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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 20, 1938, Abilene, Texas wm uturns9 ©WM o)fWo)tZTfjc Abilene Reporter ~$lm$"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS COES "-Byron VOL. LYU, NO. 302.    r™.ABILENE, TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 20, 1938 THIRTY PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS. Cnlttd ftJP> PRICE 5 CENTS FIRST CONVENTION AREA CC LEADERS ELECT, PICK MARFA '39 HOST; HEAR COTTON IMPROVEMENT URGED By HARRY HOLT BIO SPRING, March 19—Chamber of commerce managers of West Texas, concluding their first convention here today, installed new officers and selected Marfa as the 1939 meeting place. Chester Harrison of Brownwood was elected president, succeeding W. A. Wilson of Olney. A. J. Payne of Slaton was named vice-president; Ralph Duncan of Haskell, secretary-treasurer; and the following were named directors. Miss Ollie E. Clarke, Albany; J. D. Motley, Ballinger; A. B. Davis, Lubbock; H. M. Pruett, Borger; Bill Collyria, Midland, and Wilson. Carl Blasig of Colorado was selected as historian. The concluding session, held in the afternoon, was devoted to discussions of the forthcoming West Texas chamber of commerce convention at Wichita Palls. Outlining plans for the convention program were Wilburn Page, who asked for a large representation at the 20th annual convention, and Kendall Paulk, chairman of the out-of-town RALPH DUNCAN C-C Managers' Secretary registration. Bill Wright of Olney presided at the session. D. A. Bandeen, WTCC manager, spoke on “Relationship of the West Texas chamber of commerce to local chambers of commerce,” in which he spoke of common objectives and characteristics and the similar method of application of these objectives. He reviewed briefly some of the accomplishments of the regional chamber in the past ten years, pointing out that these had aided individual towns while promoting the West Texas area as a whole. Tile importance of county standardization of one variety cotton was outlined by M. R. Martin of Waco, former Marshall chamber of commerce secretary. He struck a keynote sounded last night by L. A. Wilke cf Ell Paso on advertising Texas. In an effort to regain lost prestige on foreign markets for East Texas cotton, an advertising program, telling of the cotton standardization in • 14 counties (See MANAGERS, Pg. 7. Col. 4) LEAVES EUROPE TENSE- Lithuania Yields To Poles Armed Conflid I" INTERNATIONAL AT A GLANCE Again Averted Poland's Might Helps Small State Decide Course By The Associated Press LONDON, March 19.—One country was swallowed and war in another averted in a week of kaleidoscopic events which brought Europe nearer to armed conflict than any time since 1918, Little Lithuania capitulated today to the overwhelming force of neighboring Poland and kept peace in the Baltic. But she did not surrender her Independence as did Austria a week ago in the face of Reich! uehrer Adolf Hitler’s ultimatum backed by j the force of the German army. FORCE ANGERS BIG 3 Poland's resort to strong-arm tactics, closely emulating Hitler’s, angered such countries as Great Britain. France and Soviet Russia, associated with her in the League of Nations. But they counselled Lithuanian submission to keep a relatively minor border incident from becom-1 lng another Sarejevo and embroiling all Europe. That border incident on March ll in which a Polish guard was killed i precipitated Polish demands for solution of differences etxending I back to 1920. The demands, while on the sur- j face apparently reasonable, aroused | deep resentment in London and Paris because they were barked by a theat to trample on Lithuania’s war-born independence. DEMANDS HUMILIATING They were especially humiliating to Lithuanians since they called for restoration of diplomatic relations and business connections—non-existent for 18 years—on a basis tantamount to abandonment of Lithuania claim to her ancient capital, Wilno. Polihh forces seized Wilno, tradi-1 tional shrine of Lithuanian history, Oct. 9, 1920. Today's victory over a state having close relations with Russia im- ■ proved Poland's chances for domination in the Baltic area, possibly in conjunction with Germany with ' whom she now appears more friendly. Settlement of the Polish-Lithu- j anlan dispute left the fates of ! Czechoslovakia and Spain as burn- ; ing Issues in war-frightened Europe. CHAMBERLAIN SHAKY They were issues which brought renewed attacks on the government of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain just as it was recovering from the political repercussions to Anthony Eden’s protest resignation from the post of foreign secretary. (See LITHUANIA, Pg. 7. Col. 6) The Weather Bv The Associated Press KAUNAS—Lithuania averted war by bowing to Polish demands for settlement of longstanding differences. WARSAW—Triumphant Poland joyously greeted Lithuanian settlement; two killed, IOO injured in anti-Jewish rioting. MEXICO CITY—Mexico oil workers ended “folded arms” strike; “collaborate with government’’ in operating nation’s expropriated $400,000,000 foreign oil industry. PRAHA—Hitler said to have deman ded termination of Czecfc-Russlan military alliance as price for peace; Czech gov ernment showed no signs of complying. HENDAYE—Spanish insurgents drove almost to seaboard in their push toward Mediterranean. Barcelona experienced respite after two days and nights of terrific insurgent bombing; 640 dead, 200 more feared killed, 2,000 wounded. SHANGHAI—Japanese army drove forward on southern Shangtung front in one of most extensive battles since the world war. An estimated 150,000 Japanese took part in advance, which 250.000 Chinese failed to stem. DISTRICT POSTOFFICE HEADS OPEN ORGANIZATION MEET Urge Change In Constitution To Insure Tribunal New York's Bar Asks Guarantee For High Court NEW YORK, March 19.—(A*)—A drive to amend the United States constitution to guarantee the future independence of the supreme court was pressed today by an influential unit of the American bar. The federal legislation committee of the New' York City bar association. in a communication to the judiciary committees oi both houses of congress, asked these three things: 1. A constitutional amendment definitely setting the number of justices at the present figure, nine. RETIREMENT CLAUSE 2. Another amendment making retirement of justices mandatory at a set age, preferably “not less than 75” years. 3. Adoption of a law creating an independent agency to handle the ■ court finances, which now go through the department of Justice, an administrative branch of the executive arm of the government. Action should be taken now. the : bar committee report which accompanied the communication said, so that the problem “can be considered calmly on its merits, free , from the confusion and controversy” which attended President Roosevelt's sudden court reform campaign of 1937. Roosevelt's effort was characterized by the report as an attempt "to bring about retirements by other methods intended to be quick’’ but appraised by the people as “dangerous.’’ Behind the committee report was the full power of the bar of the nation’s largest city—4200 lawyers. The proposal to make retirement of aged justices mandatory was In line with President Roosevelt’s plan, but there were differences of detail. The bar committee advocated, for example, that tile compulsion not apply to Justices now on the supreme bench. The president proposed the opposite. The Roosevelt plan called for re-I tireinent at TO, The bar comifrtt-I tee said it should be “not less than 75.” ‘No Third Term,’ Allred Hull Declares Says ln Talk Over Radio U. S. Concern Will Retire To Over Nazi Coup 'FREE DEATH' FOR ROSS KILLER Sheriff John Toman of Cook county, Chicago, shown at left, is an obliging fellow. He assures Warden Frank Sain, right, that use of his new and highly modem electric chair for electrocution of John Seadlund, kidnaper -killer of Charles Ross, “won’t cost the government a nickel” if it is wanted. The chair has neither straps nor buckles. A lever operates clamps for wrists and ankles, and a condemned man can be tightly secured in it in four and one-half seconds. Seadlund has ben sentenced to die for his crime. BARCELONA GIVEN UNEASY RESPITE FROM BOMBINGS Law Practice Says Decision Made To Avert Bitter Campaign AUSTIN. March 19.—UP)—Governor James V. Allred announced tonight he would retire from office at the end of his present term and enter the private practice of law in Austin. The governor made the momentous announcement, eagerly awaited by all the state, in a radio address from the governor’s mansion, the first time in history such a speech had been made. Declaring he desired most of all to serve the public interest and an unprecedented thi-d term announcement would plunge Texas into the bitterest campaign it had ever known, he said he had concluded he should not be a candidate. FINANCIAL REASONS He also said he was deeply In debt and owed it to his wife and three small sons to provide for their financial welfare. Likewise mentioned were the “tax'' on physical and mental strength, the strain of “slime, slander and gossip in the heat of campaigns,’’ and constant “unjust” criticism. The governor reviewed accomplishments of his administration of the last three years, stating It had been an administration of which Texas need not be ashamed. He thanked Texans for the honor of serving four years as attorney general and another four as governor and said he had no desire, and would not attempt to name his suc-jcessor. CHALLENGES CANDIDATES He reminded, however, that he had previously said the announced 1 candidates to succed him had not said where they stood “on a single important issue,” declared his views on such matters were well known and asked if it was too much for j others to make themselves equally 1 clear. The governor made his declaration of intention to retire as he neared his 39th birthday anniver- Austrian Seizure Considered To Be Menace To Peace WASHINGTON, March 19.— The United States government an-I nounced to the world today that it was seriously concerned at the extent to which Adolf Hitler's seizure of Austria tended to endanger peace. Secretary of State Hull broke hi* silence on the nazi coup after receiving official notice that the Austrian legation here had been abolished and its functions taken over by the German embassy. SPEAKS FOR SELF Giving emphasis by waiving hi* usual rule against direct quotation of press conference statements, he told reporters: “The day before yesterday I discussed fully the principles governing peaceful and orderly international relations and their application to present conditions in European and other world areas. “The extent to which the Austrian incident, or any similar incident, is calculated to endanger the maintenance of peace and the preservation of the principles In which this government believes is of course a matter of serious concern to th® government of the United States.” Postmasters and postmistresses of the 17th congressional district began gathering here last night for a district organization meeting. D. C. Harris, postmaster at Mineral Wells and executive committe-man in the state postmasters’ association, was among early arrivals. Nearly 20 postoffice chiefs and their wives or husbands were guests last night of Abilene postal officials at the Business and Professional Women's club dance at the Taylor Youth Arrested In Levine Case NEWARK. March 19— Pl—A 19-year-old Newark probationer was held in $25,000 bail today after police said he confessed writing six letters to Murray Levine. New Rochelle. N. Y„ attorney, demanding $30,000 for return of Levine's 12-year-old son. Peter, w ho disappeared more than three weeks ago. Detective Peter La Bagliva said Stanley Thomas Jasoskv, who was arraigned before United States Commissioner Holland after being questioned all night by Newark detectives and federal bureau of investigation agents, confessed writing the missives; declared he did not participate in the kidnaping, but asserted he “knew who did it.” While federal agents continued to question Jasosky, justice department officials in Washington said his arrest was a minor one and did not solve the kidnaping of young Levine on February 24. county veterans’ clubhouse. Others, arriving today, were expected to swell attendance at the meeting to between 50 and 60 Representatives of 104 postoffices were invited. This morning will be left open for the postal delegates to attend church services. They had a special invitation to the Victory Men’s Bible class, which meets in the Majestic theater. Postmaster Harris will preside for a noon luncheon at the Hotel Wooten. It will be followed by a business session at which organization of the district into a unit of the state association will be perfected. Registration opened yesterday afternoon at the Hotel Wooten. It was followed by a reception at which the postmasters and postmistresses were welcomed by Postmaster and Mrs. O. A. Hale, Asst. Postmaster and Mrs. Paul Scott, Supt. of Mails and Mrs. Eugene C. Pearce, Mrs. Jack Batts, claim and dead letter clerk, and T. N. Carswell, secretary - manager of the Abilene chamber of commerce. Other entertainment on yesterday's program was golf at the country club and the business and professional women’s dance. Postmasters and postmistresses who registered yesterday afternoon were H. O. Jones of Winters, Mrs. Annie Thomas of Hawley, Mrs. Sue De Ford of Gordon, Mrs. Tenie B. Colbert of Stamford, H. M. Thomson of Coleman, Nat Shick of Big Spring. N. W. Durham of Merkel, L. H. McCrea of Cisco, Rosa M. Boucher of Gorman and Claude Thompson of Breckenridge. Postal Inspector P. M. Juvenal of Abilene also was a registrant. Negro Gunman Wounds Farmer PARIS. Mar. 19.—<AV-Earl Rake-straw, 36-year-old farmer, was shot and critically wounded today by an apparently-crazed negro, officers said, who later was killed in a gun-battle. Tlve negro, ojhn Howard, formerly of Dallas, was shot by Deputy Sheriff Clyde Shelton and Policeman Troy McCormick who said they found him walking near the wounded man. flourishing a pistol to keep aid away. Heads Teachers ALPINE. March 19—or— M. D. Lokey, of Fabens, was elected president of the Trans-Pecos division of the state teachers association today. BY ROBERT OKIN BARCELONA. March 19 —.FI—A lull in the deadly roar bombers gave blood-drenched Barcelona a merciful, although apprehensive respite today. For the first time since Wednesday    the    skies    were    clear of raiders. But no one knew when they would    resume    the    appalling    death and destruction w rought during two ter- j rifying days of relentless bombard- ! ment. Stock-taking was a pitiful mission in this somber capital of gov- I eminent Spain. 640 BODIES IN MORGUE There were 640 scattered bodies laid out in grotesque rows in overtaxed morgues. Only 105 had been identified. One doctor estimated 200 more. bodies were buried in the debris of J CORDELL HULL Speech Tourney Honors To ACC What Is Your news i. a? AB rue STE AXD VICINITY! Tartly Hun <1 \ and Manner Sunday, VV EST TEAM; Kalr Sunday and Monday, cooler In neat and north portion* Monday. KASI' TEXAS; lair Manner In north portion Sunday; Monday partly cloudy, citoler In north Meat portion. Frrsh southrr-I) Mind* on tho ennui. OKLAHOMA: 1'air and warmer Sunday; Monday fair and cooler. Strong nom ho rut Mind* Si nim. NEW MEXICO: Generally fr.lr Munday and Monday j* folder east portion Monday'. Bange of temperature yesterday: A. M.    HOI K    P. M. W ............. I ............. 67 ............. t      71 80    ............. 3 ............. 73 *9 ............. A      78 ♦7 ............. 8      76 48 ............. 6      78 43 ............. 7 ............. 71 44 ............. 6      06 *1 ............. 9      AO 5! ............. IO    ............. 87 ............ ll    ............ Noon .. .    a 2    Midnight ... 65 Highest anil Iomcri temperature* to 9 p. rn, yesterday 70 and 43; same date a tour USU, 74 and 61. Sunset yesterday. 6.60; sunrise today. 1:43. sunset today, 6:60,    $ FINAL VOTE APRIL 12— District Groups Renominate Directors Of West Texas Cotton Growers' Association Old directors of the West Texas Cotton Growers’ association were renominated in meetings held Saturday. Reports from eight of the nine meetings held in the nine districts showed members nominating old directors for reelection. The directors will be voted on in a meeting In Abilene April 12. At Abilene Ed Gist was renominated by a small gathering of members from district I—Taylor, Callahan and Eastland counties. District 2 members, from Jones. Shackelford and Stephens counties, met at Anson to renominate C. W. Bartlett, who is also vice president of the WTCGA. E. W. Crumpler presided for the meeting. Fisher, Nolan and Coke county members convened in a district 3 session at Roby %> rename J. C. Simpson a* d treeto* District 4 meeting—for Haskell, Stonewall and King counties—was held at Haskell, with B. Walters of Rule, who has served as director since the association was founded, being renominated. At Snyder J. L. Carrell was renominated director of district 6, composed of Scurry, Kent and Dickens counties. District 7—Mitchell. Howard, Mar- | tin and Midland counties—meeting was held at Colorado, when E. Barber of Spade was renominated director. At Ballinger 40 WTCGA repre- ! sedatives from Runnels, Concho, Coke and Tom Green counties renominated G. Y. Lee of Eden. J. L. Wilkinson of Coleman, president of the WTCGA, was renomi-nated as director from district 9 by delegates from Coleman, Brown, San Saba and F^Culloch counties. Each question counts 20; each part of a two-part question, IO. A score of 60 is fair; 80 good. Answers on Page 7. 1. Who is this newly appointed assistant of the president of West Texas oilmen's association? What does he plan as his first objective in office. 2. The city of Abilene recently sold the last half of the $600,000 Fort Phantom Hill lake bonds at a bid lower than the first series. True or false. 3. Civic clubs will sponsor a basketball tournament Monday and Tuesday with the proceeds going to benefit the (ai the police department, (b) the high school band, ic) PTA undernourished children. 4. Is the Abilene municipal! airport building a new hangar or new' runways? What legal action is the city being forced to take? 5. Is the Booster's club attempting to organize <a) Y. M C. A , <b) a community chest, ic) a club for protection of unmuzzled dogs? ® bomb-wrecked buildings. Highest estimates placed the dead at 1.300 and injured at more than 2,000 in the 13 insurgent attacks. More than 700 wounded, including 75 small boys and girl*, were crowded into clinic hospital alone. Others were treated in emergency hospitals and sent home. A tour of the devastated areas presented frightful scenes. WOMEN AMONG DEAD Some residential sections were deserted by terror-stricken families who took to the countryside. Forty destroyed buildings were counted; 71 others were partially wrecked. Many women wfre among the dead, their heads crushed bv fallen masonry and beams. Near their bodies were those of 12 babies. Hundreds of horror-stricken men and women clustered about hospital doors. Women cried in corridors as they searched in vain for missing members of their families. Insurgents Near Seaboard Province HENDAYE, France (At the Spanish frontier). March 19—(ZP)—Spanish insurgent vanguards today penetrated almost to the seaboard province of Castellon in their drive toward the Mediterranean. The speed of Generalissimo Francisco Franco’s three main armies was reduced, however, to prepare for a major thrust across the coastal Sierras which he was expected to launch shortly. Tile days actual fighting was limited to minor engagements between Franco's advance guards and government rear guards. Barcelona's terror-stricken populace, meanwhile, had its first breathing spell after two days and two nights of insurgent air raids that left at least 640 known dead, I more victims buried in wreckage and more than 1,200 wounded. Abilene high school took a major share of honors Saturday in the fourth annual high school speech tournament sponsored by Abilene Christian college, placing five entrants In the finals. Anson was second with four. A hundred participants from 27 high schools competed in the six divisions of the contest. In boys’ extempore speaking, Winfred Rucker of Stamford won first, Clifford    Roberts of Anson second and Emmitt Schlueter of Roby third. First place    in girls’ exterpore speaking was    won by Eleanor Bishop of Abilene with second position going to another Abilenian, Sadie Lou Davidson. Katherine Loveless won third. ROBY DECLAIMER FIRST S. J. Holden of Roby won first in boys’ declamation. Second place went to Bill Tippen of Abilene with Anoil Owens of Eastland taking third. In girls’ declamation, Sally Dick of Ovalo took first, followed by Mo-zell Arthurs of Spur in second place and Jane Rogers of Sweetwater in third. Wood Butler of Abilene won first in poetry reading with Jack Walker of Anson second and Verlie Joyce Perkins of Abilene third. In short-story reading. Dale King of Anson ranked first, Joyce Dickson of Wylie second and Annie Laurie Boaz of Anson third. The secretary also authorized an sary. He will be 39 years old March announcement that certain “technl-29, having been the second youngest cal steps” on the part of this gov* governor in Texas history when in- eminent would be required as a re* °    augurated    for his first term In 1935. | suit of Austria’s changed status. His administration, he said, had commanded the respect of the citizenship of other states and the confidence ol the national administration. had cooperated with the president in carrying out a recovery program and sponsored the centennial celebration. CITES TAX STATUS In three years he said the constitution had been amended so that the legislature could provide old age assistance, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent children, for the blind, for teachers and “many other worthy purposes, where no such authority existed before.” “Visiting other states where income taxes, sales taxes, transaction taxes, and every form of taxes are In operation,” he said, “I have been proud of the fact that this administration has successfully blocked every effort to place upon the backs of the people the terrible burden of a sales tax.” He said the state had the finest state police system in all the land and pointed also to repeal of the race track gambling law and abolition of “an indefensible pardon system.” He naturally wanted to see the remainder of the “people's program” carried out and to “lead the fight,” he said, and for months considered asking another term. Persons close to the German embassy expressed belief that thlg meant Austria's absorption by Germany would be recognized by thia government in fact, step by step aa questions of customs and the lika arose. RECOGNITION UNLIKELY When asked directly whether thia government contemplated recognition of the Austro-German union, Hull said the principles he enunciated Thursday in a restatement at American foreign policy should supply the answer. One of the princU pies he restated then was: “All nations should, through vol* untary self-restraint, abstain from use of force in pursuit of policy and from Interference in the international affairs of other nations.” EVENTS TO COME ~ IN WEST TEXAS Oplin-Tecumseh School Bonds Win Voters of the Oplin-Tecumseh school district in Callahan county, yesterday authorized a $22,500 bond issue for construction of a combination grammar and high school. The ballot was 74 or, 3 against. L. L McBane presided as election judge. Sidney Harville, a school trustee. said plans for a $35,000 school building. It is hoped that remainder of the cost will be supplied in a Works Progress administration project which has been sent to Washington for WPA officials’ final approval. COLEMAN—E. R. Eudaly. dairy specialist from A. Sc M. college will speak in Coleman March 24. COLORADO.—Annual stockholders’ meeting of the Farmers’ Gin company of Colorado will be held March 26. Annual Colorado Fat Stock show will be held April ll. ODESSA—Annual Ector county livestock and poultry show will ba held Thursday, Friday and Saturday. ASPERMONT.—Stonewall conn* I ty’s boys’ livestock show will ba held Saturday. BAIRD Baird voters will ballot on whether to cooperative with tho county in construction of a city-county hospital April 5, at the sare time as regular officials are elected. STAMFORD. — Seventeenth dis. trict of the Women’s Missionary union of the Baptist church will hold a meeting at Stamford April 12 and 13. SAVES ESTES POLITICAL FLING— No Echo From Candidates ’ Corner On Allred's Talk DAR Convention Ends TEMPLE. March 19—(/P)—The thirty-ninth annual convention of the Texas Daughters of the American P-volution closed here today without settling on a next meeting place. The next convention city will be cfcosen by the state board Of the organization. Gov. Allred's speech announcing he did not choose to run elicited relatively little talk, but plenty of listening, last night from candidates for his job. It brought an expression of acute indifference from Attorney General William McGraw; saved Carl Estes, the “conditional candidate,” the necessity of engaging in a “hot summer campaign.” and drew compliments and possibly a bid for his support from Mayor P. D. Renfro of Beaumont. Ernest Thompson, railroad commissioner. and Rep Clarence Farmer of Fort Worth would not be reach ed. Ma and Pa Ferguson said nothing but kept their heads cocked toward the radio. “Since Mr. Allred is not a candidate for governor, his course as a private citizen ought not to be a subject of public discussion. I consequently have no comment,” said McCraw. Estes, Longview publisher, got off an airplane coming into Dallas from New York five minutes before Allred’s speech, listened to it by automobile radio, and then said: “Allred’s speech makes me very happy. I will not have to make the race myself, x x x x Now we can get down to the serious business of electing Bill McCrew governor.” Estes had said he would run if Allred did. Mayor Renft-o said, in part: “Governor Allred’s statements had a ring of sincerity. His summary of what had been accomplished was good, x x x x We don’t always agree with the governor, but w’e do have to appreciate a man’s sincerity. I wish Governor Allred success in his practice of law.” Mr. and Mrs. James E. Ferguson, former governors, gave no indication whether Allred’s speech had any bearing upon any political plan# they may have,    .* ;