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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 14, 1944, Abilene, Texas t BOX SCORE ON RED CROSS DRIVE bounty quota    $69,000.00 Gifts Tuesday morning 1,538.99 Contributions to date    31,600.15 W(\t Abilene Reporter -JBtetos EYEWINK FINAL 'VOL. LXIII, NO. 271 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE 'IO TRIL SDS OR FOES XX I SKI ICH TOI R \\ ORLD EXAC I LA AS 11 OOI S —Byron TWELVE PAGES ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH ll, 1944 Associated Pre ss (AP) United Press (UP.) PRICE FU E CEN ISNazi 'Dunkirk' Near ai: dessa NAVY GETTING DOZEN SHIPS DAILY; HALF MILLION MEN NEEDED * WASHINGTON, March 14- I’— covered "some of the larger land-Nearly a dozen new ships a day ing craft.'’ are expected to go into service with    * the United States fleet in 1944. Sec- The personnel chief estimated that rotary of the Navy Knox said to- the navy’s total strength by the day. £ He made the report at a news conference attended by Nice Admiral Randall Jacobs, chief of the Bureau of Navy Personnel, who said that nearly half a million officers and men will _ he needed to man the new craft 9 in the rapidly expanding fleet. end of 1944 will be 3,006.000 officers and men. while the total for all bav in disclosing the rate of ship additions. Knox said that the number of ships in the fleet has increased from 913 on January I, 1942 to 4.167 on January I, 1944. construction of 80,000 landing craft by the end of 1944.’’ the Navy. “The Naw's need for officers, men Shore establishments have been and WAVES is more than a re combed," the secretary said, for sea-going officers, capacities of naval reserve midshipmen’s schools All these ships. Knox continued have been increased, one new mici- placemcnt need,” he declared. "It is a continuing one that will be met only when the expansion of the fleet lias been accomplished.” a1 services, including marines and    rv.uire competent trained person-    shipmen s school has been opened Coast Guard, is expected to be ap-    nel and the Navy, to meet its needs    and the November I graduating    j    Discussing the war    against J Droximately 3 700 000    for enlisted personnel, gradually has    date of naval reserve corps classes    Kn< *. icported that    cai hoi- yi    ......4*^ o*7 AAtlorrAc Hoe* hr* en    ain    -aft    arr    rips!    rn    VI    no    PtlPniV    r Jacobs added that the maximum    j been increasing selective service strength of the navy will not be    quotas and recruiting young sea- reached until some time in 1945,    going officers particularly needed but said that he believed a "level-    for amphibious operations, cargo Jacobs added that the dozen ships    ing off" in inductions for the Navy    transports and destroyer escorts. a day    figure is based wholly    on sea-    could be started by the end of this    "This is a continuing neec. k sal coing    vessels and dues not    include    vear when the three millidh mark    of the officer program, adding t ta s although the total will be passed.    it is "exemplified in the scheduled small auxiliaries in 27 colleges has been advanced. Ile added that the Navy plans to continue without change its program of training men in colleges under a program which he said has performed "a vital task” in producing prospective deck officers and specialists for Japan, •borne airei aft are destroying enemy planes at a rate of better than 13 to I in the current central Pacific offensive He said that more than 600 Japanese planes had been dcs-j troy. d in major actions since last I November, against American navy plane losses of only 45, Turks Report Ships Rushed To Red Port Rumanian Bringin Peace Bid to Allies Bl LI.E I IN LONDON. Via reb 14.— (XT' — Russian troops have crossed the middle Hug river iii the western Ukraine and formed several bridgeheads southwest of (.'man, the German radio said tonight. Eire--Churchi IRISH ALREADY HAVE U.S. PLANS, COMMONS HEARS LONDON. March 14    V—Prince Barbu Stirbey. former premier of Rumania, travelling on a special pass granted by the British government, is enroute from Ankara to represent a Rumanian peace bid to Allied authorities in Cairo, British press dispatches from Turkey said today. Diplomatic circles maintained a wait-and-see attitude toward the reported mission, but some significance was attached here to the fact that the dispatches emphasized permission to enter Allied territory had bren given stirbey by the British. Stirbey began his mission three weeks ago, with full approval of Fvrrv available shin in Ru- Marshal Ion Antonescue’s government, by holding conversations with ‘ ctNduduit *    ueutral    and    Alhrd caputs in Ankara, the dispatches said. In Cairo, they added, he is expected to contact Lord Moyne, British resident minister, and the Soviet ambassador. Stirbey has long been recognized a - a friend of the Allies, but diplomatic circles said one stumbling block to his reported mission might be the difficulty of convincing the Allies that he had a right to speak   —‘ — I for the whole of Rumania, since LONDON, March 14 (AP) mania s Black sea ports has been rushed north, apparently to Odessa, an Istanbul dispatch said today. This appeared to foreshadow complete collapse of the Germans’ broken southern flank in Russia in a vast scale 1944 Dunkirk, which would pull the battle line back into obviously frightened Rumania. The Istanbul dispatch, based on Information from sofia, suggested the Germans were preparing to evacuate Odessa by sea. Following up Premier St alm s an A Gas Ralion Pared Gallon installations.* LONDON. March 14—(UP'—The Allies intend to isolate Eire coin- nouncemtnt last night of the cap-pletely from the outer world to prevent invasion secrets leaking to the, lure of Kherson, 90 miles east of Axis, Prime Minister Churchill told commons today amid charges that I Odssa, the German high command’s Irish agents already have obtained details of U. S. forces in Ulster and communique said today that base “certain plans of their operations.”    had been evacuated in the course Churchill desc ribed restrictions on tract. between Britain and Ireland of planned d use rn i Bement meccas merely the "first step" toward quarantining Eire from the rest of meats after the destruction of all the world “during the critical period now approaching”—a clear hint military that Britain was planning to close the border between Eire and northern Ireland as well as institute other restrictive measures. Sir William Davison, conservative, charged that agents of the outlawed Irish Republiean Army had been apprehended recently with papers “giving particulars of American forces in I Mer and with certain plans of their operations." He asked Churchill directly whether he did not consider closure of the Eire-northern Ireland frontier therefore essential. “I prefer to confine myself to a statement in general terms today Kherson fell to Gen Rodion K Malinovsky’s Third Ukraine army, made up of Stalingrad veterans, after a lightning 23-mile rush down the west bank of the Dnieper, Marshal Stalin announced in an order cf the day last night. The city is 90 miles cast of Odessa, el Churchill said. “All necessary measures within the limits of which I have ape funnel for the Germans into WASHINGTON, March 14— ( \ ")—Reduction of the basic "A” gasoline ration from three to two gallons a week in the Midwest and Far West, effective March 22. wa- announced today b* the Office of rricc administration. Vt the same time, the "B supplemental* ration ceiling on the Pacific coast will be trimmed from 460 to 400 miles a month. No change is scheduled for any of the present rations in the 17 east coast states and the District of Columbia, already on an “A” card allotment of two gallons a week. he probably represents only one faction of the deeply divided countr; However, with the Red armit? I nearing the Rumanian border it it | an opportune time for Rumania tc seek any kind of peace if she wants to prevent lier country from be-I coming a battlefield, it was pointed j out Rumanians have recently been I reported storming all trains in a ! flight from the threatened eastern pr« winces. j St lr bey was once exiled to Sw it-Zetland by former King Carol, whom he bitterly opposed. British Forces in Middle East Move BARKLEY LEAVES WHITE HOUSE WITH A SMILE—With a broad smile on his fate, Sen. Alhen Barkley (D-K.v) (center) leaves the White House after his first call on Prcsi-^ricnt Roosevelt following his recent attack on the President’s veto of the new tax bill. At right is Rep. John VV. McCormack (O-Mass.), House majority leader, and at left, Associated Press reporter Douglas B. Cornell. (AP Wirephoto). described will of course, be taken as they are deemed necssary.’’ He told another questioner that censorship of mail between northern and southern Ireland, as well as other anti-espionage matters, were receiving "constant and vigilan* attention "Jf a catastrophe were to occur to me Allied armies which could be tracel to the retention of German and Japanese representatives in Dublin.” Churchill said, “a Rulf would be opened between Great Britain on one hand and southern Ireland on the other which even generations wouldn’t bridge.    ,     '    '    l_ "We for some time past ha*e taken a number of measures to minimize dangers arising I rom the -Troops in Italy Still Mudbound Pair Saves Flier in W ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, March 14—A'—The weather has improved in Italy but the ground remains extremely soft, holding both the Allied and Ger- At, patrol operations which yesterday Crackup Near An Abilene Army Air    base civilian <    200 yards    further    from    the    crash. man armies mudbound    except    for    employe and a soldier    visiting his    rho tushed    >    rn    pla    .*    ai. » found Tye home on furlough saved the , w    w. , life of 2d. Lt. Barton T. Williams, included sharp clashes near Min* ^ {)f Qn. Mlnn when hLs P,47 turno and    Cassino on    the main    fighter plane crashed    a short, dis- Fifth army    front, headquarters    an-    tance north of the base    at 6:30 p. rn. £ nounced today    ! Monday and burst into flame. substantial disservice to the Allicu cause involved in the retention by Mr. (Prune Minister Eamon> de Valera's government of the German minister and the Japanese consul and their staffs in Dublin. “The time has come when these measures must be strengthened and the restrictions on travel to Ireland announced yesterday are the tirst step in a policy designed to isolate Great Britain trom southern Ireland and also isolate southern Ireland from the outer world during the critical period now approaching. Churchill .said the United States took the initiative in approaching Hard Freeze Due n Area Tonight Allied raiders probed the German lines around ( isterna and I ittoria in the beachhead arca below Rome and American troops seized 13 prisoners and dispersed the remainder of a German patrol. The British smashed machine-gun positions and repelled a German attempt to cross the .Moletta river.    I    Polk.    La The Germans launched a fairly btromi attack from three directions against Indian positions on the Eighth army iront last Sunday, it was announced today, and fighting lasted until the Germans withdrew. Artillery, mortars and small arms broke up other attacks during the night. It was estimated that it will take another week at least for the ground to harden sufficiently to permit large scale operations. Col. Harry Weddington, base commander, announced he was recommending that the Merit Award for civilian employes of the War department he presented W. A. I.yday of Tye and the Soldier's medal to I*fc. Walton K. Knight for the rescue. flames bursting from underneath it The pilot’s safety belt was cut with    Eire with a suggestion that the cie a knife and he was pulled out un-    Valera government seek the recall conscious. The two men took him    of Axis diplomatic and consular to the base and he was sent from    representatives because of the "dan-    oromlalM there to the Camp Barkery station | ger to American forces from the    Countv Agent Elmo Cook say presence of Axis missions in Dub- If you jumped the gun with your uctcry gardening, you just shouldn't have. Temperatures expected for Abilene and \ieinity tonight are between 22 and 28 degrees, low enough to get the best of the fruit crop and many vegetables. The weatherman even goes so far as to say snow is possible. Irish potatoes, spinach, onion and such plants are supposed to have enough food reserves to conn back after the predicted freeze, but the rest of the crops don't look so Rumania. If it were true that the Nazis hart given up all hope of other than a seaborne retreat from their last stand in the t kraine, this would explain tlieif terrific resistance in the outskirts of Tarnopol In pre-war Poland, where a see-saw fight raged into the sixth day. Then the Nazis were making a grim attempt lo hold an inland anchor of the front shattered h* the combined Red army offensives. The Russians were pounding within 45 miles of the Dniester already had cut the Odesso-Lw'ow trunk line and left the whole German south flank army with only a cross-border threadworm of single-track spur lines west into Rumania. The peril to Odessa—last hope of I seaborne escape—already w as tweedled ruth Col. Gen. Feodor Tai-• bukin driving upon Nikolaev in his See HESSIANS, Br. 2, < ol. I “We make these reductions reluctantly,' OPA Administrator ( heater Bowles said of the. West 4 tldwfst cut-* "‘ *%    * are entering a period in whvu critical demands will be made on our limited supplies of gasoline, and we are entering it vs itll supplies that are sharply limited as the result of war demands.” I i(-binman figures show, OPA said, that gasoline allocations for the country as a whole will be about nine percent less for the second quarter beginning April I than tor the first quarter, the ration reductions are es peeled to save about 18,0(!0 to 20,OiK) barrels of gasoline a day. Vs in all previous announcements concerning gasoline rationing, the term “midwest” was used to include the mid-south states, where Midwest iigulations apply. Ibis includes I exas. JERUSALEM, March 14— V -British forces in the Middle East ; are engaged in the largest maneuver- staged in the area since the war began. Training in mountain warfare it being stressed in the maneuvers in j the Jordan valley near the Pales* I tine-Trans jordan frontier. 1 (The (lei man-controlled ' Vichy radio said the Turkish-Syrian border hid been closed because of | maneuvers. There was no confirmation of this. however.* „    ,  r ri _ | .  ..... Britons Force Burma Stream Congressmen Get Bid lo Parliament hospital. Regaining consciousness as hr reached the hospital he was able to thank his rescuers. He suffered slight burns and a blow-on the head. Knight, who is stationed at Camp The Merit Award recommended bv Lyday by Col Weddington us f or heroism beyond the call of duty and lilt.” Eire rejected the suggestion. “The British government was .... consulted throughout by the United States government and gave the American approach full support,” he said. Churchill said it was painful for Britain to take restrictive measures said he was walking br- Ute soldier's medal us presented men See EIRE, Bg. 2, ( ok I tween the house and barn at his I of the Army for valorous action not home, 400 yards from the crash directly connected with combat, site, when he saw the plane skint Lyday is an immediate storekccp-Knight, son of treetops. Lydav was near his home cr at the Air base.     —- Mr    and    Mrs.    J.    S.    Knight,    farmed The Weather I ON DON, March 14 unty Agent Elmo Cook says that j 'mc of Commons, by in the sandy sect nut east of here, Uoi fruit growers should lay a thin Ere row of slow-burning wood scrajts near the fruit trees to burn during I* the freeze. The same, he says, will wit work here, but the fire must not be close enough to the trees to scorch them. As for Victory gardens, plants subject to treeze can be covered with containers over which is to br distributed a small amount of soil im — The formal mo- .Dday invited the U. S. conto send a delegation to visit ament. •inbors lialied the action as nut precedent in parliament's State Rights Ballot Bill Passes Senate NKW DEI PUL March 14 —t/P — Hard hitting British troops have crossed the upper reaches of the Chmriwm river in northern Burma, striking a new blow at Japanese forces now harassed by assaults on half a dozen fronts, it was announced today. The liver was forced in several places north of Tannin* hi. a southeast Asia communique said. Tam-antlii L* about Inn miles west of Mogauim and My il k-ma in the Ir-rawaddv valley, toward which Lt. Gen Joseph W StilweU's American and Chinese forces are pro- W ABBINGTON, A states' rights permitting the u federal ballot rn. Prisoners Strike Ides, Death Day, Now Means Taxes just south ol lye before entering the Army. The plane bounced across the lane which leads southward from highway 80 just east of Tye and stopped inside the Homer and Howard Laney farm. J a. ill PARI MI VI OI C'OMMlRt'E xx i \ I ll I Ii in Kl VI ABILENE AND VICINITY Cloudy with rain today. Rain or snow and much colder temperature* tonight and Wednesday Cold wave with tempo a tures tonight 22 to 28 degree*. Highest tempeiaturc Wednesday near Heeling, j Strong Mi inds Protect livestock. FOH EAST TEXAS Cloudy with rain today, turning colder northwest portion during afternoon. Ruin < hanging to snow in extreme northwest i rain tonight, except snow in northwest I portion. Much colder north with cold I wave northwest tonight. Lowest tern- j perature 20 to 25 degrees northwest I except 15 to 20 degrees extreme north west. 28 to 34 degree* northeast. Protect livestock. Tomorrow cloudy and much colder, except extreme south portion, rain south and extreme east pf rtmn Flesh to strong winds WEST TEXAS Cloudy with rain today Much colder Panhandle and south plains with cold wave and ram birthday of Andrew Jackson, who -suing tho estimated 15 MOi during I a™,*.    .?3‘"    KSK! LONDON. March 14 P — Italian prisoners of war went on strike today at camp in southern Mu I Albert N. Braithwaite, who initiated the motion, said "hitherto there seems to have been an indefinite something which kept tho two legislatures at arm’s length.” Brait.hu atte, recently returned from the United States and said the proposed visit had bern discus rd with Speaker Sam Rayburn. Preliminary plans call for inclusion of congressmen from both major parties, plus representatives of the independent parties. Some permission the sensu debate. March 14.—</T — el vice vote bill, ; ot a curtailed illy with the states’ won final approval of today aft r embittered • it background story on rage 5) Ohio Solon Fires New Blast at OWI England because their beer ration wome of half a pint daily was stopped members will be indicated here. included, WASHINGTON, March 14 -th Representative Brown <R-Ohio> launched a new otfcnsivc against tlu office of W.ir Information today with anasMTtion that "fourth ici'iii pi 111ii and ideological propaganda is being distributed” iii the anmd service,x. Where Allies Gain Wednesday, according to the sorties Roman calendar, is the Ides of March—but that not all. It’s a red Soles of 1944 Auto Licenses Bog Down To Julius < aesar. March 15 meant death. To Abilcnians, and citizens all over the nation, the Ides of March means something just as inevitable: they pay their taxes, or else. To historians. March 15 is the Tax assessor -col lector Pat Patterson today expressed concern over the slowness of the sale of 1944 automobile license tags, saying only about 1.200 plates of all types had been sold to date. Patten on saw lr tie hope of is- Sunday night, dropping anti-per sonnet bombs. No damage was reported. Allied planes flew 1,000 yesterday, headquarters said with medium bombers pounding German letter^ ti avpast, anc present communications in central Italy, including rail bridges at Sarzana and Viareggio as well as rail yards at Spoleto, Perugia and Fabriano. Three enemy planes were destroyed for a lass of six Allied craft. The German raided the beachhead four times Sunday and onc^ j ^s' born in 1767, Jackson was the the "remaining 15 days before the seventh president of the United deadline. April I. States, said to be the only    mgp to !    - ___ — leave the office far more    popular    SHeppOrCi PI Cid    to than he was when he entered.    D    -*■    .    . A*. In honor of Jackson, the Demo-    DG    I raining L.CnfCr crats hold a March 15 Jackson Day dinner, taking in funds for    WASHINGTON March    14 the national association. No party    The    War department Letters were being mailed today    function is planned here. to 50 Tailor county agricultural    On March 15, 1881, Abilene be- leaders, prospects who have been    came a town, springing up by the selected to form a steering com-    side of the railroad track as a mince for the Abilene chamber of    center for a ranching pojiulus. To-    ,    - commerce participation in the    da* Abilene is an Arm* boomtown. Serb Alders Careered West Texas chamber of commerce And as an extra boost    to tile Inter-County Agricultural Prod ne- Armed forces. Wednesday is the MEXICO CITY. March 14— V tion and Improvement contest. date chosen by Secretary of War Representatives of the newly or-The steering committee, appoint- Stimson for eligible young men to ganized Committee for .Aid to the ed by Roy Duke. Elmo Cook and take the examination for Army Liberatn.; Army of Yugoslavia were Mrs, Ems Lara nee. will meet at specialized training reserve pro- received by President Av .la Carnage chamber of commerce office    gram.    cho    yesterday Gen. Alberto    Zuno Saturday afternoon to formulate    P S. The banks wont be closed    Hernandez, president of the group, plans for the contest.    '    tomorrow.    explained its aims to the president. grossing in enemy from Meant* hilt continued p Japanese fi Maungdsw r were secure of Bushed;! Committee Named For C C Contest —14’ — said today Sheppard Held. Tex., is b ing converted into an Army Air training center and also for train ing glider and liaison pilots. Much colder tonight except Del Rio Eagle Pass arca. (old wave El Paso area and north portion Pecos valley and east of Pecos river. Lowest temperatures tonight 5 to IO Panhandle, I? to 20 South Plains 33 to 30 degrees ll Paso area and north portion Pecos valley and east of Pecos liver Protect livestock. Tomorrow cloudy and much colder, except continued cold Panhandle and South Plains Fresh to strong winds Maximum temperature during last 21 Force hours: 78 Minimum temperature during last hours: 6.3. TI MPI EXT! RI Tues- A M. (FOB VICTORY1 64—46 64- 46 JU BUY 64—46 1 ** •T» « 68 47 ' tm *1 * • Ct im »«i 83 -48 j j WTT ^ 64 —40 I J flWsONDS 64 —48 I ii *sr 64 —58 IF MVT*MPX 66—56 68-66 70 66 71 70 Sunrise this morning Sunset tonight: 7 46 Hear P 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 7 51 i drive to clean the north Burma. Allied troops made revs in clearing the rn the Buthedaung-,id. both ends of which through the capture ny, which was announced yesterday. The communique today said that advances were made along the road to the east, and that iii the Htindaw area, Allied troops were searching out small parties of Japanese remaining on both sides of the road. The enemy was said ti* be still holding some strong points northeast of the Ra-zabil crossroads. Chctniks Linked With Bulgarians lh 50 va—so lh 50 I; V) 74—48 74—48 70—48       ■■    ••*'"* • ga 47    ____ 68 46 SIX-TON BLOCKBUSTERS-    ... "    *    -    ...    Jn    t|H.    background    is    a    British    Lancaster    bomber    -the    type    that Here’s one of the new six-ton blockbuster bombs now in use zT-Ts by the Royal Air Force curries the giant bomb to its target. (AI* Wirephoto by radio from London). LONDON, March 14— T—Documents found on captured Chetniks indicate that Gen. Draja Mihailo-vic’s fo < ea have concluded an agreement with Bulgaria “for co-operation against tim Yugoslav Arni.* of Liberation,* a broadcast from the Free Yugoslav radio claimed toil iv . 'I he communique said Marshal Tito’s (Josip Broz) partisans had ca baaed the document during mopping up operations against Bulgarian and Chetnik forces in Macedonia and declared that they showed that the alleged agreement was lo continue “even after the vs ar." I ;