Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 24, 1938, Abilene, Texas
*®()e Abilene Reporter ~Jirtos"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES "-Byron
VOL XVII NO. 306
AimtoM rmf (AT*
ABILENE. TEXAS. THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 24, 1938 -TWELVE PAGES
Tai to* mn (UPI
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NO PRIOR GUARANTEES—
ChamberlainOutlines Britain’s Foreign Policy
Undistributed Profits Tax Is Eliminated
Flat Rate Of 18 Per Cen! Favored By Senate Group
WASHINGTON, March 24.—</P>— Tile senate finance committee eliminated the undistributed profits tax today from the house-approved tax revision bill and substituted a flat rate of 18 per cent of corporation incomes.
Chairman Harrison (D-Miss) of the committee said treasury estimates showed the change would provide almost $100,000,000 more revenue than the house bill.
A committee vote to strike out the controversial undistributed profits levy was 17 to 4, with Senators Barkley tD-Ky), Connally (D-Tex), and Bulkley (D-Ohio) and La Follette (P-Wis voting in opposition.
Harrison and all the remainder of the committee lined up in favor of repeal.
Under the senate-approved plan, the house provision for a four per cent undistributed profits levy on corporations with annual net incomes of more than $25,000 would be eliminated and a flat 18 per cent rate on corporation income substituted.
The house provided a sliding scale of rates from 18 to 20 per cent, the applicable rate depending upon the amount of corporation income distributed to stock holders.
There thus was a four per cent margin which would tend to force distribution of corporate income.
Harrison and other senate committee members have contended that a flat corporation rate would stimulate business by providing tax certainty.
As in tAe house measure, proposal approved by the ser.ite committee provides a special treatment for corporations with a net income of less than $25,000.
WHERE HOMELESS CHILDREN WILL BE CARED FOR
This is the drawing of the architects, the David S. Castle Co., Abilene, for the main building of the Hendrick Home For
Children, to be built at the southern edge of Abilene by Mr. and Mrs. T. G. Hendrick. Low bids, tabulated yesterday,
total $224,700 and construction will begin within 30 days, to be completed within 250 cal-
endar days. The wings are dormitories, one for boys, and one for girls.
City To Have Children’s Home
T. G. Hendricks Are Founders
Man Who Preached Own Funeral 'Still Game Old Devil And Too Busy lo Die'
Totten Sought To Serve Term For Boy's Slaying
Abas capias warrant has been Issued In 42d court at Baird for Joe Totten, who has been ordered committed to the state penitentiary to serve a two-year term for the death of Robert Cluney, 14. who was struck by a motor vehicle south of Abilene in the summer of 1936.
Appeal bond of $2,000 has been ordered forfeited by Judge Milburn
5. Long, Two bonds of $1000 posted in Taylor county on charges of driving while Intoxicated and failure to stop and render aid. are in jeopardy, said District Attorney J. R. Black, who intimated he may ask their forfeiture when court convenes here late in April.
Mandate from the court of criminal appeals, ordering Totten committed to the penitentiary at Huntsville, was received here nearly two weeks ago. Bondsmen were notified when a query to Huntsville disclosed Totten had not appeared there voluntarily. The bondsmen. Abilene men, must apepar in court at Baird next term, beginning June
6, to show why they should not be-required to pay the bond.
Tile Cluney boy was found dying beside the highway near the Abilene Country Club and Totten was arrested a short time afterward, in his truck, on a lateral road further south from the city.
Wool States Form Pact On Labeling
WASHINGTON, March 24.—<*»)— Agreement has been reached by representatives from wool producing states to urge passage of pending legislation to tighten regulations for labeling fibre content of fabrics.
The group endorsed last night bills to empower the federal trade commission to require that all gar- | ments be marked to indicate actual I wool content and whether the fibre is of virgin or reworked wool.
The representatives Include South | and McFarlane of Texas; and G. W. Cunningham, secretary of the Texas Sheep and Goat Raisers association.
Abilenians Also To Endow Westex Institution
Contracts, totaling $224,700, were ! to be awarded today for construction of the Hendrick Home for Children in the southern edge of Abilene,
Bids were tabulated yesterday af-I temoon in the offices of the David S. Castle Co., architects and engi-| neers, for Mr and Mrs. T. G. * Hendrick of Abilene, who are to build the Institution.
Mr. and Mrs. Hendrick also hav provided funds for all future oper .“xpfnses.
The home will be dedicated to the care of homeless and destitute children who may reside in West Texas.
The large main building, the only structure provided In the present bids, will consist of three connected sections, with over-all length of 417 feet and maximum depth of 175 1 feet.
Low bidder for general construction was C. S. Oates Ac Son, Abilene. at $183,000. R. G. Cogdell, Abl-. lene, was low bidder, at $32,700, for plumbing, heating and ventilation. Sun Electric Co., Abilene, bid lowest for the electrical installations con-1 tract, at $9,000.
The home will be erected on a 52-
COATESVILLE, Ind., March 24.—(ZP)—Wade Millman, 89-year-old farmer who “preached his own funeral sermon to a curious crowd of 5,000 last spring, Is “Just too derned busy to die,” he caid today.
“I'm still a game old devil.'’ he told a reporter who found him busily reading a pile of fan mall in the shade of an elm tree on his farm near Coatesville
“I ain’t dead yet. I'm Just too derned busy to die.”
A lot of his mall comes from women, he explained.
“They either want to marry me, or w’ork for me.” he raid. Millman's wife died shortly before he gave his funeral sermon. Lately he has been doing his own housework, making his bed. cooking his meals and doing the “straightenin’ up.”
Vigorously shaking his home-made walking stick, the grizzled old farmer declared:
“Why, young feller. I ain’t goin’ to die for a long, long time. My old dad lived to be 102. My sister Is 96 I weigh 182 pounds. Tm never sick. Never felt better for years My hearing may be bad. ;ny right eye may not be so good, but I ain't no fool by a long ways.”
'J FDR Studying Speech Reaction
WARM SPRINGS. Ga . March 24. —<4*>—President Roosevelt, established at a vacation retreat here, today read editorial and congressional reaction to his outspoken "enemy stronghold” plea for higher wages in southern industries..
Secluded in hi*, White House cottage among the trees on Pine mountain, he called for newspapers of the “lower south,” where oppo6l-. tlon to his wage-hour bill has cen-acre site south of McMurry college,' tered and whose industries, he de
bet ween the Buffalo Gap and No 4-30 highways. The land was bought last spring for this purpose. Auxillary structures, such as superinten-1 dent's home, caretakers’ cottages, garages, etc., will be built In due I time.
The contracts wfll call for completion within 350 calendar days I and work is to begin within 30 days.
dared at Gainesville, Ga., yesterday, are paying their workers wages that are “far too low.”
He placed his opponents in and out of congress in the same category with “feudal'* overlords and inferentially prophesied those who "opposed congress” would fail to meet the test in the fall elections.
._____.___ I To a throng massed in Gaines-
The main building will house boys , r . j „
J vllles new civic center and to con-
Officer And Negro Killed
HOLSTON, March 24.— IAP) —A negro gunman today (tilled Patrolman M. E. Palmer in a Houston Heights gun fight that ended in the death of the negro.
The negro and the officer exchanged shots as Patrolmen Palmer and H. D. Roberts sought to arrest the negro in a garage apartment. The negro refused to come out of the house, witnesses said, and the patrolmen threw tear gas into the building.
Shots poured from the structure and Palmer fell wounded. The negro’s body was found In the building a few minutes later.
Roberts, at first reported wounded, escaped injury.
See HENDRICKS, Pg. ll, Col. I
Karl A. Crowley Leaves For Texas
WASHINGTON, March 24.—<4V-Solicitor Karl’A. Crowley of the postoffice department left by airplane today for Texas to confer with friends and political associates preliminary to announcing whether he will become a candidate for governor.
gressional wage bill opponents seated on the same platform with him he said bluntly:
"To those in and out of public office, who still believe in the feudal system—and beleve in it honestly—the people of the United States and In every section of the United States are going to say ‘we are sorry, but we want people to represent us whc*e minds are cast in the 1938 mould and not In the 1898 mouds.”
BENJAMIN, March 24.-A jury in 59th district court yesterday found Lowell Tackett, 23-year-old Hamlin resident, guilty on a charge of rape, and set punishment at five years in the penitentiary. The Jury deliberated a day, reported at 4:45 p. rn. A Knox City girl was the complainant.
Australian Defense Program Announced
CANBERRA. Australia, March 34. —(-Pi—Premier Lyons announced a three-year defense program for Australia today, involving new armaments expenditures totaling $124,-250,000.
With the regular defense maintenance programs, it was estimated Australia's armaments for the next three years would cost $215,000,000.
Nazi Program Gains In Czechoslovakia
PRAHA, March 24.—(ZP)—The natl movement in Czechoslovakia gained new adherents today when the German Christian socialist party decided unanimously to dissolve and march with Konrad Henleln’s Budenten German (nazi) party,
Erwin Zajicek, representing the Christian socialists In the cabinet as mlnibter .^without portfolio, re-Ugnad. #
HELP FOR BUSINESS—
President Names Committee To Map Financial Assistance
WASHINGTON, March 24.—(PW-Secretary Morgenthau announced today President Roosevelt has asked a committee of high federal officials to prepare a program of financial ald to business.
The treasury head, who Is chairman of the committee, said the group w'ould “go over various suggestions for loans to Industry, including small business, and try to put something together that is constructive.”
He added that he felt there was a real need for expanded financing, particularly of small business, but
said he did not know’ whether the government could do anything about it.
One of the first things that the committee will study, he said, is the ability of private institutions to furnish such financing.
With Morgenthau on the committee are James Roosevelt, son and I secretary of the president; Chairman Jesse H. Jones of the reconstruction finance corporation. Vice-Chairman Donald Ransom om the federal reserve board, and Chairman William O. Douglas, chairman of the securities commission.
Norris Insists On TVA Investigation
WASHINGTON, March 24. (JP — Senator Norris <Ind-Neb> insisted today on immediate approval of a senate investigation of the Tennessee Valley Authority, but both administration leaders and TVA critics were opposing his procedure.
Democratic Leader Barkley declared the Inquiry should be conducted jointly by the house and senate.
Senators King <D-Utah) and Bildges iR-NH', outspoken critics of the TVA, wanted to write into the resolution a long list of specific charges against TVA administration.
The senate audit committee approved the Norris resolution, which w-ould provide $50,000 for expenses of the Investigation committee Its presentation to the senate this afternoon was expected to precipitate a new round of hot debate over President Roosevelt's ouster of TVA Chairman A. E. Morgan.
Senate Rejects Reorganization Bill Amendment
Byrd's Proposal Is Defeated By 47 To 36 Margin
WASHINGTON. March 24.—UP)— The senate tentatively approved today abolition of the office of comptroller general. It rejected 47 to 36 a proposal by Senator Zyrd <D-Va> to preserve the office intact.
Byrd had sought to knock wit of I the administration's pending reorganization bill a revision to eliminate the comptioiier and dl-i vide his duties between the director of the budget and a new officer, the auditor general.
Senator Schwellenbach (D-Wash) charged the comptroller general exercises "the most dictatorial powers ever given a federal official ”
Schwellenbach charged the comptroller general had failed to file required yearly reports with congress on alleged illegal expenditures. He said the only report in 12 years had been filed March 4. after consideration of the reorganization bill was begun.
The senate’s preoccupation with reorganization apparently tied up. for the time being, all efforts to immediately authorize an Investigation of the Tennessee Valley authority.
On the house side a similar delay was in prospect. Chairman O'Connor (D-NY) announced the rules committee would begin open hearings Monday on various pending investigation proposals.
Tile house itself took up the $447,-808,555 war department appropriation bill, hearing it described by Chairman Snyder «D-Pa> of the appropriations subcommittee which prepared it as verging on the inadequate “in the light of present world conditions.”
Tile house-approved fax revision bill lost its undistributed profits tax provision entirely at the hands of the senate finance committee which substituted instead a flat 18 per cent corporation income tax.
U. S. Navy
Believes Uncle Sam Planning To Attack Japanese
TOKYO, March 24.—(AP)—A Japanese navy spokesman said today he believed the U. S. navy’s $1,121,-000,000 expansion bill shows the United States is considering naval operations against Japan.
The spokesman, speaking at a press conference, said “my own view Is that lf Americans are not thinking of overseas operations they would not need a fleet of that size. Nor do I believe the object of American operations could be any other than Japan.”
Self defense still Is the basic principle underlying Japan's plans, he added, but he noter’ “with Interest” Admiral William D. Leahy's explanation for the necessity of the construction measure.
Admrlal Leah}, chief of naval operations. told the house naval committee Feb. 4 that the navy at present was incapable of defending both
Prime Minister Warns Germany
Czechoslovakia Not Given Guarantee Of Immediate Armed Help Against Invasion
LONDON, March 24.—(AP)—Prime Minister Chamberlain today refused to give Czechoslovakia “a prior guarantee” of immediate armed help against German aggression, but he warned Adolf Hitler that a middle European war would drag in other pokers.
“Where peace and war are concerned,” he told a packed, intent house of commons, “legal obligations are not alone involved, and if war broke out it would be unlikely to be confined to those who have assumed such obligations.
“It would be impossible to say where it would end and what governments might become involved.
“This is especially true of two countries like Britain and France xxx devoted to the
WASHINGTON. March 24, (AP)—The United States has decided to Invoke the escalator clause of the London naval treaty and build battle*]^** larger than 35.000 tons, state department officials said today.
Secretary of State Hull said at his press conference that recommendations to this effect were being received from diplomatic and naval representatives of the United States, Great Britain and France, who have been consulting in London for nearly a month.
the Atlantic and Pacific coasts at the same time. Subsequently he asserted the United States has no alliances, foreign commitments or understandings regarding assistance to be given or received in defending the United States or defending any other nation.
Credence was placed in American denials that actual cooperation exists between the United States and Great Britain, but the spokesman added;
“Personally. I think they have something like a common understanding which does not go to the extent of cooperation.”
Reports that 1938 U. S navy war games would extend too near the borders of Japanese mandated Islands In the Pacific, drew from the naval representative the remark:
“It is unbelievable the Americans would come so near.”
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Accused Extortion Pair Arraigned
NEW ROCHELLE. N. Y. March 24.—(UP)—-Werner Fred Luck. 23-year-old German-bom chauffeur, and Edward John Perm, 18-year-old high school student, were arraigned today on charges of attempting to extort money from Murray Levine, father of kidnaped Peter Levine.
Both waived examination and were taken to the county Jail at East View to awalt grand jury action. They were accused of attempting to send a note to Levine demanding the $30,000 ransom which he had offered to pay for the return of his 12-year-old son, missing since Feb. 24.
City Judge Thomas N. Fasso refused bail, asserting that the crime I which Luck and Penn were accused I of committing was “almost as atro- I cious and abominable as the original kidnaping.”
Westex Druggists Open Convention
BIO SPRINO. March 24. fewest Texas druggists assembled in Big Spring today for their spring convention, approximately 225 registering for the opening session.
Representatives of the state association, Festus Pearce of Corsicana, president, and Dr. W. J. Danforth. Fort Worth, secretary, were speakers on toe morning program. The delegates were honored at a jobbers’ luncheon at noon, and discussion of trade topics was on the program for this afternoon. Tonight a banquet and dance will be entertainment features. with Col Ernest O. Thompson, Texas railroad commissioner member, the speaker at the banquet.
El Paso, Sweetwater and Abilene delegates were making spirited bids for the next convention. Sessions ; will be concluded Friday.
same ideals of democratic liberty and determined to uphold them.”
Chamberlain spoke 57 minutes in presenting his anxiously awaited statement of foreign policy, the most important such declaration by a British prime minister since the World war.
During most of his speech Chamberlain leaned his left elbow on the famous dispatch box used by Disraeli, Gladstone and other prime ministers.
He promised Britain would send the new arms she was forging into battle to uphold the treaties she already has. notably those for aid to France and Belgium, and to protect her vital interests.
He urged solution of the problems between Hitler's expanded Germany and Czechoslovakia. He insisted there still were prospects for success In his bargaining with Italy's Mussolini.
But he said Britain must strive for peace, “because we know that In war there are no winners.” ATTLEE FOLLOWS
Voicing the views of the labor party and others It} the opposition that Britain should take a firmer line against Europe's dictators, Clement R. Attlee, opposition leader. followed Chamberlain.
"Chamberlain has yielded to force,” he declared. "He has left us and the world In the 1914 situation.
"There is nothing so dangerous as a policy of weakness, drift and uncertainty.
"The prime minister does not seem to realize the full gravity of the situation and the need for positive. not mere negative action.
Attlee said he was shocked by Chamberlain’s "amazing credulity” in accepting Italy's promises.
Chamberlain made a flat pledge to fight if France or Belgium were the victim of unjustified attack when he said:
’ Our existing commitments which might lead to the use of our arms for a purpose other than our own defense are, first of all, defense of
See BRITAIN, Pg. ll. Col. I
SOLD FOR $5
little Elisabeth Jean Ghent, t nearly two, was placed in the care of her paternal grandparents in Baltimore by court order after it was revealed her mother had given her to a childless couple along with a "bill of sale.” The mother. Dorothy Martin Ghent, 21, Jobless, said she received $5 but had "given it back in presents for the baby.”
Tornado Kills 60
COMILLA, Bengal, India, March 24.—'P\—Sixty persons were reported killed and hundreds injured today when a tornado swept three villages near here. Property damage and livestock losses were heavy.
Lake Land Tax Suit To Supreme Court
With judgment rendered in fav-01 of the city of Abilene in the lith court of civil appeals at Eastland, I Jones county has carried its case for collection of taxes on the Fort Phantom Hill reservoir land to the state supreme court.
The district court held the land was subject to taxation, and the civil appeals court at Eastland reversed the decision and rendered judgment for the city.
The city contends that the land was purchased for a municipal wa-I ter supply, thereby exempt from I taxes; Jones county has contended I that because the land was leased for agricultural purposes, the city should pay tax. The Eastland court held that the leasing of the land was Incidental to the purpose for J which it was purchased.
New Crisis Is Facing France
Sudden Outbreak Of Strikes Adds To Money Worries
PARIS, March 24.—(SP)—A sudden outbreak of new strikes in th* Paris district and the Lille region in northern France was added today to the financial and political difficulties of Premier Leon Blum'* government.
The strikes came in the metallurgical, chemical and other Industries and included several nationalized factories, where worker* sought to enforce employers to sign new collective contracts.
In parliament the chamber, debating a measure for "total mobilization” of the nation in wartime, approved a new governmental department for civilian defense: Blum faced senate opposition to his financial proposals; socialists warned of a plot to set up a dictatorial "public safety” cabinet.
The strikes, which embraced th* Citroen and other large factories in toe Paris district, were limited chiefly to "symbolic” movement, with work halted for only a few
See NEW CRISIS, Pg. II, Col. I
Hitler Will Find Czechs Fntirely Different From Austria Which Was Weak And Friendless
Dry thermometer Wet thermometer Relative humidity
Noon . ......
i'unr.ee ... Sunset . p m, Tam 12: «9* SS*
70 fi :37 0:53 n rn. 79* ; SS*
Blonde Slain In Sweetheart's Home
NEW YORK. March 24 —(UP)-Clara Matthiesen, 18 - year-old blonde, was shot to death today in the home of her 16-year-old sweetheart, Donald Carroll, at Jackson Heights. Queens.
Capt. Daniel Lake of the New- ! town police precinct said the girl was found dead in a chair in the Carroll living room. She had bf*n shot with a .45-calibre revolter. The weapon was near the body. J
Editors* Note- Joseph Martinet assistant editor-ln-chlef of the newspaper Pravo Lido In Prague. Czechoslovakia. was asked by the United Press to write a dispatch explaining his country’s position in the recent shift of alignments in central Europe. Before taking up his present duties in Prague, Mar-tinek served as editor of the Czechoslovakia newspaper Amer-icke Delnicke Listy in Cleveland, Ohio. His dispatch follows.
By JOSEPH MARTINEK Written for The United Press
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, March 24— (UP* Is Czechoslovakia be the next subject of German aggression?
Most Ilk*, but not in the same
I manner as Austria, for the case of Czechoslovakia differs in many re-j spects from that ol Austria. The Austria of 1938 presented the strange picture of a country without an effective army and a government without popular support. Not only nazis but also Austrian workers whose movement was crushed and driven under ground four years ago oppose Schuschnigg, and reconciliation with them was effected too late to save Austria. Austria was without a strong will to live independently. She was a Germanspeaking country of barely seven million population. She had only one “frfend*” who betrayed her— Italy.
The case of Czechoslovakia is different. She has 16,000,000 inhabit tauts in an are* as large a* England
and Wales. She has a strong, well-disciplined army excellently equipped and supported by a system of fortifications that can match anything Germany may build. Th* great majority of the people ar* solidly united behind the government. They are animated by a fierc* determination to remain free, and will defend themselves to the utmost.
Although having a sizable German minority, Czechoslovakia I* not a German-speaking state. Th* Czech-German frontier is one of the oldest In Europe, unchanged for about a thousand years. Above all, Czechoslovakia does not stand alone. She has military alliances with France and Soviet Russia, and the**
See CZECHS WILL, Fr. 12, Cal. f