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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 23, 1944, Abilene, Texas RED CROSS WAR FUND CAMPAIGN BOX SCORE Bounty quota Contribution. Wed. Contribution.; to LXIII, NO. 281 Clje gfoilene Reporter T'P I IC-II n i _ MORNING WITHOUT OR WITH OVPENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES W SKETCH WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COE A TEXAS ntWSPAPP____________ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 23, 1944 -FOURTEEN PAGES Aisoclatcd Press IAP) Oaltei Prtu IV.P.) BABY GIVEN AWARD FOR LATE old Buster Peek Jr., held.hy his mother, is presented the Dis- tinguished Flying Cross awarded posthumously to his father, T-J. Buster Peak of Paint Rock, former McMiirry football star, who was killed in action over Germany last year, from Col. II. M. Wittkop, commander of the Big Spring Bombard- ier School. Previously the baby had been given the Air Medal and Purple Heart for his hero faalher. Mrs. Peek resides at Forsan. RAF Follows Up Heavy Yank Raid LONDON, Thursday, March heavy bombers, escorted by powerful fighter formations, struck through heavy flak yesterday, losing 13 bombers and nine'fighters, and the RAF followed up with a strong smash at Frankfurt and unspecified other German targets in. the night. .The-Berlin station in a broadcast shortly after mid- ivight that "stjtong British'bomber formations tonight-botnb- ed' places' in London !s Hit Again by-Nazis LONDON, March man.raiders returned to London to- .ijht while the sprawling British capital still was cleaning up the damage caused by the attack of1 more than 100 Nazi planes early to- day. ijyrhe return visit, however, was of minor consequence and the alert, early in the night, lasted only half an hour. Flares were dropped in one dis- trict of the capital and in southern England, indicating the small-scale effort may have been an armed re- connaissance mission, since ihe Nazis seltiom brave daylight for "spying" on the island. Only a few of the planes reached Qe metropolitan section and one was destroyed. The German news agency DNB claimed that Nazi pilots had used a new trick to break through Lon- don's strong defenses and assert- ui. "the battle of London contines. shall come again." Committee Ckehs WASPS Army Status 1 WASHINGTON, March Military status (or the Women's Alr- forcc Service Pilots was approved by the House military committee to- day after General H. Arnold, chief of the army air forces, tesll- fyA they are good fliers and that re plar.s to send all the male pilots to fight. The WASPS, now numbering 534 civilian women, ferry army planes, .make weather flights, tow aerial tar- cets, and do other non-combat fly- Under the approved bill women pilots and aviation cadets would be appointed in the army oirforces ovi the same level with men perform- ing the same duties. Jacqueline Cochran Odium, not- 1 woman pilot who now heads the WASPS, probably would rank as a lieutenant colonel. American Airlines Acquires Export NEW YORK. March 22 Signing of an agreement under which American Airlines, Inc. wmild acquire control of Export Airlines. Inc.. toward international air Iran sportatlon 'under the American was announced by companj heads today. A. N. Kemp, American Airlines president, and W. H. Coverdaic of American Ex-port ra-esli "stw Steamship Lines, Inc., of which American Export Airlines Is a sub- Mdiary) said In a Joint nnnounce- ment that the transaction had been j fubmitkd to the Civil Aeronauli'cs hoard lor aooroval. PRICE FIVE CENTS Germany Reported Feverishly Plugging Gaps to Halt Soviets y confirmed in London, with dentificatiou of Frankfurt as the major objective. Amen can heavy bombers had at- :acked the Frankfurt area Monday. The American daylight attack i-esterrtay on Berlin was the fifth in 19 days and the heavy bombers were estimated to have dropped of explosives. They en- countered no fighter opposition, but the flak was extremely heavy. Military targets still standing in Barlin as well as factories and tran- sportation facilities in the sur- rounding area were pounded by the big bombers, although some of the formations were forced to drop [heir explosives by instrument through thick clouds and could not observe results. The American armada was estimated at between 5flO and 150 bombers and between 750 and escorting craft, The communique said 'very forces" of Mustang. Lightning and Thunderbolt fighters of both the Eighth antt Ninth Air Forces took part in the raid. These circled over Berlin for a considerable period, the announce- ment said, and later left the bomb- ers to search for action elsewhere- strafing airdromes, railways and other targets in Germany and en- emy vessels along the coast. The capital's anti-aircraft bat- teries appeared to have been strengthened since the last daylight raid March 9, crewmen said. Several fliers reported seems bombers brottn in tiro over (he larjcl by flak. One u. s. bomb- er was forcer! down on the is- land at Gotland, Sivodcn, Ihe Swedish radio announced. Through ooc.ifional breaks in the clouds crew men said they saw hund- reds cf fires in Berlin and the bil- lowing black from these added to the rtarkr.cjs over the city. Reds Advance On Ukrainian Battlefield LONDON, Thursday, Mar. 23 (AP) _ The Red army hurled back the Germans at the southeastern end of the Ukrainian battleline the Nazis' easternmost extension in by cap- turing the important fortified railway junction of Pervo- maisk, driving .to the ap- proaches of Vozncscnsk to the southeast and reaching a point eight miles from Ni- kolaev on the Bug estuary, Moscow announced today. On the northwestern end of the 000-mile line a fierce pitched bat- tle with fresh German reserves Hung in for a counter-attack re- suited In the liquidation of detach- ments of two German guards divi- sions, the midnight Soviet commu- nique said. More than men were killed and many prisoners and much booty captured in the battle, which the Russians located as near Pod- amchyc. Podzamchye, 13 miles east of Brody In old Poland, was report- ed captured last Sunday. The late bulletin, recorded by the Soviet. Monitor, said hundreds or Germans were drowned in the Bug river when the Russians, in a two-day battle, cracked carefully erected German defenses around Pervomaisk. Moving in from the east and the south the .-Russians pinned the German garrison against the river and wiped out those who tried to hold on. Much mater- ial and many .prisoners Vere re- ported taken. Pervomaisk is an Important for- tified-railway junction which has been protecting the German with- drawal from the'southern Ukraine. ,To the southeast the Russians the enemy- on (he ap- proaches of a station on the Odessa-Cherkasy railway, 85 miles northeast of Odessa. One of the hamlets reported captured was Alexandrovka, nine miles north of Voznesemk. Nazis Say Rome To Be Open City LONDON, March The Germans said today they would completely demilitarize Rome in an effort to place responsibility for bombings on the Allies, but it was regarded as unlikely here that the Allies would take any cognizance of this unilateral declaration of an "open city." The Nazi-controlled Rome radio said the Germans would, within the next tew days, withdraw all mili- tary installations and divert all mil- itary traffic from the eternal city "so that responsibility for the bomb- ing of will remain entirely with the Allies." The statement said everything woulrt be removed "which could serve as the slight- est pretext for air terror x x i Home originally was declared an open city August 14, 1943. by the Badoglio government before the Italian surrender. Military men were skeptical of German intentions, because they believe the supplying of Nazi troops in Ihe AnzJo beachhead south of the city would be almost Impossible without the usr of Rome's highways and rail lines. All worthwhile routes from the north funnel through Rome or its outskirts. EXPLORER FRANK BUCK GETS LOST IN NATIVE TEXAS PASS, 22 Buck, who his traveled the trackless jundes of the world In his quest tor wiid animals, got lost in his native-' Texas yesterday. An airplane picked him up, for his first airplane and' you can quote me that I was he said. Scheduled to make two ap- pearances at the Easle Pass army air field, Buck m have arrived at the field yes- terday morning. That after- noon telephoned from I-aredo, Texas, saying thai he hail arrived there by mistake. The animal hunter, who his crossed ihe Pacific ocean more Ihin 45 times, tot off the trick it Texas, where he board- ed the wronr bus. An airplane flew him to the Eatle Pass army air field In time for his per- formance. Frank Buck was born Gainesville, Te.vu, grew up In San Anielo. Texas, before bediming his world Mirth for rare animals. Allied Artillery Into Cassino Fight ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, March Allied artillery was hauled up today to blast point-blank at German parachute troops clinging to the ruins of the Con- tinental hotel and a half-dozen other buildings at the south- ern edge of Cassino as the fight for that Nazi stronghold rose to its wildest'pitch. Behind this raking fire, battle-hardened New Zealand infantry slugged forward foot-by-foot, often engaging in fierce hand-to-hand combat. At the end of a week of savage fighting the Germans still were resisting with a ferocitj that has characterized theii defense, of the road to Rome, fully as Wtterragcd on thL steep slopes of west of Cassino, from which Gerrrtan guns nnd mortars pumped terrific fire into the battle areas. Two more Nazi counter-attacks against Al- lied-held Castle hill, directly above: the rubble of Cassino, were flung back today. (The German-controlled Rome radio announced that the Nazis would withdraw all military installa- tions from Rome and "further de- viate" military traffic from the eternal city "so that responsibility for bombing Rome will remain en- tirely with the Allies." The Germans TEXAS AIR HERO MISS- John Gary Morgan (above) of Amarillo, wlio holds the Congressional Med- al of Honor, is missing from a recent raid on Berlin. Mor- gan received the medal for fighting a dying pilot away from a bomber's controls to complete a mission and bring the crippled plane home. This picture was made last Decem- ber when he received Ihe medal. The Weather declared Home an open city lasl Aug. 14. when they said nil military installations had been withdrawn) American and British troops on the ,Anzio beachhead appear to be sale against sny further all-out German attempt, to drive them into the sea. Allied medium-bombers and light- ers flew about 800 sorties yesterday In weather that grounded the four- engined fleet, losing four planes and destroying an equal number of en- emy, craft. CUT 1HEM OFF, LET THEM STARVE STRATEGY WORKS IT WAS "HITLER'S BUDDIE" THEN In contrast to the cordiality displayed here, Adm. Nicholas Horthy, left, Re- gent of Hungary, is now reported held as a 'hostage by Adoipli Hitler while German troops arc reported maching into Hungary because of the laUcr's refusal to give more nid against the Russians. In this photo, Hitler, right, was es- corting Horthy through the streets of Kiel in the summer of J938 and Horthy was paying a visit of state to Germany a{ that time. German controlled broadcasts last night said Horthy had authorized formation of a new government but made no mention of his whereabouts. (NEA JAPS' ADVANCE IN MOVES ed Slates forces 'nnrt that the mili- tary position of (he Rising Sun em- pire had reached the during [he past few months. The penetration of Japanese forc- es into India was officially an- nounced Wednesday at New Delhi. These Nippon troops, described as raiding columns, advanced west- ward practically unopposed. They were striking toward Jmphal. under Jungle cover, through the Mantpur mountain region. A Southwest Pacific communique late Wednesday afternoon snltl as United States Marines lightened CFON1N Associated Press War Editor The first penetration of India by Japanese troopi overshadowed far eastern nnd Pacific' war develop- ments Wednesday. The Invasion, practically unopposed, was minimiz- ed by British military chiefs. In the Pacific ocean American nlr forces delivered heavy blows against. Nippon's southwest strongholds, blasted Marshall atolls, nnd struck against the Japanese in Burnra, south China and French Imlo-Chi- na. Meanwhile a note of Japanese pessimism entered the picture ns Premier Gen. HldcM Tojo warned Ihe diet In Tokyo that Japan could expect to (ccl heavier blows by Unit- Serge Huard Dies MADRID. .March 33 The death in Paris of Serge Hunrd, for- mer secretary of slate for family and health In the Vichy govern- ment, was reported today in a French dispatch to Madrid. Roscoe Soldier Is Missing in Action Pfc. James H. Bowcn. son of Mrs. Emily Josephine of route 3. Roscoe. has been officially listed by the War department M missing In action In the Mediterranean area. it was announced last night by the United Press. r. 5. nrpARTMKxr or COMMERCE ttEATIIER BUREAU .INn Partly rlooiv Thursday Ihrough Trldir. farm- er EAST TrtAS: Parllj- rlooiir Than- ilaj throarh Tridar. warmer TrlAti; [rrih la AcciltftniUjr ilronr Hindi an Ilir rout WEST Tr.VAS: Gtntr.ll. Hi, Ihun- di? IhrnQirh uarrotr Trldar and In Ihr Pa day aflt Panhandle and plaint Thorji- WrH. AM Tatj. and l'tliATL-Rr Wed. PM SI .11 12-3? fl 17 l it was announced tonight. Churchill's talk also will be beam- ed to America, BBC said. iSOLDIER DEAD, 2 WOUNDED AFIER SHOOTING AI CAMP Oi-.e negro soldier was dead, two were in a hospital nnd another was in solitary coniinement .it the Camp Barkelcy stockade late last night as the result of a during n dance In service club No. 3 (col- In confinement was Pvt. Fred Hurse, who according to reports to Ihe camp provost marshal's office, fatally wounded one soldier and shot two o'.htrf. All were n-.err.bers of the 434th quartermaster battalion, ncaro, sta- tioned at Barkcicy. The shooting with an army rifle, occurred during a dance given at the service cl'.ib In honor of the battalion. N'ames of the soldier killcrt ?nd of those wounded were withheld by camp authorities penrtinj notifica- tion cif next of kin. Bus Drivers Vole To Continue Strike PtTTSBURGH. March 22-W) _ Striking bus drivers of the Penn- sylvnnia Greyhound lir.es voted to- night to continue their walkout In spile of an ultimatum by the re- gional war labor board thai the six- day ticup end by midnight. The announcement n-as made by Sam Barroiif. an Internal vice pres- ident of the Amalgamated Associa- tion of Street. Electric Railway and Motor Coach Employes (AFLi. He said a b.ick-lo-work proposal was rejected by a "m: ,o.-ity" of the un- ion loc.il Barrm-.R said he and T. E. Ben- son, president of the union local, would fly to Philadelphia tomorrow to answer the RWLB ultimatum which ordered the drivers cither to end the strike by midnight or hare their rcprertT.Miives appear before the board to show cause why they should not rcti.ri: im.T.cdiateiy. HP said the ur.ion men were as- sured plane reservations through a war department priority and would appear before the board at p. m. FDR's Head Cold Reported Better WASHINGTON. March President Roosevelt, who has been confined to the living quarters of .the White Mouse all week with a head coM. was described by aides toniztii as showing continued Im- provement. The president, for a third day n row, however, had no engage- ments aud worked cjuieily in his study. ;