Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 31, 1954, Abilene, Texas
(airAbilene toortcr-iBetöii'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXin, No. 288
A$3ocûatd Preu (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 31, 1954—EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 6c, SUNDAY lOc
Congress Sends Excise Tax Slash Bill to Ike
Bill Gets Senate Approval by 72-8
ONE-CHUNK BALCONY—The new Abilene High School auditorium moved a big step toward completion Tuesday when a crew of 12 men and two cranes installed this 67,000-pound chunk of steel, the plate girder on which the balcony will be built. Here workers unload the 9 by 87-foot girder from a railroad flat car. Next step will be putting up the overhead girders. Steel work then will be nearly finished. (Staff Photo)
Windham to Tell Own Slaying Story Today
By GEORGIA NELSON Reporter-News Staff Writer
BAIRD, March 30. •— Ernest Windham will take the witness stand here Wednesday morning to tell his side of the fatal shooting of his wealthy brother, John.
Ernest, 53 - year - old Callahan
County rancher, is accused of murder. He is basing his defense in 42nd District Court on a contention that his brother’s death resulted from the accidental firing of a .32 caliber automatic pistol.
John, who was 69. died Feb. 16 on his ranch seven miles north of
House Strikes Out Public Housing Provision Measure
WASHINGTON. .March 30 The House struck from an appropriations bill today a provision which would have permitted starting 20,000 new public housing units in the next year.
Though the public housing issue i.s expected to be revived later, today’s action left little hope for the program of President Eisenhower, who has asked authority for 35,000 units a year in the next four years.
The 20,000-unit provision had been included in an appropriation bill carrying $5,566.118,763 to finance for the year starting July 1 the Public Housing Administration, the Tennessee Valley Authority iTVA), the Veterans Administration. the Atomic Energy. Commission and more than a dozen other agencies.
The bill wlU come up for passage tomorrow. Before quitting today, the House had tentatively approved without change funds for all agencies except the VA, TVA
Oil new* . . 2-3
Woman's news .......... 4
EiJitoriols .............. 2
and the War Claims Commission.
Elimination of public housing was*expected. It came on a technicality. Under House rules, general legislation may not be included in an appropriation bill. Rep. Smith (D-Va) formally raised that point of order and the provision was eliminated without a vote.
The Appropriations Committee’s provision for a public housing program of 20,000 units had been designed to take care of projects to which the government is already committed. Congress last year banned any new starts.
The committee’s program fell far short of the 35,000 new units a year for four years, for which Eisenhower asked authority last January.
The issue probably will be revived tomorrow, when the House begins work on an omnibus housing measure which contemplates a stepped - up slum clearance program and more liberal government-insured loans for new or old houses. The bill now makes no provision for public housing, but could be amended to include it.
It is possible also that the Senate may initiate some plan of public housing with which the House later would go along.
Today’s action left in doubt the status of such products already authorized.
AT FT. BRAGG
Flying Boxcar Rams Mess Hall; 7 Dead
The prosecution placed 12 witnesses on the stand Tuesday and rested its case after a 45-minute delay in the hope that one witness who was ill would be able to testify. The witness was Bob McDaniel, an owner of Abilene Livestock Auction in Abilene. He was in the courthouse but w-as too ill to appear in court.
Defense witnesses Tuesday were Mrs. Ernest Windham, wife of the defendant; their son and two daughters, and five character witnesses.
Two prosecution witnesses were brothers of the defendant, Frank and Sam Windham. Other witnesses for the state were Louis Simmons and John Christian, Dr. R. W. Evans and Frank T. Bailey, funeral director, all of Clyde; Callahan County Sheriff Joe Pierce; Texas Ranger Jim Paulk; W. E. Ken-nard whose property adjoins John Windham’s ranch, Mrs. Tom Po’n-dexter who lives on the Windham ranch, and Robert Estes of Baird.
Prosecution testimony by Sheriff Pierce showed that the state had subpoenaed Mrs. Charles Straley and Tommy Windham, sister and brother of the defendant. Pierce said he has been unable to find them to serve the subpoenas.
The defendant’s brotliers, testifying for the state, said Ernest had expressed dissatisfaction with the settlement of their father’s estate. Both brothers said Ernest had blamed John for the way the property was distributed but that they had never heard Ernest make any threat of harm to John.
Mrs. Poindexter testified that Ernest had attempted to get her and her husband to “swear his father was not mentally capable of handling his business.” She said they had refused to do this. She said she and her husband lived on Ernest’s ranch near Oplin before moving to John’s ranch north of Clyde about three years ago.
She stated from the stand that Ernest had “used every dirty cuss word he could’’ in blaming John for the estate settlement and that the defendant accused John of forcing their father to give John
See WINDHAM, Pg. 5-A, Col. 1-2
Minimum Gas Prices Biil Bottled Up
Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTIN, March 30 ~ A bill to allow the Railroad Commission to set minimum prices on natural gas with a yardstick of 10 cents per 1,000 cubic feet was sent to a House Oil and Gas sub-committee Monday night with the strong assistance of three West Texans.
Reps. John Kimbrough of Haskell, W. G. Kirklin of Odessa and David Ratliff of Stamford voted against the move for minimum prices, voting for the delay tactics which would bottle up the measure until the last week of the session. The sub-committee to be named by Chairman Joe Pyle of Fort Worth is to report next Monday night. Unless there’.s some other avenue of attack and unless the Senate were to start work now on a companion measure, there would be hardly time for action on the hot proposition this session.
Opposition Vocal Ratliff explained his vote in this fashion:
Only one man in my four-county district has indicated he wants minimum price law on natural gas. On the other hand, I have had many requests from users of gas to oppose it because it would mean higher rates.”
An overwhelming 13-7 vote sent the measure to the sub-panel.
Two top Texas figures were Involved in the Monday night hearing. One was Attorney General John Ben Shepperd. The other was Ernest O. Thompson, chairman of the Railroad Commission. Shepperd did not appear, but Pyle read a lengthy letter from him which held that the price bill was within the governor’s call — which call limits the subjects the special session can consider.
Thompson appeared not as a "witness’’ for or against, but to answer questions. Backers of price bills had invited him. Thompson said the Railroad Commission does not believe it now has power to set gas prices.
Thompson for Action Citing a danger of “federal in-truslon’’ Into the gas industry of Texas, he told the committee, “If Texas wants to exercise its sovereign power, the sooner the better." He avoided a flat approval of gas price fixing, but did point out that conservation of gas is needed and that “the better the price, the easier it is- to get better conservation.”
WASHINGTON, March 30 (/P)—Congress pa.ssed a bill today to reduce excise taxes by 999 million dollars a year, beginning Thursday, on a wide range of goods ranging from refrigerators to lipstick.
The measure now goes to the White House for President Eisenhower’s signature. Congressional leaders predicted confidently that he would sign it tomorrow.
The House approved the exci.se cuts 391-1 after conflicting Senate and House versions of the legislation were ironed out bv a compromise committee.
THRILL OF A LIFETIME—Roman Schmitt, 2, of New York, pours a cup of water into the upturned trunk of an elephant named Big Babe at Madison Square Garden. The circus will play in the Garden for 40 days before starting its summer tour.
Shivers Tax Slate Okayed by House
AUSTIN. March 30 (# —The House pas.sed today a tax bill substantially as recommended by Gov.
the time for new taxes.
Rep. Joe Kilgore. McAllen, sponsor of the tax plan, agreed with
Shivers to raise at least $25.600,000 opponents that it “is never pleas-a year. The vote was 110-34. I ant to vote a tax bill.”
The measure to finance higher, p,,, .
mi • «^ondUlon in the public achoola
cs now goes to the Senate Two .,(,1..), ahould be reme-
weeks remain for a final decision before the end of the 3(Rlay special
Victory for Shivers House endorsement of the three-
“The backbone of democracy is the education afforded to each succeeding generation." Kilgore continued, as he urged passage of a
way money measure by an over- bill to bring in the money for high-whelming margin was a clear cut er teacher pay. victory for Shivers over Speaker Reuben Senterfltt.
Senterfltt had challenged the
goveimor by saying this was not
BUT THEY'RE INTERESTED
Teachers Change Tactics, Stay Home
By KATHARYN DUFF Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTIN, March 30 — Where are the school teachers this session?
Quite obviously there has been a change in strategy since last regular session when there were streams of delegations bringing their plea for pay raises to members of the House and Senate. At one committee hearing last year, 1,300 persons, almost all of them teachers and their friends, jammed the Senate chambers.
No Dtiegation Yet
This 30-day special session, called specifically to consider school pay is past the half-way mark. Still no delegations have appeared. Less than half a dozen school folk
attended the Senate hearing on the pay bill.
That bill has now passed over Into the House and hearing on it |
Rep. Joe Burkett Jr., Kerrvllle, consistent supporter of Senterfltt, for, the opposition asked members Pa»slng on aU the benefits of tax
Then the Senate pa.ssed the compromise 72-8 acting to give the American public Its first general reduction In excise taxes in 30 years.
Ike Expected To Sign
James C, Hagerty, W'hite House press secretary, said the Pre.sident probably would sign the bill tomorrow morning. If he doe.s, taxes on refrigerators and similar household appliances will be rut in half April 1, and the rates for Jewelry, sporting goods, cosmeties and many other products will drop.
Although the administration is not happy about losing so much revenue at this time, the President is not expected to veto the bill.
Congressional leaders pointed out that while It cuts revenues 999 million it also extends 1951 excise increases which will bring the government $1,077,000,000 in the next year. These Increases were due to expire April 1.
Consequently, if Eisenhower vetoed the measure he would get a net revenue loss of 78 million more than if the bill becomes law.
The administration has forecast a budget deficit of $2,900,000,000 for the fiscal year beginning July 1. With the latest cuts, this deficit may rise about another billion dollars.
Rep. Marshall iD-Mlnn) was the only member of the House to vote against trimming excise taxes. In the Senate, Senators Cooper (R-Ky), Dlrksen (R-I11>, Langer (R-ND), Williams (R-DcD, Byrd (D-Va), Daniel (D-Tex), Hill (D-Ala), and Russell (D-Ga) voted "no”.
Byrd declared that to borrow money to cut taxes on "luxuries and semi-luxuries” is the “road to financial suicide.”
Many merchants and manufacturers figure the tax cuts will give a big boost to retail sales.
One of the world’s biggest makers of home appliances. General Electric Co., announced it was
Truck Flips, Rider Killed
SILVER. March 30 — Walter Alvis Oliver. 48, of Atlanta, was killed near here about 6 a.m. 'Tuesday when he was crushed under a truck
He was riding in a truck driven by Zachar>’ Taylor Paul, 41, also of Atlanta, who was not hurt.
The accident happened a half-rnlle east of Silver on an intersection of a highway and Farm Road 1472. The farm road leads to the Shell Oil Co. Refinery.
Paul told highway patrolman the brakes on the truck, carrying butane from Silver to Lubbock, failed to hold on a ateep grade leading into the highway.
The truck bounced in a ditch and turned over. Oliver wag crushed to death under the vehicle.
Justice of the Peace E. C. Da via of Robert Leo aaid death was due to injuries sustained in the accident.
The body was taken to Cliff Funeral Home in Robert Lee and will be sent to Atlanta for funeral.
to "examine your conscience, think reducUons to consumers, of your people." Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) voted for
“I come here to speak against ^ million compromise, although this bill because I think something I he said it perpetuated many “very ought to be done to get It stopped." | unfair tax structures”.
Burkett told a quiet, attentive I Be ol jccted to most excise taxes
House as debate of the measure neared an end.
He said continuing drought and
Imiiosed during the Korean War to discourage civilian consumption and the production of durable
rising unemploment indicate a de- goods, saying that Congress now dining economy in which Texas | should remove excise taxes on citizens are looking for tax relief' automobiles, radios, television sets
instead of increases.
"I predict unless it rains in the next 60 days across the western half of the state. I’ll be down here
and on several other proposals is j next time trying to pass a mora-set for Wednesday aftcrnooa or torlum bill so they won’t foreclose night, according to whether the I on people,” Burkett said.
FT. BRAGG. N.C., March 30 ¡^ -A big Flying Boxcar, falling in flames, glanced off an officers quarters, bounced across a parade ground and crashed into a mess hall here today.
At least seven men died in the crash and in flames that shot from the wreckage of the shattered plane and mess hall. One other man. a plane crewman, was missing and presumed dead in the wreckage. At least 10 men were Injured, the Air Force reported.
Five of the dead were in the plane and two in the mess hall. Two airmen and two soldiers in the plane were hurt. Five others in the mess hall, preparing dinner for an Army psychological warfare unit, were among the injured. One man was hurt fighting fire and trying to rescue the Injured.
Only the time element kept the death toll from mounting into the
scores when the plane crashed about 10 a.m. More than 150 soldiers would have been in the mess hall two hours later.
Scores of soldiers and civilians at this huge Army post stood horrified as the crippled C119 plane, which had just taken off from adjacent Pope Air Force Base for Louisville, Ky., turned in a cloudy sky and tried desperately to make it back to Pope.
The pilot, 1st Lt. Albert W. Parks, 25, of Cannelton, Ind., was credited by the Air Force with a heroic effort to save his p<ane. Injured, he died three hours after the plane crashed.
U. s. DEPARTMEVT OP COMMCRCe WLATHER BlREAtT ABILKNE AND VICINITY — Wedo«6-d*y partly cloudy and mUd. with atrong weitcrly vlnda and blowing duat. Partly cloudy and cool Wednesday night and Thuraday with dlmlniahlng winds. High Wedneaday TO, low Wednesday night 40 and high Thursday in the 00a.
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Cloudy and allghtly warmar Wednesday, local thunder-ahowert in eati; mostly cloudy and cold-ed Wednesday night and 'Hiursday; low-est 3S-3S in northwest Wednesday night.
WEST TEXAS: Mostly cloudy and turn-htg colder Wednesday: occasional snow In Panhandle and upper South Plains and 3S-40 elsewhere Wednesday night; Thursday, mostly cloudy and rather cold.
EAST TEXAS: Cloudy with scattered showers and local thunderstorms Wednesday; thunderstorms, locally severe, tn Uva
Strong West Wind To Whip in Dust
Dust, rather than rain, w'as forecast Tuesday night for the Abilene area Wednesday.
The weather bureau at Munici- ______
nal Airrtort Ch.* Central portion in afternoon and early
pai Airport peileyes the strong Wednesday night and Thursday: fresh to
westerly winds will bring dust instead of a stirring up moist Gulf air.
The meteorologist, however, said he would quite gladly admit his mistake if it should rain.
Weathermen in Dallas theoriited that the chilly temperatures of the northern half of the state should ‘ touch off showers when air rising
The mess haU,* torn apart by ■ Gulf air.
the force of the crash, burst into flames. The wreckage, fed by gasoline from the plane, burned for several hours. Firemen extinguished the flames once but they
%— BOX CAR, Pg. S-A, Col. I
The statewide predictions. in fact, called for showers in all but extreme South Texas.
•tcong »ouUierly wtndi on Uv« roatt, rhift-tng to northerly lat« Wedneaday.
TCMPERATl'RES Taee. A. M. Taea. P. M
*1 ............ l:M......... 4«
4« ............ i:M ............ 4g
4 .1 ............ 3 30 ............ 4»
43 ............ 4-30 ............ SO
'•43 ............ B SO ............ 52
ko ............ 0 30 ............ SO
3« ............ 2 30 ............ a
3S ....... • 30 .......... 47
3f ............ t:30 ............ 47
41 ... ........10 Î0 ............ —
41 ..... 11:30 ............ —
♦3 .. . 12 3» ____________ —
High and low temparaturaa for 34 boura ended at 0 30 p. m.; 52 and 37
House stays in session all day.
No great crowds are expected at the House hearing. But. the few who will appear will be more than “token” representation, says Charles Tennyson, executive secretary of the Texas State Teachers Association which sponsors the pay drites. They will be leaders speaking for the whole profession.
Tennyson says the lack of delegations doesn’t mean the teachers aren’t just as vitally Interested now as last se.sslon.
"The need Is Just as great or greater,” he said. “But, teachers were well represented in the deve-opment of the compromise plan."
The bill which passed the Senate and is now before the House committee incorporates that plan, $402 pay raises with a $100 allowance to each school district per teicher
He belabored Shivers’ tax pro-Set SHIVERS, Pg. 5-A, Col. 4
and other products in industries now laying off workers.
Other Relief Due There is relief in the bill for buyers of movie and other admission tickets, furs, handbags and luggage, pas.senger fares, telephone and telegraph bills, mechan-
See CONGRESS, Pg. S-A, Cot. 3
Air Base Electrical Contract Awarded Shreveport Firm
Army Engineers Tuesday awarded Guthrie Electric Company of Shreveport, La., a contract for an electrical distribution system at the Abilene Air Force Base.
The bid submitted by the Louisiana firm on March 19 was $77,495.
A total of 34 bids were received on the electrical system. Col. H. R, Hallock, chief of the Fort Worth District Corps of Engineers, said.
The electrical distribution system is to serve buildings now under construction at the base, on which future construction la planned, Hallock said.
SAN A.NTONIO. March 30 A helicopter pilot and crewman were shaken up and slightly injured In a landing mishap at Brooks Air Force Base today.
The helicopter caught on an antenna and wire along the northwest perimeter of the base.
The pilot, Lt. Frederick Parker, suffered abrasions. Pfc. Rajrmond Parler suffered facial cuts.
FOR EXPANDED WORLD TRADE
Ike Wants Power To Trim Tariffs
»I.» K- -....I ***»*’ temperstuTM Mme date
But Wednesday should be cool, i last year: ss and gs.
so you won’t have to raise win dows while the dust Is here—tak ing the pessimistic viewpoint.
Suneet last Bight t;l7 p, m. Buarlse today 6 39 • m. Sunset tonight f SO p m. Barometer reading at • 30 p. m. 38 03. RelaUvo ttualdlty at t:30 p. m. 4SK.
Few Latteri, Too
This evident change in tactics, whereby teachers aren't putting the "pressure’’ they were accused of last session, is as obvious in mail as In visitors.
Legislators report few letters from teachers and trustees thU session and one of the petitions for pay raises presented them last year.
A pay raise for teachers is generally considered a sure thing. Only question throughout the ses don has been: Who’ll pay for It?
Members have been having plen-visitors, telegrams, letters and telephone calls on taxes. Most of these have been coming from the natural gas Industry, and other industries and business concerns affected by the price of natural gas. Telegrams and phone calls protesting minimum prices on gas poured in this week from Industrial and commercial users.
By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL beyond its June 12 expiration date! There were other proposals, too, WASHINGTON. March 30 liVU-jand add to It extra authority for for:
Giving foreign firms an even on U.S. government pur-If American bidders are on an equal basis in their
to annlv nn Minim,Elsenhower urged a hes-i him to negotiate cuts In American ! Givi tionf and a In wi Hit’ Congress today to give him I tariffs in exchange for reductions j break
Wets’ shL in tS2*Ml iLum Vi id increased authority to reduce tar- ‘ln tariffs of other nations. chases II
fiom /''n™ W «nd «.1.» the InUl.Uve In R«P- K«n (R-NJ), . t»p R^,tr,.tedo,
cent of the total fund smashing “unjustifiable barriers” publican on the House Way.s and : countries.
tans Committee, said he is for Stimulating a freer exchange of a’l this but doesn’t believe Con- currencies, more American Invest-
to expanded world trade.
frnrn «tr-t»0in.iiv nianld the present Isw.” he Said, “is volume of international travel.
about the best we can expect.” Sen. j Putting the administration’s f!ex-Humphrey iD-Minn) said that “We ihle farm price support program Democrats can’t muster enough Into operation to help "harmonixe votes to get the thing through” our agricultural and foreign eco-and the' Republicans will reject it. numic policies without sacrificing The presidential message re- the sound objectives of either.” fleets a shift tn emphasis from aid I Determining the advisability of to trade. Give-away economic aklM'dlfoct aid”—apparently this for other countries should com# ; would mean subsidies for the most as possible, part—to help the American merchant marine and domestic pro-
from strategically placed members of a party of high tariff traditions came predictions that the President will have to settle for considerably Jess than he wants.
The bid for more power to lower Import duties was the pivotal point In a special 5,000 word message to Congress that set forth Elsenhower’s foreign economic policy.' to an end as soon
“For our own economic growth,", Elsenhower said, the President said, "we must have “While a reducUon in aid wUl continuously expanding world mar- step up pressure for a resumption kets; for our security we require 'of the old pattern of trade between that our allies became economic-1 the West and Communist countries, ally strong. Expanding trade is the | Eisenhower said, an Increase In only adequate solution for these peaceful trade, “so far as It can
two pressing problems confronting our country.”
Specifically, he asked Congress to extend the re« Iprocal trade agreementa law for three ytart
be achieved without Jeopardising national security, and subject to our embargo on Communist China and North Korea, .should not cause us undue conccni.”
ducers of critical raw materials.
What It all added up to was almost blanket acceptance by the President of recommeudatlons of the Randall Commission. 'The 17 member commission, headed Clarence RsndsU of Chlcsgo. president of Inland Steel Co.. surveyed foreign economic poUey and turned In on Jan. 23 a report shot through •Ith diiacnta.