Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 27, 1938, Abilene, Texas
0 (ft®f)e ^toilette Reporter-Jictos;“ WITHOUT, OR WIT/I OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WO RLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES,’’-Byron
VOL. LYU. NO. 309. ABILENE, TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 27, 1938. THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS.
PRICE 5 CENTS
WITH WIND, LIGHTNING—Spring Rains Ranging To 6 Inches Soak West Texas
MILK FUND BENEFICIARY STANDS TO LOSE WEIGHT HE S GAINED AS CONTRIBUTIONS FALL BEHIND
Bv SARAH HELEN PEARCE
johnny is nine years old. small for his age. He has three brothers, and hts father is a WPA worker on part time. Johnny’s diet consists chiefly of potatoes and red beans, because potatoes and red beans are more filling than anything cia* his mother can find for
Johnny is a composite of all boys and girls who since November have had their diets supplemented by milk provided by the PTA milk fund. He's been getting along better in school, because every day he’s been able to drink more than a pint of concentrated energy the milk
man brings every morning.
He's gained from four to six pounds since November, and has shown an appreciable change of attitude. When Johnny’s father can find work outside his WPA Job. he's able to provide milk and green vegetables for Johnny and his brothers and sisters. But Jobs
are hard to find, and harder to keep, and Johnny and his family can exist on beans and potatoes.
Of course, Johnny likely will grow up unable to resist disease, and it’s hard for him to go to school with no more energy than he has and with Illnesses he has to combat.
And unler>s something hap
pens. Johnny is going to have to get along on beans and potatoes without the extra food value of milk. Becasse the PTA milk fund, through which 386 youngsters have been provided more than a pint of milk a day, will be gone by the time this month's bill Is paid. Not cnly will the fund be gone, but
there will still be a debt of $37.
It takes Just about $700 a month to provide about a pint of milk a day for 366 youngsters. That's $1,400 for the two remaining months of school. A lot of money, but you fellows wjho buy milk for a family of three or four youngsters know it’s pretty cheap at that.
The grammar school health book prescribes a quart of milk a day for growing children. Johnny and the other 365 youngsters on the milk fund list received little more than half that amount a day. And from the looks of the milk
See MILK FUND, Pg. % Col. 6
French Labor Crisis Widens
Communists Propose Nationwide Strikes As Gesture Favoring Blum
PARIS, March 26—(AP)—Communists tonight proposed organization of nationwide general strikes as the best means of backing the popular front government’s fight for life.
Tile Paris communist party unit declared in a letter to Paris metal workers that the senate's “reactionary” opposition to Premier Leon Blum must be met by a “powerful demonstration by the masses.”
The communist letter was considered by many labor leaders -—- as an open demand for strikes
SALLY IS A SMART CLUCK
BY INSURGENT REPORTS
Seek Easier REC Loan Channels
New Deal Would Liberalize Agency To Aid Business
By JOHN VV. HENDERSON
WASHINGTON. March 26—oTV-Tiro administration asked congress today to authorize a virtually unlimited program of government . loans to business and a resumption of self-liquidating loan* to public bodies.
The administration’s proposal would enable the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to make bust-ness loans on a long-term basis, meeting directly the complaint of many business men that such cred- ^ its were not available.
The RPC would be given power also to buy securities of private corporations. opening the way for capital leans for expansion and new construction Small business men have complained to the government that capital for those purposes was difficult to obtain except in large quantities.
LD GIVES OKEH
Making public a letter from Jesse Jones, RPC chairman, requesting the new authority be granted. Senator Glass (D-Va) said he already had introduced legislation designed to carry out the administration's recommendations.
Jones said in his letter President Roosevelt had authorized him to make the request.
Under existing law the RPC la prohibited from making loans maturing later than January 31. 1945. The total of all private loans outstanding can not be more than 630D.000.000. Both restriction* would be eliminated under the administration proposal.
Tile corporation would be restricted only by its Judgment as to the solvency of the borrower and the soundness of the loan.
It would be required to determine that the loan or security was of a nature "reasonably to assure retirement or repayment."
Master Farmer Of Runnels Selected
Lange In Running For State Award
BALLINGER, March 28.— tSpl) —Walter Lange Jr. has been selected as the master farmer of Runnels county for this year. County Agent John A. Barton and home demonstration agent Myra Tankersley have announced. Lange will be this county's entrant in the statewide contest for the master farmer award for 1938.
Lange has bee* one of most successful farmers In this county for several years. Last year his son was awarded a trip to Chicago for outstanding club work.
The contest for the farm award Includes work by the entire family. Tile score card calls for farm and home Improvement, farm products and livestock, as well as equipment being used in producing the farm products.
Tile score card used in measuring the farm includes a check-up on the home, which specifies a living room, dining room, modern kitchen with hot and cold water and a bathroom.
Tile yard surrounding the home Is also considered. Crop production and livestock raising is included in the scoring to complete the checkup.
greater than those of June, 1936 when an estimated million and a half workers occupied French factories.
It came as a rising tide of strikes and Prances chronic financial troubles put high obstacles in the government’s path.
Paris communists agreed to join socialists and the general confederation of workers in strikes "not only in Paris but throughout France.”
DEMONSTRATION FOR BLUM
Labor, fearful that the conflict between Premier Leon Blum's cabinet and the conservative senate majority might mean an attempt to replace the government with a "public safety" dictatorship, staged a vast protest demonstration.
Meanwhile, the premier searched for a way around senate opposition to rearmament expenditure under his guidance and the ranks of disgruntled strikers grew to almost 30.000.
Informed sources said they would not be surprised lf a crisis, averted when Blum bow«i to the senate's will Thursday, were to come next week.
ALL SIDES ANXIOUS
Anxiety was apparent on all sides to get the rearmament program under way in view' of the dangerous situation developing on Prances frontiers.
About 30.000 workers packed Buffalo stadium today to protest against senate opposition to Blum, against the French policy of "hands off Spain" and against ••provocation and resistance of employers to collective contracts."
The mass meeting was called by the general confederation of labor which has 5.000.000 followers.
Introducing Sally, the harmonizing hen of Independence,
Kps . who can lay an egg and still be an artist. Beside Sally is her 15-year-old mistress.
Caleen Wagoner, who vows that her pet can cackle the Braies and do a fair job of following a tune as it is played on the piano.
OIL INDUSTRY IS BUSINESS INSTITUTION, JUDGES TOLD
Hunter Emphasizes Improper Ideo Of Fraternity Jeopardizes Development
Rebels Claim Enemy In Rout
More Than 10,000 Gov't Troops Said Cornered In Hills
HENDAYE, France (at the Spanish Frontier)—March 27—(Sunday) —(JP)—Embatted government troops numbering between 10.000 and 20,-
000 were reported trapped in the Alcubierre mountains early today by insurgent hordes sweeping eastward
1 toward the Mediterranean.
J While insurgent commanders reported government defenders in i "complete rout" along sections of the 135-mile Aragon front, two insurgent columns were said to have encircled the mountain, 25 miles east of Zaragoza.
At the same time a third insurgent column smashed into rich Castellon province, hitherto untouched by insurgent Generalissimo Francisco Franco's fighters.
OPENS WAY TO SOUTH Military advices said insurgent troops laid seige to Sarinena 15 I miles north of the Alcubierre mountains, Joining forces with a motorized column from BuJaraloz. captured by the insurgents yesterday.
Sarinena has been a base for government forces defending elaborate fortifications in the mountains to the south.
Insurgent dispatches ?aid the entire Sip ra was surrounded and that all villages on the northeastern slopes, including Lanaja. were now in the hands of Franco's fighters.
After storming into Castellon province, the insurgents headed for the village of Zorita, Rbout 40 miles from the sea Franco's forces on the Aragon front north of the town put on r forward spurt, while on the southern front the insurgents reported they were sweeping forward with little or no resistance.
PRISONERS TAKEN South of the Ebro river, the insurgents said the government forces were in full Bight. North of the
ABILENE'S RAIN RECORD SINCE 1926
J un a_
November December TOT A Ut
1926' 19271 1928 1929: 1930 19311 19321 1933' 1934 1935; 1936 1937' 1936
1.44| .SSI .251 .48; .MI 1-881 l7l>| .&j]_.341 .521 .SOI_.90 1.49
~T. ’| 2 28 ^78 I 40|_.06 2.54 3.12 _1 41: .77| 2 95 _.12l_ 03 I 23
3.65J -MI .431~St.721 .tTflIl*| .ISI .70 3.231 .59' .841 1.34 2 83*
3 86 3.87; .93, 1.18 2.23 2 15 2 67 -43| 3.611 1.581 4.081 1.181
” 2 65' ~~.78UT031~4.22 5 39 1.14 IO 99 7.85 1 45 6 40, 2.75I 2A4I
5 78 89 2 521 .13 I 73' I 22 4 IS! .1*1 4* 5 161 OI 2.82
2 66 I 89 3.05 _.6I .47 2-311 4-481 .Mi .82 1 73 2.08|_.22!__
~ I 42 ~ .66 5 61 .05 TS9 .311 4.05; .60' .15 .#T| .12 3 34
74$j~lTt$i~~.M| 4-971 4.881 .Mll0.53l_.40l_.Mr6 22 7 32 1,521_
2.22 ~71 I 52 3 28 S 75 IO 21 .34 .39 .18 2 25 2 42 2.70 _
.68 ^7127481 ~.50!J.S3l_3.491_.01|_2.70|J.45ri:i9l_.63|_.80!_
6 69 .56! 83 _. 14 2 43 l?*6 4 321 I 64 .39 .49! .77 2 89
Ti 59 19 40(29 68 19 11(26 66 28 26 46 43 17.72 13.41 29.42 22 85 19 86 5.55
Jews Ordered Out Of Austria
'We Don't Care To Live With Them,' Declares Goering
City Measures Record March Precipitation
Electrical Bolt Hits Anson Home; Storm At Drasco
April showers, unmindful of the calendar, began falling a week ahead of schedule yesterday throughout Central West Texas.
Before dark they had turned into two- and three-inch deluges, with as much as five and six inches of moisture reported in isolated spots.
Variance in measurements Indicated precipitation men of the thundershower variety despite volume of the fall Electrical displays accompanied the storm at several points.
Arch Herndon was mildly shocked W’hen a bolt of lightning struck his home in southwest Anson. Splintered rafters were ignited but several buckets cf water extinquish-ed the blaze. The gauge there said only .97 inch, but the rain put six feet of water in Anson’s new lako during the day and 18 inches in the city s old lake. Precipitation for i the week was increased to 1.45 Inches.
High winds forced out stained glass panes of art windows in the Baptist church at Drasco, half a dozen miles north of Winters. Moisture there measured an inch and a half. Winters’ city lake stored water for the first time in several months.
Hailstones falling at half a dozen spots caused the only other los« which had been reported late Saturday night. Crop damage was believed light.
ABILENE GETS 2.28 Weatherman W. H. Green report-
\ IENNA, March 28.—TA*)—Field Marshal General Hermann Wilhelm Goering, No. 2 Nazi, warned Jews tonight they must get out of Austria.
Ip a smashing, plebiscite campaign ^ ^ inches of rain in Abilene bv
(See story’ to left.)
Mediterranean Tension Grows
speech to 50.000 Austrians who we!* corned him to Vienna as "Our Hermann’’ he declared :
‘‘Vienna was not a German city because 300,000 Jews live here. Vienna must become German agnin. The Jew must know we do not care to live with him. He must go."
Then Goering outlined Germany’s greater Austria program, said the courts would consider the circumstances of ’ Schuschnigg s fake plebiscite plan.” and announced with a derisive fling at the Hapsburgs that the monarchist movement is forever dead.
, He said national socialism has no desire to destroy the church or re-
9 o'clock last night, time for his final reading of the day. It was the heaviest 24-hour fall ever recorded here wholly within the month
See WEATHER, Pf. 12. Col. I
EVENTS TO COME IN WEST TEXAS •
BAIRD—April 5 has been designated as date of a county election. to determine whether four per cent beer wlil continue to be sold. STAMFORD — Stamford college
LONDON, March 26.-JJP —British and French security in the Mediterranean became a more vital issue tonight as sweeping Insurgent advances put the Spanish government
Coop Cheese Plant Opens At Haskell
HASKELL, March 26—Operation has been started by Haskell's new $10,000 cooperative cheese plant.
V. L. Alford, manager, formerly with Western Produce company in Abilene, reported that volume of milk brought in by patrons was pleasing to himself and other officials.
The plant has a capacity for handling 20,000 to 30.000 gallons of milk daily, and can produce 2,200 to 3.200 pounds of cheese in 24 hours.
The factory will operate seven days per week, and if business warrants, will be run day and night.
UT Elects New Prof
AUSTIN, March 26—tTPi—University of Texas regents today appointed Dr. James Umstattd of Wayne university, Detroit, professor of sec-ondary education in the school of education, effective in September.
iiuuMiy la a uuau:coa iiis'uuwuu—iiui uic ftri-iRii-muLA r\f]* *hnt r»f Ca i . . . ' put uiv opaiiiau fcvvci luiixrii
20 years ago—was voiced by J. C. Hunter, president of j “t d ^ *„n®’ in perhaps the mast dangerous posl
Texas Oil A Gas association at the closing session of J ‘ 0 nver* non of the 20-month civil war.
a number of government prisoners were raptured along with materials which the insurgents said "exceeded our wildest hopes"
I ligion but warned "there will be no exes will hold their annual meeting compromise if religion meddles in here April 9. Three hundred invlta-polltics.” tions have been mailed.
ALL AUSTRIA LISTENS MUNDAY—Munday Lions club
He disclosed that a vast public wiU sponsor the state AAU girls' works program had been planned. I volleyball contest April I aid 2. Hundreds of cheers greeted every
sally of the field marshal. Traffic in the district war
How much longer lh, defending '“T1''!;
Spaniards could hold out unless the lAJTfljS
tin. in el,ani, tnr campaiRn for a yes vote in the
BROWNWOOD. March 26—Warning that development of oil resources in West Texas is in Jeopardy unless the public awakes to realiza- .. ,____
Lion that the oil industry is a business institution—not the get-rich-quick Hf1. cKrt, ..n
enterprise it was the West Central
- — ---------- --------- the West Texas County Judges and
..... m , -....... Commissioners association here to
Revision of the county officers’ salary measure was also requested today in a resolution at the convention. and in another, congressmen were urged to study carefully before passing the proposed na-
UMI government recantation , Vof- if' 5^‘’“I8" "if !ecu'">', of bo,h drm°: fJSdhlm nlRht ^
D*!*. tg-insvni *«(.*_<-» v .cratic nations, neither government J nr.iip nazi inrea.s iorcea nim «i»v.t Uuitr.n
ftft ENT TWAS: Clo*aly. rain In th* Panhandle sunday; Monday liar.Ii . Saudi and wnmw'r.
EAST TKX4S; Shower*, cooler In ra*t and aonth portion* sunday : Monday partly cloudy, wanner In the Interior, Errah to alruna ahlftin* wind* on the co«*t, he-,fooling northerly '*unday.
OKLAHOMA: Haln sunday I Monday
parti' cloud: and warmer.
NT H MEXICO: Rain or inn* Sunday J Monday unsettled and warmer.
Rang* of temperature yesterday: A. M. HOI R
7! ............. I ............
71 ............. J ............
79 ............. S ............
59 ............. 4 ............
ftfl ............. ft ............
Vt ............. 6 ............
SI ............ 7 ............
49 ............. 8 ............
4ft ............. H ............
4 ft ...........
Loraine Votes Gym, Auditorium Bonds
LORAINE. March 26 — iSpl)
tide turned unexpectedly in their favor or outside aid came was a matter of wide speculation.
But despite fears held by many British and French that a victory
April IO plebiscite on union of the
MERKEL—First of the seasons
six free rodeos in Merkel will be held April 23.
SWEETWATER—Second of a series of fight nights will be held here under AAU direction and American Legion sponsorship Thurs-
two countries, from loudspeakers day scattered throughout the nation. A series o. meetings has been an-
. nounced throughout Nolan county This plebiscite fake will c6me be- for discussion6
by the insurgents with Italian and fo:e t>)9 courts,’ he said in discuss- pr0gram t>v county Agent** R* b German Help would seriously en-' ‘2^35 T*”- *U1 10 Whl"
BIG SPRING CHOSEN
Big Spring was selected as the next convention city over Amarillo and El Paso. The meeting will be held in September at which time
school district today approved a $10, OOO bond issue by a 124 to 21 ballot.
Fhirpose of the bonds is to build a combination gymnasium and auditorium. Also included in construc-
44 44 44 44 4 1 43 43 43 43
new officers will be elected. Regis- tion plans are two new classrooms
and division of the present audl torium into four classrooms.
Hlghf«t Bint I»wrat tffuprrnturr* to •
P. rn. yraterdBj, 73-42; Ban ie dale » year ugli, 37-30,
SUMM*t yentrrilay, «:,*>»; *ifirl*«« today. I ll; lunirl rodm, ti:.VV
llanfall fur 24 hour* nilling at 9
p. rn. 2.28.
tratious were 275.
Hunter told the assembly that times had changed since the day oil sold at $.1.50 pe barrel. tion for a Works Progress adminis-
"Unless the public realizes this tration project, which, if approved
change and accepts it, gets r d of probably will make cost of construc-
erroneous assumption that the oil tion about $15,000.
man is rolling In wealth, and comes to the realization that all are in the oil business, this valuable source of employment, development of business and assistance to the
indicated any change from the po Hey of nonintervention.
PI SH NEGOTIATIONS The British government, seeming- ^®ce trial iy lass concerned than Fiance over . . im. _ ,
Spains future; pressed on toward . WfIfref S FotHor Dies an attempted settlement with Italy, J seeking thereby to preclude possible Trustees propose to Tile aDDlic*. balian domination in Spain
m _ ... ppuv A T *•* fr\pr*y a ri a«t In D/n*.
out of Office d*y Hylton Wednesday
afternoon, Divide Wednesday night, Goering was not specific as to Black Thursday night and High-whether Schuschnigg himself might iand Friday night.
SAN FRANCISCO!. March 26— flc*—Dr. Paul Martin Pearson, 66.
Informed quarters in Rome how- former governor of the Virgin is
ever said completion of an Italo-British accord was being delayed by
COLEMAN—A home demonstration training school for the county's 25 clubs will be held Saturday.
Baseball and tennis events of the county meet will be held Saturday.
O'DONNELL — O Donnell rodeo will be held April 22-23.
ROSCOE—Volleyball and basket-
See HUNTER P*. 9. Col 7
POTENTIAL KLONDIKE RUSH—
Magistrate Thwarts Unique Enterprise Of Seekers-After-Gold In New York Sewers
Paraguay Suggested As Refugee Haven
WASHINGTON. March 26 - P --Represerrtative Dies (D-Texas) proposed today that political refu-I gees from Germany and Austria be colonized in Paraguay, South American republic which he said has thousands of unpopulated acres.
The Texan directed his suggestion to Secretary Hull, who three days ago called on other govern-I ments to Join the United States in aiding such refugees.
lands and father of Drew Pearson,
Washington. D. C.. newspaper ball girls will sponsor a 42 tour-the necessity of otbaining agree- columnist, died at Stanford hospital nament in the school gymnasium ment of Fiance and Soviet Russia..here tonight. I Tuesday night.
from whom aid has gone to the --------------—----
Spanish government, to the proposal for withdrawing foreign combatants from Spain.
The British govermnet was giving priority to its quickened rearmament drift e.
Organized labor's mihons of workers in Britain apparently were ready to negotiate on a non-political basis with the government on their part in the greater rearmament effort.
RELATE PLAN MONDAY F*rime Minister Neville Chamber-lain arranged to lay the govern-
'STEPCHILD' GETS ATTENTION—
Paving Start On Sandy Highway Occasion For Swenson Gaiety
SWENSON, March promptu celebration
ments genera plan for Intensified here Friday.
Dies said that unless his prooasal of defenc* preparations be-
...... p' fore industrial leaders oMnday.
BY GARDNER BRIDGE
NEW YORK. March 26 An— A gold rush that might have developed into a subterranean Klondike was averted today when Magistrate Irving Ben Cooper ordered three young 1938 forty-niners to quit panning the city sewers.
An early-rising resident of th3 Bronx, taking a brisk one-two-three in front of his bedroom window, was horrified to see three dark figures sulking around an open manhole at Tremont avenue and Southern boulevard tills morning.
Bounding to the telephone, he shrieked an alarm of murder. At that very moment, he said, the assassins were lowering the
body of their victim Into the labyrinlhian sewer system The police arrived and .seized the three skulkers. Several hours later they turned up, considerably bewildered and somewhat muddy, in front of Magistrate Cooper.
After ascertaining that their names were, respectively. Leuis Cassano, 25, Anthony Cassano, 20, his brother, and Joseph Mar-rone. 20, he inquired the nature of their nocturnal prowling.
"We were just looking for gold." said Louis Cassano. "You know, old gold.’’
"Gold, old gold?" inquired the magistrate archly. He demanded details.
It developed then that the Cassano brothers and their fellow argonaut, Marrons, had dis-covered that the ‘sewers were indeed nothing less than Bonanza creeks.
During the last eight months, working in the early morning hours when traffic was light, thcv had panned enough old gold to yield them an average weekly income of from $35 to $50 They fished out gold teeth, coins and jewelry of ev'erv description. once they found a diamond ring that brought $150, they said.
The magistrate w as impressed with their enterprise, but ordered them to tease +nci desist.
or something like it was adopted the United States would be flooded by the persecuted and jobless of Europe.
Inspiring it all was the begin nlng of concrete paving on high-
The labor party, disappointed at way 18 tha, wU1 rover one of the Chambetlaina Spanish policy and sandiest stretches of road in West
skeptical of Italo-Brltish negotia-
IV\a.', on a highway long con
New County Agent
For Haskell Named I Ballinger Baptist
lions, promised maenwhile to keep up . neclected "stepchild" in
its attacks on the government. a neglected siepcnna in
HASKELL. March 26— (Spl.)—O. R Schumann, county agent of Archer county for the past two years. Saturday was named successor to B. W. Chesser, Haskell county farm agent who recently was appointed to a position with the soil conservation service.
The new agent will come to Haskell within a few dais to assume duties April I Chesser, retiring agent, came to Haskell from Crosby
BALLINGER, March Ballinger Baptist church will open its Spruig revival Sunday, April 3 for two weeks of services.
The pastor, the Rev. Clarence A Morton, will preach from John 3:15 each night during the two ftveeks. Morning services will also be held.
Mrs. I Sehermeihorn ftft^l be the organist, and singing will be led by
the Texas system.
L H. Lacy Co.. Dallas, contractors. started work on the main street of Swenson. The concrete
will extend five and one-half miles
26—The westward, nearly to the Salt Fork
of the Brazos river. The concrete type, first such paving built in Stonewall county, will be used on the sandy stretch. At its west end a 6 1-2 mile section of asphaltic paving will be laid to extend to the Kent county line. Base for this
segment now Is being built. Citizens af this section have
26 —An im- j sion at its next letting will take took p.ace ^ miles of highway 18 in
Field Bros., Lubbock, are contractors for an 8-mile section of highway 18 from Swenson east to Aspermont, while construction of surfacing from Aspermont to the Haskell county line west of Sagerton is to begin shortly.
When these projects, now under way. are finished, there will be a continuously paved highway from Stamford to Lubbock, via Nos. 18, 84 and 7, with exception of 15 miles in Kent county.
The route of No. 18, as relocated for the paving, causes it to run two miles north of Peacock, whereas it formerly ran through town. The highway department has promised, however, to build a paved road from Peacock to connect
county two and a flail years ago. i Bill Souther 04 Fort Worth*©
4 been assured the highway commis- . with the highway*