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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 9, 1944, Abilene, Texas MC SCORE -ii Harbor $16,824,559.75 May Sales    $    35,455.25Abilene Reporter -BrtusFINALWITH OUI OR WITH OFFEN SE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES’-Byron    -——- VOL. LXIII, NO. 326. A TEXAS 2mU, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 9, 1944 —TWELVE PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (U P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Yanks Swing Mighty Blowto Cripple Invasion Defenses We Gain 9 Miles in Italy Nazi Troops Fall Back on And Airfields INVASION WEATHER' PREDICTED FOR NEXT 3 WEEKS  _      perhaps    the    heaviest    as- BKJ LOCOMOTIVE SUPPLY AWAITS INVASION-S.ored I " W >P«i- I«ck» beside    two open main    lines somewhere rn fcnses ()f    western    RuroD0 England, this big supply of locomotives    is awaiting invasion    Thp    ,.vpry    stronc”    force of of the continent. They    are labeled “transportation corps, U. S. Army.” More than    IOO engines are    in eight lines. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps). LONDON, May 9.—(UP) — Almost 2,000 American heavyj LONDON, May 9—(UP>-~The London Daily Express today predicted | Brighton and Newhaven. bombers and fighters    struck    excellent “invasion    weather” for the next three weeks, and Germany „ i    tightened her    hold    on the Dutch and Danish coasts as a precaution at IO Gel man an dromes and a*alnst an A„|ed thnJst across thc North sea transport hubs in r ranee, Bel-    Reports    from    Europe’s neutral capitals disclosed that the finest gium and Luxembourg    today ;    spring in 50    years    has dried and hardened western Europe for Anglo- American invasion armies, the Daily Express said, and added that fair weather could be expected to continue for at least another three weeks from Holland to Spain. All London newspapers began publishing full details of the weather in the Straits of Dover, across which many observers have predicted the main invasion will be launched. Last night, the newspapers said, the sea was calm, the sky clear, the temperature just, above freezing, and visibility so good that the French cliffs could be seen by moonlight from the English southeast coast. ussian Guns Slam tezis in Sevastopol MOSCOW, Min- 9— </P)—Russian storm troops fought the remnants of two Axis armies within full view of flaming and smoking Sevastopol today as tin a- artillery, rolled up wheel to wheel, poured salvo after salvo into, enemy suicide squads clinging to the last German hold In the Crimea. Fortified heights overlooking the port city were stormed yesterday, front line dispatches said. # (The German communique said heavy fighting continued and that: 56 Russian planes were destroyed over Sevastopol yesterday.* The battle reached its climactic stage, with fighting under way I ......... in the immediate approaches to the city and an Izvestia dispatch declared Liberators setting the pace of the ^ daylight attack were believed to strong Flying Fortresses, Liberators and fighters was the biggest single United States task force mobilized for an attack on occupied territory. It fanned out over the vital triangle behind the Straits of Dover and drove home the 10-pronged attack through good weather and light resistance. Hundreds of o’her Allied planes surged in waves over the narrow reaches of wrater separating the land armies from the continent to blast and gun the key points of fortifications making up the Ger-mens’ still untested Atlantic wall. Veteran coastal observers who have watched more than four years of air war sway back and forth over the channel said they never had seen aerial fleets the size of those roaring overhead hour after hour during the day. The 1,000 or so Fortresses and Reports reaching Stockholm said the Germans had proclaimed til southern Holland and the island*, off the west coast of Holland prohibited zones from which all civilians except those possessing special permits will he barred beginning May 20. The Germans also were said to have decreed that all boa I s. including rowboats, must be removed from areas of Holland flooded by occupation forces as a defense against invasion. Other Stockholm dispatches said the Germans had a ban on all coastal shipping off Denmark from Frederickshaven on the northeast coast, around the northern tip of Jutland, and down the west coast to Hojersluse in the southwest. The coast previously had been mined. Center Front The German-controlled radio National said the Allies were preparing six ports along the English south and southeast coasts as bases for the In Britain, the postmaster general suspended "canned message” telegrams to and from members of the British armed forces to clear communications channels for more urgent communications More than 100,000 standardized messages identified only by number have been sent invasion. The six were identified as Ramsgate, Deal, Dover, Folkestone,. by and to members of the armed forces weekly. Nips Reeling in India; Chindits Cut Lines FALSE ALARM the German force in the Crimea | was definitely defeated and pressed Au ck to the Black sea. ™ I hr Germans were reported fighting desperately, clinging to every inch ef shore under an incessant artillery barrage, but with the Red army looking down on Sevastopol’s famous panorama. the end of the battle nnpeaqed in sight. In the third day of the offense. Red star reported that the Rus-1    ~    '7    .    .    'I ad broken through steel and composer of hill-billy muslc w lo Crooner Takes Louisiana Helm B&TPN ROUGE, La have dropped more than 2,000 tons of explosives on seven German airdromes and three rail centers. The targets were the capital city of Luxembourg, Liege, St. Trond, and Florrennes in Belgium, and Thion-ville, St. Dizier, Laon-Couvron, Laon-Thies and Juvincourt in France, with a double blow at both iyjl and air fa :iliti<- t Thornville. (WMJames H (Jimmie) Davis ,  ______ „__  __               American    Marauder    medium    and concrete fortifications all along the recently gave the old guard Demo- Havoc light bombers followed in gr, ,    , !inr Tj10 RUSf;ians vvere erat ic political machine established the wake of the ....... ^nvrremg from all land sides along an arc within five miles of the city. Hills overlooking the Black sea bristled with big guns, powerful fortifications and barbed wire entailments, the army newspaper said,, . ,    ,    ,    ,    ,    .    .    . . i ii: • the Germans and Roman- Juke box specials pledged himself ians to believe their positions im- *°    achieving    a    durable preen I ( I irlier in the war, the | P°stwar Prosperity for the Pelican Russians held the city 245 days by the late Huey Long its worst election defeat, became Louisiana’s governor today. Appearing before a crowd of 25,-000 citizens and high state officials, the composer of “You Arc My Sunshine,” "Bed Bug Blues” and other state. "The task before us is big enough,” Davis said in a simple inauguration speech, “to engage the united and best efforts of all our people. I solicite the support and cooperation of our whole people in all measures looking toward the general welfare. I sincerely pledge you mine in return.” Retiring Gov. Sam Houston Jones, a third' hill in "the La!ce Charles attorney who first against German siege. Xii nil coastal defense fort ^covered the entrance to the bay wand behind it, three-storied German defense works were carved In the rocks. The Red Star dispatch acknowledged that thc capture of these positions was difficult, but said tho Rus-m    tin    firs    J two hills after a fierce b; t lo and then moved for ward to seize depth of enemy defenses. kind Two Boys Dead In Icebox v AUSTIN. May 9.—.-Pi—1Two young boys who had been missing- from their heme here since Sunday afternoon were found dead today in an ice box .stored in the garage of their homo. VTlir- were Dannie Edwards, 7, and Dan Harviison, 9, sons of R. D. Ed wa ids. heavyweights to hit rail yards and other targets in northern France and Belgium. Mitchells and Bostons of the British tactical air force followed, striking at the Valenciennes rail hub. The potentially record bombardment was carried out on the 25th straight day of operations by Allied planes based in Britain against the defenses of western Europe. Italy-based Allied bombers attacked The Balkans on the two days before the unbroken campaign from Britain began. The daylight assault followed close on the heels of a heavy RAF night blow at the French invasion coast. Belgian railway See AIR WAR Pg. 12 Col. 7 SOUTHEAST ASIA HEADQUARTERS, Handy, Ceylon, May 9—TP)—An official statement from Allied headquarter* today said that a communique issued here yesterday had erred in saying that the Japanese are on the offensive in the Manipur hills sector of northeastern India. Actually, It was explained, the enemy is on the defensive in this area. The error resulted from garbled army signals in the transmission of data being assembled from the various fronts, the statement said. Mexican Hunted In Trunk Killing CHICAGO, May 9.— (UP*— Chi-, cago police were informed today I that Soylo Villegas, 26, registered at a Calexico, Cal., automobile court on the Mexican border, the same day a trunk containing the semi-nude body of a woman was ADVANCED ALLIED HEAQUARTERS, Rand y, Ceylon, May 9.—-(UP)—The Japanese invasion of India showed signs of breaking under Allied blows today as British armored forces crashed through the enemy positions around Kohima and RAF and American bombers I raked their siege lines south I of Imphal with bombs and j gunfire. Simultaneously, it was disclosed that British "Chindi!" i raiders were striking with devastating effect over hundreds of square miles of Japanese-held territory in north-central Burma, rutting the last enemy lines of communication between Myitkyina and southern Burma. The hard-hitting Chindits in two weeks of whirlwind attack were revealed to have cut the Mandalay-Myltkyina railway at IO separate found in a trunk in Los Angeles He registered as John Lopez, the (jn the vicinity of Iudaw, and same name used by the man who ^ have severed the alternate shipped tile salt-incrusted body, Bhamo-Myitkyina highway. The JAPS THREATEN LOY ANG, TIGHTEN GRIP ON RAIL ROUTE—Arrows indicate Japanese offensives in northern China, which were reported to he threatening the city of Loyang and have narrowed to only a few miles the length of the Peiping-Hankow rail route still held by the Chinese. Shaded areas are dominated by Japanese. AP Wirephoto)). later identified as that of Louise Chestine Wright, a native of Myrtle, Japanese were ly bewildered reported complete-by the Chindits' Showers Heavier Outside of City broke the reign of the Long machine, turned the governor’s office over to the cowboy movie star. "I see here today,' Jones said, "the inauguration of a sharecropper’s son as governor of Louisiana I .....    ■    ,    u and as long as we remind ourselves    ^ lVlbowels fell in of that significant fact, the hope for , .e ® ‘nu .    vicnny Louisiana is real and the future is last m8ht and early loday' a strlp bright.” 376,000 Texas Men, And Women in Army WASHINGTON. May 9—</Pl-Sen. Convally (D-Texi says the flt_Hamby. War department has advised him that Texas had 372,000 men and 4,306 women in the Army as of of country northwest of the city received 1.5 inches, reports this morning disclosed. The heavy fall was in the vicinity of the Jinks McGee farm. Rain fell as far west as Trent, north to Mulberry creek, northwest to Bitter creek A good shower fell Miss., from Chicago to Los Ange.es. i s]ashing tactics and of fern i only Information received here ; spasmodic resistance from authorities at the border j    *    *    * said Lopez paid a week's rent in advance last Friday, thp day the body was found, hut disappeared after details of the case appeared in newspapers. Calexico is on the border of Cali- r0{ld fornia's Imperial valley and lower Large formations of American California, Mexico, and it was and British heavy and medium thought possible that Villegas, a bombers joined in the battle for On the Imphal front. Allied forces also were on the offensive, although the Japanese threw in medium tanks in several fruitless counter attacks along the Palel Police who were investigating said ^as! ^ec- 31 and that between Nov. apparently they had been suffocated, but no inquest had yet been Jtf'ld. ^Yesterday city and county officers made a wide search for the missing boys, after Edwards notified them the lads had not been seen since 2:30 p. rn. Sunday. River pour .'parched the Colorado, and ■ate guardsmen were called out to search the rugged hills west of Lake Austin. I, 1940 and Dec. 31, 1943, the Army got 402,700 Texas men and 6,439 women. "Lost from service” for all causes during the above period were 75,-694 Texas men and 2,171 Texas women. Mexican, had crossed the border into Mexico. Search for Villegas was intensified following announcement from Washington last night by J. Edgar Hoover, director of the federal bureau of investigation, that the body had been identified through fingei Imphal yesterday with a smashing daylight attack on the enemy positions around Moirang, 25 miles south of the city. Et. Gen. Joseph VV. Stilwell*! Chinese divisions continued their bitterly-contested advance through the Mogaung valley in north central Burma, although only small gains were reported in yesterday’s fighting. On the Arakan front in south There was just a light .shower at Prto&s-    FBI records . howcr Wylie last night, and the shower her age was either 23 or 25. extended south to Tuscola. Howev- i Chicago police said the de.1 criper, Carl Moore, who lives east of tions of Miss Wright, who also was Tuscola, said he failed to get any    known as “Louise    C Myers,” and    western Burma,    Allied    forces    spot rain, but that it looked like Lawn    of the body tallied    with that of a    ted a Japanese    party    forming for was in path of the downpour. J woman who registered at the Racine I an attack south of Maungda w but The Abilene airport weather bu- I hotel in Chicago witn Villegas, as    | broke up the formation with    artil- reau recorded .2 inc! last night.    his wife.    lery fire. Chinese Turn Nippons Back CHUNGKING, May 9—(^(—Chinese troops have launched a successful counter-offensive south of the ancient Honan province city of Loyang, which the Japanese have been threatening in a drive pointed at the heart of China, and have driven the j to convene again Wednesday at 9:30 enemy back across the Yi river,; a. rn Jurors in Will Case Excused The Jury selected to hear a civil suit, Mrs. J. E. Cockrell et a1, vs Elloise C. Stevenson, et a1, contesting the will of the late Mrs. Ella Cockrell Duke. was excused today Chinese field dispatches said today. Dispatches from the front yesterday said the Japanese had reached a point only six miles south of Loyang after advancing three miles in the previous 24 hours. (Tokyo radio broadcast a communique claiming 80,000 Chin' s' troops have been encircled in Honan province.) ; Senators Call Up Anli-Poll Tax Bill The Weather ■ A ST ' > ■A' i™-d showers ►' | S DEPARTMENT OI COMMERCE Vt LATHER Bt REA! ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly cloudy to cloudy, scattered showers and thundershowers today, tonight and Wer-nesday. —Mostly cloudy, scat-ccept northwest portion and Rio Grande valley this afternoon and tonight Wednesday mostly cloud} scattered showers northeast portion and along the upper coast. WEST TEXAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; warmer in the Panhandle and South iw > - ton g ' Fresh to strong winds in 9 Panhandle and South Plains Wednesday. Total precipitation for 24 hours, .2 of a" inch. Total precipitation to date: 7:39 Inches; for tame period in 1943, 4.4 lncne- 7.27. 2,000 Gl s Ask Infantry Switch WASHINGTON, May 9 — i/P)-More than 2,000 applications for transfer to the infantry have been received since the Army’s announcement last month that enlisted men under 32 in this country could make the switch in order to join The doughboys in fighting the enemy at close quarters. Special Venire Called ANSON. May 8 A special venire called for Wednesday has been excused in the case of the State of Texas vs. James Roberts, murder trial, w'hich has been transferred to the next term of court, Bill Dunwoody, sheriff of Jones county, said today. TEMPERATURES Tue Mon Mon-Sun A.M. Hour P.M. 62 73— I— 76 83 59 71— 2— 77 SB 70— 3— 77 58 72 - 4— 78 58 69— 5— 76 60 68 - 6— 74 60 68— 7— 72 60 68— 8 — 67 82    71— 9— 88 fi5 74—10— 84 70 75—ll 74 73-12— 63 73 (sunset tonight  ..............8.25 Fats, Oils Needed WASHINGTON, May 9.-(.Pt-jjg I Despite removal of point values aa from all meats except beef steaks and roasts, housewives who save «41 kitchen fats still will be paid in ™ both red points and cash, the Office 76 of Price administration said today, WASHINGTON, May 9-(UPl-The senate today took up the anti-poll tax bill without serious protest by southern senators, lending strength to expectations of an early showdown on the controversial is- Pleadings were heard and evidence presented Monday by Dallas Scarborough, representing the defendants, and Thomas L. Blanton, Albany, representing the plaintiff. The Cockrell estate composed of 1,300 acres of land in Jones county and one house and two lots on Fourth and Butternut, is valued at about $20,000. It was left to James K. Duke upon the death of Mrs. Duke, .May 30, 1938. The plaintiffs are asking that the will and probate be annuled and the estate divided equaly among the plaintiffs and tile defendants. The charge was that Mrs. Duke was ill and not responsible at the time she made the will. Prior to Duke’s accidental death in September, 1940, he made a will leaving tile estate to Mrs. Duke’s niece, Mrs. James W. Hoyt, but des- sue without tieing up the chamber1 troyed it. Mrs. Hoyt is asking for in a drawnout filibuster.    tile entire estate. Chairman Pat McCarran, D„ Nev.,:    The    administrators, Elloise Stev- of the senate Judiciary committee, *®6on and Ollie Cockrell Thomas, called up the bill after the chamber had disposed of routine business. Some Southerners voted against the motion to take it up, but their “nays” were not sufficient to block th< move, nor did they seek to filibuster The bi lion made it technically possible for Democratic Leader Al-ben w. Barkley of Kentucky to me a petition on Thursday to limit debate on the bill, and bring it to a showdown by Saturday or Monday. Sen Tom Connally, D, Tex, were appointed a month after Duke’s death and was not contested until the plaintiffs brought suit in April, 1941 The ease was appealed to 42nd district court after a probate court awarded the decision to the defendants last year. Etcxans Oppose Stripper Subsidy DALLAS, May 9-as Oil association .I.ip,—East Tex-directors have leader of thc southern opponents to | denounced subsidies for stripper the house-approved bill, shouted a th underout “no” when Vice President Henry A. Wallace asked for a vote on McCarran’s motion. TEXAS AIRMEN S WIVES HONORED AT LUNCHEON—Al a luncheon Alay I* •;« Lie speaker’s dining room at the Capitol in Washington, Mrs. Wright Patman, wife of the representative from Texas, entertained Mrs, Ira Laker, wife of Et. (Jeu. Laker, commander of all Allied air forces in the Mediterranean theater, and Mrs. W. E. Dyess, widow of Et. Col. Dyess, hero of Bataan. Left to right: Rep. Patman, .Mrs, Patman, Mrs. Dyess, former* M 33 m ph a si zing * that' The' n eed'f or^ f a ts ,v of Texarkana and whose husband was from Albany, Tex.; Speaker of the House Sam born" fighting! a broadcast contam! oils continuer    i    Rayburn of Texas and Mrs. Eaker of Eden, Tex.    mumque    said    today. Berane Recaptured I ONDON. Max 9 - /Pi- The Yugoslav Partisan forces of Marshal Josip Broz (Tito* have recaptured Berane in Montenegro after stub- wells, proposed by the Office of Prue administration, as a “sop to a part of the oil industry” and as ‘ a bureaucratic scheme to divide. then conquer, the industry." Meeting here yesterday the board feoff inned its position regarding an overall increase in the price of oil to parity wit iv other commodities which it said would mean an advance of 75 cents a barrel. East Texas oil brings $1.25 per barrel of 42 callons ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May 9.—(AP) —German forces have withdrawn in the mountainous sector of central Italy and Allied troops have followed to positions approximately nine miles beyond their last announced front line, Allied headquarters said today. Blowing up bridges, mountain tunnels and houses in the path of their retreat, the Nazis fell hack across the Aventine, surrendering without a fight the villages of Palena and Let-tolapena, 30 miles inland from the Adriatic roast. Allied headquarters spokesmen said the Germans covered their withdrawal with heavy shell and mortar fire which was countered by a raking barrage from hastily advanced Allied guns. • • • Thc withdrawal Indicated the Nazis were preparing to abandon the entire salient hooking three to IO miles into the Allied lines along a 24-mile front from Sasoli to Castel di Sangro. There was no indication that the German withdrawal was connected with the destruction of the Pescara river dam bv Allied bomber* last week which flooded scores of NOzi ji<V»HIons in the Pescara valley and on the Adriatic coastal plain. The broken dam is located about 20 miles due north of Palena. • Allied troops were reported moving forward in strength to consolidate their new positions on the .southern edge of the Mairllo moun. tains—the 4.000 foot “Roof of Italy.” German skirmishers stabbed repeatedly at the Allied lines around Tollo. near the Adriatic coast, in an apparent attempt to cover the withdrawal on the central front. Indian troops counter-attacked heavily, however, and drove the Nazi patrols back after a number of furious hand-to-hand clashes Allied and German artillery exchanged heavy fire on the main 5th army front further west, in the Cassino area and along the lower Garigliano valley. The Anzio beachhead front generally was quiet, apart from continued German artillery fire di* retied against the Allied rear areas and Allied patrol thrusts southwest , of Cisterna. Bad weather curtailed all aerial I operations across the Italian front yesterday, although Allied fighter-bombers maintained their patrols over the battle areas and bombed and strafed road traffic near Rome and along the Yugoslav and Alba-, ntan coasts. A formation of RAF Spitfires crossed the Adriatic to destroy a German headquarters building at Crebic, on the Peljesac peninsula Two Allied planes were lost in the day’s operations. Murray Out Flatly For a Fourth Term CLEVELAND, May 9 -tZP—CIO President Philip Murray plumped unequivocally today for the fourth I term. Addressing the convention of the i United Steelworkers of America, of whcih he also is president. Murray I said: “Unity among the people at home and unity among the United Nations are the foundation for an early and decisive defeat of the Axis forces, and for the establishment of a durable and just peace. "Our commander-ln-chief, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, is tlx man who through his policies an I action has demonstrated the will, ; courage and statesmanship to forge the unshakeable unity among the ptoce-loving common people for victory. j "It Is, therefore, my earnest belief and firm conviction that in the in-; terest of national unity to br mg I speedy v u tory to our cause and to assure the realization for the people of the four freedoms. Franklin D. Roosevelt must be a candidate for re-election to the presidency of the j United States and that the overwhelming majority of the people of I this nation, regardless of political affiliation, demand his re-election." Britain Lowers Age LONDON, May 9—(JP>—Adding to her manpower for the attack, Britain has reduced the age Unlit of troops eligible for overseas service ic 18 years, six months. The previous limit was * 19 years. ;