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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 19, 1954, Abilene, Texas CLOUDY®Í)E Mene porter VOL. LXXIII, No. 276 Assi>ciated Preu (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, *\L\RCH 19, 1954—TWENTY-SIX PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c DANGER AREA OE U.S. PROVING GROUNDS Crtwof Jap«n«M I Fiihinp V*sMil Suffer« Burns tNllltIKU *lffUKlPAtfU M HeTiE^GREATEST man-made EXPLOSION UNLEASHED — This map ^locates the United States proving grounds in the Pacific where, with a shattering power hundreds of times greater than any previous man-made explosion, the United States set off its H-Bomb No. 2 two weeks ago. The explosion took place either on Eniwetok atoll or Bikini atoll, presumably on Bikini, and was felt as far away as Kwajalein. The crew members of a Japanese fishing vessel (cross) which was said to have been 80 miles northeast of the blast center were burned and blistered by ashes from the explosion. Israel, Arabs Start Troop Moyements TEL AVIV. Israel. March 18 IP— Reports of Israeli and Arab troop movements and an announcement that Israel will demand United Nations action for the slaying of 11 Jews by marauders tightened the tension in the Middle East today. An Israeli spokesman blamed neighboring Jordan for the killings by an armed band that boarded the Israeli bus in Scorpion Pass in the Negev Desert yesterday. Jordan “bears all responsibility” dared Jordan was ready “politi- for the slaying, the spokesman declared. Israeli sources said bloodhounds, put on the trail at the scene, tracked the marauders to the Jordan border, 12 miles away, and declared an Arab headgear of the type worn by Jordanians, was found in the blood-smeared bus. But in Amman, a Jordan government representative denied his country was to blame, and de- French Pound Hard At Rebel Attackers HANOI, Indochina, March 18 'P —French Union forces pounded the Vietmlnh besiegers of Dlen Bien Phu today with U.S.-supplied artillery and alrpower. It was the sixth day of savage struggle for the French fortress cally and militarily to meet any developments that might arise.” The Israeli spokesman called the incident a “warlike act” and said “the evidence points to the fact the outrage was organized and committed by Jordanians from Jordan territory.” He added that the Israeli government intends to take the matter up with the United Nations probably in the form of a protest and a demand for action by the Security Council. Israeli ambassadors also were told to acquaint the United States, British and French governments and members of the U.N. with details of the attack. The incident was the most serious since last October when .53 Arabs were killed by raiders who attacked the Jordan village of Kibya. The .Security Council censured Israel for that incident. Lebanese newspapers carried House Defeats Demos' Votes Tax Cut Here Are Main Facts Of Tax Revision Bill WASHINGTON, March 18    —| billions, but Republican.s dispute Here are some main provisions 1 this.) of the vast tax revision bill passed I DEPENDENTS—Taxpayers now T.vnnv    allowed    to    claim    depend-1 makini! more than $600. The I er.a would he allowed lo deduct; ^ , ^ med.eal expenses above three per j 19. or for stu-| cent of their income, instead of dents above five per cent as at present. Maxi- mum deductions would be dou-!,, ■*$._ bled up to $10,000 for families. : Estimated saving to taxpayers—80) million dollars.    , RETIREMENT INCOME—Re-i tired workers over 65 would be i allowed an additional deduction oil    ,    ______ up to $1,200 on income from pen-j SINGLE HEAD OF I-AMILHaS— sion.s, annuities, interest, rent or 1 These taxpayers would be allowed dividends. The deduction would he    their    income    for    tax    pur- that age, providing still provides more than half the child’s support. Further, anyone living in the taxpayer's household could be claimed as a dependent. Only certain relatives may be claimed now. Saving —8.5 millions. SAM RAYBURN . . loses tax fight reduced by any income that i.s already tax free, such as social se- poscs, just as married couples do now, often putting them In a lower curity. Saving—125 million dollars, i l>racket. They get only half of this tions would be allowed, in a prof-DIVIDENDS—Taxpayers gener-1 af^vantage now. Saving—50 mil-1 itable year, to deduct losses for ally would be allowed a tax credit l>ons.    | two years back Instead of only of five per cent of dividend in-1 CHILD CARE EXPENSES — ifor one year as now. Saving—100 come this year, 10 per cent next Widows and widowers, or .separat- millions. year. This amount would be de-jed or divorced wives or husbands, FOREIGN INCOME—On Income ducted from the actual tax bill would be allowed to deduct up to; from oi>eratlons abroad, corpora-the taxpayer otherwise would pay' $600 a year for expense of caring tions would be taxed at 14 per March 15 to April 15, next year. LOSS CARRYBACKS-Cori)ora- Ike's Bill Through Slides Swiftly Burleson, 15 Other Texans Support Demos Reporter-News Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, March 18 — Rep. Omar Burleson of Anson and 15 carries a variety of tax r*educ-i other Texas congressmen Tlmr.sday —not from his income as most for their children while they work. I centage points below the regular tions in the form of many bigger supported a Democratic — sponsor- WA.SIIINGTON, March 18 (AP>—The House beat down by a margin of only six votes today a    White    House-opposed    Democratic drive to cut income taxes.    Then    it    swiftly passed    a    huge tax revision bill cutting other taxes by about ^1 397,000,000 this year. The action was a major victory for President Eisenhower, who appealed on radio and television Monday night for adoption of the tax bill as it stood and denounced the Democrats* income lax cut plan as unsound election year politics. 210 to 204 Vote By a 210 to 204 roll c.'ill vote, taken amid volleys of applause i from packed galleries, the House rejected the Democratic move to rai.se the individual exemption for each taxpayer and dependent from $600 to $700 a year. This would have meant a tax cut of $2.400,-000,000 thi.s year, Thl.s test vote was overwhelmingly along party lines. Supporting the income tax cut were 193 Democrat.s, 10 Republicans and 1 independent. Opposing it were 201 Republieans and 9 Democrats. The revision 1)111, as passed, i deductions are handled. Further,, This applies only to children under the first $50 of dividend income | the age of 10, or up to 16 if the would not be taxed at all the first! child Is handicapped and cannot year, the first $100 the second i attend regular schools. Saving — year. Saving—240 million dollars : 40 millions. the fir.st year, 814 millions a year; LIFE INSURANCE—Estate tax-i per cent, instead of dropping to 47 eventuallv.    ;    es on life insurance would be'per cent as scheduled April 1 un- DEPliECIATION — Business ^ eased. Savings—25 million.s.    i der present law. The extension will pendent, firms would be allowed much big-i CONTRIBUTIONS — Allowable' cost corporations about $1,200,000, corporate income tax rate. Sav ing—147 millions. CORPORATE RATES-The regular corporate rate would be continued for one year only at 52 ger tax deductions    for    wear and    contributions for charity,    etc., tear on new plants    and    equipment; would be Increased    from 20 per in the first years    of    their use,    j cent of income to    30 per    cent, smaller deductions in later years.; Saving—25 millions. Saving—375 million the first year. | FILING DATE — The annual i sources, and more liberal account. (Democrats say in later years the deadline date for filing income tax|ing provisions, would save corpora revenue loss would    run over two    returns would be    shifted    from 1 tions 72 millions. 000 next year. OTHER BENEFITS-More liberal provisions for depletion of certain nonmetallic mineral re- deductions for individuals and 'ed motion to send the administra-buslnes.s,    tion'.s tax bill hark to committee On final passage of the bill, the | with insfnictions to raise person-vote was 339 to 80 Voting for it i al income tax exemptions to $700 were 208 Republicans and 131 Dem- and eliminate a provision freeing oerats. Against it were 5 Repuhll- .some stock dividends from taxes, cans, 74 Democrats and 1 inde- But six other Texas congressmen went on record as opposed to send-Both sides worked strenuously i ing the bill hack to committee to corral votes to the very last, with those instructions, and tension rose in the crowded Four Texans voted against .-ending the bill back, and two others rounding the fortress, about 175 miles west of Hanoi. The French air force attacks were the heaviest of the war. Rebel cannon answered with' dispatches from Jordan saying Is-thousands of mortar bursts and; racli troops were oonoentratm^^ 75 mm. ami 105 mm. shells rained i the Isiaeli-Jordan fronUer. ^arso . in nn    thp main airstrio    and the I    in    Beirut    said    Syria    was ilo,r    airstrip    ana    military    equipment south- in northwest Indochina and the | Kt*y aeien.ses.    j    through    Damascus toward heavily hammered Communist-led j The    French say that six days of border with    Israel.    The    Syrian rebels now appeared to    bei furious battle have cost    the Viet- shunning costly direct attacks    by j mlnh    the equivalent of    at least masses of infantry.    one of their four divisions here in j^ the event Tlieir new tactic might herald kincfl    wounded.    The    French    needed, a rebel withdrawal, but deep in said    casualties    were a their bunkers behind the barbed j    figure    but were wire the confident French forces I climbing.    _________ braced for any new charge. Amid giant clouds of reddi.sh dust mushrooming skyward under the force of a thousand exploding «hells, the French were more than trading blow for blow in a steady artillery duel with the rebels surrounding the plain. Light bombers and strafing planes swept out in clear weather from land and carrier bases against enemy gun emplacements and troop concentrations In the dusty countryside sur- government was reported to have temporarily taken over all buses quick transport is There was no official announcement on troop movements from Israeli or Arab officials. U.S. Serves Nolice It Will Use UN Veto To Bar Red China NEWS INDEX SECTION A Food nows .      6 Womens news..........7-8 Oil news...........10-11 SECTION B Sports ...........  2-3 Editorials ............... ^ Comics ................ 5 Form news ............. 9 Rodio & TV log..........9 UNITED NATIONS, N. Y„ (/h — The United States served notice today it will use the veto if necessary to bar Red China from the United Nations. Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. told a news conference he believes the United States would have the support of many countries against Red China if the issue comes to a vote. But the chief American delegate to the U. N. added that if necessary he would not shrink from use of the veto power given the Security Council. The veto applies only in the Security Council. The General Assembly and other organs of the U. N. presumably could seat Red China on a majority vote. The question at issue is which of two contesting governments should rep- resent China, rather than the admission of a new member. Original admissions must have approval from both Security Council and General Assembly. Lodge, in effect, took issue with the stand taken by the State Department during the Truman administration—that the veto would not apply on the question of changing Chinese representation from Formosa to Peiping. Lodge said he was confident it would apply. Lodge was asked what he would do if Red China offered at the Geneva conference April 26 to halt the war in Indo-china in return for a seat in the U N. He replied he had seen nothing official to indicate that an Asian settlement and the seat of the Chinese Communists were related. 5-YEAR PLAN OUTLINED Channeling Deadman Creek Into Lake Phantom Urged Channeling of Deadman Creek i More filtered - water storage Into Lake Fort Phantom Hill was ■ and pumping facilities and South-recommended to the city Thurs-1 west Abilene distribution lines i day by S. W. Freese, engineer, for! were also included in the five-increasing the city’s water sup-1 year proposal. ply. Water for Tye, Merkel? 9 million more — or a total 27 million gallons — as a maximum day in the next five years. He said the present sources of supply can provide that expected gain in demand, but counseled that Freese included    that step    in a, City    of Abilene should plan to |    the    Deadman Creek channel nroaram he    urged    within the    next j supply    water to Tye and Merkel,    be made anyway since “it is per- fiv.» vi.nrs.    Free.se    advised. Both towns have    haps    the most economica’ mea- a preliminary report j asked    permission to tie onto Abi- j    sure    for more supply in Abilene’s expansion lene’s water system Freese & Quantities these are working up for Abl- ' history. communities xo meet the 50 per cent hike in maximum day’s usage, Abilene must also, Freese said: 1. Provide additional storage few filtered five years He gave on water and sewer plans which his firm,    ,    .    $    „    , Nichols are working up for Abi-1 would use wouldn t materially ailing, ’    {feet Abilene’s requirements, the Freese will discuss his findings; engineer said. Working with them with the two water committees of I might strengthen Abilene’s hand j water; 2. complete installing an-Abllene Chamber of Commerce at in getting water rights, he added, j other pump already secured for 1*30 p. m. Friday at City Hall, j Abilene must be prepared to han- the Lake Fort Phantom Hill pump-The meeting will be in the City die a 50 per cent higher maxi-; jng plant. Commission room.    mum day’s water use within five; Fifty-five square miles of Dead- The engineer is to talk about the | years than the biggest to date, i    Creek’s    drainage area could elty’s sewage problem Saturday at, he said. Highest single day’s re-ijj^ diverted into Lake Fort Phan-8 a. m. with the sewage disposal j qulrement so far has been about    ¡jju j^r an estimated $150,000; committee of the C-C, at City 118 million gallons. Freese, there- CommiH'ee Hike After Passes State Pay Stormy Session By DAVE CHEAVENS AUSTIN. March 18    —    Gov. Shivers’ special session program drew its first direct fire today as tempers flared in a shouting, table pounding Senate Finance Committee meeting. After the smoke cleared, the committee voted unanimous approval of the state employes’ pay raise bill. This came after Sen. Jimmy Phillips, Angleton. stormed that backers of “the program” were “pressurizing committees” to push it through. Thus the Legislature’s first week closed with some static, but the governor’s recommendations for several institutions were in apparent good shape. The committee argument spluttered after the Senate had droned through a 16-mlnute session, then adjourned until Monday, joining the House In a long week-end recess. Phillips and Sen. Ottis Lock, Lufkin, chairman of the Finance Committee. tangled over a plan which Phillips urged as a guarantee of pay raises for low-paid state workers he said were left out in boosts granted last session. Phillips last night and until 1:45 a.m. today had held the same committee in session for eight hours questioning the governor’s $10,-687..500 building program. Ix)ck today said that some members are seeking to “delay and confuse” the special session. This brought a hot rejoinder from Phillips, who shouted: “What he’s really trying to tell you is that anyone who doesn’t do what the governor tells them to More from Austin on Pg. 2-A do is deterring progress. The time has come for independent action in this Senate in the face of the innuendo and almost open threats you’d better not oppose the program.” I.ock had defended the pay ral.se bill, saying it had been worked out with executives of the State Public Employes Assn. “It embodies their recommendations.” Ix)ck explained. “What Sen. Phillips 1« proposing would amount to double appropriating.” After the Phillips’ explosion. I.ock remarked that in the past Phillips had always been given a “free hand” in regard to appropriation* affecting hl.s district, Phillips voted with the committee majority for the pay raise bill after his proposed amendment had been rejected, 9-3. The Angleton senator said he was representing the low bracket state workers who couldn’t get away from their mop buckets and broom handles” to appear before the Legi.slature. He said he had rather see the state raise their pay than put out money for “air-conditioned rat rooms in hospitals.” “I didn’t hear anything about economy last night when you were putting up money to keep rats from getting pneumonia,” he stormed. Sweetwater Jury Gets Murder Case SWEETWATER. March 18. (RNS) —The fate of Ivory Gibson Jr., 19 - year - old Lubbock Negro, was In the hands of the jury here Thursday night as final arguments closed. The all - white jury will begin deliberations early Friday morning. The death penalty was sought. Gibson, charged with murder in the August 31. 19.53 slaying of 1-ub- THE WEATHER PLAINS DUSTY r. s. DEPARTMENT OF COMMKRCE WKATIIKR Bl’RKAi: ABILENE AND V.CINITY — Conilder-able cloudiness Friday night and Saturday Not much change in temperaturea. Possibly tome dust early Friday. High temperature Friday SIS to 80 degrees. Low Friday night AS. High Saturday near 6S. NORTH CFNTRAL TKXAS Partly cloudy, windy and colder Friday; Batur-day fair and not to cold in extreme northwest in afternoon WEST TEXAS Partly cloudy, windy and colder Friday: Saturday fair and not so cold In Panhandle and South Plains in afternoon EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Cloudy to partly cloudy and turning colder Friday Saturday partly cloudy and cool, fresh to strong south winds on coast, shifting to northerly Friday. TF.MPERATrRIH Thurs, A M    Thurs.    P M. M .    1    30    ..    «8 58      3    30    ..    87 88    .  ......  J    30    ------------ 68 87    . .......... 4    .10    ............ 67 57    ............ S    30    ............ 87 88    ............ 8    30    ............ « 80    ............ 7    30    ............ 64 63    ............ •    30    ............ «3 80    ............ 9    30    ........... 80 63 ............ 10    30    ............ 84    ..    11    30    ........... 84    13    30 High and low temperatures for 34 hours ended at 8 30 p m : 8tt and 83. High and low temperatures same data last year M and 58 Sunset last night 6 48 pm. Sunrise today 8 46 am. Sunset tonight 8 48 pm. Barometer reading tt 8:30 pm. 37 88 fore, sees • necgisity to fumlih'Stt CHANNELING, Pg. 3-A, Qol. 2 i R#i8U»§ humidity n i:30 pm- Wind Front May Stall A weak front moving down from the north may kick up more dust in the Abilene area early Friday, but there is a chance the front may stall just north of here, a U. S. Weather Bureau forecaster said Thursday night. There will be considerable cloudiness Friday night and Saturday but not much change in temperatures. High temperature Friday will be 55 to 60 degrees and the high Saturday near 65. Low Friday night will be 45. A high of 68 and a low of 53 were recorded for the 24-hour period ending at 6:30 p m. Thursday. The front at 9 30 p m. Thursday was between Amarillo and Lubbock. It had kicked up heavy dust that cut visibility to a quarter of a mile at Amarillo and Dalhart. If the front does not become stationary north of here it will arrive In Abilene with moderate wind«. A front that moved through Abilene from the west at 8 30 a.m. Thursday brought in dust on winds up to 28 miles an hour. A weatherman said Thursday night no rain was expected lor at least two daya. bot k Det. Ralph White, never took the stand Thursday. The state, led by Lubbock District Attorney Travis Shelton, rested its case at noon. After lunch the defense opened Its case and af-ter a stream of several character witnesses cIo.sed about 2 p.m. Judge A, S. Mauzey recessed the court until 7:30 p.m. while charges were being prepared. Then the summation began. Forrest Powers, assistant district attorney at Lubbock, opened for the state, followed by defense coun.sel Bill Tucker. ‘Circumitantlal’ Evidtnc* Eldon Mahon, Colorado City district attoniey. followed for the state. ’Then Weldon Kirk, Sweetwater. and A. W. Salyers of I.ubbock wound up the defense pleading. Their main contention was that the “circumstantial evidence” pre-sented by the state does not Justify the extreme penalty. Testimony in the two - day trial revealed that no one actually saw Gibson fire the fatal shot. The gun found in his possession was Iden-tined Thursday as the death gun by Fred Rymer of Austin, state ballistics expert. Last witness for the state was Mrs. Dorothv White, widow of the slain man. She was under great emotional stress and her testimony was halted several times by sobs. Shelton closed arguments with another plea for death for “the little colored boy with the big gun.”___ Aged Doctor Dies MINERAL WEIXS. March 18 Ul»—Dr. J. H. McCracken, 86. who practiced here 50 years and headed the Texas State Medical AiSQ. In 19U^ cUed today. chamber when the roll call on the income tax reduction at last got under way. Adding to the suspense over this hot election year is.sue, nine members reversed themselves after casting votes for or against the Democrats’ proposal.    I Rep. Fulton (H-# why. .Speaker Martin (R-Mass) went on record as being opposed without voting. Only nine Democrats in the House voted against It. Reps. Martin Dies of Lufkin, O. C. Fisher of San Angelo. Brady Gentry of Tyler and J. Frank WU-, „ - ,    .    Ron    of    Daiias voted against the mo- Reps. Ken Reagan nt MWIand told him sharply speech-making were “paired” against it. Texas’ other 16 congressmen vot-was out of order. Fulton shniggedie^ for the motion, and said in that case he’d vote Dies, who Is congressman-at-with the Republicans,    large, was the only Texan who Demos Won’t Quit    voted against both the recommital Democrats weren’t giving up. : motion and against final passage They planned to try again in the |0f the bill. The bill passed by a vote Senate, where Sen. (¡eorge tD-,af 3.39 to 80 — although the recom-Ga) is s|K)nsoring a proposal to|mltaI motion was defeated by the raise Individual exemptlon.s to narrow margin of 210 to 204. $800 this year and $1,000 next year, j Fisher, Wilson. Reagan, Lyle and Privately, some Democrats said Gentry who had opposed the re-they may have gained more po-1 cominltal motion all cast vote.s for litical capital from today’.s defeat final passage of the hill, than if they had won—the idea Here is how the other Texans, l>oing they now can use the tax ' nii «f vihom had supported the re-cut defeat as a campaign argu-i comrnital motion, lined up on the ment against the Republlrans in I vote on final passage. the November election. Coupled with the Democrats’ proposal- and defeated along with it—was a move to knock out of the tax hill a cut in the tax on dividends from corporation stock. The saving to taxpayers: 240 million dollars this year, up to 814 millions when It reaches full effect. Democrats centered their fire on Against final passage Reps. Jack Brooks of Beaumont. W. R. Poage of Waco. Sam Rayburn of Bonham. Olin K. Teague of Bryan and Wright Patman of Texarkana. For final passage: Reps. Burleson. .Vlbert Thoma.s of Hou.ston. Clark Thompson of Galveston Walter Rogers of Pampa, George .Mahon of Colorado City, John Dow- thls proimsal. calling the tax pro- J/ gram a “giveaway” to the wealthy f «''J,    Frank Ikard of Uichi- and contending it.s provisions as ta t'aRs. poyd M. Bentsen of Me-a whole would provide up to 3^4 ^ A.len. and Paul J. Kilday of San billions of dollars in benefits to; Antonio, corporations and wealthy indlvid- *    R«'P- Homer Thornberry of Aus- uals in years to come.    I thi, who is In Texas because of the Of the nine Democrats who voted death of his wife’s bndher, was against the income tax cut, four on record as supporting the recom-were Texans—Reps. Wilson. Dies, {mital motion but w as not recorded Gentry and Fisher.    Ion final passage of the bill. MEET THROUGH PRISON B.\RS—-Miss Constance Keehn, 22-year-old Sherman Oaks, Calif., girl, meets Don Jesse Neal, 24, convicted of murder, in the visitors* room at Utah State Prison in Salt Lake City. It was the first meeting between the two after they had corresponded for several months. Miss Keehn said she hoped to aid Neal in escaping a Utah firing squad. He has been sentenced to death but court appeals have delayed the execution. ;