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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 30, 1938, Abilene, Texas ☆☆☆PRICE 5 CENTS By WILLIAM MCGAFFIN AP Feature Service Writer LONDON, Mar. 31 — The atmosphere Is tense these days In the recognized rendezvous of international spies. Photographs and plans of new type armaments are being offered at high prices, and there are tenders of still bigger sums for answers to specific questions. But spies don't get away with as much as you would imagine. The answer: counter-espionage. In London you read about the arrest of a dockyard worker, the deportation of an alien found trying to enter the country illegally, investigations of mysterious fires in munitions plants, quick trial and heavy sentence for some one found trying to sway the allegiance of a soldier. OE ATH IN TWO COUNTRIES No one has been placed in the dry moat of the old Tower of London and shot. No major countries at peace execute spices except Russia, which uses the firing squad, and Germany, which prefers the guillotine. And even they confine their activities to their own people, usually deporting foreigners. Fines and imprisonment, however, are not lnfreouent. The trials are -    hort;    the verdict Kl* JI* „ In France de- JHi    teethes wreck * j*    ‘boring from .vithin ” Scores of ( J    spies are arrested /I    vlong the Maginot V    I jM    line. France s r <A ^    elaborate fortifi- cations a g a i ns t ■’Germany. 1    I    Thry    arp    the I\y    ; /    work lf kl    defense works or snapping forbidden photographs. French justice usually is swift but these offenders are kept in jail sometimes a year before trial. Meanwhile. French agents are working their way into the ring that pays the ‘little men.” National clean-up week in Abilene begins Sunday. The plan to clean-up, paidup, plant-up, and fix-up is already underway by the City Federation of Women, the Abilene chamber of commerce and the Abilene Real Estate board. Mrs. Morgan Jones, president of the women’s organization, will head that group s drive for a cleaner Abilene. W. S Wag-ley, president of the local real estate board, was appointed chairman of the chamber of commerce clean-up committee. Other committeemen have not been named. First objective is to clean alleys, vacant lots, front and back yards and garden and flower beds. Three weeks ago Mayor W. W. Hair issued a proclamation asking that owners of vacant lots clean them. The mayor promised Wagley who was representing the real estate board that the city would clean their lots. So clean-up started three weeks ago. HOUSE PAINTING URGED "Houses that need painting should be brightened up. Fences, barns and garages that have been needing a coat of paint for years should get it next week,” said Wagley. "Spring is also an excellent time to plant gardens and flower beds to help beautify homes and possibly lots. "Repairing of the back fence, the garage, the house and other buildings are another objec tive of the clean-up campaign. "Concerted action on the parts of all Abilenlans who own or live in houses is needed and asked.” Wagley stated this morning. "Persons who don't have the time to clean up and repair their homes can hire a man by simply calling 3269. the Texas State Employment Service at the Parks building,” Wagley stated. “It can furnish a man to do any type of work immediate- The Spanish war has given France an additional problem. Fifteen Spanish spies reportedly were arrested on the border and deported recently. They were charged with supplying tips w’hich enabled the insurgents to bomb food and medical caravans en route to loyalist Spain. Insurgent spies helped defeat the English-French-Italian anti-piracy patrol, too, until the patrol shrouded its movements in war-time secrecy. Insurgent Spain, however, has its own spy troubles. Government spies, for instance, were getting vital military information back to their lines for a time simply by dropping bottles full of messages into a river which flow er into government Spain. In Italy, fascist secret police keep an almost perfect check on Italians and foreigners. As a matter of routine they tap telephone conversations and open the mail of foreigners, paying special attention to foreign diplomats. It is said no foreigner can be in Italy three days before police have complete information about his identity and business. LITTLE RED NOTICES In Germany scarcely a week goes by without the sudden appearance of little red posters on the billboard pillars at important intersections announcing, with brutal brevity, that "so-and-so, aged such-and-such, was executed this morning for treason.” As an additional reminder that spying doesn't pay, articles occasionally appear in the newspapers warning the public that agents of See ESPIONAGE, Pg 3, Col. 5Columbus Sends Emergency Calls For Medical AidSEC Chairman Requests Action By Senate Body WASHINGTON. March 30.—UPV-The senate finance committee voted today to eliminate taxes on most utility holding company liquidations in an effort to stimulate simplification of holding company structures. The committee approved an amendment to the tax revision bill exempting from capital gains taxes transactions Involved in such simplifications. The amendment was approved after Chairman William O. Douglas of the Securities Commission had recommended it to the committee. In a night session, committee designed a new tax lever today to prod loose billions in frozen capital. Members approved and wrote into final form an amendment to encourage the liquidation of personal holding companies. Chairman Harrisan <D-Miss) of the committee estimated that between $2,000,000,000 and $4.000 000.-000 now is locked up in such companies. If the companies are encouraged to liquidate, he said, this money would flow into the channels of business and trade, giving new support to the sagging economic structure. Under the proposed amendment to the house-approved revenue bill, stockholders could pay in four annual installments the capital gains levy on gains realized from corporation liquidations. At present, the taxes must be paid in three installments. COLUMBUS, Kas., March 30. —(AP)—The entire west side of Columbus was demolished by a tornado that struck shortly before noon today. The Columbus hospital was reported filled with injured persons. First reports failed to say whether anyone was killed. The Columbus telephone operator, too excited to give many details, reported one of the west side school buildings, filled with students preparing to go home for lunch, was demolished. Fifty persons wert estimated injured. An emergency call was sent to all nearby towns for all available doctors and nurses to be sent here for relief work. One survey indicated as many as 40 houses were damaged by tho storm. Emergency calls to nearby Joplin, Mo, and Pittsburgh. Kas.. summoned cars M doctors and nurses. Columbus is in the tri-state (Missouri. Kansas and Oklahoma) lead and coal mining area. The tornado cut through an area of from eight to ten blocks. The roof of the West Side Highland school collapsed in the storm while brick and mortar poured through the second floor. Virtually all the window# of the Community high school in which were 750 pupils, were blown out, but it was believed none of tha high school pupils were injured. LOWER GRADES DISMISSED The lower grades of the Highland I school had been dismissed for noon before the tornado struck, and as some of these have their class-rooms on the second floor, this may have saved many lives. The storm struck about 11:15 a m. CST. The tornadic winds being ac* \ companied by a heavy rain and hailstones as large as good sized marbles. The storm raged with great severity for about 20 minutes. It swept the west and north sections of Columbus, striking from the southwest. Tornadoes struck at least two other southeastern Kansas communities during the morning. First reports indicated no loss of life. One tornado hit two mile* south of Chetopa, leveling the Peity Hill school house. Miss Virginia Sappington, the teacher, warned bv the roar of the advancing tornado, took her 30 students outside and had them lie down in a ditch. Early report* stated none was injured.R. A. Massey III Several Months; Rites Thursday One of Taylor county's earliest residents—R. A. Massey, 82—died early today at the home of a nephew, J. R. Harp, north of Hamby. He had settled in this section in 1879, two years before the founding of Abilene, purchasing land in the Tye and Caps areas. Over the period of nearly 60 years that he had lived in this area, he had accumulated extensive land holdings. Mr. Massey had been ill several months, going on his 82nd birthday —January' 4—to live with his neph-ewew. During more than 30 years in Abilene, he had been a resident of the Palace hotel, holstery erected in the early days of the town. He w«.s a native cf Georgia, moving from there to West Texas. He had been a member of the Church of Christ for 45 years, a member of the Southside congregation for a long time. He was a Mason. The funeral will be conducted at 3 p. rn. Thursday from the Laughter Funeral home. Homer Hailey, minister of the Highland Church of Christ, will officiate. Tile Masonic lodge will have charge of burial rites in the Cedar Hill cemetery. Survivors are one sister. Mrs. W W Harp of Tye; one brother. J. A. Massey of Santa Barbara, Calif.; two nephews. J. R Harp of Hamby and L. E. Sharp of Hodges, Mr. Massey had never married. BUCHAREST. March 30. OF— The government headed by the Patriiich Miron Cristea resigned at noon today for reorganization. The Cristea cabinet was formed Feb. ll following dismissal of the ministry of Octavian Goga by King Carol. Cristea. sixty-nlne-year-old Patriarch of the Rumanian orthodox church, was commissioned by King Carol to form a new government and it was expected the formalities would be completed before evening. It was stated at the palace that Rumania* cabinet of "old men" had served Its purpose and that, at the request of many members of the ministry, the king was gathering new leaders about him. In iniormed quarters it was said George l.tarescv, the t reign minister, and other members of the liberal party would be excluded from the new government, It was emphasized, however, that Rumania is no longer ruled on a party basis and that parties while existent were dormant.II Duce Exhorts City EmigrationReorganization Bill Debate Tomorrow WASHINGTON. March 30.—(A1— The special reorganization com-m.'ttee overrode republican objections today and voted to ask the house to Start six hours’ debate on the administration's reorganization legislation tomorrow'. It formally ratified a decision of democratic members to unite four bills, previously approved by the committee, in a single bill as a substitute for that passed Monday by the senate. Chairman Cochran <D-Mo) said the vote on that procedure was 7 to 2. Cochran said the house would be asked to meet at ll a. rn. (EST* tomorrow—an hour earlier than usual —to start work on the reorganization measure. PATRIARCH CRISTEALerida, 'Gateway1 To Barcelona, Is Immediate Target WITH THE INSURGENTS IN SPAIN. Mar. 30—*JP'—One wing of insurgent General Francos eastern army renewed its smashing toward the Mediterranean from the Caspe and Alcaniz sector today while the other hammered Catalan resistance within ll miles of Lerida. the "gateway” to Barcelona Gen. Garcia Valiano’s division of Italians and Navarrese stormed the Sierra De Caspe and moved in the direction of Gandesa without resistance (Dispatches from Irun quoted insurgent officers as saying this division was but six miles from Maella, which is 38 miles from the coast ) SPEARHEAD WIDENED A few miles to the south. Gen. Miguel Aranda's army captured the town of Palanques Heights, near Zorita in Castellon province. Forty miles north of this sector, insurgent* fighting along the road lo Barre:ona. widened their spearhead before Lerida. 80 miles from the government capital. They occupied important positions southeast of Fraga. including Aytona and Seros in Catalonia province. These towns southwest of Lerida are Segre river valley electric power See SPAIN Page IO, Col. 5Avoca North Test Flows 120 Barrels Hourly As Initial Completion of railroad commission gauge on three district wells is due today, the largest initial producer showing on the north end of the Avoca field in Jones county. Fain-McGaha and Sinclair-Prai-rie No. 2 Mrs. Frances Olson, a one-loeati'on northeast extension for the Avoca pool, rated a flow of 200 barrels in two hours.of potential gauge, after which it was shut in. Flow was made through 3-inch tubing and 2-inch choke Prior to completion, the well had been tested at 74 barrels per hour through the two-inch and 102 barrels hourly through casing Production is from the Palo Pinto lime at 3.220-33 feet. It is in the north half of section 190-BBB&C survey. In Shackelford* Ivy pool, the Iron Mountam Oil company No. I O E. Beck, King sand shallow producer recently acidized at 1.929-37 feet, made 210 barrels in 24 hours on railroad commission gauge. It is in the northwest corner of section 162-BBB&C survey. The pool's second Palo Pinto test. Danciger No. 2 McCown, was running tubing today and was due a 3.000-galon acid treatment tomorrow. Two 250-barrel tanks were to be placed on the lease. In the Jones county Lewis pool, Petroleum Producers No. 4 Milsap et a1 also went on gauge following a shot in Bluff Creek sand. In the same pool, the Danciger No. I Fam-McGaha, a northwest extension, was cleaning out after a 40-quart shot in the same pay. King Oil company No. 3 Claud Lewis was delayed at 1,700 feet by a fishing job. All are in section 37-15-T&P survey.Senate Passes Big Navy Supply Bill WASHINGTON. Mar. 30— (UP) — The senate today approved the $549 227.842 navy supply bill—largest sea force measure since world war days—amid charges that a campaign is under way to make the United States war minded. The measure was approved without a record vote and sent to conference with the house, which yesterday approved a $446,116,280 war department bill, the largest since 1921. Both measures are supply bills for the 1939 fiscal year, distinct from the $1,121,000,000 authorization measure for a 20 per cent expansion in naval fighting forces upon which the senate plans to begin work shortly.Fear Navy Fliers Killed In Crackup HONOLULU, March 30. </*>— Five navy fliers were missing today and feared dead in the crash of a big patrol bombing plane off Waianae, on the island of Oahu. AUSTIN. March 30. Motions seeking to unseat Judge Harry N. Graves of Georgetown from the state court of criminal appeals failed in that court today. Judge Graves' eligibility was challenged in motions for a rehearing of two minor criminal cases from Ellis county. Attorneys for the appellants said he could not continue on the court because when appointed he was a member of the legislature which raised salaries of the judges. Presiding Judge W. C. Morrow and Judge F. L. Hawkins decided the question, with Hawkins writing the opinion. Judge Graves had disqualified himself. Judge Hawkins said Graves' eligibility could be attacked only through quo warranto proceedings and the court of criminal appeals was not the proper tribunal for such a ease. He cited several precedents of both the United States and state supreme court*. WASHINGTON. March 30— 'Pl- Secretary Hull formally acknowledged Mexico* right to expropriate American oil properties today but demanded adequate payment. "This government has not undertaken." he said, "and does not undertake to question the right of the government of Mexico in the exercise of its sovereign power to expropriate properties within its jurisdiction. "This government has, however, pointed out to the government of Mexico that in accordance with every principle of international law, of comity between nations and of equity, the properties of its nationals so expropriated are required to be paid for by compensation representing fair, assured and effective value to the nationals from w’hom these properties were taken.”FDR Grants Pardon To Texas Kidnaper WASHINGTON. Mar. 30 -(UP)— The department of justice announced today that President Roosevelt has granted a full and unconditional pardon to Rollie Rector, serving a 20-year sentence in Alcatraz prison on a bank robbery and kidnaping charge. The pardon was signed upon the recommendation of Attorney General Homer S. Cummings on Mar. 21. Rector was sentenced at Wichita Falls, Tex., where he pleaded guilty to the charges.Improve Stamford Cemetery Addition STAMFORD, March 30 (SpD— An addition to Stamford* Highland cemetery, which was donated by Mrs. J. M. Radford of Abilene, has been improved with a driveway, grading work, and fencing. OTHER INDUSTRY FACTOR—Petroleum Leaders Eye April As Crucial Month For Key To Rest Of Year's Trade ABILENE and vicinity: Shower* and cooler tonight; Thursday cloudy and cooler West Texas: Partly cloudy, cooler temperature near freezing in Panhandle; light frost in exposed places In extreme west; showers In southeast portion tonight; Thursday partly cloudy and cool«r. East Texas; Cooler in northwest and north central portions tonight; Thursday -lotjdy showers In ea*t and south portions cooler In north and west central |xvrf Jon*, Kitchen temperature \esterdav ....79 1    ».->».    r' !,,.e tills morning . . «2 Each question counts 20; eacn part of a two - part question, IO. A score of 60 is fair; 80, good. Answers on page 3. 1. Is Arthur Sevsz-Inquart. pictured here. <a> governor of Austria, »b) Hitler* private secretary, or ic) nazi leader in the Saar? 2. Did Secretary Hull say the U. S. foreign policy would be (a) an endeavor to cooperate with other democracies even if that meant war, <b) a course midway between internationalism and isolation, or (c) a refusal to have anything to do with foreign affairs except trade? 3. The president of a "suicide club” in what nation recently died of tuberculosis? 4. Under present arrangements, when will the Philippines become independent? 5. What action recently taken by Mexico seriously affects foreign business interests in that country? ANNOUNCEMENT SEEN SOON— Mrs. Ferguson To Enter Governor's Race, Report TULSA, Okla., March 30.—(ZP'— The petroleum industry will label April a crucial month when the final report on 1938 business is written. oil leaders were agreed today. Within the next few weeks, the'’ predicted, It will be determined whether the business is to go upward or settle into the sluggishness which generally has held it since the November downturns. It generally was believed the whole thing would hinge on a revival in other lines of business and a hoped-for stimulation in demands for refined products. But ideas varied on whether the recent boast in gasoline prices could continue into a profitable advance. Under th* burst of buying pre ceding the increased freight rates effective March 28, marketers reported. gasoline was tightly held and in good demand. Some refiners declared    the situation had not changed    fundamentally, however. Independent operators insisted seasonal advances had not brought it to a profitable figure. Most refiners anticipated a brief decline in orders after the stocking-up, but expected jobbers with limited storage would be seeking additional supplies soon. A slump in lubricating oils made refining    operations unprofitable. The OU and Gas Journal reposed 75 per cent of neutral and bright stock plans in the Mid-Continent were shut down awaiting price improvement*.Texas 1939 Highway Program Approved AUSTIN, Mar. 30—(UP) — The Texas highway department was advised *oday the federal bureau of public roads has approved the projects submitted for inclusion in the 1939 federal aid programs. Aid will total $12,273,957. Funds for the 1939 federal aid programs will be available after July I. next. Division engineers of the department have been advised to prepare plans and specificatlouns for these program*. TFMTERATt'RES Tues    \\><1 pm.    a.rn. COOLER    Sunrise    .. . 7 n m. 7 a m I fry thermometer    7ft*    SR* r’''1 thernvmet-'r    a.:*    es* Relative Humidity    SI    *4 ;