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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 23, 1938, Abilene, Texas AFTER REPEATED DEFIANCE- FDOusts Chairman Morgan As Tollies Of TV A' Reach Grand Finale "thorny for hls action. In a letter to Morgan, cited reuoni for lfmMn. B. MORGAN WASHINGTON, March Roosevelt summarily dismissed Chairman Arthur E. Morgan or TVA from office today, precipitating wlval many be- lieved would be a bitter controversy In the courts and In congress. Tor Morgan, long engaged In a guerilla warfare with olher directors of the public power agency, was ready lo resist the chief executive's order, and critics of TVA at the capltol were eager lo bare the agency's Innermost secrets In a congressional Investigation. Roosevelt elevated Vice-Chairman Harcourt A. Mor- gan lo the chairmanship. He has aligned himself with Director David E. Llllenlhal In opposing the policies of chairman Morgan. In Informed rourcjs, It was said the vacancy on the board might be filled tomorrow, possibly by the appointment of James Fly, now TVA's general counsel. At any rate, congress will be officially notified of Chairman Morgan's removal tomorrow. Roosevelt raid he would send a message embodying (he record of his recent personal Investigation of the TVA row and !n- corporatlng an opinion by Attorney General Cum- mings citing his. authority for his action. legislators were quick to praise or blame the presi- dent tonight. Senator Bridges (R-NH) said the dis- missal was an act of "the typical while Speaker Bankhead declared it was "thoroughly justr- Almost simultaneously with the prei.ldciit's an- nouncement, made at his regular press conference, the house dealt TVA a vigorous blow, rejecting 186 to 157 an amendment to the TVA appropriation bill which would provide for beginning con- struction of the GIlbertEVIIle (Ky.) dam. Proponents of the appropriation contended the structure was the very "keystone" of the Tennessee valley program, and that !t had (he approval of both of TVA's Its opponents argued, on (he other hand, that the dam was unnecessary. Behind Roosevelt's action of today lay the record of his personal investigation of TVA, in which Chair- man Morgan refused to take more than a limited part on the ground (hat a congressional investigation was needed. Referring to these proceedings, the president, In a letter to Morgan, cited reasons for removing him as follows: "Openly making grave and llbclous charges of dis- honesty and want of Integrity against your fellow-di- rectors without reasonable excuse of Justification. "Obstructing the work of the Tennessee Valley Au- thority. "Refusing to oubmit to Ihe demand of the chte! executive for facts upon which you relied In openly making grave and llbelous charges of dishonesty and want of integrity against your fellow-directors and re- fusing lo respond to questions of Ihe chief executive relating to charges of obstruction made against you by your fellow directors. The president added: "f have taken note of Ihe tact that you have not presented to me In person or In writing any reason why 1 should not remove you." Roosevelt asked that this be done at the close of his hearings yesterday, Morgan, however, telling news- men he had no Idea of complying, left Washington for his home In Yellow Springs, Ohio, last night. Reminded at his press conference that there Vis sflne controversy ovtr his power to remove Chairman Morgan, the president said his authority would be died in the message to congress tomorrow. Voluntarily, he denied statements he was opposed to congressional invesllgallon of TVA. Such ments, he said, had been made by special writers and columnists and contained not one word of truth. YELLOW SPRINGS, Ohio, March terse "Well, that's was Arthur E. Morgan's comment today on his removal as TVA chairman. He indicated he would take no Immediate steps to oppose the president's action. He remarked lo newsmen; "I think I was guilty of contumacy before and I'm here to get the He declined lo disclose the nature of the records. He planned to leave for Chicago tonight on a busi- ness trip of an undisclosed nature. Dr. Morgan, former president of Antloch college here; received n noisy reception when he returned today, Slaciei on his old desk were telegrams urging him, he said, to "stick lo his guns." MORGAN VOL. LVII, NO. 305. Abilene Reporter OR OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR TOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT A1IMUU4 trttt (API Foreign Oilmen Flee Isolated Mexican Areas For Mexicans' Sentiment Creates Mild Danger In Some Ports MEXICO CITY, March of Mexico's expropriated foreign petroleum industry today rushed evacua- tion of American and other foreign workers from isolated areas where "Mexico for Mexicans" sentiment mounted. The evacuations, described as purely precautionary, pro- ceeded as thousands of students paraded here and the confeder- ation of Mexican workers ordered a nationwide "jubilee" for tomorrow. Officials of the 17 British and American companies affected 'emphasized there had been no reports of violence or disorder. Three planes were chartered by the Aguila company, largest of the expropriated concerns, to remove 36 Americans and 54 employes of other nationalities, ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 23, PAGES Tighten Watch On Schuschnigg Nozi Guards Move I nsjde Grounds Of Austrian's Palace VIENNA, March nail S. S. (blEckshlrt) lifeguards today moved from posts outside Be- lvedere castle, where former chan- cellor Kurt Schuschnigg has been held virtual prisoner since Austria's union with Germany, to a little house within the palace grounds. The guards, apparently members of Adolf Hitler's said heretofore Schuschnigg often went hiking In the palace grounds. Now. however, he appeared con- fined to the house about which the guards took new posts today. There was no authoritative ex- planation for ths change. Field Marshal Hermann Wilhelm GoErinj. who remained in Berlin as acting chancellor when Hitler came here last week, is expcct-xi to make his triumphal entry into Vienna at the head of Austrian S. A. (brown shirts) tomorrow or nest day. Meaiiwhtle. Sigmund Freud, 82- vear-old "father of was seriously 111, close friends, said, after a visit, of secret nazi police to his home last night. The police were said to have seized the Jewish scientist's passports. Offices of the company which published Preud's books also were closed. iln Berlin, it was staled author- itatively that reports of more than arrests In Vienna were Incor- rect. (Tonight It was asserted only 712 persons remained in some form of custody on charges Including criminal offenses and currency vio- lations. lit was added many of those held would be released as soon as fears subside regarding their personal safety.) Spotted Showers Fall In West Texas Total Here Kept Above Normal West Texfl? farmers and ranch- ers anxiously awaited more rain- fall last night after spoiled show- ers Tuesday Abllcnc's rainfall was one-third of an Inch, clouds rolling .over the city after the morning shower giving only n weak promise of more precipitation. Snyder reported .64 inch and some hail. Tc. the northwest there was more, but little damage was reported. To Ihe east. Cisco reported belwcen one quarter and one-half Inch o( rain. Albany re- ceived a halt Inch, nnd showers extended northward from Abilene to Munday. Kotan and Roby re- ported quarter-inch rains. Anson reported .52 Inch falling in the early morning, and Coleman. In the opposite direction, had a long shower. Buffalo Gap. Brad- shaw ami shcp In the south part of Taylor county were undampen- ed however. Year's total for Abilene was brought In 3.27 Inches, against a normal of 2.8. with their families, from the isthmus of Tehimntepec zone. jtresldet.t Lazaro .Cardenas, assured Mexican in- dustry .expropriation was not con- templated against any other bus- iness. He described the case of the oil companies as "exceptional." CAKDENAS, ENVOY TALK United States Ambassador Jose- phus Daniels called on President Cardenas lat; today tor a 45-min- ute talk concerning the oil sit- uation, but the envoy refused to discuss what happened at the meeting. He disclosed, however, that he acted on Secretary Hull's telephon- ed instructions. Some observers considered it significant he went directly to the chief executive in- stead of the foreign secretary. An authrrltatlve palace source said Daniels voiced Secretary Hull's hope n settlement might be devised, and that Cardenas again protested his friendship for the United States. L. L. 'AnderEon, general manager of the Huastecn Oil said Ed "Borreso, superintendent MEXICO, Fj. 7. Col. 4 Business Awful Business U still lerrible over at Pat Patterson's tax collecting office Through Tuesday he had sold only passenger car license plate sets and only 30 for commercial vehicles. Between now nnd April I, more passenger and more com- mercial vehicles must be registered. It is going to call for some long standing Jlne.s, Patterson predicts. Assault Case Goes To Benjamin Jury BENJAMIN, March In the trial of Lowell Tackctt. 23-year- old Hamlln youth under Indictment reaching a verdict. Deliberations will be resumed Wcdncsdav. A 16-year-old Knox city girl is the complainant. Jury was selected from a special venire of 90 men. Judge Isaac O. Newton is presiding for the trial In 59th district court. Testimony was heard Monday and Tuesday, the jury receiving the case about 7 p. m. Tuesday. 'LAST RAFT'CAPSIZES AFTER STRIKING BRIDGE PRICE 5 CENTS This carefully reconstructed old time lumber raft. Intended to recall Pennsylvania's .past lumbering glory, crashed into a bridge piei near Williamsport on Ihe Eusquehanna river. One of Ihe 42 passengers was kill- ed and six were missing. The raft was making a 200-mile trip and is shown here as It went over ;alls at Lock Haven, which was believed Ihen the greatest obstacle on the trip. Choral Sirigers Launch Literary Events In County League Tourney Choral singing contests tonight in the Abilene high school auditorium will open the schedule of literary events In the annual interscholas- tic league meet for Taylor county. Tonight's contests win open at 7 o'clock, under direction of Mrs. Andy Shouse of Union Ridge. Thurs- day night debating contests will be held, under supervision of M. S. Shclton ot Shep. Friday, and Saturday are feature days for the yearly meet. Friday de- clamation, extempore speech, story telling, thrce-R's, picture memory, music memory, arithmetic, spelling, essay writing and other literary contests will be held at First Bap- tist church. Track ar.d fic'd events will be held at the Abilene high school stadium Saturday, with volleyball at the high school gymnasium at the same time. Literary events will be concluded with the one-act play contests Thursday aid Friday. .March 31 and April 1. Because of Ihe unusual number of entries, the contest Is be- ing held on Iwo nights this year. TEXAS OIL ALLOWABLE FOR APRIL 10PS MAKH FIGURE r Quota Bbls. Above Previoui Month; Westex Areas Get Boosts AUSTIN. I-farch railroad commission today set (he basic Texas oil p-roduction for April at barrels daily, an increase of barrels a day over this month's figure. The increase was authorized In the face of the bureau of mines esti- mate that demand for Texas oil next month would be barrels daily, a drop of 15.100 barrels a day from March. County Officers To. Gather At B'wood BROWNWOOD, March hundred county judges and commissioners from 130 coun- ties arc expected to attend the seml- West Texas County Judges for rape, retired tonight without, Commissioners association con vention in Brownwood Thursday, Frinday and Saturday, Omar Burleson, Anson, Jonss county judge, is president of the association nnd will preside at the business and discussion programs. Other officers are Hal Burnet. Im- perial, Pecos county commissioner, vice president; and Homer T. Bouldin, Albany, shscMford county judge, secretary-treasurer. The commission extended the statewide Sunday oil field shutdowns through April, and it would not be surprising if they are continued un- til June I or July 1 because of un- usually large gasoline stocks. The conservation agency, fixed the allowable April 1 not counting the Sunday shutdowns, at bar- rels a day compared with March -1 nnd March 19. ONE DISTRICT NOT HIKED All districts except southwest Tex- as received slight increases over their March 1 allowables. The southwest Texas figure dropped from 265.050 to 261.886 due to inability of many wells to make their March al- lowables. Allowables by districts, not count- ing the Sunday shutdowns, for March 1, March 19 and April 1 were: East Texas and Panhandle. 76.613, and 77.103; North Texas. 67.086, 69.- 280 and 69.652; west central 73 341. and 73.786; West Texas. and 194.060' cast central, 109.018. and southwest Texas. anti 261.886; gulf coast, 222542 and 221.315. The new KAI.A. field near Wich- ita Falls was given an April basic alowablc of 9.789 barrels a day com- pared with 7.341 In March. WEST TEXAS AREAS West Texas: Bennett, 1.098. 2- 021 nnd Church Fields 6647 6.C7S nnd North Cowdcn' 7 020, and 8.- 031 and 8.031; Foster, 4.537 and Puhrman, 1.239, 1.2S5 and 1.413; Goldsmith. 12.647. nnd 13.272; Harper, 3581. and 5- 384; Henderson, 3.392, and 450: Hendricks, and Howard-Glasrcock, Sec Oil., rc. T, Col. 7 JAILBIRDS' LITTLE Prisoners Whose Smoking Rights Denied Them Train Cockroach To Smugg le Cigarefs Into Cell 4RT1.T i TH ANfARILLO. March Jailer Dick Vaushn, frantic because the oppcnr- niice nf cijarels In a solitary confinement cell led him lo believe a had a key. solved the mystery today and can't believe the solution him- self. A resrulatfon denies the prisoners It, solitary confine- ment the privilege of smoking. The cell cannot be readied wUhoul R key nnd Its only opening Is a creek under the door. For several days Jailer Vaughn found two prisoners In the cell smoking cigarcts. He searched thrm nnd the cell. Laler he causht them smoking ngaln. The incident was re- peated jo many times he con- cluded thai a prisoner had a key. Todw Vaughn heard the prisoners celling his own name. As he rlipped along the barred corridor he saw something on the floor. It WAS a large Tied securely to its back was a clgarct. The ro.ieh was headed for the crack VMder the ..oMary cell door Lntcr, Jailer Vaughan tested the roach, placing It In anoth- er room With a cfgaret on its back. Tlie roach responded to the call, delivered the clgaret. Several officers saw the roach demonstrate. Va'ijhn explained lhat the cisarettes had been tied on the coekroaclis's back by pris- oners :n open cells which are near the sclltary cell. The Incident won freedom from Cie cell for the two pris- oners. Said Jailer Vaushn: "Anyone who can make a cockroach work oughtn't to be In iOJlUry Deadline Fixed On Worksheets Forms Not In By Saturday To Get No 1938 Quotas 'County Agent Knox Farr and Chairman Walter Hammond of the soil conservation committee have fived Saturday as the deadline for filling out 1937 worksheets for farms in Taylor county. All farms that have not been cov- ered by worksheets by Saturday will be given no cotton quotas for 1938. Tills means, said Hammond, that a tax of two cents per pound will be charged on all cotton marketed from those farms and nil privileges under government loan and subsidy programs will be sacrificed. It Is necessary for (tie countv com- mittee r.nd the agent lo have work- sheets for virtually every farm In the county before the cotton acreage quotas may be figured. Parr esti- mated Tuesday that worksheets were In on all except t 3 t> French Hasten Action On Quick Solons Spur Work In Face Of Danger Of 'Swift' Undeclared German War PARIS, March French chamber of depntiei speeded work today on a bill to meet what was described as danger of a "swift, relentleis" undeclared war by nazi Germany. Deputies dropped party differences to debate the measure, which would provide for mobilization "on a few hours' notice, calling every able-bodied man and woman in France for duty in the trenches or munitions factories. During its lession chamber passed and sent to the sen- ate two bills providing a total of francs for national de- fense fund. MORE LOANS One of the bills would increase Bank ot Prance loans without Inter- est to the treasury from 000 to francs and the second provided thtt francs representing the the equalization fund, be -The. entire sum' would be part of the francs 000) the government has contracted to borrow for defenses In 1938. Debate on the mobilization bill was launched with a declaration by Dsputy Bdmond Meillet, radical- socialist chairman o[ Ihe army committee, that Adolf Hitler has foreseen a "rapid smashing of our country." The bill provides "equality of all by mobilization of Individuals and requisition of goods." It would mob- ilize the entire nation in wartime and set up In peace time an administra- tive organization to function dur- ing a war. Those whose factories or proper- ties were requisitioned would be given no Indemnity bub would be put on the government payroll at a nominal salary. All members ol parliament would be mobilized and the government would be moved out of Paris If ne- cessary. For several years the French ar- my, air corps and has been maintained on a 24-hour "vigi- lance" against the possibility of a lighting Nazi attack without a de- claration of war. This was the general staff agreed, after the Italian conquest of Ethiopia, that the next war probably would start without a declaration. Night watches have been main- tained at all military airdromes near the German frontier, and the steel and concrete Maglnot line on the German border has been manned with sentries day and night. British Worried With Nazi Problem LONDON, March British cabinet and house of com- mons struggled today with defense problems thrown on the nation by Adolf Hitler's absorption of Austria. With Czechoslovakia and Spain still major Issues Ihreatenlng Brit- ish security. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain conferred with his aides for two hours on his promised declarallon Thursday on foreign policy. The house of commons worked on See FRANCE, Pf. 7, Col. 6 WEST TEX AS Abilene Boy Poet's Composition Crashes Saturday Evening Post From milkpail to the Saturday Evening Post is the record of Mar- vin Miller'. In this week's Saturday Evening was found shot fatally here yestcr- Post' 26. on oage 62 appears day. will be held tomorrow. He was "Feather Chain." by Mar- thc son of the late Alex ganger, plo- vln of Abilene. With little neer Dallas merchant more than years of poetry writing behind him and still too young to vote, Man-in crashed one of the hardest "slick paper" maga- zines on the market. This erstwhile Abilene poet began writing poelry about tour years ago when a study hall leacher laughed at him and said he would never make a poet. entered Har- dln-simmons university midterm r. how when he was free and a happy-go- "do. lucky vagabond. The old man Is standing on the front porch of his house when a gray hawk appears and lights In with his athletic teams for an old oak tree. Uke the hawk, the past two stars. The latter Is See MILLER, Pf, 1, C Bids On Area Road Jobs Contracts Await Bodies: AUSTIN, March highway engineers today computed low bids on 3; projects costing and signalling the begin- ning of an expected spring con- struction program. Approval of the highway com- mission and U. S. Bureau of pub- lic roads is necessary before con- tracts can be let.' Low bidders on projects, by counties, Included: King, 203 miles of flexible and prime coat on Texas highway 24, U. 3. route 82, from highways and 24 to Knox county line, Cage Bros., Bishop, Knox, bridge anrl 01 er Salt Fork of Brazos river on highway 16 between Benjamin and Knox City, Oran Spepr, Alvord, J12S.280. SHACKELFORD, CALLAHAN Shackelford and Callahan, I.I miles of grading, pips culverts, flexible base and double asphalt treatment in Callahan surface county and widening three bridges and Snalum creek bridge and ap- proaches in Shackelford county on highways 23 and 15, U. S. 80-A from adjacent to Missouri-Texas crossing three miles south of Moran, brldsc.-. west of Albany and bridge three miles cast of Albany, E. F. Bucy A; Son and C. T. Childs, Ktslng Star, Nolan. 1.4 miles of widening cul- verts and stabilizing shoulders on highway 1, U. S. 80, from Sweet- water cast to Texas k Pacific overpass, John F. Buckner, Cle- See ROAD BIOS, PIT. r, Col. 1 Sup't Named To 22d Term At Coleman Principals, High" Coach Reelected City Supt. Charles H. Hufford to- night was elected to his 23rd term In that position by the board of trus- tees for the Coleman Independent school district. J. T. Runke. Cole- man high school principal since 1922, when he moved here from Santa, also was reelccted. D. E. Lovelace, principal of West ward school, and E. P. Shelton, high school athletic coach, also were reelected. Hufford served ten years aa sup- erintendent of schools at Brown- wood before moving to Coteman, He received his B.A. from Howard Payne at Brownwood and his M.A. as a freshman. He plans to major from the University of Colorado. In English. In the poem in the current Sal- ,c urday Evening Post, he takes his at Los Angeles setting and characters from West Runke served for two years at Atlanta, Texas, before moving to Although a comparatively short Santa Anna. He received his poem, it tells the complete story of B.A. from Southwestern university gray hawk's feather causes Rl Georgetown, and his M.A. de- man to remember the days from the University of Colo- He rlso has studied at universities of Nevada, Texas and California Principal Lovelace has served here five years nnd Coach Shelton has met with average success the graduate of East Texas college at Commerce, ;