Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 16, 1938, Abilene, Texas
®fje Abilene Spotter■WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES "-Byron
VOL.LVII, NO. 298.
*»—rtaUJ rn— (ATI
ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 16, 1938 —TWELVE PAGES
raid pi— (Ct! PRICE 5 CENTSFRANCE ASKS BRITISH AID IN WAR CRISIS
Poland Hands Ultimatum In Border Clash
Eagle Band Day Proclaimed In
Demand On Lithuania Expires Today; Hitler Returns To Berlin In Haste
BERLIN, March 16.—(AP)—A German army source said today that Reichsfuehrer Hitler was returning hurriedly to Berlin because he had received word that Poland had presented an ultimatum to Lithuania expiring late today.
Details of the ultimatum were not known, but it was believed based on a frontier clash on March ll for which Poland was demanding satisfaction.
Hitler, returning from his triumphal annexation of Austria, left Munich for Berlin at 2:45 p. rn. (8:45 a. rn., E. S.) today. He arrived here at 5:02 p. rn. (11:02 a. rn. E. S. T.)
ll Duce Allays Italo Fears Of German Surge
Mayor Urges All Who Can To Buy Concert Tickets
Pronounces Benediction On Hitler's Austrian Coup In Speech To Nation
Friday will be Eagle Band Day In Abilene.
Mayor W. W. Hair today issued a proclamation designating Friday , as a day set aside for the band of Abilene high school. Friday night j at 8 o’clock the annual band spring concert will be presented, and the 1 proceeds will go to the fund for j uniforms of Abilene high school band members.
ROME, March 16.—(AP)—Benito Mussolini today promised his people that the pan-German expansion never would penetrate Italian frontiers but at the same time pronounced a benediction on Adolf Hitler's absorption of Austria.
II Duce said that the plebiscite the ousted Austrian chancellor, Hurt Schuschnigg, had called for March IO—hoping to get a mandate to fight for Austrian freedom—was “unforeseen.”
“An emissary of Schuschnigg asked my opinion,” he said. “It was the first time in many
Ausfro Former ; Joins Soviet In
Vicechancellor Armed Pledge Commits Suicide To Czech Ally
Mninr Fp\/ Blum Uraes Chamberlain To SuDDort
Major Fey Shoots Self After Killing Wife And Son
Blum Urges Chamberlain To Support Attempt To Effect Spanish Armistice
VISIT CI T SHORT
The army source said originally he had intended to remain several days longer in Vienna, where he concluded his historic four day Austrian visit yetserday, but that the Polish-Lithuanian crisis called him back to Berlin.
The Polish press has been attacking Lithuanian angrily over the border fight between frontier guards in which a Pole was shot and kill? I. The newspapers said the man was deliberately ambushed.
There have been reports Poland wants to rmnex Lithuania, but official circles in Warsaw emphasized that Poland rejected any such idea.
Nevertheless the view was expressed the Lithuanian clash had greatly disturbed the peace of Europe s Baltic region. Poland, it was said, aims at pacification of this arca, and not only wants sa;-isfaction for the clash hut also a drastic revision of Lithuania s attitude *oward Poland.
Officials, however, would not say
Spectacular Fire Threatens North Section Of Town
See ULTIMATUM. Pf. ll. Col. I
What Is Your
NEWS I. Q.?
ALBANY. March 16—A spectacular fire, that for a time threatened general conflagration in the north part of Albany, completely destroyed a two-story building on Main street near the MKAT depot early today.
The building, an old landmark, housed a cafe, fruit stand, filling station and rooming house. The blaze was discovered at 3:20 a. rn., and tw’o men, sleeping upstairs, barely escaped without Injury, one by fleeing down the stairs and the other by jumping from a second story window. Their names were not learned.
As volunteer firemen answered the alarm, scores of spectators gathered. For two hours, the highway, on which the structure was located, was blocked to traffic.
Equipment was summoned from AbiLr-.e at 3 a sd, lo help in inventing spread of the blaze to the Bradford Supply company and adjoining buildings. When the Abilene equipment arrived, the blaze was under control. Late this morning, the ruins still were smouldering, but no estimate had been made of the
The structure was the property of the Hill estate. It had been built more than 20 years ago.
Cause of the blaze had not been determined. Employes in a cafe, an all-night establishment, reported hearing an explcsion as the fire started.
In his proclamation Mayor Hair requested all who can to buy one or more tickets to the concert, which will feature regular concert numbers, marches and novelty
Fund now stands at $2,185.50 as Mrs. C. C. Stewart, president of the Band Parents association, looks forward to a week of strenuous activity that is expected to raise the fund to its goal of $3,000. BASKETBALL TOURNEY
Still another event will be held Monday and Tuesday nights at the high school as civic organizations ! engage in a basketball tournament, j Challenge was thrown down by the * Exchange club, and has been definitely accepted by Lions and Rotary organizations. The Kiwanis club was to decide at noon today. ' Tickets will be on sale at the I Wooten Hotel pharmacy for 25 cents each.
The advance ticket sale for the ; concert Friday is being handled by the Band Parents association and the Abilene Boosters club. Tickets also may be secured at the Waldrop Furniture store.
Members of the Lions club who have donated $60 50 of the $100 pledged are J. C. Hunter. Henry James. Dave Barrow, Tom Grisham. Jo * Chi! Ires* Dr. O B ElanlfV. E. A. Shepherd, Roland Jones. Dr. C. E. Adams. W. J. Eehrens, C. W. Bacon, Wally Akin, and Truett Compere.
Tile proclamation issued follows:
The citizens of Abilene are proud of the high school Eagle band and its achievements. This band in many contests has added fame to Abilene as an educational center. It has cheerfully and without cost furnished on many occasions de-
months. I told him in the most peremptory manner that it was a mistake.
** ’This bomb will explode in your
VIENNA. Mar. 16— (UP) —Maj. Emil Fey, former vice chancellor and minister of public security, committed suicide today after killing his wife and their 19 year old son.
Fey shot his wife and their son and then shot himself sometime during the early hours of this morning.
Fey was 52. He was made minister of public safety in 1933 under
PARIS, March 16.—(AP)—Premier Leon Blum today dispatched an urgent appeal to British Prime Minister Neville • Chamberlain to join him in immediate attempts to bring about a Spanish armistice.
At the same time Blum requested that Britain take concerted action with France to ward off the danger which he declared the great number of Italian and German troops in Span. ish insurgent ranks constituted for French and British com-munications in the Mediterranean.
France and Soviet Russia meanwhile agreed that both
hands' I told him.”
To those who have asked why Italy did lint intervene in Austria, Mussolini vaid he replied:
“We nev^r assumed any obligation. Austria never asked us for armed intervention to defend its own independence with force.
“A nation which needs military aid against its owm people is no longer worthy to call itself a nation.
“When the Austrian drama had reached its fifth act, there were the usual opponents of fascism who were alert to see whether the moment for a clash between the two totalitarian states had arrived.
“That clash would have been the prelude to a new world war.
“This calculation of the democracies, of the Masonic lodges, was wrong, xxx Why not declare it?
“The moment had arrived instead to strengthen the axis xxx which the two totalitarian states follow in a parallel way (the Rome-Berlin axis' *'
ASSURANCES TO GERMANY “Now the German people know that the axis is not a diplomatic edifice effective only for normal
occasions.” Mussolini continued.
“It has been showm to be solidly established in this exceptional hour in the history of the German world and all the world,
“Two nations whose unitarian (totalitarian! formation has been parallel in time and in methods— united as they are by a similar conception of politics and life—can March together and give to our harassed continent a new equili-
Prime Minister Spurns Comment On Spanish Issue
LONDON. March 16. (>P>—Opposition to Prime Minister Chamber-
See BAND, P*. 5, Col. 6
See MUSSOLINI, Pf. ll. Col. 2
Farm Purchasing Committee To Meet
Income Tax Yield Up 18 Percent
Each question counts 20: each part of a two-part question, IO. A score of 60 Is fair; 80, good. Answers on page 6.
1. Who is this athlete? Did he recently break the world s record for <a> the 100-yard dash, <b> the mile run, or cc) the 100-meter breaststroke?
2. On the fifth anniversary of the New Deal, President Roosevelt asserted that because of changed conditions he was changing a few of his original objectives. True or false ?
3. Name two of the four members of the Balkan Entente.
4. In what country has the right of divorce been revoked?
5. In the Moscow trial against traitors did the evidence consist chiefly of tat letters and other records of the conspirators. (b> testimony of government officials, or (c) the prisoners’ confessions?
Tenant purchasing committee of Jones county will meet in Anson at 9 o'clock Thursday morning. Clarence Symes, resettlement administrator cf the Abilene district, announced today.
Farmers who have been tentatively approved for purchase of , farms under provisions of the farm tenant act passed by congress last year have been ordered to attend tomorrows meeting.
Members of the Jones county committee are William Church, James M. Spurgeon and Charlie Mvatt.
WASHINGTON. Mar. 16— (UPI — The treasury today deported record-breaking income tax collections of $615,947,718 for the first 15 days of March, an increase of more than 18 per cent over the period last year.
Campbell s Ad Off Back Page First Time Since 1907
lain today won the opportunity for a full debate on foreign affairs in the house of commons.
A surprise motion for adjournment because of the governments I lack of “policy to counter the grave menace” to British peace in Italian and German Intervention in the Spanish civil war was made by opposition Leader Clement R. Attlee.
This was accepted by the speaker and threw the house open to an urgen1 review oi foreign policy.
The harassed prime minister whose “realistic” hope of dickering with Reichsfuehrer Hitler had faded with the absorpton of Austria, had just entered the house after a two-hour cabinet meeting in which the wisdom of a sterner policy was discussed.
Chamberlain arose and said:
“I decline to be rushed into making announcements prematurely about this very serious subject (Spain!. The government has to bear a great responsibility.”
Chamberlain’s response brought concerted fire from the opposition. The prime minister refused to make a definite statement of Britain's position regarding possible German aggression against Czechoslovakia.
would fight to defend Czechoslovakia if she were attacked.
REPLY EXPECTED TODAY
Blum’s communication to Chamberlain was dispatched late last! night and a reply was expected as the people’s front cabinet assembled late in the afternoon.
Jacob Surit" soviet ambassador to France, called on Foreign Minister ; Joseph Paul-Boncour at the Quai D'Orsay and delivered assurances I similar to those delivered by the soviet ambassador to Praha —that Russia would fight for the defense of her Czech ally.
Rebel Advance Halted Abruptly
France Masses 70,000 Troops Along Frontier
MAJOR EMIL FEY
Texas Court Spurns 'Bank Night' Ruling
ABILENE and vicinity; Fair tonight and Thurnday.
West Tex**: Fair tonight and Thura-dav, warmer in north portion Thursday East Teyas: Fair tonight and Thursday. Highest temperature yesterday . T9 1 temperature this morning ..Si
Brief Is Filed In Dental Ad Case
SAN ANTONIO. Mar. 16-(UP!— Attorneys for the Texas Newspaper Publishers association filed before i the fourth court of civil appeals to-! cay a brief as amicus curiae in the appeal of a group of dentists seeking a temporary injunction against enforcement of the state law pro-i hibitlng advertising by dentists.
temperatures Tues. Wad pm.
Dry thermometer Wet thermometer SI* Relative humidity 14
7 • m 12 31 rn
Something is happening in this issue of the Reporter-News that has never happened before.
Campbell’s Abilene depart-store known throughout West Texas 31 years through the advertising columns of The Reporter-News has never since 1907. when it first entered the paper, had its advertisement carried anywhere in the paper except on the back page.
Todav Campbell’s advertisement will be found on Page 7. Through a good portion of those 31 years Campbell’s advertising has appeared every day on the back page. Prior to that it apeared in a great majority of issues.
T. C. Campbell, head of the store, relinquished the customary backpage position of his advertisement today in cooperation with the Reporter-News and fhe Continental Oil com Jp ny. whch asked backpage publication of its full-page advertisement in colors, carried rn this issue. Henceforth Campbells will be in the usual position.
AUSTIN. Mar. 16—(/P—The supreme court declined today to pass on the legality of “bank night,” a method used by some theaters to stimulate attendance, because the question assertedly was not submitted to it in proper form.
Tile tribunal said the Galveston court of civil appeals passed the whole case to it whereas that court should have asked specific law questions. The case originated In Anderson county.
The court held incorrect the ruling of a former attorney general’s department that escheated estate funds should be deposited in the general revenue fund. Henry J. Oanion and Frederick W. Poten were denied a mandamus forcing Treasurer Charley Lockhart to pay them $1363 and $2,240 respectively.
Chancellor Englcbert Dollfuss. Then he became vice chancellor. In the nazi revolt of July. 1934. he was held a prisoner in the chancellery while Dollfuss, wounded by nazis, bled to death.
Then he became minister of pub-) lie security and interior. He passed out of the political picture, however, under the Kurt Schuschnigg J regime. He was dismissed in a cabinet shake-up in October. 1935, and a year later was ousted as a leader of the semi-fascist, anti-nazi heimwehr organization.
1 Fey lost out politically when he quarreled with Prince Ernst Rudiger von Starhemberg, organizer of the heimwehr.
Today's tragedy occurred in the family apartment.
It was disclosed that here had been suicides of other prominent Austrians.
Friedrich Reitlinger, an indus-I trialist of the Tyrol region, had his daughter Jane shoot him. She then killed herself. It had been reported that Reitlinger was a leading contributor of funds to the old heimwehr of which Fey was a leader.
At Innsbruck. Dr. Gustav Bayer, 69. a professor of medicine, and his ' daughter Helga killed themselves by taking poison tablets and then opening gas Jets.
Here. Prof Gabo Nobl. 72. famous Jewish dermatologist, and his wife killed themselves.
PARAH, March 16.—(API —
For the second successive day the Usee h oslo v ak parliament
was thrown into an uproar today by the threatening statement of a Sudeten German (pro nazi) member.
Kart Enhuber. professing to speak for the 3.500,000 Germans in Czechoslovakia of whom
Adolf Hitler has proclaimed
himself protector, made this
statement In the senate:
“Is Czechoslovakia ready to change her domestic policy along the lines of Switzerland, and adopt her foreign policy to be like those of Switzerland and Belg hi rn?
If so, the Sudeten German* are ready to cooperate.
“We Inform you before it is too late. Now it is five minutes before twelve o’clock.”
Paul-Boncour replied to the assurances with a promise that France too would fight in the same cause.
Adolf Hitler, fuehrer of a realm expanded bloodlessly last week by his Austrian coup, had proclaimed himself the “protector" of all Germanic peoples on Germany's bor-
See CRISIS. Pg. 5. Col. 5
Stocks Break On War Fears Abroad
Leaders Decline From $1 To $5
HENDAYE. France, at the Spanish Frontier. Mar. 16—(ZP,—Stubborn i resistance by government force! brought Generalissimo Francisco Franco’s swift drive to the sea to an abrupt halt today.
The insurgent general staff order-' ed a heavy concentration of troop* east of Alcaniz to speed back 30 miles to Caspe fearing their offensive may have overreached itself and exposed their left flank.
Although insurgent, dispatches last night announced their motorized forces had completed occupation of Caspe with little or no resistance, today they said a heavy battle waa being fought in the city's outskirts.
Dispatches indicated government troops still controlled part of #ie strategic city of 20.000 population at the junction of the most important highways between Catalonia in northeastern Spain and Aragon In the east central part.
Meanwhile Premier Juan Negrin told the French government on a flying visit to Paris that the Spanish government could not hold out any longer unless foreign aid was J forthcoming. He pleaded for 200 planes and stores of munitions.
The French answer was not an-I nounced but more than 70,000 French troops were reported massed on the Spanish frontier. French military circles were represented as believing the mobilization of German and Italian military forces in Spain was larger than was required i for the civil war.
S'water Receives Lion Of Marble
SHERMAN. Mar. 16 — (A1 —Dr. John Harmon Burma. 64. Presbyterian pastor here and former president of Trinity college at Waxahachie. died at 10:45 a rn. today at his home here.
Members of the Abilene Lions club yesterday presented a marble lion to the Sweetwater organization to be retained a week and then passed on to another club.
Carl Sellers, president, O. P. Thrane, secretary, and M. Shaw, chairman of the athletic and music committees, made the presentations. The Cisco club brought the lion to Abilene week before last.
The marble lion was sculptured from native marble at the direction of the Carthage, Mo.. Lions club. It already has made the round of Lions clubs in Missouri and Kansas.
NEW YORK. March 16 European and New York security markets broke sharply today in the midst of pessimistic reactions to the war fears abroad. ,
Prices of leading issues on the New York Stock Exchange were down $1 to around $5 at midday in the heaviest selling volume in some weeks.
Armsterdam bourse and Paris bourse closed weaker. British gov- j ernment issues were down I 3-8 to i 2 1-8 points.
Leading foreign currencies again
Eight Indicted In Mail Pouch Theft
FORT WORTH, March (UP)—Eight men were indicted by the federal grand jury today in connection with the theft of a mail pouch containing $28,950 from a train at Tahoka last Nov. 5.
The cases will be tried at Lubbock
Indictments were returned against Jack Cathey, Roy L. Cathey. M. L. Cathey, and Oscar
broke sharply in the flight of capi- Potty of O Donnell; Carl E. Wil tai from European countries to I hams of Brownwood: Sidney MU
find refuge in the American dollar
Wall Street houses with foreign connections said there was considerable selling of stocks in the New York market by European holders and the decline here was also attributed partly to a sympathetic reaction to the general weakness of security markets in Europe.
McNurlen T. Morris
ler of Dallas: Rufus H. of Ranger, and James of Goldthwaite.
Jack Cathey took the pouch from the mail car. The others were accused of conspiracy of concealing the stolen money, wliich was consigned from the Dallas federal reserve bank to the First State bank at O’Donnell.
Is Hitler Ready To Elevate Germany To Pre-War Power Status?
By NEA Service
Five years after the day in 1933 when mustached Adolf Hitler strode from the Brown house in Munich to promise the German people a return to world power, his iron-heeled troops tread the soil of Austria, now made part of Germany.
In bold defiance of Great Britain and France, der Fuehrer now seems near actual fulfilment of his promise to elevate Germany to its prewar prestige and the military domination of central Europe.
But now, what of the future? Is Naid Germany prepared to assume its full responsibilities as a world j power? Has Herr Hitler made good on his other promises? What has been the cost? The answers are to be found in the record of the dictator’s amazing five years’ rule.
Standing that historic day in Munich, Hitler pledged himself to throw off the humiliating shackles ft the Versailles treaty and to restore bread and Jobs to the German people. Now look at the rec- | ord.
In startling succession he ordered reconscription of the German army: triumphantly regained the rich Baar area; reoccupied Ute demili-
Adolf Hiller. 1938.
Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler, above, as he looks today after five years as dictator over German destinies.
tarized Rhineland: perfected the Rome-Berlin axis; flung to the world his demand for che return of German colonies lost in the World war, and now has annexed little Austria.
Key of this resurgence, of course. is the German rearmament program, first violation of the 1919 treaty. The man in uniform now typifies Hie Reich. Not yet complete, the German military machine already promises to surpass that of any other nation. At least 1,300,-000 men could be put in the field in 48 hours, best observers agree, with millions more soon after. It is believed Germany has 3.000 airplanes and there are 2.500 fast tanks.
At the same time her navy’ approaches by British consent 35 per cent the total strength of the great English fleet. She has constructed 2,000 kilometers of the finest military roads in the world and is still building them.
To achieve these ends the national debt has been boosted to a level previously surpassed only in wartime. The government does not publish its budget figures but the total public debt is estimated to be
40 000.000.000 marks, which is about $16,000,000,000, or approximately half the size of the U. S. national debt. It is still to be shown whether the country can bear it. Certainly Germany cannot continue indefinitely to keep the nation albe by t means of borrowing money.
Inseparably linked with Hitler’s first step—rearmament -- was his seconds—jobs and bread. When the fuehrer took office in 1933 there were 6.000,100 unemployed. Today there are roughly 500.000, mostly unemployable because of physical defects. At first, thousands were simply placed as land-helpers or put in factories regardless of need. Employers were forced to pay them wages.
Since then, says a recent survey of the Foreign Policy association, the decrease in unemployment has been due to a real increase in production.
The problem of self-sufficiency, however, perpetually aggravates the German economic picture. There is serious doubt whether Germany can ever become self-sufficient within her present boundaries, hence her expanionist program Production has been speeded up
How the production of goods has increased in Germany is shown in the chart above. Rearmament has been the chief factor.
in iron ore: large amounts of mon ey have been spent in exploration of new oil land, but in cotton, rubber and other materials Germany is woefully short. She produces only | IO per cent of her wool, no cotton, only 30 per cent of her iron, the same of oil. no rubber and roughly 45 per cent of necessary food fats. She is self-sufficient in coal. grains and milk. Some of the deficiencies may, perhaps, be rectified in part by the Austrian annexation.
IMPOSED RIGID PROGRAM
To meet these inadequacies, Germany has imposed a virtual economic straitjacket. The government has established rigid control over imports, limiting the purchase of food stuffs and finished goods so as to be able to increase the purchase of raw materials and semi-finished goods. Experimentation has been carried on to discover “ersatz” or substitute material.
Cor.cidentally, every class has been asked to accept sacrifices. The government is extending its control over private industry and a new form of state capitalism seems to be emerging.
There has been some increase in food consumption and Germans enjoy more luxuries today than in
1932 Yet. the Foreign Policy asso elation affirms, “there is serious doubt whether the living standard of the average German is any better today than in the worst depression years.” Food is being rationed. there are many “forced” contributions. and the taxes on the German’s income have increased from 17 6 per cent to 25 per cent. At least one-sixth of the population receives Teller aid.
In order to .ntnlmize these material sacrifices. Hler has emphasized the glory of the German race, ! preaching hatred of the foreigner and ruthless persecution of the Jews and minority groups. To attain world power 65,000 000 Germans have surrendered free elections. freedom of speech and of press and rights of labor. Propaganda rules the nation.
Thus emerges Germany after five j years of Hitlerism. The important fact, agree the foreign observers, is that Germany must either turn to further expansion through peaceful international trade or by force. The Austrian coup would seem to indicate adoption of the military course. Such a profram might precipitate a new world war. That is the fear which hangs over Europe today.
Adolf Hitler. 1933.
Adoli Hitler, above, as he appeared five years ago on taking command of Germany from the Brown house in Munich.