Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 2, 1944, Abilene, Texas
BOND BOX SCORE
^Since Pearl Harbor $16,796,454.50 May Sales $ 7,350.00
April Sales $ 146,511.00
Abilene Reporter ~Jietos
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES’-Bvron
VOL. LXIII, NO. 321.
A TEXAS 2mU, NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS,TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 2, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES
Associated Press (AP)
United press (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS
f Taylor county and most all of this section of Texas, drenched Monday w i th drouth-breaking rains, was given hope for additional mos-ture this morning in the government weather forecast for cloudy conditions with showers today and Wednesday.
Monday’s precipitation revived parched range and small ^ grain crops and filled many ™ an empty earthen tank throughout Taylor county except for the northwest portion. Precipitation here measured 1.46 inches, bringing the year’s total to 6.02 inches. The rain gave May, visually one of the wettest months mf the year, a good start. Last, May four inches were received, with the normal for the month 3.96 in-1 ches.
Lake Abilene received .96 of an j inch coupled with the 1.1 inches re-! Reived last Friday, putting that j area in fine shape, Doc Seabolt, Lake Abilene keeper, reported. Lake ; catch was small however. At Lake ; Kirby an inch and quarter of rain was received.
* * *
% A downpour filled the city lake at Winters, and Bradshaw's water supply was greatly increased as the lake caught a fresh supply.
Shop, in the southwest corner of Taylor county, and Happy £ Valley received 1.75 inches. They had previously received half an inch Friday and an inch Sunday. South of Happy Valley Monday water was running over the highway, furrows were full and creeks were begining A to rub.
Small grain, farmers reported, Is looking IOO percent better since the showers started and spring oats have a good chance of making. Wheat also will be improved. Frank ^Antilley of Elmdale. extensive gram farmer, said Monday that he believed about half of the wheat in this immediate area would do to harvest and the rest would provide an abundance of grazing.
Stamford rainfall totaled 1.51 inches.
V • * •
Wacoans Flee •Brazos Flood
See Page 3 for More on Texas Weather
WACO. May 2— iJ5)—Residents of t^east Waco along the Brazos river were being evacuated this morning after the river, on an 18-foot rise, reached a depth of 36 feet—one foot short of flood stage.
A loud-speaker truck was ^ cruising the menaced area,
™ warning residents, while city and army trucks picked up families.
Packing houses along the river were removing livestock. Eighteen goats had drowned in one pen.
% On the North Bosque rivpr, Dr W. P. Stewart was reported marooned at his home and a boat was sent to the rescue from the Blackland army airfield here.
Spain Cuts Nazi Exports of Vital Metal to Men Trickle
Japan Loses 17 Ships
U. S., Britain
BERLIN GETS HARDEST DAYLIGHT AIR POUNDING— A four-engincd bomber plane of the American 8th Air Force wings over Berlin on April 29 during greatest daylight air attack on German capital. Targets were the Templehof railway marshalling yards, Anhalter railway station, Nazi air ministry buildings and Templehof airport. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps Radiophoto).
Libs Wallop French Area
LONDON, May 2—(A*)—American Liberators bombed German installations in northern France at midday today carrying the great preinvasion air offensive into its 18th consecutive day after 1,000 or more heavy bombers assaulted enemy targets by night in France, Belgium, Italy and Germany.
Tp to 750 heavy British and Canadian bombers flew from England through a cloudless night against German aircraft, chemical, auto and explosive factories and against the rail targets on which the enemy must depend to meet invasion, the British Air ministry announced. The others rose from Italian bases.
A communique identified the Liberators’ target as the Pas-de-Calais area and said all planes returned.
The Liberators encountered no German fighters and an unusually small amount of flak.
Formations of Allied medium bombers and fighters crossed and recrossed the channel skies in the early afternoon, after the Liberators had returned from their mission. I-
Camp Fannin rainees Killed
The night operations, probably the rust farflung by IV* RAF, came while Allied heavy and medium bombers in the Mediterranean theater shot a four-ply blow at key German held cities in Italy. They also followed attacks by Britain-based daylight raiders, of which 2,000 were American, which chewed up 17 rail junctions through which supplies and men move to Hitler’s Atlantic wall.
The night attacks capped 17 straight days of uninterrupted large scale raids on the Germans’ European fortress from both Britain and Italy.
• * »
The operational record from Britain yesterday was around 4,000 sorties. Ten planes failed to return.
The RAF bombers, lilt an auto) works at Lyon, an airplane repair plant at Tours, an airplane factory j and explosive works at Toulouse and rail installations in Chambly near Paris.
In addition to these French tar-
TYLER, May 2—(fl»i—Two Camp, Fannin trainees were killed and 17 werp injured early today when a Astorm toppled trees on groups of mien engaged in a night training problem in bivouac areas on the reservation.
Pvt. Clayton F. Matlock, of Baldwin Park, Calif., died en route to the station hospital about 1:45 a. rn., 0nd Pvt. James J. Cox Jr.. of Ector, Tex., died at the hospital at 3:35 a. rn. Their next of kin have been notified.
Germans Dent Line on Beach
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples, May 2.——The Germans have thrust forward against Fifth army positions on the Anzio beachhead and made a slight gain three miles southwest of Carroceto, it was announced today.
Enemy shelling also increased in the long-dormant Cassino area of the Fifth army's main front and strong enemy patrols were driven off in that sector, headquarters said.
The enemy attack on the beachhead came while an Allied raiding party was stabbing at (erreto Alto. The results of the latter raid were not immediately available.
An attempt by the German air gets, the night raiders hit two Bel-: force to raid the beachhead Sun-gian rail targets - at Mechelen day night was broken up by anti-
aircraft fire. Twelve of 15 attacking planes were compelled to jettison their bombs. Four of the raiders were shot down and two others probably destroyed, increasing the score of the beachhead gunners to 199 destroyed and 130 probables.
northeast of Brussels, and at St. Ghislain, near Mons. They also struck the German chemical center of Ludwigshafen in the upper Rhineland in what evidently was a diversionary operation.
The 2.000 /".'tierican planes in the Allied armadas yesterday included 1.000 Flying Fortresses and Liberators, lighter bombers, fighters and fighter-bombers.
A U. S. army communique said that three American bombers and three fighters failed to return while five German planes were shot down.
Two attacks were made during the day by the U. S. heavy bombers.
See AIR WAR Pg. 12 Col. 3
MR VETERANS—Capt. Warden L. Johnson, 23-year-old Elmhurst, 111., army flier, and Ls dog. “Lt. Gremlin,” peer rein the cockpit of a Douglas N-20 fighter-boinber. Capt. Johnson and his mascot, who ie says has spent 225 hours in |»e air—75 of them on bomb-fig missions, are at the Army Air Forces redistribution toner at Santa Monica. Calif.. or a rest after service in the south Pacific. (AP Wirephoto).
Mother in Odessa,
But Sister Gives Welcome lo Flier
CHICKASHA, Okla., May 2—<JP> —Major Gilbert O. Halsey, who has 156 completed missions to his credit over enemy territory, came home here to surprise his mother but found her gone.
Not having informed his mother he was arriving, Major Halsey planned to walk into the house and yell “Hi, Mom.’’ But he found his mother, Mrs. J. R. Halsey, was at Odessa, Tex,, visiting another son However, t h e homecoming wasn't a complete failure as the Major's sister, Mrs. Opal Jean Rice, was there to greet him. He had hoped to surprise her but six neighbors saw Major Halsey walking the two blocks to her home and phoned Mrs. Rice.
Major Halsey holds the American Distinguished Flying Cross, the British Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Air Medal and three Oak Leaf Clusters.
The major Is an old man by flying standards, 34. He didn’t want to come home and refused until his commanding officer threaened him with a desk job.
He has a wife at Washington, D
Reich Quarantines Foreign Workers
LONDON, May 2—(UP)—Germany, in an lith hour attempt to prevent any revolt timed to coincide with an Allied invasion, was reported today virtually to have quarantined 3,000,000 foreign workers in the Reich and begun an unparalleled reign of terror in France.
Dispatches from neutral countries said the German government had prohibited foreign workers, mo6t of them already little more than slaves, to travel on railways without special permission, which would be granted “only if the journey were absolutely necessary.”
Actor to Army
HOLLYWOOD, May 2.—(UPI— John Garfield, who recently returned from an entertainment tour in the European war theater, today awaited induction into the Army.
The Warner brothers star passed his pre-induction physical examination yesterday.
Ban al Once
WASHINGTON, May 2.— (AP)—The State department today announced a compromise agreement with Spain cutting Spanish wolfram shipments to the Nazis to virtual token supplies, which, it was implied, may soon be blocked completely by Allied invasion forces in France.
Points agreed to were:
In May and June Spain may export not more than 20 tons of the vital Tungsten ore to Germany monthly.
2.. For the rest of 1944, not more than 40 tons monthly may be sent.
3. Allied - designated Axis agents are to be expelled from Spain, Spanish Morocco and Tangler.
4. The German consulate and other Axis agencies in Tangier are to be closed.
5. Five of seven Italian merchant ships now interned by Spain are to be released immediately; disposition of the two others and of Italian warships in Spanish waters is to be submitted to arbitration.
6. All Spanish forces have already been withdrawn from the Russian front. ,
7. The Anglo-American oil embargo on Spain is to be lifted immediately, with resumption of old quotas of 48,000 tons of bulk oil from the Caribbean monthly for metropolitan Spain. 13,000 for the colonies, and 15,000 tons of packaged petroleum products from the United States.
The official announcement, made jointly with a statement by British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden in the house of commons, indicated that Germany is unlikely to receive more than allotted Wolfram supplies for two or three months before Allied military operations
dam up shipments completely.
* 0 *
The state department said that the settled quota equals roughly IO percent of what the Germans would have obtained this year under their agreement with Spain and about 1-4 of the Wolfram the Germans already hold.
At highest speed production, it was estimated. It takes at least four months to transform the raw ore Into armor* piercing shells and tough metals.
The aim of the Anglo-American negotiations with Spain, as with other European neutrals, was to block as completely as possible Germany’s supply of strategic metals needed for Nazi invasion defenses.
fill® , X, V— - ' ..
RUSHING TO THE ATTACK—Landing craft speod toward the beach at Tanahmerah Bay —25 miles northwest of Hollandia in Dutch New Guinea—during the invasion of U. S. troops, under General MacArthur. Simultaneous strikes were made at Aitape and Hollandia. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps).
Serbs’ Mission Revives Talk of
ndustrial Survey of
Balkan Invasion Trade Area Started
Relative of Local Woman Is Killed
Mrs. Ernest Faucett of Los An- j geeks, Calif., was killed in an ao-cident in Mexico, D. F,, tho Ameri- j can consul to Mexico notified her Los Angeles relatives late Saturday. No details of the accident were given in the message sent from the consul to Mrs. Faucett’s business manager and cousin of her late hus- j band, William Ralston of Hollywood.
Mrs. Faucett’s only sister, Mrs Ross Ferrier of Merkel, and her son. Ross Ferrier Jr., of Brownsville, flew Sunday morning to Mexico to accompany the body to Los Angeles for burial. Her husband, who was Los Angeles banker, and their only son, are buried there.
Mrs Faucett is survived by Mr Ferrier and three brothers, Bill. Frank and James O’Brien, all of Los Angeles.
She was a sister-in-law of Mrs, R. L. Faucett of Abilene.
Mrs. Faucett, who had lived for many years at 440 Shatto Place, Los Angeles, moved a few months ago to , Mexico and had planned to remain there until at least next fall.
LONDON, May 2—(XP)—Arrival in London of a military mission from headquarters of Marshal Josip Broz <Tito>, Yugoslav Partisan leader, renewed speculation today concerning the possibility of an Allied invasion of the Balkans.
The mission, consisting of a Croat and a Slovene, arrived yesterday.
The Free Yugoslav radio, meanwhile, declared that Major Randolph Churchill, who parachuted into Yugoslavia recently, has been touring liberated coastal territory there, establishing contacts with Partisan leaders and strengthening their colaboration with the Allies.
The broadcast said the presence of the British prime minister’s son was “a sign of attention and recognition accorded as by our Allies and proof of the cordial colaboration between the people of the liberation movement and our great Allies.”
Sharp fighting was reported continuing on the scattered Yugoslav fronts, if here Tito’s headquarters said yesterday the Germans had launched a series of determined offensives.
A Berlin broadcast asserted that 11,222 Partisans had been killed in April and that additional thousands were wounded or captured.
Brest Litovsk Hit By Soviet Airmen
MOSCOW, May 2.—< UP (—Red Air force bombers hit Brest Litovsk, live-war junction on the invasion route to Warsaw, 115 miles farther west, Sunday night in the latest of a series of laids softening up the central front for an anticipated Soviet offensive, a communique announced last night.
Seventeen fires, four of them particularly large, were started at the strategic junction and a number of military trains loaded with troops, ammunition and other war supplies wrecked The raid was the fourth in as many nights and the 10th in 13 nights by Soviet bombers.
Award to Texan
WASHINGTON, May 2—(A*)—The War department has announced the award of the Sliver Star to 1st Lieut. Walter D. Stevens, Jr., of Denison, Tex.
U. S. Asks Action On World Program
PHILADELPHIA. May 2.-(AV-
The United States delegation to the International Labor conference asked the 40 member nations today to “subscribe at the earliest passible date,” rather than at the postwar peace conference, to a program aimed at insuring world freedom from want.
An industrial and economic survey of the city of Abilene, and its retail and wholesale trade territory, which is being made under contract for the Abilene chamber of commerce was begun here today by Burt C. Blanton, consulting industrial engineer and business economist of Dallas, Jack Simmons, manager, announced.
Local GOP Chief Calls Meetings
Republicans of Taylor county will hold precinct conventions Saturday ; afternoon in all precincts where ; organization exists A. John, county i Republican chairman announced in a call Issued Tuesday.
Precinct chairmen are Clifton | Woody, No. 2, Abilene. B. P Cook No. 4, Abilene; Herschel C. School-ey, No. 5, Abilene; C. A. Wilson No. IO, Abilene; Albe Maxwell, No. ’ 13 Buffalo Gap; C. W. Edwards, No 21, Trent. Schooley Is now on duty in Florida as a Navy leiutenant.
Delegates and alternates will be elected at the precinct conventions to the county conventions to be held at the county court house next Tuesday at 2 p. rn,
“The public Is invited to attend these conventions, said John “Particularly do we request that all Republicans of the county be present. We will have impromptu speaking out of which will emanate the party’s opinion regarding the fourth term and other matters affecting the party.”
At the county convention three delegates and as many alternates will be elected to go to the state convention in Houston May 24. There 33 delegates and as many alternates will be named to represent Texas at the Republican National convention in Chicago.
Pecos Oil Test Is At Record Depth
MIDLAND, May 2. — (A*— The Phillips Petroleum company offices here report that Phillips Petroleum No. I Ada C. Price, exploratory test in Pecos county, is bottomed at 15,-270 feet, 266 feet below the world's previous depth record.
The company did not comment on reports that it may run casing ! and test the hole for production. No Information has been given out regarding formations in the well. which has been shut down for ten days, reportedly for repairs
Blanton was retained by the industrial rommittee at a meeting held in Abilene early in April. The survey project will be completed In approximately sevrn months, or about Dec. I. .TIM survey report, which will be designed as a basis for po&t-war industrial developments and a prospectus for Abilene to be utilized in plans of the chamber of commerce for greater commercial aud industrial development. Blanton's report will constitute a volume of approximately 350-400 pages, divided into 30 sections and several IOO sub-divisions, and will include a minimum of 60-75 charts and graphical com-
Regular monthly directors’ meeting of the Abilene ( lumber of Commerce has been moved up a week to Thursday, May 4, Jack Simmons, manager, said this morning. Tile change was made so that Burt C. Blanton, industrial engineer conducting the economic survey, could he present. The session will he at ll a. rn. in The Reporter-News conference room.
putatlons, and maps illustrative of the moat essential phases of the project.
• • 0
The survey will portray all basic business trends of Abilene over a period of the last 25 years, and the report will provide a composite index representing the cycles in commerce and industry over that period of time, Simmons said. Blanton's survey will present a detailed analysis of the city’s facilities, resources and possibilities and indicate a course for the development of business and industry In Abilene, and the city’s retail and wholesale trade territory for the oncoming decade 1945-1955. It will deal particularly with the agricul-
See SI It VLY. Pg. Ii, Col. 6
Compton Cattle Theft Trial Set
Bob Compton, Shackelford county, will face trial on cattle theft charges fourth time May 22 when his case is called in 104th district court at Anson, according to District Attorney Esco Walters.
Hung juries have resulted In previous trials in Throckmorton, Shackelford and Jones counties. The case is five years old.
REPORTER-NEWS READERS TO GET GALLUP POLL RESULTS SUNDAY
Beginning next Sunday The Abilene Reporter-News will expand its coverage of national news by offering the readers the complete news reports of the American Institute of Public Opinion, known from coast to coast as the Gallup Poll.
In the Reporter-News results will appeal each Sunday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday.
In lls election to membership in the Institute, the Abilene Reporter-News will take its place with more than IOO leading American Newspapers which have combined to make possible one of the most important developments to journalism
In recent years.
Newspapers have long ago achieved a thorough and systematic method of reporting what men and nations do— and now the scientific surveys of the American Institute of Public Opinion make is possible for some of them to report what the men and women of this nat.on think. DR. GALLUP
headlines issues of the day, and on the everyday questions of American life.
Throughout the Presidential campaign, for instance, the Institute reported successive state-by-state tests of Roosevelt-Willkie sentiment, measured the reactions of U. S. voters to the Issues of the campaign, and correctly forecast the election with an average state-by-state error of 2 1-2 percent.
Moreover, the modern sampling technique recently demonstrated us ability to measure public opinion
on politics and economics, on the J on issues of the day as well as on
candidates in an election.
The American Institute of Public Opinion won nation-wide attention during the 1936 Presidential campaign when It forecast the landslide reelection of Franklin D Roosevelt. The Institute reported that only three states—Maine, Vermont and New Hampshire—could be considered “safe” for Governor Landen.
I'nlike Hie familiar “straw vote,” the American Institute of Public Opinion conducts its nation-wide surveys by means of
r Al I ill) lim I Per ll Int 1
r.H. HI P,AR I MI NT OI < OMMI RCI.
WI: ATH IR IU HI Vt
ABILENE and Vicinity Mostly cloudy with Slower* and thunderstorm* today Wednesday cloudy with thunderstorm* Little change in temperature
KAST TEXAS Mostly cloudy. »how ers and scattered thunderstorms except I in extreme south this afternoon and tonight Wednesday considerable rloud-I mess with showers in the northeast por tlon and near upper coast Not much change in tempeiature
WEST TEXAS — Partly cloudy this aft arnotta, tonight and Wednesday Nett quite so warm in El Paso area tonight and W'ednesdav and in Panhandle and South Plains Wednesday.
Maximum temperature yesterday 74 minimum this morning 58
Precipitation, past 24 houri. I 58 Inch II M PE BATI RIS Tue-Mon Mon Sun A M Hour P M
fit 65-Hti -
Sunrise this morning Sunset tonight . ..
6 Si .8 20
Bv the Associated Press
Seventeen more Japanese ships, including a light cruiser and three destroyers, have been sunk in enemy-controlled waters by American and British submarines, the Allied navies announced today.
American submarines, with a wartime bag of 544 Nipponese ships definitely sunk and 150 others hit. sank a light cruiser, two destroyers, a large naval auxiliary, a large tanker and seven freighters in their latest forays.
The British admiralty announced the sinking of a Japanese destroyer and four other vessels in attacks on Tokyo’s Asiatic supply lines. Three other craft were reported damaged.
The sinkings wrought to 695 the number of Japanese vessels of all types sunk, probably sunk or damaged by the submersibles.
That total includes 544 sent to the bottom.
A breakdown of the sinkings and damage shows that of the total 69 of the Japanese vessels have been war ships.
They Include 45 sunk, IO probably sunk and 14 damaged.
• * •
The light cruiser destroyed in an unidentified area was the fourth of that classification sunk by Amerce nu submarines. The nubnaerslbles also have listed in their taatt.e efforts five Japanese cruisers probably sunk and six damaged.
The two destrovers brought to 25 the number of Japanese warcraft of thai type sent to the bottom by
0 0 0
Two medium-sized supply ship* and a small escort vessel were damaged by the British submarines, the Admiralty communique added.
'I he submarine attacks, following closely the naval task force raid April 19 on Sating, off the northern tip of Sumatra, indicated the increasing attention being given the Singa-pore-Burnia supply route bv Admiral Lord Louis Mountbat-tcn’s Southeast Asta command as a prelude to further ground offensive operations.
One submarine torpedoed and sank a destroyer and damaged the medium-sized supply ship it was escorting south of the Andaman island . the Admiralty said. Another medium-sized supply .vessel w as sunk in the same area W'hile tra\ cling under strong escort.
In the Malacca strait*, between Sumatra and the Malay peninsula, another British submarine sank three supply ships traveling in convoy and damaged an escort vessel and a cargo ship.
The Admiralty said a third submarine “successfully bombarded military targets at Port Blair and Roes Island in the Andamans, which lie in the Bay of Bengal
.southwest of Burma.
• * •
Nippons Report Attack on Truk
By United Press
A Japanese communique reported today that an American naval task force made a two-day raid on the big Pacific base of Truk in the Carolines and also bomb rded the No-tnoi islands, 150 miles to the southeast, presumably hitting the Japanese airbase on Satawan Island.
The imperial headquarters communique claimed that intercepting Japanese planes and “ground forces” damaged an aircraft carrier and shot down more than 30 planes. It added that “some damage” was done to shore installations on the two atolls.
The Truk attack Sunday and Monday apparently was carried out entirely by carrier-bared planes, since no mention was made of any naval bombardment as in ♦ e case of the Nomoi group, which also was hit Monday.
Satawan, largest island of the Nomoi group, was attacked for the seventh tune by outhwestem Pacific bombers April 25 when 22 tons
LOS ANGEl.ES. May 2—(^-Pursued by motorcycle policemen, two robber) suspects leaped from a stolen taxicab and fled afoot across a vacant lot and through a back ri.vor—of a precinct police station.
•They sure ran the wrong way!** panted Officer Joe Brickner.