Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 24, 1944, Abilene, Texas
.RED CROSS WAR FUND w
CAMPAIGN BOX SCORE County quota $69,000,00
Gifts this morning $636.05
Contributions to date $56,411.13
®he Abilene Reporter -ileitis
VOL. LXIII, NO. 282
A TEXAS 3-u, NEWSPAPER
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WF Ski I Cli YOUR WORLD EX ACTU V AS 11' GOES"—Buon
ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 24, 1944
Associated Press (AP) United Press (U,P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS
Enemy Gets 'Zero Hour’ Nobice
tanks Batter Germany Third Day in Row
French Rail Yards Hit by RAF Heavies
Driven Back in india
Axis Leaders Face Penalty, FDR Pledges
FDR, Winnie, Monty
Say Invasion Is Near
LONDON, March 24--(AP) -American heavy bombers dime into Germany for the third straight day today, bombing military targets in western Germany, a United
States communique announc-<9 following strong RAK
night blows at objectives in France.
While I I y I ll K Fortresses smashed into Germany to the
ccompaniment of the German timing service, “Achung, (at
tention) ai hung! strong enemy bomber formations flying over western Germany,” Liberators bombed enemy airfields in northeastern France.
Jh on yesterday when a six-ywwig assault was made on railroad va rd s. aircraft stations and other objectives in western Germany, the heavy bombers today were escorted bv strong formations of Lightning, Thunderbolt and Mustang fighters.
RAF heavies, bombing objectives i around the industrial city of Lyon in southern France and the railroad v arris of Laon, 80 miles northeast of Paris, last night brought t h e to'al Allied air forces over Ger-vi.mr and occupied territory in 36 hours to between 5.000 and 6 000 inaner if was estimated. Bomb tonnftftt *o* that V Cv. was i^»v ed to around 7.000.
Two RAF planes were lost last n^t in operations which included Mosquito stales at the Rhineland communications center of Dortmund, and minelaying missions.
The United States air forces announced that 61 enemy aircraft were knocked down in ■|$»tcrda> s blasting of six targets in Ciermany while 27 heavy bombers and six fighters were lost.
Headquarters said an incomplete assessment of the damage done m-cj£icd:
Handorf airfield—two out of five hangars hit and left burning Bar
WAR AT A GLANCE
VESUVIUS’ LAVA CRUSHES HOUSES—Lava from the current eruption of Mount \ csuvious—called the worst since
1872 crushes these houses in San Sebastiano, east of Naples,
(AP Wirephoto via OWI Radio).
Allied Fliers Strike
By the Associated Press
One of two Japanese columns that have driven into > India from Burma has been attacked and driven from three positions overlooking a supply road but the menace to the key communications center of Imphal has not been relaxed.
At sea, Japan’s navy has lost a cruiser, a 7,000-ton aircraft carrier, eight supply ships and other smaller craft to British submarines since Jan. I, the British Admiralty announced today.
The twin Japanese drives into India, one from the east springing from the border sector near Thaungdut and other from near southwest in the Tiddim sector, have caught Imphal in a squeeze with enemy forces last reported within 30 miles of the base on both the east and the south.
Bv the Associated Tress
ITALY—New Zealanders attack Nazis on western edge of Cassino.
Ill SM A—Russians 15 miles from Prut river.
El KOPLAN AERIAL—American heavy bombers hit western Germany.
BIRMA— Mlies drive Japanese from three positions covering Tiddin-lmpha! road.
PACIFIC—Allied airmen rip New Guinea coast.
WASHINGTON, March 24. — (UP)—President Roosevelt, today reiterated Allied determination to punish all enemy leaders and functionaries responsible for Hic “insane” savage treatment of refugees in Europe and Asia.
Mr. Roosevelt, in a news conference statement, said Ilia! on the "very eve of triumph" over Nazi barbarism it was fitting to proclaim again "our determination that none who participate” in the acts of savagery against Furopean and Asiatic Chilians "shall go unpunished.’’
Bv United Press Th rce United Nations leaders—President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery—served notice on the Axis today that the zero hour tor the invasion of Europe
Proclaims Farm Week March ll
In simultaneous pronouncements on the showdown battle with Germany, Mr. Roosevelt spoke of the very eve of triumph*’; Churchill said the assault would come “soon”; and Montgomery predicted that peace “now is not so far off.
Mr. Roosevelt’s statement was issued at a Washington news conference. C hurchill addressed American troops at an
invasion base in England yesterday. Montgomery, cont-
w____r ___________mender of British ground forces that vs ill invade western
"That warning applies not only to frurope, spoke at a London rally, warning, however, that the
ie leaders, but to <t!uMt1end of the European war might not come until 1045.
“How long will the pull last?” the latter asked. “No one ran sa\ for certain. It may last a year and may take longer.”
Italian Supply lines
hangars nu ana leu uuimug. f artUlery and mortar
r«*Lh«- "fS fsr“r*“°n 0M!rJTh< Nim delenders were sup-
ALLIEDD HEADQUARTERS. Naples. March 24—<*V-Two new bomber blows against enemy supply lines in northern Italy at Florence and Padua—were announced by Allied headquarters today as heavy lighting continued in Cassino with no material change in the situation.
American Marauders, out in force yesterday, blasted the Campo di Marte freight card. largest in the Florence area and reconnaissance showed great destruction to warehouses and tracks. Heavy bombers attacked railroad targets last night at Padua for the second consecutive
Inside Cassino, New Zealand troops still beat savagely against stubbornly defended German strong points with the support of tanks and a
Mayor Will W Hair todav proclaimed the period from Monday. March 27. to Saturday, April I as Victory Farm week and urged all farmers in this area to join with members of the Abilene Kiwanis club in a movement to increase production of crops and livestock in 1944.
Berncy Blain, president of the Kiwanis club, said thar plans were virtually completed for a special meeting at noon Wednesda\ Mardi 29, at Hotel Wooten to which
tionaries and subordinates in Germany and in tile satellite countries," Mr. Roosevelt said ‘ All who knowingly take part in the deportation of Jews to their death in Poland or Norwegians and French to their death rn Germany are equally guilty with the executioner All who share the guilt shall share the punishment."
At the same time Mr. Roosevelt called on every German and every man everywhere under Nazi domination "to show the world by his aetion that in his heart he does not share these insane criminal desires."
He asked the German people especially to help tho pursued vtc-| ti ms escape and 'to keep watch and to record the evidence that will one day be used to convict the guilty."
'Chutists Viewed; Pull to Be 'Hard'
U S AIR-BORNE FORCES LONDON, Mardi 24 -'UP1—Gen.
BASE. England, March 23 -(Delay- Sir Bernard I Montgomery, corned1 iUP'-Prime Minister Church- mandor of British invasion armies,
111 told American air-borne Invasion said todav that the Promised
today that they "soon” will
troops strike at the Axis.
In his most important trip so far to an American base to inspect troops on the threshhold of direct blows against tile enemy, Churchill
I,and" of peacf "now is not so far off,” though it may not come until 1945.
Speaking at "Salute the Soldier’* luncheon at Mansion house, Montgomery called upon the whole na
if armers will be invited Imphal is the southern terminus Th» program will feature ad-of the all-weather route which con- 1 dres6CK by Ollie Higgins and W. A.
, — I spoke from an open command car
Mr Roosevelt jn s ^ whUc hundreds of American sold-
friendship to Filipinos said hrwas ^ cluslcre(J arounri now abe to say that the return „ yAa f|1, have lh„ np.
nects with the Assam road to China and which supplies Allied forces in northern Burma,
^Hamm^ailroacl*yards—direct hit, 11™^by_both .^attack, and in-
cja railroad budge, hits lKk into city.
Muenster — Damage in densely builtup part of city.
DFC Presented S'water Flier
on main creased artillery fire
Official reports said the latest phase of the relentless struggle br ga ii shortly after noon Wednesday with enemy movements observed near the Hotel des Roses, which still is in German hands. Allied tanks engaged the Germans there.
Positional War On at Cassino
Admiral Lord LLoLuis Mountbat-ten’s communique today did not report Immediately the position of the Japanese force driving on Imphal from the east but tacticly admitted the other enemy column had penetrated India far enough to endanger the Imphal-Tiddrm road.
Last reports placed this Nipponese force on the west shore of Lake Logtak. If the advance continues here, the Japanese will gain
Dawson Taylor, county AAA committeeman.
Victory Farm plaques will be presented to all farmers who pledge they will continue to produce crops and livestock to the hest of their ability in 1944 and participate in other activities important to the war effort.
Letters are being mailed to more than 500 farmers of the county inviting them to visit booths at Lion Hardware and Thorntons department store where the placques will
of freedom to their islands draws eluder with each Allied victory.
Mr. R ’Oifvelt's message to the Philippine people was based on the fact that today was the 10th anniversary of the passage of the Tyd-inga-McDuffie Philippine independence set.
the relatively level ground of the he presented
WASHINGTON. March 24 The close-in slugging of foot sol fliers still clawing for possession of
Meanwhile the New Zealanders the rubble heap of Cassino under-again wormed forward in the ruins scores the fact that the stalemate and attacked the Germans on the “positonai" warfare of 1917 is being western edge of the town. A spokes- j repeated in Italy.
The attempt to blast a path through this key point with the most tremendous aerial bom-
man said "some little progress was ^SWEETWATER, March 24 <Spl) I made and it is believed the enemy - Mr. and Mrs. M. E. Roberts, form- i suffered severe casualties. cr Sweetwater residents now living By latest report the Nazis still
in Dumas, have received word that held the Continental hotel. Other
their son, Capt. W. E. (Billy) Rob- enemy strongpoints listed as hold-
erts, ha' received the Distinguished mg out included the Ducal palace
■ivinn Cross He has flown 25 mis- ,ind Roman amphitheater south of
Sbns as first pilot on a Flying lhe town.
Fortress with the Eighth Bomber • • *
command. There has been little enemy ac-
Captain Roberts was hospitalized tjvity north of the town since fail- morning churned it into such a
after the flchweinfurt raid for counter-attack early wasteland of rubble heaps and cra-
treatment of hand wounds received uie ^ ters Allied foot soldiers had
Airing rile raid. A graduate of Wednesday on Cast* , hill. German cjjffjcuIt\ •nom through it. and it
Sweetwater high school, he attend- guns have stepped up the tempo
was even necessary for the engird Texas A. Sc M. college. He first of their fire north of the town, neers to clear a path for tanks
entered service in the RC AF in however.
Canada, but transferred to the Forty to 50 German planes shot
bardmcnt of the Mediterranean campaigns was only partly successful. and one highly quali fied observer suggested today that there may have been an "over-use" of airpower in this instance.
The 1.400 tons of bombs cascaded onto the nnl-square town in one
Another enemy column in the Kabaw valley along India's border was ambushed southeast of Tamu and some of its tanks destroyed.
Delayed dispatches reported that the Japanese had lost 600 to 700 killed in less than a week of the offensive while losses of the British 14th army were described as much lighter. Hard fighting developed north of Tunzan, 17 miles north of Tiddim in the Manipur valley, when British troops from the Tiddim area moved north to meet a threat to their flank from an enemy unit which cut the Tiddim-Imphal road.
Supplies were dropped by plane to the British troops when the road was cut by road blocks est a bl' shed by Japanese at a number of points.
The British were countering the road blocks with the defensive box system which they used in the fighting in Arakan to the south earlier this month.
In his proclamation Mayor Hair pointed out that farmers of the United States and Canada must supply food not only for consumption at home but in oilier nations as well. He 'aid that the farmer has been asked to meet unprecedented schedules and that his task is vitally important to winning th* war.
Fight Foe, Hull Asks Hungary
port unity of testifying to your belief in all those great phrases embodied In I he American constitution and of striking a blow which, however It may leave the world, will, aa we are determined. make it a better and broader world for all." he told them.
“I thank God you are here I wish you from the bottom of my heart good fortune and success.’
A few minutes later, other hundreds of American troops staged an
Mrs. George Elliott, Odessa, Gravely III
Heavy Jap Troop Moves Disclosed
Death of Mrs. Georgs Elliott Sr.. of Odessa, sister of Mr. R. E Rankin of Abilene, was expected almost hourly Frida;, her sister was informed.
Mrs. Elliott member of one of West Texas* most noted ranching families, and Mrs Rankin are the only surviving members of their family. Their brother, Clarence Scharbaucr. Midland rancher, hotel man and capitalist, died last lear. Mrs. Elliott’s husband. Odessa hotel owner and rancher, died recently,
WASHINGTON. Man h 24 'UP' —Secretary of State Cordell Hull today called on Hungary to rise against the Nazis and thus achieve some hope of regaining a right to Independence"
Hull’s statement followed tile news that the German armies had moved into Hungary to make the Nazi grip on that nation more secure The statement said.
"The rapid decline of Nazi tyranny has never been so apparent as today when Hitler, in growing awareness that he cannot withstand the united effort of (hr freedom-loving peoples of the world, has shown his desperation by turning with his accustomed treachery upon a former ally.
“Only by firm resistance to the ! hated Invader can Hungary, (he j first of the axis satellites to feel the Nazi whip, hope to regain the reinspect and friendship of tree nations ! and demonstrate its right to wide-! prudence."
non to back the armed forces in tile critical months to come so that Britain would be worthy of the prayer;
"Let God arise and let his enemies
"The Promised Land is not now so far off," he said. "If necessary, we hair got to hazard all and give our lives that others may enjoy it."
He railed the forthcoming
battle of Germany "the biggest tug-o-war the world ever has
Nee MONTGOMERY, Pg. 2. Col. 5
VINSTON CHI RI HILL
Nips Cloim Gains On Bougainville
Crowley Resigns as Property Custodian
USAAF soon after the United States entered the war. He received training in Florida, P\ote. and in California.
up Highway 6 behind the Allied lines fast of Cassino after bombing Teano with what was officially called "little effect" on the preceding day. Seven of the enemy planes were brought down by anti-aircraft batteries.
I DEPARI MKSI OI COMMERCE W LATHER Bl RI AL'
ABILENE «ncl Vicinltx Partly cloudy arni w antler today and tonight. Satur-dat mostly cloud', with occasional ram and .older. Fresh to occasional strong
#F. AST TEXAS Fair and warmer this bemoon, partly cloudy warmer in aouth and extreme east portions tonight cooler in northwest portions late tonight Saturday partly cloudy, cooler except extreme south poi lion Fre. wind on the coast and freah to strong in north portion.
WEST TEXAS Fair this afternoon. urtlY cloud- colder in the Panhandle J,*d South Plain- lowest temperatures to 28 in Panhandle and 28 to .,2 in A., ii th Plains tonight Saturdax partly cloud and conic- fre-h to strong wmds Maximum temperature last 24 hours
^ Minimum temperature last 12 houts (WI
German Prisoner Dies at Barkery
Albem SiCH a German Pruner ’Sh
war at Camp Baikelev, was 10 i termined and effective German resistance.”
In the meantime. almost every German soldier who was in Cassino when the bombardment started was killed. Nazi troops from crack outfits in the hills were able to infiltrate the ruins from the enemy side, so that the creeping advance of Allied infantrymen again ran into desperate resistance and hand-to-hand fighting within the limits of what had been Cassino.
Seizure of Cassino and the heights behind it is deemed essential to open a route into the plains below Rome from the south. But such sei-
CHUNGKING, March 24 J*>—
Heavy Japanese troop movements to South China, possibly presaging large-scale military operations in the southern area, were reported today by an army spokesman. Maj.
Gen. C. C. Tseng.
Eight or nine trains daily, loaded with troops, are rolling southward, half American division1 Gen. Tseng said. 1 der enemy assault.
LONDON. March 24 '.Ti — A
Japanese communique, as broadcast today by Berlin, said Japanese troops in a heavy attack had occupied part of the American positions on Bougainville island in the Pacific. It said one and one-
WASHIMLTON, March 24 J — President Roosevelt announced today the resignations ff l-eo T. Crowley, as alien property custodian and Lowell Mcllett as a presidential assistant The chief executive told a pre.ss-radio conference that Crowley would continue to handle hts duties as foreign economic administrator.
impressive glider ani parachute show for Churchill. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, supreme Allied commander of western front forces, and Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley, senhor American ground forces commander.
Churchill watched with intere , as fully-equipped sidlers parachuted from low level to the green-brown English hillside.
Then gliders disgorged forces in simulated battle practice. Churchill went into the field to talk with
4 Area Men on Casualty Lists
See I III R< Hil l., Pg 2, Col. I
Red Cross Drive S636 Nearer Goa
Two former residents of west central Texas have been reported
killed in action, one missing and a fourth wounded in messages received in the past few days.
Lt Robert IL Locke, a 1C33 graduate of I'oloi.tdo City high school, son of Mr and Mrs. VV. H. Locke, now of R bu on, 111 He wa.s killed over Holland Mardi 16. the War department announced. He us survived by three blathers, C. E. Locke of Royalty, rex.; Henry A. of Ollie', ill and Hilton W, a Navy petty officer, He was commissioners as a bombardier at Midland.
at Camp Bowie Friday
TEMPER A TI RIS
Fr, Thu Thu-Wed A M Hour P M.
5,4 40- I- M 4 a
52 33— 2— 87 52
52 85— 3— «8 34
51 .IS— 4— Sft 56 SO 36— 3— 70 56
40 34 6— fit* 56
W 34 - 7— 67 56
IT— a— 56 51
54 48— ft-— 32 48
60 54—IO— 50 43
66 3ft I I - 33 43
72 64- 12— 54 44 held
be buried morning.
Sickel died in the Camp Barkelev Station ho.'pital Wednesday night as result of injuries suffered .several days earlier when he fell from an Army truck while riding from his place of work with other prisoners.
Kikcr-Kntght Funeral home prepared the body for burial.
Former Baird Man Dies in Missouri
Meningitis Toll High
CHUNGKING. March 24 i-PV— Chinese dispatches said today a meningitis epidemic is claiming hundreds of lives daily in Japanese-Hangchow, IOO miles south
ern n-e this moraine i ■
Sunset tonight .................. 1
west of Shanghai.
Dr. John Vandervoort McManLv 63, who resided in Baird from the ago of five years until young manhood, and who invented a widelv-used osteopathic treatment table, died recomb in Kirksville, Mo., old friends of his family have learned.
Born March 21, 1800 in Princeton 111.. Dr. McManis attended Baird public schools and old Baird college, where he graduated. He was assistant postman et at Baird before going to Kirksville to stud; osteopath;.
Moving slowly toward the $69,000 goal. Taylor county’s Red Cross fund reached a total of $56,411.13 this rn' ming with an addition of $636.05 received at the WAC shack headquarters.
In an wer to inquiries asking why .several IOO percent firms had not been included on the official Ust, Mrs Andy Zdenak, in charge at
the headquarters, said caused from failure b\ nu mi •• Cantril ut ors centers Those left off will be included on the list if a representable will call the WAC shack, 9206. and gt’.e us the name of the firm
Sgt. Weldon Smiley, son of Mr, and Mr I; N Smiley, now of California, was killed in action in Italy Jan 22, it ha' been learned at Sweetwater. Sergeant Smiley formerly resided in Sweetwater and rn Fisher county.
Smiley had fought in the Tunisian. Sicilian and Italian campaigns. Hr was commended for bravery during the invasion of Sicily for his
This was part )n finking an Italian gun em-workers to placement and "being instrument in , IOO per- efiectmg surrender of the emplacement and capture of a number of prisoners.”
Actress to Hospital
SEATTLE, March 24- Frances Farmer, former screen star, was ordered sent to the Western State hospital near Tacoma Wash , yesterday on an insanity complaint filed by her mother.
i rn WWW " I—ll IU....... ll n w «
I -r 'fZkaJWA,**:***; w
THE COMMANDER SEES HIS TROOPS MOVE FORWARD—Lieut. Gen. Joseph W. Slit well (center), flanked by guards, watches his American-trained ( hinese troops cross ilanai river in Northern Burma without enemy resistance. (AP Wirephoto).
BOND BOX SCORE
The Wife ot Staff Sgt. Wilbur Gust af.son. of Enehsdahl communis . Jones county, has been inform’d that her husband, Staff Sergeant Gustafson has been missing in action in the European theater since Feb. 24 Mrs. Gustafson is the former May Youngquist.
Since Pearl Harbor March Quota March Sales
Dan Shields Jr.. an Army technical adviser in the China-Burraa-Indi.i war zone, sustained a fool wound in action in February, his parents, Mr. and lira. Dan ShielcU 73l.700.001 Sr. of Austin, formerly of Sweet-160,194.50 I water, has been informed.