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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 17, 1938, Abilene, Texas Wij/t Abilene Sporter "WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES "-Byron VOL. LYU, NO. 299. AmmUM Pkm (Aft ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 17, 1938 —TWELVE PAGES CHM Prat (UP) PRICE 5 CENTSHull Urges Arms For Protection Against World ‘Lawlessness’ WASHINGTON, March 17.—<**>— Secretary of State Hull, declaring America must hold to lta rights and its quest for world peace, laid down today a policy of arming for protection against “international lawlessness." “It is my considered judgment that, in the present state of world affairs, to do less than is now proposed would lay our country open to unpredictable hazards," he said, referring to the naval expansion program. Hull treated, in measured phrases, every aspect of the world situation in an address before the National Press club. His speech wrent over an international radio hookup to a world disturbed by the spectre of war in Europe and Asia. "The momentous question," he said, “is whether the doctrine of force will become enthroned once more and bring in its wake, inex orable. international anarchy and a relapse into barbarism." EXPOUNDS PEACE POLICY The cablet officer, as America's chief foreign minister expounded a policy of peace, no alliance, collaboration with peaceful nations, military preparations, and opposition to the seclusionist viewpoint.” "We may seek to withdraw from participation in world affairs,” he said, “but we can not thereby withdraw from the world itself. Isolation is not a means of security; it is a fruitful source of insecurity." Hull expressed “our deep concern over the rising tide of lawlessness, the growing disregard of treaties, the increasing reversion to the use of force, and the numerous other ominous tendencies which are emerging in the sphere of international relations.” He did not refer to any nation by name, but his implication with regard to legal recognition of Austria* absorption by Germany and Japan's expansion in China was clear to his listeners when he said: “To waive right and to permit interests to lapse in the face of their actual or threatened violation—and thereby to abandon obligations—in any important area of the world, can serve only to encourage disregard of law and of the basic prln-! ciples of international order, and thus contribute to the inevitable, spread of international anarchy I throughout the world.” TO PROTECT CITIZENS Secretary' Hull, flanked by offi- j cials of the state department, said j this go\ ?rnment would continue to j protect its citizens and interests abroad and would not withdraw in the face of violations of international rights. The secretary came out strongly for an adequate armed force for this country: “In a world in which the rule of force has not as yet been firmly and surely supplanted by the rule of law, it is the manifest duty of a great nation to maintain armed forces adequate for its national defense. “No president and no congress have ever carried this country into war against the will of the peo ple," Hull said, declaring a war ref-* erendum “w?ould hopelessly handle cap the government in the conduct of our foreign relations.” “We w'ant to live in a world in which fruitful and constructive international relationships can serve as a medium for disseminating throughut the world the benefits of a material, spirrua; and moral progress of mankind."Revolt On Foreign Policy Imperils British Cabinet; France Orders Immediate Increase In Armaments CZECHS 'WILL FIGHT' INVASION Texas Mother Kills Six Of Children In Slumber Asserts Inability To Provide For Tots To Officers Center Woman To Be Charged With Murder CENTER, March 17.-(AP) —A mother who told officers she was ill and unable to provide for her family killed six of her nine children at a lonely farm home near here last night, kissing each of them goodbye before and after shooting them as they were sleeping. UNDER SENTENCE District Attorney Wardlow Lane said he would file murder charges against Mrs. Lillie May Curtis, 38, who vs* under a • 1 ve-y*»* suspended sentence for slaying her husband. Robert Curtis, 44. In 1935. The children ranged from five to 13 years of age. They were; Marcie Jack, five, boy. Margie Ree. seven. Robert, nine. Billie Burke, IO, girl. Gloria Jean, ll. T. O. Curtis. 13 Justice of the Peace Ben Eddins who returned an inquest verdict of “death at the hands of Lillie Mav Curtis" in each case, said the chif-drcn were lying dead In their beds in one room when he arrived at the scene Rbout midnight. Sheriff J. B. Sample was summoned by one of the older children, Travis, 16, who was spared, the mother said “because he could take care of himself." Sheriff Sample said he found the woman alone in the woods 400 yards from the scene of the slaughter. MOTHER S STATEMENT Lane said Mrs. Curtis in her statement to him said “I was unable to care for them, that is. not physically able and not able in the way of money. I had not undressed when I went to bed, and I was thinking kinda about killing them when I went to bed. I knew It was wrong to kill these children. I did not kill the oldest one (James Travis) because he is big enough See SLAYINGS, Pf. 12, Col 6 Minister Vladimir Hurban of Czechoslovakia informed the state department that his country “will fight" rather than follow the example of Austria. Czechoslovakia, he said, will not bow to German pressure. He is shown in Washington as he kept abreast of the European situation. Remodeling Starts On Old Jail Here Actual work on remodeling of the old Taylor county jail began Thursday morning. Scaffolding for outside work was taking shape at noon. The remodeling and enlarging of the building is being done as a WPA project with the county as sponsor. WPA will furnish slightly mole than $7,000. The county's part is $7,000, to be raised by sale of county warrants payable in 1939. L. P. Sugg is project superintendent. Employment for 70 men. part time. will be provided by the project for three months, a total of 176 man months of work being specified bv WPA.    * Of Lake Bonds Chicago And St. Paul Firms Bid High On Series The whole series B. second one ha-f of the $600 000 f ort Phantom Hill reservoir bond issue, was sold yesterday by the city of Abilene at 98.38 a total of $295,140 and accrued interest to date of delivery. The high offer was made by Richard C. Nongard, representing I Stifel, Nocolaus Co.. Inc, of Chi-j cago and Kalman & Co., of St. Paul. t Their bid of 98 38 on the whole series was .08 higher than the average the city received on series A : sold in lots of $100,000, the first at par, the second at 98 78 and the 'third at 96 13. The bids ranged downward to 95.25, with six bidders in the com-. petition. The sale, advertised for I blocks of $100,000 or the whole j $300,000, had attracted more attention than any of the three sales held to dispose of the first series. The city plans to make delivery of the bonds in about two weeks. A supplemental deed of trust, bringing the denture on the first See BONDS, Tg. 12, Col. 5 City Sells Last Seek Lubbock Man's Kidnaper Escapes Youth By Leap From Car In Ballinger A harrowing morning spent in the custody of a youthful hitchhikrr-kidnaprr and escape by jumping from a speeding automobile on a Ballinger business street was described early this afternoon by S. B. Bardwell. 52, Lubbock business man, Bardwell was talking by telephone to a member of the Abilene Reporter-News editorial staff. Meanwhile, officers, of Central West Texas were throwing a net over the highways in efforts to ratch the young bandit and to recover Bardwell* 1938 Chevrolet car. "I ':tt Lubbock about 7:30 o'clock this morning, and not far out of town. going to Post, I picked up a young fellow. I often pick up college boys." Bardwell, with home in Lubbock. is manager of the C. W. Post interests in Texas, head- Rec KIDNAP. Tg. 12, Col. 4 Blum Authorizes Additional Funds To Buy Planes Premier Presents New Ministry To Deputies PARIS, March 17.—(AP)— An immediate increase in French armaments in view of Europe’s war clouds was announced by Premier Leon Blum today as he presented his new people’s front government to the chamber of deouties. TO ASK MORE CREDITS Shortly before the announcement the cabinet authorized the defense ministers to make commitments for extraordinary armaments expenditures of 4.465.000.000 francs ($134,-000,000) mostly to buy new fighting planes. It also decided to ask parliament to open additional exceptional armaments credits. Blum told a crowded chamber that his government, formed only Sunday, was willing to go any length for peace, but he said cfr-cumstances compelled it to embark on an immediate new armaments program. “Steps to create these armaments will be taken at once.” Blum said, and he promised that “at the same time nothing will be left undone to organize and develop new means of production.” Pleading for support of his government in its first parliamentary test, the socialist premier said the German absorption of Austria had shaken Europe. His plea was received ooVily by most deputies, and political observers said a large element in the chamber was determined that Blum must give way in face of Frances present perils to a national union government. Blum insisted that French se-! curity and fulfillment of treaty ob-, liga'tons and the maintenance of European peace were not contradictory alms. I “We are ready to go the extreme of human effort to prove they are compatible." he declared. Stock Prices Soar On Ft. Worth Mart FORT WORTH. March 17.—(JP) —Hogs, fat yearlings, two-year old cattle and stocker calves on the market here today sold at the highest prices paid for these classes of livestock since November. Hogs set a top of 8 90, a gain of 15 cents over Wednesday's figures. Two carloads of well-fed cattle, one car of yearlings averaging about 900 pounds and one car of two-year-old steers averaging about 1.100 pounds made the 1938 peak of 9 25. A truck lot of stocker steer calves furnished the third high I point of the days trading with a , peak of 8 25. The Weather ABILENE and vicinity: Fair and wirm. night"'****' I''rl<lay e*rt,y cloudy, cooler to- Te*?,: ,Fair *n,1 warmer tonight: MrtkVntou    “°''r “ —' *« northwest portion by night. Highest temperature yesterday 74 Low-st temperature this mornln*.’ .50 PRESIDENT'S ASSISTANT ASSUMES DUTIES - - Enlarged Program Projected For Oil & Gas Ass n ?/ ii ' v "RL! PJll|P TE M PERA TURES Wed    Thur*. pm. am. 1      SS    64 2      71    54 3 ...... 72    S3 4      74    62 6  . «  . 7 ...... a ...... *  . 10 ...... n ..... Midnight Noon . . Sunrise . Sunset 7    pm. 7 at thermometer    71*    ai thermometer    . 52*    43* 23    62 FAIR Dry Wet Relative humidity 52 51 50 53 56 aa 72 sa ......75 .....8:46 6:48 12:39 p rn. 78-sa* >2 An enlarged program scope for the activities of the West Central Texas Oil & Gas association was projected today by J C. Watson, newly appointed assistant to the organization's president. Watson, manager of the Graham chamber of commerce for the past four years, assumed duties of his new office this morning at {he association’s headquarters in the Mims building Primary objective of the a.socia-tion will be the securing of a representative membership among all oil operators, drilling contractors, royalty owners aud others who are directly or indirectly interested in the oil business. As assistant to the president. J. C. Hunter. Watson will push this membership throughout the district and work on an enlarged program of service to associate members and to the oil operators. We shall try to use the association in such a way a« to help com- J. C. WATSON munities gain more benefits from the oil industry, to enable them to obtain greater results from the exploration and development of this region'! natural resources, and to bring a closer relationship between the industry and the citizenship of this district.” Watson said. The membership campaign will be carried gradually through communities of this area. Tile association will work through the oil development committee of each town s chamber of commerce or through other representative agencies. Plan of the campaigns will be similar to that conducted earlier in the year in Abilene. The chamber of commerce oil commit tee. sponsor of the drive here, reported completion of its quota of associate members recently with a total of 600 business men registered, largest for the district. Original goal of the association See PROGRAM, Pg. IX, Col 4 Over 300 Killed As Rebel Planes Bomb Barcelona Loyalist Capital Is Subjected To Nine Air Raids Allred To Reveal Decision On Third Term In Broadcast APPEALS FOR AID AUSTIN, March 7. —(AV-Governor James V. Allred said today he would answer the politically important question of whether he will seek a third term in a 15-mlnute radio address Saturday night. The chief executive still would not give any indication of what his talk would contain. Capitol opinion was divided. The broadcast will be over the Texas Quality Network, beginning at 9 o'clock. “Will your address answer all questions ” the governor was asked at his daily press conference. “I don't know what all the questions are," he countered. “Will there be more guessing afterward*" *”>me *ne inquired. “Oh. no," he replied. Allred would become the first governor in Texas history to seek election for a third full term if he should decide to run. Allred said he would broadcast his Saturday night address from the governor's mansion. Abilene To Court On Airport Land Hearing Fails To Bring Accord On Purchase Price J A. MUlerman, T. R. Hamilton and Dr. J. G. Dodge, special commissioners apopinted by County Judge Lee R. York to determine the value of 9.95 acres of land the city of Abilene is seeking to buy from John and Lewis Wise, conducted a hearing Thursday morning in the county court room in an effort to arrive at a fair valuation of the land in question. Failing to agree with the Wise brothers on purchase price of the 9.95 acres, the city instigated condemnation proceedings. The special commission was in turn appointed and at the conclusion of hearings and a close studv of the land involved, the commissioners will make a report to Judge York. fixing a fair value for the land in dispute. The land being condemned is needed for extensions to present run-way* of the municipal airport. One tract contains 157 acres, the other 8 58 acres. The city offered the owners *100 per acre but the offer was rejected The Wise brothers have not definitely set a See LAND, Pg. 12, Col. 5 City Begins Task Of Gathering Up Victims' Bodies BARCELONA, March 17.— (AP)—Nine insurgent air raids took well over 300 lives last night and today in this metropolitan capital. One bomb shattered windows in the United States embassy. EMBASSY IS SHAKEN Hundreds were wounded in a scries of bombardments which shook the city at intervals during 16 hours. Casualty lists were incomplete. A bomb fell near the United States embassy in the ninth raid. which cam* at 1:50 p. rn —the third daylight assault. The building was jarred and windows were blowm in. Col. Stephen O. Fuqua, military attache, alone in the building at the time, was shaken but not hurt. Charge D’Affaires Walter D .Thurston said new temporary quarters would be taken immediately. Hospitals were still too busy caring for the wounded to issue an official count of the dead but private sources estimated between 50 and 60 died in the ninth rain of bombs. Deaths in the previous eight bombardments had been set at 284. Thousands of persons were on the streets when Generalissimo Francisco Francos airmen struck for the ninth time. DAYLIGHT ATTACKS Hie stricken city was cleaning up the debris, gathering bodies and caring for the wounded of six nighttime attacks when the daylight bombardment started. At 7:45 a. rn. (2:45 a. rn., CST) came a new rain of death from the skies. Rescue squads rushed out to probe the debris only to be driven See AIR RAID, Pg. 12. CoL 4 FD Picks Group To Study Rail Problem WASHINGTON, March 17.—(JP) —White House officials, describing tile railroad financial situation as critical, announced today President Roosevelt had named three members of the interstate commerce commission as a special committee to formulate recommendations for immediate action by congress. Chairman Walter M. W. Splawn and Commissioners Joseph B. Eastman and Charles D. Mahaf-fie were named on the committee at a conference on railroad problems attended by representatives of railroads, labor, financiers and tile government. I $11 To Milk Fund; More Needed Now Eleven dollars in donations to the, PT A Milk Fund was reported this morning by Mrs. Edith C. Smith, j secretary-treasurer. Donors and gifts were: Women's Bible class, j First Baptist church, $5; College Heights PTA, $5; anonymous, $1. Mrs. Smith again called attention to the fact $40 to $50 more money ! must be received to pay milk bills at the end of the month. Bigamy Admitted; Man Gets 2 Years I BAIRD. March 17.— Spl >—On a plea of guilty Fiances U. Bourland charged with bigamy was assessed two years in state prison by Judge M. S. Long of 42nd district court 1 here today. Bourland abandoned wife and children in Eastland county and married a Ca Hall an girl, the state charged. Premier Juan Negrin (above) of Spain told France that the Spanish government force* cannot hold out against the insurgent drive unless immediate aid is given, it was revealed In Pari* He appealed for SOQ planes and large quantities of munitions. Caspe Falls To Rebel Troops Reinforcements Are Rushed Up From Alcaniz HENDAYE. France, at the Spanish frontier, March 17.—(Ay-Spanish insurgents reported today they had driven the last government defenders from Caspe and had occupied the town in their eastward march toward the Mediterranean. Dispatches from Burgos, seat of Generalissimo Francisco Franco's government, said Caspe was taken with the aid of reinforcements rushed up from Alcaniz. advance point of the insurgent drive menacing the government-held coast. Earlier government reports said government forces southeast of Caspe rallied and smashed through insurgent lines to relieve their bc-leagured garrison there. They said then the insurgents’ drive had been stopped and Franco's troops had been forced to turn back to smother resistance on their left flank. The Madrid communique said government forces held the hospital and also the old Chateau of the knights of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem In the strategic town a: the fork of the Ebro and Guadalupe rivers, 50 miles from the Mediterranean. The insurgent command sent new reinforcements of artillery speeding up the old Roman road from Alcaniz to Join the motorized shock troops already dispatched to Caspe. Insurgent officers at Irun, who said the town had been surrounded for 24 hours, received military dispatches this morning stating simply that troops were endeavoring to "complete" the encirclement. BEST IRISHMAN OF ALL— Episcopal Rector Observes St. Patrick's Day By Giving Shamrocks To Friends Norris Favors Bill WASHINGTON, March 17.—(JP) -Senator Norris dnd-Neb) told the senate today that he opposed limiting the power of the president to reorganize government bureaus despite the fact that the TV A could be Included in such a shakeup. And begorra, ’tis St. Patrick's day. The time when all good Irishmen will be a-wearin’ o' the green. And the best Irishman of them all today was the Rev. Willis P Gerhart, Episcopal rector. His friends were receiving shamrocks from his parish house yard today— shamrocks he had calefully tended —like a son of old Erin, despite that German sound of his name and the guess of many of his friends that he is of English descent. They know that he is a Virginian, but Mr. Gerhart himself, could not be contact ed for details on his family—he was out giving away shamrocks, t*.e Irish good luck charms. There were many odd twists as the day progressed. A couple of newspaper reporters of Irish descent nearly choked with laughter at the incongruity of things when they discovered themselves eating sauer kraut and frankfurters at a local cafe. They had not realized it was St. Patrick’s day until they were halfway through the meal. A white haired man of great dig- See ST. PATRICK'S, Pg. 12, CoL 6 Firm Stand In Crisis Is Asked By Hore-Belisha Foreign Office Keeps Silence On Situation WORLD AT A GLANCE By Associated Press LONDON — Cabinet revolt against Prime Minister Chamberlain's cautious foreign policy threatens British crisis. MOSCOW—Foreign Minister Litvinoff calls for joint action by non-fascist powers to halt aggression and "new world massacre"—excluding Germany, Japan and Italy. PARIS—Premier Blum announces Immediate increase in armaments to meet war threat; cabinet authorizes 4,465,000,000 francs, mostly for planes. HENDAYE—Spanish insurgents report rapture of Caspe, opening way for drive to se.”* BARCELONA — Insurge nt planes bomb city in relays, taking more than SCO lives. LONDON, March 17.—(AP) —Threatened revolt against hi* cautions foreign policy by his followers both inside and outside his cabinet today drove harassed Prime Minister Chamberlain into a precarious position. COMMITTEE WARNING His tenure of power said informed sources, was imperilled by a vigorous demand by his youthful secretary for ar, Leslie Hore-Belisha, that the prime minister announce a firmer course in dealing with Europe's crisis within tomorrow. Closely following this reported ultimatum came a warning from a committee of influential conservatives that Chamberlain's fore%n policy must, be changed quickly or they would join the opposition. Winston Churchill, key member of world war cabinets, and Robert J. G. Boothby, headed, the committee. Labor party circles discussed tho posibility of Chamberlain's resignation within 48 hours in favor of an interim government, to be headed by his predecessor, Earl Baldwin of Bewdley. The war secretary was described See BRITAIN, Tg. 12, Col. 5 Jap Planes Bomb Chinese Airdromes Sino Guerrillas Harass Army SHANGHAI March 17.    (A”)— Eighty Japanese naval planes in a sudden thrust into the South China province of Kiangsi today bombed I Chinese airfields at Nanchang. i Sweeping over the fields in re-i lays. Japanese destroyed the old airdrome of Nanchang and six Chinese planes, they said. A newer airdrome there also was bombed. Meanwhile Chinese guerrillas were harassing Japanese thrbugh a wide area of Shantung province, Ameri-I cans reported from Tsingtao. :    Four    Japanese merchants were killed at Fangtze. a mail truck driver was shot at Weihsien. and frequent cutting of the Tsinan railroad has resulted in Irregular serv-j ice. Japanese, continuing their drive down the Tientsin-Pukow' railway, ' claimed today to have dominated ; the fortified section of walled Teng-hsien in Shantung and said 40.000 Chinese defenders had retreated 16 : miles south. I     -......-      ■■■ Second Session Of Cooking School This Afternoon The second session of a three-day cooking school, which features an upheaval in kitchen economy by promising to take much of the drudgery out of housekeeping, was ! scheduled for 2:30 o’clock this afternoon in the city hall auditorium under the auspices of the West Texas Utilities company. The school ends Friday following an address by Dr. W. V. Ramsey, Abilene physician who will discuss food preservation. ;