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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 22, 1938, Abilene, Texas mm ism?® VOL. LYU, NO. 304. ®Jie Abilene Reporter ~38teti$“WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, \V E SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES”-Bywn A •tort* tea PTM* (API ABILENE, TEXAS. TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 22, 1938—TEN PAGES Vatted Prat (CPI PRICE 5 CENTS CHIEF OF WAR VETERANS UNDERWRITING PEACE— __ Democracies Work To Prevent War 8cott P. Squyres. Oklahoma City, commander in chief of Veterans of Foreign Wars, was an honored guest of Abilene VFW post today at a Hotel Wooten luncheon. Squyres was accompanied by Arthur Dodds, commander of the department of Texas. The commander in chief spoke last night in Cisco at a gathering of VFW members and will leave in mid-afternoon for Wichita Falls and a scheduled meeting tonight with veterans of that section. VETERANS OF FOREIGN WARS HEAR COMMANDER IN CHIEF Sixty members of the Abilene principal theme of the national post of Veterans of Foreign Wars, commander He pointed out the representatives of the auxiliary to education for peace programs and the post and visitors gathered at youth activities of the organization the w-vtton hotel ct coon today to as well as the rehabilitation pro-hear an address by Scott P Squyres, gram for ex-service men. He also V. F. W. commander in chief. emphasized the stand of the vet-Building Americanism, and peace erans in their efforts to secure through adequate armament, was either pensions or Jobs for all ex-—   --- —-* service men and pensions for wid ows and orphans of the veterans. In his tribute to the organization itself, National Commander Squyres said:    ‘Including,    as    it    does,    the veterans of any service on foreign soil, the Veterans of Foreign Wars of America will live forever, unless America stays permanently out of war ... It is the purpose of this organization to build Americanism and to foster peace in so far as possible. In the present turbulent state of world affairs, the only sal- Rainfall Helps Thirsty Grain Torrid Senate Debate On Navy Bill Expected La Follette And Borah To Lead Senate Attack WASHINGTON. March 22. UP — The administration's naval expansion bill, outspoken critics indicated today, will become a vehicle for I far-reaching senate deba' - on foreign policy, neutrality and nation- j al defense. Senate opponents of the bill, which the house passed yesterday i 292 to IOO, are led by Senators Borah (R-Ida> and LaFollette (Prog-Wis). They were expected to ! decide on their strategy soon after disposal of the government reorganization b.ll. LaFollette, calling the projected $1,100,000,000 expenditure for new ships “preposterous,” criticized particularly the proposal of naval experts to develop fleets capable of defending the United States on both coasts at the same time. “We seem suddenly to have discovered the Atlantic ocean," he commented. “I always thought it was an asset from a defense standpoint, but now it seems that it is a liability—which is silly." Senator Nye iR-ND) said the "big navy” bill was warlike and would call for “the most insane program that could be pursued.” Chairman Pittman tD-Nev) of the senate foreign relations committee said, however, there was no doubt that the bill would pass in virtually the same form as it was approved by the house. Hp added: “The United States hasn t any partners among the nations, doesn’t wart any partners. Because of that, we must be prepared to make other nations afraid to attack na. It’s the cheapest kind of peace insurance.’’ Licensing Bill Is Denounced MR. HYDE— ATHLETIC DIRECTOR AND TEACHER GEIS SIX MONTHS FOR STEALING CHICKENS MARION. Kans.. March 22 —iUP)—Albert Ewart, 28, who was until thLs week director of athletics and teacher of history at the Junior high school, today was out working on the roads among the county prisoners, serving a six months term for stealing chickens. His arrest and conviction left everybody in the county amazed except Sheriff Fred Graham, who had suspected the teacher some time. In addition to his teaching, coaching and stealing chickens, Ewart also instructed a Sunday school class and traveled over the county selling insurance. He was “well thought of.” Ewart confessed that he had been stealing chickens for the past three years and estimated that he had stolen and sold to produce dealers about $2,000 worth. MORGAN ON WAY OUT— REMOVAL OR SUSPENSION OF EVA CHIEF ALMOST CERTAIN WASHINGTON. Mar. 22— (AP) — lenge of the legality of such action. Presidential removal or suspension 1 After Morgan refused yesterday of Arthur E. Morgan as chairman to resign or retract chyges of dls-of the Tennessee Valley Authority honesty against his co-directors, became a virtual certainty today, President Roosevelt gave him until despite the veteran engineer’s chal- Precipitation Is Insufficient For Storing Water WASHINGTON. Mar. 22 - TPI — Edward Clark. Texas secretary of Gradual Trade Revival On Way Business Leaders Predict Recovery During Spring NEW YORK, March 22—(UPI— Secretary of Commerce Daniel F. Roper and nine “big business” spokesmen forecast today a gradual revival in trade but saw no prospects this spring for a "dynamic” recovery- They presented their views in a radio symposium on The Spring Outlook for Business.” All the business men agreed, with only minor reservations, with Roper s assertion I of the directors that "there is evidence of resistance Senator Bridges (R-NH), a TV A to further business and economic critic, said that lf Morgan were decline, indicating that the liquida- forced out, he would introduce a tion period has about subsided ” resolution to remove D Besides Roper those men spoke: . v*d p Lilienthal and H A Morgan Paul S. Willis, president of the As- Most observer* expected Morgan sedated Grocery Manufacturers of ; j? fight the presidents action America: Edwin S. Friendly. ehiar- °.Ygb th* ©oitfta. although he said * 'he had not determined his future 130 p rn. (Central Standard time) today to present “any reason” why he should not be ousted. The TV A head, however, left last night for his home at Yellow Springs. Ohio, without communicating further with the president. Mr. Roosevelt gave no advance indication of how he would proceed against Morgan. There was specu-1 distributed profits tax lation on Capitol Hill that he might | issue an executive order removing I the chairman and then nominate i his successor at once. Such a course observers pointed out, would force the senate to de-| clde whether to support the ouster I by confirming or rejecting the successor. “I think the sentiment of congress is in favor of an investigation," raid Senator Barkley of Kentucky. the democratic leader. Barkley declared that under the constitution the president has the power to remove the TV A head, appointed by Hr. Roosevelt five j*ears ago. Morgan's suporters. however, have contended the TV A act provides that only congress has remove any Undistributed Profits Tax Is Defended Retention Urged By U. S. Treasury Undersecretary WASHINGTON, March 22. (Jp)— Roswell Magill, undersecretary of the treasury, appealed to the senate finance committee today to retain the undistributed profits tax. He told the committee, in which a strong movement for repeal of the tax has been evident, “the treasury favors the retention of a tax upon undistributed corporate earnings as a means of equalizing the distribution of the total tax burden.” Under the tax revision bill passed by the house, Magill said, approximately 88 per cent of the 200 000 corporations which paid taxes in 1S36 would be exempt from the undistributed profits tax. The house bill exempts corporations with incomes of less than $25,000 and Magill declared the house also had attempted to prevent hardships upon corporations both by specified exemptions and by lower rates. The undersecretary urged restatement in the bill of the special un-on closely-held corporations which was drafted by the house ways and means committee, but was stricken on the floor of the house. He said the house ways and means committee’s plan was designed "as a safeguard” against deliberate tax avoidance. The undistributed profits tax. he continued, has been improved in the house bill to contain "some notable relief features for special cases.” "Corporations that are bankrupt. or that are insolvent and in receivership are exempt from the undistributed profits tax,” he said. “So too are all banks, insurance companies. mutual investment companies, rental housing corporations, China trade act corporations, and corporations doing business chiefly in possesisons of the United States.” Under questioning by committee members as to the revenue pros England, France Assuming Lead 'Speak Softly But Carry a Big Stick' Is Formula For Delaying Explosion By JOE ALEX MORRIS (United Press Staff Correspondent) Democratic governments worked against time today to underwrite a guarantee of the future peace of Europe. With the international war fever down a few degree!, Great Britain and France took the lead in drastic efforts to delay as long as possible the explosion of danger-packed Nazi-Fascist expansion in central I-—• Europe and the Mediterranean. In familiar American terms, their formula was to ‘ speak softly but carry a big stick.” Two developments emphasized the trend: First, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain summoned the British cabinet into emergency session in London to approve a new approach fn foreign policy, with emphasis on compromise and friendly relations with the dictatorial powers. Efforts were expected to speed friendly negotiations for a British treaty with Italy—a treaty that may weaken the partnership of Fascists and Nazis—and to encourage peaceful settlement of Germany's threat against Czechoslovakia and other middle European nations. Broadly, the object was to grant a part of the demands of the dictators and win in return promises that would lessen danger of a war explosion. Second, both Britain and France strained to increase the pace of rearmament to put force behind their diplomatic maneuvers. The French chamber of deputies considered a UH for a vast mobilization of military, industrial and financial resources in event of war. In this trend, the United States man of the bureau of advertising of the American Newspaper Publishers association: T. M. Girdler, president of the American Iron and Steel Institute:    Morris W. Haft, chairman of the advisory commission cf the cloak end suit industry; J. J. Peiley. president of The Association of American Railroads; course. vation for American peace is for    slate, denounced the Borah-OMa America to stay out of foreign con-    honey industrial licensing bill to- __    filets.    day as an "unjustifiable intrusion” Th,understorms over ^est Texas    "At the same time, however, it is    federal authority into    state    af- brcught rainfall last night and to-    essential that America shall keep    fairs. day varying from a sprinkle to more    herself so armed and prepared for    Asserting that Texans    "do    not than half an inch-    moisture enough    Ihp event of war that any attempt    bke t0 he regulated or controlled by    Axtell* J. Byles. president of    the in some vicinities    to aid thirsty    Rt invasion is foredoomed to failure    anyone." Clark urged a senate Judi-    American Petroleum Institute;    Dr. grain but insufficient to store water    Squyres akso outlined the national    fiar>' *ub-committee to    disapprove    John F. Anderson, president of the in lakes and tanks.    program of the V. F W. which in-    th* measure.    American Drug Manufacturers as-    , not    ^ removed u chaimian of th. Although numerous points shared    eludes: opposition of war referen-    ps enrolment. he    contended,    sociation. and Joseph M. Schenck,    1 in the moisture,    the rainfall was    durn, stress on education for peace.    would "plunge business into chaos;    president of The Association of    Mo- far from general    with wide skips    universal conscription of men and i cause a period of uncertainty which    tion Picture Producers of America. resources in case of war. comoen-    wil1 resuit Jr°m endless litigation; strike fear into the hearts and I?. /Pmovp pi rectors Da- pects of broadening the income tax base. Magill said that on the basts of 1937 business conditions a $70.-700.000 revenue gain would be realized if exemptions for married persons were cut from $2,500 to $2,000 and for single individuals from $1,000 to $800. After Magill's testimony, the committee closed public hearings. Members will begin revising the house tax revision bill In executive sessions starting Tnursday. Chairman Harrison (D-Miss) of the committee said he hoped the bill could be reported Saturday. Two Hapsburgs Are Arrested Former Friend Of Kaiser Wilhelm Also Detained VIENNA, March 22—(UP)—Duke Maximilian and Duke Ernest of Hohenberg. sons of the assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand, whose death led to the World war, were arrested today. Both dukes are prominent in the monarchist movement. Other members of the Hapsburg family were not arrested. Other monarchists arrested included Prince Maximilian Egon Fuerstenberg, 73. close friend of former Kaiser Wilhelm and one of the foremost noblemen in Germany and Austria. He has large estatei and castles in both countries. Authorities believed that Fuehrer Adolf Hitler would decide tho fate of Prince Fuerstenberg. He was quartered in a police station cell with three other monarchists. His wife was permitted to bring him food. 'officials ordered everyone was a distant but not unharmon-*,n Austria ti turn > . to the auto us factor.    thames    all    firearms    such    as    ma chine guns, rifles, pistols, hand grenades and munitions by Friday. Possession of such articles after that time will result in severe penalties for the owners. Newly inaugurated nazi authorities decided to give non-nazis various posts in leaser divisions of the Austrian government in a campaign Morgan Announces Defy Of President With President Roosevelt’* billion-dollar naval expansion bill approved by the house, the military experts of the United States were summoned to meet in Washington next week to work out plans for mobilization of up to 2,000,000 fighting men in event of war. The brunt of stabilizing Europ-    _____ ean war threats rested for toe t0 win over Austrian friends before moment on Britain's effort to crack national plebiscite on April IO. the Berlin-Rome axis—the diplo-    Th* latest    list    cf    those    arrested matlc name for a close working    included    the    chiefs    of the leftist agreement between German Chan- semi-military organizations, Gen. eellor Adolf Hitler and Italian    Theodor    Koerner    and Maj.    Alexan- Premler Benito Mussolini by which | der Eifler. formerly of the army. YELLOW SPRINGS. O . Mar. 22 —AF*1- Arthur E Morgan announced today his flat refusal to meet President Roosevelt's request that he give “any reason" why he should between .showers over the area Abilene's rainfall was .33 inch during the early morning, with clouds rolling over later in the day to offer some promise of more. HAIL AT SNYDER Snyder northwestward reported .64 inch of rain, and hail. In Snyder, the hail lasted only a quarter hour and did little carnage, but northwest from there it was heavier and lasted for nearly 45 minutes. The Scurry county rain extended. northwest and southeast from Snyder, with Borden county reporting no moisture. However, all that area is jubilant over season for grain produced by earlier rainfall. The airport weather bureau report-cd Abilene as the only spot at 9 a.!: . intervene to protect the confide RAIN, Page 9. Col. 6 Shanghai Sector Under Martial Law SHANGHAI, March 22. H P) —Martial law was declared In the Hongkew area of Shanghai tonight and the Soot how creek bridges ware cloard after Muni-miehi Igai, 51, a Japanese army interpreter, was killed. Japanese as well as foreigners were barred from areas north of Soochow creek. A Japanese soldier attempting to stop a British citizen in a irntor car fired several shots in the air. One report leaking out from the closed area said that Igai had shot himself. sation for all disabled veterans, See VETERANS, Page 9. Co!. I False Advertising Bill Is Signed WASHINGTON, Mar. 22—    _ President Roosevelt signed today    Wlth    federal    trade    practice    regula- legislation giving the federal trade    tion    as    a    condition    of    doing    busi- commission jurisdiction over the —_ ______ control of false advertising of food, drugs, cosmetics and devices. The measure also increases the commission’s power by permitting -    ,    duction is being reflected in the au- minds of those engaged in produc- tomotive and textile industries and tion. mining manufacturing and all ln industries affected bv the mo-other tocaI business: and retard re- mcntum in the housing 'field; that ptoyment”    m(?n    °Ut    *m’    <:ommcdlty Prices ar«‘ showing i The measure would require most corpora tic na engaged in interstate commerce and some others to obtain federal licenses and comply Tennessee Valley Authority. “I have no further statement to t „ , .make, other than what I told the Roper said That accelerated pro- president yesterday.” Morgan said following his return to hi* Yellow Springs home. President Roosevelt had given Morgan until 1:30 p. rn. today to provide “any reason.” , There were indications in Washington that if President Roosevelt firmer tone, and that credit labor relations are improving. a and King, Stonewall Paving Promised Spain's Insurgents Claim New Victory HENDAYE, France, At The Spanish Frontier, March 22. (/P—The Spanish insurgents today reported they had driven government troops from five barricaded trench lines at Valdealgorfo, in Berea hand-to-hand conflict. Resuming their drive toward Cat- they hope to further their ambitions for territorial and political expansion, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain has sought to weaken the ties between the Nazi-Fascist powers by cooperating with them separately to achieve a peaceful settlement of their demands. Thus, it was believed in London that the treaty negotiations would quickly achieve an agreement by which Britain w'ould Italy's seizure of Ethiopia. and the former socialist leaders of Vienna. ex-Mayor Karl Seitz and ex-Chancellor Karl Renne. French Cabinet Asks For Armament Funds PARIS. Mar. 22— J1'—The cabi- issue an executive order to remove the chairman. Morgan declined comment on what steps he would take in such *n event He said he planned to inclusion in the next road pro- go to Chicago tomorrow and that gram of th* topping of Highway his other plans were uncertain. 4 in King and Stonewall counties The chairman, storm center of a wa-s promised a group of West Tex- controversy involving the TVA. as men who appeared before the came here to obtain some old rec-Tcxa.s Highway commission in Aus- ords. apparently for use in his con oid not hear from Morgan he might i alani* and the Mediterranean coast, the insurgents launched a smashing attack in the sector IO miles southeast of Alcantz and about 35 miles from the sea. Government troops suffered 2 000 Senate Argues Reorganization WASHINGTON. March 22 casualties in a futile effort to stop the offensive, said insurgent dispatches which reported capture of 300 machine-guns. In the Huesca sector. 70 miles sumer against unfair and deceptive net f°daV callod for an advance of Monday. The work on the road, troversy with his co-directors, Da- I northwest of Caspe. another insureds in commerce    francs    ($152,500,000)    which    recently    was    put    under    the    vid    E.    Lilienthal    and    H.    A.    Morgan.    *ent    force    broke through govern - The new law defines false adver- from the Bank of France for arm- federal ald road program, will pro tising as any which is misleading in ament Purposes while the chamber bably become effective next year, any material respect, either bv deputies debated what a member Included in the group w’hich ap-statements. or suggestions that a called thp danger of "swift, implac- Feared before the commission product will accomplish certain ablr war” wased by Germany. were W C. Russell, president of things, or through failure to dis- Thp ministers approved the propo- the Hamlin chamber of commerce; close any material fact bearing on sal of Premier Lron Blum tor the Bowen Pope, editor of the Hamlin the claims made for a product bank Rd\ance. which Blum will ex- Herald; Judge Roy Anderson of —------------ Plain tomorrow before the cham- ‘   ber's finance committee Parliament's approval then will be asked. Debate in the chamber was devoted largely to Europe's war dan- The Weather Aspermont. Commissioner M. L. DooI of Aspermont; Judge G. K. Witeman of Gu’hrie, Commissioner V. L. Morris of Guthrie. Judge L. D Gibson of Paducah, and T. N. lo cloudy and cooler. partly cloudy gcrs and France's preparations to I Carswell, secretary manager of the meet them.    Abilene chamber of commerce. Dollfuss Family In Switzerland BRANNEN, Switzerland. March 22. (UP)—The widow and two children of the late Austrian chancellor, Engelbret Dollfuss. arrived here by automobile from Lugano last night. The family is living at. a hotel and the children were expected to attend one of the private Catholic schools nearby. ment lines and stormed the village of Lierta. in an attack designed to eliminate the salient west of Huesca. Earth Shocks Felt NEW ORLEANS. March 22. (UP) —An earthquake of moderate intensity "several thousand miles off the Pacific coast.” r. .is registered today on the Lovo.d universiy seismograph. Faher O. L. Abell, observer, reported. He said the first shock was noticed at 9:40 a. rn. Roosevelt Going To Warm Springs WASHINGTON, March 22.—(AP)— President Roosevelt will leave by special train tonight for a ten-day visit to Warm Springs. Ga. On the way, he will stop at Gainesville, Ga., tomorrow morning for a brief address at the dedication of Roosevelt Square. This is a section which the federal government he Vert rebuild after a tornado nearly destroyed the town in 1936. ■ T'^mppratur* n^ar freninc in    '    li^,t    fro-''t    ln    **Poaed    Darn day faTr    *K)rt,on    tonlRht: Wtdnes- Fait r««.K *'lrmcr in PonhanJle Cloudy, showers In «aat and Kouth. cooler In northwest and north cen- i cloudy To cf , H0n‘p,V : "'"iritsdav nartlv I D '.jL t0 Cloudy, rho wert on coast and ann ® northeast portion, cinder In nom sod west central potions    nom ^lightest temperlturc yesterday .    sr Lowest tcmperttute this morning    st 1 drinkers not allowed— LAW FORBIDS CONSUMING LIQUOR, BEER INSTATE PARKS Brazil Bans German Nazi Activities RIO DE JANERIO. March 22—./P> Efforts by the German government to regain free nazi cultural recognize activity for Germans in Brazil ran Into a blind alley today. It wa-a ascertained et'the foreign office, that Foreign Minister Os-waldo Aranha has rejected flatly the latest series of representations against Biazil s ban on nazi activities. Carl Ritter, the German ambassador, acted for his government. It wes said reliably that the foreign minister considered a note submitted by Ritter to be couched in , J    SUCh strong language that he re- Administration leaders beat off to- ) jected it without further considera-dav the first move in the senate to tion_ exempt a specific federal agency I   _ from the executive reorganization bill. They defeated, 50 to 33, a proposal by Senator Pittman iD-Nev) to prevent presidential transfer of the forest service from the agriculture to the Interior department. One administration supporter, Senator Hatch (D-NM) Joined the opposition for the first time in advocating the Pittman amendment, tut announced that he would oppose further exemptions. Senator Clark iD-W.vo) Immediately offered an amendment to exempt the veterans bureau from terms of the biU. Senator Johnson (R-Cailf), in supporting Pittman's proposal, read into the senate record a telegram from President William Green of the American Federation of Labor opposing the enactment of the bill, urging that the bill be sent back to committee for further hearings. Green's proposal would probably mean shelving of the bill for the session. What Is Your news I. a? Persons who insLst on Honor nr mm AMI brmglng! , pprsons w h0 do bring intoxicat-! control officers are keeping a rigid times and places and in accordance pal, Will probably find themselves    “    «'h. in trouble.    |    iy ta)ci„g a'chance on "get ring‘im o ParK' as    45    0tberS    over    the    and ^ministered bv the local rep ro That is the warning from Jimmi? trouble, if th?v want to throw a stale- state and county officers a1- resentative of the park. ®9 Bates, park keeper, who has receiv- ‘liquor party’ they are going to 53 keep *n eye on the parks, assist- PARK SPEED LIMIT S ! SwsoirU^mivefr°s?ret^Sifto? the Sit6 L° .s0rne,0therJ P^-the tog in'the enforcement’of the rules, I No vehicles shall be permitted to So Texas sta*e narks hoard to that    .V16    Plan^ed    as    whole-    The    Abilene    state    park    keeper    a1-; travel through the state parks or 37 all ftoes govemlng^tate na?ks ^    SP°    clted    rulpa    *hich    P^k    upon any of the state park roads at ** oo,. i i »o\emmg slate parks a.e women and children and the state Is regulated:    a speed in excess of 2ft mile* rv»- 59 carried out. He cited this rule in board is doing its best to keep them ~    ....... a 5peed m excYSS 01 20 mliM Dry thermometer Wet thermometer Relative humidity Relative humidity fit) particular: No intoxicating liquors or beverages may be brought into. sold or ronsumed within state park limits. Bates himself is a state’commissioned officer, on duty at all times ( a speed in excess of 20 miles . ..    ,    .    , No hunting shall be allowed on hour, which 20 miles speed limit free Ob liquor and beet. Certainly,    any state park in Texas,    and there    shall    be applied to all parks. to permit intoxicants to be brought    shall be no shooting or    killing of    No    wild flowers, trees or shrubs into the parks would take    from    birds, animals or game    of any sort    shah bs picked, cut,    broken    or    oth- thvir value as play places for    resi-    within the state parks    during any    erwlsc mutUated. i Mrvn?IirD*    season of the year.    No    gambling or lottery devices t .. i alert    No fishing shall be    allowed in    may be exhibited    or    operated    within addition to the keeper, liquor    slate parks except at specified j in state parks. « a 0 ® Lithuanian City In State Of Siege KAUNAS, Lithuania, Mar. 22 (UP)—The military commander cf Kaunas issued regulations today equivilant to a state of siege. The regulations were motivated by “the seriousness of the situation, which requires absolute quiet.” They impose a 9 p. rn. curfew and provide high fines or imprisonment for violations. Resistance will be pun-ished by court martial. Each question counts 20; each part of a two-part question. IO. A score of 60 is fair. 80. good. Answers on page 3. 1. Who is this woman, wife of a prominant American living in England? How many children has she? 2. Many Austrians favored the principle of union of Austria and Germany but opposed union so long as Hitler was leader. True or false? 3. Is the newest U. S. trade pact with (a) Czechoslovakia, <b) Great Britain, or ic) Switzerland? 4. What salaries did the house of representatives say should be made public? 5. What plan will be used in putting presidential portraits on the new postage issue? ;