Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 7, 1954, Abilene, Texas
Cleor To Portly Cloudy
Wift ^Wlene 3^portcr
"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 324
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 7, 1954—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Mr. Enters Army Squabble
WASHINGTON, May 6 iifV-Atty, Cen. Brownell ruled against Sen. McCarthy iR-Wis) today on releasing some secret FBI data dealing with a search fgr espionage. The senator angrily demanded that Brownell be called before the Senate Investigations subcommittee to justify his stand.
With this question still open, the McCarthy-Pentagon inquiry delved into the record of a certain “Mr. X.” This man never was named, but McCarthy charged he is one of several persons with “Communist connections“ who have served on the Pentagon’s top security gcreening board.
John G. Adams, Army counsel, replied that the man had been cleared of security risk allegations after an investigation.
Letter Is Memo Brownell got into the inquiiT when the Senate investigators asked him if it would be all right to make public a “letter“ produced earlier by McCarthy — a letter ' that turned out to be a cut-down version of an FBI memo on the ‘ question of espionage at Ft. Mon- j mouth, N. J.
The attorney general sent back his answer today. It was no. He said the letter makes “unauthorized use” of secret FBI data. And he ruled it would be against the public interest to disclose either the letter or the 15*page FBI memo from which it was extracted.
This prompted McCarthy to make the most impassioned speech he has made since the televised hearings began two weeks ago.
He declared Brownell himself set a precedent for releasing such material when he divulged FBI data against “a dead spy — not the live spies we are discussing” in the Harry Dexter White case.
Shouting, and his voice rising to an emotional pitch, McCarthy said the time has come to test Truman - Eisenhower security directives.
Claims Neglect “As far as I personally am concerned,” McCarthy declared, “no Truman directive or any other directive which is designed not for ihe security of this nation, but to
prevent embarrassment of those responsible for covering up Communists, will keep me from making public the type of information we have here showing gross neglect.”
McCarthy contends the 1951 “letter” shows the Army had ample warning of spy danger in secret radar laboratories. But the Army, he says, ignored such warnings.
Pentagon officials on the other side of the fence deny there was any laxity. They produced a statement from FBI Director J. Edgai Hoover today saying he received fine cooperation from Army Intelligence.
At the heart of the row are (a) charges by Pentagon officials that
See MR. ‘X’. Pg. 8-A. Col t
10 Feared Dead as Navy Plane (rashes
CORPUS CHRISTI, May 6 (iTL-A helicopter carrying a doctor reached the burned wreckage of a Navy flying boat late today.
There was no word, but it appeared all the 10 crewmen died in the crash in Mexico hill country.
A plane, circling the scene 90 miles below the southern tip of Texas, said the PBM apparently flew into the side of a hill 2,000 to 3,000 feet high.
Radioed reports said some Mexicans were around the crash site, but there was no sign of any Navy men. The plane, missing since last night, was still burning when it was spotted at noon today,
A medical team from Ellington Air Force Base, Houston, was to parachute to tha hill. The team flew over the site earlier, but decided to wait to jump until the helicopter arrived and could select the safest place for the men to land.
Lubbock Jury Expected to Report Friday
The U. S. grand jury at Lubbock investigating charges of VA housing loan frauds ended its second day in session Thursday without returning any indictments.
U. S. Judge Joseph B. Dooley ordered the panel after he dismissed former indictments against 45 iridi-viduals because they had been improperly drawn.
U. S. District Attorney Heard L. Floore had said the grand jury might act Thursday on cases being presented for investigation. He indicated Thursday evening after the grand jury reces.sed for the night that a report might l>e made to the court Friday evening but that the panel possibly would continue working Saturday,
Among about 10 ^fitnesses who have appeared before the grand jur>' in the two days it has now worked were John Orr of Washington. D. C., with the investigation service of the Veterans Administration; Monroe Freeman of Austin; Weldon Russell, Jr., and Taylor W. Long. Jr., both of Abilene, and Mrs. Wanda Presnall of l\^id-land, formerly with West Texas Abstract Co. in Abilene.
Floore said that several of those who had been named in the former indictments that have now been dismissed remained in Lubbock this week and requested the opportunity to appear before the grand jury.
Among theSe were Mrs. Dillie Coats of 902 Merchant St.; T. J. Wilson of 2126 Palm St., Ocie S. Leveridge of 3421 South 13th St. and Reuben Rouse of 2098 Vine St.
Sudden Squall Brings
Roof Blows Off; Gloss Shattered
Johnson Soys U. S. Xought Bluffing'
WASHINGTON, May 6 imSen. Lyndon B, Johnson (D-Tex) declared tonight that the Eisenhower administration has been “caught bluffing by our enemies” and the United States stands “in clear danger of being left naked and tlone in a hostile world.”
'l*he Senate Democratic leader launched an attack on the Republican administration’s foreign policies in a speech prepared for a $100-a-plate Jefferson-Jackson dinner.
Rayburn Also Speaks
Rep. Rayburn (D-Tex) also spoke to the approximately 1,500 party faithful who turned out for the first Washington dinner of its kind since the Democrats went down to defeat in the 1952 presidential election. Rayburn said that while he has no personal criticism of President Eisenhower, the Republican party is headed “downward” toward loss of control of Congress in the November election.
In a message to the dinner, attended by former President Truman, Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois, the 1952 party presidential nominee, predicted that the Republicans “will have considerable experience as a minority after November of 1954.”
Mainlain Purpose Stevenson exhorted the Dcnao-crats to maintain “party equilibrium and steady purpose in the face of the incessant barrage of falsehood and insult to all Democrats which cannot hide the confusion, contradiction and impotence within the majority party."
Stevenson was not able to be present at the two-day conference of the Democratic National Committee, which preceded the dinner. Stevenson is still recovering from a kidney operation. But other members of the party made up for his absence by vigorous attacks on the Eisenhower domestic and foreign policies.
In a closed session of tlie National Committee before the climactic dinner. Chairman Stephen A. Mitchell was given a vole of
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Rotan 8th Grader Dies of Leukemia
ROTAN. May 6 (RNS) — Ted Strickland, 14. Rotan eighth grade student, died of leukemia in Baylor Hospital at Dallas at 4:50 a. m. Thursday. He had been ill about two years.
Funeral will be conducted at 3 p. m. Friday in the First Baptist C'hurch here. Officiating will be the Rev. Robert Campbell, pastor of the Highland Horae Baptist Church in the Dowell community.
Burial will be in Rotan Cemetery under the direction of Weath-ersbee Funeral Home.
The Rotan schools will dismiss
at T30 p. m. Friday for the serv
Ted Strickland was born in the Dowell community east of Rotan confidence on his action urging the' pp ggpt. 5, 1939,
withdrawal of James Roosevelt, Survivors are his parents. Mr.
son of the former President, and Truett Strickland; three
Rep, Robert L. Condon from races for Democratic congressional nominations in California.
Another Tack Sen, Johnson, who has made a point of cooperating with the Republicans on foreign and military affairs, took another tack tonight in lambasting Republican foreign | policies.
“All of us have listened to the' dismal series of reversals and con-1 fusions and alarms and excursions | which have emerged from Washington over the past few weeks,” he declared. “It is apparent only that American foreign policy has never in all its history suffered such a stunning reversal.”
ABILENIAN HONORED — Harry Dobbyn aeft) '^^^ saluteci Thursday Ab
lene’s Mental Health Citizen of the Year for his work as director of the city s uvil defense program. Dr. Max Leach (center), society President and emcee at the bam auet holds the certificate presented to Dobbyn. At right is Ans A. (Bob) Mallas, Jr., research associate for the Texas Research League, Austin, who was principal speaker for the occasion. (Staff Photo by David Barros)
Texans Warned:WorkNow On Mental Health Problem
WHERE IT RAINED
A squall line that passed over Abilene shortly after 10 p.m. dumped about .55 of an inch of rain in half an hour and did moderate damage to buildings and electrical wir-
^^The squall line had reached Cross Plains by 10:45 p.m.
It was a relatively narrow front, U.S. Weather Forecaster C., E. Sitchler reported. . , . ^ ^
But it was accompanied by high winds—up to 65 miles per hour in gusts—and some light hail in the area.
Merkel reported a shower and some hail and Rotan got .10 of an inch shortly before the squall line reached Abi-iene. Eight miles northeast of Rotan the shower totaled half an inch. Hobbs reported .25 of an inch with light hail, lots of lightning and
A tin roof blew off the Bowman Lumber Co. building at 902 North Fifth St.. striking an automobile across the street. Damage to the automobile was minor, police re-portCKl.
A plate glass window at Adrian Cahn Motors. 618 Pine St., was broken by the high winds, which swooped down on the city in a short but frenzied outburst.
Electrical wires were reported down in two places downtown.
Sitchler estimated .55 of an inch of rain had fallen by 10:45 p. m., with the shower mostly over at that time. At 1450 Clinton St.. .65 of an inch was recorded.
14.50 Clinton ......
2225 Edgemont ...
ROTAN . . a . - e
8 miles northeast
brothers, Harvey Lee, Glen and Gary; and one sister, Charlene. All are of Rotan.
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By WALTER BURCH
Unless more Texans wake upTo the realities of the state’s mental health problem, they may face an insurmountable barrier w'ithin a generation.
Thus warned a young governmental researcher Thursday night in an address before members of the Abilene-Taylor County Society for Mental Health at the group’s annual dinner-meeting,
Aris A. (Bob) Mallas, Jr., said
citizens must be personally concerned with mental health problems, be informed of them and learn how to contribute to solving them.
The first thing the state needs to do, he said, is to meet its most pressing needs to bring its mental health program into conformity with the needs of the population and secondly to prepare for the future.
He said population specialists
HASKELL MAN NAMED
75 West Texas Counties To Gel U.S. Erosion Aid
AUSTIN. May 6 iJ>F-Some 75 West Texas counties were certified by Gov. Shivers today for inclusion in an emergency wind erosion control program for which President Eisenhower has allocate $2,322.(K)0 to Texas.
Shivers said he had been assured more funds will be available.
To help the state whip its drought and disaster problems and plan a-gainst the possibilities of recession or inflation over a long range period. Shivers formed a governor’s economic advisory committee.
The governor invited 16 to be on the committee:
K. A. Anderson, Palestine, presi-
assumed command here
NEW COMMANDER—Lt. Cmdr. W. D. Wofford, center, , ,
Thursday night of the Naval Reserve Surface Division 8-M. Looking on are, left. U. Cmdr. J. Henry Doscher, Jr., retiring commanding offi«r; ai^ right, Lt. Cmdr. Robert E. Fielder, new executive officer. (Staff Photo by David Barros)
dent. East Texas Chamber of Commerce; H. A. Beckwith, Austin, chairman. State Board of Water Engineers; Dr. J. L. Bullard. Kerr-ville. President, League of Texas Municipalities: John Couch, Haskell. president W'est Texas Cham ber of Commerce.
■ Judge Jeff Dean, Robert Lee, president County Judges and Commissioners Assn.; D. C. Greer, Austin, state highway engineer; Neill Greer, Houston, president Texas Bankers Assn.; W'alter Ham mond. Waco, president, Texas Farm Bureau Federation; William Harris, Dallas, president, Texas State Federation of Labor;
Weldon Hart, Austin, chairman, Texas Employment Commission; Evan Hunt, Harlingen, president. Lower Rio Grande Valley Chamber of Commerce; William McGill, Austin, state coordinator of defense and disaster relief; E. L, Powell, San Antonio, president. South Texas Chamber of Com-i merce;
Jim Smith, Houston, president. Texas Council of Industrial Organization; John White. Austin, Agriculture Commissioner: and John H. Winters, Austin, director, state department of public welfare.
(’ounties certified for the wind erosion control program are-Andrews. Armstrong, Bailey, Borden. Briscoe, Carson, Castro, Childress, Cochran. Coke, Collingsworth, Cottle. Crane, Crosby, Culberson, Dallam, Dawson, Deaf Smith, Dickens, Donley, Ector, F'isher, Floyd, Foard, Gaines, Garza. Glasscock, Gray, Hale, Hall, Hansford, Hardeman, Hartley, Haskell, Hemphill. Hockley, Howard. Hutchinson, Irion, Jones, Kent, King, Knox, Lamb, Lipscomb, Loving. Lubbock, Lynn, .Martin, Midland, Mitchell, Moore, Motley, Nolan. Ochiltree, Oldham, Parmer, Potter, Randall, Reagan. Reeves. Roberts, Scurry, Sherman, Sterling. Stonewall, Swisher, Terry, Tom Green, Upton, Ward, Wheeler, Wilbarger, Winkler, Yoakum.
predict that Texas will have 12,-KW.OOO persons by 1975.
“When you consider that one out of every eight persons between 20 and 65 will at one time be admitted to a mental hospital, the problem in the future can be gra^ically seen," he said.
Because mental health problems are "always with us” and do not develop instantaneously as do tornadoes and floods, Mallas attributed a lack of widespread interest as compared with problems resulting from natural phenomenena such as caused by weather disturbances.
'The 700,000 mental patients now in U. S. hospitals exceed the combined total of those in hospitals for other reasons, he pointed out.
Mallas traced briefly the work of the Texas Research I,eague and specified the nature of his work as a researcher.
He repeatedly commended the interest shown by Abilenians with their presence at the meeting. Approximately 60 persons attended.
Rebel lines HH By Bomber Heel
HANOI, Indochina, May 6 Fleets of bombers swarming in as monsoon clouds lifted showerc*d high fragmentation bomb.s on Viet-minh troops surr unding beleaguered Dien Bien Phu today. The attacks ripped big gaps in the tightening rebel lines.
Bombers from bases in northern Indochina and from the former U.S. aircraft carrier Belleau Wood, now owned by the French as the Bois Belleau, swept in to bomb not only artillery emplacements but also the creeping trench systems now little more than 100 feet from the barbed wire protecting the inner fortress.
Explode Above Ground
Land-based Privateer bombers carried four 500 - pound bombs each, designed to explode above ground with deadly intensity among infantry. Hell Divers and Bearcats from the carrier came in for more precision attacks.
While the warplanes struck, French mortars and artillery were plastering the rebels and waging violent duels with their batteries in the nearby hills.
Sweetwater Man Dies in Mexico ‘
Guy E. Morris, Texaco agent at Sweetwfiter, died at 1:30 p.m. Thursday in a hospital at Guadalajara, Mexico.
Funeral will be held Sunday at Sweetwater Episcopal Church. The family will accompany the body from Mexico by plane.
Survivors include his wife; one son Carlos Morris of Sweetwater; and two grandchildren.
Yank Plane In Indochina May Be lost
HONG KONG, Friday, May 7— A Flying Boxcar flown by an American crew in Indochina failed to return to its base, an announcement said today.
The announcement was made by the Civilian Air Transport Co. operated by Maj. Gen. Claire Chen-nault, retired. CAT has been operating Flying Boxcars under contract in Indochina to haul supplies.
The Flying Boxcars, with their civilian pilots, have been used to ferry supplies over the tiny drop zone at Dien Bien Phu.
A Hanoi despatch yesterday said the American pilots were under orders not to take any chances on ing hit by the heavy concentration of Vietminh antiaircraft artillery fire.
The dispatch said the pilots were flying at 10,000 feet or so and aiming their parachuted supplies to a dropping zone around 1,000 feet square. It added that they were scoring a high percentage of hits on the drop zone, despite the fact they had to operate through mist and rain at times.
Whenever it was necessary to fly low to parachute supplies, the dispatch said, transports piloted by the French took over the task as the French Command did not want an American plane shot down and its crew fall into the hands of the Viet Minh.
Abilene 2nd In 1-Acl Play
AUSTIN. May 6 (ifv-Reagan High School of Houston won tonight the one-act play contest in the Inter-scholastic League state meet.
Abilene High School, with “The Wind is Ninety,” directed by Ernest Sublett, was second.
Reagan presented “The Lottery,” directed by Mrs. Jeanne W'ootten.
The oulsUndmg actor award went to David Martin of Waco and the outstanding actress to Shirley Rusk of New Braunfels,
Selected for the all-sUr cast were Marion Cook. New Braunfels; Walden Townley, Houston; Shirley Rusk; Ernesto I^ssich. El Paso: Don Drtnnan, Abilene, and David Martin.
Private Killed In Army Maneuvers
FORT HOOD, May 6 (^A private was killed when run over by an armored troop carrier and a lieutenant was wounded by blank ammunilion wadding today in the first casualties of Exercise Spearhead. the big 4th Army combat
Names were withheld.
Geneva Talks At Standstill
GENEVA. Mas 6 (JV-Efforts to end the war in Indochina and unify Korea came to a near standstill at the Geneva conference today.
The French, their hand strength ened by the vote of cimfidence given Premier J(»eph Laniel in Paris, were reported still trying desperately for a truce at Dien Bien Phu to permit removal of the wounded. But thus far the French had failed to establish any contact with Communist-led Vietminh representatives here either directly or through a intermediary such as the Red Cross.
There were no known contacts between East and West on higher levels.
Seek Red Cross The French made a tentative ef-fort to obtain the international; committee of the Red Cross as intermediary in seeking a truce at Dien Bien Phu. Although both the French and the all-Swiss corn-miitee declined any information, it was learned that the French wanted the committee to approach the Vietminh concerning a truce.
'rhe committee held a meeting late today, but a spokeaman would say only that it would be impossible for the Red Cross to act as intermediary at the request of one side because of the political implications.
Marc Jacquet, French minister for affairs of the Associat^Btates.
.rrived from Pari, to^t with ^
precise mstrucUons for the French n $ m p.m.-. ss «»ci ss.
delegation, formulated at t h i s! hisr »d iuw t*mper.tur« »m. tet« mornin*'. Cabin« saaaloii. He went immediately to Bldault who had just received word on the vote of coofidenc«.
DEfABTMENT OF f'OMMEBC'K WEATHKB BIBEAU
ABILENE AND MClMTYt to
partly cloudy Friday and Saturday! a
cloudy throush Saiurday with Ihunderaliowera. Cooler nortliweai Frid.i> and cast and awuth Saturday.
WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy throuiih Saturday with acattcred thunderahowcr. panhandla. South PUina ai^ Pocm eastward. Cooler Panhandle and houih
Flaina Friday -a
EAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy uith m«* tered Ihunderahowert Saturday and la the north Friday. Cooler norOi Saturday, wtih moderate aoutherly wtnda on coast.
SOITH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly Cloudy throuth Saturdar, w*Oi scattered thunderahowera north Saturday No Itn-pi>rtanl chansea. Mitderate to lucaUy freah southerly winds on coaat.
1:30 3:39 3:30 4 30 5:» 6:30 7:39 9:30 9 39 MM 11 M l*:J
P M. ÏS
Suiwet laat atóM 7 *4 p.m Sunrlao today am. Sunaet tuaifht 7:34 p.m.
Baronietar readtns at t;M p.m. ttM Relativa humidity at 9:39 p.m. 39 per