Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 30, 1954, Abilene, Texas
"WITHOUT OR WIT|H OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron_
VOL. LXXIII, No. 287
2nd Hydrogen Test Exploded in Mid-Pacific
WASHINGTON, Maich 29 iiD— The government announced tonight that another hydrogen explosion was touched off last. Friday in the mid-Pacific testing •rea.
On March 26
A brief announcement by the Atomic Enerry CommissWn said, “The second test of the present thermonuclear (hydrogen) series was succes.«fully carried out on Friday. March 26.”
“Information highly important to national defense is being derived from this test series.”
The announcement came even as demands were being voiced in Congress that President Eisenhower tell the public more about the destructive power of the new' H-bomb.
In a House speech, Rep. Holi-field (D-Calif), a member of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee, said he wrote the chief executive asking him to end worldwide “confusion, fear and hysteria” resulting from the hydrogen explosion of March 1, fiist In the present series.
The shattering power of the March 1 blast was reported to have surprised even the experts who set it off. It shot radioactive debris and moisture out beyond the safety zone boundary, showering some U. S. naval vessels and a number of Japanese fishing boats with burn-inflicting ashes.
With this obviously in mind, today’s AEC announcement said:
“In preparing for the test (of last Friday), the naval and Air Force units attached to the task force carefully searched the area both visually and by radar. No shipping was discovered in the •rea.”
Since the March 1 explosion, the test area has been considerably enlarged and the Navy announced that pre-test patrols had been stepped up.
The AEC said word of the success of the new test was brought back by Lewis L. Strauss, commission chairman, who returned yesterday from • two-week trip to the area around Bikini Atoll, in the Marshall Islands.
The only U. S. hydrogen explo-•ion announced prior to the present series was the detonation of a “thermonuclear device” in 1952.
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 30, 1954,-~SIXTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Okay Tax Slashes
IT SHOULD UNITE AMERICA
Johnson Soys Communism Is Dividing Our Country
By ED WISHCAMPER Reporter-Ncws Managing Editor WASHINGTON. March 29-Com-
On the basis of these three points. Senator Johnson said “W’e should be able to go ahead and debate
munism, the one issue that should ' the real Issues of our times, unite America, has instead divided I "We can also Investigate the sub-
it. Senator Lyndon Johnson pointed out today.
And the nation is suffering as a consequence, he added.
The Texas senator and Democratic majority leader spoke his views in an interview for the Abilene Re-
versives and the traitors — and we can do It without disturbing the competent police agencies w'ho have proved their ability to protect
Senator Johnson drew the inference that disunity over the issue
rONVFNTION OLD-TIMERS—L. A. Wilke of the Texas Good Roads Association, Austin, left taiks over old times with others who’ve attended many a West Texas Chamber of ¿ommerce°coivem^^ Left to right, the friends are |r of Alba^^^^^^
lock of Colorado City, and A. C. Bishop of Sweetwater. (Staff Photo by Don Hutcheson)
WeMI Tough Out Drought Santa Fe Head Declares
porter-News Monday afternoon. It | of communism is distracting the followed I luncheon he gave In his | very top levels of government office for 15 Texans, Including j from constructive action on matters some visitors from home and the of vital concern to the nation.
top hands of the Texas Press Corps covering the capitol.
Senator Johnson avoided any reference to Senator McCarthy, currently embroiled in a row with the Army stemming from activities of his investigations sub-committee.
As he talked of the spawned by the issue of communism, Senator Johnson hinted that
“Our President,” Johnson said “has enough burdens upon his shoulders without adding the problems of an army draftee.
“Our Secretary of the Army should be able to devote his time to the protection of our country —
,, I not just the protection of his offi-dlsunity
“Our Secretary of State,” he
S Ropak on thé subject > conUnued. “should spend his hours
he may soon speak on the subj c , resources against
'^tpad D Rust of San Angelo, the declaration of independence, or the Sante Fe will present San Angelo trend toward
(for its Foft Concho Park) with a large steam locomotive as a souvenir of the old days, Gurley said.
ernment and police powers in wish-ington wUl ovenx'helm this nation and culminate in a dictatorship.
By HAMILTON WRIGHT Reporter-News Staff Writer
SAN ANGELO, March 29 — The president of the largest raili-oad system in the world told 500 banqueteéis at the West Texas Chamber of Commerce convention Mon-day his syslvm ^ F«d'tha 3«th an
Sirinv the sev"e díought. . eral Wells WTCC director. The | WJCC Conve^^
Four men were awarded plaques , Charles E. A"
for being outstanding West Texans , man of the Federal Cornmittee ior during past few years. The bestowal' Intergovernmental Relation, told
during the severe drought Fred G. Gurley, Chicago railhead, said the Sante Fe hasn’t abandoned any railway mileage and didn’t think it would. Likewise, he said, the immense system has now been entirely dieselized.
At the request of Mayor Armi-
ATTACK NO SURPRISE
Retired Admiral Accuses FDR of Forcing Jap War
- . ^ ^ Gurley told of six miles of new
WASHINGTON. March 29 (^A martialed but they were relieve^ recently finished
retired rear admiral today ac- from duty and retired from s -; ^pf^rred to a
cused the late President Franklin Ice. Short died in 1949 and Kimmel gt Amarillo to test
D Roosevelt of deliberately fore- now lives in New London, Conn. j ^ railroad to refuse
Ing Japan into war with the United: Theobald cQpinianded a flotilla to require its employes to join a
States and of holding the Pacific of destroyers in Pearl Harbor, union in order to be employed. He fleet in Pearl Harbor to lure the when the Japanese attacked. He; spoke on the free capital system Japanese Into making a surprise was chosen by Kimmel as his; of enterprise for railroads. The attack on Hawaii. counsel in the investigations that' sante Fe has recently handled
Rear Adm Robert A. Theobald followed. I 11.000 carloads of drought relief
said also that the top mUltary i Thedbald’s book draws heavily feed - stuff at a loss because “we
command knew for certain two ;^,^ intercepted secret Japanese, wanted to share the loss wUh our
month.s ahead of time that Japan j„essages which he said were customers due to the drought, he
planned to attack Pearl Harbor j^nown to top officials in Washing-! but repeatedly failed to relay any | jjyt never relayed to Pearl ^ ^
hint of this to the military com- Kimmel wrote a foreword
manders in Hawaii. That obvious- support of the findings. In an-
ly was on Roosevelt s order, the other foreword. Adm William F. admiral said. Halsey, a top Pacific commander
This new argument on who was world War II, says:
to blapie for the Pearl Harl>or dis- ..j ^lave always considered Ad-
aster was advanced by Theobald | n^, ai Kimmel and General Short in a book. “The Final Secrets of | to be splendid officers who were Pearl Harbor,” copyrighted In the thrown to the wolves as scape-weekly magazine “U. S. News & goats for something over which World Report.” The book Itself will they had no control. They had to be published April 28. ^-ork with what they were given.
Eight official investigaiions of ¡u equipment and informa-
the Dec. 7, 1941. attack on Hawaii tjon. They are outstanding mili-
have thrown most of the blame tary martyrs.” on the Army and Navy comman- Halsey said he felt certain that ders of the islands, LI. Gen. Wal- jj Kimmel had been given the inter C. Short and Adm. Husband r « i o
E. Kimmel. Neither was court- Se* ADMIRAL, Pg. 5-A. Col. 2
ards went to Jimmy Green. | The Mumcipal Auditorium crarm Big Spring Chamber of Commerce med and jammed, ech^ with pro-
manager; Claude W. Meadows, longed rafter — shaking applause
San .Angelo banker; Robert M. as the ousted government official Fielder, West Texas Utilities Co. urged decentralization. He was for-exccutive, Abilene, for outstanding mer Dean of Notre Dame Univer-promotion of the livestock indus- sity.
try; and R. Wright Armstrong, ! Quoting Socrates of 2,000 years railroad executive and president of Manion said: “His secret of
the WTCC. success was pay your debts and tell
Gurley was introduced by Arm-1 truth. We can’t pay our debts strong as a former Burlington line ^ut w'e can tell the truth.” executive of great ability who was i Declaring America is the last drafted by the Sante Fe system, | humanity, the speaker ask-
Armstrong also introduced numer- jjjg audience to try to envision ous visiting railroad officials and United States disappearing as men who have been prominent in ^jjg fabled continent of atlantls. West Texas C-C activities through ; •<xhe rest of the world then would
be plunged into terror and torture.” He said as long as the United States exists as a free country,
See WTCC, Pg. 5-A, Col. 3
on the Senate floor.
“Of the Issue of communism.” he said, “We can concede these points;
“First. The Overwhelming majority of Americans — Democrats and Republicans alike — are against communism.
“Second, the overwhelming majority of Americans -- Democrats and Republicans alike — are loyal citizens.
“Third, the overwhelming ma-jority of Americans — Democrats and Reipublicans alike — want to •olve the problems before us — even though we may disagree on the methods.”
communism — not arguing with Congress.”
Senator Johnson asserted “tl%‘ major industry” in Washington now “appears to be promoting fights between groups of Americans. The major sport in Washington appears to be betting on the winners.
“1 don’t know who the winners will be in these contesU. But I can name the loser. It will be our country and its people.”
Johnson declared “we have all had enough.” and made the plaa that “Wc get back to sanity and back to work."
CHANGE REPORT CARDS
(ommittees Ask Stepped-Up School Building Program
.. e must restore to our vocabulary the word patriotism and our business men mu^t resurrect the
Women's news . . .
Editorials . . . ■
Farm news ...
Murder Trial Jury Chosen
By GEORGIA NELSON Reportar-News Staff Writer
BAIRD, March 29. Twelve men took the oath of jurors at 7 p m. .Monday in 42nd District Court, qualifying them to hear the trial of Ernest Windham, charged with murder.
The 53-year-old rancher is accused in connection with the fatal shooting Feb. 16 of his brother. John, 69, at John’s ranch seven miles north of Cl.vde. Ernest’s ranch is 15 miles south of Baird.
.A Baptist preacher was the last man added to the panel. He is C. R. Myrick of Cottonwood who also is a carpenter.
First testimony in the trial is to itart at 9 a. m. Tuesday.
Four jurors were chosen before Judge J. R. Black recessed court for lunch Monday. During the afternoon, attorneys for the state and defense rapidly agreed on other Jurora until 5:10 p. m. when the Ijtk man wai selected.
Before the last man was added to the panel 25 additional veniremen were questioned, with 17 being excused for various causes, mo^.t of them because they had formed opinions as to the guilt or innocence of the defendant.
The state exhausted 12 of its allotted 15 peremptory challenges and the defense used 10
Not Seeking Death Penalty
The state is not seeking the death penalty. Questioning by de-I fense attorneys pointed to a claim of accidental shooting as the bas-I is for the defense.
Selected for the jury were:
! Mark Childers. Cross Plains 1 farmer, married, has no children; has two brothers, no church affiliation.
F. E. Markwood, Rt. 1, Clyde; married, two children, no brothers; Presbyterian.
J. P. McCord, Cross Plains farm-
ita TRIAL, Pg. I-A, Col M
By EARLE WALKER
Stepped - up building program and changes In elementary-school report cards were recommended Monday night to the Abilene School Board.
The suggestions came from citl-sens’ advisory committees at a dinner meeting in Fair Park School cafeteria.
Board members promised serious study of the proposals.
“Since the new high school will not be ready for occupancy In the fall of 1954, as planned, we are faced with an acute classroom shortage for the school year 1954-55,” a committee headed by Sam Hill reported.
“As many as 1,000 students will have to go on half - day sessions.
“There will be crowded conditions in the high school. Junior highs and practically every elementary school. Even the opening of the new Anson Jones school will give little relief.”
A, B, C grading should be added to the elementary - school report cards (from first through sixth grades), a committee headed by Paul McCarty said. The panel recommended a dual system of reporting, which would also Include check marks to show a pupil’s progress in relation to his ability.
The present “O”. “S.” “N” grading would be dropped, under the committee’s plan. Also the use of “at grade.” “abov* grade,” and “below grade” would be discontinued.
Hill’s committee urged immediate attention to the following school building needs:
(1) Completion of the new high achool at the earliest possible date and moving of the high school pupils Into it as quickly as feasible.
(2) Steps now to get construction under way on the two remaining elementary schools in the 1952 bond issue (or their equivalent), to Insure that these cla.ss-rooms be available not later than September, 1956.
(3) Construction of a band room at each of the junior high schools before September, 1954. (This had been recommended to the board in a preliminary report, and architects already are preparing tha plans.)
Hill’s committee said the ele
mentary school proposed In Abilene HeighU (the ACC area) from the 1952 bonds could be filled now. It felt that money originally earmarked for an elementary school In Over Place, however, might be used to better advantage for additions to existing schools.
The report - card committee found some value in the present elementary cards. It wished to Include the marking of habits of work, cooperations and other personality factors. Parent-Teacher conferences were recommended for addition to the reporting in elementary schools.
Approval was voiced of the A. B, C grading now used in junior high schools, but the committee suggested adding plus and minus and the Inclusion of parent - teacher conferences.
McCarty’s committee recommended continuing the present numerical grading system in high school. U asked consideration of the addition of personality and habits appraisal.
SEN. LYNDON B. JOHNSON . . . intarviawfd by editor
Editor Honored At Luncheon By Senator
By ELIZABETH CARPENTER Reporter-News Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, D. C.. March 29
-Senator Lyndon B. Johnson today entenained at a luncheon in honor of Ed Wishcamper, managing editor of the Reporter-News.
Held In the offices of the Senate Democratic leader of Texas in the U. S. Capitol, the luncheon was attended by 15 guests, indudlitg several visiting newspapermen from Texas.
The guests included James M. Moroney, vice president and treasurer of the Dallas Morning News; Albert Jackson and John Runyon, executives of the Dallas Times Herald: Don Scarborough, publisher of the Williamson County Sun; Barry Bishop, former Dallas News correspondent and now press attache at the U. S. Embar-y in Mexico City; Walter Hom.iday, Washington correspondent for the Dallas News; L. T. (Text Easley, Associated Press; and other correspondents for Texas ncwspapeis here.
Steaks, apple pie. sad Texas talk were the feature of the luncheon.
Wishcamper is »pending four days in Washington on his way home from the American Press Institute seminar at Columbia University. He will be back in Abilene Thursday.
$999 Million Excise Trim May Get Veto
WASHINGTON. March 29 <#^A Senate-House conference commlb-tee. risking a possible White House veto, today approved a bill slashing federal excise taxes, chiefly stemming from World War II, by 999 million dollars.
The conferees settled on a compromise between Senate cuts totaling $L019.0(X* 000 and House reductions adding up to 1912.000,000.
If approved by President Eisenhower. the lower taxes would become effective Thursday.
Meeting behind closed doors, the conference committee accepted a Senate provision cutting the tax on refrigerators, stoves and other houst hold appliances from 10 to 5 per cent.
This was not in the separately passed House bill, and would cost the government an estimated 65 mUlion dollars a year in lost revenue.
The committee also agreed to alwlish any tax on movie or other adrrission tickets costing 50 cents or less. The Senate version had proposed lo wipe out taxes on admissions costing 60 cents or less, while tht House bill simply cut all admission taxes from 20 to 10 per cent.
The committee further accepted a Senate provision retaining the present 20 per cent tax on horse and dog racetrack admlaslona, nigr.t clubs and club dues.
Another Senate provision which won approval was a section exempting regular - season college athletic events, government-apon-sored museums and exhlblti, and amateur civic theaters from the admissions tax.
Sen. Knowland of California, the Senate GOP leader. Indicated lo reportera after a White House visit earlier in tlie day that Eisenhower strongly favored the House-approved version as being less costly to U. S. revenue.
Elsenhower and Secretary of the Treasury ilumphrey have contended the government is already too deep In the red to afford any further tax cuts at this time.
Both the Senate and House bills included numerous provisions on which there was no conflict. These included a reduction in the tax on jewelry, handbags, luggage, cosmetics. electric light bulbs, cameras and films from 20 to 10 per cent.
And both chambers agreed to set a basic 10 per cent tax on longdistance telephone calls (now 25 per cent), and on local phone calls, sports goods, passenger transportation, mechanical pens and pencils and lighters (now 15 per cent).
The bill would extend for one year the present taxes on autos, liquor, gasoline, cigarettes, beer and wine. Under present law, the levies on these items had been scheduled to drop by a total of $1,077,000,000 a year, effecUve Thursday.
WITH HER SON—Dr. Mollie Armstrong of Brownwood was present in San Angelo Monday when her son, R. Wright Armstrong of Fort Worth, was honored during the first day of the WTCC convention. Armstrong is outgoing president of the group. (Staff Photo)
Runs for Congress
FORT WORTH. March 29 tf»-Jim Wright. 31, mayor of Weatherford, said today he will run for cxmgress. Wright will oppose Rep. Winfita Lucas of Qripcvina.
House Panel to Get 5 Teocher Pay Plans
By KATHARYN DUFF awsy with counselors and aupervl-
Reporter-Naws State Editor aors if they could get that money AUSTIN. March 29 — Six dlf- to use on other salaries, ferent bills with five different plans Two West Texans. Omar Burkett to raise school teacher pay In Tex- of Eastland and W. R. Chambera as will be before the House Appro- of May. serve on the House commit-prlations Committee Wednesday. If tee which wfill consider achool pay these bog down, still another plan bills.
is ready to be dropped In. I Here are the school pay propo-
The public hearing has been set sals set for hearing; for 2:30 p.m. or 7:30 p.m. Wednea- l. House Bill 3. signed by Cham-day according to whether the bers and A. J. Bishop of Winters, House is in session that afternoon, calls for 1350 raises with 1100 op-
— , Two of the six bills posted for tional merit raises and no change
cloudy »nd much eoldtr Tuci^y: w*^ ; same, both of them in minimum foundaUon program.
¡ mcorpoMimg Ih, compromise pl»n Bill gencr.Uy *PProv«i by Spook-wEaT TEXAB; MocUy ctoiidy Tu»»d»y, I endorsed by Gov. Shivers. One is er Reuben Senterfitt.
la panhandi» »nd aouth House bill, the other is the bill' 2. House Bill 5, by Dolph Briscoe •iMwhtr# ■ ft* mow pegged by the Senate. <rf Uvalde and others, the comprt»-
Rep. George Hinson of Mineóla,, mise plan which calla for $402 a co-iigner on the compromise bill. I raises with $100 extra per profess-hat in his pocket two amendments ional unit and providing that local which he says he will pull out only districts shall pay ») per cent If the compromise plan Is revamp- of foundaUon coats, ed or stsiemated. 3. Senate Bill 1, by A. M, Aikln,
One of Hinson’s amendments same aa Brlacoe bill. Passed Sen-
would give a straight $405 Increase ate.
to all teachers without any change i 4. House Bill 13 by Joe Burkett in the financing program. The oth- of KerrvUle. does away with wboie er would give a $405 Increase and,, Minimum Foundation Fund, heart in addition, would give to local of Gilmer-Aikin program, and proschool boards the option of hiring ! vides that state shall give aid to counselor! and supervisors. H schools on basis of average aauy these weren’t employed, the school attendance. ^
boards could spread those aalariea 5. House BUI li by Gene Smith of among other teachers as they wish- Fort Worth. Provide« 133.50 ra^
tor teacben for flv« months be-Hinson, an announced candidato ginning in September; $10 for lieutenant governor, empha- month raise for state employes for sized that he would introduce hia same Ume; $1 miUkm for remod-amendments only as a last-ditch ellng School for Deaf. (These Itema proposition. selected from Governor’s program
“I want some sort of teacher pay and would be effec'He only until raise to come out of the commit- next regular session of Legisla-
r.r’S'r-.r “ “« m.U«l out m l,nor.l ho«.. BU. * by CJgri.. ^r.
High to school admlnutrators over the phy of Houston Provides optímtí
iMt aisht • ftt pm. suariM *o- state telling them of hU plans. He $400 raise. If acb^s
dmy • y# • on sunMt tool*hi S it pm. reaction from small schools part could apply toward what uxey
% ••laIndicated many wmüd favor doing must pay to foundaUon fund.
U.S. DErAETMfcNl OF COMMBBCl WKATHEB Buaeau ABIUCNE AND VICINITY — Mo»Uy cloudf AQd mUd Tu«Bd»z »nd Tuttdajr Distil. W*dne»d»y partly cloudy »nd continuad mild Htfh tcmparatur« Tu»»day 78 dairaaa. Low Tuttday nlfbt 4» to »0.
north C*NTBAL TEXAS: Moatly
cloudy and much colder Tueaday: Wad- ;
Plains; warm -----------
nurrlts In th# upptr Fnnhniullt; Wtdn##-day, widely ecattered ehowere or thunder-Uiowera, warmer In Panhandle and South Plains and tumlnf colder west of the Pecoa Vallay.
CAST TEXAS; Coesiderabla cloudinaee Tuesday: turning much colder in north and central portlona; widely ecattered ■how.’re in south; Wednesday, moaUy cloudy with ecattered ahowere and thun-darshowers. not much change to temperature: moderate to freah southerly
wtoda on the coast SOUTH OENTRAL TlXAi' Partly cloudy and warm Tuesday except widely scattered ahowers and turning colder to extreme north. Wednesday, partly cloudy, aeattered thundershower» to north: not much change to temperature; moderate to fresh southerly winds on the coast.
TEMPKRATUhXa Mon A M. Mon P M.
1 M 1 M
1 30 i 30 •30
11 30 13 30