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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 5, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Since Pearl Harbor Max Seles Abilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT MORNING VOL. LXIII, NO. 323. A TEAS KEWSFAnX ABILENE, TEXAS.FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 5, 1944 -TWENTY PAGES Associated Prnt (API United Preu (Vf.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Black Market Gas Ringlhought Broken Arrest of three men having in their possession vast quali- fies of gasoline ration coupons of all types was believed Thursday to have smashed one of Texas' largest black-mar- Allies Attack Shifts to Holland Russian Bombs Silence Guns At Sevastopol LONDON, May A merciless night attack by fjssian bombers on the Ger- an-Romanian garrison jam- med into surrounded Sevas- topol was announced tonight NAZIS RELY ON ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUNS FOR DEFENSE Soviet communique said bombing and Ifct by a which mrafing silenced many en- emy batteries, started at least 10 large fires and caused many, explosions. Soviet troops have ringed about Crimean port for two weeks have held off from a frontal assault, apparently to conserve man- power. The blows by Soviet planes, all of which were listed as returning to base, might mean that the infantry Jas nearly ready to plunge In for the kill against the thousands of the enemy garrison. No essential changes en the long land fronts were reported by the communique, broadcast from MOS' iw and recorded here, by the Soviet lonltor. H said 41 German tanks were destroyed or disabled yester- day. Red Star, official army news- paper, reported numerous Rus- slan had penetrated deep. Into the foollulls or the Car pathian mountains and begun attacks through the for- 'wts against separate enemy po- nitlons. The exact location was not given, bnt it appartnfor.; was somewhere in the moan-.' tain oos eonier where the borders of CiechiHloTakU, old Found, Hungary RominU'conVtrtr: The German communique said there, if ere Russian attacks on Ss- f on the lower Dnestr river and the Siret river In Romania, as- serting all had been repulsed. The Germans repeatedly have described Soviet movements along the Siret as an "offensive" but the Russians Jiave continued silent. Red Star, in a review of the Red army's nine-month offensive in 1943-44, said today the Soviet vic- tories had "made it easier for our Allies to launch large-scale military operations in the west, which are impatiently awaited by the whole Tra-ld." A supplement to the Soviet com- munique said the enemy made "re- connaissance in force" southeast of Stanislawow and scuth of Tiraspol but all thrusts were tlirora back losses to the Nazis in men and tanlcs. FDR Asks Advance In Relief Funds WASHINGTON. May President Roosevelt asked Congress today for an advance on this nation's pledge to United Nations Relief and Re- kct operating rings. L. A. Crawford, 35, and Debs Crawford, 23, Lubbock brothers, and E. A. Brook- shire, 39, Colorado City, wore arrested here shortly after noon by State Highway Pa- trolmen Paul Oder and A. B. Nail. They had been sought for questioning by peace of- ficers and OPA investigators since the Feb. 16 robbery of the Farwell, Farmer county, ration office. Found In their possession were H. coupons of serial numbers corresponding with those taken from the Parwcll office. The Far- mer county board reported loss of H coupons, T's and l.OCO E's in the burglary more than two months ago. Charges of receiving and con- cealing stolen United States prop- erty were filed against the trio by OPA Investigators James C. Flana- gan and B. P. Millsap in federal district court in mid-afternoon. Hearing has been set for 9 o'clock Friday morning before Deputy Com- missioner Ida M. James and bond of each will be asked. In addition to the unused R cou- pons, good for gallons of gaso- line, paper sacks and envelopes fill- ed with loose stamps which had been endorsed and apparently hand- led considerably were found In the car. Rllmates of the total ranged from 4000 to 6000 coupons, most of them good for five gallons each. A few of the loose stamps were found under floor mats and others were stuffed behind the dashboard, above the glove compartment. In the glove com- partment was a .32 automatic with the loaded clip laying: on the hack floor. Lengthy questioning of the men left state, city and 'off leers facing blank.wall as far as source and Intended disposal, of the cou- pons were'ddncVtried. ffo statements had been made by late afternoon fo WASHINGTON, May fighter plane strength and re- placement ability has been whittled down so far, Secreatry stlmson said today, that the enemy Is now relying chiefly on antl-alrcratt batteries for defense against large formations of American bombers. In a news conference discussion, the war secretary also expressed the opinion that damage alrca-dy done to German transportation facilities is beyond the ability to repair. Such communications are a vital spot in the German defense. The enemy must maintain them Insofar as pos- sible for movement of armies and to combat any Allied invasion. In order fo conserve their remaining pursuit planes, Stimsan said, the Nazis send them mainly against small groups of bombers or crippled or straggling planes. As a result, he said, American bomber formations now return from missions In many instances wllh no losses while doing great- er damage than ever. "The mark of our progress Is (hat the opposition Is less continuous and the damage we Inflict Is he said, but added that the Ger- man air force Is still capable of putting up bitter opposition when Allied planes make very deep penetrations of Germany to strike at vital targets. The total of bombs dropped on Germany and German-held targets by the Army Air Forces in April was a record 43.500 tons, he reported. In a discussion of other fronts, stlmson sold all enemy air fields at Hollandia and Aitape, In New Guinea, can now be put to Allied use. Pockets of Japanese in (he vicinity, driven inland. he said, are being mopped up or Japanese pressure against the southern defense of Imphal In India, still continues and may mean the enemy Intends another major attack there. Enemy opposition to the Chlnese-American-Brlttsh advance in North Burma has stiffened. MILITARY INSTALLATIONS, SUPPLY DEPOTS POUNDED Ry WILLIAM SMITH WHITE LONDON, May 4 American Flying Fortresses delivered a sharp attack on a Nazi airdrome in Holland to- day, highlighting the 20th straight day oi the Allied aerial offensive a day in which bombers striking from Britain and Italy by night and day dropped tons oi explosives on Hitler's Europe. Holdings at Hollandia Extended hina-Based lanes Bomb New Artillery Group Activated Newest combat unit, and the sec- ond largest, at Camp Barkeley is the 418th field artillery group com- manded by Col. Michael Buckley Jr. It is a 23d army corps unit. Activation of the group was as of April 25 and it is made up of several field artillery battalions. Designation of these battalions has not been announced. At present several coast artillery battalions are Included in the group and accord' ng to camp officials, the coast ar- illery units are to be reorganized nto field artillery battalions. West coast army officials, ac- cording to newspapers of that area, recently announced that many of the coast artillery units army are lo be converted into combat battalions. Colonel Buckley. Is a 1923 gradu- ate-of West Point and Is an.over- seas veteran of the While attached to habilitation work of the world. in war-freed The appropriation of it In would be used to set In motion the United Nations Re- lief and Rehabilitation administra- tion before actual relief operations Jiesln. The money was the firct of the huge authorization voted by Congress earlier this year. Beside the cash, the President asked authority lo transfer worth of supplies, services End funds available through lend' support a -theory the- men were selling Uie stamps. One was held 'in the city jail, two in the county jail pending today's hearing. Brookshire promised that If al- lowed to .rest and "get things straight In my mind" he would tell the truth. Later he still refused to talk. Debs Crawford, who was arrest- ed here Sunday by city ofticers and paid a speeding fine, denied knowledge of the stamps. Tight-mouthed L. A. Craw- ford told officers: "I just went through the second grade and I'm not very smart. I don't know what you're talking about." All three claimed to be truck drivers for a Lubbock concern and had recently issued com- mercial drivers' menses. The younger Crawford said he was. under a two-year suspended sentence In Palestine for car theft and Brookshire admitted to having been Indicted in Monahans for re- ceiving concealing stolen pro- perty but said he never had been tried. The car in which they were driv- ing Is registered in Lubbock county In L. A. Crawford's name. OPA In- vestigators had Issued a bulletin on the tag number and Crawford's name shortly after the Farwcll robbery. Oder and Nail made the arrest a half-mile west of town on High- way 8fl. The men made no attempt at a getaway when the patrolmen spied the license number for which they had been on the lookout two months. current war the British Eighth Army in North Africa he was captured by the Germans. De- tails of his escape, however, have not been disclosed. Before cominf to his present commanS Colone Buckley was on duty with army ground forces In Washington. D G. The colonel is a native of Ariz- ona. Executive officer of the new ar- tillery group Is Lt. Col. James J Heriot, also a West Pointer, and a veteran of campaigns In the Pa cific. Colonel Heriot was on Onhi island in Hawaii when the Jap hit Pearl Harbor and since then has seen action In New Zealand in the Solomons, on Guadalcana and in New Camp Barke ley Is his first assignment sine returning from a four-year tour in the Pacific. The new artillery group has number of other overseas veterans of the current wcrld conflict. Mrs. Al Smith Dies NEW YORK, May Alfred E. Smith, 65, who preferred (o remain In the background while husband was In the political the public welfare de- partment reported. The rolls rep- resent a reduction of 756 persons from last month and the average payment Is unchanged. limelight as governor of New York and a presidential candidate In 1924, died unexpectedly today ol virus pneumonia. Checks Mailed AUSTIN, checks to old age assistance reci- pients in Texas are in the mails. Payments average and total 21, HUSBAND, H, FINISH HONEYMOON IN JAIL DENVER, May skim- pily financed honeymoon of a 14- year-old husband and his 21-year- old bride ended In A Denver Jail tonight after the Los Angeles cou- expecting money by wire, was taken into custody upon Inquiring about a telegram at the Brown pal- ace hotel. Declaring "we're In Ells- worth Wlsecarver and Elaine Mon- told detective Capt. James E. (bhilders they were married in Yu- ma, Ariz.. April 29, giving their At Los Angeles child-stealing complaint was filed by Mrs. Mildred Wisecarvcr, mother of the youthful bridegroom, against Mrs. Elaine Monfredl. The young woman said she left two daughters, one two years old. the other six. In Los Angeles. Her mother. M. McEntec told Los Angeles police that last night she received at telegram from Albuquerque. N. M, signed by her daughter, saying: cash Immedt- ages at 21. ately to Denver, Colo." The young woman insisted, Chll-1 Two detectives tooV the newly- ders said, that she was not mar- weds into custody when they inqulr- rled to James Nfonfredi, that she lived with him for two years Hjut that he was married to another woman. ed about the expected but unre- ceived telegraped money. They wlil be held for Los Angeles authorities Captain Childcr: said. ANOTHER DOOR TO PHILIPPINES above shows how American capture ot Hollandia and Allied drive to wipe up Japs in New Guinea kicked open a door to re conquest of the Dutch East Indies and gave Allies anolhe steppingstone fo General JIacArlhur's avowed lure of the Philippines. luscola Soldier Missing in Italy TUSCOLA. May The War de partment has notified Mrs. P. D Wright that her son, Pfc. Earl C Wright, has been missing in actto in Italy since March 31. Only a month ago Mrs. Wrigh had received the Purple Heart met 1 which had been awarded her son Wright, 20, enlisted a year ago, rained at Camp Wolters. Mineral Veils, and then wetit to Camp George Meade, Md., where he stay- d a week and was sent across to Vorth Africa, landing there Dec. 3. 943. He visited his mother, brother and sisters here a few days before ing sent 10 Africa. On January 27 he was wounded n Italy in an infantry company. Mrs. Wright says she received a ctter written by her son about a week before the dale he was re- ported missing in action. Father of the missing son died lay 13. 1936. Mrs. Wright lives icre. being employed In the school ttnch room. The missing boy was born near ater went to school at Tuscola. Except for B year in California he had been here continuously till he joined the army. Cotton Shippers Texas 1943 Cotton Crop Drops Badly Lite lompetition NEW ORLEANS, May 4 The pest-war planning committee of the American Cotton Shippers association reported today that the south would be faced with catas- trophe unless R way were found to make its cotton competitive with foreign .growths for export and with _. synthetic fibers on the domestic [ffl. ,n_ seel damage was lighter than in The report, made at the closing m wcather WM sc-ssion of the associations annual convention, said the committee had made some progress In Its explora- tions and that a study of the sub- ect was being continued. By LEONARD MILL1MAN ssociitfcd Press War Editor American Sixth Army roops made two new land- ngs on Dutch New Guinea lo :onsoliclale and extend their loldings in the Hollandia rea, General MacArlhur an- nounced today. The new landings were made by he same forces that less than two weeks ago jwept 500 miles up the New Guinea coast to seize the Hol- andla sector and Its four airdromes, within bombing range of the Phil- ppines. One force landed at Dcmta, extending American control of the coast 16 miles deeper Into Japanese occupied territory. The other splash- ed ashore on Torare bay, 12 miles from the lo'AU ol. Hollandia and midway betwe'en.-the i original Inviy sion-points. Protecting Ihe waborne In- fantrymen, Allied boriibtra heavily billed the Wafcilc air- drome, nearest Japanese base still In operation. Other heavy bombers smashed at by-passed New Guinea base, and Timor "in the Dutch East Indies, while other air sweeps and mortor torpedo boat patrols ac- counted for one enemy ship, three planes and nine barges. Emphasizing the increasing Am- erican threat to Japanese con- querors In the Philippines, Mitchell bombers from China have sunk an enemy ship In Arr.oy harbor, 450 miles northwest of the Philippines, and central Pacific Liberators have made a heavy land based raid on Truk. Truk. 1700 miles east of the Phil- ippines, wns hit In a quick follow- up o! the devastating carrier raid last weekend. The defending garri- son, still suffered from the shock of that 800-ton bombardment, put up only "moderate" anti-aircraft Hre. Adm. Chester W. Nlmltz an- nounced yesterday. The usual two AUSTIN, May cot-1 Japanese night fighters watched the Americans set off explosions and start tires In ground installations, but did nothing about It. Thi: attack on Amoy was part of in cffenslve by Maj. Gen. Claire j. Chennault's China-based Amcri- American Marauders andj Havoc light bombers and RAF Mitchells struck a wide variety of supply depots and military installations in Nor- thern France by daylight'and American Mustangs conduct- ed an offensive sweep over Brunswick, Germany. All the Fortresses, about 250 In number, returned safely, as did the medium and light bombers. Their fighter escort lost three planes and downed nine Nazis, while the fight- ers over Germany shot down the only German plane sighted. The RAF sent out a fleet of 150 heavy bombers In a series of early- morning moonlight raids on France and Ludsvlgshaven, Germany, los- ing 49, and the Mediterranean air forces staged their fivst night at- tack on Bucharest, unianla. The Budapest radio went the air with, an air raid warn- ing late tonlcht, indicating that the Allied Air Forces based In Italy were returning to the R.ilkans for the second straight night. Alarms of Allied planes also were sounded from the Balkans north- ward lo the Alps and western Ger- many. After tile Budapest radio had fallen silent, the Berlin station an- nounced, "Several enemy bombers arc over the Danube and the Alps area. Nuisance raiders arc ap- proaching western Germany." Then the Frankfurt radio likewise called German Ground Action Gaining Along Adriatic ALLIED HEADQUAR. TERS, Naples, May RAF heavy bombers ham- mered Bucharest last night, striking prime communica- lion targets in the Romanian capital, while aground in Italy the Germans were re- ported making large scale movements on the Adriatic and central sectors. The air blow was the first night assault by the British-American air arm on Bucharest, and left work- shops and freight cars atlre, Allied headquarters said. The Balkan city has been hit repeatedly In the last month by daylight. The Allied command said Germans made considerable move- ments both on the Adriatic sector and the Cassino front yesterday, out, "Enemy raiders are approach- Ing." scope-at the day's raids was light In compari- son with recent mass- assaults, the nature of the targets. was notable. Having directed a long mid hatter- ing campaign against German fac- tories, then against rail transport, the air forces now were centering their blows on German defensive In- stallations and vital front supply dumps the enemy will need instant- ly the moment invasion comes. The opening at Hie western land front was being drawn per- ceptibly closer while (be bulk of (he heavy bomber forces rested .Iron) their prodigious labors in anticipation or new efforts to come. The medium bomber attacks to- day raised such clouds of dust and smoke that accompanying fighters said damage was difficult to assess. The RAF moonlight strikes were directed at a major Germany mili- tary depot at Malily, Prance, an nlrforcc depot at Montdidler, an ammunition dump at Chateaudun, and the chemical center of Lud- vigshafcn, Germany. ton crop last year suffered a 32 percent reduction froin full yield resulting in a harvest of bates of 500 pounds weight. The U. S. Department of Agri- culture in a final review of the 1943 crop reported insects were respon- sible for eight percent of the re- duction, adverse weather condt- and Ovalo and The Weather V1CIX1TV: rarlli Silardar. Warmer and Anil.F-XE ANn rloadjr Fildar and Trlltr FAST TEXAS', r.rllr rteodr r id Saturday. Silurdar In