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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 28, 1938, Abilene, Texas mim MMI® ®be Abilene Sporter “WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES "-Byron ☆ ☆☆ VOL LYU, NO. 310. 4H*eUt«i PHM (An ABILENE, TEXAS. MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 28, 1938 —TEN PAGES tilted cm PRICE 5 CENTSABILENE TOTAL 3.81 INCHESMarch New Deal Wins High Court Test On Utilities Act Registration Of COLONEL HOUSE, INTIMATE ADVISOR TO PRESIDENT WILSON DURING WORLD WAR ERA, SUCCUMBS TO LENGTHY ILLNESS BODY CREMATED Only Members Of Family Are At His Bedside NEW YORK, March 28 HOUSE ON ONE OF LAST TEXAS VISITS Holdina Companies Col. Edward M. House, lnternation-. . ,    ,    v # i i I aHv known as a close advisor to With SEC Valid WASHINGTON, March 28.—.ZP)— The supreme court held constitutional today provisions of the public utility holding company act requiring interstate holding companies ally known as a President Woodrow Wilson during the trying World war era. died today after a long Illness. He was 79 years old. Colonel House's physicians said several weeks ago that he was •‘falling steadily" and that death was only a matter of time. He was to register with the securities com- I suffering from a complication of aliments, and only last week had another relapse. mission and submit financial statements. Chief Justice Hughes delivered the decision that represented a victory for the government. The court affirmed a ruling by the federal circuit court at New York upholding the registration requirement. Justice McReynolds dissented. Justices Caraczo and Reed did not participate. “To escape the penalty and the enforcing provisions cf the decree, Hughes said, “all that the defend- Only members of his family, Including the widow, were with him when he died. His daughter, Mrs. Gordon Auchlncloss. and her husband also were there. For many years, Colonel House was active in affairs of the democratic party. He climaxed this activity when he became the personal representative of President Wilson to European governments in 1914. 1915 and 1916. PARLEY REPRESENTATIVE In 1917, President Wilson appointed Col. House to gather and organize data to be used at the eventual peace conference, and he ants have to do Is to register with < served as special representative the commission and assume the ob ligation to file the descried registration statement. “All their rights and remedies with respect to other provisions of the statute remain without prejudice.’* PICKED AS TEST CASE The litigation directly involved the Electric Bond and Share corn-picked up by the government as a test case. The utilities contended that the entire act regulating holding companies was at issue. The government successfully asserted other provisions could be tested at the proper time and “under regular judicial procedure.'* The he’d!,ar company act, passed by congress in 1935. after a bitter contest, would bring under gov this country at the inter-allied conference of premiers and foreign ministers, held in Paris, Nov. 29, 1917, to effect a more complete cooperation of the activities of the entente co-belligerents for the prosecution of the war. He again represented the president in the supreme war council at Versailles, Dec. I, 1917, and on Oct 17, 1918, he was designated to act for the United States in the negotiation of an armistice with the central powers. Col. House has been in semi-retirement in recent years. Col, House was first reported seriously 111 of pleurisy on March by Dr Paul B. Sheldon, his personal physician. Since then he had been confined to his horn* .‘W'herc he died. Still keen and observant despite Col. and Mrs. E. M. House are pictured above on one of their lait visits to Austin, scene of manx of his early political triumphs. Mrs. House was at her husbands bedside in New York City when death came at 8 a rn. today. ernment regulation companies that I his declining yr ™ billions of dollars of In- one of his last inter\iews_asserted iii. S. TREASURY TRIMS PRICE ON FOREIGN PRODUCED SILVER control terstate gas and electric business. It was aimed at what tile Roosevelt administration called abuses, including pyramiding and issuance of securities with fictitious values. Among other things, it would bar the comapnies from using the mails or other instrumentalities of interstate commerce unless they registered with the securities commission. Enforcement of this provision has been held up pending a final supreme court ruling. Reduction From 45 To 44 Cents Per Ounce Is First Mode In Two Years flatly that President Roosevelt would not be a candidate for a third term. The aged peace-maker also said ; America's bact chance of remaining WASHINGTON. March 28—(ZP)—'Tile treasury reduced today from out of any future world conflict lay (5 to 44 cents per ounce its price for foreign produced silver. in a strong merchant marine and a    The reduction was the first change in the treasury's price    for for- oowerful navy.    eign silver in    nearly two years, and followed a break of slightly more LAST TRF.ATY SgRVIVOR    than a cent    in the London silver-------- He was the last survivor    of    the    market today    because of fears that American signatories of the    Treaty    the United States decision to dis- Okeh Flat Tax On Insurance Firms of Versailles. To the end, Col. House believed in the League of Ntaions, insisting 1 it held the greatest possibilities for the solution of many of the- world's problems. Only last year he gave his See HOI SE, Pf. 8. Col. 6 WASHINGTON. March 28—(ZP— The senate finance committee approved todry application of an 18 per cent flat tax rate on net income of insurance companies. The committee already has approved such a rate for corporations ; generally. Tile house bill fixed a 16 per cent rate on insurance com-panics. The existing rate is 15 per cent. Committee members said that mutual insurance companies other than life would be re-surveyed later to ascertain whether they should receive special treatment and that special treatment would be allowed all companies having net income of $25,000 or less. What Is Your News I. Q.? 104th Grand Jury Returns lo Work Burglaries, Drunk Driving Probed Grand Jury of 104th district court reconvened Monday morning and immediately began investigation of a number of criminal cases presented by District Attorney Otis Miller and County Attorney Esco Walter. Burglaries, drunk driving and other felonies constituted the major part of charges being probed. Petit Jury for 104th court was dismissed until Friday morning by-Judge W. R. Chapman when civil cases set for trial Monday and Tuesday had to be postponed. Three criminal cases are scheduled for trial Friday. They are Robert Rancher, drunk driving, R. ©. Neal, swindling, and Robert S. Dunn, forgery, A special venire of IOO will report to Judge Chapman at 9 o’clock Wednesday morning for the trial of R. L. Montgomery on an indictment charging him with the murder of E. E. Tucker early in February. District Attorney Miller has announced that he will also seek to convict Montgomery under the habitual criminal statute, providing life imprisonment upon conviction. continue purchases of Mexican silver might presage an abandon- I ment of its stabilizing influence on world silver prices. Heretofore the world's largest j customer for silver, the United ! States treasury virtually dictated the value of silver for more than two years. NOT EXPLAINED Officials did not explain the reduction. Previously, the announcement of the decision with respect to Mexican silver had been connected principally in speculation by observers with that country* expropriation of American oil properties. Executives of four American oil companies conferred with Secretary of State Hull about the expropriation. The oil men asked the official support of the United States government in their effort to have the expropriation modified. Franco's Army Nears Lerida Insurgents' Line 30 Miles From Mediterranean WITH THE SPANISH INSURGENTS IN CATALONIA. Mar. 28—((API—Generalissimo Franco's forces today occupied Fraga. “gateway to Catalonia." and advanced northeast along the main highway toward Lerida and Barcelona. Fame So Great, Many Roles In Texas Overlooked AUSTIN. March 28—(UP)—Col. E. M. House became so much a man of international and national affairs that Texans hardly realize what important roles he played in this state. Holding no official position and but once being the titled manager I of a political campaign, he chase i and elected three of Texas’ most famous governors, built a Texas railroad and amassed a cotton fortune before becoming active in national affairs. The House Interest in cotton dates back to the days of the war between the states. His father, T. W. House, ran cotton through the federal blockade at Galveston, where th? family maintained a large home in addition to the one in Houston, j Texas, where E. M. House was born in 1858. As a boy. House was taken to Eng- , land and attended school at Bath j He returned at his mother s death, when he was 14, and later attend-) ed school In Virginia. He was at Cornell university when his father’s ■ death brought him back to Texas in 1880. HOGG ELECTION FIRST VICTORY House's first notable political victory was the election of Gov. James Stephen Hogg in 1882 over George Clark. Two years later he and Hogg were on opposite sides. House managed Charles A. Culberson’s campaign for governor while Hogg sup- 1 ported Sen. John Reagan, who had j been a member of the Confederate States cabinet. It is pointed out in the intimate papers of Colonel House, edited by Charles Seymour, that House differed with each of the men he helped elect governor about a proper successor. Each time they supported different candidates. Each time it was th* man backed by House who won. Culberson wanted Attorney General M. M. Crane of Dallas to be his successor. Both Hogg and Culberson had come from the attorney general's office to the governor's chair. "I did not believe it was a good precedent to follow,” say the intimate papers, “because it would cause an attorney general to become something of a demagogue, j perhaps unconsciously but nevertheless surely.” House backed Congressman Joseph Sayers. At the start, House assumed Crane had 80 per cent of the chances for success. A clever plan offset this, and finally Crane withdrew. Then, counties had varying dates for primary elections. House had friends in counties that were for Sayers to call their primaries early and made such a showing that Crane withdrew at a time when. House confesses, h is forces had Cold Rains Deal Killing Blow To Goals In County Ranchers' Loss Heaviest Since Spring Of 34 Cold rains during the past Level Of Lake Abilene Rises Only 8 Inches Water Chief Is Disappointed At Extent Of Rise West Texas was cloudy and unarlottee Mattlesen (above) 18, slain by her youthful lover, Donald Carroll, Jr., in what was intended to be a double suicide, was cremated in New York City today at conclusion of funeral rites. The youth, who last his nerve when he started to turn the death gun on himself, was held in a Queen county jail. three days dealt a killing blow wet today from the Panhandle to thousands of freshly shorn to the Mexican border—record goats of Taylor county, with j March rainfall had been reranchmen suffering the hea- corded at many points, and a* thundershowers struck intermittently moisture totals continued to mount. WATER SUPPLY FOR YEAR Abilene had marked up 3.81 inches today since early Saturday, and city officials were cheered by the prospect cf a safe, althougn not bounteous, water supply in Lake \bilene and Lake Kirby. Although the rain gauge at Lake Abilene showed more than 3 inches, the water level of the lake roes only eight inches. This was Saturday night—Sunday and Monday morning bringing no additional catch. Tlie level of the lake is now ten feet below the spillway. Early today, Lake Kirby had viest loss since the spring of 1934. MOST FLOCKS CAUGHT Practically every flock of goats in the county were ‘‘caught" in the rain Saturday morning and before being moved to shelter, many had chilled down. Many of the goats had been sheared a month and owners had stopped putting them in the sheds Just a day before. Howard Miller, assistant coach at Abilene high school and rancher on Elm creek, reported one of the heaviest losses. More than 300 goats—mostly nannies—were victims of the unseasonable cold. Friday | night was the first time in a month I that the goats at the Miller ranch had not been penned Navy Bill Splits Senate Allies Johnson Favors, Borah Opposes Fleet Expansion WASHINGTON, Mar. 28— D — The senates two great “isolationists"— William E. Borah 'R-Idaho* \nd Hiram W. Johnson (R-Califo — took oppasite sides of a major issue today for one of the few times in t h e I r long careers. The Issue W’as the administration's billion - dollar naval expansion program, just senate channels after its passage by the house. Borah said he would oppose the bill vigorously, but Johnson announced he would support it. Thus when the "big navy" measure brings its expected oratorical explosion on the senate floor early next month, legislators and gnl’.ery-ltes will have the unusual opportunity of hearing the two veterans of th® successfu fights against American participation in the league of nations anc the world cour, Other ranchers in the same vicin- caught three feet, 8 inches, and BORAH starting through ity report like losses. Elmer Huff of the ^ly creek section also suffered heavy damage in his large flock. He, too. had quit shedding the animals only a few days before. C. E. Boyd was thought to also be loser. His brother, R. W. Boyd, of the Divide country, lost 40 head while he was gathering them in the rain. REPORTS IOO HEAD LOSS J. C. Dickson, ranching on the John Camp place east of Buffalo Gap. lost IOO head of out a flock of 500. He owns one of the best goat sheds in that country, but was in Abilene when the rain started. , Dickson built fires around cliffs where the goats bedded during the cold during the night as a protection J. P. Gary of the section west of Buffalo Gap lost only a few. While Mac Sayles, above Lake Abilene, lost more than IOO head. He did not have a definite count this morning. Raymond Dickson of Abilene and operator of a ranch south of town, said losses were counted in many flocks of that section, although See GOATS, Pg. 8, Col. 8 practically reached the end of their argue against strength.    other. House was official manager of the Bot the roaring See LIFE. Pf. 8. Cot 7 Each question counts 20; each part of a two-part question. IO. A score of 60 is fair; 80, good. Answers on page 2. 1. Identify this prominent nazi. 2. W’as Memel. a small area that used to be Germany's, given to * a) Poland, ib) Belgium, or ic) Lithuania? 3. The Methodist Episcopal church. South, is considering union with the Methodist Episcopal and the Methodist Protestant churches. True or false? 4. Why did Italy recently withdraw some of her troops from Libya? $ ®    5.    In    what    Jjkwth    American ® *Duntry did police report ,recent-Iv they had <%fc?ped ^ fascist » UPG*IAU ~ « Comanche Mon Tells Kidnap To Officers HENDAYE. France, at the Spanish Frontier, Mar. 28— (ZP) — The Spanish insurgent army in Catalonia marched toward the ancient industrial city of Lerida todav, pointing for a major battle by which Generalissimo Franco hopes to win the civil war. Government treat toward and a climax seemed near after 20 months of conflict. Insurgent troops were within 15 miles of Lerida. and insurgent warplanes were bombing it. Lerida is onlv 84 miles from Barcelona and Civil Cases Set In Albany Court DALLAS, Mar. 28—(UP) —J. F. Mahon of Comanche, told city detectives here today that he was kidnaped on a street in Comanche last j is on the main highway to that night.    provisional capital of republican Mahon said that a shabbily dress- Spain, ed man forced his way into his au- Coupled with the Lerida campaign tomobile at 11:45 p. rn , and com- | was a scries of advances on the en- ALBANY. March 28—Trial of cases on the civil docket of 42d district court was begun by Judge M. S. Long this morning. Criminal docket was set for next week. April 4, to permit District > Attorney Robert Black to be in troops    were    in    re-    Austin Wednesday of this week the    Mediterranean    ^ argue cases on appeal to the court of criminal appeals. Grand jury for the current term of court will be reconvened Friday of this week. "Lion of Idaho' and the thundering “Bull Mooser* of California treat their disagreement lightly. Its Just a difference in viewpoint as to what constitutes a defense navy,” Borah explained. "Both of us oppose using the navy to implement foreign policy." To Johnson, however, a big navy seems “absolutely essential" for protection of the west coast. He agreed with Borah that there was no difference in their objectives. FDR Sends Debt Offer To Congress WASHINGTON, March 28-(UP) —President Roosevelt today transmitted to congress Hungary's pro-pa«al for settlement of its postwar debt to the United States with a request for careful consideration. Mr. Roosevelt termed the proposal a noteworthy wish and effort" of the Hungarian government to meet its obligation to this country. The original debt, advanced in credits to enable Hungary to purchase flour immediately after the World war, totaled $1,685,835. The president said the Hungarian government seeks a definite re- wlth the creek still running bank full, the total rise is expected to be five feet. That makes the w-ater level nine feet below the spillway. The rain gauge at Kirby showed 4.77 Inches. “Anyway, Abilene has a safe water supply for a year," Water Superintendent L. A. Grimes said this morning. However, he was frankly disappointed that the reservoir* were not full. Keeper C. A. Wilson at Lytle lake Jubilantly telephoned the Re-porter-News %t 8:30 this morning: “Lytle lake is full, and in five minutes will be pouring over the spillway.” Lytle lake, on which a number of Abilenians have their year-around homes and at which others seek summer recreation, had not gone over the spillway sine® May 18, 1935. Although clouds In this area apparently were breaking late thia morning, the forecast for tonight and tomorrow Is for cloudy and warmer weather. BOLT STRIKES HOUSE Early today there was a series of thundershowers here. In the midst of the downpour al 6:30 a. rn., lightning struck a two* See RAIN, Pf. IO, Col. 5 Rites At Novice For Angelo Man TUSCOLA. March 28.—(Sp!.) — Jesse Lee Pope, San Angelo shoe salesman fatally injured in an automobile crash there, was to be burled this afterroon following funeral rites at 4 p. rn. at Novice. Pope, who moved to San Angel® a month ago, had lived here a number of years. He is survived by his wife, Mrs. ’ Susie Pope; two daughters, Mrs. Cloyce Scott, Rogers; and Mrs. Mildred Gaines, Temple; two sons, adjustment of the indebtedness on Roy Pope, in the army at Fort Sam terms of full payment over a period Houston, and J. L. Pope. Jr., of San of years of the original obligation, I Angelo. Pope's mother, five brothers without interest.    and three sisters also survive. Gat Firm Argues Rate Cuts Invalid pelled him to drive to a point one-half mile east of Fort Worth. Mahon raid that he proceeded to Dallas after the man alighted near Fort Worth. He said that the man did not display a gun. but that he felt sure he was armed because the intruder kept his hand in a coat pocket. tire 135-mlle eastern front, stretching from Boltana on the far north, a short distance from the French frontier, to Morelia on the south. Each advance was to the east and each moved the insurgent line closer to the Mediterranean. Morse® SPAIN. Pf. 8. Col. 7 Mother Of H-SU Ass't Coach Dies W. C. Beard, assistant coach at Hardin-Simmons university, w as notified this morning that his mother had died unexpectedly at Dallas today. Beard, accompanied by his wife, left for Dallas after receiving the news. Burial will probably be in Henderson Tuesday. Smiles Yard-Wide After 'Draw'— FARMERS RAKE IN BLUE CHIPS; RAINS ONE CARD THEY NEEDED By HARRY HOLT    tional precipitation, but more would Those in the field of agriculture be needed. „ .    .    ,    ..    Leon C. Ranson, assistant Taylor mission had violated the constitu- j corning L th^f reached out on the county axent' 5Rid there is a   morning as they reacnea oui on me cent lncrease ln the acreage of this county over last year. He estimate See FARMERS. Pf. IO, Col 7 The Weather Oil Ass'n Drive To Be Opened In Albany First movement in the beginning of a distrlctwide campaign to boost membership of the West Central Texas Oil «fc Gas association will be launched tomorrow in Albany at the regular weekly meeting and luncheon of the Albany chamber of commerce. J. C. Watson, new’ assistant to the president of the oil organization, will speak at the session. The drive for associate memberships in Albany will be under direction of the chamber of commerce there, which is headed by Judge Homer T. Boul WHAT IT MEANS--The German War Machine WASHINGTON. Mar. 28— -D — Counsel for the Lone Star Gas company contended today in an argument prepared for the supreme court the Texas Railroad commis tion in ordering a reduction from 40 cents to 32 cents a thousand cubic feet in the gas rate charged 275 Texas cities. Attorneys for the railroad commission were present to reply that the    ............    ....... prescribed rates we*e falr an^ that enthusiasm as evident as this mom-the state had acted within its au- ■ lng    ,    bunder. thoritv    ...    Last    weeks the chips    were wel- The litigation has been described    ^    under    pf    a as the biggest gas rate controversy;,^ The crisl, ua, approaching. rain-soaked table and raked in all | of the blue chips. Tile one card they needed on the draw turned up. That was moisture —always needed in West Texas— and in sufficient quantities to cause in the history of the southwest. A supreme court ruling is expected before the summer recess ABILENE    and vicinity:    Cloudy and warmer tonight; Tuesday partly    cloudy anw wanner. Ranchman    didn t know    whether    to    I    -rJESfy.1****5    T"r    “* sell.    trade    or    buy    livestock.    Small K.a, T.x.i:    Cloudy, warmer ln 1    west portion    tonight; Tuesday    partly By ALEXANDER R. GEORGE AP Feature Writer 'WASHINGTON, Mar 28 — Nazi Germany remakes the map of central Europe under the marching feet of a soldiery now rated the finest in the world Arms experts here agre? the German army has replaced the French In the last year or two. Many of the military sharps ra*e Italy’s forces second onl to the Germans'. The Hitler military machine is listed as tops in three highly important respects: ] I. The average German soldier I has been selected more carefully din. Vice president is W. IL Bullock, land is superior physically and men-secretary -manager is Miss Ollie 1.1 tally to the average soldier of oth-lclArt 9    ill    fiWSBttB    RAUSO* 'Big Five' Armies Trained Reserve 2,000.900 5.600.000 5.500.000 Actives Germany 550,000 Italy.........750.000 France.......700,000 Russia 1.000,000 14.000.000 G. Britain ... 380.000    278,000 Army strengths in the table above, as estimated by qualified military experts, are listed in the order of their rating for military effectiveness man for man and weapon for weapon rather than on a basis of numerical superiority. 2 The German soldier is more highly trained. 3. The German forces are in general the best armed and equipped. Of an available manpower considerably larger than that of France, the Germans ha\e picked the cream for army service German young men have been trained by highly capable officers from 13 to 14 hours a day compared with about six hours a day in most other armies. TECHNICAL TALENTS In the last four years, the Germans have concentrated on their famed technical talon# and thoroughness in    production    of >« SESMAS* Decision On issue grain farmers knew only one thing that would bring relief—rain. Thus, the tide of wonderment has been turned and once again speculative West Texas is riding the crest toward “new’ found prosperity.” The country’s heaviest March rainfall that has replaced expected sandstorms brighten, under a tent of rain-soaked clouds, a spring sea- WASHINGTON Mar. 28—(UPI — The supreme court today agreed to pass on the question of whether the proposed child labor amendment still is before the states for ratification or whether it has definitely    js    fully    30    days    ahead    of been defeated.    ,    same    period    last    year    and    one of earliest in a quarter century. RECORD GRAIN CROP There is, perhaps, the largest crops of small grain ever planted in SHANGHAI, March 28—(ZF*—For- West Texas and that crop is only eign exchange rates crashed here one more rain shy of a splendid today when foreign banks dropped crop—maybe better than that har-merchant rates on the Mexican dol- vest in 1937. At any rates the pres-lar from 29 to 24 3-4 in an effort to ent conditions are better. Agricul-raw merchant rates and outside ture experts said today there woud xggrkct rate* cloeer together, • I be a grain harvest without addi- Exchange Crashes cloudy, warmer in north and extreme weed portion!. RAINFALL: 24 hr* ending    6:30    a.    rn.    Mon.    I 24    inche* Since first of    year    ........... 6.86    Inches Normal since    first    of    year    ...    3-11    Inchea Same period    last    year ...... rtl2    Inches Highest temperature yesterday ....MI Lowest temperature this morning. 49 “    TEMPERATURES 53 53 53 ii 50 49 49 49 49 50 51 .    54 .    53   ......  6:33 WARMER Suns-t ........ 56 7 p.m. 7 a ra. 12:39 %m* Drv thermometer    39*    49*    56* Wet thermometer    54*    49*    51* Relative humidity    *6    OI ;