Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 26, 1954, Abilene, Texas
VOL. LXXIII, No. 283Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 26, 1954—TWENTY-SIX PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
$1 Billion Excise Tax Cuts OKd After Senate Battle
LEARNS TO WALK AGAIN—Ginger Gray, 11, takes faltering steps toward her mother, Mrs. Ernest Gray, in Bremerton, Wash., to show how she is learing to walk again. She was blind, mute and paralyzed after a two-month coma from automobile wreck injuries. Now she is recovering, despite a doctor’s prediction of death. She can see and also is learning to talk again. ____
HOUSE PANEL KNOTTED
Gas Price Breaks Into
Related News on Pg. 5-B
Pyle of Fort Worth voted against
By KATHRYN DUFF Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTIN, March 25. — The un-
,ha de.ay and ..roke anotder ,ie a the first time in the special session few minutes later to set the bills
Thursday. at 7:30 p.m. Monday. Kimbrough
It broke out in the House Oil and i and Kirklin voted against setting
Gas Committee as the panel met | the bills. . , months
to set hearing on two minimum interest in the bills was very evi- lod lïïi
Coleman Clerk Not to Serve Time for DWI
Taylor County Judge Heed Ingals-be said Thursday he will su.spend a 90-day jail term which a county court jury assessed Thomas Her-mon Corder, Coleman County district clerk.
Corder wa.s tried here Feb. 26 and found guilty as charged with driving while intoxicated. The jury fixed his puni.shment at a S500 fine and 90 days in jail. The conviction has been carried to the Court of Criminal Appeals.
Ingalsbe said he agreed to suspend the sentence for a period of two years after all six men who served on the jury made a written recommendation. Five of the jurors were in favor of suspending all of the sentence and one man suggested that Corder be required to serve 30 days in jail with the balance of the term suspended.
Ingalsbe was guided by the majority of the jurors. He said his decision'in this action also took into consideration a promise that the appeal of the conviction would be dismissed.
Malcolm Schulz, attorney for Corder, said Thursday he would ask for the appeal to be dismissed.
The county judge’s authority to suspend jail sentences comes under an act passed by the Texas Legislature in 19.53 The act provides that in DWI cases a county judge may. at his discretion, commute a sentence to a probation per-
1st General Slash Of Last 30 Years
DONNA REED . . second best
WILLIAM HOLDEN . . . best actor
AUDREY HEPBURN . . . best actress
TWO we,. Texan,, .ohn Kin.- Sd
brough of Haskell and W. G. Kirk- j„„r„ed for the week end. But Hons but this can also be suspend
lin of Odessa, led a futile fight to | many members — and many non- <*d. favored
bottle up the hills. Kirklin tried to members interested in the meas- Members of
put through a series of m^otlons . „re - gathered around the table suspending
asking that the bills not he set i¡s,en in on the proceedings. were J. \. A«;h St •
for public hearing until an opinion. Operations of the committee got ' Oscar
is received from the attorney gen-1 tangled by conflicting and sub-
eral on whether the hills are with-1 motions that Chairman Pyle
In the governor’s call. ! ^all for the House parlia-
One of the two lulls would set a mentarían to help on his nilings.
minimum price for natural Ras In j p^jg would not rule on
Texas at 7 cents per thousand. The ^ .^.^ether price bills are within the
other would specifically give the „oyprnor’s call.
Railroad Commission the power to i -----
let minimum prices. !
The Oil and Gas committee was j knotted — 8 to 8. Chairman Joe ;
James F. Conlan, 834 Lexington; Stanley V. E. Smith. 1126 Willis St., and Louis Smith, 626 Mesquite St.’John W. Young. Jr., 1181 Barrow St.. who was foreman of the jury, asked that only 60 days be suspended.
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100 Reported Killed In Mine Explosion
VIENNA, Austria W—Warsaw radio said today that a large number of Polish coal miners—possibly as many as 100-had been killed in a major mine explosion at in Sile.sia.
East Germany Gets Reds' Recognition
BERLIN, March 25 The Soviet Union announced tonight it is recognizing East Germany as a fully sovereign state. Tjiejnove was immediately labeled by the U. S, State Department as a phony gesture.
The Soviet announcement, circulated bv the East German news agency ADN. said Russian troops would still be stationed in the Soviet zone, a precaution which would assure continued tight control by the Kremlin.
In W'ashington, the Sfate Department recalled that only nine months ago the East Germans
^T*he broadcast said that I ^
iral •’s’co^V"'ot'%e mTnori were' manding free elections. It said the buried and could not be pulled out In time to save them.
■entire puppet regime would col lapse under the weight of hatred
State Senators Okay Tax Hikes
AUSTIN, March 25 —A bill to
raise $25.600,000 more per year by Increasing beer, franchise, and natural gas production taxes won Ifa-4 approval from the House Revenue and Taxation Committee today. , .
Generally accepted as Gov. Shiv- ^ ers’ tax plan, the bill now goes to ; the Hous^ floor
Rep. Joe Kilgore. Me he hoped to secure House action Monday.
The bill follows Shivers’ tax recommendation with one exception.
The exception dealt with what type of tax to put on natural gas.
tion tax from 5.72 per cent of inar-ket value at the w'ellhead to 9.06 per cent. That would raise an estimated 14 million dollars a year.
The beer tax would advance from $1.37 a barrel to $2 rel, netting the state roughly 3 miilion dollars more annually. Test of Strength
and hostility of the populace” if Soviet troops were withdrawn. Soviet tanks were called out last June to suppress workers’ revolts.
The Soviet move was seen by observers here as another stage of the long-waged fight bv Moscow to win Western recognition of the East German Communist government which was instituted without an election after the Western Powers had set up a central West German government at Bonn.
Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov advanced several stratc-gems at the recent four-power con-cerence in Berlin to get the East German government recognized. The Western Powers took the position that the regime represents nobody but the Communist party and refused to treat with it.
The West German government, based on pojHilar elections and a Parliament, has been granted authority over nearly all its Internal affairs and its foreign policy by the Western Powers, but it is not yet a sovereign government, 'The Western representatives in West Germany are still high commissioners, not ambassadors.
The West has consistently maintained that any unification of Germany must he on a basis of free, nationwide elections.
The ADN announcement said the Soviet Union considered that closer ties between East and West Germany were necessary for the reunification of Germany.
The agency indicated that Vladimir Semvenov, who is ambassador as well as Soviet high commls-.sioner to Fast Germany, would function about the same as before, to supervise the
Ex-Aide Says Red Dupes Still Hold Key Jobs
WASHINGTON, March 25 —
Spruille Braden, forMier assistant secretary of sfate, testified today that “young Soviets” are apparently still pulling wires in the State Department as he said they were during World War II.
Some of them, he indicated, may be under the thumb of Communists operating behind the .scenes.
Testifying before the Senate Internal Security subcommittee, Braden declared:
‘‘Swarms of state interventionists have been injected or absorbed into the agencies having to do with our foreign operations. Behind them, In the wings, developing and pushing plans, infiltrating not only our political structures but education, the press and elsewhere, exists an unidentifiable but nonetheless effective ‘they.’ “Among the ‘they,’ we may expect to find the dangerous Com-muni.sts and traitors.”
Braden described the offstage conspirators as ‘‘diabolically Ingenious” and said that “state interventionists and do-gooders” within the department “often turn out to be puppets who can be juggled by ‘they.’ ”
The former diplomat said he could give no names, but in referring to “young Soviets” in the department he said:
“Until you get rid of them. I don’t think you are going to cure the situation.”
Braden made the comment after Sen. John M. Butler (R-Md) asked if it was true that even with the changeover in the department’s ‘‘top echelon” under the Eisenhower administration, “the people who make the policy are the same ones who have been there for years.” “That is my conviction,” Braden replied, “By and large, the same piHiple are doing the same thing.” The subcommittee, under the chairmanship of Sen. Jenner (R-Ind), called Braden as the lead-off witness in the latest of its efforts to expose what Jenner calls “the pattern” of Communist Infiltration into the federal government.
Holden, Miss Hepburn Win Top '54 Oscars
HOLLYWOOD, March 25 OP-Audrey Hepburn, the lovely prin-cess of “Roman Holiday,” and ^ ^,an,or girl who
William Holden, hard-bitten war pjayed a loose woman in “F’rom captive in “Stalag 17.” won the top Here to Eternity,” won the Oscar Oscars in the Academy Awards for the best supporting actress of . 11*10 year,
tonigm. Other awards were:
“From Here to Eternity was Rest scoring of a musical pic-announced the best picture of turc* “Call Me Madam,” scored 1953, and it swept awards for sup- by Alfred Newman.
porting players Frank Sinatra and Donna Reed, director Fred Zlnne-man and writer Dan Taradash. It won eight awards in all, tying the all-time record of “Gone With the Wind.”
Miss Hepburn. Dutch-born 24-year-old who lived under N^zi terror at Amheim, accepted her prize In New York. She was still in makeup for her stage role as a water sprite in “Ondlne.”
I am truly, truly grateful. I’m i .
terribly happy,” she said.
She won the Oscar in her first starring role,
Holden, 36-year-oM native of O’Fallon, 111., paced the lobby during the program. When hl.s name was announced as the winner, he rushed to the stage and all he could say was, “Thanks, thanks, thanks.”
WASHINGTON, March 25 (/P)—The Senate tonight passed a bill cutting a broad range of excise taxes by $1,034,000,000 after beating down efforts both to extend and also wipe out most of them.
The vote was 76 to 8.
The chamber refused, 54 to 34, to knock most tax cuts out of the bill despite veiled warnings by Sen. Byrd ID-Va) and others that the hydrogen bomb era may impose big new defense burdens on the American people.
As approved by the Senate, the measure provides for the first general cut in the excise levies in almost 30 years.
It would slice the tax on refrigerators and other household i appliances from 10 to 5 per cent and would almost trim feceral I sales taxes on dozens ot items such as admission tickets, furs,
I jewelry, cosmetics, sporting goods and telephone bills.
The Senate shouted approval of an amendment by Sen.
, Byrd to knock out the House-approved cut on the cabaret tax i applying in night clubs, restaurants with dancing and the like.
I The House cut this levy from 20 to 10 per cent. Byrd’s amendment restored the 20 per cent rate.
Adoption of the proposal had the effect of restoring 23 million dollars in revenue to the measure.
The measure now goes to conference with the House,
dramatic actor in “Eternity,” won vnfpH 012 million dol-
thc Oscar for the htvst supporting; VOted 012 million OOl
lars in cuts.
The conference Is expected to be held next Monday or Tuesday .so that the hill can l>e rush«‘d to '
President Eisenhower by Wednes-1 «lay. The cuts are scheduled to; take effect next Thursday. April 1.
OOP Against Cuts The administration has taken a general position against excise cut.s, because they will add about a hiUlon dollars to the $2.900,000,-000 deficit already forecast for the new financial year.
But Senate Republican leaders expressed confidence President Elsenhower will sign the measure.
The bill will save the Treasury $1.077.000,000 In added revenue for the next year by extending, to April 1, 1955. a series of boosts in major excises voted In 1951.
This revenue was counted on by
the Pre.sident when he drew up his *_______ .....
budget for the next year. He did below since
not make allowance for any excise passed through the
cots. from the northwest at 6 p.m.
Many of the rates being reduced Wednesday, were put on or pushed to high lev-1 Hjgh winds, dust and light show-els in World War II. Congress has moved through Abilene with been besieged since then for relief } the front. Only a trace of moisture
Best music score of a dramatic or comedy picture: “Lilt,” scored by Bronislau Kaper.
Best song: “Secret IjOvc.” music by Sammy Fain, lyrics by Paul Francis Webster.
Costume dealgn (black and white films); Edith Head, Paramount, for “Roman Holiday.”
Costume design (color films): “The Robe,” Charles Je Maire and Emile .Santiago.
Art direction ^black and white
Frank Sinatra, crooner turned director.
‘Julius "Caesar,” Cedric Gibbons and Edward Carfagno.
Art direction (color films): ‘The Robe,” l.yie Wheeler and George W, Davis.
Set dcc«>ration (black and white films): “The Kobe.” Walter M. Scott and Paul S. Fox.
.Sound recording: “From Here to Eternity,” Columbia Pictures Corp.; John P. Livadary, sound
Fair and Mild Weather Due
Generally fair and mild weather is forecast for the Abilene vicinity Friday and Saturday and chances are there won’t be much dust, the U. S. Weather Bureau said.
High temperature both days will be about 75 degrees. The low Friday night will be 45 to 50.
Dry air that moved into tixe area on the heels of a cold front Wednesday night erased the possibility of rain in the next two days. Fairly quiet winds out of the west and west - southw'est Friday and Saturday will lessen dust.
Visibility in Abilene went up to 10 mile* at 7 p.m. Thursday, hav-
FOR 3 ALAMO HEROES
The franchise tax rate ----, ,
' iuniD from $1.25 per $1.000 of tax-! though his rlgl\t to supervise the •Allen, said ^ corporate asset.s to $2 and operations of the East Gerrnan yield an extra $8.600,000 per year.* administration is being canceled, by the governor’s estimate. The agency said the f;as*
The committee’s strong endorse- was given the right to ment of the Shivers program was ; tide its internal and foreign poli-con.sidcred as significant. It was ties, and that the Soviet Union
type 01 lax lu >.uv , the first direct test of strength be-, w-ould
ShWers had suggested a gathering i tween Shivers and Speaker Reuben ship to Eas (•«‘rmanj as to any tax to replace the one knocked out senterfltt in the House. other aovereign f »te in the uorld^
tax to repia -Senterfitt had challenged Shiv- The Soviet Union will still keep
,.rs- ta* program yestaiday, 1^1-. Iroops In Ka.sl Germanv and maln-Kllgore abandoned llie galh. rins . ¡„g the House this is not Uie time lam oceupatlon rights, the an-tax in favor of an Increase in the ! tor new taxes. , : nouneement saId “"J 'h“" » »
— — rpyjp committee, appointed by j keep a gup on the occupied cou
aUhe gathering proposal in a hear- servative. In the regular. session j The Soviet Union will reserve
last year it did not approve a sin-
V. ». OKPARTMKN'T OF rOMMKRCE HF..ATHKK Bl'REAR'
ABILENE AND VJCINITY—Geni rally fair and mild Friday and Saturday. Hlfh temperature both «layi about 75. Low Friday ninht 43 to M.
north central TEXAS: Clear lo partly cloudy through Saturday, cooler
FrWay , , ^
WEST TEXAS; Clear to partly cloudy through Saturday: no Important change.
EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEX-AS Clear to partly cloudy Utrough Saturday, cooler Friday
by the Supreme Court
Want« Production Tax
present production levy after con- -----------
siderable opposition was levelled Senterfitt, is considered highly con
Shivers later said it did not particular!'/ matter to him whether a gathering or a production tax was
enacted. , .
Kilgore’s bill is designed to raise 125.600,000 a year in new money to pay raises for teachers and state employes.
It would Increase the gas produc-
gle tax measure Approval came after four witnesses opposed raising the produc-I tion tax on gas.
I Two Oppo»# Tax
Two speakers, B. R. Carney of Warren Petroleum Corp., Tulsa,
See TAX, Pg. 2-A, Col. J
The Soviet Union .such rights as are necessary to safeguard its own security, the announcement added.
In Washington, the State Department declined immediate comment. Officials said they had no official knowledge of the move. However, they went into a conference as soon as the report reached Washington.
Thur». A. M. Ibars. P. H
eo 1 30 . . «»
ss 2 30 .......... 70
Rg .... 3 30 ........... 73
M « 30 ............ 74
»3 9:30 ........... 74
50 ...... « 30 .. ....... 71
51 ...... 7 30 ........... «9
57 ............ 8 30 , .......... 80
«1 ............ » 30 ........... M
64 . ,. 10 :w .......... —
M , H 30 ............ -
67 . U 30 ........... —
High and low tempfraturoa for 34 houri ended at « 30 p. m • 74 and U High and low lemperaturet »ame dat« lost year. S3 and 48 ...
Sunaet la»t mght « 34 p m. Sunrla# today « 3« a. m. Sunaet tonight « 98 p m Barometer reading at t:30 p. m. 3i lt ReUiUva humidity »t f:SO p. m. »«%•
County's Namesake Plea to Lawmakers
Request that the Texas Legi.sla-ture officially declare Taylor County to have been named for three heroes of the Alamo was air - mailed to Austin Thur.sday afternoon.
Taylor County Commissioners’ Court sent the plea to Rep. Tniett I^atimer and Sen. Harley Sadler, both of Abilene. It asked them to introduce the hill.
The men who would be honored bv the naming are Edward, James and George Taylor, brothers, who died at the Alamo. Thev were from Liberty. Tex.
County Judge Reed Ingalsbe called the special meeting of the commissioners’ court Thursday afternoon to consider resolutions from patriotic societies and from the Abilene Chamber of Commerce. These resolutions asked that the court request the Legislature to pass the bill.
The U. S. Daughters of 1812 headed the movement after its two years’ research revealed that no official namesake had ever been proclaimed for this county.
That organization obtained the help of other patriotic groups in Abilene, interested individuals and the C-C.
Monument Planned If and when the legislature adopts the requested bill, the U. S. Daughters of 1812 will erect a monument or mailcer at the courthouse honoring the three Taylor brothers,
Mrs. Dallas Scarborough, historian for the Daughters of 1812, did two years’ research in an effort to learn for whom Taylor County was named. She found that no namesake was ever officially designated.
After she reported her flndlRgs to the Daughters of 1812. her organization sought and got cooperation from other patriotic societies and the C-C In deciding what to do about getting a namesake.
Last Tuesday Mrs. Scarborough was hostess for a luncheon of the Daughters of 1812 at the Country Club. Representatives attended
also from the C-C. the three local colleges. Daughters of the Amer -can Revolution, United Daughters of the Confederacy. Daughters of the Republic of Texas, the Mayflower Descendants, Sons of the
American Revolutiozi and Colonial Damts of the 17th Century.
Dr. Rujrert N. Richardson, noted West Texas historian, also attended the luncheon.
It was decided at that meeting that the combined groups would ask the county Commissioners’ Court to seek l„egislature action naming Taylor County for the Taylor brothers.
The C-C board of directors adopted a resolution asking the Commissioners’ Court for the same move.
Thursday the resolutions were presented to Judge Ingalsbe by Tommy Clack, president of the Daughters of 1812; .Mrs. Scarborough, and Bob Pointer, the latter representing C-C President George L. Mlnter, Jr.
was recorded at the weather bureau, but .12 of an Inch wts meas-1829 South
The House voted to cut all ex-1 rued in the city at cises to 10 per cent except those Eighth St. Tornadic winds dam-on liquor and tobacco. This meant | aged buildings in the Albany and relief on furs, jewelry, handbags I Throckmorton areas, and luggage, cosmetics. M>orting Rain totals varied over gcKKls, admis.sion tickets to movies , Texas. Clyde had .15; Brownwood. and other forms of entertainment, j .70; I.ake Brownwood, 1-10; Breck-safety deposit boxes, passenger enridge. .32; in the tornado area, fares on trains, planes and buses. | .70: Woodson, .20. Cisco, trace; telephone bills includinf both local ' Moran, .50; Putnam, .75. and long distance, telegraph i Eden. .50.
charges, mechanical pencils and pens, lighters, electric light bulbs, club dues, pistols and revolvers.
The Senate went along with all of these except admissions to horse and dog racing tracks, admissions to night clubs and other cabarets, club dues, safety deposit boxes, and firearms and pistols.
Add« Réduction But then It added two big re-ductions/of its own~100 million by halving the 10 per cent excise on household appliances such as refrigerators and stoves, and 65 million by wiping out the tax entirely on admissions tickets costing 60 cents or less. The latter benefits chiefly small town and neighborhood movies.
These will be the two biggest Issues in the Senate-House conference.
Following the storm, the 1954 rain total at the weather bureau was 1,11. as compared to the normal of 2.91. Normal for the month of March l.s 1.12 and .05 of an Inch has fallen this month to date.
Women's news .....4-5
Food n»w6 9
Oil n»w8 • 12-13
Sport6 ............ 2-3
Editoriolf ............ • 4
Comics ........ jj’
Form ROWS . ..........J J
Rodio-TV lot ........... 11
PETITION PRESENTED—This trio presented to Judge Reed Ingals^
Legislature to officiallv declare Taylor County to have been named for three Taylor l^oth-
left to right are: Mrs. Dallas Scarborough, Bob (R E.) Pointer, Miss Tommy Clack, Judge Ingalsbe. (Staff Photo)