Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 1, 1938, Abilene, Texas
®fje Sbtlene Reporter-Bettie■'WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES,’’-Byron
VOL. LVII, NO. 343.
Associated Pre** (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, MAY I, 1938THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS.
Citied Pre** (IP)
PRICE 5 CENTS
Troops Mass For Russia's May Day Fete
Soviet Arranges Show Of Power, Flays Neighbors
MOSCOW, A or ii 30—(A3)—A May day manifesto issued by the Communist international today called upon socialist and trade union internationals .‘‘to form a united workers’ front against Japanese, German and Italian aggression.”
The appeal was published as thousands of troops and hundreds of war weapons were massed in Moscow for Soviet Russia's military display in Red square tomorrow' in celebration of May day. SHOW OF POWER
“The May day review of revolutionary forces of the international proletariat has unusual and militant significance this year,’* the manifesto said. “Never since the World war has there been such a sharp international situation as at present.”
That tomorrow’s demonstration would be a show of national might rather than a display of proletar-iansim was emphasized in newspapers, which referred to the parade as a “review of our mobilized readiness ”
May day preparations confirmed rumors of a further purge in the Red army, when the names of three high officers were omitted from orders in connection with the parade.
The officers were Marshal A. I. Yegoroff. vice commissar of defense; Commander I. P. Beloff, stationed at Minsk rn Soviet White Russia; and Gen. P. E. Dybenko, commander of the strategically important Leningrad military district. Rumors of their removal had circulated since February without confirmation.
All three of the officers were members of a court martial which sentenced eight generals to death last June.
* # *
FRANCE, ENGLAND AGREE-
Next Move Up To Hitler
Europe Focuses Eyes On Rome
speech HALTED I STABBING YOUNG JAILER-
f. ■ . mH
As the "Nazi menace” grows, these neatly camouflaged armored cars participated in de
fense maneuvers near Prague, Czechoslovakia.
NAZIS FEAST EYES ON VAST CZECH INDUSTRIAL REGIONS
Political Penetration Seen As Hitler's Best Bet To Bring Nation Into Fold
What, really, does Germany want in Czechoslovakia? Protection for Germans living within Czechoslovakian borders—or another, immensely more practical, economic advantage? . . . The following article throws new light on this delicate mid-European political situation.
By JOHN' T. FLYNN
Slowly the shape of Hitler's next act in Czechoslovakia becomes in*Vian countries in an effort to get clearer. But the real reason why Hitler wants Czechoslovakia is gen-
raw materials and manpower “for erallv H«or*d. What is he driving at?
a great war ’ against Souet Rursla News columns talk of deep racial yearnings—the hunger of the Ger-Great Brftain also was denounc man Fatherlan<1 *or her three million sons in Czechoslovakia. But there
ed and accused of Vailing to share ls a «ood depl more thi,s than Sf*
China with Japan and “Glandes- Tn WMf,‘rB nestlin,
The May day manifesto said “one fourth of humanity" was at war and that Germany was threatening Czechoslovakia. France. Lithuania,, Belgium, Switzerland, the Nether-j lands, the Balkans and the Scand-
tinely direr’mg” German fascism “eastward against the country of the soviet.”
The manifesto said the responsibility of the United States, Britain and France in the various conflicts lay in their tolerance of facist aggression.
“War is not to be avoided by permitting investigators to rob and kill other people,” it continued. “Wars are averted by a firm policy of timely curbing of the fascist robbers.”
EVENTS TO COME” IN WEST TEXAS
WINTERS -Sponsored by the Winters schools, a program will be presented Monday afternoon at 6 o'clock at the high school building In observance of May day and National Music week Mary Maddox will be crowned May Queen and Sedric Poe king of the affair.
SWEETWATER Annual meeting
of the Childrens County Council for Nolan county will be held May , 5 at 7:30 o'clock at the Newman high school auditorium.
ROTAN-The Rotan muncipal swimming pool will open Monday, May 2. with a bathing beauty review and musical entertainment. Business houses will sponsor girls in the beauty contest.
Work will start Monday according to city engineers on completion of paving of main street.
ANSON \nother "trades day” will be held Monday. May 2. with people of the large territory sur-
In western Czechoslovakia, nestling against Germany, is Bohemia.
---—— I Ruthenia. In the center is Slovakia.
It is. first of all. that small piece of Czechoslovakia called Bohemia that is important.
• In Bohemia are those 3,500,000 Germans who make the desperate racial issue. But more important than Germans is somthing else. In Bohemia there are the great Skoda munitions plant. These plants are now largely dominated by the Schneider-Creusot concern, French munition magnates.. They supply the munitions of Czechoslovakia, Rumania. Yugoslavia and Poland.
But besides this there are important pig iron and steel, textiles and j many highly developed industrial production plants, lignite, coal and
Federal Court Opens Monday
Quick Disposal Foreseen For Criminal Docket-
Spring term of federal district court will open here Monday at IO a. rn. with Judge T. Whitfield Day- chemicals, idson on the bench. NEED FACTORIES
After calling of the docket and lf Adolph Hitler can add this setting of civil matters, the court "ich Middlc-European Pittsburgh to
his assets he will have greatly enriched Germany's economic re-
Fuehrer's Visit With Mussolini Closely Watched
Bv the Associated Press LONDON, April 30—It is Adolf Hitler's move in the European game which may involve war or another change in the map.
Little Czechoslovakia, the republic bora in the World war, is the danger spot.
HITLER, DUCE WATCHED
There, with May day to be celebrated tomorrow, the government banned political demonstrations in an effort to prevent possible racial and party clashes at a time when Konrad Henlein, leader of the country’s minority of 3,500,000 Germans, Is demanding a change in the nation's foreign policy and ! autonomy for his followers.
I But the prime action next week is focused not in Praha but in Rome. Benito Mussolini there holds the balance of power, with one hand clasping Hitler's in -the Rome-Ber-lin line-up and the other clasping British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's under the Anglo-Italian acord.
Hitler is going to Rome Tuesday to renew, and some, think, to strengthen, the German-Italian working agreement which may become an answer to the highly dramatized renewal of the longstanding Anglo-French accord to work together lf Germany should become a menace.
I Another point concerns what Hitler may be willing to do about Czechoslovakia.
THREE MAIN STEPS France and Great Britain, who : yesterday concluded a two-day conference, have mapped three-degree I steps in an effort a achieve a peacemud solution of the Czecho-ilovak minority problem;
I These are:
Political—Approaches to Berlin and Praha to seek modification of German demands on Czechoslovakia and Czechoslovak acceptance of as many as possible, consistent aith national honor and Independence.
Economic — Preferential trade agreements with Czechoslovakia, if diplomacy should fall, to free that nation of economic dependence on Germany.
Military—The two democracies have let Europe know they are putting more faith in the power of their rearmament through coordination of their land, air and naval forces Beyond the steps to preserve peace in Czechoslovakia lies the greater objective of European appeasement.
The measure of success in the undertaking concerning Czechoslovakia may determine whether the two western powers will make a fresh start in the search for a general German settlement.
Conversations between tile general staffs of Britain and France, started m March, 1P36, after Hitler remilitarized the Rhineland, were scheduled to be resumed next month.
will plunge into criminal cases. The light criminal docket probably will be disposed of by Wednesday.
Only one rase licLs bcfn added since announcement of the crimin-
But he will have done far
In his book Mein Kampf. ” Hi'ler
said: “We shall stop our eternal
.i I.,4 _____ , driving toward the South and West
al docket last week. Transferred >nd tJrn our
_____ IU eyes to land in the
from For? Worth was the ease of East. When we speak today of more the United States vs. Ross A. Brady, i territory in Europe we can only charged with receiving stolen goods, think in the first instance of Rus-from interstate shipment. sit and the border states under
Deputy Clerk Ida M Jamr, was Rushan suzerainty ”
notified bv Judge Davidson of the Hitler was of count speaking of
setting of several civil suits Dock-.the Ukraine-for that is the part eted for Thursday was a bankrupt- of Russia he wants. Its rich grain cy hearing in the matter of Clyde fields are precious to Germany. The Eldon Young, et a1, debtors, peti- border states ere chiefly par's of Hon for review on findings of the Lithuania, parts of Poland, Czecho-conciliation commissioner, to be fol- slo\akia and her Balkan allies And lowed by a suit in equity. Security Czechoslovakia is a magnificent Benefit Association vs. City of Cisco pathway across Europe to within Two cases in law, o. B. Dunlap 100 miles of the Ukraine. va. Earnest E. Haney, and Clar- POWERFUL ALLIES riKc Lane vs. Earnest E. Haney Does this mean that the German
were se. for Tuesday. May IO. These iPgions
will soon march Into Czeeho-
rounding invited to come to Anson sults probably will take three days Slovakia?
An a’tack upon Czecho-be a very different
for trial to be followed by another Slovakia will case in law. w. P. Bodine vs. Floyd'
H. dastard. See NAZIS FEAST, P*. 3. ( ol
IN FIFTH ROLE AS HOST—
Hardin-Simmons Universily Goes On Parade Before 2,500 West Texas High School Seniors
for a day s program that will include boxing, amateur contest, jig and buck and swing dance contest and a photograph contest of the best scenes in Jones county.
MERKEL Tickets will go on sale Monday for the second free summer rodeo to begin May 7. This is the fifth year of free summer entertainment for Merkel citizens.
BIG SPRING—Eighth annual boy scout roundup to be held here May
? to attract close Hardin-Simmons university con- Helen Margaret Robbins followed
!hi SC?U 5 m 15 countifs in oluded Its fifth annual high school after which FTank Selfridge presi-tnis district. .Senior day program yesterday af- dent of the student body, gave .lie
ternoon, and said goodbye to a1- welcome address, most 2,o00 high school students and Music from a mal*. a*.™
and afternoon. ‘ mornmg J- Dickson-continued the pro-
R*nr«onimff o-> i «. . Pram, then various high school delc-
Representing 93 towns in West gallons were int coring
large coppeihead snake late Friday, Texas, the seniors came with their« climax of “ m'voim? activities the three-year-old daughter of Mr. J*™*^ and friends for a complete came with aCarack Reviewunde? and Mrs. Henry Jones of the Belle da-V ot «|tertainment, beginning direction of Wynona H iwthorne Plain community was showing im- • Cowboy Jamboree broadcast when scho j bfau(ic, werp pre<*nt-
provement last night, attendants of ^Mowing, the visitors were directed Jd net urns uric present
the Griggs hospital here said. L*°?C* I A barbecue luncheon was served
The child was considered in a introduced the Cowboy band”n’nv*1'1 Rt 110011 at the b*rb<cue Pits Past °t critical condition Friday night and , "g unde? SccUon of Mario? B 1 I*™ Frtnc? haI1' *nd ln th<* af‘ Saturday but took a turn for the McClure lurcuon OI Matt°n B-1 ternoon, students took advantage of
fcWHr lazulis aftfjRocn. . j A drill by the Cowgirls, led by See SENIOR DAY, Pg. 9, Col. 5
Child Bitten By Snake Improved
BAIRD, April 30 — Bitten bv a
Baby Edition Due Next Week
Entries Reach 318 With Three Days Remaining
One week from today, the Abilene Reporter-News will present the “cutest kids” of Abilene and this area.
Their photographs will be the fea-1 turc of a special Baby edition.1 planned as the climax to childhood week.
more TWINS ARRIVE
Yesterday, the entries in the contest had reached 318. with three days yet remaining—Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday.
Three sets of twins joining the parade Saturday brought the contestants in the special division for twins to seven pairs. Twins en-teied y eat dday were Donald Rave and Dorothy Pave Brown, 426 Miller born last Armistice day ; Joe Ann and Joe Everett Hornbeck. Lawn, born July 22. 1934. and Carolyn and Marolyn Teaff, Merkel, bom May 4 1935.
Other divisions are for infants one year and under; for children over one and under three years and for children over three and under six.
All the entries are being made at the studio, with payment of a SI entry fee, which entitles each child to a portrait sitting, a photograph
See CUTEST KIDS, Pg. 9, Col. 4
Former Envoy Dies
MONTE CARLO. April 30-(UP)
- Edward Tuck, whom Abraham Lincoln sent to Parts 76 year? ago as vice consul, died today. He was 95. Dean of the American colony in France, one of the greatest of for* eign benefactors of FTance, he had t>een accorded more honors by the French people than any American who ever lived.
# * *
Thomas Claims Police Kidnaped
Stopped In May Day Eve Speech
JERSEY CITY, N. J., April 30.— (/Pi — Norman Thomas, national chairman of the Socialist party, returned to Journal Square tonight from where he was seized earlier by police as he attempted to make a speech, and charged he was "kidnaped by officials.”
“I was not arrested but kidnaped by officials, some in uniform and some not,” Thomas said in a statement. “I was forcibly put on a ferry boat for New York, as were others not even guilty of the offense of coming to Jersey City to make a speech. I have every intention of taking whatever legal ac-( tinn is possible against Mayor Fpank Hag"Ue and his grand fascist administration.”
Q LARDED BY POLICE A crowd of 303 milled about a local newspaper office where Thomas made his statement and shouted loudly “We want Thomas. We want Thomas.”
Thomas left the building with his wife and his brother, Dr Evenn Thomas, and police escorted them to a Hudson tube station. Police guarded all entrances to the station until the Thomas group had boarded a train.
Thomas charged “an officer hit my wife in the jaw while I was being removed from my automobile.” Thomas, who was removed from his automobile as he attempted to address a May day eve meeting, said his only reason for returning was "to find out what happened to my wife and other American citizens in Hitler-Hague fiefdom ’
His wife and brother had visited he* iart era earlier to inquire of Police Chief Harry J. Walsh as to his whereabout*!.
Bradbury Dis't Head For Library Group
Bryan Bradbury, state representative, has been appointed district chairman in the peoples library movement.
The organization, statewide in scope, was formed in January, with the purpose of promoting free circulating libraries and more extensive library service, particularly in 'he rural areas.
Mrs. J. B. Day of Rotan is vice-chairman for this district. Bradbury has announced he will appoint chairmen this week for the following 12 counties, which compose his district: Eastland. Callahan, Jones, Stephens, Haskell, Mitchell, Nolan. Fisher, Scurry Shackelford, Taylor and Throckmorton.
Police last night were searching for a 1938 Chevrolet town sedan, grey color, stolen on North Fourth between Pine and Cypress, about 9 30 p. rn. The car had a 1938 Texas license No. A86-704 and a 1937 New Mexico license, number unknown. Owner of the car is G. P. Carson.
Three Escape Jail
Congress Shies Fran Squabbles, Looking To End
Lending-Spending, And Tax Revision Principal Aims
WASHINGTON. April 30—OPS— Congress’ aversion to doing much about anti-trust or other controversial matters at this session became manifest increasingly today and administration leaders concentrated on whipping President Roosevelt’s lending-spending program into shape for an early vote.
Informed legislators said primary concern of most members was to complete action still pending phases of the $4,512,000,000 lending-spending program, clean up the tax revision bill and a few other measures and get back home to their political fence-mending.
MONOPOLY PROBE BAN
Talk of adjournment between May 15 and June 15 raised an obstacle I to action this year on the abolition I of bank holding companies, a field I in which the president asked p-ompt legislation in his monopoly , message yesterday.
But legislators generally agreed there was a good chance of funds I being voted, as Roosevelt requested an investigation of the “concentration of economic control.
Many members expressed belief the adjournment urge precluded any chance of forcing a vote this session of the beleaguered *»**-hour bill, for which the house rules committee refused legislative right-of-way yesterday.
HEARINGS END MONDAY
Meanwhile, a house appropriations subcommittee agreed tentatively to end hearings Monday on the president’s public works and relief bill and have it ready for house consideration the following Monday.
Mayor Florello LaGuardia of New York and the leaders of organized labor s two major factions—John L. Lewis of the C I. O. and William Green of the American Federation of Labor—are scheduled to be the principal witnesses at final hearings.
RopresrntatU-e Woodrum <D-Vari an influential member of the subcommittee, disclosed the group was considering a propass I to put an end to “blank check’’ appropriations by supplying the funds direct to the agencies charged with their expenditure instead of to the president.
Day's Grace Given On Cow Permits
Due to the number of application* filed yesterday for license to keep cows within the city limits, owners J of cows will have one more chance, Lila Fern Martin, city secretary said I last night.
Owners may file applications and obtain permits Monday at the city I secretary's office. Miss Martin said last night however that this would be the last chance before legal ac-, tion would be taken against owners J without permits.
1 Up to noon yesterday 206 permits had been approved and 43 additional applications had been filed. Last night Miss Martin es-: titivated that about IOO applications were filed through the day. About 35 petitions went unapproved yesterday because sani'ary department workers were unable to find time to inspect the pens.
VSH OF ami %: Partly rlnua>
WF ST TF \Ss: Partly rlnmly today sod Vt on cl a \ ; rooter Id north portion Mood**.
PASI TFX Vs. Partly rlondy todny and Monday; nraltrrod thandrrahowrr* In nor.a portion Monday.
OK I. AHUM St l'arll> cloudy I aday, fat-loard h> Mattered thander»hit»er* ln-night or Monda*. < oater Monday.
MW MEXICO: Partly rloody tadaj
and Monday; warmer Monday.
Range of temperature jut rdaj
. aa an
. 19 I*
ll Soon Midnight ll
It 11 he et and lowed tempera ta re to I p. rn. yeoterday, Ma-MS; name date a year
Snag it yesterday. TIM; aaartae today, • IMI Minuet to. IHS.
Mrs. Grace Noll Crowell of Dallas, was selected the “American Mother of 1938” by the Mother s day committee of the Golden Rule foundation in New York, and signal honors will be paid her on Mother's Day.
Abilene Bands Add To Laurels
Get Top Division Ratings In Region Tests At Angelo
Abilene’s high school and elemen-I tary bandster added to their already bulging trophy case when they won more laurels at the West Texas regional band contests at San Angelo Thursday, Friday and Saturday than musicians from any other school competing. Competition in the Concho city was preliminary to national regional play for which Abilene high school will be host from May 19 to 21.
Each of Abilene’s three band groups—the elementary hono. btnd, high school orchestra and the high school Eagle band—won first division rating, highest offered in the contests. The Eagle bandmen not only won first division in playing, but in marching as well.
It was the second major victory within the week for the Eagle band. At the annual West Texas chamber of commerce convention in Wichita Falls earlier in the week, it was selected best band attending and was chosen as official WTCC band for the coming year.
In solo contests. Abilene entrants won the following;
Baretta Morrow, violin, first division; Imagene Page, violin, first division: Dorothy Aman, violin, first division; Jerry Stephens, cornet, first division; S. R. Friedsam, first division: Guy Kemper, saxophone and drum majoring, first division in each, and Bill Sanders, first division in drum majoring. The Abilene high school string quartet, composed of Baretta Morrow. Betty McIntosh. Dorothy Aman and Jack Dressen, also won first division.
Each of the solo winners will be awarded medals, while the three bands will receive as many handsome trophies.
R. T. Bynum, band and orchestra director, last night expressed his appreciation to West Texas Utilities company which furnished a truck for transporting of heavy band equipment to San Angelo.
Lubbock, Ballinger, Cisco Also Victors
SAN ANGELO, April 30—<J? -Last years class A band winners in the western division, Abilene and Lubbock, returned this week-end to regain their laurels in the 10th annual band and orchestra contests here. Thursday through today.
Class B top honors wire awarded to Wink. Clscq, Monahans and Slaton. Pecos and Crane were high in class C. Ballinger, Grandfalls, and Stephenville were placed In class Ds top division, and Abilene and Lubbock in A s top flight.
Seizing Arms, Montague Trio Flees On Foot
One Desperado Is Brother Of
MONTAGUE, April 30 — (AP) — Three men, one a* brother of the notorious Raymond Hamilton, made a successful break from the Montague county jail here tonight after stabbing the jailer.
Officers throughout the North, Texas area were notified and warned that the men were armed.
The three were Floyd Hamilton, brother of Raymond, and Huron Walters and Erwin Goodspeed.
Kenneth Chandler, son of the sheriff. Mrs. H. T. Chandler, was j cut with a knife by one of the men. He waa not seriously hurt. I After overpowering the Jailer, ! the three armed themselves with an automatic shotgun and a revolver taken from the jail arsenal.
Hamilton and Walters were being held In connection with the re-j cent looting of a Ringgold drug store. At the time .nearly the entire stock of the store was taken.
Goodspeed had been convicted of horse theft in Wichita county.
Kenneth Chandler, pl, had gone up to the jail about 8 o'clock. The prisoners asked him to get them some cheese and coffee and he agreed to do so. On his return, one of the men stabbed Chandler in the leg and the three overpowered him.
Taking the young jailer downstairs, the trio offered to dress his wound. Hm refused and the prisoner* took his keys and opened, the jail arsenal.
They apparently left Montague on foot.
Police Here Watch For Jailbreaker
A radio call for all officers and all cars to be on the lookout for the Jawbreakers from Montague county was put out last night by Abilene police headquarters.
Officers here received word of I the break by radio from Wichita Falls police. The dispatch said the men made their escape in a Plymouth coupe license 333-245. It warned that they were “very dangerous and armed with an automatic shotgun and two automatic pistols.”
Texans In Congress Eye Home Politics
No West Texas Fights Brewing
WASHINGTON. April 30.—
With ears attuned to political rumblings in their state, Texas congressmen here speculate theta days on the strength of opposition that is or may be brewing against them in their respective districts.
Generally speaking. West Texans are cautiously congratulating themselves they have apparently no stiff fight for reelection, while on the other hand East Texans collectively have attracted many foes.
One veteran, whose district is made up partly of the East Texas oil field, is understood to have at least two formidable opponents and his is expected to be the hottest fight of the lot. He is Morgan G. Sanders of Canton, who has been in congress since March 4. 1921,
Representatives McFarlane of Graham and Patman of Texarkana are also understood to have strong opponents, while candidates have been reported against the three oldest members of the delegation in the Louse—Sumners of Dallas, Rayburn of Bonham, and Mansfield of Columbus.
Among the West Texas group, only Representative Jones of Amarillo, chairman of the house agriculture committee, Is reported here to have opposition to date.
BUSY MONTH DAWNS-
Plenty Calendared-From Straw Ha t Day To National Egg Week
By NUNEZ WISCH K AEM PER
Welcoming the month of Max isn t the simple process it used to j be.
Time was when Grandma, as a little girl, teamed up with Grandpa, as a little boy, and to the accom- ! paniment of their hearts’ pittei-patterlng danced around the May Pole to hail the arrival of the month of flowers. And that WU the end of festivity; everyone went home afterward and followed th" j usual routine the remainder of :he month.
Not so in this complex Age. If^
you are one of those admirable individuals who are public spirited and conscientious, you may as well lock up the office this week so that you ll be free to carry your share in no less than seven national ob-; servances. Furthermore, if your nerves are not shattered and your patience exhausted at the end of this week, there are half dozen other national observances scheduled through the remainder of the month.
events. Straw Hat day. officially ' of non-government supervised pre
designated today, is relatively simple. John Public will merely discard his well-worn felt and don a straw either new or last seasons.
But what about national egg week wliich begins today and lasts through Saturday? Possibly it is a New Deal recovery program, designed to encourage the populace to consume more than the usual amount of eggs. The object of such an undertaking probably would be to prime the poultry industry. or to relieve the surplus egg
ductlon on the part of overzealoi hens.
Then there's national baby week, calendared May 1-7. Its intended observance is problematical. Other observances to be dealt with this week are national foot health week, child health day which is today, national rn isle week and national restaurant week.
Perhaps the most practical observance for foot health week, and one which would meet universal
The perplexing problem to Mr.
John Public will likely be how to go about observing these ojiilupAe 4 Mipply accumulated through } ears ^ See MUN IM OE MAX’. F*. 9, Col I