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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 15, 1954, Abilene, Texas CLEAR, COLDMORNOG VOL. LXXlll, No. 272 SILLY, HUH? Reds Vote; No Secret Who Wins MCiiCOW. Marc'/ 14 (yf—Soviet citizens flocked to voting booths the length and breadth of this vast land today to cast their single party ballots for a new Supreme Soviet (Parliament). Bands tottled, •igns of spring were in the air «nd there was a holiday atmosphere. With these ballots, the voters formally endorsed the policies of Pi’emier Georgi Malenkov’s government. Approximately 110 million persons were eligible to vote. Malenkov, Foreign Minister V. iM. Molotov, Communist party chief Nikita Khrushchev and other leaders were assured of re-election. Running without opposition, they have campaigned vigorously on a platform of peace abroad and prosperity at home, w'hich is ■ what the Soviet voter wants to hear. Although there is no doubt what-*oeve^ about the outcome, formal results will bo announced—probably Tuesday. These will tell what percentage of the electorate participated and “endorsed the candidates and the program of the party.” There are 1,331 seats in the two houses of Parliament — the Associated Press (APf ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 15, 1954 -FOURTEEN PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c. SUNDAY lOc GOP Group Asks Probe Showdown FOR PEACEFUL PURPOSES U.S. To Make Specific Plan To Reds For Atomic Pool S1\*G\P«RE CRASH TAKES 32 LIVES—Rescuers mill around the burning wreckage of a British Overseas Airline Consteilation airliner on Singapore s Kallang Airport Saturday The ptaeburlti^^^    32    of 40 persons aboard. Amon« ‘he were some Americans. The plan?, bound from Australia to London, skidded on landing and somersaulted.___   ..    ---- Shivers, School Leaders Urge Teacher's Pay Hike Approval By DAVE CHEAVENS AUSTIN. March 14 üP — Gov. AUSTIN. Marcn ur -- v^uv    governor    and    teachers. Allan Shivers and top pu_______l    rpspnfine    everv    phase    of drawn ud after five months study i not be increased or decreased ex-by a committee named jointly by ! cept through action of the legisla- rep- Aiian .'Miivi'c:» aiiu    ^    evcrv    phase    of    Texas Council of Nationalities and the [    prolesslonal    Ijfe. Council of the Union.    i    p7„™i.i-,eachors'    pay    boost    as the ^    ^    rnr^r warrg'iiod ‘io'Thal To■e¡l I”1T I“,'-,?:"    hrh‘    best    an,swer    to    one    of    Texas’    most    iJJsulis" old use the credit tor This is the compromise plan as ture. The statement said the $100 credit was originally proposed as a state contribution to local build serious problems.    ..j    increase of $402 pc>r year any legal purposes. The governor. State Education    professional person em- j    ^^gs    the    belief    of    the    com- Commissioner J. W. Edgar and    the public schools ... Mrs. Kate Bell, president of the    the    minimum foundation pro- Texas State Teachers Assn. issued the joint statement on the eve of gram law. “2. A change in the local sc mittee that in providing this credit the state was not in any way .'assuming the responsibility for policy of tliis hemi  ........ ....v.    ........... ..    -    .    4,1..,    «.„v, 'Chool I    local    level,”    the    lion    of    the    Monroe    Doctrine    which    1    late    last    night,    killed    .seven,    in-1 ton craft were upended and turn Moscow polling stations. Although voting booths were scheduled to be open from 6 a.m. to midnight, many large districts reported between 75 and 98 per cent of the expected voters had cast ballots by noon. Under the Soviet system of elections, persons may leave their home precinct and go el^sewhere    state-local scnooi n-! cent of the total lounaauon P‘»v f"'V4„vj,tlrn so that as the local to vote for a candidate they | „gnce ratios. The session also w'ill gram cost. That would make the      cham ticularly favor. Because of this,    .--------» many traveled to Moscow to cast their ballots directly for Premier Malenkov. Election speeches by top officials stressed promises, domestically, to carry out a program to provide more to eat and wear. On WASHINGTON (^—The- United States plans soon to proi>ose to Russia specific measures for organizing a world pool of atomic energy for peaceful purposes. U. S. officials have consulted with their British and French colleagues, it was reported today, and have decided to carry forward negotiations for Soviet acceptance of President Eisenhower’s atomic pool project a while longer in secret, two-ne.lion talks. Atom Talks Planned Secretary of .State Dulles, who returned from an Inter-American conference at Caracas. Venezuela, today, presumably will now' make the final decisions of initiating the new .stage of atomic talks with tlie Soviet government. Dulles won adoption by the (’ar-acas conference of a resolution condemning international communism as "a special and immediate threat to the national institutions and the peace and security of the American states.’’    i On his retuni to Washington he said the conference action “in ef- Geneva conference but also on Indochina problems expected to come up there. This is a matter of utmost importance because Russia and Red China evidently will try to use French desires for peace in Indochina as a weaj)on to destroy chances for French approval of a defense community in Europe. 5. Getting ready for a meeting of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization ciiuncil on Atlantic armament problems in the week preceding the opening of the (icneva conference, .April 26. Atomic talks between the United States and Russia began Dec. 31 when the American ambassador to Moscow, Charles Hohlen. called on Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov, Subsequent discussioirs were held between Dulles and Russian Ambassador Georgi Zarubin here, and between Dulles and Molotov in Berlin. So far the talks have been concerned with procedural questions, such as how negotiations on the atomic pool plan might be held, among what nation.s, and the like. President Eisenhower proposed the plan to the United Nations in a speech Dec. 8. feet makes has largely been forgotten.” He the Legislature’s special session. ; (jjstricts’ share of the minimum | statement said. It was called primarily to give , foundation program cost from a .    .    represent    a sincere I said he Was sure. loo. the confer- teachcrs a $402 base pay raise and fiat $45.000,000 a year to 20 i _ffo_t to equalize the burden of! ence would bring a better underrevise the state-local school fi;! cent of the total foundation pro-    favatinn    so    that    as    the local standing of such other things as greater share nance ratios, me session a su >V4.4 gram cosi jnai vMum    j jjisjrict picked up a greater share be asked to help sev;eral state m-, local fund    of the cost of the minimum school .stitulions with new buildings and year approxiniately $M,6W.OOO. nrogram, it would have some lee-to pass more severe anti-Commun-    School    District Credit    leewav    in oroviding physical facil- ist laws*. "    i    ”3. Each school district would The session begins formally at 1 receive $100 credit for each pro-noon tomorrow. •    i    fessional unit on its local fund Many lawmakers were already assignment. This w'ouid arnount to at their desks today. Stenogra-were the international scene they j phers, pages and clerks pledged to end the cold war and ' being hired. Hotel lobbies took on avoid a hot one.    innk”    as    law- In this connection. Western observers here were interested in a speech by Malenkov stating that “a new war under modern methods of warfare would ruin w'orld civilization.” This is believed to be the first time that a top Soviet statesman uttered such a warning, although it has often been sounded in the W'est. leeway in providing physical ities required to house the rapidly growing scholastic population.” The problem of providing teachers and a place to teach, the statement said, “is too serious to postpone.” It cited figure» »howlng More Cool, Clear Weather Due City Breathe freely, Abilenians; the dust won’t be around for a while. The weather bureau at Abilene Municipal Airport believes the air will be clear and cold both Monday and Tuesday. A southerly wind will make it a little warmer each day than Sunday. when the coldest .March 14 in 57 years was established with a low of 21. Hasn’t been that cold on that day since 1897. The record, however. is held by 1895. when it sank to 20. Teachers Raise Sure Thing, but Who Pays? a credit by the state to the local districts of approximately $6,000.- 000 next year and    actually would ----- *    u the “legislative look” as law-1    be a deduction of    the $51,600.000 | huge    increases    at    hand    or    coming makers    and lobbyists talked over |    mentioned in Paragraph 2. It can | in    the    numbers of    school    children, the three tax proposals which Shivers    will submit early in the : session.    New taxes are needed to | finance the teachers’ pay raise. . Big Battle Due The compromise plan has already drawn sharp disapproval from House Speaker Reuben Sen-terfitt, who opposed calling the special session in the first place. He said part of the new finance plan, the $100 per teacher allotment for “any legal purpose,” was too broad. The statement by Shivers, Edgar and Mrs. Bell apparently was designed to answer Senterfitt’s objections, "It does not in any way saddle the state with aoy unusual burden of providing classroom facilities, they said,    .    . ,    , “It recognizes the principle 01 local control at the local level. It meets the unanimously agreed need of increasing teachers^ salaries, and it establishes a fair ratio between the state and local districts in financing the minimum foundation program act.” The statement emphasized the > fact that the compromise plan was Reporter-News Austin Bureau AUSTIN, March 14 — State senators and representatives are looking hopefully to Gov. Shiver’s message Monday for a workable answer to the question: Who’ll pick up the check for pay raises (rash Vidim Rites Today; Survivor Okay ORGANIZING MEET SET Dr, Arrant Selected Vaccine Trial Chief Dr, A. G. Arrant has been nam-«d chairman of the polio vaccine trial to be held in Abilene April 5. Dr. F. E. Sadler, director of AbilPUP-Taylor county health unit, said Sunday. Dr. Arrant is chairman of the ?ublic health committee of the aylor-Jones County Medical Association. As chairman of the special com-inittee. Dr. Arrant will preside over the organizing meeting to be held in the Coca-Cola .Auditorium St 7 p.m. Wednesday. Preparations for the mass immunization program will be made St the meeting. Dr Arrant will extend form.l invitations to members of the Taylor Countv .Medical Association. Dr. Sadler said the polio vaccine tiial will mark the largest test of its kind in .Abilene medical history. “It will take a great deal of work on the part of many people and organizations if we are to make the program a successful one,” he added. Dr. Sadler urged that represenV stives of nurses, P-TA members, school officials, city and county officials and members of the school board attend the meeting. • All people who are willing to volunteer their services in assisting with the program are also urged to attend,” Sadler said. Taylor County Polio Foundation ©fflclals wUl aiso attend. Approximately 1.500 second frsde students will be affected by the test. Records of first and third grade students will also be kept In order to make comparisons with vaccine results. Dr. Sadler said parents or legal fuinUans must request In wrlt- Funeral will be held at 3 p.m. Monday in Elliott’s Chapel of Memories for John E. Pilklngton, 56,,    . one of three persons killed in a    . headon collision Saturday 34 miles north of Abilene on U. S. Highway 277. Services are pending for Mrs. Myrtle M. Johnson, 40, of 133 Clinton, killed in the same car as was Pilklngton; and Mrs. Charles M. Duncan. 34. of 4034 South Seventh St. Mrs. Duncan’s husband was critically injured. .A Hendrick Memorial Hospital spokesman said Sunday night Duncan was “doing fairly well.” The accident occurred about 7:30 p.m. Saturday on a curve on the Highway to .Anson. Duncan was driving a 1953 Chevrolet owned by the National Sup- DR. A. G. ARRANT . . . heads mass immunization iiig that their children participate. Physicians, volunteering through the local medical society, will give the trial vaccine, assisted by nurses who have also volunteered their services. Lay volunteers, recruited by the Taylor County chapter of the National Polio Foundation, will assist as needed, as will school per-.sonnel. Each child will be given three doses over a five-week period. The second dose will be given one week after the first, and the third dose at least four weeks after the second. Each dose, administered in the arm, v ill contain one cc of the Salk vaccine. See CRASH, Page 5-A. Col. 1-2 Snyder Woman Hurl in Wreck SNYDEH. March 14 (RNS* Mrs. Nancy I^ankford. 29, former switch-lioard operator for the Snyder Daily News, was seriously injured about 9 p.m. Sunday in a wreck about three miles south of Fluvanna. Her companion, Elroy Mallick, 28, also of Snyder, was not injured. The pair was riding in a pickup belonging to Mallick’s employer, Producer’s Supply Co. of Snyder, when it apparently hit a soft shoulder and overturned. The injured woman and Mallick were taken to Battenfield Hospital and Clinic at Snyder by a Bolger Funeral Home ambulance, Mrs. Lankford’s physician said Sunday night her general condition Is very poor and that she is unconscious most of the time. She has a possible brain concussion. Investigating the accident was Chief Deputy Sheriff William Love of Snyder. to 100,000 teachers and state employes? There’s little doubt among members gathering in Austin for the special session opening at noon Monday that the raises will be finally approved, even though there may be some fireworks in the process. The problem is — who will foot the bill. The governor Friday outlined a general tax program calling for levies or increased levies on gas. beer and corporate franchises. He hasn’t yet given the details of his proposal. Until he spells out his tax program Monday, members of the House and Senate are withholding much comment. The teacher-state worker raises would qost about $26 million yearly — $24 million for schools, $2 million for state employes. One thing is very obvious as the is election year. On one side are the teachers and the .state employes who have a big stake in this special session. (Gov. Shivers has recommended the compromise $402 raise for teachers and $120 raise for state workers.) On the other side are the taxpayers. Problem of the legislators is to finance the raise with a tax program that will bring down as little wrath as possible. The first of the governor’s tax program, a levy on the gathering of gas for pipelines, is one which is generally popular. The governor said he has a bill he believes will be constitutional which will raise the $14 million a economic and commercial matters. The atomic problem is one of a half dozen issues requiring Dulles’ attention when he gets back to his desk tomorrow. Other problems are; 1. A final decision in the loyally case of career diplomat John Paton Davie» Jr., a target of Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis). Davies was cleared seven times by Stale Department boards in the Truman administration but was subjected to reinvestigation by Dulles last spring, 2. Preparing an answer to McCarthy’s demand for an explanation of why State Department security officer Scott McLeod was stripped of control over department personnel March 1. McCarthy has been a supporter of McLeod. 3. Reassuring Syngman Rhee’s South Korean government the United States will support South Korean intcrestes at the forthcoming conference with the Communists at Geneva, and that it desires .South Korean consultation here on policies and plans for the Geneva meeting. Indochina Again 4. Arranging for close consultations with Britain and France not only on the Korean phase of the Senators Will Study Biller Row WASHINGTON. March 14 UB— The Senate UeiMiblican leadership called today (or a swift, under-oath showdown between .Sen, McCarthy (H-Wis) and top Army officials In their ever-swelling feud. The Senate GOP Policy Con> mittee will meet Tuesday to consider how best to find the answers in the biller row' now marked by: 1. An official .Army report to senators alleging pressure tactics by McCarthy and aides on hi» Senate Investigations subcommittee to win special privileges for wealthy Pvt. G. David Schine, a drafted former nunpatd consultant on its staff. 2, McCarthy's countercharge that (he Army had attempted to “black-mail” the subcommittee inUi dropping its investigation of communism in the Army, by using threats against Schine as “a club.” 3. A conflict of views as to which of various {possible congressional groups ought to investigate the whole situation. Tired of ‘Yak-Yaking’ McCarthy told a news conference ATIANTA March 14 Torna-1 million dollars damage In the Law-1 in Appleton. Wls., he believes the Hii- winds' ’the South’s dreaded I son-Ft. Henning area came in the ! American |H.*ople are getting tired . I . --------C119    of all the “yak-yaking” in the dis pute, and assured rcporter.s that “I am very sick of it too.” He indicated he might seek to Tornadle Winds Rip Georgia; 7 Killed s as international springtime killers, paid return vis- destruction ol eigl lemisphcre a por-    central    and    western    Georgia    !’’Flying Boxcar pla eight huge ties. These 35- driven Into a parking area where shift the emphasis on his fight 10 of 13 big gasoline tnicks were smashi'd bv the wind - driven iured 70 or m’ore and rolled up bled about and two of them were damage of 23 million dollars plus.    —Lino    vuhnre The principal sufferers were the Macon and Columbus areas where , less Dther major damage in the mlli-dld 30 million dollars damage less    included    destruction of than a year ago.    »,    3 ‘¿.50-foot paratroop jump training Two were killed in Macon, three ^    g^^ pt. Bcnning and the par- others In rural areas near thi> cen- destruction of a new $500.000 tral Georgia city and two at    1    school and the main post weapons son Air Force Base, adjoining cl-jpool building at Benning.     ,....... ____________ Henning just outside Columbus on | /^pout three hours after Lawson half of Schine, a pal of Cohn. Georgia’s western border. Two ba- ^,g^    tornadoes raked Mu- bles and two oiber children were \    area about 20 miles among the dead.    |    jo the south-southwest of the city, Macon Hard Hit    |    striking at about the same time. 'The injured In the Macon area : -fhese storms moved In from the ran to about 50. with 20 or more . southwest but It couldn’t be deter- with the Army — back to the handling of the promotion and discharge of Maj, Irving Beress, whom he describes as ’ Beress, the Fifth Amendment Communist.” Tiie Army reixut named McCarthy and the subcommittee’» chief counsel, Roy Cohn, and th* group’s chief of staff, Frank P. Carr, as having interceded In b«- mined whether either was the one that had banged the Columbus area earlier. THE WEATHER hurt badly enough to require admission to hospitals. The Lawson storm put three in hospitals and inflicted lesser hurts on    17 others. Violent thunderstorms    and high wind accompanied the    toriiadic conditions over much of Georgia and Alabama last night but a <lrop in temperatures and clearing skies    u. h. dh*aktmi-.nt or < oh.mi r< e removed the tornado threat    abii.fne *Al7D*\*icmiTY'*^ r*ir »nd First    of the series of inree ¡    Oinlgiu, »llifhtly warmer xtormx struck    '    IrS’..- ’i!SSr'‘S. 9:45 last night, ripiied    the root    «o-es from a barracks-type buildings and    NOKtn    cp;ntral    texar- oenwraiiy crushed    frmoidhs^ld Undu .luyncr    ' as she    slept in her crib in the    west    tkxab    K»ir    and »aimer Mon- ciiupfor« nf hpr narcnts    .Slit 1 C. day Tuehda.v partly cloudy attd inUd, quarters 01 ner parenis,    central    texas:    Partly and Mrs, James T. Joyner. Airman 3.c. Bobby T Robinson. 22. of Dublin, Ga, was killed by flying debris while doing .sentry duty on the flight line. A large part of the estimated 20 cloudy and warmer Monday Tuesday partly cloudy and mild Motierate to east «Inds on Ute coa»t, becoming aoutheast-erly by Tuesday TKMPEKATTREH McCarthy in turn let fly a serie» of memos from Carr and Cohn alleging that Secretary of the Army .Stevens and John G. Adams, the .Army’s general counsel, had attempted “blackmail” tactics against the .subcommittee, and that Stevens sought to get the subcommittee to start Investigating the Navy, Air Force and Defense Department Instead of the Army. Stevens denied this, McCarthy, due back here tonight from a sp4<aking trip to Wisconsin, is demanding that his subcommittee — now divided on the idea— .'.huuld handle the inquiry itself and hear him repeat his accusations under oath. McCarthy held off replying to a speech — obviously aimed at him in which Vice I’resident Nixon last night told the nation that reckless statements and "questionable” investigating tactics are hurting the Eisenhower IN SAVAGE FIGHT Screaming Rebels Ripped by French SI X. A as HANOI, Indochina. March 14 —Thousands of bugle - blowing, wildly screaming Vietminh rebels raced down from the hills encircling Dien Rien Phu last night In a savage all-out assault on the big French Union fortress. They attacked again and again but the defenders beat them off each time and the Communist-led rebels finally retreated Into the hills this morning. They left more than 1,000 killed and wounded on the battlefield, the year lost when the gas gathering i French said. The defenders also tax voted a few years ago was j suffered “appreciable losses” in held unconstitutional. Law makers j ^loody hand-to-hand fighting, but ‘ kept their airstrip open to evacu have long hoped for such a tax— a tax which would be on Texas gaj exported to other states. This tax escapes most Texas taxes, hut is levied on by states which use it. That would take care of $14 of the $26 million needed. The other $12 million, Shivers suggested, would come from increased beer taxes and from the franchise tax —the right of a corporation to do business in Texas. Shivers has not yet disclosed how much each would pay. Texas now collects about $15 million yearly from the franohi.se tax, at the rate of $1.25 on each $1.000 of a company’s capital stock. The beer tax, now $1.37 a barrel, rals- ate dead and wounded and fly in reinforcements. The battle probably was the most savage yet fought in the 7-year-old war in Indochina. The rebels may have intended the assault as pressure on the Asian conferees who meet in Geneva April 26. Or they could have Intended it to be decisive. The monsoon rains begin in about a month, making battle difficult, If not impossible. If the Vietminh could crash the fortress of Dien Bien Phu. which lies 175 miles west of Hanoi and 50 miles south of Lai Chau, they would score their first major victory. But, if little more than $5 million I the French could put the rebel ef- es a yearly. If the franchise tax were to be hiked 20 per tent, the state’s take from that source would be $3 million. So, $14 million from the gas gathering measure and $3 million from Increased franchise taxes would leave $9 million to flow from the beer barrels. If the beer tax were tripled, an additional $10 million would be in See TEACHERS, Pag# $-A, Col. 6 fcctives around Dien Bien Phu out of action they would break the back of Ho Chi Minb's striking power. The four divisions there are the elite, best-trained, best-equipped of Ho’s eight fighting divisions. The battle of the Dust Bowl, where the French are staking their defense of the tribal Thai people, started at 5 p m. yesterday with a Vietminh attack which increased in Intensity during the night and early morning today, j French army headquarters said i the Communist-led rebels, in the ; first waves of the attack, lost 1,000 , killed and wounded on the barbed-wire barricades protecting the heavily gunned and American-supplied fortress. A spokesman said 100 rebel bodies were found in the barbed wire. A later official French casualty estimate put the number of rebel dead at 1,000, with “hundreds” wounded. The French, with tanks, mobile artillery and heavy machinegun fire, mowed down the attacking Vietminh, The Vietminh, drawing on an estimated 36,000 to 46,000 men entrenched for the last 115 days in the surrounding hills, outnumber the French at least four to one. They apparently counted on this numerical superiority to overwhelm the Freiuh Union defenders of Dien Bien Phu in a desperate bid to complete their conquest of all the Thai country. Army headquarters said the Vietminh slrean.ed out of their foxholes and trenches, some within 800 yards of the center of th» fortress, and cascaded by the thousands in the wake of a heav> mortar and artillery barrage. The rebels pounded all the French gun positions. Their infantrymen, screaming wUdly. firing rifles, pistols and submaehlneguns and hurling razor-sharp bambon spears, dashed headlong into the barbed wire barricades guarding the French positions. Down the coast, several French battalions have captured the important Vietminh port of Qulnhon, on the coast of Annam 250 mile.s northeast of Saigon, the French high command announced. 130 2*....... 2    30 37      3    3» 34 ............... 4    30 22 ............... 6    30    .......... 21   «10 ....... 24      7    10    ....... 30      8    30    .......... 1;,      tl    3»    ..... (8    10    30    ... 41      II    ,30    . 44    12    30 IUkIi »nd low tpmpiTiàtu’-^» for 24 hour* endt-d »I 8 30 p in M) »i.cl 21 High and low trmperaturei »»mr d»te I»;,t    78    »nd    SO .Sunsfl l»*t night 8 4.Í p m. Siini today 8 51 ■ m. SiJtisrt Utnlght » 48. lUrometer reatllng »t 9 30 pm. 28 43, KrUUvr huniMHy *t 8 30 p m 31% hi n. p. m I administration. "I won’t dignify any of the remarks by making a .statement on 44! them,” McCarthy said. “The rec-Olds s|)eak for themselves. ’ 4j I “.Maybe,” he suggested, ‘’my i2 frieiuls in Washington have a gentle way of getting Communists out of government, i invite them to proceed.” To Preis Peres* Prob« He said he Intends to press tlie Pere.ss investigation — the one in Set SHOWDOWN, Page 5-A, Col. 4 VANDAIi* mi) THIS—Andrew Charette. 5, is unable to run and plav because of a paralyzed shoulder — a result of a polio attack. But he could ride his tricycle. Here Andrew sadly surveys the ruins of his vehicle. Someone stole it from Andrew’s yard and wrecked it. It was found on a nearby playfield. ;