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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 13, 1954, Abilene, Texas DIRTYÍEht Abilene toûrter--BetDíí MORNING VOL. LXXIII, No. 270 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 13, 1954—SIXTEEN AGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c PROBE SET BACK IN BUSINESS—W. 0. Jowers, Jr., 12, of 1917 Murphy St., can return to selling garden and flower seeds and weekly P^pers to’help out family finances nm recovered his bicycle, stolen Thursday nigh • The bike a gift from was returned by police Friday afternoon. (Staff Photo by David Barros)  ___ FOR VITAL STATE NEEDS Natural Gas^ Beer, Franchise Tax Hikes Asked bv Shivers AUSTIN. March 12 (^—Increased natural gas. beer and franchise taxes were recommended by Gov. Allan Shivers today to pay for teacher salary boosts and other vital state needs. The governor was not yet ready to say specifically how much the increases would be. The natural gas tax, he said, would be a “constitutional” levy on gathering as a replacement for the pipeline tax recently invalidated by the U.S. Supreme Court. Tighter Laws for Reds Shivers said he still personally favored death as maximum penalty for persons convicted by a jury as rommunists, but indicated he had no fault to find with the State Industrial Commission’s recent recommendation of a lesser maximum sentence. Tighter laws to control communists will definitely be urged on the special session starting Monday, Shivers said. The governor figured the teachers pay increase and a boost in salary for state workers would cost $26,000,000 a year. Essential improvements at several state institutions he estimated at around $11,000.000. Under the plan which he will lay before the lawmakers early next week, the $26,000,000 would be financed by the gas, beer and franchise tax increases. The $11,000,000 would come, if possible, from any surplu.s in the general revenue fund. If there is no surplus. Shivers said he would recommend some kind of temporary tax to handle it. The governor will ask $2.500.000 for the Deaf School at Austin. $3,-500,000 for Southwestern Medical at Dallas, $1.187,000 for the Dental school at Houston and $2.500,000 for the prison system. These outlays, he explained, would not be recurring items such as teachers pay boosts, and he felt it would he better to care for , them from any surplus that might exist. If there is no surplus, he suggested, a temporary tax would i be needed. No Final Figures Yet Shivers said he could not give final figures on his proposed new taxes or be more specific on other matters until the comptroller’s estimate of revenue is ready that will come Monday, he thought. The governor said there were a great many other areas where money might be spent wisely and that these may develop as the session moves along. Improvements at the Deaf School, the prison system and others have “too long gone uncared for.” Shivers said, “They should not be dela.ved any longer.” Speaking of a gathering tax to replace the invalidated law. Shivers said: "We will need to get revenue. not law'suits. some proposals of the past would bring only lawsuits. I hope this tax will stand up. The only other alternative is a straight reduction tax.” The franchise tax. Shivers said, would touch on every type of business enterprise except those classed as religious, educational and benevolent. .As such, it would be the “broad base” type of levy. Shivers said he hoped the lawmakers could get the job done in the 30 days allotted for special sessions. He wouldnT even talk about the possibility of another session if this one fails. Teachers Raise Endorsed He endorsed again the compromise $402 base pay raise for teachers and revision of the state-local school financing plan including the $100 per teacher unit allotment. This has been opposed by Speaker Reuben Senterfitt. Shivers said his talks with legi.s-lators indicated “pretty good support” for his proposals. “That doesn’t mean they will pass without a lot of trouble.” Shivers said. “I’m never surprised at anything that happens when the Legi.slalure meets.” A stormy session has been widely predicted. Shivers has been trying to iron out .some differences in conferences. Shivers said that more than a hundred proposals have come up as matters suggested for submis-.sion to the special session. Atom, Reds Challenge America, Teachers Told Top Papers Gone From Atom Plant WASHINGTON. March 12 I Rep. Thomas M. Pelly (R-Wash) : said today that “substantial quan-titic.s” of classified documents have disappeared from the Atomic j Energy Commission’s giant plutonium plant at Hanford, Wash. The missing documents conceivably could relate to h.vdrogen bomb production, if an unofficial report about some work done there is correct. ‘Shocking Situation’ Pelly said he had no information indicating the material was .stolen by spies, but “Even if it’s a matter of poor housekeeping it’s a shocking situation.” The congressman reported that Rep. Cole (R-.NY), chairman of the Senate-House Committee on Atomic Energy, has agreed to conduct an inquiry and that an investigator probably will be sent to Hanford at once. “The subject of atomic energy is too vital to the American citizen and the safety of this country to ignore the situation,” Pelly .said at a news conference. While the main known function of the Hanford plant is to produce plutonium for .^-homhs, there has been an unofficial report that material used in the first major hydrogen explosion—which wiped out an entire island at Eniwetok .4.toll In November. 1952—was produced at Hanford. This report, by Dr. Ralph Lapp, an atomic scientist who worked on the wartime Manhattan Project, .said the material was “tritium.” the heavyweight among the various forms of hydrogen.    | The billion dollar Hanford plant was built by the Army engineers during World War I! and covers 400,000 acres near the Columbia River, whose waters are utilized to cool the atomic reactors, or furnaces. It employes 18.500 workers. Pelly said he first heard that some atomic documents were missing from Hanford late last year, but at that time he considered it “just loose talk.” Late last month, however, a responsible person in the State of Washington advised him that the* matter merited investigation, he said. The AEC has confirmed to him informally that atomic papers have disappeared, Pelly said, and while it did not disclose the nature of the classified material he assumed it was “top secret”. McCarthy, Army Feud Flares Anew Belgium Okays EDC Trealy BRUSSELS. Belgium, March 12 ivP—The Belgian Senate approved the six-nation European army today and advanced the European    *    v Defense Community to its half-way, grees. At the same time the hu-j^^jjrk.    midity    dropped    from 87 to 10 per The Netherlands and West Ger-jcent and wind gusts jumped to 60 many previously ratified the EDC; miles an hour. Visibility in the city treaty. France. Italy and Luxem- was cut to three blocks. LESS WIND DUE New Cool Front, More Dust Slated I'he .second cool front in two , A cm.l front passed through Ahi-days was to hit Abilene from the , lene at 4:43 am. I riday with northwest in the pre-dawn hours i winds up to 37 miles an hour. Hy Saturday, bringing more dust to Friday night the front had moved the area. A U. S. Weather Bureau forecaster said the cool front will arrive about 3 a.m.. bringing more un-.stable air to the unstable air mass already here. Unstable air is the kind that supports dust and is caused hy radiation from the ground, warmed in the recent .March heat wave. Late Winter Storm Blasts Mid-ConlinenI KANSAS CITY. March 12 ■I’»- A late winter storm was carried northeastward from the Rocky Mountains by wind of gale forre today bringing a blizzard to the mid-continent. Winds of 50 to 60 miles an hour were general throughout this area whipping up one of the worst dust storms in 20 years. Visibility was zero in many places, and less than a mile In most areas. Colot ado and the western edge of Nebraska seemed to be the hardest hit. Snow' drifted up to 24 inches deep in eastern Colorado. Six to eight inches of wet, blowing snow disrupted highway travel In Nebraska and hampered communications there. In a special afternoon bulletin the Kansas City Weather Bureau reported the center of the storm was in central Kansas. Snow, falling temperatures and high winds were the fare to the west of the storm center, while to the east rapidly rising temperatures, wind and the worst dust storm since the 1930s were reported. At Kansas City the temperature jumped from 59 to 70 degrees in less than 30 minutes. In the next hour it dropped back to 64 de- } .southeastward, extending from Shreveport, La., to about 100 miles .south of San Antonio and westward into .Mexico The .second cool front at 9.30 p.m. Friday had passed south of i Amarillo and extended along a 1 ' line from Kansas C'ity to Childress. , It will move into the Abilene area ! with 15 mile-an-hour winds. The front will hold temperatures to the middle .50s Saturday and Sunday. The low Saturday night will be near 32. Gale - force wdnds scoured dirt from parched West Texas and New Mexico Friday and sent it boiling 15,0(K) feet high. The cool air pushed it cast But Texas and New Mexico weren’t the only states covered by dust. A low pressure area centered at Kansas City and moving northwest carried dust over all of Western Colorado and Western New Mexico. Kansa.s. Oklahoma, Texas. Arkansas. Missouri, Southern Illinois: and Indiana. To the north dust ended where .snow was falling from the eastern .slope of the Rockies to the Great Lakes region. Record March heat had gripped Texas for three day.s Isefore the first cool front moved acros* the? state. Behind it varying intensities. Dust lowered visibility Friday night at San Antonio to 21^ miles. At Lubbock you couldn’t see more than half a mile. Childress visibility was one-fourth mile, Amarillo and Texarkana eight,    Wichita Falls, three - fourths; Mineral Wells, two; Dallas, three; Fort Worth. 2‘s; EJ Paso, four; Austin, .six, and San Angelo, seven. Visibility at Abilene hung at one mile from 10 a.m. to 10:30 p.m., with exception of brief periods. As the dust rontlnued to whip most of the state, small craft warnings were hoi.sted from Lake ! Charles to Brownsville. The cool | front brought no rain a.s it moved | southeastward, but temperatures ^ dropped slightly.    I Amarillo had an afternoon reading of 54, El Pa.sn 60, Dallas 72, Texarkana 74. Ahead of the front. Laredo and Brownville sweltered | in 99-degree heat.    \ DON SCRIVNER . , . gets promotion Scrivner Now 2d in Command For T&P Here By DOROTHY DAUGHERTY .America faces two worries in what Dr. Kenneth Wells, president of Freedoms Foundation, termed chapter two of American freedom. Tho.se problems are the atomic age and “the vilene.ss of Com-immist conspiracy,” he declared. Speaking to the second general session of Oilbelt Di.strict 7 of the slate teachers association, in Abilene High School auditorium. Dr. \\clls talked on “Your Challenge and .Mine — Atomic Year 12.’’ He wound up Friday’s meetings, which began at 10 a. m. After his speech, a reception was held for visitors by the Abilene Classroom Teachers Association, Delegates then adjourned until 10 a. m. Saturday, when Dr. Ray M. Talbl is to lecture on “Education of Children and Youth with Physical Handicaps.” The meeting •ho will be in AHS auditorium. Dr. Wells asked his Friday night listeners: “What is the atom going to do with us and what are we going to do with it?" He continued, “W’e have the toughest problem of all times, a problem that will take courage and Intestinal fortitude — the same Intestinal fortitude that our forefathers had when they traveled In covered wagons, that Washington had at VaUey Forge." See related pictures, stories, Pg. -B, 6-B America mustn’t compromise with tyranny “We must keep our great spiritual faith,” he said. He called Communism “a totalitarian structure which is not only ungodly. but anti-God.” As long as Americans can agree that life here is based upon (a) the fundamental belief in God, <b) a constitutional government, and (cl that within each person lives undivislble rights because we are children of God. we can beat Communism, Wells believes. “If our principals arc lost,’’ he theorized, “the free land will disintegrate.” If this country bows to Communism, “no one wall be left to bail out the United States.’* Wells Se* TEACHERS, Pg. 2-A, Col. 1 bourg still have to act. France’s final position on the army, which is intended to include half a million German soldiers, is one of the biggest question marks now. Italy’s new Premier Mario Scei-ba has promi.sed to fight for ratification. but internal troubles, including a boiling scandal over the death of a society party girl, threatened Scelha’s schedule in the I Italian Parliament, i Actually only the Netherlands !has completed all the technical ' treaty ratification procedure. West Germany’s President Heuss has held up signature of the German ratification papers pending settlement of a constitutional dispute in West Germany over rearmament. Belgium’s King Baudouin has to sigrf the treaty and the Belgian official journal has to publish it before the Belgian ratification process is completed. The Belgian Senate vote was 125-40, with 2 abstentions, and 8 members absent. The House approved the EDC treaty last November 148-49, with 3 abstentions. The West German government tonight haUed the Belgian ratification with praise for the “powerful majority” given the treaty. In Bonn, a W’est German Parliament Western Kansas cities in the I Goodland and Dodge City areas ! had visibility cut to zero by blinding snow, mixed with dust. The ^ mixture of dust and snow brought ' a brown snow* storm to Garden : City. ! The accumulated snow* was expected to be light in Kansas with i the heavier fall to the west and ' north of that state. NEWS INDEX SICTION Oil news Women's news Sports . . SICTION Editoriols ..... Comics Form news Radio 4 TV log . Red Jets Attack U.S. Planes in Germany BULLETIN VIENNA, Saturday, March 13 i/r—The Prague Radio »aid today Communist Czechoslovakia has protested to the United States against an alleged violation of that country’s territory by two U. S. planes. MUNICH. Germany, March 12 —Two U. S. military planes flying near the Czechoslovak border were attacked today by a Soviet-made jet MIG, Bavarian police reported. The State Department in Washington hours later confirmed the there had commirtee worked on'ieilVlatlon’^    U    s    mill- cull up the .500,000 German soldiers    * ! promised for the army.    iln,/‘"if/”,!;’said it DR. KENNETH WELLS pitfalls of Atomlr Year 1- * German commander In chief will be the President or the Chancellor; who will be on a «immission to name senior officers above the rank of colonel; how to recruit 150.000 volunteers to form the core of the group of officers and enlisted men who will train the full force. Burned Girl Still in Critical Slate HASKELL, March 12 — Mary Sulema Rodriguez, 14-year-old Latin American girl who was burned over 85 per cent of her body in an oU stove explosion at her home Tuesday, remained in critical condition at Haskell County Hospital Friday night and doctors held little hope that she will live. “The chances of her making it are not too good.” a doctor said. “She will i-emain in critical condition for the next few days at any rate,” he added. "She is conscious and there are not compllcaUons “so far." .said both planes landed safely aft- THE WEATHER r. ». DKPX«TMS;NT os* («»MMKRi E WFATIIKR m RLAl ABILENE AND VICINITY Du»l.v and cool Saiurday. flaturday ngjht and Sunday Hlxh teinparaturc both day* In the middle .V)^ Low Saturday nUlu ”'*••■ NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEXAS Fair and colder Saiurday Sunday, jenet-alv fair, warmer In the afternoon. EAST AND SOUni CENTRAL TEXAS Fair and colder Saturday. Sunday, fair and cool, Freah to locally atron« northerly wlnda on the coaat. graduaUy dlminlah- temperatlxes Frl A M.    Trl    PM «    ......... 1 30    ^ n    ........ 3 30      « m ......... ..    3 30    .....    « M    ............ 4 30 ............ » «    .    ...... » 30      « 57..... «30      O-» »3 .......... 3 10    ...•    0* %3    ......    » iO ....... »3 H    .....    S 30      »3 M .......... 10 10 «0    .......... 1130    ,    .    .. «3    U 30 High and low temi>erauira» for 34 houra ^*Hufh*and^low"tei^raiurea aame date ^‘sU:t"l.!l “nih". *4 PS^rua to-day «:&3 am. Buuaet    ^ Don Scrivner, 43. traveling ovetl acrohS me? ; j'j.pjghj agent here for the Texas swirled dust of i ^    Railway since 1946, will become the toad’s assistant general agent here April 1. .Announcement of Scrivner’s promotion was made Friday night by H. E. UeLane, general agent. I Elevation of Scrivner to the sta-tus of assistant general agent ci'raies a new po.sition in the Abilene office of the railway. Hl.s duties as a.s.si.stant agent will remain substantially the same as traveling freight agent—.sale.s and .service. As traveling freight agent .Scrivner workfNi an area covering a large portion of West Central Texas. His di.strict Included the territory west to Big Spring, north to Canyon, south to Eden and Menard, and east to Baird. Active Civic Worker A veteran of 18 years of rall-ro.admg, .Scrivner’» first job was soliciting freight agent at Dallas. Since coming to Abilene he has been active in civic affairs and Is a member of the Uons Club and Abilene Chamber of Commerce. l.ast week he was named “Master Prospector of the Year” by the Abilene chamber for recruiting 78 new C-C members in his Prospector Club work. .Scrivner 1» also a member of the Episcopal Church of the Heavenly Rest and of the Masonic lytidge. His family consists of hi> wife and 11-year-old daughter. Sherry, who is a filth grade student at Alta V ista Elementary School. The Scrivners live at 1326 Peach St. .After a year at Dalla.s for the T&P. Scrivner went to New* Orleans. La., for a four-year jierlod and was then transferred to El Paso. While at El Paso he went info the Marine Corp.s for a three year hitch, one year of which was in the Pacific Theatre of Operations where he participated In the invasion of Iwo Jlma. Discharged from the service in 1946, Scrivner spent about .six months as a traveling freight agent at Fort Worth before coming to Abilene. Before going into railroad wxirk he had worked for a credit company and hardware stores in Dallas and Paris. He also attended Texas Christian University and Rice Institute. •J 6-7 . 2 . 3 . 7 . 8 Amy «;»3 » m. Buu*«t wmgpv • « Bwromttar rwwdinf ml • ^ ® ®* V,?? IUUUt« humid«» •» i:»® « “• H^* er the incident though the tail of one was shot up. There were indications that U.S. Navy carrier planes from the Mediterranean fleet were those involved. Bavarian Inirder police said eye-wltnesse.s saw the attack at 7,500 feet in hazy weather and afterwards found empty aircraft gun shells on the ground near Wald-muenchen. The eyewitnesses were quoted as reporting: Three planes were seen in the border area, ami one of them, a Soviet-made MiG jet fighter, opened fire on the other two. After several passes, It turned back east and disappeared in the direction of Czechoslovakia, The other two planes continued south. One source was quoted as saying; “They were flying In Austria and inadvertently strayed over Czech territory. They were attacked by a MIG fighter and were pretty badly shot up. They made their way to Munich " A check of airfields near Munich failed to confirm the Incident. The 1!. S. Navy spokesman in London said: “We had planes near the Czech border in Germany this afterncHHi on fainlliaiization flights from carriers in the Mediterranean. They may well have been the planes which are »aid to have been ; shot up."    ‘ One source suggested that tjie witnesses may have been mistaken. There was a possibility that one of three planes flying in formation broke off to return to base, giving observers the impression it had attacked and fled. A vear ago. on March 10. 195.3. an American jet fighter plane was shot down by two Czech jets in the D. S. zone of Germany. The American plane crashed and burned 15 mUes inside Aest Germany, but tba pilot atcaped by parachuting. Stevens Says Reports False WA.SHINGTON. March 12 Sen. McCarthy «R-Wist and Army Secretary Steven.s collided again today as charges and countercharges of pres.sure, blackmail and lying exploded around the case of a drafted member of McCarthy's subcommittee staff. From a bipartisan majority of McCarthy’s subcommittee — three Democrats and one Republican— came a clamor for a fa.sl investigation to gel tne whole story of what has been going on behind the scenes. Army Accuses McCarthy What set off the late.st spectacular flare-up within and around the McCarthy subcommittee was an •Army ret>ort accusing the Wiscon-.sin senator and his chief counsel. Hoy Cohn, of turning on pressure for favored treatment for Pvt. David G. Schine Schine Is Cohn’s pal and was a consultant to the McCarthy committee until he was drafted into the Armv last November. McCarthy bitterly protested that the report was an attempt at “blackmail." Ju.st as bitterly, Stevens protested McCarthy’.« release of an unsigned memorandum the senator said was from committee files—a memo that said .Stevens had asked that the subcommittee shift Its hunt for Reds from the Army to the Army, Navy and Dcfen.se I>epartment. “Iftterly untrue,” the Army secretary said. He and McCarthy have warred before over McCarthy’s treatment of Army officers called as witnesses. The Army report at the heart of the newest clash said Cohn told Stevens he would be “through” and the Army “wrecked” If Schino was sent overseas. U said McCarthy repeatedly asked that ha be assigned to the New York area, where he could assist the subcommittee on the side. Chain Reaction Starts .Senate sources turned loose the report last night. Today there was a chain reaction: Sen, Potter (R-Mlch) a member of the McCarthy subcommittee, summoned reporters to his office to give them a statement saying the report contained “most shocking charges” and Cohn should be fired if they were true. He said he had written McCarthy, asking for a subcommittee session to look into the charges. A subcommittee session is unlikely, though before sometime next week. The three Democrats on the subcommittee. Sen. McClellan lArk), Symington (Mo> and Jackson (WashI. also whipped out a statement saying they assumed McCarthy would call one soon to “di.scuss the report and determine what action should ne taken." The Senate Republican leadership. apparently a bit miffed that it didn't get copies of the Army report, likewise seemed to think an investigation was in order. Tha Senate majority leader. Sen. Knowland of California, said he thought both the Senate and the country would expect the McCarthy subcommittee to develop all the facts. McCarthy Cries 'SlackmaiP McCarthy held a news conference and cried, “Blackmail.” The Wisconsin senator said the Army’s legal adviser, John G. Adams, had told him several month.« ago a report which woulii embarrass the subcommitte was being prepared and would be turned loose unless the aubcom-mittee called olí an investigation of the Army. McCarthy, furthermore, dug intc his files and gave reportera a batck of staff memos saying among othei things that Adams had callee Schine a “hostage” and tha» Stevens twice tried to get the sub committee to halt its hunt for Con» munists in the Army and turn la See MCCARTHY, Pg. 2-A, Col. 1 SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN REPORTER-NEWS Remember Friday the 13th of March, 1953? People in Knox and Haskell Counties won't be forgetting that day soon, for that was the day a brutal mid-afternoon tornado brought death to 16j>ersons, injuries to scores and property damage for hundreds. How does the storm area look a year later? How have survivors, who lost all or part of their families, rebuilt their lives? Reporter-News Staff Writer Georgia Nelson and Photographer Don Hutcheson went to O’Brien, Jud and Knox City tnis week to get a “year-after” picture-story for readers of this newspaper. Their stories anu pictures will be one of tiie top features of the big Sunday P«P^r.    ^    * \nother feature will be the first report on how West Texas lawmakers feel about the proposed teacher pay hike. Katharvn Duff, who will report legislative happenings for the Reporter-News. has polled the legislators to find out if they do or do not favor the propos^ $402 pay boost for teachers. Results of this poll will be printed Sunday. ;