Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 28, 1944, Abilene, Texas
RED CROSS WAR FUND * CAMPAIGN BOX SCORE County quoto $69,000,00
Contributions to dote $69,208.50
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VOL. LXIII, NO. 286.
A TEXAS I-1** NEWSPAPER
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKL I CII YOL'R WORLD EXACTLY AS' TI GOES -IT ion
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 28, 1944
Associated Press (AP)
United Press (U P.)
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Reds Cross Prut River
Russians Are In Suburbs of Rumania City
21 Dead as Hand-Set Fire Sweeps Hotel
BIG AS BILLIARD BALLS—Harvey Wallace Carter Jr., of Memphis, Tenn.. is probably f *♦ ondcring why the white balls, with which he is playing, are so cold, but it is the first time he has even seen hailstones so large. These icy stones, the size of billiard hal f, pounded Memphis in a freak storm Sunday night, sending eight residents to hospitals. (NEA Tele-
Allied Artillery Stops Thrust in Cassino Sector
Snow, Freeze Strike
Plains; Coming Here
^ ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Navies, March 28—(ZP'—Allied artillery broke up a German attack north of Cassino and continued to hammer the two hotel “key point” areas of the German defenses with-the ruined town, headquarters nnounced today.
The Nazi attack was broke up on the road from Terelle, which lies about four miles northwest of Cassino. The Germans replied to the shelling of the Hotel Continental Des Roses with a nightlong bombardment of Allied positions south of the town.
Meanwhile, it was disclosed that three small German attacks of platoon strength on the left side of the beachhead bellow Rome were beaten off Sunday afternoon and the Germans remained on the defensive in that sector.
Gunfire diminished in the lower Garigliano sector of the main Fifth nrmv front, but patrols clashed at %veral points. The Germans shell-
Winter seemed destined to return for a visit to Abilene and vicinity today as it has in the Texas panhandle where snow was falling this morning and temperatures dropped as low as 19 degrees.
Livestock warning was announced from the Abilene municipal weather bureau this morning with forecast of cloudy weather with occasional rain or snow tonight and Wednesday and lowest temperatures from 25 to 30 degrees Wednesday morning.
Plainview reported a one-inch snow’, this morning with the flakes still falling and a temperature of 22 degrees
LONDON. March 28.—(UP) —The Berlin radio said today that Russian troops had crossed the upper Prut river in pre-war Poland—an apparent acknowledgment that the Red army had cut the Lwow-Bucharest railroad, the last direct link between the split southern German army group.
Col. Ernst von Hammer, Nazi radio commentator, reported the Soviet crossing of the Prut in the area of Kolomyja. 48 miles northwest of Cernauti and IOO miles southeast of Lwow, where the railroad parallels the river, crossing it a few miles below that town.
Von Hammer dropped a veiled hint that the Russians may have smashed across the Middle Prut from Bessarabia into Rumania proper. He said a Soviet attempt to take las! by storm had failed, suggesting that Russian assault forces had charged across the river to the town which lies seven miles west of it at the closest point.
Moscow had reported earlier that Russian troops inside Bucovina province of Rumania appeared to be strangling the communications of Cernauti iCzernowitzi from positions in the outskirts of that provincial capital, while Red artillery along 80 miles of the Prut
SAN FRANCISCO. March 28—(ZP) I -Twenty-one persons were known dead and a score of injured were in hospitals after a blaze which Fire Chief Albert J. Sullivan said ‘’undoubtedly must have been of incendiary origin” swept through the New Amsterdam hotel e%rly todav.
The three-story frame structure in the industrial district housed about IOO tenants in its 72 rooms, firemen said after talking to some of those who escaped. Most of the tenants
are shipyard and war industry workers, police said.
Tire operator of the hotel, a woman, could not be found immediately and firemen expressed fear she might ha*e been among those killed.
Policemen at the southern district station, hair a block from the hotel, responded at the first alarm, only to find the flames had spread so quickly the entire structure seemed already ablaze.
Lt. E. J. Glover, in charge of
the district police station, said tm ran to the scene and with other officers attempted to enter the door which led from the street to the second floor.
"Flames swept down at us and drove us back,” said Glover. "We could not enter. My men turned to giving first aid and rescue work to the many who dropped from windows."
I Three persons who jumped from windows landed in fire nets spread by firemen. Many others made their way to safety on the roof-top of an adjoining garage.
One woman was killed when she jumped from a second story window just as the first fire trucks arrived.
The fire broke out "too suddenly and swept through the hotel too quickly to have been of ordinary origin," Fire Chief
Ta rec other fires of unknown origin had been reported within a radius of five blocks of the hotel earlier in the night. Last week ll fires in small hotels rooming houses in Oakland, across San Francisco bav, were attributed to arsonists.
Yanks Blas! Airfields
A^low drizzle (elfin*Abilene all morning as temperatures skidded 16 poured salvo after salvo into enemy degrees in five hours A drop of four degrees In one hour »as recorded ranks.^ ^ reDortpd
when the reading changed from 42
at 11:30 a. rn. to 38 at 12.30 p. rn.
Strong winds were forecast for this area tonight and Wednesday.
Cold weather nipped Abilen-ians today who Sunday had their wannest day of the season. Readings during that time, less than 48 hours before, the thermometer stayed in the 80s for several hours with the high reading of 87 at 4 p. rn.
McNutt Endorses Controls on 4-Fs
WAR Al A GLANCE
Ruhr Is RAF
By The Associated Pres:,
GERMAN Y-F RANC E: V. S.
Heavy bombers blast airfields in F'rance; RAF' Mosquito bombers attack Ruhr valley.
ITALY: Artillery duel rages around Cassino; Nazi attack repelled.
RUSSIA; Russians advance to outskirts of Cernauti, capital of Boro Vina.
Reports to the U. S. weather bureau at Dallas at 7:30 a. rn. as
WASHINGTON. March 28—(ZP)— Describing the manpower situation as "relatively good,” Paul V. McNutt, head of the War Manpower Commission, told a house military
listed by Associated Press included subcommittee today he saw no need
cd the Orsogna area of the Eighth army front, but that sector also was generally quiet except for patrol clashes near Tollo and Arielle.
19 degres, strong drift-26 degrees, heavy
Allied planes, flying about 1.400 Srties. blasted at railway lines yesterday, striking targets in central Italy, swarming over the battle area. and lashing shipping off the Italian west coast and the Dalmatian shore. Mosquitos last night ^ntinued the blows against the lean supply lines.
Nazi Shells Kill Five in Hospital
Dalhart ing snow.
Clarendon: blowing snow.
Amarillo: snow. 23 degrees. 'Amarillo’s maximum temperature yesterday was 60 degrees).
Pampa: 23, light snow pellets.
Lubbock: 32. light sleet.
Wichita Falls, 49 degrees; Big Spring 50; San Angelo 55.
The weather bureau predicted cloudy and colder weather for West Texas this afternoon and partly cloudv and colder tonight, with 16
for national service legislation any type at this time.
He added, however, that there "may be real merit" in proposals to effect job controls over some 3.000.000 men now in 4-F but said the army was opposed to inducting them, .lust how he proposed to use the 4-Fs and to divert them into essential industry, McNutt did not explain. Chairman Costello «D-Calif» had called McNutt before the subcommittee with the expressed Determination of solving the manpower problem "within another month
to 22 degrees in the Panhandle, 20 specifically, he wanted to find how
NAPLES. March 28—(IPF— Five toldiors were killed and ll wounded Benday when some 80 German shells fell in an American tent hospital area on the Anzio beachhead. it was learned today.
Tile five soldiers all were patients.
Stars and Stripes said that ^ the casualties brought to 33 the ® number of American hospital patients killed by shells and bombs on the beachhead, and that 74 have been wounded.
A dozen other tents were perforated bv shell fragments. The hospi-with large Red Crosses on all the tents, is isolated from military objectives.
to 26 in the South Plains area and near to slightly below freezing elsewhere in West Texas except the Del Rio-Eagle Pass area.
For East Texas the forecast was colder tonight, with a temperature of 26 to 32 degrees in the extreme northwest portion.
the new’ly created inter-agencv committee on deferments plans to operate.
Street fighting w«s reported Nikolaev, Black sea port on the Bug estuary. 215 miles to the east of last. Nikolaev was reported ripe for imminent capture.
Forty miles northeast of Cor nauti, the capture of the strong Dn.eper river base of Kamenets Podolsk and the town of Bozovitsy was swiftly fashioning a death pocket around Germans in a 1.400 square mile salient to the northeast. Main escape routes were snapped: the Germans could retreat only through a muddy corridor being closed from the north by the first Ukrainian army and from the south, by the second Ukrainian army.
Izvestia said the ominous thunder of Russian artillery already was audible in las! and that "the German command cannot halt our troops."
Red Star declared in a dispatch from the Prut that Marshal Ivan Konev's Second Ukrainian army tanks and tommy-gunners were driving Germans and Rumanians to death in the narrow stream.
Cernautz has 110.000 population and was the third largest city of pre-war Rumania.
Capture of Sadagura, just across
Bombs Dumped On South Wales
| See RI ASIANS, Tg. IO, Col. 6
State Nears Close ^)f Lonergan Case
Voting Off to Slow Start in Oklahoma
NEW YORK, March 23.—Its case bolstered by admission of a tersely-worded confession, the prosecution expected to complete today presentation of evidence it nope* All convict Wayne Loner can of Tile slaying of his 23-year-olo heiress wife, Patricia.
Reading of the statement, admittedly only after a stiff defense fight Rnd conceded by the state to be the backbone of its cav . wa* bepun
«'Ste relay. Tire concluding pages crc to be read toda.\ in general sessions court. The defense had charged that the unsigned confession was obtained under duress end with promises of leniency.
MUSKOGEE. Ola., March 28 -ZP) —Early voting In today's special second district congressional contest between Democrat W. G. Stigler and Republican E. O. Clark, was [ ironr reported light, despite its pronounced importance as a national political barometer.
One precinct in Muskogee which normally has a vote of 300, reported only 14 ballots were cast three hours after the polls opened. About the same ratio was shown in a second precinct heard from in the same city.
Cloudy weather with a forecast of rain had been expected to bring out a heavy farm vote in this agricultural center.
Costello’s views concerning expansion of the interagency^ jurisdiction were reflected by Col. Francis V. Keesling. Jr.. legislative representative for selective service Keesling said he believed the new McNutt committee eventually should have control over deferments for all age groups and should make recommendations for the use of 4-Fs, overage men and discharged men.
He already has discussed with army and navy officials, he said, the [ possibility of raising a work corps the 4-F. overage and discharged groups, whose utilization was recommended last week by Donald Nelson, head of the War Production board.
Solons lo Pry Into A&M Spat
LONDON. March 28.-1#)—The German air force, in one of the heaviest aerial attacks it has launched British targets exclusive of Loidon in the last two years, scattered bombs over South Wales and parts of western, southern and southeastern England last night in a series of raids which cost the Nazis eight planes.
Berlin said the main target of the assaults, which caused some casualties and considerable damage, was the big west coast port of Bristol.
British night fighters fought furious running battles with the put up a heavy barrage. One anti-aircraft shell crashed through the roof of a building in Wales, killing eight persons and injuring 16 others seriously.
The raids touched off alerts in some sections of London, but no bombs were dropped on the capital.
The German radio played up the assaults as a great victory for the Nazi air force, declaring that "British defenses in southwest England were completely overwhelmed by the German aircraft and suffered their heaviest setback.''
"Although anti-aircraft fire at the coast and in the urban arca of Bristol was very strong, it could not be compared with that experienced during large scale attacks on London.'' a Berlin broadcast said. One of the enemy planes reported
LONDON, March 28—(AP) —Between 250 and 500 U. S. heavy bombers struck at German airfields in France again today.
The bombers attacked installations at Charters, Chateau-dun, Reims and Dijob in a follow-up to yesterday’s blows at nine German airbase* and the Tours freight yards by 5ft to I,OOO bombers.
Hard-hitting Mosquito bombers spread new destruction last night through the Ruhr valley, where 4he RAFS heavy bomber fleet had dealt a devastating blow to the German armament Industry 24 hours earlier by raining 2,240 tons of
bombs upon Essen.
It was the Mosquitos' 20th night foray this month.
The Air ministry said all planes had returned from the overnight raids, the specific objectives of which were not disclosed.
1 AUSTIN. March 28—<#i—Chair- shot, down was inte.ce t d ! man Penrose Metcafe of San Angelo destroyed by a pa’trolling RAF said today a state senate education- Mosquito over the channel just aft-
White Women Back In Solomon Islands
TULAGI. Solomon Islands, Mar. 28—IWhite women have come back to the Solomons.
This word spread up and down the jungled islands with the news that 127 American Navy nurses had arrived. For some of the fighting men here they were the first white women seen in 15 months or more. Since the British e\adiated theirs in January. 1942 the onh white women to visit were three USO entertainers. They stayed a week.
a1 investigating committee will meet here Thursday to hear testimony from several members of the Texas A. Ai M. college board of directors "and likely others who have infoi-mation affecting that institution " Metcalfe said Board Chairman F. M. Law of Houston would be among those interrogated.
He did not expand but it has been indicated that Dr. T. D. Walton, former president of A Ai M. might be questioned.
Metcalfe said his committee would delve into other educational matters outside of A Ai M, college but did not expand on this statement.
cr leaving the French coast.
Joan Fontaine to Divorce Aherne
Smashing at the aerial backbone of the Atlantic wall, a fleet of from 750 to 1,000 U. S. heavy bombers, sowed destruction on nine German airdromes in France yesterday and blasted the freight yards at Tours in a series of sweeping raids that extended almost to the Spanish frontier.
Accompanying swarms of fighters, perhaps as many as 1,000, were credited officially with destroying 38 Nazi planes most of them on the ground since few German aircraft rose to intercept the attackers.
Four other fighters fell to bomber gunners, for a day’s total of 42. Six American bombers and IO fighters were missing, a supplemental communique said today. Five fighters previously listed at lost were found to be safe.
The objectives of the bombers, flying the 21st mission of the month, included Charters, 40 miles southwest of Paris; La Rochelle, St Jean D'Angely, Pau, Biarritz, Caz-aux, Mordeaux and Mont Dc Marsala all in the Bay of Biscay area, as well as Tours.
FRANK AUCK LOOKS OVER ARMY (Bring cm Back Alive) Buck. Texas author and wild animal catcher, visits Snuffy, fear mascot of aviation cadets, and Simian Simian, monkey mascot of military police, at the Eagle Pass, Tex., where Buck staged two shows. (AP Slate Photo). ^
Taylor Goes Over
Red Cross Quota
To v I nr rrmntv’s $69 000 Red Cross i cont inue ai War 1-und quota has been e*< ceded. (through next Saturday ta Ute hops it was announced late this morning
Stewart, campaign chair-
HOLLYWOOD. March 2S—Of*— Screen Actress Joan Fontaine, 26, has announced she will seek a divorce court termination of her marriage to Brian Aherne, 41-year-old British actor, whom she once termed "the finest husband in the world." m
Germany Organizes Russian Quislings
AP Chief Named
Rayburn to Frisco
RAN FRANCISCO, March 28— /Ti —Speaker Sam Rayburn 'D-Tex) Bf the house of representatives will or the principal speaker for the northern California Democrats’ (Jackson Da\ dinner here Thursday.
OLP VR I MIM OL I OM MF IKL WI VI ill K HI Kl Al
ABILENE and Vicinitj ~ Cloudy with occasional rain or snow tonight and Wednesda> Much colder. Lowest temperature Wednesday morning 25 to 30.
Strong wind' Protect livestock.
EAST TEXAS: Mostly cloudy, showers east and south portions this afternoon and along the coast tonight colder tonight. temperature 26 to 32 extreme northwest portion late tonight: Wednes
day partly cloudy, cooler east and south . _ ,
portions Fresh to strong winds interior LONDON, Mardi 28—ZP)—Bnt-
and fresh on the coast. . wi. offjHiil nuaMprs said today that
WEST TEXAS Cloudy and colder this Ilsn quarters ham luuny uiai
HOUSTON March 28—<#)—President F M ! w of the Texas A. Ai M. college board "of directors announced today that the board would hold a joint meeting with thp state senate educational investigating committee in Austin Friday.
WASHINGTON, March 28—</P— Appointment of Bennett Wolfe, for-merely chief of the Associated Press service in Indiana, to head the Associated Press Washington regional service was announced today by Paul Miller, assistant general man-I ager of the AP in charge of the Washington bureau.
NEW YORK, March 28—(#* The Polish Telegraph agency said today in a dispatch from London that the Germans have organized a "White Russian central council of Quislings In an effort corporate White Russia German war effort.
The agency also declared that the Nazis had for the first time conscripted a White Russian unit into the Germany army.
by Eld S. man.
The officially announced tai of gifts was $69,208..IO.
"This is an achievement of which the people of laylor county can he genuinely proud, said Stewart. "It reflects real, outstanding support of our fighting men."
Plans were already In motion to
to m-lnto the
Clock Turning Back Proposed
of raising the county’s gifts to $75,. OOO or $80 000 Last year the county War Fund q ; was $3-"OO and $46,000 was given by civilians.
"We are going to have a lot of invasions in the coming year.” Stewart said, "and Red Cross is going to need a lot more money to carry on its work.’’
Roscoe Blankenship. vier chairman of the campaign, said he believed that $75,001) would be raised bv weeks end if all workers solicit all the people on their lists and make complete reports.
i*t stop work until
has been given an op-glve to this fund,"
"We mush every person port unity to Blankenship
BOND BOX SCORE
Since Tearl Harbor March quota March Sales
$16,627,631.00 $ 231.700.00
Germany Denies Prisoners Killed
EVEN NAZIS CHUCKLE AT ANTI-HITLER JOKES
Crude Output Drops
cloudy and < older temperature iii to 22 in Panhandle. 20 lo 26 South Plains and near to slightly below freezing elsewhere except D»l Rio-Eagle Pas^ area tonight Wednesday afir, colder Del Rio-F.agle Pass area no* fair colder Del Rio Eagle Pass area, not wind*
Maximum temperature last 24 hours
Minimum temperature last 12 hours 40.
TULSA. Okla., March 28—i/reunited States crude oil production bopped 5,038 barrels daily in the seek ended March 25 to a total >f 4,386,550 barrels daily, the Oil md Gas Journal said today.
Texas output was the same as he preceding week, 1,362,450 bar J$ls a day.
Toe Mon Mon Sun AM Hour PM 50 51— 1— 58 77
50— 2— 62 48— 3— 65 46— 4— 66 44— 5— os 42— 6— 67 42— 7— ««
42 - 8— 60
44_ a— 55
.*53— ll — 50 57
the German government had denied a report thai five British prisoners of war. recaptured after their escape in Italy, had been sentenced to death. The British government had asked the Swiss government to investigate the report originally put out Feb 8 by the German DNB. agency.
Ballot Bill Blasted
WASHINGTON, March 28—^— Former Senator George W. Norris (Ind-Neb) has denounced the congressionally-approved service vote bill as a “bogus" arrangement un-men "will be
la— si 52 j der Which fighting i Sunset tonight0™.*?.*..V......... . . .. .7 36 practically disfranchised."
Bv MEL MOST ..(Associated Press correspondent just returned from Internment in Germany I.
NEW YORK. March 28— T—Reports tha* anti-Nazi jokes have driven the gestapo into a tantrum confirm the impression of internees that the German people rapidly are moving away from the goose-stepping subservience of Hitler's heyday.
Even Nazi party members now laugh at—and repeat, despite warnings—a good joke against Hitler or the regime.
It’s just another sign that weakening of Germany’s strength abroad has its counterpart in less personal fear of the Nazi regime at home. One of the favorite themes of
underground jokes Is what will happen on the dav of judgment.
Goebbels is pictured in one joke as having been admitted, due to a bureaucratic slipup by St. Peter, into hea\en. He wanders around amid the praying and hymn-singing angels, utterly bored. Finally he discovers a telescope pointing downward through a rift in the clouds, with a sign reading, "bee hell. Only five cents."
A nickel furnishes him the astonishing sight of visitors in the netherworld being treated to the very best in wine, women and song.
Goebbels obtains a transfer, but on arriving in Hades is pitchforked around amid sulfurous hea?
When he asks about what he
saw In the telescope, he Is told:
"But that's Just propaganda for foreign consumption."
According to another joke, St Peter also decreed that the world's leaders be sent to a lake of mud in purgatory to atone for their sins. President Roosevelt is in a shallow part of the lake, only up to his knees. Churchill is in up to his waist, Stalin up to his neck. Bu' Hitler, surprisingly enough, only up to his ankles.
Says Stalin; “I say, Adolf, can't you slip me a tip of how you wangled that soft spot?”
"Don't breathe a word to anybody," says Hitler, "but I'm standing on Mussolini."
WASHINGTON, March 28— T>—
America s clocks may soon uncle! go some more legislative tinkering j Congress, which set the nations timepieces ahead an hour in 194*-,; was asked today to sr' them back j again in a bill introduced by Rep Cannon iD-Mo,),
The measure would eliminate daylight saving time and restore the entire country to standard time, although preserving the present time belts—western, Rocky mountain. central and eastern.
< almon sin! he submitted the bill after receiving hundreds of protests from "almost every state in the union” against the "fast time.”
The Missourian said midwcs'ern farmers were the most bitter critic.^ complaining that the dew stayed on the ground too late in the morning under daylight time, thus keep-; mg them from getting started with I work, and also that hired hands , wanted to quit "in the middle of the afternoon, just because the clock read late," thus keeping them from •
getting a full days work accomplished.
Several states have had battles about the is.ue and have adopted specific legislation to modify law as it concerned them.
It was announced that the campaign headquarters would be maintained in the WAC shack at Third md Pine through Saturday.
Stewart expressed appreciation for ‘‘marvelous support iii waging the campaign. He expressed special appreciation for the work done by the vice president, Blankenship. the Red Cress volunteer corp* members the women who canvassed the city "and practically every businesj man." as well as the schools ant colleges, and hundreds of othei persons through the city and coum t\.
Texas Secretary of State Enters Army
TYLER. March 28— dne
Latham, secretary of state, am three Gregg county officials hav been accepted for service at th East Texas armed forces induetio
Latham yesterday was assigned t the Army, together with Count Judge Matt Dawson and Distru Clerk Dozier Skipper Jr., while Dis trict Judge Earl Roberts was as signed to the Navy.