Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 16, 1954, Abilene, Texas
VOL. LXXIII, NO. 273Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS. TUESDAY MORNING. MARCT 16. 1954—EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
GOP, Demo Heads Fire Boih Barrels
W.\SHINGTON, March 15 —
The Democratic National Chairman accused a “badly split” GOP tonight of making “a campaign of Vilification which can destroy us,” and his Republican counterpart accused the Democrats of having “almost lived by dividing the people.”
Stephen A, Mitchell for the Democrats and Leonard VV. Hall for the Republicans, took each other on in a public debate at Georgetown University.
Roth were heavily applauded. , Referring to remarks about “di-1 viding the .\merican people,” j Hall told a student audience estimated at 1,000 persons:
“My good friends, the Democratic party has almost lived by dividing the people of America for the last 20 years,”
Mitchell took out after Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) by name. He said a divided GOP has failed to control the senator and does not deserve the support of America’s young people.
Mitchell quoted Hall as having said that left wing socialism is the backbone of the opposition to the GOP and adding that “communism is another name and method of achieving what they want.”
He urged against putting “slander and calumny on each other.” “If we do,” Mitchell said, “we destroy the system under which we live.”
Hall in rebuttal, said:
“Steve, before you get on any white charger and ride through the streets of the United States talking about language that should be used in a political debate, you might go back and read some of President Truman’s speeches. And I don’t ask Steve to read the letters he wrote.”
There were boos — for whom nobody could tell — when Hall mentioned Truman’s speeches and former Secretary of State Ache-son.
Hall, whose name was picked first from a hat, started off the debate.
RESCUED — A crowd watches from a 35-foot ocean bluff at San Diego, Calif., as city lifeguards and police hoist Mrs Sylvia Duel, 28, to safety. Mrs. Duel slipped down the bluff w’hen the earth gave way while she was viewing the ocean. Her husband, Delmer, 28, stands on rock below. He scrambled after his wife, who can’t swim, and pulled her from the surf. Their three children were in the family car at the top. Mrs. Duel’s only injury was a cut leg. _______
Ike Hits Democrats Tax Cuts As Unfair
Makes Appeal For Own Tax Program
NOT SMOOTH SAILING
WASHINGTON, March 15 (/P)— President Eisenhow’er blasted the Democratts’ cut-the-income-tax proposals tonight as unsound, politically motivated and unfair to the great majority of taxpayers.
Declaring such cuts would be “a serious blow to your government.” the President told a nationwide radio and television audience:
‘Tn your interest I must and will oppose such an unsound tax proposal.”
Speaking informally - with the aid of a prompting device— often smiling, at other times earnest, Eisenhower appealed for support of his own tax program, which includes what he called a “‘modest’” reduction in the tax on income from corporation stock.
He centered his fire on Democratic moves, beginning with a bill that comes up in the House Wednesday, to raise income tax exemptions. House Democrats want an increase from $600 to $700. There is a movement among Senate Democrats to make even more of a taxpayer’s income tax-free.
The Pre.sident got technical help
Shivers Makes Tax Hike Plea To Opening Special Session
Jap Boat Wanders Into Atom Blast Area; Crew Hurt
TOKYO, Tuesday. March 16 A Japanese sea captain said today that an atomic blast in the Bikini area March 1 showered “snow-white ashes” on his fishing boat for two hours, blistering the skin of all 23 men aboard.
“Three days later, we discovered our exposed skin turning reddish black and bli.stering,” said Capt. Isao Mukai of the 100-ton Daigo Fukuryu Maru, in an interview with the newspaper Yoni-iuri.
“It was our first realization we are suffering from atomic radiation burns.”
One crewman was reported still in serious condition at a Tokyo hospital.
Mukai said his boat “accidentally wandered into the Bikini atomic test area, ignorant of the impending atomic tests.”
AUSTIN, March 15 (^ — Tax boosts on beer, business and natural gas that he said do not “place an undue burden on anyone” were recommended to the Legislature today by Gov. Shivers.
Shivers went before the lawmakers to give them his ideas on where moiiey for teachers and state workers* pay raises should come from as the 53D Legislature’s first called session got off to a fast
More Legislative News on Pg. 7-A
politics in a senate speech that apparently was not related to special session Issues. The Royse City senator said Shivers was “a Republican running a a “democrat”. Russell said he would run ^ against Shivers for governor if he had to.
________ Shivers may be a
start. His speech drew warm ap- reelection. He hasn’t said. !
p]ausc. I The governor recommended a 63 i
But it wasn’t all smooth sailing. ; cent per barrel Increase in the | Sen. Joe Russell launched a beer tax; a new gas gathering tax I sharp attack on the governor’s j of one-half cent per 1,000 cubic
feet: a 75 cent per $1.000 increase in the franchise tax.
These levies will bring in $26.-500,000 a year needed to give | teachers a $402 annual pay raise: and state workers $10 more a: month. Shivers said. i
A bill incorporating the teachers pay proposal was introduced in Senate by A.M. Alkln Jr., Paris, and the senate education committee set hearing on it for Wednesday at 2 p.m.
Fire Traps Shivers made a strong plea for
from his unpaid, part-time consultant. television producer Robert Montgomerx’, in this 15-minute address, in which he took occasion also to reproach the “professionally faint-hearted” for spreading depression talk.
Nation to Prosper Actually. Eisenhower declared. “The nation as a whole continues to be prosperous” despite unemployment in some places, and conditions “at this time do not call for an emergency program that would justify larger federal deficits and further inflation through large additional tax reductions.” Surpri.sing even some of his own staff member s, the President made no criticism of last week’s action by the House in cutting excise taxes by some 900 million dollars. He had opposed tbls «ni eflA administración leaders have voiced hope the Senate would try to reduce it.
Ehsenhower said he’s as strong for cutting taxes “at the right
funds to replace what he calledj time” as anybody, and he said his
Teachers May Not Haunt Special Session 1er Raise
Women'i Nowt . .
Oil News ,
Comics ... .
Form News ...
Radio & TV Log .
By KATHARYN DUFF-Reporter-News State Editor
AUSTIN, March 15. — Teachers of Texas won’t play the big personal role this special session they did last regular .session, even though the Legislature has been called back to work primarily tn overhaul their pay schedule, predicts Dr. C. L. Yarbrough, superintendent of schools at Snyder.
Dr. Yarbrough was in Austin over the week end to work out details of a school trustee orientation conference .scheduled .\pril 22 in Abilene for trustees from the 11-county area which makes up the Oilbelt Schoolmasters Association. Yarbrough heads the association with Morgan Jones. Jr.. of Abilene chairman of the trustee branch of the schoolmasters organization.
But, Yarbrough didn’t even stay over for the opening session of the Legi.slalute which got to work at noon Monday.
“I feel teachers would prefer to
DANG THAT CAR!
Groom Takes Jewels, Cosh; Bride Forgives
NEW YORK. March 15 (B—An elderly bride who has accused her husband of ending a one-day honeymoon by making off with $303.100 in cash and jewels had a change of heart when the couple was reunited today.
Mrs. Dyoll Pr§thcr Herman. 67, of Palm Beach, Fla., sought to withdraw her complaint against Percy William Herman, 49.
U S. Commissioner Edward W. McDonald ordered the groom held In $10.000 bond, however, until the matter is checked with the U S. Attorney’s Office in Richmond, Va. where the complaint was filed.
Herman’s attorney. Daniel Jacobson, arranged a reunion of the couple today. FBI agents also were on hand and Herman voluntarily surrendered to them for arraignment.
Atty. Jacobson said Herman naa “good reasons” for what had happened since he left his bride in a motor court on March 5.
The attoney said the husband gave this account of events since the couple were married In Palm Beach:
Their expensive new' convertible automobile was equipped with windows which automatically close at the first touch of rain. On the Aral day’a driva thla mtchanltm
went out of order and the windows kept opening and closing.
Throughout the day, in which they drove for 20 hours, the husband took stimulants to keep him awake and calm his nerves. By the time they reached Fredericksburg he was In a highly nervous state.
The bride was left at the motor court while Herman sought to have the windows fixed. He went to three garages but all were closed.
Suddenly he felt he was being followed by another automobile. Thinking of the $243,500 In cash and $59,600 in jewelry still in the car, he just kept going.
He left the automobile in Paterson. N. J., and went on to New York, where he took a hotel room and slept for 48 hours. When he aw'oke he couldn’t remember what had happened to his wife until he read news stories that she had filed a complaint with police.
Jacobson said Herman had left the money and jewelry Intact In safe deposit boxes.
Mrs. Herman worried aloud about her husband’s appetite today and ordered coffee and sandwiches for him before the arraignment. They laughed and talked animatedly before and after |he bearing.
stay in the background this time,”
Dr, Yarbrough said,
“Since this program fthe program presented by Governor Shiv- I ture ers suggesting $402 raises in base | pay) represents the pool of thinking of all major factions, I feel the support will come from the lay people who.se duty it is to make the policy.
“Responsible people should make the policy for our schools. Fundamentally, this policy should be determined in terms of child w’clfare primarily rather than teacher welfare.
I.,ast session teachers by the droves vi.sited the legislature to press their pay cause.
The trustee orientation program being planned for Abilene will be a “pilot program” for the state.
It will be designed to allow trustees, primarily new ones, to get familiar with their duties and responsibilities and with school functions in general. Yarbrough worked with Dr. Roy Hall, executive secretary of Texas schoolmasters organization, in lining up consultants to take part in the Abilene meeting.
Mrs. Dallas Scarborough of Abilene Is in Austin to take part In a state D.\R convention. I>ast week she was a delegate to the Daughters of 1812 meeting here. Tuesday she will take part in dedication of a state D.\R home. She is presenting a table for use in the building.
Mrs. Scarborough’s son. Larry, is now a student in the University of Texas Law School. He was admitted to the bar liefore he completed his degree work and has been practicing law in Abilene In hi* father’s firm He came back to Austin to complete his college
See TEACHERS, Pg. 2-A, Col. 5
Senate Group OKs Lower Vote Age
WASHINGTON. March 15 B--The Senate Judiciary Committee approved 7-3 today a proposed constitutional amendment by Sen. Langer (R-ND) to lower the minimum voting age from 21 to 18 years.
The committee also approved, by a unanimous vote, another proposed constitutional amendment which would fix the number of Supreme Court justices at nine— the present number —• and require retirement of all federal Judgei at thi age of 75. s
two and three story firetraps where deaf children sleep in actual danger every night.”
“Let fire break out in one of these buildings and the result would be a tragedy that would haunt ever>’ man w'ho had an opportunity to prevent it,” the governor said.
The Deaf School buildings were part of his recommendations for improvements there and at other institutions to cost $10,687,500. Earlier Comptroller Robert Cal-| vert reported that enough revenue j is in sight to handle this expendl-| without new taxes. '
Teachers’ Pay 'rhat welcome news lett the law-; makers faced only w'ith the trouble-! some task of finding the money for teachers pay.
There was a considerable background of muttering and doubt from members as to whether or | not they could get the job done Inj the 30 days of a special session.) but there were no open flareups as the lawmakers quickly organi-; zed.
Bills providing for Shivers' suggested pay raises and improvements at the Deaf School, the East-ham prison farm. Southwestern Medical, and the Dental School at Houston w’ere introduced in the Senate.
Ready for Introduction House were a proposed Communist control law, a beer tax bill, and dozens of other mea.sures; following or approximating Shivers’ suggestions. Introduction of bills starts tomorrow in the House.
Strauss Senate Head The senate elected Gus Strauss of Hallettsville as it.s president pro tern to help the lieutenant governor for the duration of the session.
administration ha.s slashed or is about to slash almost seven billion dollars from the national tax bill.
The Democrats disputed this. House Democratic Leader Rayburn, slated to make a formal reply on radio and TV tomorrow night, said five of the seven billions in tax reductions were voted by the Democrats before Eisen-how'er took office.
One of the President’s main arguments against raising the income tax exemption was that this w'ould free millions of Americans from paying any tax and shift the
See IKE, Pg. 2-A, Col. 4
Woman Drowns Near Rolan
See SHIVERS, Pg. 2-A, Col. 3
V. a. DKVARTMtNT OF COMMtRtE W FATHER HI REAlt ABIUCNE AND VICINITY — Partly cloudy and warmer today, tonight and Wedneaday. Maximum today low tonight 40, high Wedneaday 70 to 73. Increasing southerly winds NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Mostly cloudy and aUghtly warmer through Wednesday; occaalonal light rain Wedneaday.
WEST TEXA8 Mostly cloudy and allghUy warmer through Wedneaday; occasional light rain Tuesday and Tuesday night.
EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Mostly cloudy and slightly warmer through Wedneaday: occasional light rain Wednesday; moderate to locally freah eaater-iy winds on the coast
TFMPERAri'RES A..M. Mea. PM.
....... l;30 .....
......... 3 30 M
......... 3 30 ............
............ 4 30 ............
............ 8 30 ............ M
............ 0 30 ............
............ 7 JO ............ M
............ i 30 ............ M
............ 9:30 0»
............ 10 30 ..........
............ 11 JO ..........
„ 13 30
High and low temperaturee for 94 hours ended at 8:30 p m : 50 and 9«
High and low teraparaturea same date laet year: M and 41 Sun.sel last night « 47 pm Sunrise today « 48 a m. Sunset tomghl • P ™ Barometer reading at 9;>0 p m. ^»7.
ReUUvo bumldltjr «1 1:3# P »•
ROTAN. .March 15. GINS) — Emma Eula Breedlove, 31. of Midland drowned Monday when she fell in 30 feet of water in a stock
tank. „ .
She was one of five persons fishing in the tank, located on the Jack Kennedy ranch near Double in the ^lountaln in southern Stonewall
tighter excitement, two others
from Midland, Pearl Jackson and Arnlta Smith, fell in the tank but managed to get out.
The dead woman, whose mother. Lillian Whitley of Midland, witnessed the accident, was in the water 20 minutes.
She was brought to the surface by grappling hooks.
Lon Rogers, farmer in the area, and Albert Alexander, pumper in the Double Mountain oil field, assisted in taking the body from the
tank. , ^
With the group were Helen Dyer of Rotan and Jessie Jone« of Midland.
Hotan Police Chief B. H. Con-nally, who followed the ambulance to the scene, said the accident was Investigated by Stonewall County Sheriff Warren Frazier, his deputy, and Justice of the Peace J. L. Chennault, all of Aspermont.
Connally said Chennault told him he would rule the tragedy as accidental death from drowning.
The body was taken to Weath-ei sbee Funeral Home here, but no arrangements were announced.
Day and Night Are Same Length Today
You can change your tune now, Abilenlans.
You can start laying: “Gee, but the days are getting long." For Tuesday will have 12 hours each of day and night, and for the next three months will get even longer.
The sun was to rise at 6:48 a.m. this morning and presumably will set at 6:48 p.m. tonight — even Stephen.
STORM WINDS SMASH PLANE—This Air Force C-119 cargo plane was flipped over on its back by hurricane-force winds which ripped Lawson Air Force Base near Columbus, Ga. Officials said more than 10 million dollars damage was done at the base alone by the storm, and 2 persons killed. Eight persons were killed and property damage ran to more than twenty-three million dollars by tornadoes that hit central and west Georgia._
BEHIND CLOSED DOORS
McCarthy to Call His Group For Judgment on Army Fight
WASHINGTON. March 15 (M— Sen. McCarthy (R-WJ.s) .«lald Ifxiay he wiJl call his .Senate Investlga-tlon.s subcommittee together tomorrow' and invite Its members to decide whether (hey want to pas.s judgment on his bitter fight with the Army.
The meeting will be held behind closed doors, McCarthy announced, and there will be no witnes.ses called.
The Wisconsin senator rejected suggc.stlons by two leading Republican colleagues that he cancel speaking engagements this week and let the controversy be brought to a quick showdown.
“There will be no hearing Wednesday, Thursday or Friday,” McCarthy said. “I intend to continue speaking whenever there Is an important message ! believe ought to be brought to the public attention.”
Up for subcommittee review is an Army charge that Roy Cohn, chief coun.sel of the group, high-pressured the -4rmy In an attempt to get .special privileges for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former member of the subcommittee staff, and McCarthy’s countercharge, with ramifications, that the Army was using Schine as “a club” to discourage the subcommittee from pressing its probe of alleged Hed.s in the Army.
“Blackmail,” McCarthy called it, and he declared he has “absolutely no intention” of .suspending Cohn during the inquiry.
Tomorrow’s meeting is a sort of “where - do - we - go - from -here” session, at which members of the subcommittee apparently will decide whether to conduct a full scale Inquiry on their own or
Heave the Job to another senate body.
Sen. Knowland of CalffornJa, the GOP .Senate leader, commented that while he can’t tell other .sena-, tors what to do he thought the j row between McCarthy and the | Army’s civilian leadership de-1 serves “priority over all matters” j
Sen. Dirsen (R-Ill) took the same position, saying “a senator must never let public speaking engagements and things of a semi-
IN DECISIVE BATTLE
private nature Interfere” with his public duties. Dlrksen is a mem-l)er of the subcommittee, McCarthy disclosed that 5en. Potter (R-Mlch). another member, had formally asked that the subcommittee consider the whole question tomorrow. McCarthy said he would yield the chair to Sen. •Mundt <R-SD' but would take an active part In this and any future
See McCarthy, pg. 2-A, Col. 7
Rebels Smash French Fortress Defenses
HANOI, Indochina. March 15 B
French headquarter.s announced
tonight that thousands of wildly screaming Communist-led Vlet-minh troops smashed thitn'gh the northern defenses of Dlen Blen Phu fortress at one point and were advancing toward the heart of the base.
The Fiench said they killed 1,500 of the attackers before they gave up the northern defense hill |X)si-tion of the Dust Bowl fortress in iioithwe-^t Indochina.
The biggest and most derisive battle of the Indochinese War is now being fought with thousands of Vietmlnh pressing steadily closer to the heart of the bastion intended to stop the southward march of rebel armies.
The French threw fresh tanks, troops and planes into the battle.
Kiwonis Hopes to Stuff 7,500 With Pancakes
An estimated 7,500 Abllenians will eat pancakes dressed with milk or coffee and bacon Tuesday to help the Abilene Kiwanls Club help local underprivileged children.
The 165 Klwanians slated to be on the serving line at Ro.se Field House will start pouring the batter and frying the bacon in time to start ser\'lng at 4 p.m. The flapjack fantasy lasts until 9 p.m.
When its all over the Kiw’inl-ans will clean up the mess, count theár “dough” and start planning on now to carry on the work they have done In the past with underprivileged children.
N. W*. McCormick is general chairman of the Kiwanls Pancajie Supper this year. Bert CTiapman Is club president.
liooking on at the huge undertaking Tuesday will be two plane loads of Klwanians from Lawton. Okla. The group is scheduled to fly tn here at 8:30 a.m. Tuesday.
Last year the club raised $2.850 from the Pancake Supper. The proceeds fo into the club’s special boy’s and girl’s fund.
Among 1953 projects undertaken by the club toward helping young-
sters were: $250 to improve a .Scout hut at the Hendrick Home for Children (the hut was built a few years ago by the club>; $100 to send a Junior ambassador to Europe, $300 to sponsor Pony I.>eague Baseball; about $275 In quarterly contributions to Boys Ranch.
In addition the club sent a high school student to Boys State at Austin: gave medical and surgical assistance to 18 underprivileged children, with doctors In the club donating their talents and the dub paying hospital and medical bills; and purchased many sets of eye-glas.scs, w ith doctors donating their talents.
Several wheelchairs of the type used by spastlcs were purchased and contributed to patients, and several rolling stretchers, of the type used in polio wards, were also bought.
The club originated the Christmas Goodfellows organization here about 30 years ago and has since been the first each year to contribute.
Among its many other projects last year was an Easter egg hunt for mostly underprivUegtd children.
They bolstered their stronghold. 175 miles west of Hanoi, with a battalion of paratroopers. They also sent planes almost 200 miles fromt the carrier Arromanches to bomb and strafe Vletminh artillery positions.
Censorship slowed correspondents’ reports of the savage fight.
For the first time in the seven-year-old Indochinese fighting, the Vietminb rebels dropped their guerrilla and infiltration tactics to wage a frontal, full-scale Korea-type battle.
The Vletminh prepared infantry charges with heavy artillery fire. Then, the Red Chinese-advised and Red Chinese trained rebel soldiers, blowing bugles and screaming wildly charged French bgrbed-wire defenses.
There Is nothing to indicate any Red Chinese are actually participating in the fight, but it is clear the rebels are coached in the attacks by advisers behind their lines.
The Vietminh. renewing their as-sauJts after an artillery barrage today, first concentrated on a French defense position north of the fortress.
Attacking at 3 a.m., they fought their way into the southern part of the po.sition by 5 a.m. The French immediately counterattacked, dispatching tanks from the fortress. Heavy fighting followed at this position and. the French say, “heavy losses” have been inflicted upon the Vietminh.
The \ letmiuh also hit one of the eastern defenses of the fortress. Here too the French say they thrust back the rebels with “heavy losses."
The French and loyal Vietnamese paratrooper.s dropped on to the Dien Bien Phu airstrip during the height of a Vietminh artillery barrage.
French mobile artillery, tanks and mortars as well as heavy machine guns and rifle Are cut down the attackers by the acore as fighters and bombers roared overhead mowing down rows of the Vietminh wildly charging towards the barricades.
The Vietminh are believed to be using two of their four known divisions for the