Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 5, 1954, Abilene, Texas
VOL. LXXIII, NO. 322
UL\)t Abilene Reporter
"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron_
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 5, 1954—TWENTY-TWO PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY IOC
THEIR PAPER WINS PULITZER PRIZE—Alicia Patter-son, editor and publisher, and Alan Hathaway, managing editor, share mutual congratulations as they learn in Garden City, N. Y., their newspaper, Newsday, won a Pulitzer Prize for meritorious public service in journalism. Newsday exposed labor racketeering in its home county, Nassau, and political shenanigans that spawned New York’s 1953 harness racing investigations.
FBI Letter Ignites Mew Uproar in Probe
WASHINGTON, May 4 (if — An alleged “secret and confidential’’ letter from J. Edgar Hoover, warning of a highly dangerous security situation at Ft. Monmouth, N.J., touched off a neto uproar in the McCarthy-Pentagon hearings today.
McCarthy set off the latest row by producing what he described as “one of a series of letters’’ from FBI Director Hoover. McCarthy said Hoover had given repeated warnings of what the senator termed a “tremendously dangerous” situation involving security risks at the Ft. Monmouth radar laboratories.
Army counsel Joseph N. Welch protested it was improper for McCarthy to have such a letter—labeled “Secret and Confidential"— in his possession, and declared it looked to him as if the senator was breaking the law.
McCarthy brought out the letter in cross-examination of Secretary of the Army Stevens, after suggesting that associates of atom spy Julius Rosenberg continued to do secret work at Ft. Monmouth long
C S. DEPARTMKVT OK COMMERCE HEATHER HI REAC.
ABILENE AM) VICINITY - Clear and «lightly warmer Wednesday. Wednesday night and Thursday. Maximum tern-perature Wednesday near 80 and low Wednesday night 45 to r>0.
NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEXAS— Generally lair through Thursdayi warmer
EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS— Clear to partly cloudy through Thursdays warmer Wednesday. Moderate east and aoutheasl winds on the coaat.
Reds Capture New French Strongpoinl
HANOI, Tndochina, May 4 —
Screaming Vietminh troops captured another important strong-point today in an attack on shrinking Dien Bien Phu’s western defenses, then beat off a determined French effort to retake the position.
It was one of the grimmer hours of nearly two months of incessant attacks on the French Union fortress by the besieging Red-led rebels.
Since Saturday night the rebels in human wave attacks have captured four strongpoints and part of a fifth. Today’s capture brought the besiegers ever nearer the heart of the northwest Indochina fortress 'whose barbed wire and trench system, interlocked and laced with mines, has been steadily cut in area.
Fortress Divided It is now divided into two major sections: the main center commanded directly by Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries and^ the southern outpost strongpoint “Isabelle’’ whose artillery fire is still a major protection for the central basion. * It was at Isabelle that some oflhe outlying emplacements were seized over the weekend, but without sharply reducing its firepower.
The strongpoint taken today was off the western edge of the main bastion. Isabelle, while cut off from direct communication, evidently is still a tough nut for the rebels. Instead of taking shelter under its protecting fire it launched its own attack against Vietminh during the day and smashed a trench system.
The rebels, who had slackened their assault Sunday night after I regrouping and refreshing their troops from the pounding they had been taking, launched an attack on Dien Bien Phu’s western perimeter from newly won positions at 2 a.m.
Racing over the muddy battlefield which had been lashed by tropical rains, the Vietminh human tidal waves which out*
_ .. , „ , .. I numbered the French Union de-
Then McCarthy produced the . fenders 10 . j threw themselves
purported letter from Hoover. He j barbed wire barri-
...... La ant it PVPPOt 1 ......
CpI. Dickenson Gets 10-Year Prison Term
Board Rules 'Informed'
after the Army secretary took of fice.
A man mentioned by McCarthy j in this connection was Aaron Coleman. Under questioning by Sen. McClellan <D - Ark*, McCarthy acknowledged that Coleman has sworn he was not a Communist McCarthy has announced he will seek perjury action against Coleman. who has described himself as “anti-Communist in word and speech.”
Stevens said he has suspended 3 persons at Ft. Monmouth but none of them, so far as he knows, are Communists.
vfw PRFCinFNT TAKFS*OVER J L. (Curlev) Hays, center, discusses Optimist
CTu^ctSwiih CarlA. Cahen oTsan A ngelo.' left, and Bill Tate of Dallas. Hays installed as president of the Abilene Optimist Club at a banquet Iuesday nigh . ■n was instanfng officer and Tate the principal speaker. See story, Page 2-A.
Cahen was installing (Staff Photo)
Races Develop for Demo Chairmen; Blanton Files
Tiw*. - A. M. Tuer - P M.
4-, 1:30 69
43 ............ 2:30 70
43 3:30 71
42 ............ « 30 ............ 73
43 ............ 5:30 71
44 6:30 71
4H '........... 7:30 «5
53 .......... • 6 30 ............ «2
M .......... 9 .0 60
39 ............ 10*30 ............
•3 ............ H:30 —
High and low temperatures, for 24 hour*
ended at 6 39 pm. 73 and 41.
High and low temperatures same date last year: C9 and 47.
Sunset last night 7:22 p m. Sunrise today 5:49 *•■*» sunset tonight 7 23 p m.
Barometer reading at 9 30 p m. 281 13.
Relative humidity at 9:30 p m. — 48
didn’t say where he got it, except to deny it came from the FBI files. The letter was dated Oct. 26, 1951—more than a year before Stevens became Army secretary.
McCarthy demanded to know if Stevens? had knowledge of this letter.
Stevens, handling the paper as gingerly as if it were radioactive, said he couldn't recall it and, what’s more, wouldn’t even read it without Hoover’s permission.
Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel to the investigators, declared willingness to subpoena Hoover as a witness if the subcommittee wanted him to.
Finally it was decided to (1> get a statement from Hoover as to whether he wrote the letter, and whether it could be made public, and <2' see whether there is a copy in the Pentagon files. The Army lawyer promised to turn the Pentagon upside down to find such a letter tonight.
Stevens Serious' Spectators laughed, but the Army secretary was dead serious when he refused to do more than glance at the letter so he could try to match it in the Pentagon files.
Jenkins read the letter and said it had pertinent information in respect to Coleman and perhaps others. But he said the question, as far as its relevancy went, was whether it was in Army files when Stevens became secretary and, if
See LETTER. Page 2-A, Col. 5
cades. They hurled plastic containers of nitroglycerine, lunged out in bayonet attacks—and died by the scores before winning their goal.
Their volunteers of death blew up the barbed wire and then blew themselves up. The Vietminh died shouting: “Long live Ho Chi
Minh!” “Death to the French.”
Vietminh mole men burrowed under the barbed wire and popped up inside the French position like gophers. They were quickly killed by French fire.
But by 3:30 a.m. the rebels had overrun the one western strongpoint and held it firmly.
At daybreak, De Castries launched a counterattack supported by sheets of fire from tanks blasting from the heart of the bastion. The fight speedily developed into hand-to-hand death struggles. It was from this counterstroke that the French finally had to withdraw.
Political activity took a surge upwards Tuesday as late filings by letter were received , by County Democratic Chairman B. R Blankenship.
Eighteen candidacies for county posts were received through the mail Tuesday by Blankenship. Included were the candidacy of Abilene attorney Henry Doscher for the county chairman’s post, opposing C. G. Whitten, another attorney. Blankenship will not seek re-election. •
From the mail Tuesday also developed races in a number of Democratic precinct chairmen’s posts.
County Republican Chairman Dr. H. V. Shoultz said Monday night no Republicans had filed in the Congressional race or for county offices.
In the 17th Congressional District representative race, Thomas L. Blanton, Sr., 81. of Albany, has announced his opposition to incum-
Justice of Peace, Precinct 1. Place 1, W. T. St. John; Precinct
1, Place 2, Henry Long; Precinct
2. Mrs. J. L. Beard; Precinct 4. Mrs. J. N. Lawrence; Precinct 5, 0. W. Paine.
Constable Precinct 2. A H. Brice; Precinct 4. John S. Atkins; Precinct 5, Luther Land and Sam P. McClellan; Precinct 8, A. B. Sheppard.
Precinct Democratic chairmen: Precinct 1, Ed Kniffen and Joe T.
and Dan Gallagher; 4, Elaine Suggs, and Newel Thompson; 5. C. R. Pennington and Frank W. Meyers: 6. Dan T. Sorrells and Wil-ham C. Charlton; 7, Mrs. B. C. Hill and Earl M. Rauch: 8. John Cunningham and James R. Neely; 9. Burl King and J. A. Wolfe: R. W. Stafford; 11. Max Leach and James E. Freeman; 12, W. D. (Dub) Wofford and Joe Grba: 13, S. S. Nichols; 14. J. M. Hembree and Robert A. Collins; 15, E. E.
Etheridge, Sr.; 2, J. E. Greely and j Presswood. 19. William M. Lewis; 0. J. Hamilton; 3, Joe L. Reynolds > 24, Robert Hicks of Merkel._
Statute of Limitations Ends Gl Loan Probe for 8 Persons
Women’» i»«ws ....... 4*5
Editorials ............ 4
Rodio & TV log.........*
Ike Okays $10 Million For Drought Aid Relief
WASHINGTON, May 4 iff)—’Ten million dollars worth of drought aid for five stricken states was authorized today by President Eisenhower.
The money will come from the President’s disaster relief lund and will be distributed by the agricul
ditures "to alleviate damage, hardship and suffering in these areas. ' He said the fund would enable the federal government to act quickly in the emergency, “pending final congressional action in this matter.” , ,
A supplemental appropriation
lure department to landowners in bill carrying 15 million dollars for Texas Oklahoma, New Mexico, i dust bowl aid is now betore Sena^ Kansas and Colorado and House conferees lor a com-
The Senate Appropriations Com-, promise agreement Hie Presiden niittee talked about the possibility: said the bill "has been worked out of preventing future dust storms in cooperation with the senators by making it illegal to break sod ! and governors of the states affecte in arid areas that are subject to by this serious wind erosion Molini i Eisenhower said he w as pleased
Sen Hayden <D-Ari*> raised the with the way the drought aid disport at ¿he committee’s hearing cussions had been nut
By GEORGIA NELSON
Dismissal of indictments for al-SS Bur^eson’of’Anson'^The I ¡«d in —ion «ith VA
fiery Blanton is a former long-time housing congressman and district judge at tie Jmmat 1least eig pe Abilene for eight years. Lubbock Monday.
All the candidacies are subject I Those eight persons cannot be to action of the Democratic Party j legally re-indicted on the same primary July 24. charges by the new grand jury
Blanton said Tuesday the “main to be empaneled in U. S. District reason” he was running for the Court at Lubbock Wednesday office “is that something must be This is because the transactions done about saving this country on which the government had been from communism.” | seeking to prosecute these eight
He said he feels the president persons happened more than needs help in that fight from an three years ago. Under the "sta-old hand at the work. ' ” :i'‘ ” ***
Blanton related that he filed a report with Congress in February,
1936, relating to the infiltration of communism into the public schools and other places Blanton said his bill would have made it a crime to be a communist or advocate the overthrow of the government. “That bill would have made the conviction punishable by a $10,000 fine or 10 years in the penitentiary.
J. R. Clark, country treasurer.
on the annual agricultural money bill.
15 Million Asked
The President’s action followed a conferencf he held last week with the governors of the five drought states. The governors asked for 15 million dollars.
Eisenhower said his grant would iupplement local and state expen-
This kind of cooperation will contribute significantly to a speedy and collective attack on this menacing problem.” he said
In Austin, John White, the Texas agriculture commissioner, said even 10 or 15 million dollars won’t be enough to whip the drought problem.
• But it's a move in the right
direction.” White said.
When Hayden brought up the sub ject of passing a law against sod busting in dry areas, Clarence Svedman of Ft. Collins, Colo., told him his state now has such a law but requires approval of 75 per cent of the landowners within district for enforcement.
“And that’s almost an impossibility with absentee-ow ners holding much of the land,” said Svedman, one of several witnesses from the dust bowl area.
The witnesses included Waters Davis Jr. of League City, Tex . president of the National Association of Soil Conservation Districts. They urged the senators to add about 18 million dollars to the 58 million voted by the house for the agriculture department's annual soil conservation program.
"A great deal of our surplus wheat was raised on land that should never have been in cultivation,” Davis said. He added the same is true of some surplus cotton.
tute of limitations,” no indictment
Fox Elected Breck Mayor
BRECKENRIDGE, May 4 — (RNS) — Charlie W. Fox, general manager of a machine company
__________ here, nosed out three other candi-
announced Tuesday he would not I dates Tuesday to become Brecken-be a candidate for re-election. He ridge’s first mayor under the new is retiring for reasons of health, city manager form of government, he said. Four city commissioners were
The Democratic slate here in- ais0 named in the record vote — eludes: 1,587 out of a possible 1.800 voters
Representative 17th Congression- t0 the polls, al District: Omar Burleson of An- c D x)0fflemeyer, Rufus J son, incumbent, and Thomas I- 1 Thurman. H. S. Lemmons and
Blanton, Sr., Albany.
County School Supt : H. L. Gray and Clive Pierce.
104th district attorney: Tom
42d district attorney: Wiley Caf-fey.
District clerk: Robert H. Ross.
County judge: Reed Ingalsbe.
County attorney: Led Sutton.
County clerk: Mrs. Chester
Tax collector: Raymond Petree.
County treasurer: Mrs. Bob
Haile, Mrs. L. Q. CampbeU, and the Rev. Scott W. Hickey.
Sheriff: Ed Powell.
County Democratic chairman J. Henry Doscher and C. G. Whit ten
County Commissioner: Precinct 1 — Claude Newberry, incumbent; and J. H. (Herman* Rucker, both of Abilene; Precinct 2 — Rufe Tit
may be returned by a grand jury on any transaction in this type of case that happened more than three years before the date of the indictment.
Many of the counts against the other 37 persons who were named in the original indictments also were made invalid by the statute of limitation.
District Judge Joseph B. Dooley dismissed the 20 indictments Monday on motion of defendants for the 45 persons and four business firms charged with participating in fraudulent deals in obtaining G1 housing loans. Judge Dooley held that the indictments were improperly drawn.
Among the defendants were 26 Abilenians and one Abilene firm.
Judge Dooley immediately granted a request by U. S. Dist. Atty. Heard L. Floore to empanel a new grand jury in Lubbock to consider re-indicting the same defendants.
The eight who are automatically eliminated from re-indictment are Mrs. Dillie Coats of 902 Merchant St.; W. Barney Cox of 1642 Shelton St.; Mrs. Oliue Burns of 639 Grape St.; Mrs. Bernice O’Neal; Keith Moore and Ruenelle Moore of Hobbs, N.M.; Lawrence E. May and H. Arthur Littell.
Each had only one or two counts against him under the original in dictments.
The |>ossible number of counts against 16 other defendants in the former indictments has been reduced by statutes of limitations.
Raymond Thomason. Sr. of 1626 Belmont Blvd., against whom the greatest number of counts had been returned, also had the great
WASHINGTON, May 4 <£>)—Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson was convicted today and sentenced to 10 years at hard labor 011 chaiges of informing on his comrades in a Korean prisoner of war camp and currying favor with his Red
Chinese captors. _ . ,
His sentence included dishonorable discharge and forfeiture of pay and allowances. .
Both the conviction and the prison sentence are subject to automatic consideration by an Army Review Board, which may act in about a month The unprecedented court - martial of the 23-year-old farm boy from Cracker’s Neck, Va . ended late in the afternoon of its 12th day. Dickenson was tried on charges of collaborating with the Chinese communists and informing the Reds about the escape plans of a buddy, former Pfc. Edward M. Gaither of Philadelphia.
He was'convicted on both counts— the first time a war prisoner had ever been so tried and convicted.
Wife Fights Tears Hollow-eyed and haggard. Dickenson stared gloomily at the maroon-carpeted floor as the verdict was returned after 10M» hours of deliberation by eight high-ranking Army officers. The soldier’s blonde bride of four months, Kate, fought down tears as she chewed nervously at her fingernails.
Dickenson himself said nothing after the verdict was rendered but his attorney. Guy Emery, a retired West Point colonel, said he thought the court’s decision was “A travesty” and that "The deck had been stacked ”
Emery said Dickenson “took it pretty hard.”
Dickenson is one of 23 American prisoners of war who refused repatriation and chose to stay with the Reds after the Korean armistice. But he and one other, Claude Batchelor of Kermit, Tex , later changed their minds and chose to return to this country.
Batchelor, self-styled leader of the group of 23 at one time, now is in custody at Ft. Sam Houston,
Texas A pre-trial investigation was started March 5 to determine whether he. like Dickenson, will have to stand trial by court-mar-tiaj.
The trial of Dickenson had been widely regarded as a test, and his conviction might establish a precedent for bringing collaboration charges against other former prisoners whom the Army has gathered somewhat similar information.
In a related development, the Air Force today cleared 69 officers and airmen of wrongdoing
W. C. SHAW ... pioneer contractor
Vi. (. Shaw Dies af Home
W. C. Shaw’, 94, retired building contractor and pioneer West Texan who came to Abilene 66 years ago, died at h’3 home, 773 Locust St., at 9 p.m. Tuesday.
He was born Sept. 15, 1859, near Si. Louis. He moved here from Burnet County, where he had lived near Bertram. Abileno lacked a few days of being seven years old at the time he arrived.
Mr. Shaw married Rebecca Holland on Dec. 6. 1882. in Fannin County. They had celebrated their 64th wedding anniversary just before she died in December of 1946.
He was a charter member of the Southside Baptist Church.
Mr. Shaw, a carpenter by trade, built some of the first homes in Abilene. He built his home at 773 Locust St. 64 years ago and had lived there since that time.
— . , Survivors are three sons, L. E.
while they were prisoners of war, of strawn> ^ C. of the home, and
and said none of the 83 whose w H 0ne daughter,
cases were considered by a board ^rg ^ w j^he 0f Dimmitt;
of five generals would be required and- ^ gran(jchildren and 25
to face a court-martial. The 14 not1 ^ eran(ichildren.
completely cleared were ordered ^ ^ arrangemenis wUl be to show cause why they should be announced by caughter-North Fu-
See DICKENSON. Page 2-A. Col. 1 neral Home.__
ARRESTED FOR THEFT
See LOANS. Page 2-A, Col. 3
W. H. Clegg were elected commissioners in an eight-man field.
Fox polled 633 votes for mayor.
A. G. Chastain, former commissioner, was second with 509, followed by Harris Veale with 225 and Sumpter Stockton with 186.
Mayor P. M. Faulkner was not a candidate for re-election. .
The candidates and votes for commissioner; with the top four winning election:
C. D. Dofflemeytr, 1106 Rufus J. Thurman. 928.
H. S. Lemmons, 920.
W. II. Clegg. 912.
H. M. Sweeney, 727.
W. M. Mosley, 560.
Fred E. Hughes. 304.
William D. Kelley, 288. _ .___,
The election Tuesday was the I of Cushing. Calvin J”
first under the new city manager j Lipan, Areland Stridden of R form of government voted here in I water, Josephine L. Moore of Rox
Annapolis Dream Ends for Abilenian
FORT WORTH. May 4 ;*u.A downcast youth who says his father is mayor of Abilene sat in Haltom City jail tonight and gave up his dream of an appointment to Annapolis.
He was Frank Gatlin, 19. He told a Star-Telegram reporter his father is C.E. Gatlin, mayor of Abilene.
He said he came to Fort Worth today to do two things: Tyke a physical exam at the Grand Prairie Naval Air Station for entrance to the Naval Academy at Annapolis and to see about some outboard motors.
The motors landed him in jail.
Gatlin said he and two other young men stole the four motors from boat docks at Phantom Lake in Jones County two weeks ago
wanted to trade them for one bigger outboard motor.
The boat people said they were working on the big motor and told the boys to come back today. They returned to Abilene yesterday and Gatlin came back to Fort Worth Tuesday to take the physical, he said, and to see about the motor.
The boat company had noted the serial number on the motors had been filed or knocked off. They called Haltom Police Chief W.D. Roberts.
Roberts sent officers Don Barbee and Robert Moffatt to the boat company to wait for young Gatlin.
Reves will come to Fort Worth
tomorrow to return Gatlin to Jones County.
Gatlin said he attended Hardin-
Weinert Postmaster Nomination Made
j WASHINGTON. May 4 iff R, S. Sanders of Weinert was * among the eight postmaster nomi-I nations for Texas sent to the Sen-, ate by President Eisenhower. Other nominations were Oliver
Gatlin was charged with theft Simmons University until about six over $50 today in Justice Joe Mat- ! weeks ago. He quit school because his’ court in Anson in Jones of the impending naval appoint-County. Similar charges were filed i ment. He said he got the appoint
«■% A« S 1 Vv oevaK» ■ * à»j!% »\r Kl# AA7 d\ 9* m If) I 111
against Charles Bragg. 21. and
John Forbus. 19, both of Abilene Bragg and Forbus were taken in custody tonight in Abilene by Jones County Sheriff Dave Reves Forbus. son of Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Forbus. of Route 4. Abilene, is a senior at Abilene High School.
ment because of his work in the naval reserve. Gatlin said he attended North Texas State College in Denton for “a while.”
Mayor Gatlin was in Washington attending a Civil Aeronautics Board hearing on the proposed merger of Continental and Pioneer Air Lines. He was due to re-
i Kn«nif of Aubrev Charles C. Bragg, who lives at 1258 North neer a
Barton of Bertram. Ellis D. Beck 15th St., works for a construction j turn to Abilene tomorrow or Thurs-
tie Precinct 3—Floyd Tate; Pre- April. The elation had been post-cinct 4 - J. T. McMillon; 1 poned from April 6.
ton and Virgie Lou Smith of Tornillo.
Gatlin »Id h, and two other I Asked ¡f he thoueht the arrest boys brought the four motors to ■ and charges hurt his di earn of a Fort Worth yesterday and took naval career, Gatlin said: them to a boat company. They | “It ends it. It sura doe*.