Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 19, 1944, Abilene, Texas
• Fear NazisInundate Holland To Slow Up Invasion Of Allies
RED CROSS WAR FUND • CAMPAIGN BOX SCORE County quota $69,000.00
Contributions Saturday $6,383.29 0 Contributions to date $52,425.25
eTje Abilene Reporter -Betas
See Story Col. 4 and 5
WITHOUT OR WTI ll OF FIS SE IO FRIE SDS OR ROIS \\ I SKI ICH YOl'R WORTH EXACTLY VS 11 GORS'-Byron
VOL. LXIII, NO. 273 '
A TEXAS 2—u* NEWSPAPERABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 19, 1944 THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Pm* (AP) United Pm* (UP.)PRICE FIVE CENTSRAF. Americans Hammer Reich
•BOMB 960 MILES FROM TOKYO
* Doolittle's Raiders Only Rallies Boost
• Bombers Advancing DeeperRed Cross Fund
By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor cd Pressing against the Japanese from northeast jynd southwest, Americans dropped bombs 960 miles from Tokyo in the deepest penetration yet of Nipponese soil by land-based bombers and also carved two airfields out of the jungles behind enemy lines in Burma.
JI — 1 A solitary Aleutian - based
Army bomber Thursday attacked Matsuwa island in the Kurile chain reaching northwest from Japan proper. Aside from Maj. Gen. James Doolittle's carrier raid on Tokyo, no American bomber Capt Allan Pl Markowitz. 2t>. of has been so close to the heart
Abilene cousin of A Sch«un and of Nippon. It was one of a
Mrs. H Whitman, was killed in ac- dozen bombing raids in the
$ tion in Italy Fed 6, while serving Pacific, extending over 3,100 as a medical battalion commander miles, reported yesterday bv in the 36th 'Texas* division. Adm. Chester W. Nimitz.
Orphaned in early childhood, he Oxer the Pacific American bomb-
hi. roil tm \fr ers made three strikes at the Kurile
mas reared rn ms cousin, Mr. ,
I islands, four at the Central Paci-a Schfin, local merchant, who mas fk. MarshftUs and tvo in the East-
his guardian. He resided in Abilene prn Carolines. All planes returned. 12 years before entering high school Nimitz said.
Abilene Officer Dies in Action
at Kemper Military school. Follow-
( APT. ALLAN
M i. KUI UTZ
ing graduation there he entered the university of Texas and had taken his Doctor of Medicine degree and finished interneships in City hospital of Cleveland, O. and Bradford a Memorial hospital of Dallas when ^ he entered the Army in July 1941 Captain Markowitz had served in Africa, fas with the 36th when it became tl> first American group to land on European continental soil at Salerno. He aho fought in the £ Rapido bridgehead battle near Cassino.
He is survived by his wife, Sue Reich Markowitz of Cleveland Heights, O . a sister. Jeanette Pillar of Hollywood, Calif., and a brother. John, of Pecos.
San Antonio Gets Major Air Center
SAN ANTONIO, March 18—/PX— W San Antonio, after April 15 will be the largest, air forces center in the entire United States, according to a telegram Saturday, received from Paul J. Kilday, member of Congress from this district.
fThe congressman reported that the entire army air forces installations at Miami Beach, Fla . consisting of officer candidate schools and basic training units are being moved to SanAntonio beginning Saturday Personnel approximating 20.000 $ is to he involved.
Paramushiro. Kurile naval base, mas bombed twice, and Shumushu. northernmost of the Kuril#*, mas hit three times b' Aleutian-based planes Wednesday and Thurs-< day.
In striking at Mazuma. American airmen by-pa*«ed half a dozen of the 36 odd inlands of the Kurile* which lead like a row of stepping stones toward Tokyo. The new target is more than 156 miles closer to Tokyo than Paramushiro.
Four atolls mere attacked In the Marshalls, while to the southwest Kusaie. easternmost of the Carolines, was attacked for the eighth time this month and Oroluk raided for the fourth time this week. They are eastern outposts of Truk, pivot of Japan’s Central Pacific defense.
Tank-led American soldiers drove against the elaborate defenses of the town of Lorengau. last Japanese stronghold in the admiralty islands, guarding the northern entrance to the Bismarck sea Tile attack started Fridav noon, general MacArthur reported today, dismounted cavalrymen pressing on from Lorengau airdrome in the third dax of their invasion of Manus island. In some places they cracked the well-prepared defeases.
South Pacific air forces heavily raided Rabaul. New Britain, and nearbv Kaviong. New Ireland, on the eastern flank of the Bismarck sea. On the west Wewak was blast-; cd for the seventh straight day and for the second successive time offered no air opposition.
Night bombers ranging over Dutch New Guinea caught a Japanese conine off the port of Holland!*. Two 6 000 ton freighters, large ships for this area, were damaged
LITTLE ROCK. March 18—dp— Hugh D Wallace of Little Rock was elevated to the presidency of the Federal Home loan Bank of Little Rock at a meeting of the board of directors today. The former vice president and secretary succeeds Benjamin H Wooten who resigned to become vice president of the Republic National Bank. Dallas.
Red Cross war fund drivel contributions Iii t $52,425.25 Saturday night thanks to the untiring efforts of Maj. David Evans, MRTC special service officer, the MRTC bandsmen, the spontaneous response to many West Texas shoppers in the business sections and the alert work of Red Cross workers.
It was Red Cross rally day downtown and 4hr folk who jammed the streets at ain of tile five locations were Major Evans and his Red Cross lineup set up 'business" learned— if they didn’t know before — just why it is so important for Taylor county to reach its quota of $69,000 in this home front campaign.
The day’* r n n t r i h ii I I n rn amounted lo $6.383.29—of which $1,853.78 wa* directly attributed to the rallies.
That figure mav not sound like a lot of monev, said Roscoe Blanker..'-hip vice (battman of tilt drive. but it represented contributions we likely would not have gotten otherwise — largely contributions from I youngsters as well a - grow nups who had previously donated to the cause.
"How much does America mean to you?" Major Es’a rn asked as Red Cross workers took Abilenians’ answers in pledge" and cash ranging I downward from the $100 mark.
"Will you help brir.R a bov back , from Italy?" he asked. "You aren't making a sacrifice — the 36th division is the only unit representing you in real sacrifice.
"It s all right for my boys and the 12th divi ion. and for your boys to go to war, but what are you doing to bring them hark when the war i* over? When is America going to realize we're in a war, anyway?" he demanded.
"And who told you we had this i war cinched? Some folks are actual-lv contrndine the 36th division, and those other bom. will be home for Christmas. What Christmas " he asked? "The was isnt won. yet; and may I ask; What good is your money if we lose it?"
Major Evans interviewed small children before the microphone, accepting their dollars for the Red j Crass, while members of the Red
See RLI) ( ROSS, Pg. 4, ( ol. I
Sugar for Canning Available Again
WASHINGTON, March 18 -/PISOR ar for home canning, the Office of Price Administration advised today. will be available to housewives at the same rate as last year—a maximum of 25 pounds for each family member.
Five pounds of the allotment can be obtained with Sugar stamp 40 in War Ration Book 4 already validated. Beginning next Thursday local ration boards will grant certifi- I cates for an additional supply, up to 20 pounds a person.
OPA "aid that the maximum supplementary ration will be allowed only to families who have large amounts of fresh fruits available
WOUNDED COLORADO PRIVATE BACK
TEMPLE. March 18—(Ab— Five additional battle-scarred Texans, all members of the 36th division, arrived at the Army’s McCloskey General hospital here yesterday.
They were pfr Alfred O. H. Leal, Boerne: Pfe. Lay IV. Moreland. Lorena; Pfr. William J. Svohnria, shiner; Pfr. .lark L. Mize, ( nlnradn f tty, and Sgt. Curd* L. Oswalt. Killeen.
f Leal was wounded by mortar ihrepnel near Fan Pietro Der is He was hit in the right arm and shoulder when his unit stormed enemy positions.
Moreland has been with the 36th since it w as mobilised. His company * commander w as Captain Guy Rogers of Waco. He received a bullet wound through the right hand December 8 at Venefro while engaged rn close fighting with the enemy.
Mize, 22. wa* hit by both grenade fragments and bullets December 16. He received countless wounds in both legs. left arm. left foot, both hips and his back.
Oswalt was wounded in the right arm and shoulder September 16 near Alta Villa The sergeant wa* a member of the Belton company Two brothers Grady and Gilbert. are in the Army.
Svoboda had participated in every battle from Salerno to Cassino where he suffered an attack of appendicitis Dec 7. He was taken to an evacuation hospital 30 miles from the front lines and an operation was performed Dec 9 His brother. Louis, a member of his own company, is still over there fighting with the 36th.
DUTC H LOWLANDS—Black areas on map are parts of the Netherlands that lie below sea lex el. Dutch sources say German occupation forces could ami would flood these areas to counter an Allied invasion. Besides land actually below sea level, other sections could he put under water by diverting rivers into lowlying stretches. (AP Wirephoto).
ACT WOULD UNDO WORK OF CENTURIES BY DUTCH
Bv ADRIAAN K. VAN RILMSDIJK
'Aneta Special Correspondent)
(Written for The Associated Press)
LONDON, Mar. 18—Fears that the Nazi* "ill destroy the Netherlands' complex drainage system, undoing the oork of centuries and placing more than half of Holland under water. ha\r been arouved by reports that some coastal areas already have been flooded as a defense measure against Allied invasion.
Bemaster Polder 'Polders are areas reclaimed from the sea by drainage' in North Holland proximo just north of Amsterdam, is reported already under water Dutch citizens on tile Zeeland and South Holland islands—as well as the population in parts of Belgium's Flanders—have been ordered evacuated in preparation for flooding there.
Thus, it appears, the Germans plan to flood wide areas In Holland, and undoubtedly will destroy any ground which might conceivably be of use to an Allied invasion force.
Should the Germans succeed in these plans, they would be reversing what the Hollanders tried to do in the defense of their country against the Wehrrnacht.
The Netherlands armv had mapped plans to inundate a strip of land extending in a north-south direction from the Zuider Zee down to the Meuse and Waal rivers, thus cutting Hie Germans off from Ute important coastal provinces of North and South Holland the site of almost all the principal cities.
Hut the Germans employed treachery, and Nazi saboteur* prevented the Dutch arm' from carrying out its plans
Now It appear* that a much greater part of Holland ma' be put under water.
The Germans could and probably would flood everything that the Dutch intended to inundate. and in addition the very portions which the Netherlander.* hoped to seal off from the Germans including practically all North and South Holland and Zeeland provm < s as well as parts nj Groningen and Friesland Besides those areas actually below sea level, other .sections also can be put under water by diverting the rivers to some stretches of low-lying land.
2 West Texans Norther, Rain Get DFC Awards Hits Abilene
LONDON. Mar. 18 (AP) — The Red army pouring unchecked through the broken German front in the Ukraine captured Yampol on the Dniester river border of prewar Rumania today and announced the near destruction of the German Sixth army, with more than 50,000 Nazi casualties, in an 11-day battle northeast of Nikolaev.
The Russians listed 36.800 Germans killed and 13.859 captured in the rout of the sixth army, reconstituted since its historic capitulation at Stalingrad The official British government radio after announcing the news that the Russians had reached Rumania broad* ast a warning to that Axis Satellite lo get out of tile war "at once."
The Russian* announced a resounding aerie* of surcease* on all three I krainian front*, from Duhno in pre-war Poland down to the encircled Black sea port of Nikolaev, in two order* of the day bv Marshal Stalin. the regular nightly communique and a special communique issued In rapid succession.
Tonight thev wert pursuing 40 to 50 German divisions aero*** the muddy Ukraine farmlands,
The victory over the Jinxed German sixth army was one of the most notable of Ute war, tile Russians listing nine German divisions as liquidated, another so badly cut up it could not fight and ten others soundly whipped but still retaining what the spec .a1 communique called "some fighting capacity"
Tile remnants of this army were declared now fleeing we tward individually or in small groups
Identify Body Of Barkeley GI
Frankfurt Objective Of Main Air Raids
LONDON, Sunday, Mar 19 (AP)—British bombers attacked Germany to strength last night -with Frankfurt as their main objective—in a heaw followup to the daylight stab into Southern Germany bv American F ix ing Fortresses and Liberators. —
Bodv of soldier found on a ranrh near Camp Berkeley in January has been idem it led as Charles w Kinney, member of Co. G, 338th infantry. 90th division,
Ut. Col Na.*by W. Bolling. Camp Barkelev intelligence officer, yesterday disclosed that the identification was established through a check of dental work and other mean* Colonel Bolling said the cause and the exact time of the death were undetermined and that there was no evidence to support the theory of any fpul play I Camp officials said the death might have been c aused by heat exhaustion or heart failure Tile soldier’.* home address was Corrv, Pa. His motlier is Mrs Dell Kinnev .who lives at 106 1-2 Brooke street, in Corry.
Ll. William R Derr left Abilene vesterdav as attendant accompanying the body to Corry,
The bodv was found on the Tom Drummond ranch about Hire/ miles north of View on Jan. 24 A rifle found on the ranch the preceding day by John O* on. a ranch hand, led to Hie discovery of the body bv t amp ; officials. He had reported finding the rifle to the ranch owner who advised Camp Barkeley officials.
The American operation against industrial installations at Augsburg, Friedrich-shafen and other targets cost 43 U. S. bombers and IO fighters.
The U. S. attacking force was referred to in the communique as being "in very great strength" It was estimated at nearly 2.000 planes including the Lightnings Thunderbolts and Mustangs whi< h furnished the escort.
It wa* learned authoritatively early todav thai night raider* of the British bomber rom-mand had *wrpt over the Ret* h.
frankfurt, their main objective. is the home of man' treat factories including aircraft plant* and I* the center of the German chemical industry.
Tile citv was hit Iasi Tuesday by RAF MaMjuita*. It received it.-, lad blow from heavy bombers on Feb.
1 25 and a week before that U. S. Flung Fortresses made a heavy attack on its industrial ta:get* American fighters in vest e rd av’s operation*, destroyed 39 enemy planes, but the numbei of Nazi interceptors to fall before the gun.* of the bombers was not annoumed I he escorting fighters represented both the U. S. Eighth and Ninth Air Forces.
It was announced tha* some of the American bomber formations encountered comidrrable enemy fighter opposition,"
Besides Augsburg sud Friedrtch-ahafen, military targets also were hit at Lechfeld, Ijindsberg and Oberpfoffenhof fen.
The lo** wa* the heaviest for 4 mer icau da'tight raider* since the March 6 attack on Berlin which cost *>8 heavy bomber*. However, at least 13 plane* missing from ted ay * .IOU-mile penetration into I drupe were reported to have landed safely in Swit /erland.
Augsburg, a renter of aircraft engine manufacture, has been pounded heavily before and on Feb, 25 was a target for both a daylight attack bv U £. bombers and two separate blows bv the RAF at night.
It iv 30 miles northwest of Munich.
West Texans Listed As Wounded in Italy
R-.Kg? John H Newsome and Pfe Robert H Talley both of Sweetwater, and Sgt. Toliver Tucker of Cisco, Ila vc been wounded in the Mediterranean area, it has been announced bv the War department. tile United Press ds closed last night Sgt. Newsome ha* a wife Mi* Georgia R Newome at Sweetwater while Pie. Tallev lifted his lather J. Talley as the next of kin.
Sgt Tucker gave his motlier’* name, Mr* Mabell H Tucker, as hi* next of kin.
Fifth Inching Through Cassino
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples, March 18 -«V Shock troop* of the Fifth Army inched grimly ahead, house by house, in ruined Cassino today, braving attacks by Nazi dive-bombers, deadly volley* from small arm* and rnmt-blank fire from 170-millimeter (6 69-inch) gun*.
Up In th? Anrio beachhead fh« Allied Medi'erranean Air Fore# roared ba ■►. into tile battle in force, wave after wave of bomber* blasting at German positions ringing th# perimeter of 'he Allied foothold.
Fighting furiously from every point of shattered masonry from which cuns could be brought to bear the Allied force' in Cassino were slowly pushing the Germans from their warrens in the southwester# pa:* of lie town in the ai ca of the railroad station now held bv th# A lit*'*
rile st rend i of the enemy force* remaining In Cassino wa* difficult to gunge The* wtre clinging to rave* tn the side of the Monte Cassino to the we.** and southwest at well as to a al/’.abl# numb’'!' of reinforced concrete emplacements and broken buildings in the fringe of th# town.
Today heavy bombers fought through strong enemy defense to at. tank Udine airfield in northeastern Italy and four nearb'- field* -VU. lorba Manlago, Livariano and Gorilla Pilots said heavy damage wa# inflicted on the firld* and German planes (aught as they sought to take off.
t » or e se i hint or <omm»rce " I X T HI K Bl at St SBH I sr VMI VK IMT) si .istle • 'suit, and i un *i it ar a h I > c»i*l*r Sundae. Parti' * linda* n**bl and Mea*
d * i. Center 'until night I r » * h to er. ra'innat atrnnt wind'
r VSI II XX* vt natl e -Iou dr and rnnaldei a hi v tooler in n*r*h and ventral pnrllnns Send*' 'haniri In >niilhra'l and ea*t central pnr'mps. I'aril.I cloud! Sundae ni«h( and Mon-rial ( soler in »outh and central par* 'inn* S linda i nirht, ll irmer Mnndae in un! and north portions ) resit te oi • a %ional '* rent winds
" I - T TI XX* Most'v .loads sandal (older except in Panhandle I* sri* I cloud' 'linda' in»h I and Mnndav. Warmer Mondn I resh lo strong winds.
TI W r » »! * I I RI S SM I rl. MOIR sal PM rrt.
High and law temperatures to ft p rn and 4?.
High and low tame date taal
tear HR and ill
Sunset last night I Pi Snntise this mamma * 44. sunset tonight I va
TEMPLE. March 18— 7’— “Mr
Dinky," a foe of the Gremlins, arrived here yesterday
Tech Sgt. Bensing Webster a gunner on a R-24 with 39 combat missions to his credit in the Southwest Pacific, came to MeClnskev Genera! Ho-pi tai here with the coveted charm.
“Mr, Dink' ’ is an ugly piece ,-f metal, looking somewhat, like a laughing toad
Said Web ter. who ? hometown is Huntington, Iud. "T m really- no* too superstitious, but I would go ; on a mission without my chute rather than leave Mr Dinky be-, hind."
Natives of certain islands of the Pacific covet the charm because of its mythical ability to ward off dis-! aster
Nearly ail returning combat airmen carn the tiny medal, Webster I said.
The War departir.cn* announced Saturday award to two West Central Texans the Distinguished Flung Cross
The recipients were Capt William M Roberts of Sweetwater and 1st Lt. Imnan G. Jobe, 104 West 16th St., Big Spring Both of the men named members of the U. £ Army Eighth Bomber Command in England, have <oni-pleted at least 25 combat missions in Flying Fortress, ovn enenr -occupied Europe, said the announcement. ^
Big Spring Officer In Cavalry Promoted
WASHINGTON, March 18 /p.
The war department today announced the following temporary promotions of Texas officers: Second Lt. to First Lt Belton—Rav Wood Mulhollan. inf Big Spring Norman Floyd Priest, cav. 509 Nolan.
Following a dav of summer weather which saw a high temperature reading of 72 degrees at 4 p rn., a Gulling norther blew into Abilene late yesterday afternoon pushing tile mercury down 13 degrees in j five hours.
The temperature stood at 40 degrees a- 10:30 last night, thirty minutes after pelting rain from tow hanging clouds began falling Tile sudden norther .truck 'hr city at 5:30 after a day of variable winds
The city weather bureau repoi'ei ; no wind at I p m but by IO 30 last | night the velocity had reached 32 j mile* per hour
Standing at 70 degrees at 5:30, when the wind switched from the east to the north, tile temperature dropper! 13 degree to 57 during 'he j next hour The fall vpraged f°ur degrees an hour until 10:30 The forecast for today promised colder weather but no livestock I warnings had been issued.
Scurry County Tops Red Cross Quota
SNYDER March 18 — <SpD — Scurry county is over the top in the Red Cross drive with a total of $ 12,'250 against a quota of $12,100, announced Chairman E O Wedge-worth
The Hermleigh community raised a total of $1,305 against a quota of $1.293 75 canyon community $214.25 against $213 75. Arah $74 against $52 50. Dunn $380 agami $378.7,5 and Woodward went mer with a total of $71 15,
The city of Snyder topped its quota w nil last minute contributions made to Red Cross ladies working late in Uke business sections.
HOUSTON, March 18 r HR Yates of Dallas was reelected pres-idem of the Texas Credit (’mon league at the organization's second annual war conference today.
ALBANY SERGEANT KILLED IN ACCIDENT IN ENGLAND
ALBANY. March IR St Mf Sgt Eugene G Gilhgan of Albany was killed In an aircraft accident in England. March 7, according to a telegram received this morning bv his wife from the War department
Sergeant Gilligan, USAF «6 Heav Bomber Squadron, had been
n\ ci si as about, three months.
Volunteering for service Sept 9,
1 9 4 2, Sergeant*
Gilligan received! ba 'ic training at«.
Duncan field. San Antonio From there he went to Lubbock Army air • field for eight months and then to Laredo Air base where he completed the course GII Lf GAN in aerial gunnery, received hi* wings and was promoted to sergeant.
From La.edo lie wen' to Salt Lake where he nu assigned to a
crew and sent to Boise. Id cho for six wr»ks bombing training Hr had three months additional training in Casper. Wyoming, and then nu sent to Topeka, Kan,
Sergeant Gilligan shipped in November and reached England on Dec 14. 1943 Born in Brookville. Pi- June 2. 1910, he was a grad’!**? of Brookville high school. i ant# to Albany with the Heap- Drilling company In Febmarv and later was employed b> *he Groove! and Ro*# Oil contractor*
He was married to Mary BsU§ Parsons in Albany Jan 29. 1938 Survivor* include hts wife: his parent' Mr. and Mrs J. e Gilligan of Brookville. Pa five sisters and three brothers. Sophronia Gilligan and Clarence of Brookville. Robert of Warren. Ohio; Sgt Edward Gilligan of Fresno, Calif. Mr" Dave Honadle, Erie, Pa. Mr*. Walt Schmidt of Media, Pa Mrs Willi# Hile and Mrs. Harman Hohe, Pittsburgh, Pa.