IO—— Undersecretary of State Edward R. Stettinius Jr., spent two hours with The $19,000,000,000 outlay for the next fiseal year period compares with a preliminary budget estimate, submitted to (undress last January, of $52,300,-000,000, and with a $71,500,000.-000 program approved by congress for the present fiseal year The White House said the large carry-over of 1944. had been made possible primarily by a reduction in the projected strength of the Army, a reduction in shipping losses, and a “substantial reduction’ in unit costs of war items because*of volume production. aaa The new budget figure provides for 200,000 members of the WACS, more than treble the number now on the rolls The biggest single item for any branch of the Army included in the total $49,000,OOO,OOO program, is $12,- 610.000.00 for the air force The ordnance department is listed for $8.- 590.00.000 Mr. Roosevelt told congress it would take $12,690,000,000 for pay, travel and allowances for the army, plus nearly $2,900,000,OO1) OOO for the army’s food bill. Nazi radio reports of intense air battles ovrr the *’-* n .Vips" Indicated that the I nitrd States 15th air forre again was striking from Italy at Balkan targets which were plastered effectively last week. Berlin propagandists claimed a "considerable number" of American bombers were shot down by German fighters and anti-aircraft fire. Most of the RAF’s night force of heavy bombers concentrated on the Boulcgne-Dunkcrque area, .studded with rocket guns and other antiinvasion defenses, which were hit by 1,500 to 2,000 tons of explosives. Other British bombers ranged inland to attack the Gennevillieres suburb of Paris, Annecy in eastern France, and Berlin. The attack on the German capital was carried out by Mosquito bombers. The evening news called the attack on the French coast an earthquake blitz." Marauder medium and Havoc light bombers of the U. S Nim Iv air force this morning bombed rail yards at Mons and Tournai, Belgium, and Orch France, along with the Poix air field west of Amelus. They were escorted by Allied Spit* I fires. Since midnight KVF heavies and the American planes had dropped some    1,000 Ions of bombs on Germany s forward I installations. Twin-engined Mosquitoc carried out the raid on    Berlin, planting two-ton block busters among the ruin.- of the battered capital before its huge net of    searchlight and anti-aircraft batteries could get them within range. Seven planes were last iii the nights operations. Bo n after dawn, Spitfire fighters crossed the straits of Dover to inaugurate the daylight phase of the offensive on the fourth anniversary of Germany’s invaskn of the Izjw Countries and the start of her conquests in the west. Directors Named FORT WORTH, May IO —,P)— W. H. Wright, assistant to the general manager of the Consolidated— Vultee Aircraft corporation, and Maj. Marion Sansom III. member of a pioneer Fort Worth cattle family, are new directors of the Southwestern Exposition and fat stock show. Holt Beaten in Comeback Iry By United Bren Former U. S. Sen. Rush D. Holt, attempting a political comeback in West Virginia, trailed by nearly 3 I to I, in the Democratic gubcrntto-lili primary, nil in * • lo mavoi,. of th® state’s two largest cities led their respective tickets for nomination for governor, incomplete returns from yesterdays primaries showed today. In addition. West Virginia Democrats selected 18 delegates to the national nominating convention,unpledged but reportedly favoring a RUSH D. HOLT fourth term tor President Roosevelt, and Republicans named 19 delegates, divided between Gov. Thomas E Dewey of New York and Gov. John W. Brl' ber of Ohio. In the West Virginia gubernatorial race returns from 775 of the state's 2,796 precincts gave: Democratic: Circuit Judge Clarence Meadows 50.509; Holt 16,403 Republican: Mayor D .son, Charleston, 33,841 houser, millionaire Industrialist, 22, 610. Avery to Walk Back (HIC AGO, May 1H-/P' — Sewell I Overv chairman of I fir hoaid of t.i Ant gome rt We, and company, said in an interview’ today that he planned to walk hack into his office under his own power, and that h^ expected to find that the company's mail order business declined "probably 30 or 40 percent” during the two weeks of government operation. yesterday when Secretary of Commerce Jesse Jones turned it back to the company. aaa A CIO union won a collective bargaining election at the plant« last night, and followed up with a demand upon the War Labor board to extend and enforce an expired contract with the union. aaa Tile government had asked Judgn Holly to issue a temporary Injunc-tion restraining Ward executives from Interfering with federal operation of the properties Ward coun-sri had requested him to dissolve « temporary restraining order to thai effect which he had issued April 27, one day after the government assumed control with the aid of troops. During recent arguments government and Ward attorneys had disputed whether President Roosevelt Ila cl the legal power to seize the plants. * Death Affirmed For I Negroes AUSTIN. May 10- .T-The court Boone Daw- of criminal appeals today affirmed R J Funk- dpath sentences against two negroes, Allen Murray who was con-victod of rape in Denton county and date’s 8 87 mittee today discussing his recent conferences in London on post-war problems. “It was a free and frank dlscus-sitn," Chairman Connelly <D-Tex> reported, “Questions were freely asked and as freely answered. “I can not discuss details.*' Demos Label Dies, W. Lee Dangerous' BEAUMONT. Ma’. IO V Senator W. Lee O’Daniel and Rep. Martin Dies, Texans in congress, were termed “dangerous" in a resolution yesterday by the Jefferson county Democratic convention. aaa The meeting, in which a Port Arthur labor group seized contr I elected W S. Taylor, member of! the CIO-affiliated oil workers union, as chairman. Jefferson Is the home (Punty ot Dies, chairman of the house com-mi* tee investigating Unamerican activities.    I In Ohio, 7,161 of thr precincts gave: Republican: Mayor James Garfield Stewaft of Cincinnati 130,254: Thomas J. Herbert 111,177; Paul Herbert 103,704 Demo/ratio; Mayor Flank J Lausche of Cleveland 114,-495; Martin L. Sweeney 49,179; James W Huffman 30.757. In the two primaries Presider Roosevelt picked up 70 delegates. Ho [ is expected to pick un 66 more this; week and they will be enough to | give him an actual convention majority. William J j of mur j In both ca said there w I in trials. Murray WI hnson who was convicted r in Fayette county. the eppellate courti no evidence of error Polo Negri Ordered To Pay $ I #975 Fine cntenced in connection with the rape of a 17-year-old student from the Texas State Col-, I lege for women last November. Trial testimony showed that the student and a white male companion were held up by the negro who stabbed the girls companion and then attacked the student in n wooded section ct the county near the city of Denton. Johnson was convicted of shooting his wife. Rubella Johnson, last June. He entered a plea of guilty, Texas Hero Cited By General Clark TEMPLE. May IO.—{J1'—Lieut, NEW YORK. May IO— bf*)—Pola Negri today faced a possible jail sentence unless she pays by June I a $1,975 fine levied by state semi a $1,975 fine levied by state supreme who shrdlcmfwyshrdlucmfwypshrdl ja/e7 p, steen of Crowley, La., court Justice Isidor Wasservogel who has twice received the Purple who found the former screen Heart- and has been recommended actress guilty of contempt of court. ;or the Silver Star, today received a Wasservogel ruled yesterday that citation at McCloskey general hos-armorer makes an adjustment she had failed to comply With an pital from Lieut Gen. Mark Clark, inside the fin of an 8,000-1order of    Sidney    Bernstein    j    commanding general of the Fifth . .    .    .    i>    *    I*    i    i    who directed on Dec 21. 1942, that army in Italy, pound bomi) a1 an iv Ar bomi)-j No„n pav week!y on a Lt gteen, already is getting used er base somewhere in Eng- ^bt owed the estate of Col. How- to a new artificial leg here at the land. (AP Wirephoto),    ’nrd Thayer Kingsbury.    army's largest amputation center. INSIDE BOMB ;