Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 9, 1970, Abilene, Texas
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89TH YEAR, NO. 325 PHONE 6734271"WTTHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"-ByronABILENE, TEXAS, 79604, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 9, 1970—FORTY PAGES IN FOUR SECTIONS
10c DAILY—20c SUNDAY
Associated Press (IP)Pull-Back to Start Next Week
Thousands Protest in Austin; Police Arrest Lone Heckler
AUSTIN (AP) - A river of humanity poured through downtown Austin Friday, protesting American action in Cambodia and the deaths of four Kent State students in Ohio.
State police in a helicopter estimated the crowd at 8,000. Motorcycle police estimated 10,000. Sponsors of the march called it 20,000. More than 36,000 students are enrolled at the university.
The demonstration left the University of Texas campus at 10:45 a.m. and took two hours
of marching time to go 28 blocks to the downtown area and back to the campus.
The first four blocks of the parade were a solid mass of protesters, four lanes across. After that it narrowed to six to eight across for 12 or 15 more blocks.
The marchers frequently took up the obscene chant: “One, two, three, four; we don’t want your -— war!” The chant bounced back and forth between the post office and the federal building, where former Prest-
Light Hail on Merkel
A thunderstorm containing hail, rain and high wind hit Merkel twice Friday at 10:15 and 10:30 p.m., dumping some golf ball size hail but apparently not causing much trouble.
Taylor, Jones and Shackelford Counties were placed under a severe thunderstorm warning by the U.S. Weather Bureau at
I. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ESSA WEATHER BUREAU (Weather Map, SD)
.ILENE AND VICINITY (40-mlle ri»-— Fair Saturday through Suida,* pt widely scattered thunderstorm s •day and Saturday night. High •day and Sunday 85. Probability of Saturday and Saturday night 30 per Southerly winds IO to 20 miles p°r
High and low for 24-hour$ anding ♦ p.m.: 86 and 63.
High and low sam# data last year: 73
Sunset last niqht:8 25; sunrise ‘-day: 6:45; sunset tonight: 8:25.
Barometer read ng at 9 pm ; 27.88. Humidity at 9 p.m.: 54 per cent.
10:25 p.m. after the storm was spotted near Merkel.
The Weather Bureau reported the storm was first indicated on radar 20 miles west southwest of Abilene near Merkel about 10:15 p.m. and was moving northeast at 20 to 30 miles per hour.
A spokesman at Starbuck Funeral Home in Merkel said the storm first hit Merkel about 10:15 dropping marble size hail. He said there was a lot of lightning but not much wind or rain.
The spokesman said the storm hit again about 10:30, this time dumping golf ball size hail but again not doing much harm.
An electrical storm with light rain hit Abilene about 10:15 but no hail was reported. A very light drizzle was falling about 11:15 p.m.
The severe weather warning was to be lifted at 11:30 and the weatherman said the weather should be fair Saturday with some widely scattered, thunderstorms Saturday and Saturday night.
Probability of rain Saturday and Saturday night is 30 per cent. Winds should be southerly IO to 20 miles per hour.
The high Saturday and Sunday is expected to be 85.
dent Lyndon Johnson has offices.
Strangely, the only arrest made was of a man heckling the marchers. The charge: “Using abusive language.”
The vulgar chant also was used under the windows of the Lowich Building, where government secretaries stood two and three at the windows.
At one point, other marchers tried to drown out the chant with: “Peace now! Peace now!”
The vulgar chant was the same one used Tuesday In the Capitol rotunda before police dispersed an Impromptu march with tear gas, mace and clubs.
Other chants used by the marchers included “no more war.” “Remember Kent State,” “Join us; join us,” and, when passing a new building under construction on Congress Avenue, “Power to the workers.”
Spectators in windows and on sidewalks frequently responded with the old V for victory’ gesture that anti-war protesters use as a peace sign.
A coffin painted like an American flag was carried at the head of the march. Massed around it were eight large American flags held aloft and one large yellow flag with a coiled rattlesnake and the legends, “don’t tread on me” and “conscription without representation is tyranny.”
As the lead passed state draft headquarters, one man pasted a sticker above the door reading, “Stop U.S. invasion of Cambodia.”
At the federal building, students and faculty members acting as parade marshals stood arm in arm as a precaution against a break by any of the marchers toward the building.
Few police were in sight except at intersections to control traffic. Back at the Capitol building, however, about 200 police and state officers with shotguns and riot sticks waited near buses.
Occasionally, a marcher would step-out of line and walk up to a cop and shake his hand.
“I take the responsibility for It,” he told a White House news conference. “I believe it Is the right decision. I believe it will work out. If it doesn’t, I’m to blame.”
Nixon described protest as a safety valve, not a signal of revolution. In fact, he said, if his staff can make the arrangements, he will be glad to talk with the demonstrators who trooped to Washington for a Saturday of dissent against his administration’s policy.
Nixon chose conciliatory W'ords to discuss the protest, expected to bring 100,000 or more to Washington Saturday. The vanguard of dissenters paraded along Pennsylvania Avenue, outside the White House itself, many carrying lighted candles! during his broadcast news conference.
Nixon said he personally asked that Washington rules be waived so that demonstrators could rally Saturday on the Ellipse. a grassy park adjoining the White House—“where I can hear them.”
He said the demonstrations and turmoil of the past week do no mean the United States is headed for revolution.
“I think I understand what they want,” the President said. “I would hope they would understand somewhat W’hat I wrant.
“They’re trying to say that they want peace, they’re trying to say that they want to stop the killing, they’re trying to say that we ought to get out of Vietnam,” Nixon said.
“Everything I stand for Is what they want...” he said.
Nixon spoke slowly and solemnly, reminding the nation it was not he who first sent Americans to Vietnam. But he in no w’ay altered the policy decision he already has announced.
“Only history will record whether it was worthwhile,” he said of the U.S. commitment to South Vietnam. “But I do know this. Now that America is there if we do what many of our verv sincere critics think we should do, if w’e withdraw from Vietnam and allow the enemy to come into Vietnam and massacre the civilians there by the millions, as they w’ould, if we do that, then let me say that America is finished as 'far as the peacekeeper in the Asian world is concerned.”
Nixon said he will meet his pledge to withdraw another 150,000 American troops from Vietnam during the next year.
“I did not send these men to Vietnam ... ” the President said.
Nixon was asked if he had been surprised about the intensity of the protests and he replied no.
He said those who are protesting believe his Cambodian decision will expand the U.S. involvement and they want peace.
“I made the very decision for the same reason they are protesting,” he said. “I am concerned because I know how deeply they feel.
“What I have done will do what they want.
“In my opinion, it will serve the just cause in Vietnam,” he said.
Asked if he could open meaningful talks with college students, Nixon said he would like to toy. “It is not easy, sometimes, they as you know talk so loudly that it is difficult to be heard.”
He said, on an individual ba
sis, it is possible to bring representatives of colleges to his offices to talk wnth them, to have a dialogue.
Asked about the apparent conflict with his Vietoiamization program, Nixon said he explained it in his speech last month.
“I warned at that time that Turn to NIXON, Pg. 2-A
Saturday in Washington
Dan Beal of Naperville, 111., and Pat Anderson of Syracuse, N.Y., foreground, are among the early arrivals in Washington for Saturday’s antiwar rally. The distortion in the picture results from the extreme wide-angle lens used by the photographer. (AP Wirephoto)
Convention Fireworks Might Come From T ay lor GO P J oday
$2,000 in 'Pol' Found in Bushes
About a pound of marijuana, W'orth $2,000 on the market, was found by Taylor County Sheriff’s Department deputies northwest of the city Wednesday.
Deputies Ray Trammell and Berms Fillmon found the marijuana wrapped in cellophane bags inside a small case such as 45 rpm. records might be carrie din.
The case was found at 5 p.m. in a brushy area off the Fulwiler road, Trammell said.
Another deputy said that two juveniles who were in the area at the time were questioned but not detained by the deputies.
Republicans ire expected to provide most of the fireworks at Taylor County political conventions Saturday afternoon as both the local COP "nd Democrats gather to select delegati* to the September state conventions.
Democrats elected in last Saturday’s precinct conventions will convene at the Taylor County Courthouse at 2 30 p.m.
Republican delegates will meet a1 2 p.m. at Abilene Public Library’.
Other business at the conventions. secondary to the selection of delegates, w ill be to draft resolutions.
Some resolutions passed Democrats at their precinct con vent ions included criticism of civil disobedience and politicians who .support such movements. Another urged the party t > work to direct more loans through the Small Business Administration to groups or individuals of minority races in cities the size of Abilene.
Republican* endorsed President Nixon’s handling of the Cambodia and Vietnam situations •lid urged more involvement by the party
selecting candidates and in urging Young Republicans to become involved in party affairs.
The main convention controversy could come from the Republicans, whose two active factious may carry over their precinct battle into the counly convention.
County Republicans made a switch in leadership Saturday by fleeting Dr. Rod Cannedy as their party chairman over incumbent Dr. Clyde Morgan by a 545 to 343 vote.
Dr. Morgan had held the post since 1965.
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After learning of the primary’s outcome, Dr. Cannedy said he thought that “this demonstrates the extreme concern and interest of a number of people in the Abilene area w'ho are tired of unilateral politics.” i Dr. Cannedy is closely aligned with State Republican Chairman Peter O’Donnell Jr., who has been accused of heavy -handed running of the state committee by at least one Morgan supporter.
Meanwhile, Cannedy supporters have accused Dr. Morgan of once having written a letter on Republican stationery asking that voters support Jerry Sadler, Democratic opponent of Albert Fay for Texas land cornin) Cloner.
According to Larry Cunningham, chairman of the executive committee of tho Taylor County IXunocratic Party, “Democrats are working better together with more unity Lately, than we have had in many years.”
faders of both parties urge elected delegates to attend the convention and insure that their precincts are represented.
U.S. Unsure on Role of Complex Find
WASHINGTON (AP) — The Pentagon said Friday U.S. forces ha\e found about 500 bunkers and huts in what a
spokesman called “obviously an extensive and sophisticated complex” in the Fishhook area of Cambodia, long believed to hold the command center for Communist operations in South Vietnam.
Jerry Frledheim, deputy assistant secretary of defense, told newsmen, “We don't know yet’’ whether this complex, called “The City,” was the headquarters of the Central Office for South Vietnam (COSVN),
FiTdheim said only about 30 of th'1 500 bunkers and huts had ye: been exp! ired. But he said it appeared the complex was a permanent-type logistic support area crisscrossed with trails and containing caches of rifles, mortars, machineguns, medical supplies, mines and explosives, digging equipment, food, and at least a half-million rounds of ammunition.
Among other things. It was reported that the complex contained a 150-man classroom.
The position was pinpointed as two miles inside the Cambodian border and seven miles south of Snuol.
Friedheim indicated this was the complex whose capture was announced Thursday by the White House.
Secretary of State William P. Rogers and Undersecretary of State Elliot L. Richardson received what was described as a “general assessment of the military situation” from high-ranking briefers in the Pentagon’s national military command center.
Daniel Z. Henkin, assistant
secretary of defense for public affairs, was present and reported to newsmen afterward that Rogers and Richardson were told that “the enemy is in a real confused state with regard to
command and control of his
They also were told that enemy forces have been dispersed as a result of the operations into the Cambodian sanctuaries.
According to Hie latest available information, Henkin said U.S. killed in action totaled 48 since the operation May I, with about HO wounded.
The South Vietnamese had lost about 175 killed and the enemy about 3,500, Henkin said.
Secretary’ of Defense Melvin ll .Laird accompanied Rogers and Richardson to the Pentagon w ar room for the briefing.
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon declared Friday night his goal in ordering U.S. troops into Cambodia was the same as that of youthful dissenters massing to protest his policy: peace in South Vietnam.
But he said U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam now would mean “America is finished” as a peacekeeper in Asia.
He said Friday night that the first group of American soldiers in Cambodia will move out the middle of next week and most Cis there will be out by mid-June.
All U.S. forces will be withdrawn from Cambodia by the end of June, Nixon added.
The President gave this timetable in a nationally tele
vised new’s conference. Tt was generally in I ne with estimates previously given by administration officials following Nixon’s order w'hich sent the first U.S. troops into Cambodia April 30.
In measured tones, Nixon said his decision to move against Communist sanctuaries in Cambodia will save lives and shorten the w;ar.
A girl dressed in black, carrying a small bouquet and a small American flag, followed by demonstrators carrying a red, white and blue casket, lead an anti-war protest march in Austin. The parade began at the University of Texas, wound through downtown Austin, and police estimated the number of marchers at more than 10,000. (AP Wirephoto)
Friday in Austin