Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 21, 1944, Abilene, Texas
4 RED CROSS WAR FUND CAMPAIGN BOX SCORE County quota $69,000.00
Contributions Monday $1,094.40 Contributions to date $53,519.65
Che Ailette Reporter -Betes! evemimb
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR I-OLS WE SKI WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES -Bu,rn
VOL. LXIII, NO. 279
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 21, 1944 -TEN PAGES
Associated Pr^ss (AP) United Press fU.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS
Allied Submarines, Bombers Blast 27 More Jap Vessels to Bottom
Nazis Fall Back, Set;
Up Rule in Hungary
AMPUTATED OWN LEG—Capt. H. M. Vines of Birmingham, Ala., had both legs shattered by artillery fire in action near Cassino. After heing hit, he noticed his left leg hanging •M> by a few leaders. He borrowed a saber from a sergeant and “whacked it off.” Capt. Vines is resting at McCloskey General Hospital at Temple. (AP Wirephoto). _
Hotel Lost in
Bp LYNN HEINZERLING WITH THE FIFTH "ARMY AT CASSINO. March 21—< Ti—German troops fought their way back into the wrecked Continental hotel today, rfc cmv defenses in the southwestern part of Cassino and in th* hills “lunet .stiffened as Lr -Oen. Richard Heidrich, commander of til- first German parachute troop division, tried to make good his boast that he
would throw the Allies out of Cassino. .... # , .
New balander*; in* »edir**%,'v w«ni^»ick to thrir "Id task of to knock (he Germa* . oui of the Continental.
German troops apparently moved back into the hotel in the dark-
of early morning, and brought in more reinforcements to block passage through the southers-
Red Cross Drive Stalls at 153,519
By the Associated Press
The singing of at least 27 Japanese ships was announced today by Allied headquarters—22 of them by submarines—as indications mounted that one of Japan's by-1 passed fortresses in the Marshall islands was about ready for the final assault.
American submarines accounted for 15 ships in Pacific and Far Fast waters, the navy announced, bringing to 642 the number of Japanese vessels sunk or damaged by undersea craft.
Included in the American submarines’ toil were two transports. two tankers, and ll freighters Seven ships were sunk ancf three damaged by submarines off islands in the Dutch East Indies, the British Admiralty said A large river steamer, a smaller vessel of undcs-ignated type and a supply ship were the only victims specified.
A five-ship convoy, including two transports and three corvettes.
See page 2 for more on Pacific war.
Finns Turn Down Red Peace Terms
Soviet Troops Roll Forward In Bessarabia
Fighting Scattered As Nazis Muscle In
through Bessarabia to within 35 miles of the Rumanian frontier today and tho gov-
tern corner of the town.
The Germans also clung firmly to positions on the slopes of Monte ( assino overlooking the town. including the ^strategic point they regained in a counter-attack Sunday, it was announced, and are laying a heavy artillery fire on allied troops from these places.
Three enemy counter-attacks on
got within sight of Japan s bomb-battered base at Wcwak, New Guinea, before it was obliterated by more than IOO Fifth airforce planes in a furious four-day battle.
In the central Pacific, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz brought in his mighty battleship guns to assist carrier-based planes soften up Mill atoll, once one of Japan’s strongest bases in the Marshalls.
Continuance of the Mili assault was indicated by the fact that Nimitz, in announcing the combined battieship-carricr plane attack I last Sunday, lifted for the first time in more than a month his pol-I icy of not designating raid targets in the eastern Marshalls because Allied positions in the western and central Marshalls have cut the Japanese communication lines and Tokyo might not know all the details of the eastern Marshalls condition.
38 Escort Carriers Are Loaned Britain
STOCKHOLM. March 21 v The Finnish government affirmed today its continued desire for peace with Soviet Russia but declared firmly that it could not accept the armistice terms dictated by the Kremlin.
The declaration, embodied In a long communique giving the Finns’ version of their attempts to get out of the war, all but extinguished hopes of further peace negotiations between Helsinki and Moscow, for the Russians, the bulletin said, have declined to modify
,hTVnnn‘JhtTnd apparently aaa predated on the thesis that the crnment Organ Izvestla said Russian terms—which involved the withdrawal of Finnish troops from tluit smssiHCi Lit nictn leg. their present positions as well as internment of all German armed forces merits are retreating across now in Finland—were not consistent with the demands of national Rumania.”
The communique said the Finnish government regretted that the Russians had not given Finland “an opportunity to express her own viewpoint before accepting the terms.
“Although Finland’s government still aspires seriously for reestablishment of peaceful relations, it however, cannot accept in advance these terms, which deeply affect the existence of the whole nation without even getting any safe assurance of the interpretation and meaning of the conditions,” the bulletin said.
LONDON, March 21.—(UP)-Hungarian sources said today that the Germans, swiftly completing the occupation of
MOSCOW, March 2. , fla\ mat me un.'rn id us. awn nj ----*—
— Marshal Ivan S. Konev 1 Hungary, have set up a Nazi puppet government at Buda drove Soviet spearheads pest an*d removed Regent Adm. Nicholas Hoi thy, Premie
The Finnish press expressed divergent views as to whether the government's stand left room for hope of peace
(Since the Sox iris regard Bessarabia as a part of Russia, the Izvcstia report of a Nazi retreat “across Rumania" apparently meant that the Germans arr pulling back beyond the Prut river, the boundary between Rumania and Bessarabia.)
As the second army of the Ukraine poured into Bessarabia on
... ,w,w .v-.v .ww... — —w,----,------ front more than 50 miles wide, the
Finnish political quarters said the cabinet and parliament had based official Soviet army Journal Red - *«-- -—*-*• *----— XAOCO* rrav* 1 **---roolaimed jubilan
_____ ^____ _ _____ of the south. The Red army of
“To avoid any possible mistake these terms were presented to the tensive is spreading like *
Finnish parliament in their harshest meaning." these quarters said. spring flood.
The communique gave the Finnish public tile first full picture of ‘The Red army has crossed the
the government’s view of the peace problem, and was carried in full by last river barrier in the Soviet
south. The Dniester is behind us. There is increasing anxiety among Hitler's vassals, especially the Rumanians.’’
T iiUlicll puiiuvai quo* w a o vuv v r*** uiucint wv/vai v
their rejection of the Soviet terms on the answer which Moscow gave star proclaimed jubilantly Finland on March IO, at wind) time Hic Russians w’ere declared to have “Germany has lost th repeated their orglnal demands in ultimatum form. 1 -- *
the Finnish press.
WASHINGTON. Secretary of the
March 21 — 2P)— Nave Knox an-
Not one cent had been received
at the Red Cross War fund head- _____ w_
_ *Li.TTT hPtrt quarters today by ll a in stalling 1 nounced today that 38 escort air-
$e rid ut on Monte Cassino ne rn, af .-)3 519 65 on ., quot* 0l $60,000 (-ra 11 carriers built rn the United bv the Allies were repulsed ana: _ . • ’------1
Liberators At French
Stassen Offers To Accept Bid
WASHINGTON. March 21 T Lieutenant Commander Harold E. I Stassen. former Republican governor of Minnesota, advised Secretary cl the Navy Knox today that he will not seek the Republican presidential nomination but will accept it if offered.
Stassen disclosed his stand in a
three other points remained in Fifth army hands despite German attempts to take them.
On the beachhead British troops -lade two successful raids in force mc enc my po it ions near the western end of the perimeter, inflicting heavy casualties sharp patrol clash es occurred on the Eighth front.
In the air. Allied medium •bombers and lighters struck relentlessly at enemy port and rail communications yesterday and maintained day - long dive-b<'tithing attacks on troops and gun postions on the beachhead — an i < assino fronts.
Docks and railroads north of Rome were the main targets for Marauders, which reported scoring direct hits on port facilities and shipping at Piombino. 40 miles fn rn Leghorn, and scoring heavily Cl a inst port buildings and docks at Port Ercole,
The Allies bagged six enemy planes out of 50 that appeared over the battle areas. Four Allied planes
for Taylor county
Only two IOO percent firms were added to the list of backers yesterday. They were La Mode Dress Shop and Emmett (handler's office. Entire contributions for Monday totaled SI,094.40.
So far IO classifications have ex-army ceedcci their individual quotas. Thev are: service stations, $300
States have been delivered to Great Britain under the lend-lease program. ... .
■This fleet of 38 carriers will be a part of the anti-submarine fleet of the Allied nations," Knox said at a news conference
The escort carriers, of approximately 10.000 tons displacement each, have been one of the most potent weapons against the German
LONDON. March 21- V Britain-based American Liberators heavily bombarded the Pas-de-Ca-lals "rocket coast” area across the channel today. It was the second
To the northwest, Marshal Gregory Zhukov's First Army of the Ukraine pushed toward the Carpathians and stepped up the pressure on Marshal Fritz von Mannstein's salient stretched taut between the Lwow approaches and Proskurov, With the nipping off of the Vinnitsa end of the salient the German campaign , pOSjtion now was narrowed to a • factories, precarious foothold, at many points, while Mosquito planes bombed J onjy 60 miles wddc, between the
force struck the Angouleme works m southern France last night in a continuing nocturnal ; against specialized enemy factories,
RAF heavy bombers in small
quota. $383 20 reported; shoe'store* with the
S150-S158.5O: livestock auction and Knox porn ea ,iulr „aIt
dealers. $500-5637 50; life insurance, 01 ^ OI. .-------... «-----,-o_
LiiaiiiiCA iuua,y. u ~ - --------*~ ~ r ' I Univ DU
heavy attack on that sector in three western Germany for the eleventh norlh< rn pincers and the forbidding days. straight night.- I Carpathian wa
German resistance was negligible and not a plane was lost.
Angouleme is 6(1 miles northeast of Bordeaux.
American Flying Fortresses and Liberators, described MHY a U. S. strategic air force announcement
$500-5550.50; food brokers. $155- united States fleet
$156; abstractors. $.>0-$d6; auto h j d leased shipSt
body and repair, $400-5402. beauty1 LlKe au uu ■ - --
shops. S500-$680.95; colleges and | universities, $750-51.328.01; cotton i buyers and dealers. $160-5166.
to the British. 50 remain in opera-
Lf. Paul Clark Is German Captive
Increasing Soviet pressure from the north raised the possibility of a break-through whirh would encircle thr German garrisons of Ptoskurov and Tarnopol.
Bordy, about 5Q miles northeast
Check Calendar-It Is Still March
he said. title to the carriers remains with the United States and “if we want to exercise options, they can be reclaimed after the war.__
Club Stockholders’ Meeting Postponed
Second Lt. Paul Clark. 22-yeai- ■ old Abilene navigator reported thc _Ch *n
missing in action over Europe since I Feb 13, is held by Germany as a | prisoner of war, according to a j
as in “medium sized" force, attack- of Lwow, already was three quarters ed military targets in the Frank- encircled, front dispatches said Its furt area of Germany yesterday as fall would open the way for a the highlight of a day that saw straight shoot down the railroad between 1.600 and 2,100 Allied to Lwow
pest and removed Regent Aunt. mcnuiaa nm u.j, * fumier Nicholas Kallay and Foreign Minister Jenoe de Ghyczy to
Germany. _ , , . .,__
Though the Germans cut all Budapest s communications
with the outside world, roundabout reports reaching London said some 150,000 German troops occupied all strategic points in Hungary in a weekend coup designed to forestall a Hungarian peace move and prepare for a last ditch stand behind the Carpathians against tile approaching Red aim>.
Scattered fighting was reported, but the clandestine radio Atlantic reported that German troops firmly held all important railways, radio sta-t i o n s, telephone exchanges and government buildings.
Hungarian quarters in Stockholm said Franz Basch, German minority leader in Hungary formed a pro-Nazi government after former Premier Bela Imredy, leader of the radical rejuvenation patty, had refused » German request to appoint a cabinet.
que last official communication
received at the Hungarian legation at Stockholm, Hungarian .source* in the Swedish capital said, reported that Horthy, Kallay and Ghyczy had been forced to go to Germany. All pre iou iy had been reported arrested by the Germans.
• • •
Horthy was believed to have been seized while at Adolf Hitler’s headquarters, presumably at Lwow An exchange Telegram dispatch from Zurich said a Hungarian diplomat in Berlin informed a colleague that Horthy arrived at the headquarters Saturday with Gen. Hehi Szum-bathy, chief cl the Huganan general staff.
The two leaders conferred, t h e dispatch said, with Hitler. German Foreign Minister Joachim von Hib-bentrop and Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, supreme commander of the German armed forces, who demanded:
I. General mobilization of the Hungarian army under German supervision.
2. Reorganization of the Hungarian army on the Rumanian pat-
IIAROLD F. STASSEN
message received by his
„____ With occasional rains forecast for
0 miles northwest of1 tonight and Wednesday. March is giving up its traditionally blustery role for the more romantic April becn
Annual meeting of stockholders of the Abilene Country ba-S
postponed to next Tuesday
Citizen Help Asked Jn Clean-Up Drive
With the annual clean-up campaign scheduled to begin here March 27 under the direction of the city commissioners and Abilene Taylor count} health unit.Ma^orW. •) Hair ui-cd Abilemans Tuesday to lend their full cooperation to the campaign to make Abilene a healthier and cleaner city.
“The clean-up-paint-up campaign will make the city more brau-'vful and add to the comfort of Citizens bv preventing disease,’’ he pointed out.
"We are asking the hearty cooperation of the citizens and know thev will do their best in spite of the manpower situation, ’ oiCitiz-ns are asked to collect waste material and place it as near to a street or alley as passible in some type cf container so that the trucks will find It easily when they scour the town for the pick-up.
A few hail stones fell about the outskirts of town this morning and rainfall varied from a trace to an estimated half inch. The air port weather bureau mea.'ared 03 before the IO a. iii. shower which was light toward the southeastern part of the city.
The postponement was made because of wet weather The road into the club grounds from the highway is being rebuilt and rain has rendered it difficult.
LONDON. March 21.—■< V —The Swiss radio today quoted a Bulgarian official communique saying Allied bombers raided localities in Bulgaria last night.
Child Aid Month Set
AUSTIN. March 21 — '.Ti —The sale of Easter seals to provide funds for the care of handicapped and crippled children received official sanction yesterday as Governor Coke Stevenson issued a proclamation naming March 20 to April 9 as Texas Crippled Childrens Month."
Solon Makes Accusation—
FLEET TRAPPED BY FCC BONER?
Vichy Guards Die
ALGIERS. March 21—(A1'—Four guards convicted of murder and brutality in the operation of the Bechar Colomb internment camp in •..orth Africa under the Viclv regime were executed this morning by a French firing squad
WASHINGTON March 21— P — Rep. Miller R-Moi said today he would produce two sailors who would substantiate a story that a U. S. task force was trapped by the Japanese in Alaskan waters "because of the bungling’’ of the Federal Communications commission.
Miller's assertion was made at resumption of hearings by a special house committee investigating the FCC.
* * *
He questioned Charles P Denny,
Stanford C. Hooper former Pearl Harbor communications officer, had been “silenced by executive order ' or he could back up the veracity of the report, too.
Miller declared that “amateurs in the Federal communications commission’’ had given a naval task force wrong information about the disposition of a Japanese force off Alaska. The U. S. group, he stated, went in the direction presumed to be safe and was attacked.
***, -i1IBirnrTrT^ ________ .. ......"I propose to bring in two sailors
chief counsel of the agency, about, who were on 'hat task force, one the task force report which had i of whom was disabled as a result been aired in previous committee of the bungling of the amateurs in sessions the Federal Communications com-
Miller asserted that Admiral I mission,’’ he asserted.
here from a relay listener iii Penn Sylvania
In a letter received here this morning Mrs. Violet Bender of Oberlin, Pa., described a message she had picked up March 19 from the German official radio which said Lieutenant Clark was shot down in “recent terror raids * over Germany and was held as a prisoner.
Lieutenant Clark is the son of Mr and Mrs D C Clark of 710 Meander. His wife is making her home with his parents.
A sophomore at Texas Technolo gical college when mobilized with the National Guard, Lieutenant Clark trained with the 36th at Camp Bowie before transferring to the air corps. He was commissioned as a‘navigator at the Hondo AAF school.
BOND BOX SCORE
Since Pearl Harbor March Quota .March Sales
Field reports said the Germans were relying on Rumanian divisions to cover their retreat at many points Two Rumanian divisions with German stiffening elements were charged with the defense of Mogilev-Podolski There on the elbow of the Nniester the Russians feinted attacks in several directions. threw the defenders off balance seized the river bridge and possible to sweep on into of momen-
A LL S. communique last night said six American bombers and eight escorting fighters failed to return from the 460-mile roundtrip to the German industrial city. I ow enemy aircraft were encountered, but the fighters brought down four.
Strong forces of lighter planes, both American aud British, plastered the Nazis Atlantic wall and tar-
gets slightly deeper in France! - wtthout los
while heavy bombers were on the j Frankfurt mission Iii all opera- tum Dons of the day, it was estimated that close to 1,500 tons of bombs j were dropped
Wilson in Cairo
CAIRO, March 21.— t —Gen Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, Allied commander in chief in the Mediterranean, has arrived in Cairo for conferences with Allied chiefs
drive toward the Prut
-ce RI SSI ANS Pg. IO < ol
letter addressed to Secretary ol the Navy Knox and read by Knox to
The former governor, who now is flag secretary of the staff of Admiral William F. Halsey Jr., lom-mander of the South Pacific forces, said that numerous question* were being asked of Sum as to my attitude toward the current inc lu-sion of my name in the presidential nomination discussion Knox, leading the letter in full interpolated in the quotation a comment that ••This is Stassen's statement.”
“I wish lo make it equally clear that I will make no statement on political issues while on active duty, that I do not wish any publicity of my activities in the Navy to be used in a political manner, and that no one is authorized to make pet -sonaI commitments on my behalf, Stassen wrote
I ,S. OI CAK IMI M OI I OM; ll I R< I XX I XI 111 It HI KIM
ABILENE and Vicinity Considerable cloudiness today, tonight and Wednesday. Occasional rain. Coo lei tonight and Wed nesday
EAST TEXAS Consideradli clomb ness, light rain northwest and north central portion* this afternoon, north per tion tonight and north portion and near upper coast Wednesday vs armer north cast portion and near upper coast and cooter in the extreme northwe«t portion tonight cooler in west portion W’ednes das fresh to strong winds
WEST TEXAS Considerable cloudi ness this afternoon tonight and Wed nesday except partly cloudy in the El Paso area cooler tonight and Wednesday; temperatures of 26 .TO in the Pan handle tonight fresh to strong winds High and low temperature past 24 hr"• TI nf S4 degrees
ll MPI a X It RIS Tile Mon Mon Sun A M Hour P M
1 ,x» :u
231.700.00 — —
iaq OKO es Stmi.se lins morning ' **•
106,oo-.7a sunset tonight .................7.51
57 55 55
32 -31 32-34 30 40 52-50
RUSSIANS IN BESSARABIA—Arrows indicate Russian drives threatening Rumania, toward which German armies were reeling today. Soviet reports indicated the Nazis were falling hack on the I'rut river. Broken arrows indicate possible thrusts to trap the remaining Huns. (NEA Tclemap).
See lit NG ARY Pg. IO ( ol. I
I Coleman Men Missing in Raid
COLEMAN. March 21—<SpD-Two Coleman county airmen have been reported missing in action in coordnated aerial axxault by the American air forces on Europe.
The two men are 1st Lt. John I . ( .lidwell Jr., 23, formerly of Rockwood, and S.-Sgt. Johnnie Wooten of Burkett. Both men had been stationed in England and both were members of the Eighth \ir Force.
Both are missing since Fob, 22, on which day ' heavy American bombers from the Eighth, in Britain and from the 15th Air Force, In Italy, blasted German fighter plane factories
rn * *
Whether the two men happened to tie riding the same ship is not known.
Relatives of Sergeant Wooten a uvdio operator have been notified by the War department that he h missing, but Mr. and Mrs. Fred Shuford of Rockwood, uncle and aunt of Lieutenant I aldwell, have a returned package on which is the notation "Missing” as evidence that their nephew failed to return to his base in EHiland.
Lieutenant Caldwell, pilot and bombardier, is the son of the late Mrs. John Vise Caldwell and grandson of the late Mrs. A. F. Vise. He was born and reared in Brown county and had attended school at Brownwood and at Bangs. He had, however, spent much time with his uncle and aunt at Rockwood.
Sergeant Wooten, son of Mrs. M. V. Bagiev of Weatherford and grandson of Mrs. John Fox of Burkett. formerly was employed in local drug stores.