Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 8, 1954, Abilene, Texas
Clear To Partly Cloudy
MDMING"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 325
Associated Press (AP)TÏÏÎTÏ^i TF.XAS. SATURDAY MORNING.~MAY 8. 1954-TWENTY PAGES IN TOO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY J.Oc
Brownell, Joe Clash Delayed
WASHINGTON, May 7 UB-Sen. Mundt (R-SD) sent a new query to Atty. Gen. Brownell tonight about using a controversial “letter”—based in part on a secret FBI report — in the McCarthy-Pentagon hearings.
The query avoided for the moment a showdown between Brownell and Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) on whether material in security- loyalty cases can be made public.
Mundt said he was asking Brownell to say whether any portions of the McCarthy-produced document can be used as evidence in the public airing of McCarthy’s dispute with Pentagon officials.
Mundt is acting chairman of the Senate Investigations subcommittee probing the disputes, but Sen. McClellan (D-Ark), senior Democratic member, said the new request to Brownell “is not a committee action, it’s the action of the chairman.”
Not in Interest
Brownell said yesterday publication of the “letter” in full “would be contrary to the public interest,” but McCarthy countered that “I don’t intend to” keep such material secret unless FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover also asks that it be done. McCarthy demanded that Brownell be called to testify why the information must remain secret.
Mundt made his announcement after an afternoon closed meeting of the subcommittee. McClellan told reporters that as things now stand, no portion of the purported letter “is entitled to go in” the
to be composed of “excerpts from a memorandum that has not been evaluated by anyone who has been a witness and testified in the
McCarthy contends the 1951 letter-given him, he said, by an Army intelligence officer—shows the Army received ample warning from the FBI of espionage danger at Ft. Monmouth, N.J. He and the Army differ sharply on the ques-
See CLASH, Pg. H-A, Col. 5
,. . photo by Robert« Studio TRAVIS WRIGHT
Abilene Y outh Dies In Snyder Crash
Travis Kay Wright, 19, son of a field by the impact and the truck
Troops to Indochina Ruled Out at Present
Mr. and Mrs. William Claude Wright, 1110 Palm St., was killed Friday shortly before noon in a car-truck collision near Snyder.
The 1954 Ford which he was driving was involved in a collision with a truck loaded with drilling pipe driven by Curtis Eugene Green, 27, of 633 Cypress St.
The accident occurred at 11:25 a.m. at the intersection of State Highway 101 and Farm-to-Market Road 1606 about 9.8 miles south of Snyder.
The truck was headed west on the farm road and Wright was headed south on Highway 101 at
record as evidence. He described j the time of the accident, it as irrelevant because it seems j Both vehicles were knocked into
Fall of Fort May Be Rallying Cry
WASHINGTON, May 7 W» —’ United States leaders sought today to turn the gallant but futile defense of Dien Bien Phu into a rallying erjf for new, united efforts to halt Communist aggression in Southeast Asia.
The isolated French bastion in northern Viet Nam fell to hordes of Red troops on the eve of efforts to reach a peaceful settlement at Geneva and while Secretary of State Dulles was preparing to outline this country’s next moves in a radio-television address to the nation.
Not in Vain President Eisenhower in a message to President Rene Coty of France, said defenders of the fortress should know “that no sacrifice of theirs has been in vain; that the free world will remain faithful to the causes for which they have so nobly fought.”
He added that “the battle will forever stand as a symbol of the free world’s determination to resist dictatorial aggression.”
Sen. Knowland (R—Calif', the Republican leader, referred in a Senate speech to the Alamo, Dunkirk, Bataan and Corregidor, and said the fall of the Indochinese fortress “does not mean a war has been lost, but only a particular battle.”
'Remember the Alamo” became a rallying cry in Texas* battle for independence from Mexico, and Britain’s evacuation of its beaten forces at Dunkirk and the U. S. troops’ defense of Bataan and Corregidor provided emotional stimulant in the discouraging early days of World War II.
The President called a special meeting for tomorrow of the National Security Council, the government’s top policy making unit on hot and cold war strategy.
Murray Snyder, assistant White House press secretary, said in answer to a question that he did not know whether the fall of the fortress prompted the call, but it appeared almost certain that the Indochina crisis would be discussed.
rolled over on its right side on top of the car, which was demolished, investigating officers said.
Green was driving a truck owned by E. M. Little and Son, oil rig truckers of Abilene.
The accident was investigated by Highway Patrolmen Bill Zimmerman and E. W. Green, both of Snyder, Scurry County Sheriff Homer Whisnand and Deputy Sheriff Howard Gibbons.
Wright had moved to Snyder about a month ago and was employed as a salesman in the parts department of Tipkin Motor Co. there.
He graduated from Abilene High School in 1953 at mid-term, and was a carrier boy for the Reporter-News for about six years. He attended Hardin-Simmons University and McMurry College for a brief time.
Born Jan. 24, 1935, in Fort Worth, Wright had lived in Abilene since his family moved here late in 1937. He attended Abilene schools.
His father is division chief clerk for Humble Oil and Refining Co. in this area. The family attends Southside Baptist Church.
Wright is survived by his parents, two young or brothers, Marvin and Allen, and several aunts and uncles.
Funeral Saturday Funeral will be held Saturday at 3 p.m. in Southside Baptist Church with Dr. Frank Royal, pastor, officiating, assisted by the Rev. W. C. Ashford, retired Baptist minister.
Burial will be in Elmwood Memorial Park under the direction of Laughter-North Funeral Home.
The body was brought back to Abilene Friday afternoon.
Pallbearers will be Ed Powell, M. H. Walker. Joe Hagins, J. B. Harlan, Bryan Bradbury, Hugh Magers, B. F. Jones, and Frank Moore.
West Maps Opening Talk On Indochina
GENEVA. May 7 (B—'The Big Three Western Powers, informed of the fall of Dien Bien Phu, tonight put the final touches on strategy for Indochina peace talks expected to open tomorrow.
U.S. Under Secretary of State Walter Bedell Smith conferred with British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, then immediately afterward saw French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault.
Hour Not Set
A French spokesman said the stage was set for Indochina talks to open tomorrow afternoon with a definite hour awaiting further contact with the Russians. The spokesman said Russia and the West had agreed that Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov and Eden should alternate as chairmen. English, French, Russian and Chinese were picked as the official languages.
The French delegation issued a formal statement accusing the Communists of deliberately holding up the negotiations on Indochina until the Red-led Vietminh could seize Dien Bien Phu.
There has been no formal East-West meeting on Indochina in the 12 days since the conference opened.
FaU of Dien Bien Phu gives the Vietminh a strong psychological advantage on the eve of the talks.
The French were bitter. A spokesman said that the French made contact with the Communist Chinese delegation here after Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov refused to intervene at French request to start negotiations for a truce at Dien Bien Phu.
The spokesman said the Chinese waited for 20 hours before replying. then declared “this urgent and purely humanitarian issue” must be part of the general discussion on Indochina.
The French declared that the Russians and Chinese had raised procedural points such as the chairmanship, methods of inviting participants and issues over the actual participants to delay the talks.
roWICTED OF KIDNAPING—Handcuffs are snapped on the wrists of Harold Jackson, right, as Joseph Lear (facing camera center left) talks with his attorneys after a iurv in San Francisco found the two men guilty on all counts of kidnaping realtor Leonard Moskovitz for a $500,000 ransom last Jan. 16. Found guilty of kidnaping with bodily harm under California’s “Little Lindbergh” law made the death penalty automatic. .
Police Chief Killed At School Crossing
Dien Bien Phu Falls to Hordes
West Texans Win Awards
AUSTIN, May 7 (^Youngsters from West Texas won top honors today in two Class AA Interscholas tic League writing events.
In ready writing, Class AA, Dan Connell, Abilene, won first and in feature writing Ann Albro, San Angelo, rated tops.
Charles South of Sweetwater was third in ready writing in Class AA Jimmy Brennon of Lamar, Hous ton. and Carol Helib of Pasadena took top spots in boys and girls declamation in Class A A.
Other winners today included Orlando Garza, El Paso, second place in Conference AA boys declamation with Don Drennan, Abilene, third.
Seasions Hammond of Merkel was second in boys declamation
in Class A.
Ann Lightfoot of Sweetwater was fourth in headline writing in Conference AA journalism contests, Ann Rudd of Colorado City was fourth in copyreading, fifth in headline writing and fifth in news writing In Conference A.
In Conference B journalism contests. Maxine Showalter of South Junior High. Abilene, was second hi copyreading and fourth in feature writing.
Other results today included: Extemporaneous speech, Conference AA: (boys' 1. Donald Brand, Stephen F. Austin, Austin; 2. Joe Garrison, Lubbock, (girls) 1. Nancy Gooeby. Mtiby, Houston; 2. Pat Dnweotw Waco.
PARIS, May 7 iJB—Hordes of Vietminh troops toppled the barbed wire fortress of Dien Bien Phu today in their biggest victory of the 7-year-war for Indochina.
Premier Joseph L a n i e 1 announced the loss in the National Assembly. This nation, though long embittered by the war 8,000 miles away, was shocked at the defeat.
Under constant fire for 57 days, the fortress fell under the fifth massive attack launched by a force which outnumbered the defenders 6-1.
There was no word on the fate of Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, nor of Genevieve de Galard Terraube, the French nurse and only woman in the fortress.
The final days were harrowing to the defenders. Hundreds of wounded piled up in the underground shelters while the French appealed vainly for a truce to permit their evacuation.
The fortress was originally or ganized to cover virtually the whole of the fiat little rice valley, six miles long and half as wide It was whittled gradually until it was barely larger than a big foot ball stadium.
Late yesterday and on into the dusk, the defenders saw the Viet minh moving into position for the attack. They piled into trenches they had dug right up to the edge of barbed wire barricades on which the French had depended for safety. De Castries called for bombers to block and break up the movements. The bombers came in droves as the monsoon clouds lifted.
But in the night, the attack was
Vietminh forces, battalion after batallion flung themselves out of the trenches against the company strength strongpoints which the
HOW REDS SMASHED-The connecting arrows on this map illustrate the three-pronged assault by Communist-led Vietminh rebels as they struck at the inner defenses of the shrunken Dien Bien Phu fortress (shaded area).
French Union forces had estab lished about the edges of the fortress. Battalions of a thousand poured over the French strongpoint companies of 200 and by 2 a.m. under thin moonlight, four of the strongpoints were taken.
Woggin' Tongue ...2
Busi nett .............. *
Sport«............4, 7# ®
Comic« ............... ®
Clast if iod ads......4, i, 4
Form A Morkot« «««»..«• 7
Rodio 4 TV log« •. ®
Rain Unlikely Here, But Moisture May Hit Far West Texas
No rain was seen for the Abilene area for Saturday although a low pressure area was building up in Colorado and New Mexico, the U. S. Weather Bureau here reported.
The weatherman said this low pressure area might bring moisture to the extreme western part of the state and the eastern part of New Mexico.
The front which passed through Abilene Thursday night was stationary south of San Antonio I ri-day night, causing some rain at Lufkin in East Texas.
The strong winds which whistled through the Abilene area Thursday night toppled the Patterson Grain Elevator at Hawley, causing an estimated $3,000 damages.
Repair work was underway Friday and workmen reported it would be ready in time for the wheat season. t
Eight miles northwest of Rising Star in the Hilburn community a barn belonging to B. J. Ferkin was unroofed. _
c. s. BmiTMENT or COMMEITE
M LATH KB BIKKAU
ABILENE AND VICINITY - ClfW lo partly cloudy wHii mild tcmpcraturw; high Saturday night, 55-40.
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Partly cloudy through Sunda>: Warmer Sunday and in northw«*t Saturday.
WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy through Sunda.1. warmer in Panhandle and South Plains Saturday
»0 ......... 1:30 78
3» .......... 2:» ............
5S ............ 3 30 72
Sg ............ 4:30 ............
58 ......... 5 30 70
at ............ c m w
«0 . .......... 7:30 «
62 ............ S:30 «3
«4 ......... 7:30 «0
6« ............ 10:30 —
« _____ U 3» —
fig ............ 12 30 -
High and low temperature« for 24 hour* ended at * 30 p.m.: 72 and 54.
High and low temperature* aame date lac. year: »2 and 44.
Sunset laat night 7:24 p.m. Sunrise today 3:4« a.m. Sunset tonight 7 25 p.m.
Barometer reading nt 7:30 p.m. 14.19.
Relative hnmklMy nt 9:90 p.m. M per
BRECKENRIDGE, May 7. (RNS) — Breckenridge s polic« chief was struck and killed by a car Friday afternoon at an intersection where he had been helping school children across the street.
Ollie Jackson, 58. was standing in front of a parked police car at the corner of East Walker at Hartford St. when he was hit by an auto driven by Edward Huey, 28, of Big Spring.
County Atty. Ben Dean, Jr., said charges of negligent homicide were filed against Huey, an oilfield worker and employe of Duncan Drilling Co. of Big Spring. Huey was also charged with driving without a license.
Highway Patrolman Charles Swygert said Huey's car was going west but his brakes tailed him as he approached the intersection.
To avoid ramming a pickup-truck ahead, Huey swerved his vehicle to the right, sideswiping the left front fender of Jackson’s police car and then hitting Jackson, according to Swygert.
Chief Jackson was directing school children from East Ward elementary school across the street when he was fatally injured. East Ward school is a block north of the intersection. A group of children
OLLIE JACKSON . . . struck by auto
was waiting to be helped across when the accident occurred.
Huey stopped and sought to render aid, but Jackson was believed to hiAe been killed instantly. He was pronounced dead upon arrival at Stephens County Memorial Hospital. He suffered multiple injuries.
U.S., Britain, France Reject Russia's Security Proposal
In the car with Huey were his wife, Jeanette, and three children. The family was returning home to Big Spring after visiting Mrs. Huey’s relatives in McKinney.
Jackson had served Stephens County and Breckenridge as a law enforcement officer since 1934, when he was named deputy sheriff. In 1936 he was appointed police chief and remained in that post until 1946, when he was elected sher-iff.
He was renamed city police chief in April, 1950. and had served at that post since then.
Jackson was a native of Stephens County.
Survivors are his wife, Lena Mae, Breckenridge; two sons, Clyde of Hondo and Wayne of Breckenridge; two daughters. Mrs. Alan Hamm of Fort Worth and Mrs. Kenneth Pruitt of Abilene; one stepdaughter, Mrs. W. D. Dyches of Breckenridge; one brother, C. C. Jackson of Ranger; five half-brothers, Vernon, Rupert and Odis, ail of Breckenridge, Babe Freeman of Portales, N. M., and Clarence Freeman, address unavailable; two half-sisters, Mrs. W. T. Pierce and Mrs. Nancy Rowan, both of Breckenridge, and nine grandchildren.
Satterwhite Funeral Home of Breckenridge will announce funeral arrangements.
Dulles Hints Of Military Commitments
WASHINGTON, May 7 (^Secretary of State Dulles tonight ruled put use of American armed force* in Indochina at this time but declared saving Southeast Asia from communism may yet demand “serious” military commitments by the free world. Dulles asserted in a radio-TV report to the American people that collective action by anti-Communist powers will be able to block a Red drive for the rich resources of Southeast Asia.
“I feel confident that unity of purpose persists, and that such a tragic event as the fall of Dien Bien Phu will harden, not weaken, our purpose to stay united.”
More Urgent If the Geneva conference fails to yield an Indochina armistice “on* honorable terms and under proper safeguards,” Dulles declared, the need will be “even more urgent” for united action to defend the area. But, he added:
In making commitments which might involve the use of armed force, the Congress is a full partner. Only the Congress can declare war.”
In ruling out any armed intervention in Indochina now, Dulles said, “Present conditions there do not provide a suitable basis for the United States to participate with its armed forces.”
Issues Warning At the same time, he solemnly warned that the United States would be “gravely concerned” if any armistice agreed to by Franco should “provide a road to a Communist takeover and further aggression.”
“If this occurs,” he said, “or if hostilities continue, then the need will be even more urgent to create the conditions for united action in defense of the area.
Spoke To Nation Dulles spoke to the nation a few hours after Communist armies had overwhelmed the French Union garrison at Dien Bien Phu after 57 days of bloody fighting.
His speech, changed at the last minute to take this defeat into account, paid high tribute to the anti-Communist defenders for the “staggering losses” inflicted on the enemy.
“An epic battle has ended.” h« said. “But great causes have, before now, been won out of lost
battles.” ,,, .
Dulles frankly acknowledged that “difficulties have been encoun*
See TROOPS, Pg. 11-A, Col. 3
WASHINGTON, May 7 <f>—The United States, Britain and France today rejected Russia’s all-Europe collective security proposal as a useless false front that would cover up but not solve East-West “difficulties and divisions.”
The Big Three governments responded with identical notes delivered by their embassies at Moscow. The text of the U.S. reply was made public by the State Department.
Offered March 31 Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov had offered the Soviet plan last March 31 in notes handed the U.S., British and French ambassadors at Moscow.
The U.S. reply rejected the Soviet offer to discuss joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and setting up an all-Europe security arrangement.
The U.S. reply said NATO was created five years ago as a pooled defense against the encroachment of the Soviet political, economic and military systems.
“All its decisions are taken by unanimous consent,” the note added. “The Soviet Union as a member of the organization would therefore be in a position to veto every decision.”
No Substitute As to the all-inclusive security, arrangements proposed by the Russians, the Big Three countered that no “new illusory security or
ganizations” could substitute for groupings of “like-minded states” such as in NATO.
The United States government remains convinced,” the note declared. “that the only way to remove the sense of insecurity which weighs on the world is through step-by-step solution of individual problems.
"It does not believe a lasting settlement can be achieved by erecting a new facade of security behind which the fundamental difficulties and divisions remain unchanged.”
Nursing Home Fire Kills Three Women
HOUSTON, May 7 ws—Three elderly women died today in a fire at a frame nursing home. Another woman and two men received minor burns.
Three other patients and the nurse on duty got out unharmed.
The dead were Mrs. Emma Glass and Mrs. Mae Veazel, both 80 and of Houston; and Mrs. Annie Seelhurst, 64, Humble.
The injured are Miss Mary Williams, 68. Hugh Lawrence, 73. and Irving Stevens, 77.
Three employes at a service station across the street from the Alabama Convalescent Home and a nursing student who had stopped to buy gasoline ran to the home and helped save several occupants.
SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN REPORTER-NEWS
Power for Peace.
That’s the theme of this year’s Armed Forces Day observance in Abilene. Staff Writer John Danilson will tell Sunday Reporter-News readers how the Abilene Air Force Base is shaping up as one of the nation’s powers for peace. Sunday’s paper also will tell you about the Armed Forces Day speaker—how he was the man on the bridge when destroyers blasted Japanese shore batteries.
And politics are taking shape. Reporter-News State Editor Katharyn Duff will show how major races look.
You can reserve extra copies of the Sunday Reporter-News with your agent or nearest newsstand, for 10 cents.
Moran Honors School Heads
MORAN, May 7. (RNS>—Present and former trustees of Moran public schools, totaling 55 in number, were honored Friday night at a band concert in the high school auditorium.
Harold D. Thomas, school superintendent and band director, presented certificates to each of the honorees.
Judge I. M. Chism of Aibany, speaker for the evening, traced the history of public schools and termed them the product of the American way of life.
“We must never lose sight of the principles upon which our nation was built,” he declared. He also briefly discussed the history of public education in Texas.
The occasion almost resolved into a fund - raising rally for Moran High School band uniform*. Sanford Tune, Moran Church of Christ preacher, gave the audience a pep talk on the need for uniforms and said each uniform would cost (19.
Thirteen in the audience volunteered to buy uniforms for the band, which has 55 members. F. K. Humphrey, oil surveyor, sparked the rally further by donating $10 to the cause and when the funds were in, approximately $100 had been raised.
Two other persons were honored at the event. Nancy Williams, band member, presented Mrs. Garland Shelton, piano teacher, with a gift, and Danny Connally presented an electric razor to Band Director Thomas.
The affair was interspersed with 10 numbers from the Moran band.