Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 26, 1944, Abilene, Texas
RED CROSS WAR FUND CAMPAIGN BOX SCOR! bounty quota $69,000,00
Gifts Friday 2,644.59
Contributions to date 60,282.22
®he Abilene Reporter -ileitis
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pol. lxiii, no. 284.
A TEXAS 5-*^ NEWSPAPER
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOFS WI SKI ICH VOL R WORLD I X \CII) \S 11 GOKSj-Bvron ABILENE, TEXAS, -THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 26. 1944
Associated Press (AP)
United Press U P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS
.FRONTLINE REPORTER SAYS NATION RECEIVES ALL MAJOR WAR NEWS EVENTUALLY, DESPITE POLITICS
Allied Forces Make
AL Bv WES GALLAGHER
LONDON. March 25 —(/Pi—Every reporter who has been abroad any length of time receives letters from friends at heme expressing doubt that we are able to give full ac
counts of what is going on because •f censorship
and other restrictions.
After four years on various European war fronts it appears to me that everything of importance dees appear in American publications ginner or later I can recall only “wo or throe incidents that have not, none of them important enough to have any decided effect on the war.
military security are rare, and outnumbered ten to one by two other classes of censorship. One of the*** Involves stopping information which might "give aid or comfort to the enemy" and the other is political.
much more "aid and comfort" to North African campaign with rattle enemy than if they, had been garfj to the Darlan deal. Such .en-releascd in ordinary channels when ^a5 invariably defeated it-
'Tn EU created the idea -Ut becuae .h, of
that there are scores of such in
By the nature of their busi-6) ness, reporters and Tensors are in constant conflict, hut their quarrels over what constitutes
It was under the "aid and comfort" clause that information was held up about the famous Patton face-slapping incident and the shooting down of 23 of our planes during the Sicily invasion.
It was not the first time in thi.s war that Allied planes had been shot down by their own forces, nor is it likely to be the last.
Bad handling by the military in these cases resulted — when the story did break — In their being exploited out of all proportion to their original value and in giving
cidents being hidden by censorship, fostering distrust of war reports in general.
Ton often military chiefs and politicians interpret this phase of censorship as giving them the right to stop anything that gives them discomfort.
Political censorship. usually not admittedly exercised as such. has been encountered sporadically under the guoe of being tied in with military security.
Such was the censorship imposed during the early weeks of the
information leads to demands b' the British and American publics for more, resulting in a flood of misinformation so much worse than the truth that authorities are fore-ed to remove the barriers in self-defense.
In general, the public receives a more accurate picture of the military situation than of the political one. Once an operation is started, correspondents are given complete access to information and can send most of it. This has been General Eisenhower** policv although from time to time in small matters it has been somewhat twisted by his subordinates.
Slow Gain in Burma
Zealanders State Summons Pinned Down Young Actress
In Cassino ln Murder Trial
WAKE ISLAND GIVEN 16TH RAID; PONAPE HIT AGAIN
Reds Eight Miles of Rumania
ALLIED HE A DQ T ARTERS. Naples. March 25 (AP) New Zealand troops
NEW YORK March 25 P The blonde showgirl Wayne Ijonergan escorted to tile theater the night before his heiress wife was bludgeoned and strangled arrived tod.v; from
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Only 18 Miles From Backbone Of Rail System
ONLY FIVE TOWNS LACK RED CROSS FUND QUOTAS
attempting to drive westward Miami to testify as a states witness through Cassino were pinned jn the Royal Canadian aircratt-down in their southern sec- man** trial fo rf inst degree murder, tion of tht' rubbled town today' by highly-trained Gcr- m Toronto when he was taken into man parachute troops ordered custody identified the actress, Mi*. to hold their positions at all jPan Murphy Jaburg, a- the person
All but five of 14 towns reporting largely instrumental In the drive’s
LONDON, Sunday. March 2fi — (AF) — The Red army plunged to within eight miles of Rumania's eastern border yesterday and erected a 50-mile invasion bridgehead on the Dniester river .just across from Czernowitz. Rumania’s northern capital in Bucovina and kcv to the Balkans. Mos-
last nieht are over the top in th*' success throughout the rural corn-current Red Cross War Fund drive, inanities.
cow announced today.
Hurling the Germans back statistics were available, toward the Carpathian mountains the Russians were only
In Abilene contributor* spilled $2,644.59 into the war fund treasury to lift the total subscribed to $60,-282 22. still over $8,000 short of the $69,000 quota.
Ed Stewart, county campaign chairman, however, continued to believe the quota would be met before the deadline. March 31.
Urging again for workers to immediately report subscription lists,
Stewart said a complete tabulation ould not be made until all these qvrj0
View Lawn Hambv
Last nights tabulation:
Buffalo Gap Tuscola
Potosi Trent Tye Wv lie
The chairman said Mrs L. W. . r, Hollis Jr. would call for workers list 18 miles from strategic Lzer- lf thev vne unable to submit them
$501 OO 161 OO 153 69 206 60 204 00 1.325.00 100 00 600 00 271.20 197 95 476.67 316.75 522 65 (no report*
150.00 300 OO 350 00
1.250 00 125 OO 450 00 250 00 150,03 350 00
350.00 250 00
The New’ Zealanders and the parachutist* were fighting stubbornly and throwing tons of shells at one another, but without effecting much change in the general situation. Allied headquarters announced.
The Germans, however, managed to move three more tanks into the lobby of the Continental hotel, and a bitter field between tanks and artillery also raged around the hotel Des Roses.
Bv LEON ARD MILLIMAN
Associated Press War Editor
Allied troops pressed down on the North Burma Japanese base of Myitkyina from two directions while British soldiers checked a three-fingered enemy penetration of India.
Wake Island was raided for the 16th time since a Japanese force overpowered a United States Marine garrison there early in the war. Big American Army Liberators were met bv intense anti-aircraft fire as they bombed barracks and oil storage tanks Thursday. Pomipe. in the Eastern Lonergan’s .statement to detectives Caroline islands, was raided Wednesday and Thursday by
cannon-firing Mitchells from Marshall inland airfields. Nearby, the tiny Ant islands were attacked for the second time this week The Nipponese were again bombed on four Marshall atolls they still hold.
Bad weather restricted all operations in the Southwest Pacific. American destroyers
he escorted to a musical comedy and to night clubs on Saturday, Get. 23, the night before Patricia Burton Lonergan’S nude bittered body was
found in her afshionable Beekman shollrd tinv pitvilu island ut
3.625.00 mo quota)
nowitz, and .17 miles from Hitler’s rail backbone — the Bueharest-Lwow railway running through that city. The loss of the line would split the German eastern front.
The Russians also toppled the west Ukraine stronghold of Pros-kurov, breaking into the city from east and west, and fought their way into the outskirts of the Black set port of Nikolaev, Moscow said.
to officers at the WAC shack. Bile asks that she be called at 9206 for
Subscribers in Abilene added to the IOO per cent bracket yesterday were Baker grocery. Bresenham gro-Peach Street grocery, J H B<!bB Food stores,
Artiller' fire which 'honk the mountainous buttle area al sn reached to positions in the rear as the Allies sought to prevent the Germans from strengthening their hold on the Verdun-like Cassino sector. But the Germans. commanded by Et. Gen. Richard Heindrlrh to hold at all costs, oere believed to have the advantage of ancient tunnels honeycombing VO hey hill through which they were reinforcing their front line defenders.
He also has said he took hor to lune it on Sunday, hours after the state contends his hPirrs.s wife was slain.
Tile trial before Judge James Garrett Wallace and an all-male jury' will be resumed Monda\. when the defense Is expected to resume its stubborn battle to keep Lonergan’s unsigned confession from becoming part of the trial record.
Hopes lo Shatter Burma Hump' Mark
the Admiralty group, flanking United States positions at Lorengau airdrome and on Hauwei island. Supply dumps ‘were left in flames at Rabaul, New Britain, in one of a series of light raids that included Kavieng, New Ireland; Alexishafen, New Guinea, and Buka and Kahili in the
i Solomon islands.
A spokesmen for Admiral Will-F. Hnlsev commented that
Day grocery Clinic Pharmacy, Johnson Motor Lines, Federal Army store. Plaza hotel, Little hotel, and the Palace hotel.
Charles Rutledge, community last night praised
Mine Fire Toll Reaches Sixteen
Many Germans routed from Pro- ,,u>' group and Major David
LONDON, March 25 —* I’’— Maj. •VoisL v I.ukatchevic. one ct the comitia nders in the Yugoslav Army, *8;d in an interview today that
skurov later gave themselves up while thousands scattered into the woods to hide, the late bulletin said.
Other impressive successes scored bv the Russians on a front extending from old Poland southeast to the Black sea included a 20-mile gain south of by-passed Tar-in Poland, the severing of
Evans, special service oiticor, sa
Five British Air Officers Missing
Gen Dm,ia Mih;ulouc has 30, ^ | ^ Byeltsi-Iasi railway in central troops armed and i. to strike Bessarabia as Soviet troops streamed southward toward the Danu-
tnountains of Serbia ready MT a sign; I from the Allies to dear
\ path t ! inva, mn
The statement coincided with the
behn and thp overrunning of a Nazi rail escape route in the Slob-odzeva sector 110 miles northwest of Odessa, the communique said.
The Russians now control almost 160 miles of the river. Soviet units fanning out along the Dniester between Mogilev Podolskl and Kaments Podolsk were attempting to bag the Germans falling bark from Proskurov.
(Radio France at Algiers quoted Franz von Papen, German ambassador to Turkey, as having declared that the German army "per-haps’* would abandon Bessarabia, establish a Carpathian mountain defense line, and try to plug the 130-mile gap between the mountains and the Black sea with German and satellite troops to defend the Rumanian Ploesti oil regions "at all costs."*
A Russian smash across the Dniester toward Czernowitz Cer-nautii was experted shortly.
WASHINGTON, March 25—(ffr— A British embassy attache announced today that two Royal Ail Force wing commanders and four WAAF officers are missing ami believed killed, after thev failed to complete a Charleston. S. C.-Miami, Fla., airplane flight Friday.
A member of the embassy staff said that Wing Commander H G. Gaubert. together with another wing commander and the four WAAF officers took off from Charleston yesterday afternoon.
When thev failed to complete the flight London was officially notified. he said. that thev were ‘'missing and believed killed.”
The other four occupants of the plane were not further identified.
SHINNSTON. W. Va.. March 25 -(Ti An undei mound fire generating clouds of poisonous and explosive gases barred the wa' tonight to the bodies of 16 men who died in a shattering early morning mine blast while thee were vainly trying to stop the blaze.
Fighting five flame* which broke out in the No. 4 mine of the Katherine Coal company the 16 were caught by a terrific explosion that tore up a .surface area of half an
All hone was abandoned for the men and tonight crew' began sealing the mine to extinguish the underground blaze. Jesse Redvarri. state mine chief, said that It would be five or six weeks before crews could be sent into the mine to recover the bodies.
Tile death toll had been placed at 15. but John Hogtie mine superintendent said a recheck had established that 16 had perished in the explosion.
The fiist day’s attack which followed the heavy bombing of Cassino March In left the Germans holding approximately one-quarter of the town—the quarter centered about the Continental hotel and the exit from the town on the road lending around Monastery hill The icia;ive uositions of the two armies have varied only by a few buildings since then,
At the Anz.io bridgehead the Germans tried to penetrate Allied defense positions whir tanks and were believ'd to have lost two near rar-rrrrto and five others west of Cisterna The Germans kept up a rain of shells on the beachhead and there also were clashes between patrols
Allied headquarters announced heavy bombers struck at the rail yards at Rimini and Ancona in the north yesterday while mediums hit a number of places including Leghorn
The Allied Liberators ran into at least 16 dog fights in the north and tile Germans also flew at least 85 sorties over the beachhead. The operations < ost the Germans least 19 planes while ll Allied craft failed to return.
K' THOR! RN WI WI
WITH STILWELL’S AMER IC AN-CHINESK FORCES IN NORTH BURMA. March 18 (Delayed* —ti*) Brig William Old of Uvalde,
Texas, whose twin-engined Douglas cargo planes are supplying Allied troops on all Burma fronts, said tod*', we mode 3,500 trips to Bur. ma last month with almost everything imaginable In the way of supplies. This month we hojie to break that record ‘
Old s combined Ame: it an-Biitish supply operation probably is tile largest of its kind in the world. Day and night his planes are loaded to the limit to bring whatever is needed in the drive against the Jap-
Virtual eradication of Japanese air power in this area leaves the enemy open for ’bne continuous, relentless air and sea offensive.’* American Marauders, led tty youth I ul Brig, Gen Frank Merrill and the Chinese 38th division encircled retreating Japanese and captured the village of Shaduzup m their drive toward M* gating to sever rail connections south of My* ttk Vina. The Chinese-America ii force was "making slow but steady programs.**
Burmese and Ghurka in irs. adv ancing Inward Myitkyina
from the north, occupied Maili-tongkha Japanese abandoned the village, leaving It In flames.
Stiff lighting was reported hoi th
se. Many pilot* make three or ra.st( southeast and south of Im-
May Make Stamps Good Indefinitely
Doesn't Think FDR Wants Fourth Term
^government in exile that Mihailo-vic’s Chetniks recently had pressed an offensive to "the very gates" of Belgrade. "These troops have only limited ammunition and equipment,” sa irk the major who is in bondon to seek aid for Mihailovic. ^That is why they havent been fighting. We figure it is better to
Seventy mile* southeast of Czernnw itz, Rumania's third largest city, other Soviet units attacking westward in Bessarabia on a 65-mile front raptured Zagaikany. Wily right miles from the Prut river, boundary of Rumania proper. They also were only HO miles east of Czernowitz with the announced rapture of Korystnv-tsv.
Wheeling southward toward the
make one big offensive than waste our bullets in smaller actions. We Danube, Marshal Ivan S Konev's are read' to clear any given area j second Ukraine armv also ouv-for an Allied invasion landing on flanked the besieged railway junc-(fnor't notice " tion of Byeltsi BalH» with the cap-
Eoth Britain and the United turr of Reutsel. eight miles to the Plates have bern giving their main southwest, putting the Red army support in Yugoslavia to the men on]v RS miles north of Iasi Jassy>, of Marshal Tito, Mihailovic's rival. on Hie ground they were doing most >f the fighting against the Ger-
A TI. ANTA, March 25 I brev Williams, organizing director of the National Farmer union and frequent White House dinner guest, was quoted bv the Atlanta Journal in a copyrighted story tonight as saying hr did not believe President Roosevelt would seek a fourth term.
Williams, former head of the National Youth administration said only a few nights ago he left the White House, after dining with the J president, "with the distinct impression that he wouldn't run ! again, although he didn’t say so ! directly. He looked so tired and worn that I was shocked” The j president has had a series of colds recently.
WASHINGTON The Office of P: .cf Administration is considering a plan to make red and blue ration stamps valid for an indefinite peridd, P was learned tonight.
At the pre-ent time, the stamp are validated for a fixed period. Un der the eontemf lated setup, similar to provisions for shoe rationing, Ute re good tint ii the OPA ir ' an. ellation. a spokf small explain-p merchants bv rifting the last-minute l h develops under the validating av tem in < wives would br rein: a t heck on the va-cl Bi Lls.
stamps would announced ti Such a step. rd, would lit! tually elimina buying rush til lixeri period add.'ion, ho i 1 lieveri of ke< pi ' riou' ex pi rat in
lour round ti prs daily .
At first planes could not land in Butma. rl iie\ dropped supplies with or wit lieut parachutes from altitudes ranging horn tree top level to 2,OtK) feet and then returned nonstop to their bases in India. Frequent Iv their errands took them behind enemy lines, which meant that they wert subjected to ground fire as well as all the customary haz-ai ri
Supplies still are dropped froir the air at some potnta, but man’ planes now land regularly at nev« airfields built by Americana under the direction of Maj. Poi ley Lew is, of Phoenix. Arte-
The airfields are being used by hospital planes which evacuate the American and Chlnasp wounded in less than an hour from Burmese bases to completely equipped hospitals in India.
Old disclosed that only five planes ’ had been lost through enemy action since the Hukawng oftensive started
Old, whose wile and two children are living at Abbot. Texas, has flown 8,ot)(i hours since joining the air corps in 1924 He came to the China-Burma-India theater two years ago and for several months w,cs chief of staff for the Tenth Air Force
He was the first Army officer to fly the "hump" route into China by w hich tile Chinese now are ret riving more supplies monthly than during an average month over til* old Burma road.
phal against three enemy columns trying to push toward that British base in India. The Japanese, relying on elephants to carry supplies through the jungles, last five tanks in the first clash with British armored units. The Invaders made slight progress in spots, an Allied communique said, and a spokesman remarked "the com rn uniques are no more obsure than the military situation itself."
Second Lt. Henrv Wieezorek part-ehuted to -ifetv from the P-47 ha wa- flying Saturday afternoon and landed, with only minor imuries. on the farm of Mrs .J D Porter three miles northwest of Merkel.
His plane crashed about one mile away in a field of the R G Russell faun and numed Fire fighting trucks from Camp R.ukrlr answered the call to the scene of the burning plane Lieutenant Wi.uvorek was taken to the t amp Berkeley station hon-pr.ii lor treatment of injuries found not to ive serious.
A is customary, a board of officers has been named by Col. Harry Weddington, Abilene Air Base com. mandei to dctetmine cause of tile trouble 'hat forced the lieutenant to ba ii out.
Expect Lava Flow To Resume Soon
British in ^nuthwest Burma made small gains 111 their push (award (hr port of \U\.ih I lu-se forces and the Nipponese in India have their barks toward each other and are headed in opposite directions.
Vt*i\um Chinese reaction to the enctnv strike Into India was reflected in an abrupt drop in the k market value cf the Rupee in ail Army newspaper assertion the Japanese were attempting to divert “attention from their dlf-j u nit irs elscw In I e The Nipponese have completed their military railway from Thailand tSmm' to Burma, the south-aast Asia communique indicated in i aport ing the first low level strike at the "Burmt-Siam railway Rail lints aud stock in Indo-Chlna were hit by China based planes.
NAP! I s. March 25 P Roofs collapsing under the weight of dust and ashes coughed up bv Mt Vesuvius have killed 21 persons. Allied military government officials announced today, bringing the total number of deaths in the current eruption to 26.
Tile ci her began hurling off greater smoke and ashes this afternoon aftet a !2-hour lull, and Professor I rn bro director of the Royal Italian observatory on Vesuvius, told AMG officials that he could "onIv 'av that Mount Vesuvius is still abnormal**
Hanncgan Finds Big FDR Support
Veterans Meeting Set in Washington
BOSTON Mi F Hanncgan,
! I HK
Elder Buck Dies
SAN ANGELO. Mat h 24 UP Howard D Buck, 95. father of Flank Buck of "bring 'em back alive’ fame died here this afternoon.
WASH I NGT The Offi< e of tion annotine.! series of nine OOT and VV tion officials t gram for mot market and motor truck Meeting: W, las April IO i
I! SCHS! g tai
rcli 25 T’
• Transporta-today for a I meetings of Admmist I lithe 1944 pro-ii produce to to farm' bv
uric one in Dal-
DETROIT. March 25 (A*) R J Thomas, president of the Uni tee Automobile Workers <CIO t. in." Bounced today that k conference oi war veterans who are member the UAW-CTO would meet in Washington April 6-7 "to write out in specific detail the union’s program for re-employment and rehabilitation of veterans returning from World War IL"
bateman of the
ratic national committee od av there was a "definite rie-for a fou: th term for Presl-R'^osevelt. not on Iv among (rats but among many Roans with whom he has talked ,s current swing around the
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I Isl ii vt. Paitl' i land. . ran tar n»rlhra»l pardon and nrar tipprr rant 'anda' Ini rritini rlnudinr*' arilli fi*-Ini trmprraltirra In nnrth and rrnlnt parti »n« Sunday ni(ht and Mandlt Ona-lanai licht ralna Id# Snndav night and \| o n d a »
VV r,i Casas Calli' iloudr ll Pa-n ai»a and Bu Band < nunlrs imrrtllf (land' rl'rwhfir sun<(«> and Manda'
I I (h I lain In Ca n hand lf 'linda' and In Mal Kin I aglr Ca-* arr# and -aal at Caroa niff 'linda' ni(hl and Mandan Irrah I a rn>■» sin na ll > tronf win da
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..in especially pleaded he adri-bv the fact that many persons p told me that, although the' registered Republicans and e been for many veals, thev in-1 to vote for the president.”
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rail hub just be-
New Top Price
TWIN FALLS, Idaho, March 25— f/P' A new top price for a Hereford bull sold at semi-annual sales spon-tfcrrcd V the idaho Cattlemen’s association was set here todav when Mark Donald 14th, owned bv Her- of Odessa ber' Chandler. Baker. Ore. was purchased bv M. V. Rees of Malad,
Idaho, for $1,250.
big Rumanian yond the Prut To the east Russian forces attacking southward along the Lwow-Odessa railway rut the Pervom-aisk-Bveltsi escape railw,av with the capture of Slobod/eya and Ksendzovka and began fighting their way into the outskirt of the big citv of Balta. a few miles east of the railway, 110 mjlrs northwest and 75 miles from the main German escape route, the Odessa-Tiraspol line which extends alto Rumania to imperilled las!.
BACK HOME BY WAY OF ITALY AND GERMANY Pvt. James E. Carpenter of Jewett, sits on the side of his bed after his arrival at Me-Closkey General Hospital at
RAF Crosses Channel For New Bombings
LONDON. SuihIk March 26 T* Roval Air Force heavy bombers
Temple. Private Carpenter s making a prompt follow-up to their
Gobi a CIU w is ani nutated bv masMVf rald on Berlin Fridav night riuht arm was ampulated
lo pdss over the I liglish east roast. Not ah of them appeared lo br headed in the same direction.
a # German surgeon was wounded and captured in Italy while fighting with the 36tfei Division last Sept. Kl.
aft nr he whPn moi ° ,han 2,800 'n,:' °! Px'
plosives were rained on the haltered German capital — roared across the English cb; mnel la t night to strike again at continen-
It was I he heaviest loss ever sustained over Berlin — pre mutably most of the bombers fell in airway battle to or over the ritv.
The force over one a tea smaller than the nenrl bombers which, in Friday opera'ions, bc;c through tis
seemed 1,000 night V • IIerc-
He was taken to a hospital ’*! ,ar^5 near Munich and sent home on the Gripsholm.
It took the armada of big British Thunderbird* an hour
est defense »hf Germans vet have thrown about their capital and punched light]' at other Nazi cities at a cost of 73 big planes.
Air passengers arriving rn Sweden said Friday night s assault left ’he biggest fires ever seen In Berlin.
The RAF bomber command sent out more than I.OOO planes in the
the Baltic spa port Of Kiel and other objectives The Germans said Leipzig a favorite diversionary tnrget of previous Berlin raid' and Weimai also were hit and that 112 planes wire downed U S medium Marauders covered bv Thunderbolt fighters slashed ai the rail citv of Huson in Northern france ve.sterday. con-! tinning the mr offensive against rail targets Hit'son, near the Bel-
night parade with some hitting at ; gian border, is a Junction of lint
ending to '('\eral French port
Hie Berlin blow climaxed one
of the most terrific 60-hcur bombing periods of the war leaving four of Germany* great war centers burning,
In addition to the capital they Hit the naval base of Kiel. aucraft manufacturing and rail (its of Frankfurt and 'he bah beal mg factory center of SEchwem-i furt.