Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 21, 1954, Abilene, Texas
VOL. LXXIII, No. 278
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY~MQRNING, MARCH 21, 1954—FIFTY-TWO PAGES IN FIVE SECTIONS
price daily 5c. SUNDAY lOc
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DEBRIS MARKS SCENE OF FATAL CRASH—A tail boom, center, is the largest single piece of wreckage remaining of a twin-engined C-119 Air Force transport which crashed in farmland 19 miles south of Annapolis, Md. Eighteen occupants of the plane were killed. In background are trunks of two trees shattej*ed in the crash^^_
Divert Missouri Waters To Westex, Mahon Asks
By ELIZABETH CARPENTER Reporter-News Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON. March 20 — A bold proposal to divert the waters of the Missouri River basin, at some point in Kansas, and channel them southward to the Texas South Plains area for irrigation and city water supplies will be proposed Monday by Rep. George Mahon of Colorado City.
Mahon will introduce a bill in the House of Representatives authorizing appropriation of $8,500,-000 to «tudy such a scheme.
Just how to get the water from Kansas, where it it not needed, south to the Texas Plains, where it is desperately needed, is one )f the answers the survey would seek. Mahon said it is probable that a canal would be dug. using river beds along the way when posi-gible.
He said the proposal is not original with him but that the people of the western plains have been dreaming for years of the time when surplus waters of other areas could be made available to the high plains for irrigation and
growth or maintain over the long puil our present economy.” he said.
The Missouri River’s headwaters are in Canada. Several dams have been erected in the Dakotas to try to curb the frequent destructive floods as the stream wends its way through Kansas, across the state of Missouri, and empties into the Mississippi River.
‘‘But even the new dams do not stop the flooding and there is a vast oversupply of water there which we could use for irrigation farming on the South Plains,” Mahon said.
He believes the MLssouri River is the ‘‘best bet” for future water supplies in West Texas, since the
Canadian River is already tabbed to utilize its waters in the already approved $90,000,000 Canadian Dam project.
Mahon said the waters of the Canadian are so limited they will supply ‘‘only a small fragment of the answer to our water needs.”
He does not expect the project to get underway ‘‘overnight” but believes it is time people start talking and thinking in terms such as his bill outlines, and that the government take steps to see if such a project is feasible.
In the event a public works program is ever needed, Mahon said, this type of river development lends itself well for such uses.
TUNA SALES DROP
Atom Tests Danger Zone Is Tripled
U.S. Reveals New Horror Type Weapon
DENVER. March 20 A new weapon in the horror cla.ss with atom and hydrogen bombs Is being made and stored at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal near Denver.
Lt. Col. S. .1. Efnor. deputy commanding officer at the arsenal, confirmed today that deadly GB gas, which can cause death in 30 seconds, is made behind the arsenal's windowless wall.s.
It is knowm that Russia has the gas, first developed by Hitler’s Nazi scientists. The Red army took the German plant in its push across the German-Polish border in World War II.
Surrounded by elaborate safety precautfons. the workers at the arsenal turn out the deadly chemicals in liquid form, packed in finished munitions casing ready for use.
Officials at the plant have stressed the safety precautions and say there is no need for Colorado residents to fear the gas.
In gas form, the killer can’t be seen, tasted or smelled. Its presence in an attack could go undiscovered unless a droplet spattered on a victim in liquid form.
Production of the killing gas first was disclosed last night by the Rocky Mountain News, Denver morning newspaper; and further details oamc today from the Denver Post.
‘‘Potential military value of GB gas.’’ the Post said, *‘ls greater, in some respeets, than even the atomic weapons.
‘‘Using it under the most favorable wind, weather and saturation conditions, an invader can wipe out life in a city and take it over intact—its industries. utilities, transportation and power plants ready to be used again in a few’ hours, instead of being ruined and radioactive.”
The gas was described as so deadly it could leave its victim practically helpless after one breath.
Rabbits and canaries along with intricate electrical equipment are used in the plant as safety precautions. The caged rabbits and birds are placed in spots where they w’ould react quickly in case of an unexpected leakage of gas.
Chemists say there is an antidote—atrophine. a chemical derived from a plant grown in countries behind the Iron Curtain. American chemists have learned to produce the substance synthetically for use through hypodermic injections.
Joe Asked to Step Off Probe Panel
New Probe Report Ready
ine lililí jjiaiji.-» iui Í*»tf-.u,...... TOKYO, Sunday, 5larch 21 '.^*1— to be radioactis'e although not dan-
industiial and municipal develop- United States, surprised by¡gerously .so,
**—* the devastating power of the hy-i Some of the Lucky Dragon catch
drogen blast March 1, has more had to be pulled off the market than tripled the rfanger zone for I and buried as likely to cause tu-tests in mid-Pacific. .Japan's Diet niors if eaten, was informed yesterday. ■ Dr. John Morton, director of the
Japanese ships were told to stay: U. S. atomic bomb casualty com-
out of an area with a radius of mission at Hiroshima, yesterday 4.50 miles during future tests in the Marshall Islands area. The previous barred-off one w’as roughly 150 miles north-south by 200 east-
i “A few of them here (at Y’aizu) Foreign Minister KatsuoO^^^ more serious cases than the
told the Diet that the gi^ ^ . patients in Tokyo,” he said,
larged "as set , “I can’t say yet how long it will
handed to the Japanese ' take for them to be cured but I
dor in Washington. think all the patients should be
The United States acted after 23 (gken to Tokyo for treatment.”
Japanese fishermen went to bos- — - — ----
pitals’with radioactive burns suffered by a shower of ashes. The fishermen insisted that their boaV,
‘‘I hav’e concluded there is a strong probability that such a project is entirely feasible and I am launching a campaign to see what can be done about it,” Mahon said.
Already, the Bureau of Reclamation, which would conduct such a study, is interested. It has a similar study underway in an effort to tap the ovcrsupply of w'a-ter in the Pacific Northwest for the desert areas of California.
Although a program of crossing states to bring water hundreds of miles to arid areas is still unusual. Mahon believes that in future years it will be a common practice.
■•It is, indeed, the only way to meet the essential requirements of
Rhee May Be Made Lifetime President'
SEOUL (.fi — A movement to
examined 21 of the Lucky Dragon crewmen at Y’aiu port. He recommended their transfer to the Tokyo hospital where the other two are under treatment.
South Korea Takes Dim View of Meet
SEOUL. Sunday. March 21 (fi— South Korea still took a dim view today of the Geneva conference in April on Korean unification. But a high source hinted the republic was more likely to attend after reportedly getting U.S. assurance that no decision would be rammed down its throat.
The source said a ‘‘highly secret” note from U.S. Secretary of State Dulles gave a flat ‘‘no” to a question from Foreign Minister Pyun Yung Tai as to whether South Korea would be bound by the outcome If this was not to its liking.
, OKLAHOMA CITY. March 20 iJ’ —Sen. McCarthy (R-\Vis) said tonight he has been working for months on a report ‘‘on the aims of the Communist party to infiltrate and control every media of information, such as radio. new.s-papers and television.”
He said the report he has been “painstakingly preparing” would go into “the extent to which they have succeeded and how some politicians arc in mortal fear of and therefore to some extent guided by them."
In notes prepared for an address here tonight before a dinner sponsored liy the State Republican Central Committee. McCarthy said the report was an “Individual project” and not a project of the Senate Investigations subcommittee which ho heads,
“Some chameleon politician.s of both parties make the grave mistake of thinking that the left wing elements of radio, television and press along the Potomac represent .America,” he said, adding: “Clever Communists would attempt to use the fellow travelers, deluded egghead liberals, and fair weather ’ or weathervane politicians to cut down the power of committees to dig out Communists.”
The senator also urged the American people tonight to get copies of the subcommittee’s forthcoming probe of his row with the Anriy and offered to foot the bill himself it demand exceeds the committee’s limited supply.
He said he wanted the people to read the testimony so that they could determine for themselves that his fight is not against the Army but “against those who would destroy the Army.”
He renewed the demand he made in a speech in Milwaukee last night that Adlai .Stevenson plead either “guilty or not guilty^ to a 20-count indictment which he made against the Democratic party.
McCarthy said Stevenson's “no comment” to his speech “won’t satisfy the millions of loyal Democrats and Republicans.”
At the time McCarthy was working on tonight’.s speech he was not aware that Stevenson had added, “I will not stoop to the senator's level.”
DANNY AND HIS IKU;—Danny Pratt, lost in the woods near his home for eight hours, poses with his dog, Corsky, after he returned home in Palmyra, 111., from the hospital. When a party of searchers found the youngster he was bruised under his left eye and soaked by rain, but his year-old collie was lying on top of him, trying to keep him warm and dry. Danny was taken to the hospital at nearby Carlinville, 111., but returned home after an examination revealed no serious injuries. _ _____
Homes for Baptist Delegates Needed
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the lAicky Dragon, wa? outside the
Wiley Warns Reds Capable Of Taking Big Toll on U.S.
specified 150-by-200 one and miles from the blast’.s center.
U. S. officials also w ere prompt-,
cvniTT 1« — ^ movemem xo en to enlarge the danger zone aft-i
WASHINGTON. March 20 ^
m klnrtoday. ¡~ .00 miles away
National Assembly sources said aiicciea. fur-i "rack up a terrible toll on our
about 20 assembly men had already Japanese fishing boaU ^^e i country” and there is ‘‘little con-
• greed to support a constitutional in our powers of retali
amendment giving Rhee a lifetime »-''tv nraonn returned home wiin ..
Lrky“D7a^rr™ hom »or powers o, re.ali-
catches of tuna which were found ^jentioning the controversy over
A. L. Whipkey, Dies
COLORADO CITY. March 20. m'SS) — A. L. (Uncle Abe) Whip-key, 88. pioneer Texas newspaperman, died at his home here at 5 a.m. Friday.
Hi.s death culminated a colortul. S5-vear newspaper carc«*r that had •panned two states and lett its Imprint in half a dozen Texas towns.
l/ong - time publisher of the Colorado City Record, he was followed into the newspaper business by his son. Bob Whipkey. who is publisher of the Big Spring Herald.
At least twice during his lengthy newspaper career Mr. Whipkey had worked for the Abilene Reporter-News.
Mr. Whipkey first took up his printer’s rule in Murphysboro, TIL, his birthplace, when he was 10. The first year he worked for nothing as an apprentice. The second and third for hla “bo«rd and kt«p.” And when he became a journeyman printer, at the age of 13, he came to Texas where his older brother, Fred B. Whipkey, had already come, and where another brother. S. E. Whipkey was Mttor of tha Hillsboro Baptist Gkurch-
the “massive retaliation” program outlined by Secretary of State Dulles. Wiley .said he was not going to attempt to .spell out its effects.
But the Wisconsin Senator, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said in a speech prepared for the Military Government Assn.. that America cannot
I. S. WtPARTMFNT OF fOMMtRCf WFATIIFR Bl’RFAV ABIiXNE AND VICINITY Coinlder-»ble clouUlnfk» Suna»y and Monday and contlnufd mild both day« High temperature Sunday and Monday near 70 da-aree* Low Sunday night 45 to 50 NORTH CENTRAI, TEXAS: .Moatly
cloudy, acattered light rain In west portion late Sunday or Monday, a little warmer Sunday and Monday.
WFST TEXAS: Mostly cloudy, acatter-ed light rain Irom Peco* Valley eaat-ward, a little mariner In Panhandle and South Plaltii. Sunday. Monday, partly cloudy and warmer
Ti:.MI*FllAll RKS Sal A M. P
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- 50 ........... »30 ............ 5»
«3 ........... 10 30 ............
A. L. (UNCLE ABE) WHIPKEY ” \\Z ' ' "
. . . career close» at 88 High and lo* temparaturea for 94 hour«
ended at « SO pm • 07 and 44 Mr. Whipkey first worked on the | Hlah and low t^en^raturea «ama data
Hillsboro Mirror, then on the Cp**-,‘‘JJ.*e"la.? nijht « so p m. aunru. ter slcana Courier, going to the Dallaa g 43 » m sunaet toniidt* • si p •"
Barometar raadlng at • 30 p.». SOU.
Set WHIPKEY, Pg. 2-A, Col. S
ItalaUvt bumtdlty a» 1.30 pB*. 4SI».
afford ‘‘smugness and self-satisfaction” because its scientists have perfected the hydrogen bomb.
“Of course.” he said, "we feel somewhat more .secure, knowing that we are proceeding, all-out as we must, in order to equip ourselves with the most vital means of offense and defense.”
‘‘But we know full well that the Soviet Union is doing likewise. It is concentrating the energies of its slave empire on this highest priority task. Its scientific progress in weapons of destruction Is proceeding, apparently at an accelerating pace,”
Wiley said that the highest sort of leadership is needed now to avoid war and to attempt to bring world peace.
He praised Ihe leadership of President Ei.senho\ver and Dulle.s while saying that the problems involved in the ‘‘massive retaliation” theory arc ‘‘inevitable but by no means insuperable.”
Dulles told the Foreign Relations Committee yesterday that selectivity—in terms of time, place and weapons—is the key to the program built around a strengthened air force and the use of new weapons.
The secretary ot state said the United States retains the choice of how it ’vlll fight back against small or large Communist aggression and where it wdll do it.
Heavy Police Guord Meet’S Sen. Lehman
NEW YORK — Sen. Herbert H. l^ehman (D. Llberal-NY) was met by a heavy police guard when he arrived here by train from Washington Friday night.
Police have been taking such security measures since warnings that Puerto Rican Nationalists planned assssslnation of “important peoplf" In the clt>'.
Parr's Trial Sel for Monday
ALICE, March 20 of» — Unless there i.s another postponement, George B. Parr will go on trial here Monday on charges of illegal pistol toting.
The trial originally was .scheduled for March 15 but Defen.se Atty. Ed Lloyd won the week's postponement on grounds he was tied up with a civil damage suit.
The South Texas political boss already has pleaded innocent. He claims he was carrying binoculars, not a pistol, while observing a meeting of the opposition Freedom Party in San Diego last Jan. 16.
Manuel Marroquln, an ex-tortilla maker and Freedom Party member. claims Parr threatened him when he found the .52-year-old “Duke of Duval” parked near the meeting place. The incident occurred just on the Jim Wells county side of the Jim Wells-Duval county line,
Parr will he tried In county court before County Judge Wash Storm Jr.
Monday is the big day for Abilene Baptists.
The Texas Baptist Sunday .School convention finally will come Into bpinR ftftcr ttionlhs of plonninR by the host churched. ,
All meetings hut one will be m the First Hapti.st Church’.s new million-dollar auditorium, finished a month ago.
Major problem of the 1.5 churches here belonging to the Baptist General Convention is finding a place to house the visitors. .Miout 5.0(H) deleg.ates are expected to at-
Hotels and tourist court.s will be brimming over with 1,000 of the 2,000 out-of-town guest.s who may stay overnight.
500 Homes Needed Churches are urging families who would be willing to have a delegate in their home to offer their assistance .loe H. Rucker, educational director of the South Side Baptist Church and general fliairman for preliminary planning for the convention, said that at least 500 homes will be nceiied.
Some of the visitors will come from near-by towns and won’t stay in .\bllene for the night, he stated.
By Friday. 1.400 persons had preregistered from District 17 alone, which includes .Abilene and vicinity.
Speakers well known in the general convention knd in the stale conference are to begin arrlvinig Sunday.
Tuesday Big Day
Tuesday will be the convention’s biggest day, Rucker believed. l>e-cause many Baptists can come for one day ami get half of the convention at one swing.
Opening ses.sion Is at I SO p. in. Monday; closing convocation Is at noon Wednesday.
Transportation w’on’t be provid
ed because most of the visitors are expected to come by private car. Also, those who stay In downtown hotels won’t need franspcr tatlon to get to the church, which is near the business district.
courtesy committee headed by the Rev. Sidney Cox of Immanuel Baptist Church will see that conventioneers are comfortably situated in homes, hotels, motels, and will providle gifts of fruit for the Baptists.
To accommotlate the huge number of cars expected, parking lots have been secured near the church to handle the Baptist vehicles.
As delegates register, they’ll be given mimeographed sheets with listings of cafes and restaurants.
Saa BAPTIST, Pg. 2-A, Col. 3
Disattar Scrapbook . .
History of Abilana .
Pianaar Watt Taxont^
Book Pago . .
Wintars Homes . ■ .
Church nawt .....
Radia & TV .....
. ... . 10
Stamford Man, 24 Flees Albany Jail
ALBANY. March 20 — A 24-year-old Stamford man, held on a charge of swindling by worthless check, escaped about 7:45 pm. Saturday from the Shackelford County jail here.
! The escapee. Robert Wayne Jones, gained freedom by riding a dumbwaiter from the jail’s second story run-around to a kitchen in the sheriff’s quarters on the ground floor. Sheriff Jack Moberly i said.
The Stamford man was believed j to have fled in a grey, 1954 Dodge, the sheriff said.
Sheriff Moberly said he and his family were not In their quarters, : at the jail when the man made hia escape.
Road Block Erected
West Central Texas law en-i forcement officers, working thrjugh the Texas Highwty Patrol, Urew
up road blocks arouud the Albany area Saturday night.
Center of the search was at Stam-f(»id where the fugitive’' car was = believed to have been sighted. : Sheriff Moberly said he was in ; dow ntow n Albany when Jones made the break. He said he was Informed of the escape by a citizen who lives about three blocks from the jail. The resident had been notified by a ’ little kid” who ran Into his house and told him he had seen; the escapee running down the alley j behind the jail. j
Moberly said Jones bad not been, confined to a cell in the Jail, but had been given freedom of the run-ardund.
Brought From Phoenix The sheriff ssld Jones was brought to Albany Thursday from Phoenix., ArU., where he (Jones) had been flvea a three year pro
bated prison sentence for swrindle by worthless check. Jones is also wanted on a check swindling charge at Aztec, N. M . Moberly said.
The check swindwUng charge against Jones here would have been investigated by the 42d District Court grand jury which is to convene Monday, the sheriff said.
He said Jones, since he had been confined to the Albany Jail, had been attempting to pay off the worthless checln he is cjiarged with passing In Shackelford County and in New Mexico.
“That’s the reason I left him In the run-around.” Moberly said. “The boy hai a good peraonality. He aeemed anxious to get all this behind him,”
“But if I get him bsek he'U have a private room without a bath.'*
WA.SHiNGTON. March 20 ‘iP — Sen. Symington (D-Mo) suggested tonight that Sen. McCarthy (R-Wls) step off his investigations subcommittee temporarily, or let some other group determine the “questions of veraeliy” between McCarthy and the Army.
“The good name of the Senate is involved,” Symington said
Symington, one of three Democrats on McCarthy’-s subrommit-tee, said that if the Wisconsin senator and his three Republican colleagues insist that McCarthy appear in the ‘‘triple role of accusing W'itness, prosecutor and Judge.” then be will ask the Armed Services Committee to take over.
Symington's proposal apiteared to take Sen. Mundt (R-SD) by surprise.
“I hate not talked to Joe aiiout this." Mundt said, meaning McCarthy.
Mundt Is acting t hairman of the subcommittee In McCarthy’s absence on a speaking trip McCarthy has agreed that Mundt take over the chairmanship while the group is conducting its proposed investigation of conflicMng charges exchanged between McCarthy and his staff on the one hand and Secretary of the Army Stevens and his aides on the other.
Previous suggestions that the investigation be transferred to soma other Senate committee, however, have met firm resistance by McCarthy, who insists that his subcommittee will take care ol its , own affairs,
' Mundt spent part of the day in a mysteriou-s quest for a special i couiisBi to direct the subcommittee's projected probe of its own chairman and his differences with officials of the Army Department.
Director Not Named
Mundt and .Sen. McClellan of Arkansas, senior Democrat on the subcommittee, .settled on a “nationally prominent attorney.” not otherwise identified, who apparently war taken aghast at the idea but who promised to think it over.
Mundt said he and McClellan telephoned this lawyer and his initial reaction was as follows:
This Is a terrible thing to hap-en to me. Don’t bother me wdth this.”
But after half an hour of impressing upon him “the need for a highly respected and qualified counsel,” and the “duties of public service,” Mundt said the lawyer agreed to consult with his partners and let them know before next Tuesday, when the subcommittee Is due to meet.
“We said we would give him the right to pick his own staff, fix the ground rules and stage what we hope will be a model for congressional investigating procedure.” Mundt said, adding;
“The public will accept him, if he agrees, as a man of outstanding ability and complete Impartiality”
“I don’t know whether je is a Republican or a Democrat,” Mundt said further.
Mundt said he and McClelian had narrowed a list of possibilities down to three, “including this man.”
“We won’t contact the other two until we hear from the man we callfHl.” he said.
“We told him we hoped to wind this up In two or three weeks but it would take all of his time.’’
Mundt said that in a sense the whole investigations subcommittea “is on trial” before the nation in ordering a study of charges and ccHintercharges made by its own chairman and Army officials. H# explained that the jHihllc “has a right to expect us to he completely fair and objective ” in getting at the facts.
90 Attorneys Suggested
The acting chairman said the namei of more than 90 attorneys, many of them prominent, had been suggested for the Job of directing the Inqulrj'. Several federal jutlges were considered but apparently abandoned when the subcommittee was advised that the judiciary “frowns upon” the use of active federal jurists for such an assignment.
Mundt declined to identify the top choice, other than to say he was a lawyer living outside of Washington and was not In government service. If he declines the job, Mundt said his name will not be announced.
In an official report, the Army has accused McCarthy and somo members of the subcommittee staff of usinf Improper pre.ssure in efforts to win special favors tor Pvt. G. David Schine, wealthy New York drafteo and former sub-committeo aide.
McCarthy baa counterchargtd that Secrotar/ of the Army Stevens and John G. Adama, asaltt-ant counsel to the Am^. sought to use the drafting ol ^htne in a “blackmail** seherao to block (be subcommittee’s laveatlfatloii of Reds la tho Army»