Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 14, 1938, Abilene, Texas
VOL. LVII, NO. 296.
tJTfje Abilene Sporter ~J)ctas
_"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES "-Byron
ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 14, 1938 -TEN PAGES.
☆ ☆☆ BVlKlOKldi
rmu4 n«M <w> PRICE 5 CENTSHitler Shouts Defiance At Enemies After Entering Vienna In Triumph; Britian To Match Reich Force
Prime Minister Remains Silent On Czech Plea
Military Aid Not Promised France In Statement On European Crisis
LONDON, March Ii.—(AP)—Prime Minister Chamberlain today plainly warned Germany that Britain would expand her vast rearmament program to match force with force in answer to Reichsfuehrer Hitler’s absorption of Austria.
However, the prime minister, in a vital statement of policy before a house of commons packed and tense, did not promise British backing to France if she should go to war to save Czechoslovakia from pan-Germanism.
Chamberlain said Czechoslovakia had been in consultation with Britain but he refused to discuss what Britain would do to guard the central European republic for whose 3,500,000 sudeten Germans Hitler had proclaimed himself protector.
Chamberlain bluntly rejected a German statement that Britain had no right to interest herself in Austrian independence, the German answer to
AUSTRIA'S RULER British Protest» over the an
Chamberlain insisted Britain “must always be interested in developments in central Europe.”
Baron Konstantin von Neurath, head of Germany’s new secret council, had written “the British government la not within Its right in claiming the role of protector of Austria."
Chamberlain said "the defense program will be reviewed in the light of the new circumstances”—a virtual announcement that the nation's 17,500.000,000 rearmament drive would be expanded even further.
“These event* cannot be regarded by his majesty's government with indifference.** the prime minister said, referring to Hitler's swift, bloodless coup in Austria.
“They are bound to have effect* which cannot yet be measured. •“We ha\vi*»u*y - a dc* it vicar that our defense programs were flexible and that they would be reviewed at any time in the light of any development in the international situation.
‘ It would be idle to pretend that recent events do not constitute a change of the kind we had in mind.
“We must consider the new situation quickly, but wlht full judgment xxx. •
"It is untrue to suggest that we ever gave Germany our assent or encouragement to enforce the absorption of Austria into the German Reich.
“The hard fact is that nothing could have arrested the action by
See BRITAIN, Pg. 6. Col. §
AS HITLER BEGINS TRIUMPHAL JOURNEY TO VIENNA
This p.cturc, sent by radio from Berlin to New York, shows Chancellor Adolf Hitler (left, in car) as he left Mun
ich, near the German border, by auto on his triumphant entry into Austria, preceded by troops, planes and tanks, at
right in car is Commander-in-Chief Wilhelm Keitel, and beside Hitler is the . chauffeur. The swastika emblem in the
background adorns the plane in which Hitler flew from Berlin 'to Munich.
Allred Decides About
Defender Of The Poor—
Arthur Seysi-Inquart, Austria's nazi leader, above, was appointed “minister and president" of Austria after the nation’s nazification.
Whitney Pleads Guilty To Theft
Grand Jury Bill Charges $105,000 Loss From Estate
DARROW, FAMOUS ATTORNEY FOR DEFENSE' DIES OF ILLNESS
CHICAGO, Mar, 14— Of) —Clar-ence Darrow, who rose from a $30 a month country school teacher to the nation’s most famous “attorney for the defense," was dead today.
The noted lawyer-philosopher died at his home here yesterday after a long illness with a heart aliment. He was 80 years old. With him at
Baird Bunk Report
NEW YORK. March 14 — Richard Whitney, head of
IV- , BAIRD. March 14 —(Bpi.)—Baird the bank deposits, at close of business
Richard Whitney Sc Co. brokerage firm and former president of the New York stock exchange, pleaded guilty today to a grand Jury Indictment charging grand larceny.
The indictment was procured by District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey. and accused the socially-prominent Wall Street financier of the theft of $105,000 from the estate of his father-in-law, George R. Sheldon.
Estimates of the shortages in the Whitney firm, which represented J. P. Morgan Sc Co. in many transactions, have run aa high as one million dollars.
March 7. were $1,082,854; loans and discounts. $177,587. according to Bob Norrell. cashier of the First Nation a1 bank.
ABILENE and vicinity: Partly cloudy •J^n**IDcd tonight and Tuesday Heat Texaa. Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday; cooler In extreme west portion Tuesdayaa<1 ,D "0r1h an'1 w,,t Portions
py,,y cloudy to unsettled tonight and Tueadav.
Higheat temperature yesterday go
Lowest temperature this morning sa
WHEN aristocratic Judith Goodloc married Reuben Oliver, a clash was inevitable. She inherited the codes of an old family. He fought his own way, made his own rules. One of them had to go down in defeat.
Read their enthralling love story in this paper
. 61 81 .6:31 6:46
Dry thermometer Wet thermometer Relative humidity
p m 7 a.m 12:39 p m , 73* SO* 83*
• 34* 4S* 55*
.24 39 9
BOAT RIDE ENDS IN TRAGEDY—
Funeral For Rotan Drowning Victim To Be Conducted Today
Four Sentenced ! In District Court
104th Attorney Expects To Clear Docket Todoy
Wheels of justice clicked, smoothly and rapidly, In 104th district couif Monday morning and when Judge W. R. Chapman recessed to: noon. Tour men, all
well under 30. had been sentenced the ,were_, his ,wife’ Rub>’- bis
. ,, . , .. .. i son. Paul, and a sister, Mrs. Jennie
to the state penitentiary. Another Moore. Funeral arrangements were
had been convicted in one case j incomplete.
and was waiting trial on a second i During his half century in courts
indictment at the mid-day rest. i slde °* country to the
other, Darrow’ was always the defender, the pleader. He fought for the poor, the oppresaed, the captive
and the weak because, as he once
said. “Those found in prisons are practically always poor; it is a game where the dice are loaded and the victim is almost sure to lose.”
His outstanding legal cases were in defense of Eugene V. Debs, many
See DARROW, Pf. 3, Col. 5
'Standing Room Only' Sign At Tax Office
Big Push To File Returns Begun
It was time for the “standing room only” sign at the Uiternal revenue office on the third floor of the federal building today as the big push to get income tax returns filed before the deadline began.
Deputy collectors Will H Talbot and E. D Priest were being assisted by A. M. Duval, internal revenue agent, for the final two days of the filing period. A table had been placed in the corridor for use of persons filling out the return blanks, and all possible assistance vas being given persons making out their returns The filing period closes tomor- j row at midnight, and indications today ult that the rush would continue until that time. Opening hour for the office is B a rn
Announcement Set This Week
Austro Throng Cheers Wildly For Fuehrer
'No One Can Shatter German Reich',
He Declares In Impromptu Speech
VIENNA, March 14.—(AP) —Adolf Hitler came in triumph to Vienna today and to a frenzied throng that cheered him declared, “No force on earth can shake us!”
Fully a million shouting, flag-waving Viennese greeted tha Fuehrer as he rode into the capital of the German state he has absorbed into his expanded German reich.
To more than 100,000 hysterical followers thronging the square before his hotel, he shouted;
“The German reich as it stands today is inviolable; no one can shatter it!”
Hitler apparently had not intended to speak until tomorrow, when at ll a. rn. he will address Vienna and the German world from the Heroes’ square. I - —......
I Many Messages To Dr. Sandefer
Expressions Of Appreciation Come To HSU Chief
Dr. J. D. Sandefer, president at
feeling which you now are demon- j Hardin - Simmons university and
But the crowd that called him again and again lo the balcony of his hotel suite would not be denied.
STIRRED BY RECEPTION
“German compatriots.” he began his impromptu speech, “I have felt in the last few days all the emotions which now’ stir you.
“This has been an historical change and the entire German people feel your emotions.
“Not two million people in one city but 75 million people in one nation are stirred to the depths of
“I am deeply stirred by this historic change.
“You all live up to your oath, all of you from Koenigsburg to Hamburg and down to Vienna, you do so in deepest devotion.’’
Hitler, who had changed to an open motor car during his 100-mlle
dean of Texas educators, received many messages of congratulations Sunday, as ne observed his 70th birth da}’.
Among them were:
“I frightfully salute seventy years of granite character and splendid services.” Pat M. Neff.
B. G. Biles was the first offender called belcre the bar of justice and entered a plea of guilty to an <ndictment charging him with a forger instrument. He was sentenced to two years in the state prison, his time to date from February 17.
Kenneth Morrison, alias Burl
Bruce, was next arraigned and received a tvo-vear term after
pleading guilty to forgery, his term to date from Dec. ll. 1937.
Fred fcjchmldt. alias Al Star,
also charged with forgery, was the next to bt tried. He likewise pleaded guilty and placed himself on the mercy of the court. Judge Chapman assessed his punishment at two years, dating from February 23.
Dub Nelson. 19. next pleaded guilty to stealing an automobile belonging to Dr. J. W. Gwinn on February# 7 and was sentenced to two years in prison. Nelson had Tern ceived a five-year suspended sen-JJ2. tence last Oct. 25 in 42d district aa court.
*2 Phillip Ellison entered a plea of ,s9 guilty in one case of burglary but had not been sentenced at noon. nit Ellison waived a jury in the first 72: trial but called for trial by jury on the second offense. His trial was set for 1.30 this afternoon.
District Attorney Otis Miller planned to rah all other cases on the criminal docket during the afternoon session.
Officers' Assailant Believed Trapped
Patrolmen Go To Etex Town
DALLAS. Mar. 14 Captain Lee
Miller of the state highway parol said here at noon he planned to leave immediately with a group of
patrolmen for Jonesville, Texas,, . , . . . . .
near Marshall where he said the £OU?tLU*l*,r was expected to begin
Governor Back At Office After Week Of Travel
AUSTIN, March 14.—<>P>—Governor James V. Allred said today he had made up his mind wether to run for a third term but would not announce the decision until later in the week.
The governor had returned to
dallas” March 14—(AP) — Car! L. Estes, Longview publisher, today "dared” Gov. All-red to run for a third term and added “If he announce, I will also announce my candidacy right behind him.”
Estes, in a written statement, said “It wouldn’t be fair for Bill McGraw to run against the political twins — Allred and Tbompaon (E. O. Thompson, railroad commissioner)
his office after a week of travel in west and north Texas and several days of “meditation” at the Mineral Wells health retort.
“Have you come to a decision as what you will do?” he was asked at his regular press conference. “Yes,” he replied, “I think so.” “Why r.ot make the announcement today?’
“I want to talk to a few more people.”
Bear To Flow In Eastland Monday
EASTLAND. Mar. 14 — < UP) — Sale of a 4 per cent beer in Eastland
tourney from Linz, entered Vienna ,. , . „ . * “
standing up, hewer, smmn, to of Baylor mhvertiUr and
hundreds ol thousands lining the g? ’ , ,
route Let me join your myriads of
Behind his slow moving automo- , throufhout TeX4* 411(1
bile was another car carrying Hein- J0.™* ln. m08 cordial and grateful
felicitations upon your returning
rich Hlmmler, chief of all Oerman police and other high officials of the reich.
The Journey through a smiling countryside from Lim where he had remained since his coming to Austria Saturday, was like a royal procession, through throngs of the fuehrer’s exultant followers. was Ilks a roya1 procession, through throngs of the Fuehrer's exultant followers. HYSTERIA SWEEPS JEWS
An Austrian government of his choice had prepared for his coming by announcing the absorption of Austria into th) Oerman nation, now stretching from the North Sea almost to the Adriatic.
Hysteria swept Vienna Jewry as Austria became but a name in history, her land, her people, her army and her government now a state of Fuehrer Hitler’s nasi-Germany.
As the fuehrer drove from Lints to the capital for a triumphal entry, hundreds of fearful Jews lined up before the Polish and other consulates to ask visas to enable them to leave the country.
A number of Vienna coffee hous-
Here yesterday to Join in observance of his father’s birthday, J. D. (Jake) Sandefer Jr., Breckenridge oil man. did not let his father, the veteran president of Hardln-Simmons university, know until the day's events were finished, that he was to go to Medical Arts clinic in Dallas today for a major surgical operation. The younger Sandefer underwent an operation last spring at the Dallas clinic and relatives said another, due to be performed Tuesday or Wednesday, was made necessary to finish correction of abdominal complications.
and happy birthday anniversary, and in fervent prayer for the highest happiness and usefulness of yourself, and of Hardln-Simmons
university, both of today, and for the unending tomorrow.” Dr. George W. Truett, Dallas.
“Congratulations, not just for seventy years, but because you have made of that span a monument of achievement and service that la unique in Texas and the southland.
es were placarded with warnings Thousands of lives bear testimony on doors and windows: “Jews not ln broader horiZPns> and greateJ
ROTAN. March IS.—tSpl)—Funeral for Harold Brown, 33. son of a Rotan couple, who drowned at Carlsbad, N. M, Saturday night, was set from the First Baptist church.here at 2 o’clock this afternoon. The Rev. D. G. Reid, Roby pastor, was to officiate, with burial to be made in a Rotan cemetery.
Brown was one of three persons who drowned after one of their number, a lone survivor said, “playfully rocked the motor boat in which they were riding on the Pecos river. The other victims were Lee Thurman Elkins, 28; and Miss Veltie Murray, 18. These three, with Joe Miles, were members of a party which went for a pleasure ride after a dance. Elkins and Brown wert riding and invited the new arrival* to Join them.
young gunman who wounded three officers in South Texas Saturday was believed in hiding.
Capt. Miller said he had been informed an automobile without license plates, fittin gthe description of tlje one in wTiich the gunman was reported in flight, was abandoned
permitted to enter.”
The postoffice announced every parcel Intended for foreign countries would be opened and searched to prevent smuggling of money from the country.
Jewish druggists were told their medical supplies might be needed by hospitals. Some voluntarily emptied their shelves and donated their goods
It was announced not more than 1.000 schillings i$180> would be paid depositors from their savings ac-
service, that you have passed that way. Abilene does well to pay you tribute today, and we proudly join your throng of friends in best wish-
See SANDEFER, Pg. IS. Col. f
next Monday afteir official canvass counts within the coming week.
of an election held Saturday County commissioners will meet Thursday to canvass the vote which showed unofficially 2,467 for beer sales and 2.266 against. County Judge W. S Adamson said that a hearing would be held next Mon-
The bodies were recovered by dragging. A Weatherbee ambulance returned Brown's body here Sunday night.
Although he was reared in Rotan, he had teen employed by an oil mill at Carlsbad for several years. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Brown, are long-time residents here, Mr. Brown having served at one time as Rotan's postmaster ana for several years as a rural route carrier.
Survivors, besides the parents, are four sisters, Mrs. J. B. Coker,
Taylor Farmers Vote 6 To I For Quotas
Taylor county farmers voted almost six to one for compulsory I marketing quotas to restrict sales | of 1938 cotton. County Agent Knox Parr announced today after an of-i firial count of ballots cast Satur-i day.
j Die vote for marketing quotas was 1,064 against 178.
Vote by boxes follows;
Abilene................. 176 35
Merkel .................237 34
Trent .................. 57 ll
Tuscola . ...*............ 110
at Jonesville, on the highway from on aPPHcati°ns to sell beer in I Marshall to Shreveport. the county.
Officers believed that the out- I law was Harry Wells, escaped Arkansas convict, who was suspected of robbing a bank at Luling of nearly $3,000 a week ago.
The fugitive was variously reported last night as surrounded at Little Rock, nine miles west of Houston, and fleeing from officers between Vinton, La., near Lake Charles and Newton. Texas.
Deposits made after March 13, Sunday, were exempt, as were accounts for wages, pensions, et a1, with limitations.
MIKLAS SWEPT OUT Vienna streets clearly showed the change by which the tempo of
See AUSTRIA. Pf. 6. Col. 7
Biggers May Get U. S. Business Post
ARMED AID FOR ALLY—
France Moves To Fight Against Nazi March In Central Europe
PARIS, Mar. 14—(£><—France pre- erate no more violations of Euro-pared herself today to fight against P*an order.”
Dallas; Mrs A B. Harrel, Rotan; Butman Mrs. Gad Yarborough, Rotan; An- ~ nabelle Brown Rotan, and a student in Mary Hardin-Baylor college at Belton; anc one brother,
Cecil Brown, also employed at Carlsbad.
Bradshaw .............. IOO 12
Wylie .................. 42 5
Lawn .................. 131 12
Butterfield ............. 82 6
Shep ................... 74 IO
Potosi.................. 29 18
further expansion of the
WASHINGTON. March 14«>F) reich'
-Well-informed officials indicate Faced by the Austrian crisis, So-the administration may ask John etatist Leon Blum hastily formed a D. Biggers, Ohio glass manufac- new people's front government to turer, to become its official bust- replace the fallen Camille Chau-ness collimator, with the title of j temps and prepared for assistant secretary of commerce.
They said his name was most ! frequently mentioned among pos- i sible successors to Ernest Q. Dr a- ! per, nominated by President
2. The mutual assistance treaty with Czechoslovakia would be revised to provide military action against Germany, even should Hitler attempt peaceful nazification of the war-born republic, with its 3,-500,000 Germans. Czechoslovakia is
What Is Your
NEWS I. a?
Roosevelt yesterday to the federal reserve board.
Biggers was described as unusually fitted for th»> task and also meeting a need for a business rep
resentative in the $9,000-a-year . closely connected with the govem-a5sistant secretaryship, I ment, that the two democracies ‘tol-
acdon thought here to be Hitler’s through diplomacy, propaganda, and goal.
if necessary with force. 3 Then France would seek to
Accepting German absorption of extend her mutual assistance un-Austrla as past and done with, the derstandlng with Czechoslovakia and new government mapped these WRh Russia to include all central steps to check any new’ encroach-j Europe, Poland. Rumania and Yu-
ment in central Europe by Fuehrer 1 goslavia.
. . 4. There would be an eventual
*n ’^demanding was sought eff0rt to break the Berlin-Rome
with Britain, said an informant axis, bringing Premier Mussolini of
See POWERS, Pf. 6, Col 8
Each question counts 20; each. part of a two-part question, IO. A score of 60 is fair; 80, good. Answers on page IO.
1. Who is this movie actress? With what musician was she reported vacationing in Italy?
2. Were the California floods caused by <a> unusually heavy rainfall, (bi tidal w’aves due to earthquakes in the Pacific, or ic) the breaking cf one of Los Angeles’ huge reservoirs?
3. Japan's foreign minister announced that if a conference on sea power were held, Japan would propose that Dig warships be abolished. True or false?
4. Two members of what government agency asked that their boss resign because they couldn’t get along with him.
5. What change in the game of bridge was recently Introduced in Europe?