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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 15, 1938, Abilene, Texas ®fje Allene Sporter ~-WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS GOES,"-Biron VOL. LYM, NO. 297. AiMdUtd Presa (in ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 15, 1938 —TWELVE PAGES I?atte# Pi aaa (CP) PRICE 5 CENTS WITH HAPSBURG PALACE AS BACKGROUND-Hitler Proclaims Absorption Of Austria Into Reich 'Europe's Smartest Little Statesman'— BENES SITS CALMLY ON CZECH POWDER KEG Can the “smartest little statesman” In Europe pull the Czechs out of the fire? Heres the story of Dr. Eduard Benes, president of Czechoslovakia and, with Dr. Thomas O. Masaryk. a founder of the post-war republic. With 3.500.000 Germans within its borders, Czechoslovakia has been put in a spot by Hitler's recent declaration that the fatherland will “protect” German minorities in other countries. PRAHA. Mar. 15 — (/Pi — If any country ever needed a strong man and a wise one at its helm it is Czechoslovakia today. And she has such a leader in Dr. Eduard Benes. His strength he got early in life. He was one of ll children of a farmer who lived near Pizen (Pil-sen) on the borderland where Czechs and Germans mingle. His wisdom he has been acquiring throughout his 53 years. With two brothers. Benes shared a room at Praha university. The cupboard often was bare. At 21, Eduard, with only 30 frans in his pocket, went to study at the Sor-bonne, in Paris. In three years he had won his LLD degree with a dissertation on Tile Austrian Prob- See BENES, Pf. 3, Col. 5 Here s the agile president oi Czechoslovakia giving the gen tlemen of the press his opinions of European affairs. Nazi Fuehrer Boards Plane For Germany Thousands Cheer Madly As Conqueror Rides Into Heroes' Square For Speech VIENNA, March 15. (AP)—Adolf Hitler, his triumph in Vienna completed, late today departed from the Aspern airport by plane, presumably for Munich. The Fuehrer’s departure came at the end of a day during which his career seemed to reach its zenith. With the imperial palace of the Hapsburgs as a background he proclaimed this morning to frenzied Viennese throngs the end of Austrian independence |- i British Warning Given Germany Nation May Act On Invasion Of Czechoslovakia AUSTRIANS SALUTE HITLER AT CITY OF HIS BIRTH CAPITULATION RUMORED — Loyal Capital 4 Sentenced In Forgery Cases Three Defendants Draw. Terms Of Two Years Each Pleas of guilty to indict merits charging felony violations of Texas laws continued in 104th district court Tuesday morning and at the noon recess Judge W. R. Chapman had meted out three prison sentences of two years each, all for forgeries, a five-year suspended sentence, also for forgery. and a jail sentence and fine. Five other defendants had been given two-year prison sentences Monday, all on pleas of guilty. E A. Wilcher, believed head of a forgery ring that operated in West Texas and New Mexico, was the first arraigned before the court today. Upon his plea of guilty he drew a two-year sentence Jack Cok*r pleaded guilty to forgery and passing of a forged Instrument and was sentenced to serve two years in prison. Stanley Riggs, 18, arrested with Coker and charged with the same offense. was next arraigned. He pleaded guilty and asked for a suspended sentence which was granted because of his youth. His five-year term was ordered suspended on good behavior. Les Harvey, an accomplice of Wilcher, received tw'o years on a plea of guilty. It was Harveys first conviction bul against him elsewhere denied him the right of a suspended sentence. A. G. Fur low received a sentence of five days in Jail, a $50 fine and suspension of his driver’s license for six months after pleading guilty to driving drunk March 29. 1937. Trial of Robert S. Dunn on eight indictments charging him with forgery by alteration was ordered reset today for April I. R. O. Neal, under indictment on six forgery charges, was ordered to be tried March 30. Other cases set for April I were R. O. Neal, swindling. and Robert Fancher, drunk driving. Roosevelt To Send More Messages To Legislators Soon In Panic " Franco Troops Crack Defense and the entrance of his native land “into the German reich.” GREATEST TRIUMPH Madly cheered by hundreds of thousands of Austrians, the fuehrer rode into Heroes’ square outside the palace through the great stone arch of the emperor which bears the inscription, “justice is the foundation of government.” While Hitler presided over the greatest triumph of his meteoric career, his lieutenants took over all functions of the Austrian government. The Austrian treasury was absorbed by the German treasury. Hitler's foreign minister took over all Austria's foreign relations with the outside world. Austria became merely a gau — district—of the German realm, Vienna a provincial German city, Chancellor Arthur Seysz-Inquart MUNICH, Germany, March 15—(AP)—Adolf Hitler arrivwl here by special airplane tonight, returning from his triumphal four-day visit to Austria, which he absorbed into the German nation. WASHINGTON, March 15. (UP) — The White House said today that ’■‘reside*. Ri vstvolt plans >.0 send three and possibly four messages to congress in the near future. White House Secretary Stephen T. Early said that Mr. Roosevelt contemplates messages dealing with the monopoly situation, phosphates resources and the offer by the Hungarian government of a proposal for settling its debt to the United States. In addition, it was Indicated, the president may send to congress a message dealing with the railroad situation, although this w*as expected to be dependent upon discussions opening today on problems facing the carriers. British Steamer Bombed Af Port Seaman Killed, Four Wounded In Plane Attack Thunder Of Rebel Offensive Heard In Barcelona PARIS, March 15.—(UP)— The Spanish New* agency (loyalist) said today it had unconfirmed rumors that the government at Barcelona had sent an offer of capitulation to the Insurgents but that the agency was unable to reach Barcelona by telephone. A report from Perpignan said French authorities on the frontier had received information that Barcelona government authorities started by automobile for the frontier when the situation became untenable. merely “governor of Austria" —so addressed significantly by the fuehrer himself. The new government announced that Jews no longer can vote. 9cysz-Inquart, introducing Hitler to the throng in Heroes’ square, solemnly proclaimed to the world Hitler had come in this significant hour as “fuehrer and reichschan-cellor in the Hofburg (palace) of the old imperial capital, the guardian of the crown.” Some of his hearers took this as a hint that Hitler one day might; Jan Masaryk, the Czech minister to assume that crown.    London. Hitler, ’’•ho reached Vienna yes- 1 Thus. It was felt LONDON. March 15.—LU}—Prime Minister Chamberlain was determined today to match the armed might of Adolf Hitler before publicly pledging Britain to support Czechoslovakia against German aggression. There were Indications that Britain privately had told Germany she might be compelled to act lf Chancellor Hitler sought to bring the Germany minority In Czechoslovakia into the German nation, as without opposition he absorbed Austria. Publicly however, Chamberlain refrained yesterday in his address to the House of Commons from any guarantee of aid to Czechslo-vakia. Nevertheless, the British ambassador. Sir Neville Henderson, told ' Field Marshal Goering in Berlin, diplomatic Informants said, that Britain considered "binding" h I s friendly assurances to Czechoslovakia on Saturday. Goering is acting chancellor in Hitler’s absence in I Austria. NOTE TO CZECH MINISTER A similar communication went to As Adolf Hitler rode through I was bom on his Journey to I him by cheering Austrian*, the streets of the city where he ■ vienna, th#* nail taint* »•« fHv-n * Vienna the nazi salute was given City Land Is Leased For Lake Kirby Deep Oil Test Forest To Seek Palo Pinto Pay As Franc Tumbles- BLUM SEEKS TO ACCELERATE' FRENCH PRODUCTION OF ARMS terday for the climax of his triumphal journey from Berlin, announced for Austria — “the most thoroughly German outpost of the ! central Europe. German people"—its “new mission." to be henceforth “the newest bul- here. Britain had given an implied warning to Germany of a determination to uphold the remaining boundaries of Britain’s present five-year defense program, in its second year, is to wark of the German nation and cost $7,500 000,000 but the■figure therefore of the German reich.” “Through centuries in troubled times of the past,” he declared, “storms of the east have broken on the border of the old eastern outpost (Ostmark, the old name for Austria). “In centuries to come, for all may be raised to $10,000,000,000. See HITLER. Page 12. Col. 5 BARCELONA. Mar. 15— (U)—A British seaman was killed and four indictments I others wounded today when the British steamer Stanwell was bombed by an unidentified plane and set afire at the Spanish port of Tarragona. A Danish nonintervention observ- ! sought was refused er also was wounded. The Stanwell, a 5,747-ton vessel Modem Italo Armv registered from London, was still    ' ,u'u nrmy burning hours after it was hit and Devastates SDOin U'ftC KaIipvpH    tnt a I lncc HENDAVE, Franco-Spanish frontier, March 15.—(Ut—Extreme left elements were reported to be moving to seize power in Barcelona, the capital of Loyalist Sain, as loyalist defense lines crumbled back toward the Catalonian border today. Dispatches from Barcelona de- /ei .    .    m scribed scenes of panic in the city Shooting Report and said the thunder of the nationalist attack could be heard from the west, where desperate loyalist troops have failed to halt a four-dav drive by forces of Generalissimo Francisco Franco. Reliable reports said that Loyalist Premier Juan Negrln flew to Paris earlier this week and made a desperate appeal for French artillery and airplanes. The aid he Not Fully Solved was believed total loss The bombing occurred shortly be- ! fore dawn. Half an hour before an insurgent hydroplane was brought down and its five occupants burned to death. Officials said they all were Germans. Hull To Broadcast WASHINGTON. March 15.—(UP) —Tile NHC today made arrange-nents for world-wide broadcast of in address by Secretary Hull Thurs-iay, on U. S. foreign policy. Tou will li\e — IL oxwovJL By BLANCHE avowe FERGUSON It is the fascinating story of a girl’s struggle with life and her own warring emotions. Starts Today Rail Labor Votes To Fight Pay Cuts WASHINGTON. March 15—(UP) —Railway labor voted today to resist vigorously wage reductions which would affect nearly 1,000.000 employes and which have been proposed by directors of the Association of American Railroads. George M. Harrison, president of the Railway Labor Executives' association. which includes all railroad unions, announced the decision to fight wage cuts as he emerged from the executives’ meeting to attend the White House meeting called by President Roosevelt to consider the railroads’ critical financial and economic problems. Canton Subjected To Severe Aerial Raid , CANTON. China. March 15.— (UP)—Canton was subjected today to the most severe raid of Japanese bombing planes in wacks. Casualties reportedly were numerous. Thirty huge bombs were dropped on the Hienho airdrome, the industrial suburb of Saichuen, and the residential district of Tungshan. Enigma of a shooting re port last night that had policemen scattered all over south Abilene was not entirely solved today. Their quest resulted from a call from Jerry Abbott who reported hearing a shot fired and a woman scream. Young Abbott, son of Mr. and Mrs. L. M Abbott, said he had just parked before his parents' dairy farm. An automobile stood beside the road about 150 yards south of the house. The excitment started near South Twentieth and Palm streets. Night officers found thai two boys and two girls in that section of the town had a pistol used in starting races. Theorizing further officers thought of possibilily the boys were trying to frighten their “dates” by shooting the blank cartridges. However, the two couples said Italian planes took part in the in-Ithpy firpd 8evpral Times while Ab- I bott heard only one shot. Time See SPAIN. Page 12, Col. 5 about 10:30 p. rn. Brothers Given Two Years Each COLORADO. March 15.— (Bpi.)— Two prison sentences of two years each w*ere Imposed by Judge A. S. Mauzey Monday as 32d district iourt session in colorado entered its final week. The sentences were given to Nat and Edd Williams, brothers, on one count each of burglary and two counts each of attempted burglary. The two were Indicted by the grand jury two weeks ago within less than 24 hours after they had allegedly entered the J. D. Woods filling station and attempted entry at tv^o other places. Both men have done time at Huntsville for car theft and burglary, according to Dick Hickman, chief of Colorado police. PARIS, March 15—<£•)—Premier ■ Leon Blum, beset by war fears and internal political-financial tension, j called military officials Into confer- ! ence today to expedite production I of fighting equipment. National Defense Minister Edouard Daladier. Navy Minister Cesar Campinchi and Air Minister <tl La Chambre were summoned for a technical discussion with workers’ i groups of the best method of strengthening France to meet the danger of war. The conference w*as one of many | , the premier had With French officials and foreign diplomats, Including talks with the envoys of Russia. France’s ally in the east, and of the hard-pressed Spanish government. Financial troubles became more ! acute as the franc fell to 33.55 to i the dollar, lowest point since the franc was stabilized by the Poincare government In 1928. It was reported in chamber of deputies corridors that parties of the right, which are not participating in the new' government of Premier Leon Blum, were being sounded out again on the initiative of President Albert Lebrun as to the formation of a national union government lf Blum's regime is shortlived.    , Blum was trying for supprt of all parties but political sources thought there was little likelihood of success. Deputies were of the opinion that Blum would win a majority in his first appearance in the chamber but run into serious trouble thereafter. MADRID, March 15.—CP—Ancient Spain is being devastated, a government communique said today. by a 20th century Italian army. Describing the Spanish insurgent march eastward toward the Medi-1 terranean, the government itself I told of artillery and motorized col-1 limns and bombing planes sweeping through the ancient land that once I was part of the Roman empire. Italian troops and German and 1 Dust Clouds Track Oklahoma Twister OKLAHOMA CITY. Mar. IS—<VP> —Dust clouds billowed over parts of western Oklahoma today after a night of freakish weather which included a tornado, hail and heavy thundershowers. Light ram cleared the air at Guymon in the panhandle. But a new dust storm blew* into Beaver from the northwest this morning cutting visibility to less than half a mile. ONE OUT OF EVERY THREE VICTIM— Ifs Not A Cold-Just Rehearsal For Pneumonia; And Even The Doctors Have Been Doing It By MAURINE EASTES ROE First Friend: What — you gotta cold? Second Friend: No. T haven-’th goth no cold. F. F.: Then what's the matter? S. F.r Justh rehearthing for pneumonia. That bit of dialogue is borrowed from radio: at least, from a person who said she heard it on the radio. You couldn't prove it by me, for I just shut ’em off. Just like I’d like to shut off this rehearsal I got started on last week; and like' a lot of folks would Uke to shut off my broadcasts on aches and pains I rnors. Whispers all around of Took BIV first practice bow Wed- | "strepticoccus." (Why shouldn't I nesday morning with the dryest tell It: couldn’t think of anything throat ever had. Got no applause else. and besides had to have an whatsoever from fellow sufferers in alibi.) Saturday, terrific headache. (Ill have you know I’m not that kind of a girl reporter, and besides I Bette the office. (The day sports editor coughs, the managing editor twitches his nose *> keep from sneezing, the fat rn editor barks, the telegraph have no ambitions to be a editor snorts, and the boys on the Davis anyway ) day runs lisp most of the time. And . Sunday, throat better but head they have attle sympathy for the much worse. Dug into medicine other fellow—they re too busy blow - chest for nose drops, and second mg their own noses.)    time found somebody had moved Second bow was Thursday, with that bottle with skull and cross white sore throat. Broadcast some , about that too and it started ru- J See COLDS Page IL CoL f Craft Race To Disabled Ship ■ Fire In Boiler Room Brought Under Control MOBILE, Ala.. March 15.—>/T>— Two coast guard vessels raced to the assistance of the tanker Andrew Jackson, reported disabled after bringing under control a fire In its boiler room early today, southern division headquarters of the coastguard said here. The cutter Saranc and the 165-foot patrol boat Triton were steaming to the aid of the vessel, whose position was given as off the Louisiana coast. The Triton was expected to reach the scene about midnight, guard authorities said. Advices received from the disabled ship said her uptakes and air tubes were damaged in the fire, and that she was drifting about two miles per hour in a northwestward j direction. No one was injured, coastguard officers said. Soviet Explorers Acclaimed Heroes MOSCOW, March 15.— ^—The four Soviet explorers rescued Feb. 19 from a drifting ice floe in the Arctic ocean were acclaimed as heroes upon their return to Leningrad today aboard the icebreaker Yerbak. Army planes escorted the Yerbak into the harbor. Leaflets welcoming lean Papanin, leader of the expedition and his three companions, were dropped. Tile return of Papanin’s party was timed to come after the trial of 21 alleged traitors to the Soviet cause. Critic Opposed For TVA Probe Norris Demands Bridges Withdraw From Investigation WASHINGTON. March 15.—(4P>— Senate discussion of the proposed Investigation of the Tennessee Val-j ley authority branched off today in-; to argument whether Senator j Bridges <R-NH> should serve on the j inquiry committee. Senator Norris tlnd-Neb) called on the young New Englander to I eliminate himself from considera-I Hon. He said Bridges, as the sen-' ate's most vociferous critics of the TVA, had shown himself to be pre-j Judiced. Norris said he himself would not ; serve, because of his known interest in the welfare of TVA . Bridges countered with the statement that he wanted a thorough investigation and that he hoped he would be appointed as the committees republican member. Under a resolution which Norris introduced yesterday, the committee would be composed of five senators. appointed by Vice President Gamer. Second Indictment Of Whitney Sought Abilene Leases 1,473 Acres In Blocked Section K. B. Nowels, chief engineer tot the Forest Development corporation of Abilene, today announced leasing of 1.473 acres of city owned land three miles southeast ol Abilene and virtual completion of commercial blocking for a proposed Palo Pinto oil test near Lake Kirby. The city land, which includes th* lake, was taken on a five-yeaz commercial lease for payment ol $2 per acre bonus and $1 rentals. Nowels said the deep oil test would likely be drilled on the city property. The lease purchase culminated nearly * year of legal w*ork in assembling the block on a structure first drilled 20 years ago. OLD WELLS ACQUIRED Altogether, ii teats have been drilled In the area, four of them still producing today. Forest Development acquired the wells last year. Leased by the city are the following tracts: sections 13, 9. wesl half of 14 and the southeast quarter of section 66, all in Lunatic Asylum land survey. Other acreage includes the south half of the southwest quarter of section 8, same survey, on which operators Skaggs Ai Brewer of Mineral Wells drilled a small pro-ducer two years ago; the north half of the southwest quarter of section 8. and the south half of the northeast quarter of the southeast quarter of section 8, pur* See WELL, Page 12. Col. 4 Sweetwater To Bid For WTCC Conclave SWEETWATER. March 15. (Spl> —The board of city development voted last night to put Sweetwater in the running for the 1939 convention of the West Texas chamber of commerce. The board instructed Secretary George Barber to start work toward getting a large delegation to attend the convention at Wichita Falls next month, to boost Sweetwa-er for next year's meeting. Barber also is to start contacting other cities in West Texas, asking for their support. The Weather Jews Flee Vienna WARSAW. March 15. (UP) — Trains arriving from Vienna are bringing large numbers of Polish Jews w’ho had taken up residence in Austria but now are fleeing nazi rule. I NEW YORK. March 15.—<JP)—A second indictment for grand larceny will be sought today against Richard Whitney, broker and five ! times president of the New York Stock exchange—this one for the | theft of $109,384 from the New York j Yacht club. I Whitney yesterday pleaded guilty ■ to an indictment for grand larceny ' —the theft of $105,000 from a trust i fund in which his wife and her sister were the chief beneficiaries. Either today or tomorrow he will appear at a court psychiatric clinic for the customary mental examination in preparation for sentencing. set for March 28. Meanwhile he is free in ba ii of $10, OOO. ABILENE snd vicinity; Partly cloudy ] tonight and Wednesday, cooler tonight. West Texas; Fair tonight and Wednes* < day, cooler in southeast portion tonight; slightly warmer la north portion YVednes- dsv. East Texas: Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday; cooler tonight. Highest temperature yesterday ... Ag Lowest temperature this morning 54 TE MI EP. ATI KE* Mon. pm. 85 88 87 88 86 84 79 73 «« 64 ex it—ilji? ::::: Midnight i    *rn Im    i Noon Sunrise Sunset ............ 7 p m. J a.m. 12:39 p rn Dry thermometer .    83-    55*    72« Wet thermometer .    53*    40*    48* Relative humidity .    I    IS    Id Tun. am. 59 56 56 56 54 55 54 55 58 62 65 60 70 6:49 6:47 ;