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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 27, 1962, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD YEAR, NO. 283 ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNINti, MARCH 27, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PAGE ONE [8y Katharyn OuTf] Mrs. C. D. Leon and her daughter, Carol Ann Callaway, Were digging through old Cal- lahan County records ihe other day on a research mission when they turned up a i 900 book of "pleas of guilt" in Callahan County Court. One.item in the book was the case of "The Stale of Texas ver- sus Blank-Blank, alias Cole Younger." The charge was "gaming" and the penalty, tine. Could Cole Younger, one of the famed Younger Brothers and cousin of Jesse James have been in Callahan CsuiUy at that Who was the Mr. Blank- Blank and why did he choose such an alias? The Abilene Public library Unearthed ,the answer to the first question. No, Cole Younger was at the time in Minnesota State Prison on a "life sen- tence" for bank robbery and he wasn't1 released from prison un- til. July of the next year. Some Baird folk were unable to identify the fellow who chose that name as his own. But the same Baird folk provided this bit of Younger information: The famed "badman" was no stranger to Baird, He visited there and lectured an outlaw but a respected gentle- man, a personal friend of some fine Callahan families. Bob Norrell, longtime Baird banker, recalls a Cole Younger visit to Baird. He can't pinpoint the date, except that it was be- tween 1908 and 1916, but the banker remembers the event well. Younger was visiting the Wilsons, folk his family had known in hajpicr days back in Missouri, 'is "1 remember John Wilson took Cole Younger up and down the street introducing him. And that night Younger made a speech and I went to hear Norrell recalls. Mrs. Johnnie Robinson, Cal- lahan County Clerk and daugh- ter of the late John Wilsons, remembers, too, the Cole Youn- ger visits. "He wasn't notorious as they say he remember my sister playing the piano and Mr. Younger said he would send her some music from Kansas City and he Mrs. Robin- son says. Historians and biographers have never been able to agree fully on the badness of some of the badmen produced in Ihe bit- ter times after The War Be- tween the Stales. And here, in Baird, Texas, can be found a gentle picture of the most pub- licized Cole Younger. The Baird view of his later life jibes with history. After re- lease from Minnesota prison, Cole Younger went straight. His was not the West's traditional end of the badman, violent death. He died of a heart dis- ease on March 21, 1916, at his farm home in Missouri. A fellow says he mentioned to his landlady the other morn- Ing something about "Dr. Jckyll Mr. Hyde." The landlady looked puzzled. "You've read 'Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde' haven't she said, "I've read Dr. Jekyll but I don't think I have read Mr. Hyde." Mrs. Bill Burns, M57 Hick- ory, remarked that she was flabbergasted and asked her daughler, Brenda, 414, "Are you ever "Yes, I said Brenda. "And what do you do when you get "I fall over Brenda said. Which Is about as good as you ciii do you get flab- NEWS INDEX OH SiCTION A MCTJON n IMWI Cwnici TV 10 AifociataJ Prut (ff) ting for Algiers Bloodiest in History FIRST STEP Move to Abolish Poll Tax Made By GARDNER L. BRIDGE WASHINGTON Tenn., and v Ralph W. Yar- borough, D-Tex. Another South- erner, Sen. George A. Smathers, D-FIa., was paired in favor of the motion. Sen. Richard B. Russell. D-Ga., leader of the Southern forces opposing (he Holland amendment, ndicated the fight would be con- .inued. How Texas Group Voted on Measure WASHINGTON (AP) Sen. lalph Yarborough, D-Tex voted Several Southern senators did not exercise their right to speak :wice against Mansfield's motion to bring up the Alexander Hamil- ton bill. In the 10 days of debate, about 10 members of the Southern group took advantage of the two-speech rule, This led Mansfield to start Sen- ate sessions at 9 a.m. instead of the usual noon hour, a tactic he dropped once the vote was taken. of a closet in his home Monday afternoon by two Abilene city de- tending McMurry College this se- teclives who were standing outside mester. He was a member of the ,_.t_ Corinth Baptist Church and active in church work and Sunday school. Funeral will be held at the Co- rinth Baptist Church at 10 a.m. Wednesday with the Rev. E. G. vehicular for the anti-poll tax constitutional amendment. Texas' other senator, Republican John Tower, did not vote but was the measure wilh one or both are absent. up the bill. GERRY R. MILLER shotgun blast fatal Settlers March Against French By ANDREW BOROWIEC ALGIERS Euro- pean settlers marched against French barricades in the heart of Algiers Monday and many paid with their lives. In all. 51 persons were reported killed and 130 wounded in one of the bloodiest days in Ihe history of the city. Later, at the morgue in Mus- tapha Hospital, reporters were told there were 37 bodies there; with 120 wounded under treat- ment. In Oran ex-Gen. Edmond Jou- haud, the secret army's chief in western Algeria, was seized and Police Detectives Find Youth Dead A 19-year-old Abilene youth was found shot to death on Ihe floor Randy was a 1961 graduate of his house talking io his father. Gerry Randall Milter, son of Mr. and Mrs. Otis Miller of 1925 Ivan- hoe, was found by Dels. C. V. Strickland and J. H. Roberts, who had come to the house on an in- vestigation after receiving a call from the father. Strickland said the youth, a Freshman at McMurry College, had been talking with the detec- tives and "had gone into the house while we talked with Mr. Miller and two other men." Shortly after the detectives heard a gunshot, rushed into the house and found the youth in a closet in the bedroom. Strickland said he was in a silting position with his back to the wall, a 12-- gauge shotgun lying across his body. "The blast from the gun struck Miller in the upper jaw, killing him Strickland said. The shooting occurred about p.m. The youth's mother and sister, Peggy Ellen, were in the house when Ihe sliot occurred, Ihe de IN ARGENTINA tective said. fa'herl ealled to today for a minor bill intended as T fa'herl ealled to i vehicular for the anti-noll tav the bov. and his wife (Ihe who was in the house, came to the door about the time we heard the Strickland said. Outside the house with the falh- jun 11 n; lilLHSUi C tvlln nun iiiu idUl- Sen. Javits, R-N.Y., who favored er anci lne detectives were Dub McMillon, 1824 Ivanhoe, and Don Pairs are used to denote op- Brown, 1443 N. Willis, Strickland posing positions of senators when said. Justice of the Peace Silas Clark ui uit, iaic; ojirts Liriif The senale voted 62 to 15 to ruled "Death by gunshot wound fll-n ttn ........_ _ _ self Monday night. Born Sept. 9, 1942, In Abilene, Abilene High School and was at- Peak, pastor, officiating. Burial will be in Potosi Cemetery under direction of Elliott's Funeral Home, Survivors include his parents, one sister, Peggy Ellen o[ the home and one brother, Otis Stan- ley Miller, a student in the Art Cenler School in Los Angeles, Calif. Leader Declares Open Rebellion BUENOS AIRES Ar- country it faced civil war if the gentine army general proclaimed crisis is not rcsolved dc. open rebellion early Tuesday against President Arluro Frondizi claret! that a" the armed for "commilling treason" in re- vere now agreed that Frondizi fusing to resign from office. Gen. Franklin Rawson, corn- must go. But there was no immediate in "Ml LIIC1C Wrta JHI ULlllltUliUe 111- mander of the 3rd Cavalry Divi- sinr, in smilhorr, of now othcr military sion in soulhem Buenos Province, called on all Aires other units would react to Rawson's udiicu un tin ouicr i military units to join in the re- move to rebel, bellion shortly after Frondizi re- jected a plea from ex-President Pedro Aramburu that he aban- don Ihe presidency. Gen. Rawson declared the use of force was the only means left for those demanding the end of Frondizi's four-year regime. Rawson's announcement came as other army generals were meeting at War Ministry head- quarters Io slrategy in the face of Frondizi's persistent re- fusals Io step down. Aramburu, the crisis mediator who Sunday night warned the FT. POLK TRIAl Says He Heard Reservist's Phone Call By JACK OWNES FT. POLK, La. offi- :er testified Monday lhat he warned Pfc. Bernis Owen he would (ace courl-marlial proceed- ings if statements (he soldier gave the press were printed. Owen is on military trial for (lisrespecl arising from "we want oul" demonstrations by reservists called up for active duty. Capt. Gerald R. MacMnnus, Owen's commanding officer, told a five-officer court-martial board fie picked up a telephone exten- sion in his office and heard the conversation between Owen and a Now Orleans reporter. MacMamu conceded the 23- year-old Owen of Seadrift, Tc.x., lold the newsman the statement had to be cleared wllh Ft. Folk's public information officer. But the reporler npparenfly printed it without any clearance. Owen pleaded innocent to the disrespect charge. MncManus. said the reporter culling Owen to comment on an order by Gen. Harley West to end the demonstrations. At first, MacManus testified, Owen was dubious and reluctant to comment. Then Owen lold the unidentified newsman the order was "hilarious." MacMamis said Owen called Ihe order the "climax of a long line of injustices." CWO Dorsey S. Fleming, a military police criminal investi- gator, offered testimony on a statement he took from Owen on March 20, the day after the in- cident. Owen's statement, Fleming said, repeated that reporter had to dear his statement with Col. Fred Francis, Ft. Polk'j pub- lic Information officer. The sutcmenl from Owen was read into the record over objec lions from defense counsel. The defense stuck (o ll.i claim that statement was based on an illegally Intercepted telephone convcrBallon. Defense for Owen enlered ob- jections to the testimony by M Manus en jroundi htd no testimony the soldier had giv en permission for anyone to lis- :en in on his conversation. Capt. Edgar Nash, who heads the defense staff, lold the court the McManus testimony was in admissable because the Fedora' Communications Act banned pub- lication of any such conversation Capt. James Spurgeon, the trial prosecutor, said Ihe teslimony was admissable under a January 1961 court opinion. He said the soldier knew Ihe extension existed and that implied consent. Owen entered a plea of Inno- cent to the charge after several hours of maneuvering, between opposing counsel. Apparently, climinnling one of the charges re- duced to three months the mnxi- mum lime Owen could bu given at hard laljor. His parents were present at the trial, along with about 60 other spectators. Owen Is not being confined In jail but. Is registered to the base and Is under'the continuous sur oet up by troops and riot police. Tierce fighting followed and by he day's end private sources listed at least 51 dead. This in- cluded 10 Moslems slain by se- :ret army commandos apparently n reprisal for the midtown shoot- rigs. Army sources said one sol- dier was killed and six wounded. Other sources put the death toll at 37. The toli was among the worst but not the highest in the years of violence over Algeria's future. On Dec. 11, I960, at least 61 per- ;ons, mostly Moslems, were killed and hundreds wounded in clashes of Moslem crowds against soldiers and Europeans. Later reports put hat day's toll at perhaps more lhan 125 killed and 500 wounded. President Claries de Gaulle, in a national television-radio speech, warned the terrorist secret army :hat it could look forward only o punishment. De Gaulle urged France to approve in a referen- dum April 8 the cease-fire agree- ments of March 18th ending the seven-year nationalist rebellion. As night fell over the sullen city of Algiers, French officials described the situation as tragic ally alarming. They expressed fears a fratricidal war may lie ahead. A police official said apart- ments in Bab el Oued had been searched and persons arrest- ed there. He said about hid- den arms had been found. Christian Fouchct, newly named French high commissioner in Al- geria, called all top officials to an emergency conference in barri- caded Rocher Noir, administra- ive headquarters east of Algiers The trouble in Algiers began when the secret army distributed eaflets and posters calling for a seaceful march on Bab cl Oued, the rightist suburban stronghold encircled by 20.000 French since savage street fighting there last Friday. "Come without arms to demon- strate moral support for Bab ci the posters said. The European settlers of the cily already had paralyzed Al- giers with a general strike. And now many were ready to show thoir solidarity with a march. "We need martyrs." a spokes- man for the secret army, had told reporters. And iji a little more ban an hour of fighting the se- cret army got its wish. As (he strike brought street Iraffic to a hall and slopped the power supply, thousands of men and women began massing in the heart of Algiers. While helicopters whirred over head the first shots echoed in the streets. Panic stricken crowds fled through Ihe heart ef Ihe city as helicopters hurled down tear gas bombs. Texas Legislature Might Be Changed WEATHER IHetl I; ,AN" NORTHWEST fair Tucjdav Ihroujh T TEXAS: SOUTHWEST TEXAS; Fair and ralld M a a TO TEMPKXATUKES t-M 75 ___ 75 ___ 7S 75 Nllh iiiid low Una dato Ual VMr TROOPS IN ALGIERS French government soldiers are shown in positions around the beseiged Bab el Oued district of Algiers Monday. They sealed off the district where they battled European rightists. {AP Wirephoto via radio from Algiers) By BOB HOOKER AUSTIN {AP) -The U.S. Su- preme Court issued a ruling Mon- day which in the future could mean a major reshuffling of rep- resentation in Texas' Legislature. The high court abandoned its traditional reluctance to enter the area of states' legislative appor- tionment and ruled lhat city are entitled Io hearings in federal courts in their complaints about unfair representation slate legislatures. The ruling was made on a Ten- nessee suit, but could have na- tionwide repercussions. Many stales' constitutions including Texas, require equal rcpresenta- .ion in one or both houses of their egislatures, while obvious inequi ties exist. In Texas, as in most stales, the necjuities occur primarily in the lopsided representalion of rural areas over cities in comparison io rural-urban population. For example, in the Texas House Ihe member from Rock- wall and Kaufman counties rep resents people, most of whom live in the country. Across ihe aisle is a representative from Dallas who represents city people. It is the same story in the Senate, which is divided on the basis of qualified voters instead of population. The senator from Harris Coun- ty represents people. His Relaleil story, Pg. 7-A colleague from rural District 16 in Central Texas represents only The rapid shift in population from the farm to the city gen- erally is credited with the in- equities in representalion in most states, including Texas. According to the latest census, 75 per cent of all Texans now live in urban areas. Between 1S50 and I960, Texas' total population jumped 24.2 per cent, but Ih.e urban population swelled 46.8 per cent while the rural population dropped 16.7 per cent. The lopsided apportionment in the Texas Legislature stems pri- marily from two constitutional provisions: One sets a maximum of seven representatives from any one county unlii the population ex- ceeds 700.000 and then permits only one representative for each people. The other sets a flat maximum of one senator per county, re- gardless of population. The legislature redistrieted last year, making the representation somewhat more -equal in tha House, but weighting it more heavily in the Senate. The state's four largest conn- i ties had 12.9 per cent of the Sen- See TEXAS, Pg. 6-A, Col. 1 A. B. Lankford Succumbs at 62 BALL1NGF.R (RNS) A. B. Lankford, 62, president of T. S. Lankford and Sons in Abilene, R clothing manufacturing firm, died Monday at p.m. in Ballinger inic Hospital. He suffered a heart attack while driving in Bal- linger Sunday night. .Services will be held Wednesday at 2 p.m. at Central Presbyterian Church in Abilene with the Rev. Harry Sarles. former pastor now in Denton, officiating, assisted by the Rev. Willis P. Gerhart, retired Episcopal minisler. Burial under direction of Elliott's Funeral Home will be in Elmwood Me- morial Park. Mr. Lankford was born Oct. 25. 1899, in Ballinger, son of Ihe late T. S. and Aria Lankford. He grad- uated from Ballinger High School and attended Daniel Baker Col- lege, Howard Payne College and Trinity University. His father founded the firm fn Ballinger in 1922, later moving it to Abilene.- A. B. Lankford wns an cider i the Central Presbyterian Church and held membership in Ihe Abilene Club, Abilene Country Club and Petroleum Club. A Ma- son, Mr. Lankford was also former dircclor of Chamber of Commerce in Abilene. Ho was vice president of Southern Garment Manufacturers Assn. lachiiU mtu A. B. LA.VKFORD clothing manufacturer daughler, Patsy Lankford of Hous- seven sisters, Mrs, Maurle Guin, Mrs. Ludio Thornley Mrs. Willie Hobbs, all of Abilene; Mrs. Nell Moore of Fort Worth, Mrs. Bess Procter and Mrs. Get- aldine Proclor, both of Midway City, Calif., ami Mrs. Grace Jay of Sweet water; and two W. G. stv) C. F., both of AbiltM, The clothing botr, SM LANKFORO. PJ. M, ;