Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 28, 1954, Abilene, Texas
Chilene toorter -Betoii
VOL. LXXIII, No. 285A»ociated Pre„ (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 28, 1954-FlFTY-TWO PAGES IN FIVE SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc
‘No High Crime’"‘e signs oas
Bill, Favors Stale Control
Says of Charges
WASHINGTON. March 27 <,4^-Son. Mundt (R-SD) said today that as of now "no high crime against the government” is involved in the charges exchanged by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and top Army of-iicials.
Mundt temporarily has taken over from McCarthy as chairman of the Senate Investigations subcommittee while it probes the row.
The subcommittee had hoped to start televised public hearings next week, but Jtlundt told newsmen he did not see how this would be possible since efforts to obtain a special counsel to handle the investigation have been unsuccessful so far.
Hard to Understand
In a statement he said that it was difficult to understand "the almost feverish interest of reporters and publications” in the controversy, adding he had seen nothing like it since the Alger Hiss case.
“Nobody on either side alleges In their current charges of ‘intimidation,’ ‘blackmail,’ ‘favoritism,’ ‘interference’ and what - not.” Mundt said, ‘‘that the individuals on either side of the controversÿ yielded to such allied pressures and propositions.”
Mundt, in trying—as he phrased It—to put the controversy "in i‘s proper perspective,” said that "no high crime against the government” like treason, di.sloyalty or corruption is involved in the dispute.
"Involved here at worst,” he said, "are misconduct and misrepresentation by one or more individuals connected with the .Army or the Senate committee or both but, unless perjury is subsequently committed in sworn testimony before our committee, no crime punishable by law is now charged or indicated.”
McCarthy himself recently referred to the dispute as “a silly squabble” between Roy M. Cohn,
chief counsel of his invcstigatiors subcommittee, and John G. Adams. Army counselor.
He also has called the row' "a tempest in a teapot” that was diverting the subcommittee from what he called its job of rooting out any Communists and their defenders in the government.
The controversy grew' out of an Army report charging that McCarthy, and more particularly Cohn, had put the pressure on the Army to win favored treatment for G. David Schine, a former unpaid subcommittee consultant who was drafted as a private last November.
Both McCarthy and Cohn denied the charge, and McCarthy flung back the counter-charge that the Army report was an attempt to "blackmail” him into halting what he has described as a subcommittee probe of “coddling” of Communists in the Army.
GOP Leaders Call For Farm Program That 'They Can Sell'
SKIRT BUT NO OWNER IN SIGHT
CHICAGO (^—In the Windy City, this happened yesterday:
A black taffeta skirt sailed down Michigan Avenue and was fielded by a Conrad Hilton hotel doorman. Its owner was nowhere in sight.
Gusts of 84 miles an hour were recorded at Midway airport and steady winds of 43 miles an hour.
OMAHA. March 27 (.?i—Republican leaders from 14 states steered wide of the .McCarthy controversy today and called on Congress for a farm program "we all can go out and sell,”
The Midwest and Rocky Mountain Republican State Chairmen’s .Assn.. in a strategy meeting, agreed after their two-day workshop "If we can get out the farm vote w'e will win the congressional elections this year.” The conference did not attempt to tell Congress what kind of a farm program to write.
State chairmen were willing to talk individually about the controversy between Sen, Joseph McCarthy (R-\Vis) and top Army officials but stuck to their pre-conference predidions that talk about McCarthy wouldn’t be permitted to sidetrack the strategy meetings.
The strongest comment came from National Republican Chairman 1,/eonard W. Hall, who addressed the chairmen last night. He made no menaon of McCarthy in his speech, but said earlier in an interview McCarthy “has done more harm than good” in his row’ W'ith the Army and his "Senate effectiveness has diminished in recent weeks.”
WASHINGTON. March 27 (.4’' — President Eisenhower reasserted his preference for state over federal controls "wherever possible” in signing a bill today banning federal regulation of pipeline carriers transporting natural gas wifh-in a state’s boundaries.
The legislation, hotly contested in Congress for nearly a year, delegates to state regulatory com-rhissions the authority now held by the federal governor over gas rates and services.
The bill was passed by the House last summer and by the Senate on March 15. Sen. Burke (D-Ohio), a leading opponent, contended during Senate debate it would cost consumers millions of dollars by placing some distributors under state regulation instead of under the Federal Power Commis.sion (FPC).
Never Was Intended Sen. Bricker (R-Ohio) replied that Congress, in passing the natural gas act 14 years ago, never intended the FPC should regulate utilities within state lines, but a 19.50 Supreme Court decision in an east Ohio gas case threw doubt on this policy,
.Apparently mindful of the division of opinion in Congress, the President issued a statement saying he .signed the bill today because of his conviction that the interests of the individual citizen will be "better protected when they remain under state and local control than when they are regulated or controlled by the federal government.”
"I shall support state regulation of functions and matters which are primarily of local' concern whenever possible and when not contrary to the national interest,” he said *
The president said the new law will preserve FPC authority to regulate rates charged for natural gas moving in interstate commerce up to the time it reaches the state in which it will be wholly consumed.
At the same time, he added. It will remove from federal regulation "per55Dns and facilities receiving gas within or at the boundary of a state if all of the natural gas so received is to be used within that state.”
To Indochina Urged
WHO IS IT?
Parents Find Smashed Body Noi Their Son
Iranian's Home In London Raided
LONDON <,4’'—Iranian Ambassador Ali Soheili’s borne was raided during the night by burglars who made off with furs, gold coins and money worth about $6,000.
The ambassador arrived In London only 15 days ago.
GAS INDUSTRY ON SPOT
Minimum Gas Price Bills To Set off Blast at Austin
By KATHARYN DUFF
Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTLN, March 2. — The Texas gas industry will be on the Legislative spot next week.
A three - point tax bill scheduled for floor debate Monday includes a production tax hike from the present 5.72 per cent to 9.06 per cent on natural gas. Also com-
Such bills draw’ bitter opposition
DALLAS, Tex.. March 27 1.4’!— | Herman R. Smith. 23, whose par-1 ents had planned to bury the | wrong body, learned of it today j and cried, "ril bet Mom nearly | dropped. God, what a .shock.” | The big red-headed Korean War i veteran from Miami Beach, Fla., said he never imagined a body might be found in hi.s .stolen car. The victim of a Chickasha, Okla., automobile crash 'luesday was identified from papers »s Smith and the body sent to Florida. The real victim may have been Smith’s onetime roommate, Mathew Francis Grady, about 34.
Car Stolen When the startled Smith regained bis composure, he hurried to telephone his mother.
"Well, my car got stole,” he told her.
"Thank GikI you called” his mother said. It was the first she had heard from her son in two weeks and the first direct Infor-1 mation that he was alive.
She urged him to come home, but Smith argued.
"Everything I got was in that car,” he pleaded. ‘I’ll have to get another stake.’’
But In the end he said, "Okay, I’ll come home.”
"She was really shook,’’ he said later. "I could tell.”
2 New Suits The bizarre story of the wrong body began Tuesday night w'hen Smith’s friend; Grady, a hitchhiker he had picked up near Houston, disappeared. Smith’s car also was gone. In It were two new suits, his discharge paper.s from a year ago, and a Japane.se sword souvenir he had brought back from a l.'i-months lour in Korea.
Smith reported the theft of his 1941 Cadillac to police here. But be did not telephone his mother and father. They are Mr. and Mrs. H.M. Smith, who left Lewes, Del., one year ago to move to Miami Beach.
The youth said he did not want to worry them.
I'he car was found near Chickasha. It spun off a curve and smashed into the back of a truck. The mangled corpse found in the wreckage was sent to Smith’s parents.
The shocked parents, afraid to ook at the remains, did not inspect the corpse. Finally, a 15-year-old brother showed pictures to the morticians and established
SENTENCED TO DIE—M/Sgt. Maurice L. Schnick, 29, right, World War II purple heart veteran from Cannons-burg, Pa., is led away by a military policeman after hearing a court martial panel of three generals and four colonels convict him of premeditated murder and sentence him to death. Schnick was accused of strangling to death Susan Rothschild. 9, daughter of an American army colonel at a Army housing area south of Toyko last Nov. 21. The trial
House Committee Hits Appeasement
WASHINGTON. March 27 (/P)—A House Foreign Affairs subcommittee called todav for accelerated American military aid to Indochina and said any allied attempt to seek a truce there means “appeasement equivalent to an Indochine.se
The sulKommittee, reporting on a 30.000-mile far Eastern study trip, recommended internationalizing and continuing the Indochina conflict under the United Nations. The French
have opposed this. ... j r- u
The congres.smen also pronosed that American and French
authorities “vigorously ex- ~
plore” methods to improve the morale of native Allied troops and to speed their military
Chairman Judd (R-Minni told a news ronference that if Indochina developments brought a French call for American troops "it would require the gravest consideration by the executive branch and the Whole Congress.” ^ ♦
The subcommittee Implied that the April 26 Geneva conference on Indochina and Korea would be a stalemate or would profit the Communists. Other members are reps. Marguerite Stitt Church (R-IID. Adair (H-lnd) and Zablocki (1) WUL
"The moment is quickly approaching.*’ the repiirt said, "when the rising tide of communism could engulf Asia.
"The Communist danger can not be overestimated. Delay and indecision operate to the advantage of the Communlats.
. . It la the security, even the survival, of the free world that Is threatened m Asia.’’
The subcommittee made these other general observations after a
vl.sit to 10 countries last
took place in a small, bare, whitewashed courtroom in Toyko.
The sentence is subject to review. _
3 Killed in Highway Accidents
1. The United States and the fr^e world lack "a clear and firm IKillcy” on Asia and need to draft one quickly because "time is running out . . , whm construct!-, e policies and measures can be undertaken."
2. I’resldent Eisenhower should give Americans all |K>ssible information atwnit the .situation that is not barred bv security conslden-tions, including "the unpleasant facts."
3. The United States should continue opposing recognition of Rid China or it.s admi.ssion to the U.N. The subcommittee said it was "unable to discover any benefit that recognition could bring to us or to any other nation in the frcn world” but “admission to the U.N. would be a .smashing victory for world communism. . . .”
4, The "Communist threat to Jil^pan, both from within and without. 18 more .'.crlous than realized . . but U.S. troops should be withdrawn from .lapan as soon as the Japanese have their own forces and .\merican military headquarters then moved to Korea or Okinawa.
5. fled Chinn dominates Asia and "the ino.st feasible cour.se open to us is to carry on a constant and simultaneous combination of pressures from within and without in order to intensify the Internal problems of the Chinese Communist regime and to give encouragement to those outside.”
claimedi by Boggus Funeral Home of Min-the lives of three West Texans] eral Wells.
Two traffic accidents
from companies which buy gas— gas in a given field.
tors which determine the value of j victim was not Smith.
from companies such as Ixme i g. p,ice fixing would void con-
S^ar, pipeline companies and from
heavv industrial users such as electric utility companies, and some industries, all of whom want to buy gas as cheaply as possible. Both sides have been pouring
tracts made in good faith.
their arguments into the ears
Arguments For Bills !
Those w ho want minimum prices . on gas advance these arguments, | among others — |
1. Much Texas gas was contract-,
Explosion Rips Port Arthur Plan!
ing up for hearing is a‘bill to test Texas la
the constitutionality of a dedication tax on gas.
Then, Monday night public hearings are set on two bills designed to set minimum prices on natural gas.
The price bills promise some fireworks. You can get different predictions on chance.s for them this session. They have been lost causes before, but several legislators think "this Ls the time.” Others believe price - fixing hasn’t got the steam generated this session to push through.
Challengt Certain One thing is pretty certain. Gas price bills will probably be challenged somewhere along the way as not being included in tlie gyv-ernor’s call, and therefore not subjects of a special session. (The governor did make a passing mention of minimum gas prices as a conservation measure in his mes-aage. He made no mention of it in his official notices to meml>ers of the special session.' An effort was made when the bills were set in the Oil and Gas Commitee of the House to postpone hearings until a ruling could be received. Committee Chairman Joe Pyle of Fort Worth declined to rule on the matter. If he doe.sn’t rule, the first contest on it will probably be before Speaker Reuben Senterfitt.
Two minimum price bills have , been tossed in. One by Rep. Rob- j ert Patten of Jasper would set a statew ide minimum price at 7 I cents per 1,000 cubic feet. The oth-1 [ er, by Rep. Jack Bryan of Buffalo ^ Is due to rally more support. It'PL would apecifically give the Rail- i road Commission power to fix; minimum gas prices on a field-to-lield basis as a conservation measure.
Royalty Owners In Favor Royaly owners, those owners of
t[as waUe who art tied up with ong-term contracts which often art at the rata gas was worth years ego, support minimum price •ttMifla. __
Those who oppose minimum gas prices present many reasons fpr their .stand, including these—
1. Minimum prices would “make the rich richer,” increasing automatically gas wealth.
2. Any price fixing is “bad” and dangerous.
3. A "minimum” might cut some present prices, .^nd. minimum now might mean maximum later.
oU ed when it was cheap, so prices PORT ARTHUR. March 2
paid Texas producers now’ vary An explosion ripped the big Tex-
from around 3 cents to around 20 . aco Refinery here tonight and set
cents. I off a spectacular fire.
2. Pipelines in many cases hold a Highway Patrol Capt. C.O.
monolopy. You sell it to the com- Lay^e said there w’cre no casual-pany with the pipeline to your gas-
well — or else. There’s no choice' ' ‘ ,,, , * * i
r h - ' Roadblocks were set up to keep
° 3. Sas gas reserves are being ¡ the curious away from the area.
depleted. Since Texas gas is much cheaper tlian other fuels, it pours out of Texas to run industries in plant.
The explosion reportedly occurred in a high octane unit at the
4, Many gas purchase contracts other states, have been revamped, bringing the 4_ There's a threat Uiat, if the prices down to date.
5. There’re great economic fac- See Gas Price, Pg. 5-A, Col. 2 & 3
Borkley to Run For Senate Again
operator at the plant said "So far, 1 have had no ambulance calls.”
The operator said she could give no details other than that the blast occurred in the west part of the sprawling oil refinery.
The explosion lef off a fire. “All of the officials are at the fire,” the operator said.
Often termed “Mr. Democrat” and noted for his strenuous election campaigns, Barkley .said in his statement;
“When 1 retired from public life a year ago, I had no intention or is entering the race this vear, not i desire ever to return to it. Mrs.
to Rratlfy a per-] Barkley and n'V family stood »cou.iy, tu,n„. , sonal ambition me on this attitude. j coWfr m u»e nunhancue «nd south puin-, >
hut due to “ur-i “.Since then requests from the, i:«st »i.d south Ci-nuiii TeR*»: p«iiiy ; iont and t,in- people o( Kentucky that.I become 1'„I“«.--.»‘i,'!,
PADUCAH, Ky.. March 27 (J’'— Former Vice President Alben W. Barkley announced tonight he w’ill seek to regain his scat in the United States Senate.
The 76-year-old Barkley said he
DKPARTMKST OF CO.M.MFRCK HEATMKR BIRFAV
ABILENE AND VICINITY — MoiUy fleur «nd mild Sunday and Monday. Hiith tempirralure boUi daya near 80 denree*. Low Sunday Dl«ht in Ute middle 50».
NorUi Central Texas: Partly cloudy,
mild Sunday and turning cooler In north-weM Dortlon Monday.
W’eKt Texas Oenerally fair and mild
Saturday. The mishaps occurred | Funeral services for Johnson will near Ranger and Stamford. ; be Sunday at 3 p. m. in the Chand-
Dead were Jefferson l.ec John- ler l-uneral Home chapel with the son, 39, of Spur; George Cooper, Rev E. J. I^e. P«»or of Bethel 51. of Stamford: and L. K. De-
Bose. 36. of Judd and Ennis. i Burial will be in Spur Cgme-
Odell Smith, 43. of Stamford was al.so seriously Injureti in the accident in which Cooper and DeBose were fatally injured.
Johnson was killed instantly Saturday at 12:15 a. m. when his 1954 Chrysler struck a bridge three miles ea.st of the Strawn cutoff on U. S. Highway 180.
Cooper and DeUose died at Stamford Sanitarium several hours after tlu? pick-up in which they were riding with Smith failed to make a curve on U. S. Highway 277 at about 7:40 a. m.
Cooper died at 11:15 a. m., and DeBose at about 2:30 p. m. Smith w'as still in serious condition Saturday night with two broken leg.s.
Pick-up Rolls Over "'he accident occurred about three - fourths of a mile south of Stamford. With the exception of the top, the 1947 Studebaker pickup truck in which the trio were riding was not badly damaged, investigating Highway Patrolman Billy Davis said. It rolled over one an one-half times.
Patrolman Arthur Dy.son, and City Policemen Denton Black and Doc Plant also Investigated the Stamford accident.
Investigating officers said that Johnson apparently went to sleep while driving since his car collided with the west end of the bridge, turning sideways. He was headed east at the time.
Auto Demollihed The accident blocked traffic for more than an hour. The car was completely demolished.
Johnson’s body Chandler Funeral Home at Spur
Born Feb. 28, 1915, Johnson had
Specie I Session rourdup .... 8
WTCC convention........ 9
SECTION B Ballet . .
C'ty Hall Beot Heritage Doy$
History of Abilene ...... 7
Book Page ........
Business Outlook . . . Amusements
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Fashionably Speaking SECTION 0
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Church news .......... 10
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7 .7 8, 9, 10
lived in Dickens County since 1932 i He married Mrs. Bonnie Bilberry • Baber of Spur in 1952.
Other survivors include a stepdaughter, Sandra Ann Baber; his mother. Mrs, Thelma Johnson of Spur: his father, W. J. Johnson of Ardmore, Okla.; a brother, Bruce Johnson of Fort Worth; and his grandp rents, Mrs. Lillie Gibson and I. L. Gibson, both of Spur.
Pallbearer» will be Howard Fitz
Dulles' Sirong Policy Backed By Eisenhower
WASHINGIXJN. March 27 uf!— President Eisenhower reportedly
gerald, Nick Nichols, Dempsey endorsed today strong policy state-Slms Jr.. L. L. Hunt, Paul , meats on the Indochina crisis and
man. and C. W. Proctor. the Chinese Communist nonrecog-
Funeral for Cooper will be held _ secretary of
Sunday at 4 p. m. at the state Dulles has drafted for public
Church of Christ In Stamford. Riv declaration Monday night, bj-rt II. Horn, minister, will ofll-^ „3,^
I, It 111 K 1„ .W« r-m i ment.s, officials said, should be to
Burial will be remove the question of recognition
etery under the direction of Kin- 3,^^ diplomatic
ney Funeral Home. cf.,mfnrfS bargaining at the April 26 Geneva
c ooper hda lived in blamfori * ^3^ as the United
since 1925 and had states is concerned,
for almost 20 years by .Mrs. lOna)
High the Florist.
Dulles clearly has decided to go into the Korean and Indochincs®
11,. morrird tho fornoor^
brother, Ernest Cooper of Anson.
and a sister. Mrs. Nellie Bayne of Burkburnet.
DeBose’s body was to be shipped to Ennis where his family lives. He was at Judd on a temporary job,
No survivors or funeral arrangements were available for DeBose.
Cut To Six Weeks
1, The American view’ that Red China’s record of aggression in Korea and its support of aggre^ Sion In Indochina afford no basis whatever for considering recognition and United Nations membership. Dulles does not accept this view; powerful U. S. Senate elements are even more strongly opposed.
2. That the saving of Indochina from total Communist conquest is of vital importance to the United States and the free world generally and that this country will react vigorously—at places and by means not disclosed—against any direct intervention by Red Chines® troops in Indochina.
An Eastertime Strip
AUSTIN. March 27 OP—Because ‘ It is not possible to predict ac-
A tbe drought is causing unemploy-1 curately the farm labor situ.'*‘i'>n
‘ ment, the Texas Employment Com-) for the next few weeks,
mission will certify to the need "At present. It looks as if local j for Mexican national labor for only people will be available for a lot the minimum six-week period, of work that would ordinarily have |
Chairman Weldon Hart announced to be cfone by Mexlcah nation-s
Commissioner Race Goes Into Runoff
a candidate for the United States | bfcommK
BARKLEY •nding months
from the people Senate this year have been so ur of Kentucky. | gent and .sincere I have felt com-Barkley, who j pelled earnestly to consider left the Senate in ' them. . .
Barkley, beaten ju.st once during a political career dating back to 1905, likely will face Sen. John Sherman Cooper in the Nov, 2 election. Cooper Is the only Republican elected senator from Kentucky since the mid-1920’s.
Neither candidate is expected to have aerioua party opposition for
1948 when elected vice president on the Democratic ticket with former President Truman. Issued a brief typewritten statement long speculation
8x1 A M. 46
45 . , .
45 ... 44 . . .
44 . . .
41 . .. 48 ... 51 ... 58 .., 88 ... 88
»uuUi«*rl.v M iftdsv T1 Ml’t RATI Kl.»
a :io a 30 4 JO 53Ü 8 10 1 30 8 30 8:30 10 30 11:30 la 30
. 73 7»
The new policy will become effective Monday.
TEC previously has certified the need for laborers from Mexico for contract periods up to six months, with farmers guaranteeing three-fourths of the contract. This meant
that If a Texas give all of us more time to study Both men are from .\nson.
ceros under a six-month contract!" « k
But a good rain would change tlie whole picture overnight.
ANSON. March 27. — A special
election here Saturday to name a commissioner of Jones County
Hart said TEC wants “to do all | Precinct 4 developed into a runoff we can to protect iioth the farmers between two of the six candidates, who need workers and the Texas j Touchstone, w hose 340
citizens who are out of work. 1 votes was 10 short of a majority "The six-weeks contract is. in needed for election, will oppo-s® effect, a ‘mark time’ measure to Herman Steele, who polled 169.
and then found he did not need them that long, he still had to pay
wb«th®r he would again enter a political rat®.
Hlah k'ad iô« t»mper»tum for 14 Soart tndod kt 8:3« p m 78 kwl 43 High and low tetnporttur«» lam« dat® la»t ytar: 74 and 13.
Baaswt laat nicht 8.58 p ». euvua tw-
have aerioua party opposition lor Ban»«t ia»t niini ass p «. euwua nomln.tlon In this st.t.’s Aug. 7 ,
primary ®l«ctlona. * BaiaUT* hu»ettr »i 8:ii ai par atai
It' onother fontoitic odventure of the famous Little People, who stort off for the For Country after lUten-lr>g to a strange tale told by OW Story Teller. You'll enjoy reodirTp It ond teeing the beoutiful drowirsgi by Wolt Scott in Hie Ivenlnf Iditien e# The Re®ert«r.New8 eteitinf Men-4my, Merck 2f.
the situation. ninoff election will be held
,„.m ..... .U.„. .......“'•L'“’. S.turd.y.
for >t If.st Ihw-fourllis ot the;W'n»'li 8«* con-, other ruudidates and tbe num-
contract period. i » ifi received were:
Hart said the new’ policy would considerable loss to mm. i j q Rainwater, Anson. 89.
protect Texas farmers by keeping “On the other hand, if conditions c, e. Pearce. Anson, 53.
them from being tied to long-term remain as they are or ahow Im-, ^ ^ Ansoa, 24.
contracts and would protect Texas' provement he wUl be In pMltloiij f j McDonald. Jr., 23.
citizen labor which might become to r^ew his contract for a longer ^ ^ ballots were east
‘*‘‘^*wUl do our beat t® ae® tb.t' j?*
no T®xts fanner auffen lor a Hriiid Feb % ‘
of avaUable labor, and. at the «• „
same time, that unemployed Tex- One of tbe eandidates. F. J. Me-as clUsena are given job opportu-
unemployed In the coming rnmitha.
The drought Is becoming in-ereaalngly aerioua In many tec-tiona of the state, and local pockfti of unegiployment hav® developed.” Hart said la a prepared prcas statement.
Donald. Jr., is a brother ef the
nltlte ahead of Imported labor.” I let® eommtssloner.