Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 29, 1944, Abilene, Texas
# RED CROSS WAR FUND CAMPAIGN BOX SCORE
County quota $69,000,00
Contributions to dote 70,727.56
VOL. LXIII, NO. 287.
WITHOUT OR WH ll OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I CH YOL'R WORLD EXACTLY AS FE COES^Bvron
A TEXAS MEW SP APER
ABILENE, TEXAS,WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 29, 1944 —I EN PAGES
Associated Pres* (AP)
United Press (U.P ) PRICE FIVE CENTS
'Army Aide Asks Draft of 4-Fs Into Key Industry or Labor Battalions
I . . on tv,,,ain M. Nelson that cffvc- ,„r of an ahle-hnHM man. ' cnnfm-i.cr yatonia;;■ thrr« ,n
‘•washington. March 29.—<j«P>— Undersecretary of War Robert P. Patterson told the house military committee today the time had arrived for 3,500.000 4-F's between the ages of 18 and 37 to be assigned to jLsential industry or to be inducted 'into the army in labor battalions.
“We face an actual danger.’’ Patterson said as the committee continued its study of the manpower situation. "It seems quite plain that some method of # 4-F’s in essential war work
controlling the utilization of more extensively than under existing practice would promote the winning of the war”
One method to utilize the 4-Fs, he explained, would be by enactment. of national service legislation applicable to men between 18 and I 37 who have been classified as phys-j ically disqualified to perform mil-i italy service. He said assignment of > such men to essential activities 1 could be under control of a director of national service.
“Another method would be by extension of the present selective service mechanism,'’ he said. The 4-F's in war activity or other essential activity would be given occupa-j tional deferments and would remain as before. The 4-F’s not in war activity or other essential activity and found by the local boards to be qualified for such activity would be inducted and placed in the enlisted reserve.”
As the need for additional workers in an essential activity
became evident, he explained, the men assigned to the enlisted reserve would he directed by local boards to take employment in such activity, retaining their civilian status and receiving the wages and “other ordinary incidents of civilian employment.”
Men directed into essential employment and refusing to go. he declared. “would be called by the army to active military service and would be used in special labor units
“Some method must be worked out to use these men,” Chairman Costello i D-Calii > said. “Thousands of them are younger men whose disabilities, while sufficient to prevent their acceptance for combat duty. are not grave enough to pi event |them from taking an essential war job and releasing a physically-fit 1 young man for combat.*'
Costello said testimony given the committee in recent days—includ-I ing a suggestion by WPB Chair
man Donald M. Nelson tli.u effective controls be established over 4-Fs—has influenced many of his ’olleagues to believe that the time has arrived to “put many of thor men in uniform so they can be used where they are needed in a noncombat capacity.'’
Presumably, hr added, the men would he furloughed to essential industry, be used for *ra-sonal war and war-supporting work and be assigned to military jobs which do not require the
use of an able-bodied man. lhosr already in essential work would not be inducted.
Selective Service Director Lewis B Hershey disclosed that he is prepared to ask tho armed services to induct into work battalions any 4-F rccistrants who are able to work but are not contributing “materially and substantially" to the war j effort
President Roosevelt remarked, in I response to a question at his news
conference yesterday, that there are other groups besides 4-Fs—high school boys and girls and even newspapermen, for example—that could help with such work as harvesting.
“Regardless of'what measures are taken to insure participation by other groups," Hershey said in a speech at Providence, R. I. “there are measures which can be taken to insure that everyone between 18 and 45 who is physically capable of work does work.”
Yanks Blast Reich/ Hang Up Raid Mark
Sih frogs Withdraw at Cassinofa^
Gurkhas Give ... JI iBurma Battle
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, March 29.— AAP)—Indian Gurkha troops who had clung stubbornly to Hangman’s hill, an exposed knob just below the peak of Monastery hill overlooking Cassino, have been withdrawn, headquarters disclosed today as violent artillery a,nd mortar duels thundered in and around the town.
\t the same time Allied ^ photographic interpreters
ported that medium bomber* had rut all the rail lines from northern italy to the German frontline area.
By the Associated Press
Out of the obscure but important fighting in Burma and india emerged clear evidence today Allied airmen were playing an increasingly decisive" role—in offense, defense and supply.
Associated Press War I orrr-spondent William Boni reported from New Delhi that transport planes were now striving to supple no less than five separate Allied forces, variously engaged in halting the Japanese invasion of India or pressing their offensive against Myitkyina, principal enemy base in north-central Burma. These planes were serving not only as supply carriers but were evacuating wounded from fighting areas. The aerial pattern was even more obvious in the war against Japanese-held Islands in the Pacific roan. Over a 1.500-mile stretch
I, > , mmM
CASSINO IN RUINS AFTER BOMBARDMENT—Mechanized units of Ute Allied Fifth
army approach the battered buildings and ruins of Cassino, Italy, after the town took a ---- „ .....
terrific air and artillery pounding on March 15. Note Red Cross flags on jeeps in foreground nom Dutch New Guinea to Bou-
frontline area. ^ hU>h art rcady iQ evafuate wounded to rear. (AP Wirephoto). Bainville Americana and Austral-
Hangman s hill had been occupied •------------------------------------------ ians battered a dozen enemy bases
by the Gurkha troops for nearly
( iro weeks, and they could be fed Wnd supplied sufficiently univ by air. Withdrawal of New Zealander* from Hill 202 on the slopes of Monastery hill also was disclosed.
Tire strategic importance of the iao features was lost when the
general offensive against Cassino failed to dislodge the Germans, It was explained.
This. plus the difficulties of re-
Mercury Hits 24; Lease Suit to Freeze to Repeat federal Court
cold for tonight with the temperature dropping again to tile 25 degree region.
Laster bonnets were forgotten
Abilene Is slowly thawing out today after a blue norther swept over
^ .............. _ _ west Central Texas sending the
moving the wounded and bringing local thermometer tq 24 degrees
airdrome supplies made continued 5:30 a rn., the lowest reading jot morning while citizens worried
•Mention of tne high ground value- this rim of the year since 19J1 f«,i, c->h , n>»nn
less, headquarters officers said when the temperatuie tell to • • • degrees.
Allied heavy guns laid down a The next lowest recording for late
barrage on German positions in the March was in 193. v.hrn A bile mans
vicinity of the strongly defended caught unaware by a 26 degree
Continental hotel, smashing a Get’- freeze
Todays thaw is expected to be onl> a brief reprieve ainee
thse forecast for Abilene anil vicinity is generally fair and
with 292 tons of bombs. They hit Rabaul on New Britain, Wewak and Hama bay on New Guinea, Kavieng on New Ireland, and Bougainville in the Solomons.
The only attack not pressed from the air was a destroyer shelling of Pityilu island in the Admivaltys, which Americans now have virtual-
LONDON, March 29—(AP) —American Flying Fortresses plunged deep into central Germany today and Liberators pounded the Pas-de-Ca* lais coastal arca of Fiance in the campaign described officially as “aimed primarily against the Luftwaffe on the ground and in the air.”
it was this month's lith great assault by the I’. S. bombers, a new monthly record In the offensive which IT.-Gen. James ll. Doolittle announced last
night had destroyed more than 2,D>0 German planes in the la*t eight weeks. This toll was taken by American airmen flying from Britain alone.
Fighter escorts accompanied the Fortresses into central Germany.
The double-barreled strike as alas! Germany and France followed a
lashing of four airdromes in France — • •• *• - j- awag. ... * • • r*. K(„, Tuesday bv 250 to 500 American
VENIAMANOF ERUPTS AGAIN—A Naval Air Transput bomtjerg
Service officer made this picture of the new eruption of ...
000-foot Veniamanof volcano in the Aleutian Islands. The The German target were ot
I ♦ • tor its I .St maior emotion in IOT.) identified, but the preliminar n-
volcano is active again after its last major t r i piton " 1■ n.,uncrm,,nt from u s headquar
caused the evacuation of the town of Perryville. (AI Mire photo from U. S. Navy). _
• ii j-* mil VV niU Ii Aillt I Iv. a1 to HVT vs
Legalities in the Camp Barkeley j. under tfieir thumb
land-lease controversy, involving
payments of almost $18,000 to
landowners or certificate holders of
. . .___- i surplus funds now held trustees,
about damage to lruit and victoiy *
gardens. Elmo Cook, county agent, will be transferred to United States said Wednesday morning that it court, l()4th District Judge Owen
Thomas, ruled this moi lung.
^fPian ’roop concentration forming up near the ruins of the hostelry. German multi-barrel guns, with tank artillery supporting, hammered at Hill 193.
French troop also smashed an-
«her small assault on Hill 915, hich they are holding.
Allied artillery scattered a German infantry formation taking positions for an attack three miles west of ( isterna in the beachhead below Rome. An-• ti-aircraft batteries downed four out of 25 air raiders and Spitfire patrols destroyed three more. All of the Germans bombs fell into the sea without hitting any ships.
Ailed planes flew more than I.
Lotief for Slap At GOR Helpers
AUSTIN. March 29.— P -Cecil Lotief of Rotan, a member of the
was a little early to tell whether the fruit trees had been victims of the
“A 24-degree temperature is pretty close to the deadline,” he warned and expressed nttljj hope for .survival of fruit when informed the temperature had registered below 30 early Tuesday afternoon to rise and fall again at 2:30 a. rn.
( ook was more optimistic about the vegetable gardens, saving that those composed of spinach, onions, beets and English peas were hearty enough to survive better than Irish potatoes, beans and peas (other than English peas).
Twenty four Japanese planes of a bomber-escorted force were destroyed by Allied fighters in a running battle over north Burma. In the first air action against Et. Gen. Joseph Stilwell* C hinese American forces driving from north Burma, a Japanese bomber strafed an American airport. Damage was small.
Boni reported nearly all the dive and tighter bombers available were being thrown into Hie fight to halt the Japanese drives into India, the most serious of which appeared to be a double movement against Im-phal and Kohima.
The ground lighting in this region remained obscure, with latest Ailed reports crediting the enemy with
Red Army 30 Miles From Czech Border
The motion, entered by Ernest Walter Wilson, one of the landowner defendants, was approved by Judge Thomas on the grounds that the suit involved government money, many defendants now serving in the armed forces, and money in excess of $3,000.
Judge Thomas had had tile petition under advisement since last Friday alter argument on its merits by a battery of lawyers repre- rcjJWUB ..... — --------
seining the trustees, landowners J determined assaults to break Brit and certificate holders. ^ ijnes guarding the tmphal-
* * * I Kohima rdad. Two other Japanese
The suit originated when the coiumn>s headed toward Imphal
By The Associated Press
Russian troops have captured Kolomea on the Lwow-Czernow itz railway in an ll mile advance southeast toward Czechoslovak}!. Premier Marshal Stalin an&ouix eel
Lad Loses Fight Against Disease
DALLAS. March 29.—(UP)—Lit
nouncement from U. S headquarters said “Today’s attacks followed two days of bombings of luftwaffa airfields in France where the Germans did not put up serious aerial defense.”
Berlin assert.d that t iolent air combats were bring fought over northwestern Germany by midday.
One broadcast declared “several enemy aircraft were brought down shortly after the enemy had flown over the Belch frontier."
Berlin first reported bombers over central Germany, and said they were over northwest Germany on their flight outward
Doolittle the commander of th* U. S. Eighth air force in Britain declared that more than 37,000 tons
Fruit growers at Clyde however, state Democratic executive commit- said they believed the crop had
The four-year-old boy finally sue -
federal government paid the H us- j wpre being contained. Adm Lord I We Billy Meers, disease
tees, C. W. Gill. Malcolm Meek Louus Mountbatten’s headquarters to overcome an mc in. I
ranc executive commit* said mey ocnevea me crop imu ’ u . ci"r»4-,r> inure , \ aroused the sympathy of the au
tre, said It- lad prepared for intro- (been killed tor all trees in bloom thajj ^ lease8 COht for the camp- ^Radio Tokyo boasted its forces . Won, died today,
. .. dilation a* ire committee’s session -peaches peals and plums most- sjtp Accordlng to the original pe- were wiping out British-American j
)0 sorties yesterday, shooting down today r re elution • condemning per- ly. Apples, however, tad no tilU)n in (jK, cdUse< the trustees airborne troops in north-central
total of 13 enemy craft against sons holding office elected as Dem- bloomed, except foi a very e\\, asked the court's direction as to Burma. ‘There was no confirming
loss of IO. About 40 German ocrats for making speeches in be- ann should be ^undamaged.^ ^ ^ whom and m what manner the Allied report.
vegetable** with ^exception of Hag-J1*** •*£!!?* that thp ! --
lira sr*come" z
kolomea, a mountain town, is the eastern gateway to the Carpathian passes leading into Czechoslovakia and Hungary. _ .. .
The Germans said the Russians I of bombs arere rain'd down on tcntefp* in'an ordo! of the day Ko- . had cm od the Prut into Rumania Germany and occupied territory by tomes is 30 rn des northeast of the proper and were repulsed at the key j the Americans 1
..... - - - rail center of Iasi <Ja.*syi, 170 miles that 16 major aircraft or plan*
1 from tin Ploesti oil field* The one- j parts factories had been destroyed
my also said Kovel in old Poland ! or severely damaged since Feb 20.
These terrific blows. Doolittle said, were delivered bv an “invading force" of 170,000 men of the 8th and 9th air forces who
fought some of the fiercest air
battles of the war and “are prepared for even greater ones if they come.”
Two American bombers and three fighters failed to return from raids directed against Chartres. 40 miles southwest of Parrs: Chatenudun, 30
north-central i cumbed tochron-
planes vac re sighted over the battle Gall 1)1 Republican c mdUates.
Lotief named no names
By a vote of 25 to ll Austin won the May 23 convention site over San Antonio
Myron Blalock of Marshall, dom-
^8 Trucks Begin City
Clean-Up Collection , r„mm,,tee t0un™ m. ,u;i,.
As a part of the rlean-up drive line with the party in the Novem- gpr
BOND BOX SCORE
Wichita Falls, WU h a minimum — - n v tovvartj obtain- fcincc Pear1 Harbor
I'niperature of 2j this morning, ex- >DU„‘S ......... <nr March anoia
also the certificate holders icon-
ocratic national committeeman for ‘ peTt^Tlw'fruir’crop to be a*"total *n« the < asKed lnr I
Texas, later urged the state exe- h0ss with heavy damage to victory bursement.______
$16,637,45* M $ . 231,700.00 S 198,990.50
See WEATHER, I’g. 9, Cal. 6
.- — ----- --- Big Spring likewise reported a
opened officially Monday 18 ber general election for national totai i0,,s to fruit and said early
Truck- began eolecting trash and candidates.’’
waste material from Abilene streets “I believe in putting the be.*t today. man in office regardless of party
Six of tire trucks are being fur- but I also believe along with Gov-nlshed by Camp Barkeley and are t ernor Hogg (former Texas govern-ririven by men stationed there. ort that *hc lies! men are Demo-
« Abilenlans are urged to collect Crats,” Blalock told members of the ie waste and place it in a con- committee.
fainer or piles near street curbs.--------
The trucks began on the first Tnn ^nlr»<
alley east of Pine, running north lag JUies
and west to the city limits. Other Hi! Weeks Low
territory to be covered during the
■'Jhnpaign includes that between The sajr c 1944 license plates
the first alley west of Chestnut and jn Taylor county hit a weeks low
FASHIONABLE SUSPECT NABBED BY FBI IN‘GARDENIA MURDER’
ic nephritis jaundice and the complications resulting from the two discases.
Billy had been in Baylor hospital since january, Repeatedly he was given blood palsma and during the last lew days “whole
urrounded, placing the Red
army 1^0 miles from Warsaw and I 33 miles from the Cunion line
ft # ♦
In BttcoVina, the Reds were in the outskirts of t icrnowiti ((’emailti). Forty miles to the northeast, the escape corridor of a E4(HI square mite German death trap was narrowed to 15 miles.
As the Russians knifed deeper ------- -------
into Erssarabia and Bucovina, the mues farther southwest, Reims, to
official Moscow newspaper Izvestia , miles northeast and Dijon, .60 miles
invited Rumania and Bulgarian to .southeast of Pans. join the “Democratic countries" or Doolittle, who made his dusc.os-
I pave their lands turned into battle- Ui*es in a speech broadcast to ’ae
sian Tass agency ; national press club in Washington, siege had been pro- p c., said that “the goal cf stra-
Ploesti oil fields tegic bombing was, and still is, th*
were removing all destruction of Germany s vita I war
Helds. Hie RU s.1 id a state <>! c bullied on tis1 where the Na/. stored oil.
ULI’ VR I MI NI OI • OMMl RC t VVI V I III ll Bl Kl VI
NEW YORK, March 29—(AP —
Roger Lewis Gardner. 26, a liand-
n r \ 1 ii 1 n r> i iv i it ...
abilene and Vicinity—Lair and cold some, six-foot Kentuckian ciescriQ-lt>iugh! Tempierature 25 to JO degree!, j h .bp cmr aS a ij.an of many Thursday fan and not quite so cold |
east texas Partly cloudy; colder aliases who had cut a cross-country
south and extreme ea*t portion- this trail victimizing women, was ar-. -----—
afternoon, fair, not quite so <old ex- , . , rftnnw.*lnn with Los with a man identified ax Paul
treme northwest temperatures 25 JO J rested tOda in connection waul uus
tiamfustons” were administered the boy.
At one time 180 pints of plasma were donated by soldiers at Cha* nute field, III. for his Use, aud w<re flown to Dallas in an army bombers.
Billy averaged two plasma transfusions daily during his illness, and in all received 352 pints of the life 1 (> giving fluid.
Today he was too weak for a transfusion, and shortly beton IO
Meet the Quota' Bond Leader Asks
uiuuur, IU,,-,, I ne s>aie I ion meuoe limit'.' trer.„, northwest temperatures 25 30 resieatooa maline . “‘.‘“r , . I hil, Al vie Merr- of tithe first alley west of Chestnut and rn Taylor countv hit a weeks low | north and wen central ann 28.32 c,.-t Angeles’ “Gardenia murder last before -he was muna .lam. «
the south and west cit, limits, and ,hte mornlng with scarcely over IOO "ga,summer. , It.ve.Uy.tton, the fBI believed Rd
all of the business and residential tagS issued. the en*,t .net 'n the mo Grande sane. Apprehended in a fashionable I cia cd Mils man a..o a • niasma than
oast Pinr ineluriine ACC efiomnnn Aver I non toniBlit Thursda> fair and warmed. ,, hi I HT Hcenls. af Grant Wvett Terry, Uhaei leo- _ ; ’
Yesterdav afternoon over 1,000 tonight Thursda> l..ir and warmed
A ^ , .. . .. diminishing winds.
buyers crowded the tax collector s i west texas Fair this afternoon,
office in the only buying spurt Of tonight and Thursday not so cold to-
., night and Thursday,
the month. Maximum temperature last 24 hours
Today noon’s total stood at 7,800 5c .
Minimum temperature last 24 hours
district east of Pine, including ACC hill.
fcounty Pioneer Is Seriously III
BUFFALO GAP, March 20—Mrs.
M. T. Butt hee, Unconscious since p suffered a stroke Monday, was ought today to be growing weaker. Attendant said there was no
h°One of Taylor county’s earliest anese Foreign Minister Ma morn settlers, she had been an invalid Shigemitsu had conferred 'nth for more than a vear, but her con- German Ambassador H 0 i n r 1 c n jltion vias not critic# until Mon- , Georg Stainer yesterday on the I I “international situation.
with approximately 7,000 additional plates to be sold in the next two ! and one-half days.
Jap, Nazi Confer
NEW YORK. March 29— P-—The Tokyo radio said today that Jap-
A M Hour P M
SO- I 2 ll 4
25 53— IT
25 54—- 7
2<i 52- 8
si 49 a
31 29 52
fmind on a golf course, a crushed gardenia beneath it. She had been beaten to death.
The FBI said Los Angeles police _________
had learned Mrs. Murray had been | o’clock this morning Billy dieci
With him was his mother. Mrs of Seymour, Texas.
attendants said Billy had received
Apprehended iii a fashionable j closed inn‘ ! ""“d^"fed- more plasma than any other human
midtown apartment by FBI agents, j as Gian Wvett Ttn>, •• suffering from his particular dis-
he was held technically on a charge elal investigation for posing as an suffering irom v
of impersonating federal ollicers. attorney for the War departments ea* j ______
The FBI aid Gardner, a I axing- land* division. • p|n;m Rnnfs,
ton. K‘. re. idem had passed him- A thumbprint of Ion . on a Na HS UlOini DOOTS
self off at various time as an FBI drivers license application com-
Tu Mon nian. OPA tnvc titrator W’ar de- pared witii that of Gardner in the
quart* miles of southern Russia proper remained in German hand* and Odessa wa* Hie core of this salient,
Odessa is Russia s seventh largest city and it lies 75 miles west of Nikolaev, whirl! fell yester-dav to a combined land and (ca operation.
Berlin .everted that Konev’s army 11, 'ch* ti along tin the Prut liver
Rum-ma, had c*T»u”Vui»c^ *1 total of"*198.990.50 to the quota of
non city of I 1 bn' neither the $231,700 for March.
Huv 1.1/communique nor front dis-1 "The committee doesn t want to
'n'-1., < infirmed th;, report of fall down, and there are^boysJight*
With the end of March in sight,
_____ . !c. M Caldwell, county war bond
v,,v . ... I bank ot i chairman, today urged men and amildar, line of old J women ol Abilene and Iaylor coun-■ roused that .stream ty to bring the present March sales
Sunk Near Dieppe
Iou,,, invasion of AXU tag .U over the worid Wt.0 .re de-i pending on the folk.- a- home to
_ 1 support them by buying bonds,”
Caldwell said. "Don’t complain; just I buy bonds."
He expressed confidence that the county would meet its goal. “But we NKW YORK, March 29 T’>— pave failed, and we don't want to
British radio, in a broadcast heard do it again."
’ in CBS said today that the Brit- J -The thing is, buy F F and G
1 i*h government is p la unit'4 to im* bond* right now to *|at us out or
pose shortly a “temporary ban on danger,” Caldwell said _
,ome newspapers to ^
British Put Ban on Newspaper Exports
* >5* part men* agent and federal at* J FBI files, the government agent ^LONDON. ^29^ r- Or- ti, ' h Til ai iii- Hopkins Undergoes
ii? I t0He'has been convicted of num- Yesterday, tne FBI said a re- tUgh\Utmk^nCgd^m\md ^“Th^ban will not apply to morn-
31 «8 erous crimps, the FBI added, and port was received here that a man Dieppe la*it. ms . (hp Bf,r_ ing ^pers. but evenings and prov-
I s 1 I “8a “ atToZ0’hi | SU ^ ^untSS | (,^ Hopkins, a. pr^ntial
ai 55 I obtained $1,500 from two women, recorded by the Associatedness, ^ thp Rntlf.h enU)lre and adv
Surgery in Clinic
ROCHESTER, Mum., March 29
35 46—10-- 31 52
38 42— ll - 31 50
41 38 12 - 31 51
Sunnsr tln> morning ........ 7 31
Sunset tonight .....................1 j7
The Los Angeles slaying oc-curred last July 27 when Mrs. Ora Murray’! nude body was
As-s(*;iatted Prf^ Xr nan the British empire and 1 adviser underwent an due ration to-Photographs of Gardner were iden-I There was no ‘ I thp Unitcd States," the broadcast day at St, Mary’s hospital, the Mayo
titled, the FBI added, and agents 1 mat$»n of^ the reports action Dom clinic announced.
Bi Ui ■