Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 29, 1954, Abilene, Texas
®l)e Abilene 3^eiwirter
"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"-Byron
VOL. LXXIII, NÔ. 286
Au€>ciat«d Presi ( AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 29, 1954 TWELVE PAGES
PRICE DAILY 8c, SUNDAY 10«
BIsst Rscks British Ship
ALGIERS, Algeria, March 28 — The Bhitish troopship Empire Windrush was blasted by an explosion and swept by flames today
were ordered to Algiers to'pick up the survivors for their homewad journey.
The Empire Windrush was en
as she steamed homeward along 1 route from Japan to Southampton,
the North African coast. Almost 1,500 passefgers and crew members scrambled to safety in a speedy and notably calm rescue operation.
The ship was left adrift—still burning—in the Mediterranean, a total loss.
Women, Children Saved
Among those rescued without mishap were 277 women and children, dependents of servicemen, who had boarded the Empire Windrush at Asian ports. Seventeen hospitalized soldiers also were saved.
The explosion rocked the 14,651-ton vessel shortly before 8 a.m., when it was a little more than 20 miles offshore. Three men and an officer in the enginroom were killed in the blast.
Within minutes, said Capt. W. Wilson, the rest of the engineroom crew was forced by the fire to come above and the flames were spreading out of control. Acrid smoke spread throughout the decks.
It was then that he gave the order to abandon ship, the captain said.
The women and children went first in lifeboats. The troops followed, scrambling over the rails and jumping xdo the sea with their lifejackets, ihe crew and more soldiers followed on ropes.
Ships of four nations—the Dutch freighter Mentor, the British cargo vessel Socotra, the Italian tanker T a i g e t e and the Norwegian freighter Hemsefjell—quickly con-verged to take the survivors aboard. The Taigete took the women and children and the men were distributed among ihe other ships.
Within two hours of Wilson’s order, all were safe. By midafter-noon, all had reached Algiers.
There was not the slightest indication of panic among the soldiers or the women, crews of the rescue ships said. The sea was calm throughout the operation. Aside from a few men slightly injured when they jumped into the sea or scrambled down the ropes, no one was hurt.
The last they saw of the Empire Windrush it was drifting, still biasing fiercely, less than 30 miles off Cherchel, a coast town about 20 miles west of Algiers.
Three British warhips, an aircraft carrier and two destroyers,
where it was due April 2, and had called at Hong Kong, Singapore, Colombo, Aden and Port Said. Most of the women and children had embarked at Singapore.
Egypt Council Slill in Power AsHaguibBows
CAIRO. Egypt, March 28 (JB— An aide to Mohamed Naguib said tonight the President, “bowing to the people’s will,’’ had agreed in principle that Egypt’s Revolutionary Council should remain in power and that the election of a Constituent Assembly and rebirth of political parties be called off.
Maj. Ismail Farid, personal aide de camp to Naguib, made the an-nouncerrient, however, as joint conferences between .the Revolutionary Council and civilian ministers continued.
Salah Salem, guidance minister, also left the conference which had been going on for more than seven hours and addressed a crowd which shouted, “We want revolution. We don’t want parties.”
Salem said, “I can promise you we (army officers) shall not leave you. We will continue until the evacuation of imperialist (British) forces (from the Suez Canal zone) and until the country is completely purged of corrupt elements.”
Two hundred police officers gathered at their club in Cairo and adopted a resolution supporting continued rule by the Revolutionary Council, and opposing the rebirth of political parties. They added that if elections are held they would “refuse to help in running it,’’ as police are usually called upon to do.
The length of the conference indicated an immense tug of war was on behind the scenes between Naguib, who wants to reinstitute parliamentary government In Egypt, and major elements of the ruling Revolutionary Council which fears a return to elections and political parties would mean a return to corrupt practices.
Ike Gives Strong
Praise to French
Mundt Wants Senate Probe Job Finished
CHEER TO TEARS — Tears took the place of laughter in Indianapolis last week when Charlie Cheer, 57, Shrine Circus clown, accidentally exploded a blank cartridge into his left hand between acts. The cartridge is used in a trick mechanism on Cheer’s accordion. He was treated for a J^a^^red forefinger and lacerations at Emergency Hospital by Nurse Judy Vandivier. An unidentified ambulance driver seems to suffer the pain with Cheer. _ .■■■_
5 Killed in Area's Week End Traffic
Death reaped a grim toll on Abilene area highways over the week end.
Five persons died in wrecks near Strawn, Stamford, Seymour and Benjamin.
The dead are:
Hiram Wesley Christopher, 30, of Seymour.
W. C. Corley. 32, of Knox City. Jefferson Lee Johnson, 39, of
George Cooper, 51, of Stamford. L. K. DeBose, 36, of Judd and Ennis.
MANION TO SPEAK
Annual WTCC Meet Opens in San Angelo
SAN ANGELO, March 28. — The *6th annual West Texas Chamber of Commerce convention at San Angelo gets down to business Monday morning with some 500 delegates from West Texas studying problems that affect this region.
Programs on agriculture, community services, industrial development, livestock water resources and local, state and national affairs will be conducted Monday.
The convention officially opened Sunday with registration, sightseeing, showing of Big Bend National Park films and church services at First Methodist Church.
Clarence Manion, former dean of Notre Dame School of Law and former chairman of President Eisenhower’s Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, will give the keynote address at 10:30 a.m. Monday.
Gov. Allan Shivers, scheduled to deliver the address, could not come because of legislative matters. Later, Gov. Johnston Murray
of pklahoma agreed to come but cancelled the appointment because of a prior engagement.
Fred G. Gruley, Chicago, president of the Santa Fe Railway, will speak at the annual dinner Monday night.
Other speakers at the convention are Dr. Sidney Miller, economics and transportation professor at Pittsburg University; R. B. Mc-
Leaish, FHA administrator, and
Wyle B. Reed, assistant in charge of loans, to speak to the agrlcul ture committee.
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French Smash Hard At Duq-ln Rebels
KNOX CITY, Marc* 28. — W. C Corley. 32, of Knox City, was killed about 2 a.m. Sunday on U. S. Highway 82 about 12 miles west oi Benjamin when he lost control of his car and it overturned.
Corley’s body was at the Warren Funeral Home at Knox City where funeral arrangements will be announced.
SEYMOUR, March 28. (RNS) — Hiram Wesley Christopher, 30, World War II and Korean War Navy veteran, was killed instantly about 1:45 a.m. Sunday in a traffic accident 3^ miles east of here on State Highway 199,
Investigating officers said Mr. Christopher was passing two other cars when he lost control of his 1954 Ford and it overturned. The car was a total loss.
He was bom Feb. 19, 1924, at Kansas City, Kans., and came to Seymour as a child.
He was discharged from the Navy about a year ago. He was a cook.
Survivors include his mother,
Alma Christopher of Seymour; a daughter. Mae Alma of San Diego. Calif.; 8 brother, John H.
Christopher, stationed in the Marine Corps at Chicago; three sisters. Mrs. Rex Adkins and Mrs. H. G. Gleghorn. both of Seymour, and Mrs. Elmo Shaw of Gilliland.
Funeral services will be conducted at 3 p.m. Tuesday in the Seymour Methodist Church. 'The Rev. Rollo Davidson, pastor, will officiate Burial will be with military graveside rite* by the Seymour Veterans of Foreign Waw post, and under direction of Harrison Funeral Home.
STAMFORD. March 28. — f'«’ neral was held here at 4 p m. Sunday for one of two persons klued in an accident Saturday on U. S. Highway 277 near here.
The rites at the Negro Church of Christ were for George Cooper, 51, of Stamford. Burial was in Negro Cemetery.
Also killed in the wreck was L. K. DeBose, 36, of Judd and Ennis. His body was to be sent to Ennis for funeral services.
A third man riding in the pickup in which the pair was killed sustained broken legs. He is Odell Smith. 43, of Stamford. He is in Stamford Sanitarium.
WASHINGTON. March 28 1^— Sen. Mundt (R-SD) said today the Senate Investigations subcommittee should finish its fact-finding job in the row between Sen. McCarthy IR-Wis) and top Army officials before embarking on any new hearings.
McCarthy, who has turned over the subcommittee’s chairmanship to Mundt while that probe is made, has indicated he would like to go ahead with other investigations in the meantime.
No Special Counsel Inability to obtain special counsel has delayed the start of the subcommittee’s public hearings on the charges and counter-charges exchanged by McCarthy and Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens and their aides.
Mundt said he did not think It would be possible now for the hearings, which are to be telecast, to get under way before nexi week.
McCarthy last week suddenly called and then canceled within an hour, a subcommittee meeting to go over w'hat he called evidence of Communists in defense plants and of graft and corruption in Alaskan development project#; with a view to starting public hearings.
The three Democrats on the subcommittee and Sen. Potter (R-Mich) vetoed the move, saying agreement had been reached earlier by all the members that no other hearings would be held until after the public airing of the Mc-Carthy-Army dispute.
McCarthy joined in the agreement, but said later that si the time it was made, members had anticipated a prompt hearing of
hii controversy with Army officials.
Despite the delay, however, Mundt aligned himself wtlh subcommittee members opposing a change in plans.
“I certainly don’t think we should open any new hearings.” he said in an interview. “I think we ought to finish this job before we have any other hearings.” Mundt did say, however, he had been receiving some letters saying the subcommittee ought to get its probe out of the way “so you can go back to investigating Communists and crooks.”
‘Tempest in Teapot’ |
McCarthy also has said that what he has called “this tempest in a teapot” was preventing the subcommittee from making full use of its regular staff and Ita funds for searching out any Communists or their protector* in government.
The McCarthy-Army controversy centers around an Army report charging that McCarthy and the 8ub*'ommittee’s chief counsel, Roy M. Cohn, tried to pressure the Army into giving favored treatment to G. David Schine, a former subcommittee consultant who was drafted into the Army last November as a private.
Another issue still to be settled is whether McCarthy should have the right to cross-examine witnesses—a right he say* should also be extended to Steve na and
^ siru* McCarran (D-Nev), former chairman of the Senate Internal Security subcommittee and a friend and supporter of McCarthy, said today he felt McCartlw had that right, but ha advlied him against using it.
SCHINE GRADUATES Pvt G. David Schine. former unpaid aide to Sen. McCarthy, is shown marching to graduation exercises at Camp Gordon near Augusta, Ga.. Saturday. He received a diploma from the Military Police School. Sohlne is the center of a raging controversy in Washington, The Army says McCarthy and his aides sought special privileges for Schine from the Army. McCarthy denies this.
'Joe Must Go' Club Begins McCarthy Recall Campaign
SPUR. March 28. — Jefferson Lee Johnson. 39. of Spur, kUled Saturday when his car overturned near Strawn in Palo Pinto County, was buried here Sunday.
Burial was in Spur Cemetery following funeral services at 3 p.m. in the Chandler Funeral Home Chapel.
Switch in Butter Price Plan Denied by Secretary Benson
prices to spur sales of dairy products so that consumption wUl match supply. While he doesn’t expect the farmers to cut down production, he said, he believes farmers wUl cull out low producing cattle, which they haven’t done in the last year or two under high supports.
By LARRV ALLEN
HANOI, Indochina, March 28 L#» —French forces smashed at Vlet-minh entrenchments surrounding their beleaguered fortress of Dien Bien Phu again today, forcing the Communist-led rebels to halt preparations for a new infantry assault. A French army spokesman said the VIetminh had dug a network of trenches le-.s than 600 feet from the dust bowl bastion. To
be removed from the hemmed-In fortress.
The battle for Dien Bien Phu is being watched closely by people in France and many other lands. They feel that if the French can knock out of action the rebel horde besieging the fortress, they will have taken the first big step toward ending the seven-year Indochina War.
If rebel chieftain Moscow-edu-
rtiTy” raids he added, forced the rated Ho Chi Mlnh wins, however. Sieis'.oTaper off. at least for the have h.f.ic ed a nr.ior de-
moment, con.struction of positions obviously intended as takeoff points for mass infantry charges.
Bad flying weather, however, put a damper on the French aerial assault. The rebels took advantage of the lull to move up fresh troops and supplies. The VIetminh commander. Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap appeared unwilling to try a new as-aault until he has mustered high numerical superiority over the French defenders.
Giap, busy rounding up guerrilla fifhtara to bolster his regular atrikiuf force, hak Ignored «Plf »1* by the French commander in chief, Gen. Henri Navarre, for a ceasefire until the French wounded can
feat on the French and put the Reds in a powerful bargaining position for the Geneva Conference next month.
The siege of Dien Blen Phu— last French stronghold in the Thai People’s country—Is now in its 129th day. The approach of the rainy season, which will turn the dust bowl plain into a sea of red mud, pcwse* a problem for both sides. Ground fighting becomes virtually Impossible during the monsoon season and the air war if brought to a halt.
MeanwhUe, French troops beat off a V letmlnh ambush against Union naval craft in the Red River Delta, kUUng 27 rebels.
WASHINGTON. March 28 iJ’i —
Secretary of Agriculture Benson tonight denied reports that his department plans to switch to a gradual decline in butter price supports rather than going through with the sharp drop from 90 to 75 per cent of parity scheduled for AprU 1.
Benson made the comment in answer to a question on the NBC television show “Meet the Press’ about a statement Friday by Sen.
McCarthy (R-Wisi. The senator had 'said “some people’’ in the Agriculture Department assured him they expected such a last minute change in plans to higher supports.
The big drop in butter supports has been criticized severely by some dairy groups and some dairy state congressmen.
„."’c'hr.l'trrfhrirw? f»r the Abl..n.
to reduce dairy products to the area Monda>.
legal minimum because demand is The U. S. Department of Lom-not meeting the heavy supply and ^erce Weather Bureau at Munic-
goveniment - purchased butter is jpa\ Alrnort Sunday night said a
piling up in warehouses. cool front which will bring with it
Benson said that when parity on , j, scheduled to hit Abilene at butter drops from 90 to 75 per cent i g.^Q p Monday, of parity on Thursday, this will mean housewives can buy butter at eight to 10 cents a pound cheaper. Some merchants "who want to help us out with our program,” he added, will -educe prices a couple of cents more.
For the farmer. Benson said, it
Wind, Dust Due in Area
Wind, dust, and lower tempera-
SAUK CITY. Wis„ March 28 — A “Joe Must Go” club to handie a campaign aimed at recalling Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis.) from office was named today.
Betwen 400 and 500 people, from 4.3 of Wisconslns 71 counties, met in a ballroom in this small town of 1,700 on the banks of the W’ls-consin River.
The meeting was quiet and orderly. but as time went on the gathering became more lively and, led by about 20 University of Wisconsin students, chanted "Joe must go.’’ Several television and motion picture ewsreel cameramen were on hand to record the event.
Leroy Gore, editor of the weekly Sauk Prairie Star, who initiated the recall campaign, told the audience that 125.000 people already had signed petitions for a special recall election. He said that nearly 404 000 signatures would be needed within a 60-<iay period to bring about the special election. Ivan Nestlngen, an attorney from Madison who was temporary chairman of the meeting, said the petition campaign would close May 17.
Gore said he has been a Republican for 30 years and supported McCarthy’s re-election bid in the 1952 election, but he said he feels recall of McCarthy would be "for the good of the nation and the good of the state.”
"I was convinced,’ he said, in explaining his campaign for Uie recall, "that a great many people who supported McCarthy in 1952 were awaiting the opportunity to express change in sentiment.’
Gore, who had called today a organizational meeting, said he wanted a statewide committee to take over the job because he considers it too big for one man.
Stale Session lo Start lax Issues Debate
Gore was named to an 18-man steering committee, along with one county Republican chairman and six Wisconsin weekly newsmen. The GOP leader is Harold Michael of Amery. chairman of the Polk County Republicans.
Ctore said that the response to his initial appeal has been "overwhelming.’’ He said he has received about 3,500 letters, the vast majority favorable to the recall project.
The Sauk City newsman said that he put about 1700 of his own money Into the campaign, most of It for petitions. He said he had offers of financial help from several Milwaukee labor groups but had turned them down because he wanted the project to be "a .small man’s movement."
Gore mentioned that there has been some question whether the state’s laws regarding recall of elected officials can be applied to a United States senator. But he said that he •believed that since the people of Wisconsin elected McCarthy, they have the right to i ing now for recall him from office. ' House.
AUSTIN. March 28 The Legislative spotlight swings this week to the House where debate if scheduled earfy on vital taxation and •pending iaauea.
House eommltteel likewise will act on anticommunist legislation, the key teachers pay rafeie bill, two measures to fix the minimum price on gas, and additional tax proposals.
Already passed by the Senate and recommended for passage in the House are bills appropriating more than 10 million dollar* in emergency money for several state institutions, and for state workers’ pay raises.
Approved by the House revenue committee and ready for debate in the House are measures incorporating these of Gov. Allan Shivers recom menda tions :
A 37 cent per barrel increase on the beer tax. making it 12.
An Increase from 5.72 to 9.06 per cent of value on natural gas,
A jump from fl.25 to 12 per tl.OOO on the taxable corporate assets in the franchise levy.
Also ready for debate is a bill by Rep. George Hinson, Mineóla, levying l-30th of one cent on each 1.000 cubic feet of natural gas delivered from the ground under long term contracts. It was not a part of the governor’s program, but was approved for House debate by the House Revenue and Taxation Committee.
All revenue measure* must originate in the House. The Senate cleared its calendar during the session’s first two week.s, and is walt-a tax bill from the
Indochina Iroops Gd Morale Hike
WASHINGTON. March 28 tW— President Elsenhower spoke wt strongly today in praise of the defenders of Dien Blen Phu. pressed “my admiration and wst wishes’• to the commander of that beleaguered Indochinese fortress.
An Unusual Messago Through diplomatic channels, ho dispatched an unusual message to President Rene Coty of Franco and to Bao Dai, chief of state of Viet Nam, commending the “gallantry and stamina of the com-mander and the soldiers who art defending Dien Bten Phu.”
The White House announced tho action while Secretary of State Dulles was putting the final touches on a speech which is expected to include strong poUcy statements on thè Indochina crisis, Dulles conferred with Elsenhower at the White House yesterday about what he plans to tay in an address in New York Monday night to the Overaeaa Press Club, He win speak at 9 p.m. EST. Communist VIetminh force* have been attacking much smaller French loyal forces at Dien Blen Phu with a ferocity that haa led some observers to believe they ar« seeking primarily a victory which would bolster the Red bargaining position at the Geneva Conference opening April 26.
The problems of Indochina and Korea will be discussed at that meeting, to be attended by the United States. Great Britain, France. Russia and Red China.
Elsenhower’i message wai seen as in effort to bolster the morale of the defenders and to assert once again the prime Importance this country attache* to the outcome of the fightinf In the seven-year-old Indochinese War, <rf which many Frenchmen are bocoming weary. ,
The President sent identical messages to the heads of the French and Viet Nam governments.
"In common with millions of countrymen." he said, “I saluto the gallantry and stamina of the commander and soldiers who are defending Dien Bien Phu. We have the most profound admiration for the brave ’ and resourceful fight being waged there by Iroops from France. Viet Nam. and other part* of the French Union,
Cause of Freedom "Tho.se soldiers, true to their own great treditions. are defending the cause of human freedom and are demonstrating in the truest fashion qualities on which the survival of the free wortd depends.”
*T would be grateful,” he concluded. "If you would convey to the commander of the gallant garrison of Dien Bien Phu this expression of my admiration and best wishes.”
Eisenhower *s formal note marked the second time in a week that be has saluted the Dien Biea Phu commander. Col. Christian de Castries. At his news conferenct Last Wednesday, the President
See IKE, Page 2-A, Col. 7
YUGOSLAV REVOLT ASKED
Secret Underground Group Challenges Tito's Notion
Dust accompanying the 20 mile an hour north winds will drop visibility to about two miles, the forecaster said. Strong gusts of wind during the day are also forecast.
Temperature drop will be about 15 degrees Tuesday from the high won’t mean the full 15 point drop; of 85 forecast for Monday. Low
because butter is now selling a( 84 to 87 per cent of parity rather than at 90. Parity is a measure of farm price* considered fair to the farmer In relation to prices he must pay for necessities.
Benson repeated w-hat he ha*
said frequently that he expects the reduced aupport* ana lower retail ed.
Monday night will be about 45.
The front is expected to hit Lubbock at 3 a.m., Wichita Fall at 6 a.m. Monday.
Most of the blowing dust will probably he gone by Tuesday morning, the weatherman predict-
V. a. DEPXaTMENT OF COMMEBtK weather Bl’REAC
ABILENE AND VICINITY ~ cloudy MondA.v, becomtni duay c^-tr Monday nigitt. Partly cloi^y »nd Tueaday. Low Monday morning 55. high Monda afie^n » Low Tuoaday morm Ing about 45. high T’>'»da.v aftamoon^TO^ NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: «“»»X
cloudy turning much colder In north ^ tion Monday and Monday night. Occaaloiv al light rain in north Pfttton Tuaiday .
WEST TEXAS: Moatly cloudy i“”dni
much colder in the Panhandle »nd In northaaetern South Plain* Monday and Monday night. Freeitng occasional light »now In tha Ponhanaie Monday night and Tuekday
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day «31 am. Bunaat tfmteW * *2, Barometer reading at 0 30 p m Jnf«. Rilauvt bumUUtjr at • JO p m.
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BEIX5RADE, Yugoilavls. March 28 UP—A secret underground organization challenged President Tito’s Communist government today and called upon the Yugoslav people to overthrow the country’s “dictatorship.” It was the first sign of an organized opposition here in six years.
A communique outlining slmi and objectives of the organization —which said it was organizing a Socialist party — was circulated among foreign correspondents stationed here. It bore no signature. It cautioned those who received it to destroy the copies for fear Yugoslavia’s security police might attempt to trace identification,
A spokesman for the Foreign Office termed the alleged new organization "obscure, ridiculous and insignificant, unworthy of comment.” High officlala in Tito’s government called the statement "nonsense.”
Perhaps significantly, the docu ment was distributed on the eve of the fourth plenary session of Yugoslavia’s Central Committee, which meets tomorrow for tho first time since Mllovan Djilas, a vice president, was stripped of hli rank for attacking govemmeot poUdes er.rly this year.
Speculation immediatelF focused
upon the possibility that supporters of DjHss. one of the tive top ranking figures in the government, were behind the new move. It seemed designed to create an antl-Tlto party, perhaps in an effort to bolster Djilss’ desire for a closer alignment with the Western democracies. Tito, on the other hand, has expressed a desire for “normalization” and "Equal rights" between East and West.
The communique said a preparatory committee for the foundation of a socialistic part; of Yugoslavia
ment of freedoms which do not exist in our country now.
4. "The party will fight to abolish all policies, privileges and positions obtained for the ruling cast# of members of the Communist Alliance or by feudal aristocrats. Tht party will ssk that all professions be open to all citizens without discrimination.
5. "The party will use aU of its strength to raise the standard of living of Yugosliivia, which is now the lowest in Europe.
6 "The party will struggle for
was formed todiy. It reported thit liquidation of the chaot which sui^
12 of the 18 delegates at the congress are members of the Communistic Alliance, the ruling party which dominates the govemmenl.
It listed eight basic objectives:
1. ‘The party will fight with legal means for socisllam against dictatorship of a small group of people protecting their personal positions from tbs attempt of tho people’s masses to introducs democracy . .
2. "The party will merge the positive traditions of the liberation war. but will fight for the principle of the participation by members of the present Communistic Alliance in leading the state.
S, ‘The party will fight In the interest of the people for fuHlU-
rounds (the government’s» social activities. . . .
7. ‘The party wtil attempt to liquidate completely the bureaucratic caste which in fact consist* of amoral, unscrupulous, and corrupt members of the Communist Alliance.
8. "In the international field, there will be tstahlished close re-la tions with all workers, socialistie and labor parties of the world."
In ms. just after ’nto’s government broke off diplomatic relations with Communist ncighbora, there was an opposition group made up supporter* of ti ' Mot-cow-led comlnform. But It never dtv^oped enough strength It at-riouaiy threaten ^ito’a grii^